William Fraser.

The earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 1) online

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INIajesty for some small mater to extricat me of my present straights. That
pilate may be justly reckoned weake that, missing of one shoare or harboure, has
neather the heart nor the head to make for an other. And howe're I might
have bin streatned in point of principle vnder the late reigne, for such reasons
as were told your Lordship at your country house, I hav had no maner of
scrouple since her Majesties accessione to the throne ; on the contrarie, after
my barbarouse vsage, have full freedome to take your Lordships advice in all
things, and render her Majesty any sorte of service within my power or reach.
And as for the merite of my cause, your Lordship may freelie tell her
Majesty, that except Sir John Maclean, ther is not one gentleman in the High-
lands has a juster title to the royall bounty ; for, not to goe back to remoter
a^res to instruct our families constant adherence to the crowne, my father,


William MTlierson of Inveressie, Avas the first that join'd the great Montrose
in King Charles the First his service, with a full regiment of his name, and
caried on the warr at his own charge, to the ruine of his fortune, till he was
killed at ther head at the battle of Aldern. Sir John, indeed, has lost a great
and oppulent fortune purlie for the crowne, which I acknowledg is more
than I can plead ; but I have lost an other, tho' not soe considerable, has bin
for many ane age the paternall fortune of our family, and for so much is as
well accomodated as any estaite or fortun in the Highlands, besids my com-
missions, which your Lordship knows were both great and profitable ; and as
for my personall sufferrings for her Majesties royall father, they have had
skarse a parraleale since the Revolutione : so that your Lordship having soe
much to say in my behallff, I shall make no maner of questione, but that on
this moveing occasion your Lordship may heartily imploy your interest to
save a gentleman from ruine inclins soe much to be your Lordships servant,
especially considdering that I propose no great maters to mysellff, nothing that
may putt your Lordships interest or frindship to the streatch. 40 or 50 libs,
may doe much to cleare all my scores in this place, and putt me above neces-
sity ; or if your Lordship could prevaile with her Majesty to order but halff soe
much in hand, and a guinie a weeke to subsist me and my family therafter, I
should be proude to owe so seasonable a favoure and my change of fortun,
above all mankind, to a person I am bound to honoure and esteem soe much ;
and dureing the residue of my tym be full of my acknowledgments, and reddie
to embrace any favourable opportunity to demonstrat to the world how much
I am, my dearest Lord,

Your Lordships most humble and most obedient servant,

M^. M^Pheksone.


213. John Paterson, Archbishop of Glasgow, to The Same.

Edinburgh, IGth September 1704.
My dear Lord, — I hope this shall come seasonablie, befor your Lordship
can haue a just opportunitie to speak to the Queen in favors off the surviv-
ing bishops and others off the episcopal! clergy in Scotland, to represent
that, as I am crediblie informed, her ]\Iajesty grants yearlie to the dissenting
ministers in Irland 1200 libs, sterling per annum to support them, out off her
owne revenue in that kingdom. King William first gave it, and her
Majesty now continues it. Kow it wilbe a mightie discouragement to us all,
and to all laicks off the episcopall perswasion, that her Majesty sould grant so
nnich to ministers off ane opposit opinion to her self, and off no loyall prin-
ciples, in lerland, out off her owne revenues, and that as yet litle or nothing
is allowd to the bishops and episcopall clergy in Scotland, even out off the
bishops owne rents. Iff her Majesty will secure the respective proportions
she hath alreadie signed to us the surviving bishops, and GOO libs, sterling
more for our inferior episcopall clergy per annum, to arise out off our owne
rents, and the superplus (so farre as our rents come short theroff) out off
a sure fond of her royall rents to us, it is perhapps a just proportion and
method off her royall charity to us, iff made effectual], and which I am per-
swaded her Majestys Christian and compassionat genius will franklie condi-
scend to grant us. I humblie begg, iff your Lordship thinks it fitt, to lay this
humblie befor her Majesty, to doe in it as her Christian charitie (which I
know to be truelie great and royall), as from me and as my humble request,
I say to doe in it as her JMajesty sail judge fittest. Pardon this renewd
trouble, and desiring onlie that your Lordship will kyndlie remember me,
and to doe for me and my children as I beggd by last, and as I wold most


cheerfullie doe for your Lordship and yours in such a case, I am, with the
uttmost respect and siuceritie, my dear Lord,

Your Lordships most obedient and faithfull servant,

Jo. Glasgow.

