father had been a great sufferer in King Charles the Firsts time and after-
wards, to be putt upon the charity roll for five pounds sterling yearly. There
are two sisters of them, and they had fortie pounds Scots ; but that not being
sufficient, I presumed to gett this addition, which Avill make but fifty pounds
Scots to each. Yesterday Sir Harry Furnace sent to acquaint the Queen that
248 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPOXDEXCE.
he had iutelligeuce that Prince Eugene had cutt off part of Tallards army and
most of his bagage. This can not be depended vipon, since we have no mails
from Holland ; but it's said Sir Harry has ventur'd two thousand pound
upon it. I am, with all respect, my lord.
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
To the right honourable the Earle of Cromertie, principal secretary of State
202. Jean Wemyss, Countess Dowager of Sutherland, to [The Same].
Abbey, Jully 5th, 1704.
]\Iy Lord, — I am constraint! to forbear my addressing to the counsell
anent the poor orphans, my grandchildren, their additionall aliment, hoping
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
that when my sone Southerland comes here, and some other freinds, that I
expect your Lordship may find the busieness more easie to obtain then at
present it would be. I think my adversa[r]ies are affraid of your Lordship ;
for, since I was with yow, they have pay'd me the ordinary aliment that the
counsell modefied to the children severall years ago, tho' it has not afforded
poor John a farthing to buy cloaths or any necessary for him this year and a
halfe bygone, so that I have bein forced to furnish him my selfe with all
necessary's during that tyme. But I hope the counsell will ordain Arbuth-
nott to doe better things, so that his only brother may have meatt, cloathing,
and education, which is all I petition for in his behalfe. When my sone
Southerland comes, I hope your Lordship will give him that freindly counsell
to give me my oun in peace and without delay, which will be his oun advan-
tage and his children's. I liad not tyme to tell your Lordship that, wpon
SIR JOHN MACLEANE, 1704. 249
what your Lady, my dear sister, wrot to me of your Lordships being active
for the good of the Church of Scottland, I made many glad, for I told it to as
many as came to visit me, and they were well pleas'd to hear of it ; so I hope
your Lordship will act so as to convince all that what I told them was truth.
I beseech your Lordship to have a speciall care of your health now when my
sister is farr from yow. Give my humble and affectionate service to her, and
beleive me that I am, in all sincerity, my Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionate humble servant,
J. W. SOUTHERLAND.
203. Sir James Stewart, Lord Advocate, to The Same.
Edinburgh, 7 July 1704.
May it please your Lordship, — I have bein this night so tormented
uith the gout that I could not keep my bed, and this morning I am good for
nothing ; but I have ordered William Gordon to wait on your Lordship at
eight a clock, as also the clerk of councel, and shall send a macer to bring the
two prisoners from the castle at tuelve a clock. But I can doe no more save
to intreat your Lordship to make this my excuse to my lord chancellor, if he
come. I am, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and most obedient,
S. Ja. Steuart.
For the Earle of Cromerty, principal secretair of state.
204. Sir John Macleane to [The Same].
London, Jully lltli, 1704.
;My Lord, — Since my last to your Lordship I hade the honour of a visit
from my Lord Sunderland. He told me he hade spoke to my Lord Treasurer,
250 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPOXDENCE.
who gave him ane acount of the Queens orders for the 20 sh. per day, with
M'hich his Lordsliip advised me to make myself as easye as I could for some
moneths, and that if before next session of parliament I was not putt on a
better foott, they would then take caire for a more fixt settlement. Upon
my teUiug his Lordship that in my petition I hade laid before the Queen
the expences I was att in my confinement before I hade any allowance, and
the fees of the officers of the tower, for which I stood indebted, he was
pleased to promise he would wryte that very night to the treasurer ; and
offerred me very kindlie his assistance in every thing I might think he could
be usefull to me, and in so oblidgeing a manner that it showed his sincereity.
