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bearing that the private men of these companies doe understand the corre-
spondance and haunts of the theives, and that it would be very difficult to
find others so fitt for that bussines, and consequently the northern shyres
might be again exposed to theiving. The privy council did upon this
unanimously recommend it to me to acquaint the generall, that the officers
of these two companies might be allowed to give other men in place of
draughts, which I have done. Wee had severall church processes before the
council. One was aganist the sherrif of Ross, which relates to what hap-
pened att the church of Dingwall. Severall of the councellors did appeer
plainly against the sherriff, but I did argue the matter fully, and did keep
them closs to the debate. The sherriff is allowed to return home, and is
freed from attendance till he be cited cU novo ; but wee appointed him and
the magistrates of Dingwall to concurr in makeing the church doors patent to
any that shall be imployed by the presbitery. The other church processes
were against ministers that preached for charity, and were qualifyed by the
Queen ; and these, after hearing att the barr, were let fall. I doubt not but
you will obtain orders concerning Captain Ewan, the captain of the man of
warr that is here for transporting of the recruits. If ane other man of warr
be ordered, it is fitt he be allowed to sail with such of the men as are in
readines ; but if not, then his continuing here some time is for her Majestys



JAMES FIRST EARL OF SE AFIELD, 1704. 23:



service, that all the men that are engaged may be canyed over together to
Holland, there being thirty or 40 officers in severall places of the kingdome
makeing there recruits. Captain Gordon has cleared the coast of some
privateers, having chased three of them. He came to the mouth of the;
firth with 25 sail of wictuall ships, and is again returned to his cruise.
Your Lordship was pleased to send me the draught of Colonel Ogilvies
bore-breeff, which is very well, and I herewith return you it and desyre
you may present it to the Queen ; and I hope her Majesty will signe
it, he having merited so well of his countrey. It was moved last council
day that Glengary should be sett att liberty upon his finding bail, but
that was delayed because I found many of the councellors were absent.
But the council is to meett again on Tuesday next, and I beleeve the coun-
cellors are almost all inclined to liberate him ; for severall of the deepest
whigs, I find, have been against his being im prised, and are very well satis-
fyed that he be let out. AVee wait for her Majestys determination of our
affairs ; and, whatever may happen, I shall ever doe wdiat is in my power for
her Majestys satisfaction and the good of this kingdome.
I am, my Lord,
Your Lordships most faithfull and humble servant.

The parliament was adjourned Friday last, according to her Majestys letter.
Indorsed : " For E[arl of] Crom[artie]."



192. The Same to [The Same].

Edinburgh, May 8th, 1 704.
]\Iy Lord, — I thought to have write this night to my lord thesaurer, and
to some others att London whose letters I have receaved, and to have



236 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.



ans^^d^ecl some of yours ; but I have had so many company with me that I
have only time to let you know what occurred att council this day. Wee
have past a proclamation for hindering the export of our current coyn, which
has been very litle notised all this winter. Wee have also ordered the
ships to be searched and the skippers and merchants to be examined
upon the design of exporting it att present. Wee have ordered the recruits to
be all putt on board against Friday, and then they are to sail with the first
fair wind, there being now above 1400 men aboard. The whole officers and
masters of the transport ships complain that they have but one convoy, and
they earnestly entreat that any ship att Newcastle, or any other place near
to that, may be imediately ordered to joyn them ; for two or three litle pri-
vateers may carry the half of them to Dunkirk. It is for her Majesties
service that you acquaint her with this how soon you receave the letter ; for
it will make great clamour if wee lose our ships and men for want of suffi-
cient convoyes. The north coast is full of privateers, and I am sure it were
good both for England and Holland that cruisars were appointed there, espe-
cially for two or three moneths. Your Highland company is lykewise estab-
lished, and I have given them as great dispatch as you could have desired.
David Baillie had a petition before us this day, and by the unanimous con-
sent of council he is ordered to be transported from Blacknes to Stirline
Castle, where he is to continue till the further order of council, by reason of
the bad air att Blacknes. There has been a meetting att Patrick Sfceells this
night, where there appeared great calmnes and moderation. , This is all I
have time to write, but to assure you that I am, with all sincerity.

My Lord,
Your Lordships most faithfull and humble servant,

Seafield.



JAMES FIRST EARL OF SE AFIELD, 1704. 237



193. [The Same to The SAxMe.]

