withe worldly ays, shi wold love me for loveng you, and bieng so reely con-
serned in you. So you may be shouer thes can only end with the lif of, my
Your mostt obliged humble servantt and cousen,
^Ir. Bruce goes over ons agean to apear in town, hot hi can hardly walke
in enay eaes, so I'm lothe to peart.
GEORGE FIRST EARL OF CROMARTIE, 1705. 289
234. Lady Mary Leslie, wife of William Lord Haddo, afterwards second
Earl of Aberdeen, to [George first Earl of Cromartie].
Kellie, October 11 [circa 1705].
My dear Lord, — I had the honour of your Lordships kind and obligen
letter last night. I would have answerd it then, but my fathers being going
away mead me delay it. I am very sory to think you are so neir and we
cannot meit. I dout not but if ye had a spaire day I would have the satis-
facsion of seing you hear. If I wer as well and able to travel as I have
been, I would come to Aberdeen and see you, since you cannot come hear
att this time. But the chear is so longsume I lay asside thought of travelen
eany way for this winter. I held very well out on the road, but heas been
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
extremly sick since I came hear, and vomets all my meat. I hop to hear
some times from your Lordship this winter, if your convena[n]ce can alow
you. A letter from you is very exeptable to, my dear Lord,
Your Lordships most obedient humble servant,
235. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar,
one of the secretaries of state for Scotland].^
23 October 1705.
My Lord, — I did not know of your hasty parting, but I did hast to
Abbay Hill to have kist your hands, and prayd for good and succesful return
to my Lady and your Lordship, which I did then, and rene\A'S now. My
Lord, I adventur to recomend my litle interests to your favour. Ex officio, the
intrant secretars should assist the exeant [to be] payed of his bygones. I want
^ Original Letter in the Mar Ciiarter-chest.
290 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
1 100 1. sterling of my very dues. I have herr Majesties letter for my self and
all succeeding secretars payments to be ante omncs ; and in justice it should
be so, for he most advance it, which all the other officers needs not doe, besides
many other reasons ; and consequently I, who was necessitat to borrow this
a vear agoe, should at worst be now payed, after those who satt at home
and near their own estate are payed for tearms since mine was due. A lyne
to hasten it and to pass my locality for reimbursing of my dear, dear bought
1500 1. may be past, since all others of the like nature are. I begg yow lay
these before the Queen, and I hope shee will doe whats just and favourable
for ane old calm Torie. My Lord, I designd to have informd your Lordship
concerning a matter of great importance to this nation, and especially to the
concerns of the African Company ; but the Earl of Stair told me that he had
fully informed both your Lordship and the Earl of Lowdon, and my letter to
the Queen (the coppy wherof is heerwith sent) will tell the whole effair.
Two things are necessar — dispat[c]h, but cheefly secrecy — for many will be
concernd, on particular designs, to defeat it ; so, except your selfs two, it
were weel if none else heard of it. Send the return under the Earl Stairs
cover, for wee shall concert and follow your directions. Major Sinclair and
Captain Breholt have been, and are at much expenc and travaiLl in this,
and they are weariing, and they are necessar in the effair. My dear Lord,
by many obligations I am faithfully
Your Lordships most humble and obedient servant,
236. John Eakl of Mar to [George first Earl of Cromartie].
London, November 6th, 1705.
My Lord, — I was very sorie I did not see your Lordship the day before
I left Edinburgh, but I was in such a hurrie, tliat it was not posible for me
JOHN EARL OF MAR, 1705. . 291
to wait of your Lordship, and I was not sure of my going til the very morn-
ing I went. I had the honour of one from you since I came here, and an-
other, on the road, directed to my Lord Loudoun and me. As to what youi-
Lordship wryts of your own affair, I shall lay it before the Queen the first
time I am with her, and I doubt not but she will do you justice. My
Lord Loudoun has wryten fully to my Lord Stair of the other affair, who
will show it you, so 'tis needless for me to give your Lordship any trouble
about it at this time. In both your letters your Lordship sayes that you
sent the double of your letter to the Queen to me, but you have forgot to
incloase it. I wish the two gentelmen you wryt of may have patience yet a
little longer, and not wearie. For, since secrecie is absolutly necessar in that
affair, it must take a little more time ; for if it were done just now, other
people than yet knows it behoved to be let into the secret. My Lord Stair
will explain this further.