I wayted Thursday last on my lord treasurer, who was very civil to me, and
lett me knowe that my Lord Sunderland hade spoke to Inm, but that he
hade not heard of what I told him was mentioned in my petition before I
hade any allowance, but that he would take caire of it if I would renewe the
petition by Sir Charles Hedges, which I have done. The Queen was so taken
up whilst she stayed in town, that the Duke of Somersett told me there
was no speakeing to her, but that he would knowe att her return to Windsor
when she would alio we me to see her. I beleeve she does not desyre to be
pressed about any Scots affaire whilst your parliament sitts ; and it is my
buseinesse to be modest, and lett her take what measures she judges most
convenient. I find by Glendaruell that Argyll was so violent on the first
newes of my arryvall, that he went straight to the Queen to prevent any
favourable impressiones might be given lier of me. He swore to Glen-
•iaruell, when I was in the Tower, that I should never enter Mull but by
force of armes. He sayes his ill humour against me proceeded from the
Duke of Queensberry and his clubb, who persuaded him that I was sent for
by the Duke of Atholl and your Lordship, to knock Frazer's affaire in the
lieade ; and that it was the true reason of my makeing so much heast to land
ALEXASDER WEDDERBCRX, 170 1. 2ol
in England. The use I shall make of this is to be on my guard, Avithout
takeing any notice of it, whilst he keepes fair with me. Sir -^neas writes
to nie of that affiiire I gave your Lordship ane acount of, tliat was proposed
fornierlie to my wife ; but the person who made the offerr being deads, I
knowe not what weiglit it may have : and on the other hand the mentioneing
it may doe me prejudice with some people heere, whom your Lordship knowes
I must manadge. But I leave this to your Lordship's better judgement,
begging pardon for intrudeing on your Lordship's time by so long a letterr ;
but your friendshippe and advice being what I most firmlie depend on, it
oblidges me to give yow ane acount of Mdiatever passes in relation to me.
May your parliament be weell and soon at ane end, that I may see again the
man on earth I am most oblidged to, and who, I can sweare, has not any
body more entirely his then, my Lord,
Your Lordships most faithfull and most humble servant,
205. Alexander Wedderburn to [The Same].
Windsor, 27 July 1704.
Islx Lord, — I have never failed to deliver your Lordships letters to the
Queen and my lord treasurer as soon after my receiving them as I could have
access, nor to represent fully what you have been pleas'd write to me, both
as to your concern and skill in management of her Majestys interest; and I
hope, when your Lordship shall have occasion to inquire, I shall not be found
faulty that way. But your Lordship, in yours of the 20, is pleas'd in a very
obliging maner, I must own, to lay home to me some particulars that have
the appearance of a fault, yet if ther's any allowance to be given upon the
account of want of experience, I doulit not to be clear'd in this to. I have
252 THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
bad uo reason to suspect that what papers are sent up to the Queen are con-
ceald from any of her cheef ministers. Your Lordship sent up an instruction
to the commissioner which none of the goverment mention'd in their letters
to me, but I did not question for this that your Lordship had not concerted
with them, and therefore I made no difficulty of sending it directly to bis
Grace ; nor did I ever offer any thing to the Queen as recommended by one,
and concealed from the others of her servants. But that there may no
mistakes happen of this sort, and that I may be free of blame, as my intention
is to serve honestp.]y and fairly so far as I understand, I shall acquaint my
lord chancellor, and any other, if it be fitt, that I may receive directions not
to give offence ; tho in the mean time this farr I must say, that your Lordship
has not condescended upon the particulars you think wrong, and so I am at
a loss how to hitt upon just reasons by which I may give you satisfaction as
to my observance and respect.
I receiv'd some time ago from Mr. Chalmers a signature in favours of
my Lord Xorthesk, which he write your Lordship was to give me directions
about ; but, since I have heard nothing from you, I have delay 'd offering it.
It contains some considerable favours, such as erecting lands in a regality.
I receiv'd likewise another, recommended by my Lord Eankillor, in
favours of Polekemmet, for a novodamus and a change of holding from ward
to taxt ward, which I shall not present till your Lordship is first satisfied ;
also a gift of Boynes escheat in favours of the chancellor, with the draught
of a letter for a backbond comprehending the creditors, as it was in his gift
of recognition. This is plainly for the security of his purchase and just debt,
and therefore I presume your Lordship will not disalow of my presenting it
so soon as a fitt opportunity offers. I did not forget to represent the strugle
was made in the treasury about the preference of payements; and what
your Lordship says, showing the difference ought to be put betwixt the
ALEXANDER WEDDERBURN, 1704. 253
offices that occasion expence and these that create neither trouble nor charges,
was own'd to be very just and plain. This farr I have writt before I have
any thing to observe to your Lordship of the Queens or the treasurers sen-
timents of what came by the flying packet, save that they seem pritty well
pleasd to find the cess caried. If I observe any further befor despatching
this, I shall add a line or two. If my being here keeps back my Lady's letters
it is only when a flying packet comes, and even than it has not happen'd to
delay much, becaus I sent hers imediatly back by the same express that
brought the packet hither. I though[t] to have sent this by an express,
expecting that the Queens letters would have been reddy to day, but it is
now so late that I can not expect it, and therefore I send this by the ordinary
post, which wiU be sooner in Scotland than I think the express can be now.
