both, and turn their hearts to their duetie !
JOHX PATERSOX, ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW, 1702. 165
You write to me of a 100 lib. for each bishop and archbishop here, orderd
by the Queen to be payd to us, and wonders I heard or said nothing of it. 1
answer, indeed I heard of it once, but as ane rumor, and did look on it as
such, thinking the Queen wold haue orderd more for the archbishops than for
the other bishops ; but now I find some trueth in it, tho it was never inti-
mated to me by anie concernd, and you will know the trueth from Earl Sea-
field or his servants, who needs must know it.
As for such of our bishops who obstruct and disswade from dutiful! ad-
dresses to her Majesty from the episcopall clergy, I know^ you guess them
exactlie, for I know that neither the bishops of Aberdeen, Murray, or Dum-
blane, are against that seasonable and dutifull designe, and if some two
bishops was not in Edinburgh, I am sure that such addresses had come long
agoe from most off those presbyters who live in and about this citie. But
whatever I say to yow, I know it's safelie lodged, and I will never turn ane
accuser of my brethren, but sail doe all I can to serve and save them, for I
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am hopefull that some tyme will convince them off their error, and that if
they haue anie designe to gett the P[rince] of W[ales] included in the royal
succession, they take the worst method in the world for it, by keeping out
from owning and serving the Queen in her reigne. Eor Gods sake pitie
them, and doe them all the kyndues in your power against their owne
methods — it's a great charitie. I sail e[n]quire further o.bout what yow write
of ane 100 libs, coming to us bishops and archbishops, and sail aquaint yow of
what I learn, per next ; but I say again, no such order or precept ever came
to my hands, nor vves ever intimated to me.
Be not anxious about the form off anie addresses from our clergy, for if
anie come you sail find them such as will please yow. Addresses are pre-
paring both from presbyters and laicks in severall places of the kingdom,
but letters are written from this place both to bishops and presbyters in the
166 THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
coimtrey, disswading from taking oaths or making addresses to the Queen,
which I am sorrie for. Continue in your proposd method for indulgence
and favors in generall to us and our clergy, and if wee prove so unhappie as
not to accept off them on reasonable conditions, the refusers sail haue non
but themselves to blame for it. Indeed, I know non of our surviving bishops
who wold refuse to swear allegiance to the Queen, iff episcopacie wes re-
stored, and they to their former posts with it, two onlie excepted, who are
not as yet free to doe it, tho in tyme I hope they sail win over their scruples
in that matter also. I am glad my Lords of York and London are pleased
with my deportment in this juncture, much more that so is the Queen.
Amongst other topicks used for dis wading du[tifull] addresses, it's said tho
the Queen in her owne mynd w[as] dissatisfied with them and with the
addressers [ . . . ] ane indulgence will come from her Majesty to [the epis]-
copall clergy and people without their m[aking] such addresses or applications
to her, as also f[avours] and bountie, both to bishops and presbyters ; and
so [me] are so weak as to credit these delusive suggestions ; but I doe posi-
tivlie assure all of them that these are altogether groundles and ridiculous
imaginations. If Lord Tarbat sail write to his brother Prestonhall, he will
tell him plainlie who they are, and what methods they use, who endevor to
suppress addresses ; it's better it come by him then by another. I desire
nott that it come from me, nor that my name be so much as mentiond as
ane author or reporter of it. Pray be so kynd as to take care of this for my
To Sir Alexander Bruce, at Mr. Sam. Fisher's at the Olive tree,
neer Charing Cross, Westminster, London — these.
Indorsed : " Archbishop letter," and " Archbishop Glasgow."
GEORGE VISCOUNT OF TARBAT, 1702. 167
131. George Viscount of Tarbat to [James fourth Marquis, afterwards
FIRST Duke, of Montrose].^
Whitliall, 15 December 1702.
My Lord, — I had the honor of a letter from yow relateing to Mr. Grames
concern in the admrality. It is with regrate that I meet w^ith the least
obstacle in any return to your comands, and this it is so on the following
occasion. Apparently there had been some comuneing on this matter befor
the Queen, when the Duke of Lennox did take the oaths as admiral, at which
tyme it is said that the Duke did promise to the Queen not to dispose of his
deputations and under officers without herr Majesties approbation ; and that
the Duke had said he would not, wheron the Duke of Queensberry and Earl
Seafeeld had, by her Majesties allowance, promised a continuance of the
offices of judge admiral and clerk to the two who had formerly served in
them. They could not then know nor conjectur that you would be any way
concernd ; and the Duke of Lennox, not remembring (as he sayes) of such a
promise, disposed of them, on w^hich there is some variance twixt the two
Dukes, and it lyes befor the Queen ; and tho it be odious to bribe members
of parliament, yet prudence w^ll allow a warines from disoblidging them, and
at present should any (tho litle) inconvenience arise from disoblidging Mr.