Edinburgli, May SOtli, 1704.
My Lord, — I receaved your Lordships last letter after my return from the
countrey. I had been att Fettercairn for some dayes att a meetting with my
Lord Boynd and his friends. His affairs are in a desperate condition. I am
afraid he will be able to save litle or nothing, though his creditors give him
considerable eases. I earnestly intreat that, if any gift of his escheat or
recognition be demanded of her Majesty, that you may stop till I write to
you again; for I am a creditor myself, and many of my neighbours and
friends are engaged for him. And I rely on your Lordships friendship in this
matter, for I truely design no thing but the preservation of that family, it
possible. As for answire to yours, I thought 59 had gone to the Bath, and
therefor I did nether write so frequently nor so fully ; but I shall be very
glade that 59 have the full influence that he or his predecessors have had,
and there is none with whom 58 shall more willingly communicate. I know
nothing as yet but that EJ is 22, 33, 31, 31, 28, 37, 37, 28, 33, 32, 24, 36/;
but 9 1 being secretary and w continuing, what can EJ doe ? He thinks it
not necessary to fill 34, 30, 20, 22, 24, 37, att present, but he is for 39, 20,
22, 20, 38, 28, 32, 26/ of some, that persons may serve in 27, 33, 34, 24, 37,',
wliich I truely think moderate. And though he speaks of severalls of the 28
40, 32, 38, 33/, yet it is with submission to 92, but all his friends thinks that
the doeing of this may be the most probable mean to prevent heats and to
take away zealousies. 58 resolves to follow what directions he shall receave
from 92, and shall have a great deal of deference to the opinion of S;
and therefor, though he writes sometime with freedome, I hope 58 will not
Ije mistaken. I wish that njeasures were concerted, for there is no time to



1^38 THE CEO MART IE CORRESFOXBEKCE.

be lost, — the funds are near run out. As for Mr. 39, 20, 23, 24, 36, 21, 40,
36, 32, I beleeve they thought 59 was not att London, and they will not trust
]\Ir. 32, 20, 36, 32, 24; but there is no doubt but they will have all regaird
for 59. I am confident that he and 102 are in a good correspondance together,
and it is necessary it should be so, since the last is so well with HJ and his
friends. The council has this day adjourned the parliament. In my absence
they could not gett a quorum, though my wife sent the advocat her Majestys
letter to the council ; but it is done timeously. The generall did think fitt
to withdraw the party which was under Captain Ogilvies command for keep-
ing out the Irish w^ictuale, and the gentry of that countrey did ad\yse him to
hyre above thirty men on his om^i expenses for his assistance. This he did,
and came into the council and made his application ; and the privy council
did unanmiously appoint the former pairty to be sent back, being convinced
that the want of it would doe a great dale of prejudice to the countrey. Give
my service to 102, and tell him I have not time to write to him this night,
though I have receaved one letter for him. Mind the commission I wrote
for to my servant, John Philp, to be Hugh Cuninghames successor. I am to
be with your brother to-morrow, and I am

Your humble servant.



194. The Same to Geoege Earl of Cromartie.

Edinburgh, June 9th, 1704.
My Lord, — I beleeve this will meett your Lordship on the rode, and
therfor shall be much shorter than if you had been att London, for the
thoughts of your absence has oblidged me to write full to my lord thesaurer.
I receaved both your letters by the two flying pacquets. There was no
occasion for the second, for I did plainly discover the difficulty in reading



SIDXF.Y LORD GODOLPIIIN, 1704. 2.39

the first to the council, and tlierefor did only by a discourse signify to there
Lordships her ]\Iajestys pleasure concerning the vacancies. I am of your
Lordships opinion that it is allwayes best to err on the safest side. I have
reformed the draught of the letter as it was sent down, for there was things
in it that I can by no means consent too. There is a better party for her
Majestys service and the good of the kingdome to be made out of both than
either of the pairties, and therefor it is very inconvenient to encourage the
one to unite against the other. If you were here, you would be intirely con-
vinced of this. Lideed, the matter of the plott will be emj^uired into ; but in
this and every thing els I am for moderation, and shall observe the rule that
you prescrive to me with regaird to your self. I must own that my Lord
Twedale and all his friends are very inclinable to moderation att present, and
att the same time very dilligent about her Majestys affairs. Att meetting wee
shall speak fully, and att present it is only necessary to acquaint you that the
managers have ans wired your bills. And wishing you a good journey, I give
my most humble service to my lady, and I am with all sincerity, my Lord,

Your Lordships most faithfull and humble servant,

Seafield.