I can give your Lordship litle news ; for, as I can learn, the parliament
here have not yet come to a fixt resolution as to our affair, tho I'm hopefull
it will take a good turn in a little time. My predecessor still stands out as
when he left Scotland, and, to say the truth, thers no body here seems fond
of perswading him to do otherwise ; for his reception at court, and from those
from whom he expected favour, was very indifferent : so 'tis very probable he
will return as he came, unless he alter very much his way. I shall be glade
to hear some times from your Lordship, and I hope you'll do me the justice
to belive that I am sincearlie, my dear Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionat cousin and most humble servant,
Indorsed in Lord Mar's handwriting, " E. Cromartie."
292 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
237. John Philp to John Stewakt, Under-Keeper of the Great Seal,
London, JSTovember 8th, 1705.
Sir, — I am very glade that you are returned safe to Edinburgh, for now
He expect to gett the Edinburgh news ; whereas before, I had no corres-
spondant but my wife, who is a very bad news monger. There is nothing
doeing in Scotts bussines ; the Marquis of Annandale is a working with his
English friends, but out of all measures with his Scotts fellow courtiers. He
nether visits the late commissioner, secretaries, or chancelor, nether doe they
him. Some dayes agoe I heard a story that Argyle gave him very base
names in his face, and, if he took that ill, bad him resent it ; and, that he
might have ane oportunity, told him he was goeing to the fields to walk.
He followed him out, but did not what he ought to have done. Loudoun was
with Argyle, and Major Dowglas was with Annandale. This is a great secret
here, though I beleeve it will not be so att Edinburgh ; but you need take no
notice of it, if you hear it not otherwise. My Lord is very kindly receaved
by her Majesty and his old friends here, and Argyle and he are very great.
The Duke of Queensberry is expected up. The parliament of England is
not lyke to repeal the aliene clause, but are willing to suspend it ; but this
will not doe our bussines. [Your] Lordship may send me up a state of my
Lords victuall accountt with Kincardine, that [I ma]y know whats owing him,
and send me up my Lords note to Brecco for the 90 lib., because it must be
ane instructione of my accounts. I expect by Baillie Linds assistance you
will raise the 200 lib. srerline, and draw bill on me for the same, and lay it
in the townes hands, as I wrott to you and him some posts agoe.
JOHN EARL OF MAR, 1105, 293
Bare thanks for your kindnes to my ^yife will not be sufficient, and there-
for shall delay further acknowledgements, till I have the honour of knowing
your beloved. Informe me particularly how my wife behaves, if she be
allowed a good room, and if she can give any enterteeinment to my friends
that see her, and what is the generall opinion of the towne : and doe this
with freedome, and tell me what her mother sayes of the chain I sent her.
I am. Sir,
Your most obedient and humble servant,
Keep Forglines letter till he come to Edinburgh, but give it not to his
To Mr. John Stewart, att Edinburgh.
238. John Earl of Mar, Secretary of State for Scotland.
London, November 10th, 1705.
Madam, — There are severall people applying for a gift of your Lord's
liferent escheat, but the Queen's servants, upon my speaking to them, are
very willing that nothing shou'd be done in it until your Ladyship and tlie
friendes of the familie were acquented, and that you wou'd be pleased to let
some of us know what ye desire to have done in that matter ; and whatever
ye can demand in justice your Ladyship may be assured will meet with all
favour. Any service that lyes in my power I ow to your Ladyship and your
familie, for I am, Madam,
Your Ladyships most obedient and most humble servant.
294 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
239. [Me. John Philp] to Me. John Stewart, Under-keeper of the
Great Seal at Edinburgh.
London, November 17, 1705.
Affectionate Comeeade, — Mrs. Sydserf writes me that my wife is very
angry, because she did not hear from me for ten or 1 2 dayes. I acknowledge
she might justly be so, but you know since I left Edinburgh I have not
omitted a pacquet but two or 3, and, in your absence, I sent my letters under
'Mv. Andrew's cover. I am perswaded my letters are miscarried, for my wife
has not writt to me all this week, by which I fear a storme, if some happy
hitt of providence doe not prevent it. I hope her gold chain is come safe. I
have given my wife some bussines, — to receave lOG lib. from Richard Murray,
and ane year and a halfs annualreut of 800 lib. from Provest Cuninghames
brother of Irvine. I have bidden your Mr. Andrew gett Moubrayes note for
a litle money he ows me, and give it her. Your advyce will be taken on
all these particulars, and be sure to preserve peace att home.