Forbes, who is a parliament man, it were not desyrable to occasion it. Duke
Queensberry thinks also that his honor is ingadged in it befor he could know
(or indeed [ ] ) your Lordship was concernd ; and therfor perhaps your
Lordship may, on knowledge of these circumstances, leave the determination
of the matter twixt these who are directly concerned, since, as it is stated,
Duke Queensberry looks on himself as a defender of his word in the case.
1 From original iu Moutrose Charter-chest.
168 THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDEKCE.
]\Iy Lord, I wish it had been my fate to have had your comands both in things
that were not blown on by others manadgment, and yet rather in a concern
of more importance, if I were of use in your service. My pith may be litle,
but my desyres are strong enough to serve the person and family of the
]\Iarquis of Montrose. Things have runn long enough in less notable chan-
nels. I cannot forbear wishing to see yow amongst the cheeffs of Scots
royalists. Your quality may pretend to any service to your princes, and your
af^e to a fair entry, and I should be sorry to see good opportunity slipt ether
by negligence or bad councels ; and the sooner one beginns there will be a
nearer hast to advance, wheras, if those of opposit interests root themselfs
longer in the autority, they Avill root the deeper and be less moveable, for
never had the principles of loyalty a more favourable aspect then they have
at present from our princess. I am not so vaine as to think that I can be
usefuU, but I am sure I shall not think shame to be officious in so noble ane
errand on many accounts, and one is, that I presume true desyrers of honor
will never propose but just and suitable things in and under suitable circum-
stances. Its a wliile since I desyrd your true servant and freend, the Lord
Boyle, to impart some hints of this nature. My Lord, allow ane old gram-
mariar one Latin adage : est post occasio calva. There is very litle room and
very many pretenders, and albeit few give the stakes to keep to such as
desyre them too earnestly, yett in our tymes they are seldom given to those
who shunn to be concernd. In conclusion, I should be sorry to see one in
the crowd of a party, who may now be considerable and shortly a cheef in
the body politick under a soveraign head, where, amongst others, he should
be attended by a
Faithfull and most humble servant,
REV. DAVID WILLIAMSON, 1702. 1G9
132. Eev. David Williamsox/ Moderator of the General Assembly of the
Church of Scotland, to [George Viscount of Tare at].
Edinburgh, 17 December 1702.
May it please your Lordship, — I was desyrd by brethren conveend in
Edinburgh at the comission to signify to your Lordship that the time of the
assembly approaching, the tenth of March, you wold take your conveniency
to aquaint her gracious jNIajesty hearwith. Wee expect it will hold at the
diet. Our assemblys heartofore have been helped so to behave as hath been
approven, and we ar hopefull shall be so guided for hearafter. As we rely
much on her IMajestys repeated assurances to mantain and preserv the pre-
sent presbyterian church government, and giv all encouragment to ministers,
so we ar confident of your Lordships favour (now advanced to such an
eminent post) on all occasions. I was injoined to intimat publiquly to the
commission that the members not only themselves wold mind, but also
aquaint the brethren within there respective precincts at their return home,
how much it is the duty of all of us to be instant at the throne of grace
that God wold bless her IVIajestys person and government, and grant her
a long, happy, and prosperous reign, and to bless the Lord for the Prince
his recovery, and for the successe of her Majestys arms both by sea and
land. I wiU not be farther tedious to your Lordship. That the good
1 Mr. Williamson was minister of Saint wife. While at Court, on the accession of
Cuthbert's parish, Edinljiirgh, till Gth August King William, he attracted the notice of the
1706, when he died, aged 7- years. Between ladies on account of these matrimonial alli-
the years 1665 and 1700 he is said to have ances. He was familiarly known as "Dainty
espoused seven successive wives. On the Davie." The popular song of that name is
occasion of his seventh marriage, the wits of supposed to refer to him.
the day said that the lady was his Sunday
170 THE CEO MART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
Lord may bless and grant your Lordship his favour and conduct, is the
May it please your Lordship,
Your Lordships most faithfull and obedient servant in all humble duty,
D. WiLLiAMSONE, Moderator.
Indorsed in the handwriting of Lord Tarbat, " U^. Mr. David Williamson."