I sould be glad iff your Lordship and D[uke] Q[ueens]berry wold come to a
good vnderstanding ; for, iff I am not misinformed even by those who are
truelie your Lordships friends, you sail then come to be better stated then at
present you are with some others. But you are wise and knows best your
owne interest.

Some off our bishops, and manie off our inferior clergy, are in great want,
and indeed in a starving condition ; all our charitie at home is dreyed up,
and no releef arises to them now by it. God help.

To the right honorable the Earle of Cromerty, principall secretary
off state for Scotland, Whitehall, London — these.

214. Alexander Rose, Bishop of Edinburgh, to [The Same].

Edinburgh, September 19, 1704.
May it please your Lordship, — Som dayes agon I signed both a letter
and a memoir to your Lordship, both writen with my Lord Glasgow's hand.
I presume that they ar in the terms that his Grace and I communed upon ;
but, being abroad and not comming hom that night, they wer [not] sent to be
signed by me till near the time of the posts going of. I had scarce time to
read, far less consider them. Wherefor I beg to be pardoned in case there be
any matter of offence or indiscretion in either. My Lord, however avers I
have hitherto been to make known the lowness of my fortoun, through a
piece of blamable weakness, and perchance hurtfull to my self, yet now that


the necessities of my condition presses me, I must be plain to tell your
Lordship that it is full thrie years agon that I spent the last farthing of
my stock, having nothing to subsist by save the 100 lib. of the Queens
bounty ; and ther being nothing ordered for us last year, your Lordship may
easily conjectur what hardships I may now be under. The duety I ow my
family obleidges me to tell this sad truth, tho with the less reluctancy that it
is to a person of that honour who (as I am perfectly satisfied) is incapable to
make any other save a generous use of it, and is, besids, in such condition
to help my misfortoun. And whither this my griveous circumstance needs
your Lordships assistance, and pleads a consideration even beyond my
brethren, I humbly submit it to your Lordship. I shall not doubt to find
your Lordship well disposed to doe me a favor ; but, becaus to sollicit a
distinguishing on may perchance look partially and sound harsh, unless the
desire be supported by suetable reasons, I have therefor presumed to give
your Lordship the trouble of the inclosed memoriall with respect to my par-
ticular case, which I hop shall afford very just grounds whereupon to plead
a very valueable superplus of the Queens bounty in my behalf : and if there
be need, and your Lordship thinks fit, I am very willing that the Queen
shoud see it. I know that it occurs naturally to be asked how my condition
shoud com to be so much wors than that of my brethren, and the ansuer is
that, besids my mor numerous family and the greater chargableness of the
place I live in, tis known that most of them had occasion to make stocks upon
their rents, having possessed their benefices for many years, whileas I was no
sooner in then out, having entered immediately upon the Kevolution ; so that
what I expended upon my entrie, together with the providing what was decent
for my post, cam to be considerably mor then the rent I had a right to.

My Lord, I know not if the speciall gift obtained by my Lord Glasgow in
favors of his children be otherwais founded than his sufferings and the in-

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digency of liis family ; and if so, I hop your Lordship shall be satisfied that
som of us has a very good pretence to the like favor, and that upon the
justice of these grounds I may very honestly and as onerously put in for it.
But this, and what els I have truely represented to your Lordship, I humbly
submit to your better judgement, not doubting of som speciall instance of
goodness suetable to your Lordships temper, my pressing exigences, and the
humble request of, may it please your Lordship,

Your Lordships most faithful! and humble servant,

Alex"". Edinbuegen.

Your Lordship may readily know that Mr. Sage has don eminent service
to this church, and it wer no less honorable for your Lordship than neces-
sary for him that he wer particularly minded and encuradged.

Indorsed : "Bishops effaires — Bishop of Edinburghs letter, 1704."