I have no time to add more, save that I am, with all respect, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
206. The Same to [The Same].
Windsor, 31 July 1704.
My Lord, — I am realy sensible of no neglect on my part in giving your
Lordship accounts of what pases here ; I'm sure I never faill to write when
their is the least reason to make me think it would not be a trouble. I
indeavoured in my last to satisfie your Lordship on this head, and therfor
shall be the shorter now. My lord treasurer sends by this packet the
Queens mind to my lord commissioner, and I hope will write it to [your]
Lordship to ; but in case he do not, I shall adventure to give you my con-
jectures what it may be. There seems to be no scruple in allowing the Act
of Security to pass, if the clause which begins (Provyding alwayes) be
251 THE GROMAETIE CORRESPONDENCE.
intirely left out. The first paragraf is not liket more than the last ; there-
fore, if it be found necessary to have any part of it continow'd, it would be
changed and made smoother. It's thought now to look too like an exclusion
of the successor of England from our nomination, which sounds very ill here,
and differs mightyly from what the Queen has recommended so earnestly.
I shall not adventure to go farther upon conjecture ; besides that, I hope
it will be needless, for the treasurer will certainly be plain to the commis-
sioner, tho I beleeve by the smallnes of his packet he has not writt to all he
design'd at first. I am, with all respect, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
207. The Same to [The Same].
London, 1 August 1704.
]\Iy Lord, — The flying packet that went yesterday from Windsor caried
all that I can say concerning pnblict affaires. The Queen is come this even-
ing to Kingenston, and I was so long of having notice of it, that I could not
find a conveniency to bring me here till it was late ; so that I have had no
time to learn either the true news, or common discourse of this place. I
was surprised to find, at my coming to the office, a packet which I sent on
Saturdays night from Windsor, directed for your Lordship. It seems by some
mistake at the General Post-office it was neglected that night. I have sent
it without opening it, as it was first directed by your Lordships own servants
hand, to satisfy you that I was not to blame that nothing came to your
Lordship by that post. This day, before the Queen came from Windsor, my
I>ady Forfar had an audience, and was told by her Majesty that the pention
ALEXAXDER WEDDERBrRX, 1704.
promised before your Lordship Avent from hence i'or her sons education, is
not to he payeahle here, as was expected, hut that a letter is to he ordered for
it in the same manner as is done in faA'ours of the Duke of Douglas ; with a
promise that the Queen will see it made effectual. In my humble opinion,
it will be a kindness done to the family if your Lordship would represent
that this grant will prove ineffectual, since the treasury of Scotland is alredy
over charged ; and than without doubt her Majesty will be persv/aded to
continow the favour in the terms it was first promised, at least understood to
be. I left my Lady at Windsor with my Lady Cromartie, who is very well,
but I can not tell positively if her Ladyship comes here to-morow, or sta}-s
till the Queen return on Thursday. Sir Andrew Forester has gott a promise
of a hundred pounds to supply him in the time, and the consideration of his
clame is reserved till your Lordship and others his friends are present to
represent it, and use your interest for him. I am, witli all respect, my Lord,
Your most humble and obedient servant,
•208. The Same to [The Same].
London, 5 August 1704.