What you have done as to my bussines with Baillie Lind is most reeson-
able, and better than I could have projected. I find the advantage of such good
friends. Give him my humble service, and tell him it is not possible to gett
50 guineas by the pacquett, as you proposed, and I shall writt him when any
thing materiale is done about the treatty. My Lord delayes to give directions
about his bussines with Boynd till Eorgline return, but he will be the better
that he hear from Cullen and Mr. John Montgumrie.
Upon Thursday the House of Lords was upon considering the state of the
nation, and there one of the Lords proposed the calling over Princess Sophia.
The Queen understanding that this w^as to be in, she went to the house and
stayed the whole time of the debate. The High Church were for bringing her
over, and the Low Church against it, and the debate fell without any effect.
GEORGE FIRST EARL OF CROM ARTIE, 1705. 295
You may tell my Lord Fiudlater to send you the newspapers after he reads
them, that you may send them to my Lady Seafield, and in the mean time
may serve you and my cousine, Mr. Wattsone. I have no further to trouble
you this night, but bid you adieu. The reason why I did not write last post
was, that being engaged with Captain Peter Campbell, Adam Smith, and
Coline Campbell, wee made ourselves incapable drinking the Baron of Bristoll's
health, which is the Duke of Argyles English title, and all our other friends.
For ]\Ir. John Stewart, under-keeper of the great seal, att Edinburgh.
24-0. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar, one of the
secretaries of state for Scotland].^
17 November 1705.
My Lord, — I had the honor of yours, and I acknowledg the favour of your
minding my litle concerns so minutly ; but my straits, by what necessitatly
expended in that (to me) unhappy station, that if at least herr Majesty be
not pleased to give some peremptor ordor for paying now what should have
been pay'd to me at Mertimas 1704, it will very much hurt me: nor is it
just, that of salaries equally due, and yet more, when in justice and by the
Queens express appointment the secretaries should be payed primo loco, all
others should be pay'd so long before him. As to that of my locality for
1500 L, all others of the like uatur, and mine stopt, it is hard, if I have not
offended ; and the Queen promised to hear me, ere shee would beleev any accu-
sation : and I have been too long serving the crown, unchallengd of failure
(except of haveiug too much zeal for it, for which I have sufferd), to be now
ether guilty, or condemned unheard. My Lord, I hope your Lordship will
lay this before herr Majesty, and that herr royall pleasure may determine it.
1 Original Letter in the Mar Charter-chest.
296 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
My Lord, a man without doors can say litle to purpose of the publick trans-
actions, and I never was, nor will I now beginn to be, ane intruder, that beeing
odious to the Generall Assembly, and against both claime of right and act of
parhament. Yet I may say over ane old prayer of mine : God send a solid
Vnion in, and of, Brittaine ! — for I am sorly afraid, and firmly perswaded that
such will, only will, secure Brittaine, and deliver old Scotland from its many
complaints. If England will give us free trade with them and theirs, and take
oi the act of navigation, at least, if they extend it to ships of Scots-built, in so
farr I should be pleased, for I hate a ruptur or division with England more
then I doe other greevances on us. But I will not hope thes two untill
England give me sure grounds to hope so. As to factions, animosities,
emulations, the itch of place and pension, dissimulation, false calumnies,
small and great pox, feavers and consumptions, both in nobility and the other
two states, I cast my account, and patienza ! The D[uke] of Q[ueensberry]
hath a great loss in pretty Lady Mary. There is nothing of publick or
peoples humor to be decernd, untill the decisions of our estates-mens de-
bates open our eyes, and lowse our tounges ; for at present all are at gaze in
sullen silence. It is talkt heer, that the Lord Eoss is to buy from Mr.
Francis Stuart his taylie to Bellingowns estate, so that the Lord Eoss is to
be restored to be Earl of Eoss. If so, your Lordships goodems kinn may sell
their estates in that earldome, and many besides them, who have been as faith-
tull, and as able to doe it service as ever ane Earl of Eoss was ; and it will be
as great a cause of Highland disturbance as ever was affoorded in Scotland,
and may be of as long duration. And for eviting of which obvious evils there
is ane peremptor act of parliament be King James the 3d, statuting that none
but the Kings second sonne shall ever be Earl of Eosse, — what made King
Charles 2d recall a patent given by him on that cause. This I thought not
to inform your Lordship of, both because of your station and your relation to
HENRY HYDE, EARL OF CLARE X DON ^ 1705. 297
very many concernd. And since I am on this purpose, I have inclosed a
proposition of another nature, of no hurt to any, and, as I think, convenient
for the crown, — which consider, and move in it or not, as your Lordship
judges fitt, only lett none know of it who will not be for it ; and excuse this
too great incroachment on your tyme by, my Lord,
Your Lordships most obedient humble servant,
241. Henry Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, to [George first Earl of
London, November 20th, 1705.