215. Egbert Douglas, Bishop of Dunblane, to [The Same].

Dundee, 22d September 1704,
]\Iy Lord, — The confidence I have of your Lordships favor encouradges
me, and my present circumstances necessitats me to give your Lordship the
trouble of this line to sheu your Lordship that there are four precepts in
my favors — tuo granted by King William, and tuo by her present Majestie
— for a hundred punds sterling each, of all which I have not gott one
farthing. The lords of treasury were pleasd to give precepts upon the col-
lector of the Bishops rents, who absolutely refuses to pay them, and tells
that his commission is burthejid with so many other debts as exhausts him,
tho some of my brethren have gott punctuall payment. Therfor I humbly
intreat that your Lordship may be pleasd to consider my condition and my


numerous family, and to interpose with tlie Queen tliat I may obtain pay-
ment of these precepts out of some other fund, since the appointed fund
hath faild me. I shall trouble your Lordship no further at present, but
that I am, in all sincerity, my Lord,

Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,


216. John second Lord Belhaven to [The Same].

Beil, 24 September 1704.
My Lord, — It was my ill forton not to have the honnor of seeing your
Lordship befor you went for London. I thought to have waited upon you
as you passed this road of ours, but yow escaped the trouble of your freinds
convoys by leaping over the mountains, and scipping over the hills, in a
macliine of your own invention. I wish your Lordship may be as suc-
cessfuU in your invention of good and solid measurs for settling this poor
divided nation of ours. I know it will not be your fault, for I have heard
you with great satisfaction upon trew and right measures, particularly when
we went to Kingsington togither last tyme I was at Court to take my
conge. I have not the least dout bot you ar the same man still, and I
wish you good successe. I blisse God I am verie happie here at home,
bot yet I should have a better prospect of the continuation therof, if Eng-
land and we wer in better terms, what I think may be don with lesse diffi-
culty than many beleive it possible. I beleive you may comprehend me
weel enuff, having spoak of this to you formerly ; and therfor shall add no
more, save to tell you frankly and freely, that I am, in all sincerity, my

dear Lord,

Your Lordships most faithfull humble servant,



217. John Paterson, Archbishop of Glasgow, to The Same.

Edinburgh, 28 September 1704.
jNIy dear Lord, — T hope ere this arryves your Lordship hath procured
orders from the Queen to send downe the papers signed by her Majesty for
our releeff and support. Her owne gracious inclinations need onlie your Lord-
ships motion to send them ; and I hope her Majesty will order that whole
effair, as it is desired by the memoir the Bishop of Edinburgh and I sent
to vow, which I beg your Lordship may still keep beside you as containing
our humble proposalls on that matter. I depend on your Lordship to mynd
particularlie what more especiallie concerns my self— my sone Sandie, and
what the Queen hath graciouslie granted in favors of my other children after
my death. I write the more confidentlie to your Lordship for this, in regard
off what I said to you at parting. God blesseth the Queen signallie for her
charitie and bountie to the poorer sort off' the clergy in the Church off England,
and she is gracious to her enemies, the dissenting ministers in Irland, who
haue allowd them no less than 1200 lib. sterling yearlie out off her owne
revenue ; and it will prove hard iff her Majesty suffer the poor bishops and
episcopall clergy in Scotland to starve, when they may be subsisted and
releevd out off the bishops rents here, without burthening her royall revenue
in this kingdom. I am sure her Majestys Christian compassion and inclina-
tion for our releeff will help us. Tho the relict of the Bishop off Boss had no
lose by the revolution — her husband being dead long before it, yet she is a
bishops widow, and in want ; and therfor, iff your Lordship please to move the
Queen to grant to her 40 libs, sterling per annum out off the bishops rents,
after the surviving bishops are payd their allowd proportions, it wilbe a
suitable charitie. The Bisliop off Edinburgh thinks 20 or 25 lib. sterling
yearlie will doe wele for her in regard off the narrownes off that fond. This


will please also Charl. Chalmers. Here we haue E[arl] Roxburgh alreadie your
collegue in the office off secretarie, but I beleeue it not ; he is young, and 1
fancie no changes wilbe made off the Queens servants and ministers till after
the arryvall off Duke Marlborrough. I am still off opinion, and heartilie
wish it, after all, that D[uke] Q[ueens]berry and your Lordship sail doe best
to enter into a true friendship and good vnders tan ding; and others, wiser then
I, and true friends to your Lordships, are off the same mynd. I give my
humble duetie to your good lady, and am to your self, my dear Lord,

Your owne true humble faithfuU servant,

Jo. Glasgow.

A lyne from your Lordship in answer to the severall letters I haue latelie
sent wilbe kynd in you, and refreshing and acceptable to me, when your
Lordship can doe it.