133. Sir Patrick Vans of Barnbarroch to [The Same].
Glasarttoun, the 19th Desember 1702.
]\Iy Lord, — I most hearttiely congratulat your being mead Lord Seckrie-
tarrie. And I being soe much asured of your Lordships frindsliip formerly
heas impoldened me to give the trouble of this to show your Lordship that, as
to the bussiness betwixt Lawers and I, it is still lying by and noe lykiehood of
its being ended, which is the cause of great trouble and expencs to me ;
and I fear, if not ended werry shortly, will doe me great hurt, for ther is non
that I ame owing any thing to but they are beginiug to dispare of my ewer
getting any of it out of Lawers hand, which if not, bouth I and your Lord-
shipes nics and childring will be in ane bad condittione therfor.
]\Iy Lord, I most beg that sines yowr Lordshipe is in ane post soe that
nun is more capable to serv ther frinds, and I knowing it was still your
Lordships inclienationes to doe me kindness fare beyound my desertts, I have
presumed to put your Lordship in minde to doe soura thing for me, soe that I
may make your Lordshipes nices and her childring live as becoms such near
relattiones to your Lordship,
My Lord, I lykways presume to give ane small informattione of ane debt
dew to my gTeat gTandfather by King Jaems the Six. The cause of the debt
was, my great grandfather was sent as ambassiedor to the kingdome of Den-
JAMES FIFTH EARL OF GALLOJVAY, 1702. 171
mark, to treat of the maradges betiuxt King Jaems and Queen Ann ; and
lykway, when his Majestie went to solemnices the maradges, he went ower witli
him, and all upon his oun expencs, which was the first break that the
femallie got ; and newer got any thing in recompencs, which heas brought the
famellie soe loe that I ame not able to make yowr Lordshipes nices live as
such ane near frind of your Lordshipe ought to, without I be provieded in some
post. I shall only beg pardon for my rudness, and say that I have non to
depend upon but yowr Lordshipe ; and if it wer not to great ane trouble to
yowr Lordshipe, I would beg that yow Avould return the Earle of Gallway
thanks, for he is kinder as I can express : and if yowr Lordship should think
it fite that I should goe up to London, and represent to her Majestie the great
loss my famlie heas susteaned throw the want of the debt dew by her great
grandfather, I doute not but the Eearle of Gallway would us his intrest with
his greacs the Duck of Queenberry to be my frind ; but I will not desire my
Lord to write till I know yowr Lordshipes minde, and till then yowr Lord-
shipes nices and godsoun gives ther humble duty to yowr Lordship, as alsoe
him how is, my Lord,
Your Lordshipes most humble and obedient servant,
134. James fifth Eahl of Galloway to [The Same].
Glasertoune, December 21, 702.
]My Lord, — I doe heartly congratulate your Lordships advancment to
that honourable office of high secretarie. I am confident it is nou in your
hands to doe kindness to your freinds, which will ingadge them to serve your
Lordship. I am not to solicite your Lordship at this time upon my oune
172 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
account, but I most recomend to your Lordship your good freind and mine,
the laird of Barnbaroch. Your Lordship may remmember that you was en-
devouring to procure a companie for him in summer last, when the com-
missiones were in the Duke of Queensberrie his hands ; but at that time
they were all filled up, which was the occasione of his disappointment :
therefore I beg your Lordship may use your endevours for procuring some-
what to him that may be assistant to the support of his family, for rely his
circumstances requires it. And considering the interest he hes in your
family, and his oune merit, it wold be a great incuradg[ment] to him ; and I
shall look upon the favour equalie as done to [mysejlf. If your Lordship wold
be pleased to write a line to him, and if [there is] auie necessity for him going
to Londone, he will upon your [desire]. My Lord, as I formerly have had
undenayable proofs of your Lordships freindship, soe I shall desire this as a
furder instance therof. I am, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble servant,
135. John eighth Loed Elphinstone, to [The Same].
Elphinston, 24t December 1702.
Right Honorable, — I was unwilling, upon your first entry to youre new
office, to give you any trouble, knowing that ye woold be mutche taken up
with the publik and mor important affairs of the nation, and union of the
tuo kingdoms. And judgine now that the gratest trouble of thes is over,
I presume, in the first place, to congratulat your Lordship upone your acces-
sion to youre office of secretarrie of state ; and to assure yow that there is
no bodie gladder of it, or wishes you more happines and longer continowance
in it then I doe.