My Lord, — I have too long delay'd returnieg my thanks to your Lord-
ship for your letter of the 11th past, and for all your favours in minding the
concern of my grandchildren, and particularly for appoynting Mr. Mackleod to
be our factor. I humbly aske your Lordships pardon for my omission, which
I hope you will forgive. I have had an account from Mr. Mackleod of his
proceedings, with which I have reason to he well satisfyed ; and I have
return'd my answer to him by this post. I am in great hopes to have her
Majesty's favour in giving a new grant to my grandson, which will obviate
all doubts ; and, as we proceed, I shall take the liberty to informe your Lord-
ship, and begg your assistance in perfecting it. I shall not take upon me to
give your Lordship any account of our publick affairs, knowing you will be
inform'd thereof by more authentick hands ; soe that I haue nothing more to
add, but to beseech your Lordship to believe that I am, with all possible
respect, my Lord,
Your Lordships most faithfull and most humble servant,
298 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPOXDENCE.
242. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar, one of tlie
secretaries of state for Scotland].'-
22 XoveniLer 1705.
]My Lord, — This letter is intended for my owne particular. Our late
sitting in councell makes it short ; and yett 1 most beginn with ane unex-
spected occurrent in councell. Two border Earles were vying gainst one
another for building of kirks (it may be long or I have the like to writt of
us Highlanders) ; but the 2d was that in that cause the Earl of Stair, the
Earl of Morton, Lord Haddo, Earl Dunmore, and your Lordships humble
servant, defended a presbitery and its act, and the justice clerk, Mr. Er.
Montgomerie, and Earl Lauderdal impugned. However, as the ryot was with
out blood, so the decision was without sting, and all ended in moderation ;
to which end may wee all be brought. Now to my purpose. Except honest
Jo. Maculloch, I owe not a bill in London, but what was yesterday pre-
sented, and this day were registrat, in ordor to further prosecution of my true
depurst money, and ordored by herr Majesty, with the excheckers preceptt,
and the cashkeepers acceptance, which is 1100/., and should have been payd
a year agoe. If this, or the half of it, had been payed, I had keept my credit.
Xow I am thinking to goe to the Abbay, albeit other ministers pensiones due
posterior to mine be answerd, which is no good president for statsmen who
may goe out, as I have : nor is it just that a secretar, who most lay out,
should be post pond to those whose salary is clear gaine. My Lord, allow
me to intreat that the Queen may be pleased to know that I with humility
think I am barbarously used, and, if I deserved no riches, yet I most say
' Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.
JOHN EARL OF JfAJi', 1705. 290
I never deserved such uiiusuall hardship from the crown nor royall family^
For I frankly owne to your Lordship that, if tlie 1100/. due to me at Mer-
timas last be not soone payed, and very soone, I most runn for slielter :
and this besides my dear bought 1500/. of locality, and my 300/. due for
Whitsunday last, as justice generall ; and tho useless servants be turned
of, there is a justice that pleads payment of bygones. Necessity presses me
to press thus and on that accountt at least excuse it to, my Lord,
Your Lordships most obedient and most humble servant,
243. John Eakl of Mae to [Geokge first E.vrl of Cro:*iartie].^
London, November, Wensday 28th, 1705.
My Lord, — I wou'd not have been so long silent if I cou'd have answered
the pairt of your letters you are most concern'd in sooner ; but the Queen
has been so taken up with her affairs here that she has not yet got much
time to think of Scots bussiness, but in generall. I represented to her IMajesty
some dayes ago what your Lordship wrote to me of the money owing you.
She spoke very kindly of your Lordship, and ordred me to wryt in her
name to the treasurie, that what was indue you of your pensions as secre-
tary shou'd be pay'd as soon as posiblie they can ; which I have done to my
lord treasurer deput, and incloased it here to your Lordship, Be pleased to
seal it with some fancie, and order it to be deliver 'd as your Lordship thinks
rit. As for your 1500/., your Lordship must have a little patience ; for you
know the treasurie is just now so poor that, until they recruit a little, it is
' From a contemporary copy indorsed by tlie Earl of Mar, in the Mar Cbarter-cliest.