It wilbe honorable for your Lordship, and a good eminentlie charitable
work in it self, to end our effair with the Queen, while you are single and
alone secretary off state ; and will give you the help off the prayers off manie
indigent, and indeed starving, pious and learned clergymen, and off their
languishing children and families.

To the right honorable the Earle off Cromertie, principall secretarie
off state for Scotland, "VVliitehall, London — these.

218. [Lady Christian Leslie, Dowager of James third Marquis of Montrose,
and wife of Sir John Bruce of Kinross, to Margaret Countess of

Kinrose, the 2 of Oketobour 1704.
I HEVE, my dear cousin, had a sevear returan of my colike, sins I urot to
you last ; and, althoghe I do att all occashions love to hear from you and to


uret, vett I most oune the moranfouU ocashion of this leter aflikes me, sins
it is to beg ernestly your interseshion withe your Lord for a remition to Sir
Da vett ]Murry of Stauope from her Majesty, uho heathe most unfortonetly
faleu iuto that sad axedentt of killing his oun groume, bieng so dronke as hi
was quett unsensable and kneue notheng of it nixtt day till hi was tould of
itt ; and whiche apears by his shouiting of him for no fait, bot beeaus the
servant kiped him from rayding an ounpasable pllace of a water in which hi
wold heve pereshed. The axidentt is sad and dismell, and I do believe no-
thing will suener gean him your Ladyshipe and Lords frendshipe, and her
Magestayes pardon, then knouing his greatt and just conserean for his mis-
forton ; and his pour lady, who is an exallentt woman, is under suche anexeity
also, thatt all of os that loves her dreads the bad consequenses of her justt
truble may indanger her lif, for shi is vere tender ; and noue her bieng
sepeeratt from him at this sad ocashion heghteans her disqueatt, for they heve
leved in grat love and frendshipe. And althoghe this misorable and sad
axedent heath noue fallen in to Sir Davets hands by drinkeng, hi is a vere
sobear, orderly, and a weall inclayned man ; and, by hes falling into this, we
si the mor what nid pipell lieathe to be gayded by the divin hand of an
onering God, and to axe his proteketion in and thoroue all thear aketiones.
I am manay ways conserned in this pouer jentellman, for hi was an ould and
good aquentens of my Lords, and noue heathe maried a vertious fin woman,
whom I love and estim, and to whom Mr. Bruce heathe the honouer to be
vere nearly related, whiche alon war grond anof for me to heve an onfenead
conseran. Bot all joynd mekes me want words to exspres the ernest disayer
I heve for yours and your Lords frendshipe to him ; and the jentellmans justt
and sinsear grif for his great misforton, mekes wan justly the mor hopfoull her
]Magestay will remitt, as a niersefoull God will, all troue penetents. Bot I
shall ad no mor, bot hopes for your granting the so ernestt requestt of, dearest.


219. [Sir James Mackenzie to his father, George first Earl of


16 December 1704.
My Lord, — Thursday night the captaine and crew of the English East
India ship (formerlie arested by our African Company) were apprehended,
and imprisoned, upon strong presumptiones of theire having murdered the two
Captaines Drummonds and the whole crew of theire two sloopes homeward
bound from the East Indies. These sloops sailed from Clyde about four years
agoe, upon an adventui^e partlie from the Company, and partlie belonging to
private adventurers. Severall letters and advices came from them, giving
account that they had made three or four successful! voyages from one port
in the Indies to other places, and were comeing home richlie loaden ; but,
after they left the Cape of Good Hope, they were never heard off till novr.
There appears many concurring circumstances that they were destroyed by
this ship. Its confidentlie said that some of the crew will be wittnesses, who
say that if the ship were searched, there will sufficient documents be found
for verifying this inhumane and barbarous fact, which will soon appear, for
African Borie is sent to Bruntiland to unload her. This storie hes been
whispered about these severall months, and some of the crew own that they
endevoured by all means emaginable to shun our coast, but were still forced
upon it ; and theire surgeon went in a vessel for London, and, after he was
half way thither, was blown back to the north of Scotland, and came overland
to Edinburgh the verie instant his companions were seized. There are many
more remarkable instances given whereby the hand of providence wonderfullie
appears for bringing to light this horrid viHanie. The way it was acted is



said to be thus : This English ship mett the two sloops on this side the Cape,
and haWng no force able to resist her, made them strike, after firing a broad
side on them ; and made them send theire long boats aboard her with the
priucipall officers, where they no sooner came but they eutt theire throats
with hatchets, and then threw them over board ; and then sent theire own
long boat aboard the sloopes, and treate all they found there in the same
manner. In short, there is alreadie so much discovered, that no bodie doubts
of the truth of it.