]\Iy Lord, — I had the honour of yours of the 20 July by yesterday es
packet. The councell was mett be the time it came to me, so that I could
only gett a single word of my lord treasurer, as he came out. The Queen
went after she had din'd to Windsor, and my lord treasurer follow'd very
early this morning; so that I had no opportunity of representing what your
Lordship recommends to me. I design to go out to court to morrow or
]\Iunday early, and shall take the first opportunity of showeing the general
256 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPOSBENCE.
letter, and observe your direction in the return I make. I have not gott
Blacknes patent past, but I hope I may, and send it soon. I have a letter
from the Duke of Athol, and another from the Earle of Bute, desiring me to
}u-esent a memorial to the Queen against my Lord Montrose bargain of
Lenox, at least that part of it which carys a right to some few dutys of
Bute and Comra. It's my duty to do it, tho I had not the honour of being
related to the Earles children ; but I expected your Lordships orders about
it. which I juge may advance it as well as the Duke of Athols, if it appear
that my Lord Bute is to have any real prejudice. But the maner of convey-
ance being advised by the Queens Advocat, doubtless, her Majesty will give
no positive answere, till she has heard both sides. I do not hear of any posi-
tive resolution about a new parliament here ; neither can ther be any con-
jecture made which partie will prevail in the new elections, when they come
to 1)6 made. — I am, with all respect, my Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
209. Sir Andrew Forrester to [The Same].
London, 5th August 1704.
My noble Lord, — Having ever since your Lordships parting given my
C'tnstant attendance, as ther was occasion, here or at Windsor, in expectation
of the good effects of your so earnestly recommending me to my lord trea-
surers favour, I was (not a litle) surprised when his Lordship told me last
Tuesday at Windsor, that the Queen ordered him to pay me one hundred
pounds, which is not the fourth part of my expenses (to say nothing of my
trouble and friiitlesse attendance) ever since the midle of May last was tuo
ALEXANDER WEDDERBCRX, 1704. 257
years, wlien I was ordered by her Majesties then high commissioner to re-
paire hither, in order to my giving np the commissions, journalls, and other
papers relating to tlie treaty of union betuixt the tuo kingdomes in the
reigne of King Charles the Second, of ever blessed memory ; and at my re-
cieving that small summe I was oblieged to pay five pounds of exchequer fees.
Notwithstanding all which, it was no small encouragement unto me, when I
had the honour of paying my due most humble thanks to her Majestic, tuo
days agoe, at Kensington. Shee was graciously pleased to promise that,
after the coming up of her ministers from Scotland, the contents of my
memoriall shall be taken into consideration by her Majestic. Untill which
time I am to be (God willing) in a privat retirement, not farr distant in the
country. And if it sliall please God to continue my life till your Lordships
returne to this place, [I] will presume to depend on your wonted goodnesse
and favour to me and mine, for which I shall never faile to be witli all pos-
sible respect, due gratitude, and sincerity, as your most oblieged, so,
My thrice dear Lord,
Your Lordships most humble and most faithfull obedient servant,
210. Alexander Wedderburn to [The Same].
Windsor, 8 August 1704.
My Lord, — According to your orders I have read to the Queen the
memorial sent by your Lordship of the Earle of Butes case ; but her Majestic,
having only had information upon one side, did not think fit to give orders
for stopping the act of dissolution complain'd of, but only commanded me to
acquaint your Lordship that she has no doubt but the parliament, and parti-
258 THE CROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
cularly those of it who are intrusted by her Majesty with the administration,
will take care of her concern and of that of the nation. And she recommends
to your Lordship to consider of the most propper methods for preventing the
Earle of Butes meeting with any hardship ; but, on the other hand, her
Majestie's intention is, that dew regard be had to the Marquess of Montrose's
interest, and that he meet with no disapointment or unnecessary stopp in the
bargain he has entered into with Dr. Hamilton for the estate of Lenox.
I have orders from the Queen to draw a letter to the lords of the treasury,
in the terms your Lordship desires, for your more effectual payement ; and I
have obtain'd, as I think, Blackness's patent, tho her Majesty has it yet in
her hands. So soon as I can gett to London, I shall have both dispatched for
your Lordship. I show'd her Majestic the generals letter in favours of Mester
Stewart, which she said was a very good recommendation ; but I have no
orders to draw his commission, yet I doubt not with a litle patience it may
be had. I am sorry to find your Lordship diffident of your own interest
here, or at the pains to repeat these storys about changes ; indeed, my Lord,
I have no reason given me to credit any thing as to your being out of favour,
what ever may be conjectur'd as to others. I am, with all respect, my
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
211. John Paterson, Archbishop of Glasgow, and Alexander Eose,
Bishop of Edinburgh, to The Same.
Edinburgh, 12 September 1704.