Indorsed : " Earl of Seafield, Lord Chancelor, to the Earle of Cromerty, when

Secretary."

195. Sidney Lokd Godolphin, Lord High Treasurer of England, to

[The Same].

Windsor, June 9th, 170L
My Lord, — I have had an opportunity to read to the Queen the severall

letters and papers your Lordship sent mee before I left London.

I returne herwith the letter for adjorning the parliament, signVl by her

]\[ajesty, and the blanks fill'd, as you proposed. ■ ■ .



240 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.



The memoriall concerning the plott is in the hands of Mr. Secretary
Harlev, who will receive her Majestys comands in that matter.

Lieutenant-Generall Eamsey's memoriall seems to mee a little imperfect ;
for it wants a stated account of the exact smn which remains due for that
cloathing in Scotland, upon which account, when it is sent up hither, her
]\Iajesty's orders for his repayment ought properly to bee grounded.

As to his claym of 2000 lb. from the Treasury, that is new to mee. But
if any memoriall to that purpose Kes now, or shall bee hereafter transmitted
to the treasury here, it shall bee examined without delay.

I beg the favor of your Lordship to send the Lieutenant-Generall an
extract of this paragraph of my letter, which I hope will excuse my not
writing to him, having this day very many letters to write.

The Queen will cause the D[uke] of Queensberry's papers to bee altered
as you propose, and will take consideration of the severall particular persons
mentioned in your memoriall, whose cases lie before her Majesty.

Upon the return of the flying packett of the 2d instant from hence, it
may deserve great consideration what may bee fitt for the Queen to doe with
respect to the D[uke] of Atholl ; after which, the sooner your Lordship and
Mr. Johnstone are upon the place, I think it will bee the better. I am
always wdth respect, my Lord,

Your Lordships most obedient, humble servant,

GODOLPHIN.



196. The Same to [The Same].

Windsor, June 10th, 1704.
]My Loed, — I have received your Lordship's severall letters of yesterday
and the day's before. Sir D. Nairn will bring you all the papers signed by the



KEXXETlf MASTER OF Dl^FFrS, 1704. 241

Queen, as you proposed. I shall speak to-morrow to the admiralty to com-
pleat their order to the convoy for Lord Tweedale's equipage.

I have spoken to Sir Thomas Stuart, who says lie will bee ready to inform
niee more fully to-morrow.

The Queen will consider the case of Lord Wandell and Sir Andrew
Foster. I am always, my Lord,

Your Lordships most obedient, humble servant,

GODOLPHIN.



197. Kenneth Master of Duffus, afterwards third Lord Duffus,

to [The Same].

Windsor, 14th of June [1]704.
My Lord, — I came liere yesterday, but had no opportunity to see the
Prince till this morning. The doctor had spoke to him concerning me er I
went in ; so, when I deliver'd your letter, he said when his counsell came
here (which I belive will be Saturday next) he shou'd do all for me lie cou'd,
which I suppose is the letter of recommendation he meant by. He had not
read your letter while I was there ; therfor I designe to see this night again
if your Lordship may expect any answer, for the contents of it being what
you expect from the Queen in my favours, and what my present sircum-
stances absolutly requires, makes me the more concerned, and is the reason
why I trouble you with what follows. My Lord, I am abundantly well
assured of your inclinations and forwardness to doe me all the kindness ly's
in your power ; yet, when I reflect liow I stand at present, it makes me very
uneasy. For tho your Lordship is well perswaded I am not very rich, yet I
belive you scarcely imagine me so very poor as I am ; for, when 1 left home,