"\^^litelaws bodie was this night transported to the new church, and poor
Collonell Macgill was buried to-day. He was seized with an apoplectick fitt
on the streets Thursday night, and immediatelie dyed. Some say he was run
down with a coach, but the first is generallie believed. J. M.

Indorsed : " A Story of an odd Murder," and " Sir James letter of publick or
other mens busines."

220. James first Earl of Bute to George first Earl of Cromartie.

Rothsay, the of 1704.

My dear Lord, — Ever since my youth I had the honor of your Lord-
ships acquaintance, and the greatest value for, and trust in your frindship,
which maikes me (with much confidence) apply to you in any thing may be
for the service of the government and the interest of my family. When I
was last at London, your lordship was often speakeing of the government of
Dumbriton Castle for me; and because of the convenient situation and
nearness of my interest and f rinds therto, your lordship judged it for the
Queens service to put that garisone in the hands of my family, who wald


maintain and improve it for hir majesties interest as weel as any, and, with
that addition to our oune, wald be a check one any in tliat pairt of the
nation that designd to dissturbe the government. And any that knou tlie
west conntray, wil think it of the greatest importance to have that phice in
good hands ; and the treii use of it is lost when it is not in the posession of
a person that hes a considerabil adjacent interest, that wald imploy that and
his oune to serve hir Majestie one al occasions. Of this hir Majesties royal
grandfather was so senseibil, and so desyrous to have it in our familys
custody, that upon the increise of his Majesties troubils he sent doun tuo
men of warre to put my grandfather in posession of it, and his Majesties
enemys were so alairmed at it tliat they sunk boats in the chanel to stop
his passage to it. And it lyes so naturaly for me, that when I was last at
court, every body was expecting its being put in my hands. And nou when
it is vaicant, my experience of your Lordships frindship (that I never kneu
yet to have faild me) assures me you will in deu time represent it to hir
Majestie. And I hope hir Majestie, that has been graciously pleasd to
advance the honor of my family, and to be so mindful of the interest of it as
to tell your Lordship of hir royal intention to have a poast for me in hir
service, and to recommend my being provyded to your Lordship — hir Majestie
wil nou readily bestoue this smal mark of hir favor (a place, though of no smal
trust, yet of a mean salary, and feu perquisits) one a family that always
faithfulie imployd any trust and al the interest they had for hir Majesties
royal ancestors, and wil still be ready to haizaird ther lives and fortunes for
hir IMajestie and hir royal family.

Though it be my concern and deuty to be inquyring about your Lordships
health, and the good staite of your affairs, and your incouragements from her
Majestie to continoue in the toyle of so publick and diflficult ane imployment
for her Majesties service, the good of your countrey, and the benifite of your

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frinds and advancement oi the publick interest more then your onne private
fortune, and that I am sometymes getting accounts therof from others, yet,
when your leisure aloued, I should be satisfied to have it from your self, and
^Yhe^ein you could one any occaseon be served by,

My dear Lord,
Your Lordships much oblidgd, most faithful, and most humble servant,


Indorsed : " 1704. Earl of Butes letter to the Earl of Cromertie."

221. John Paterson, sometime Archbishop of Glasgow, to Geoege first

Earl of Cromartie,

14 July [circa 1704].
My dear Lord,— Not being able to come and wait on your Lordship, and
your gTeat effairs not allowing your Lordship to see me as yet, I humblie
begg, by a lyne, your Lordship may aquaint me with what her Majesty hath
orderd about the papers she graciouslie signed in favors off us bishops and
our poor clergy ; and as your Lordship did most kyndlie assist us in that
effair, so, when I left London, these papers were left with your self My
Lord Saint Andrews being dead, there will now be 300 libs, sterling more to
be given to our poor presbyters. Iff any alteration is made as to the manner
of conveyance off her Majesty's bounty, I know not, but I hope your Lord-
ship will see the matter made effectuall for our releeff as her Majesty

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