May it please your Lordship, — As you desired, wee send this memoir to
your Lordship, which contains all wee judge necessarie to be done at present
JOHN^ PATERSOX, ARCHBISHOP OF GLASGOW, 1704. 259
for us and our clergy by the Queens Majesty, and which wee hope your Lord-
ship will judge proper and reasonable ; and M'ee humblie begg you may keep
it beside you for a remembrancer off the particulars tlierin contained, when
you offer our desires to her Majesty. Wee are verie sensible off your Lord-
ships kynd friendlines to our selvs and to our order, and flatter our selvs, or
rather promise our selvs, that by your Lordships good conduct (now that you
onlie are her Majestys secretarie off state for Scotland) and your kynd concern
for us, this that wee humblie propose wilbe effectuallie and presentlie done
for our and our distressed clergys releeff. Manie off us bishops must shortlie
part from this world, so that iff her Majesties bountie is not speedilie rendred
effectuall to us, it will come too late. Besides, manie off us are in extrem want
and straits, which calls for a speeddie releeff, without which wee cannot sulj-
sist ; and therfor wee hope your Lordships Christian compassion will move
you to obtain a seasonable and speeddie releeff to us, which God will reward.
Your Lordship will find, upon due tryall and examination, that the fund out
off the rents of the bishops is much narrower and shorter then you imagined
at first, which will make our humble proposalls in the enclosed memoir to
appear so much the more just and reasonable. Pardon this trouble, and
beleeue us to be, with the greatest respect.
May it please your Lordship,
Your Lordships most humble and most faithfuU servants,
My dear Lord, — I am more particular[l]ie concerned, 1°, to haue her
Majesty comand her gift to me in favors off my children to be passed,
260 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
which your Lordship knows is off 200 lib. sterling yearlie for 15 years after
my death out off the bishops rents. Non ought to grudge this, seing it is
indeed but a small part off my benefice, which I haue wanted now for more
then 15 years, and such as I hope sail signifie verie litle to me or mynes, and
must signifie nothing at all, iff episcopacie salbe restored ; 2*^, to haue my
sone Sandie kept in still to be one off the collectors of the bishops rents, as
he is in her Majestys late signed gift, tho not as yet passed the seal ; 3°, to
move the Queen to grant me 200 libs, sterling for the expenss off my last
jorney to court. I salbe content with it, tho ane archbishop had always
allowd 300 lib. sterling for that jorney. Her Majesty told D[uke] Queens-
berry and E[arl] Belcarres she wold order it how soon the last session off
Parliament sould be over, and it will cost your Lordship onlie to mynd her
:Majesty off it, and it wilbe done. My dear Lord, I begg your Lordship may
take a particular concern for, and care off me, and off my litle interests, and
off my desires to you by this lyne ; for I hope your Lordship in so doing sail
effectuallie doe for the interest off some off your owne, as I ... at parting.
I expect you will effectuallie and kyndlie doe for me, and I de[pend] on it. I
give my humble duetie to your good lady, the Countess of Weemes, at this
tyme. Your Lordship will give me a prooff off the sinceritie off your concern
and kyndnes for me and mine.
Adieu, humblie and kyndlie.
Pray forget not, my dear Lord, to give my humble duetie to your noble
worthie lady, my childrens chief off their mother syde, with manie thanks
for the good tablets she gave me at parting, which provd a great cordiall to
irie in my sicknes upon the road homewards.
To the right honorable the Earle off Cromertie, principall secretary
off state for Scotland, Whitehall, London — these.
JiJNEAS M'PIIERSOX, 1704.
212. ^NEAS M'Phersox, son of William MTlierson of Inveressie,
to [The Same].
September the 14th, 1704.
May it please your Lordship, — ^When I had the honour latly to kiss
your Lordships hands att pairture, I did not think I should soe soone have
occasione for your Lordships patrocinie ; for, as I told your Lordship att that
tym, I made a hard shift to leive vpon my small allowance without being
ower troublesome to my friuds. But now that, against all the rules of
charitie and true gratitude, my litle income is of a sudden stopt, and the
person who was in vse to advance it hithertoe ordered of late to make no
further payment, my condition is become so deplorable that, if by your Lord-
ships good help some speedie course is not thought off for my subsistence and
my pairtners, we shall not have a morsell of breade nor a hole to sett our
head in. In whicli extreamity I have no remaining shift but to petition her