PATRICK COUNT LESLIE, 1702. 173
It is not uuknowen to yovvr Lordship that I had in King Charles the
Seconds reigne a gift of pension from him of tuo hundered pounds sterling
a year during my life ; notwithstanding whereof, I have never, since the
happy revolutione, had any parte of it payd, nor any continowance of it ;
albiet youre Lordship knows that severalls whos gifts of pension war in
the same termes, and on the same fot, were continowed and payd to them.
I cane attribute this my misfortune to no other cawse then misrepresentations
that may have been made of me, because I wase against the aboleshing of the
ancient churche governement by archbishops and bishops. And now that the
Queen (whom God preserve) is happyly setled upon the throne, I beg youre
Lordships favorable representatione of my caise to her Majestic, and procure
for me the continowance of this my pension, to which I have so just a right.
Yowr Lordship wase a witnes to my cariadge the last sesion of parlanient,
and how faithfully I was designed to have served hir Majestic, which I doubte
not bot ye will represent unto hir. I rely upon your Lordships favor and
goodnes in this affaire, and am in sincerety, right honorable,
Youre Lordships most humble and faithefull servant,
136. Patkick Count Leslie to [George Viscount of Taebat].
Fetterneir, December 31, 1702.
]\Iy Lord, — Upon the first assurance I found my self oblidged to
congratulat your Lordships preferment, and wishes your Lordship long life and
health to enjoy it, with all the good wishes I can think on for blessing your
undertakings. And withall, am necessitat to beg your Lordships protection
and cair of this gentleman, bearer herof, William Leslie (brotlier german to
174 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPOXDENCE.
the Laircl of Pitcaple), my near relation, who, in the last wars, did deservedly
behave himself in being preferred to be a lieutenant ; and thought to have
been mortally wounded att the siege of Namure, as his scarr yet can bear
witness ; and has served this last campaigne in good esteem as a volunteir,
with a promise of preferment from my Lord Malborough. Yet I and all his
friends are convinced that a word from your Lordship will much add to the
obtaining therof ; therfor let me humbly beg your Lordship will allow me the
honour of it, which w411 much add to the many and great obligations put
upon, my Lord, ■ ^
Your Lordships most faithful! and oblidged servant,
Pateik Count Leslie.
137. [James Marquis, afterwards Duke, of Montrose], to George Viscount
Edinburgh, the 2d January 1703.
My Lord, — This day my Lord Justice Clerk w^as pleased to call for me
at my lodgeing, and delivered me a letter of your Lordship. I need not, I
hope, use many arguments to persuade your Lordship of the trew sence I
heave of the particularr kaindness your Lordship has been pleased to express
to me on many occasions. I were both verie unsensible and ungrate, if I
did not give it a just return. As your Lordship is pleased to express a
great dall of concern about me, so I hope yow'l do me all justice in
beliveing me aluays firm to those principles of my famely which heave been
ever for the support of the monarchic. I should look upon it as a verie
mean project, and verie much below me, eetheir to follow or heave any
1 Original copy at Buchanan.
GEORGE EARL OF MELVILLE, 1703. 175
thing to do with however were of different principalis ; hut I do assure
your Lordship that whatever measures I enter into for the servise of my
countrie, I shall aluays heave lier JMajesties honor and interest particularlie
before my eyes. But that I mant give your Lordship further troble, I shall
only add that I ever am, my Lord .
To my Lord Tarbat.
Indorsed : " Copy letter, L). 'M. to E. Cromarty, 2 January 1703."
138. George Earl of Melville to [George Viscount of Takbat].
January 7, 1703.
]My Lord, — I find by yours I had the other day, without date, that some
have urite to yow of my being dissatisfied that I was not advertised uhen
turned out. I thought, and still thinke, tliat it uas hard not to acquaint me
uith it. I was informed by good hands that your Lady told, in several com-
panies, that yow had urite to her that I was laid aside ; uherupon I told
your brother that I uondered nou had urit of it to me, and that I should be
left at an uncertainty how to carry. For, upon a bare report to desert the
Queens service, uould have l^een taken ill (if the news had been false). On
the other hand, to attend as a member and then l)e kicked out, is not very
desirable ; but matters of civility and kindness are not to be challenged.