2 H



2i2 THE CROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



my father was not able to addvance me any thing considerable, nor did I part
with expectation of any reliefe therafter. However, with much adoe I got
as much togither as brought me to London, upon the remender of w^hich and
the litle credit I had, I have made shift to live these three months past.
Your Lordship knowes when I came I neither desired or expected any great
matters, but only that you might recommend me to any post for a while I
cou'd but live by ; and then I cou'd have equiped my self in some manner for
it, but I must own it is not in m}^ power now. Tis true your Lordship has
promis'd that, if the Queen will give nothing at this time thertoo, you will
advance me something ow^t of your own pocket ; which I acknowledge is
more than I ever deserv'd at your hands, and for wdiich I shall wish to live
to be in sircumstances to make you and yours ane honorable and gratefull
requittall. Besides, if it come to that, when ever your Lordship can procure
me any thing from the Queen, you shall reteen your own in the very first of
it. The Queen is to be to-morrow be twelve a klock at Hamton-Court, Avher,
if your Lordship be as you designed, I shall wait on you ; and I am perswaded
that your own speakeing to her Majesty is the readdyest way to procure it, I
am very well assured of my fathers inclinations to serve your Lordship, and
I am very confident that if you take but a litle trouble to converse mth him,
afterwards you may depend on him as far as he is able. I am resolv'd my
self to writ him a letter, which your Lordship shall see, which I know will
do no harm. But tho neither he nor I shou'd be ever so luckie as be able to
repay your kindness, I hope owr family, which has the honour of your rela-
tion and nighborhood, may be sometime so happy as to show their gratefull
resentment.

]\Iy Lord, I'm hopefull, wlien you consider my present sircumstances, and
what pickle 1 shou'd be in if you forgot to do some thing for me er you left
this place, you will easily excuse the trouble of this, being from one whose



SIR JOHN MACLEANE, 1704. 243



greatest satisfaction shall be ever to acknowledge how much I am in all duty,
My Lord,

Your Lordship's most obliged and most obedient nephew and
humble servant,

Ken. Mr. Duffus.



198. SiK John Macleane to [The Same].

London, 27 June 1704.

My Lord, — I was at Windsor Sunday last, to wait on the Duke of
Somersett, in order to have the honour of kisseing the Queens hand, but his
Grace told me that, haveing spoke of it to her Majestic some time agoe, she
seemed to decline it as a thing for which there was no present necessity, and
that might give vunbrage to people in Scotland. As I was surprised at this,
I askt his Graces sentiments whence the Queens shynesse could proceede.
He said he beleeved that, at the time he spoke to her Majestic, she was on
some new measures as to Scots affaires, and that, haveing those to manage
into whose handes she was to present them, she knewe not how farrher oiveino-
me her countenanc publicklie might be agreable to them ; butt that he would
speake again to tlie Queen, and lett me knowe her Majesties pleasure next
week, att his arrivall in town, and that in the meane time he would speake of
it to my lord treasurer. He told me that he heard by accident (for that
Englishmen were to medle no more in Scots affaires) that the Scots required
all those concerned in Frazers affaire should be sent downe, but that I needed
not be uneasye about [it], for he would speake of it to the Queen. As your
Lordship is better able to make a judgement of this matter then I, so I shall
be glade to have your Lordships sentiments, and your orders how I am to



244 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



behave. It seemes it is not Argyll who is manadged ; and if two certain
Dukes with yow be not sensible of the justice I have done them, I think they
are in the wrong to me, of which as your Lordship is best judge, I leave it to
yow to sound ther sentiments. As your Lordships friendshippe is my reall
stock, when I have your instructiones I shall follow them exactlie. I hope
this will find yow safelie arryved in good health, which none of your sons shall
ever take a greater concern in then, my Lord,

Your ever faithfull and most humble servant,

MacLeane.



199. Alexander Wedderbukn^ to [The Same].

London, 27 June 1704.
My Lord, — I hope this shall find your Lordship safe at Edinburgh, and
that you have gott satisfying reasons why ther has been so few letters from
thence for your Lordship since you were upon the road. I shall say only
that I 'm perswaded their is no design of disobliging you by it. I writt to
your Lordship and sent under packets sent by my Lady to the places you
order'd upon the road, but I doubt you have not gott all. I shall be very
sorry if your Lordship take offence against me on that acount. I assure
your Lordship my resolution is fixt to my duty, as well as my incKnation to
personall respect for your Lordship. Acording to your directions, I went

' The writer of this letter was a younger Lord Chesterhall ; and his grandson and

son of Peter Wedderburn of Gosford and a namesake, Alexander Wedderburn, was siic-

Lord of Session under the title of Lord Gos- cessively created Baron Loughborough in

ford. In consideration of his efforts in favour 1795, and Earl of Rosslyn in 1801, after

of the LTnion, Alexander Wedderburn was having filled the oflfice of Lord Chancellor

appointed a commissioner of excise. His and played a prominent part in the political

son, Peter Wedderburn, was appointed a arena in the latter half of the eighteenth cen-

Lord of Session, and assumed the title of tury.