300 THE CEO MART IE COREESPONDENCE.
imposible for them to pay even the present servants selleries. For my own
shair, I have not got a sixpence, and am affraid I will not in haste ; but in a
short while the treasurie will have more money (the taxmen being just now
superexpended), and then I doubt not but the Queen will give orders for
paying your Lordship too. Wherein I can serve your Lordship, I assure you
I shall not be wanting. If any body say otherwayes of me, I beg your
Lordship may let me know it, that I may vindicat myself ; for I wou'd be
extreamlie concern'd that your Lordship, of any body, shou'd have such an
oppinion of me. I thought the incloased letter w^ou'd do as well as a letter
imder the Queen's hand, which made me not press it when the Queen pro-
posed my wrytiug by her order ; but if your Lordship get not payment by
this, for which I wou'd be very sorie, I shall get a letter under the Queens
own hand, or do any other thing for it your Lordship shall propose. But I
hope there will be no need of this.
I considred the proposall your Lordship sent me, and shou'd be very glade
it cou'd be brought about both upon your Lordships account and my own ;
but all bussiness here at this time is done by concert of the Queens servants
present, and not by any particular one. I'm loath to speak of it to any, for
the poorness of the treasurie wou'd certainly be objected, when just now we
cannot get payment of our own selleries to live on ; and so the thing wou'd
take air, which might prejudge it at a more favorable opportunitie. Ther-
fore, until I see that offer, I will not speak of it, in which I fancie your
Lordship will tliink me in the right : if not, pray let me know it and advise
me how to act in it to your satisfaction. As to that proposall for my Lord
Ross, I never heard of it til I got your Lordship's letter. You may be sure
if ever I do, I shall advertice you, but I cannot think he can designe such
a tiling. Your Lordship knows I'm a M<=kenzie, and their intrest shall
never suffer where I can help it.
JOHN EARL OF MAR, 1700. 301
I doubt not but your Lordship is well pleased with the procidings of the
house of Lordes in relation to our affair. Both Whig and Torie joins now in
it, tho some of the Tories proposed to clog it with our act of security. Their
frankness is a good omen to tlie treatie, and I have reason to belive that it
will meet with little or no opposition in the house of Comons. I hope their
repealing the prohibatory clauses of their act, as well as that declairing us
aliens, which we addrest for, will make people in Scotland better pleased, and
to barken to reasonable proposalls of accomodation. I find liere that no
union but an incorporating one relishes. I know your Lordship has long
thought that the best. I wish you cou'd perswad others of it too. I belive
there will be greater difficulties amongst our selves after the treatie to adjust,
than what we'll have with the English in the treatie betwixt us. Your Lord-
ship wou'd be mightily pleased to see the good disposition in every body now
here towards that matter, tho indeed 'tis but a late : for, when I came here
first, I confess I almost dispaird of their complying with our desire ; yet I had
still some hopes, as 1 wrote to your Lordship, and now tliey have exceeded
mine and every body's else. I hope this treatie, like to begin so well, will
have a happier end than all the former, and so put an end to our misfortouns
and complents. I shou'd be glade to hear from your Lordship how people in
Scotland takes this. I just now hear that the Lordes have redd the repealing
bill a second time and comitted it, and I belive they'll send it down to the
Comons to morow, who are to consider that matter by 1 1 aclock, so in a few
dayes it will probablie be ended. I wryt this to night, in case 1 shou'd be
prevented to morow by any accident ; and I know your Lordships affair at
this time does not admitt of a delay, which I'm very sorie for, and wishes it
were in my power to help it, for in all sincerity I am, my Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionat cousin and most humble servant.
302 THE C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
244. George fiest Eakl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar, one of the
secretaries of state for Scotland].^
6 December 1705.
My Lord, — This day I had the honor of yours, with a token of your
kind remembrance of my concern in your letter to the Earl of Glasgow, I
find the Queen is pleased to delay lierr ordor as to my dear dear bought
1500/. I regrate mostly in it that, tho I hope herr Majesty expresses no
anger in the delay (for I doe presume that I never deserved that at Queen
or Kings hands), yett all others haveing gott theirs past of the samne nature
with mine, and mine the only one stopt, and now the only one that is delayed,