As for my being turned out, I assure yow its as litle trouble to me as ever
it uas to any.
I do not desire your Lordship should give your self any trouJjle about that
affaire of the Kettle tiends ; its a matter of smal value. It was more to
have occasion of obligeing some of my neighljours, then any prospect I had
176 THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
of great advantage, that made me desire it. I have no more to trouljle yow
with at present; only I expect from her Majesties justice, the Duke of
Quensberrie and your Lordships kindness, that my son and I be paid of
uhat ue served faithfully for.
T am sorry mistakes should continue betvieen yow and my friend, and I
uish I could have prevented them; but if every one will keep their oun
humours and justifie whatever they do, there is no help for it. Whatever
of late has fallen out I regrett; but I am sure he uas a kind friend and
faithfull servant of yours, and I would have thought so uise a man, and of
so much experience, and so concerned a husband as my Lord Tarbat, might
have indulged anothers concern for a wife they uere fond of, especially uhen
their feet uere not long cold. If yow had been pleased to have discoursed
me uhen yow did the other, much of these mistakes might have been pre-
vented. But I have said too much on this head. If friendship be gone out
of the world, I am sorry for it ; I am sure it never failled on my side. I will
give your Lordship no further trouble at present. I am, my dear Lord,
Your Lordships affectionate cousin and most humble servant,
139. George third Lord Eeay to [The Same].
Bommel, the iith January 1703.
My Lord, — I had long ere now given your Lordship the trouble of a line
congratulating your being made secretary of state, but that I thought to have
seen your Lordship att London. But tho' I ame among the last, I assure
your Lordship that I'm as much overjoyed att itt, and wishes the continuance
of it, as much as any man ; since I'm sure few has been in that imployment
so fitt for it and deserving of itt, as your Lordship. I gave my Lord Seafeild
GEORGE EARL OF MELVILLE, 1703. 177
the trouble of getting me a gift of recognition of the lands of Sanside, and
am informed your Lordship stopped itt on Durens accountt. I assured your
Lordship att Edinburgh that I had no design against Duren any manner of
way, which Sir George Sinclar knows very weell, but against Sanside ; and
I exspect your Lordship will be pleased to gett me the said signater past,
and send it to Mr. James, your son ; and if I don't satisfy him fully on
that head, I shan't desyr itt. My Lord, the only reason I ask this gift for
is, to be my security in case I buy any debts against that esteate ; for, if any
other should gett itt afterwards, my right will prove null ; so that I exspect
your Lordship will befreind me in itt. The Duke of Queensberry promised
to make me one of the privy councill (which is no expence to the thresery),
and I hope your Lordship will be assisting in itt, or do it yourself if it happens
to be your Lordships waiting month. I design shortly for Scotland, being
an old maried man, and should be desyrous that were done ere I went their.
I had a pension of £300 a year from the King, and was promised to gett itt
renewed. I hope your Lordship will concur in itt if proposed. I allwayes
depended much on your friendship, and hopes your Lordship will believe me
to be, my Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionatt humble servant,
I wish your Lordship a happie new year.
140. Geokge Earl of Melville to George Viscount of Tarbat.
Edinburgh, Januarv 21, 1703.
My dear Lord, — I perceive by yours of the 14th yow thinke I am not
uell pleased with the manner of my being laid aside. I believe I gave no
ground for it, as to yowr part, or that I jealouse yowr kindness. Yow knew
178 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
and understood better things then to have wanted charity for me, uhen yow
were not employed at first, and uere uell eneugh acquainted uith the circum-
stances of affaires at that time, and how much I endeavoured to testifie my
kindness both then and befor. I am too old now to take the dorts, uhich
seldome does a pettit bairn good. Uhat yow urit in relation to others : I
am sorry for the continuance of mistakes amongst friends, but yow may
thinke I look on that affaire uith more calmness, and freer of passion then
either parties, and the heats or mistakes of others does not often much
influence me. But 1 will not insist on this subject, haveing said eneugh
formerly. I hope and expect that your Lordship will make good your promise
in procureing some effectuall way that I may be paid of what is owing me. —
I am, my dear Lord,
Your Lordships affectionate cousin and most humble servant,
To the right honorable The Viscount of Tarbat, principal secretary of state
for the kingdome of Scotland, London.
141. [John Paterson, formerly Archbishop of Glasgow, to The Same.]
Januarij 2G, 17 Of.
My dear Lord, — I was never surprised befor with such a bold, impudent