ALKXAXDER WEDDERBURX, 1704. 24-^

to the secretarys once and again to call for the papers relating to the plott.
Both of them assured nie they had none in their custody concerning tliat
matter, all having been laid l>efore the House of Lords ; but Sir Charles
Hedges said, if your Lordship would condescend upon any not contained in
the printed account, he would indeavour to find them. Xot being satisfied
with these answers, I went to the treasurer at Windsor, and spoke both as
to the papers and the sending of the persons named in your memoranda to
me. As to the papers, he said I had best send these I could gett, that is,
extracts from the clercks to tlie House of Lords. Witliout the witneses were
sent down, I know litle use those would serve for, and therfore I have de-
lay'd asking them till I see what comes of the other, or that I gett new direc-
tions about it. All I have been told yet in relation to the persons, is that
the Queen is desirous they should go, and such as want pardons shall only
have them upon that condition ; but that by the law they can not be forced
out of the kingdome, and some of them upon particular reasons, ^fr. Fer-
guson is under triall here, and it were a carying him away from justice.
Sir John ]\I^'Klane can scarce be desired, having something like an assurance
not to be made an evidence. David Lindsay stands condemned, and, till lie
be pardon'd, can not be admitted ; and it will need stronger intercession than
mine to obtain a pardon. If either the opinion of the privy councel were
sent to her ^Majesty, or at least positive orders were sent to me what I shall
demand on evry particular point in this matter, your Lordship would see by
the answers what is meant, better than by any remarks I can make.

I have as yett had no opportunity for dispatching the privat papers you
left with me, but I hope the nixt week I shall. To-morrow the trial in ex-
chequer for the ship Annandale comes on. It will be fitt I be present,
being able to attest that the papers said to be the companys deeds are truly
so. Thursday, the Queen goes to Hampton Court, so it will be Friday after



2i6 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.



tlie packet comes in before I can go, at soonest. Though I have said above
that 1 delay'd getting extracts, I have not delay 'd inquiring how it is to be
done, and I find both the principal clerck to the House of Lords and his
deputy are in the cuntrey.

The Duke of Malbury has given orders for makeing provisions at Heidle-
berg for his army, which confirm es the news of Bavarias agreement with the
confederates. IMy Lord Galloway goes to command in Portugal, and Shom-
berge returns — at least this was proposed in councel — and five thousand men
are to be sent [to] those parts. I am, with all respect, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,

Al. Weddeebuen.

200. Alexaxdee Weddeebuen to Geoege fiest Eael of Ceomaetie.

London, 29 June 1704.
]\Iy Loed, — I had not troubled your Lordship by writting to-night, haveing
nothing new to say, if my Lady Weems had not ordered me to acquaint your
Lordship that she is gone to "Windsor this afternoon, and to send herewith
inclosed the Queens warrant in favours of Mrs. Kinnaries. I have come to
no fixt point as yet in the matter of the papers your Lordship ordered me to
call for. I find now they are lodged in the attorney generals hands, and no
assurance they are to be taken from thence. And as to the persons, ther is
only a positive promise of sending Mr. Campbel, but when or how I can not
tell ; but on IMunday I am promised an answere. I have given my lord chan-
celor the same account, only 1 beleeve it may be a litle more full, or tedious
rather. I intend to go to-morow to Windsor, and cary with me all the privat
papers your Lordship left with me, and shall give your Lordship account of
what pases the Queens hand with the first post after. I have no news to



ALEXAXDER WEDDERBURX, 1704. 247

add to-day, and some of what I writt last was but upon hearsay, and wants
confirmation. I am, with al respect, my Lord,

Your Lordships most humble and most obedient servant,

Al. Wedderburn.

My Lady Forfar intreats your Lordship would help to gett some of her
Lords arears pay'd, that she may go home, now that her son has a promise of
money here for his education. But I do not inlarge upon this, knowing my
Lady has recommended it.

To the rio'ht honourable the Earle of Cromarti.



201. The Same to The Same.

London, 3 July 1704.
My Lord, — I had no letters from your Lordship yesterday, nor have I
any thing to acquaint you of relating to the affaires of parliament. This day
1 gott the Queens hand to a gift of escheat of Boyne, elder and younger, in
favors of my lord chancellor. I send down the letter to lords of exchequer
open. Your Lordship may be pleas'd to cause show it to my lord chancellor,
that he may be satisfied, before it is presented, that it is conform to his
directions. Their is no dews of this nor any other paper that I have sent
payed here. I likewise obtaind a letter ordering one Anna Blair, whose