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The earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 1) online

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above a score of others, went to the house of the Bishop of Eoss, where
Lord Tarbat discharged all friendshij) for him, on the alleged ground
that the Bishop had written a letter to the Archbishop, accusing Lord
Seaforth, Lord Tarbat, and the Laird of Cromartie, of disaffection to the
Church Government ; exonerating the Bishop from that charge ; inti-
mating that on the strength of Lord Seaforth's assurances given to his
Grace personally of favour to the settled order, the latter had solicited
the Earl of Middleton's influence with the King for the bestowal of a
special fruit of his royal bounty on his Lordship ; and expressing his
regret that such experiments should have been first attempted in Eoss,
where they were least expected, and begging them to consider the
effect which such contempt cast upon the Bishop by the chief persons
of his diocese would have. 12 th September 1665, . . . .11



1G77.] C ROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE. Ml

Page

9. Sir James Macdonald of Sleat, Baronet, to Lord Tarbat, complaining of the

conduct of the son of the former. 15th December 1666, . . .15

10. John first Earl of Middleton to Lord Tarbat, approving of his Lordship's

conduct in his employment. 16th June 1668, . . . .IS

1 1 . James Sharp, Archbishop of St. Andrews, to Lord Tarbat, expressing his

confidence in his Lordship's views relating to the church, king, and
country, and his Grace's value of his worth, and good wishes for his
welfare ; intimating that he had availed himself of an opportunity
to speak to the Duke and Duchess of Lauderdale, who had expressed
themselves favourably towards him ; and suggesting the desirableness
of Lord Tarbat's paying a visit to Court. His Grace concludes with
stating that the measure of his friendship to any one was according
as he found them affected towards the Church as then constituted,
and offering to employ his best endeavours in his Lordship's interest.
21st November 1674, 18

12. James Gregorie, Professor of Mathematics, Edinburgh, to Lord Tarbat,

with ol)servations on the theory of winds, and on the expense of
telescopes, barometers, and thermometers. 27th January 1675, 20

13. Henry Oldenburg, Secretary to the Royal Society, to Lord Tarbat,

thanking him for certain papers written by Professor James Gregorie,
and communicated by his Lordship to the Society for insertion in
their Philosophical Transactions. 24th May 1675, . . . .22

1 4. Professor James Gregorie to Lord Tarbat, enclosing the preceding letter.

8th June 1675, 23

1 5. Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy , afterwards first Earl of Breadalbaue, to the

Laird of Cromartie [Urquhart], expressive of his desire to be of service to
the Master of Eeay in his cause before the Lords of Session, and his hope
that no one would make use of the Laird of Cromartie's power over him
to lay him aside in the Master of Reay's cause, etc. 18th May 1677, 24

16. Murdoch Mackenzie, Bishop of Orkney, to Anne Sinclair, Lady Tarbat,

expressing his admiration of her husband's good fortune in having been
blest with " such ane perfect consort ; " praying that God might be his



Page
Lordship's chief counsellor to direct his courses in the present crisis of
public affairs, and assuring her Ladyship that he would promote the
views of Mr. Colin Dalgleish, whom she had recommended to him,
whenever an opportunity occurred in his diocese. Describes the
climate of Orkney as being " wake and moistie." Circa 1677, . .26

17. Donald Macdonald, and eleven others of the name of Macdonald, to

Lord Tarbat, expressing their resolution on account of the differences
daily arising between Sir James Macdonald (of Sleat) and his son, Sir
Donald, and their failure to pay off almost any of their vast debts, to
separate the estate from them both, except a reasonable maintenance
to each, with the view of retrieving the affairs of the family ; and to
that effect requesting that his Lordship would invest them with legal
powers to intromit with the estate, and to prevent Sir James and his
son from disposing of any portion of it. 2d February 1678, . . 27

1 8. Kenneth, third Earl of Seaforth, to Lord Tarbat, with congratulations.

7th August 1678, .30

19. Donald Macdonald of Moydart, Captain of Clanranald, to Sir George

Mackenzie, Lord Clerk Kegister, thanking him for kindness to him

in his affairs. 8th June 1682, 30

20. John Werden to Sir George Mackenzie, Lord Clerk Eegister, concerning

the affairs of East New Jersey, in America. 4th January 168|, . 31

2 1 . Robert Barclay of Ury to the Same, concerning some business with

Calder, and asking him to recommend the affair of Jersey to Middle-
ton. Ury, Sth of the 7th month, 1684, 32

22. Sir George Mackenzie and other Lords of the Secret Committee to

John first Marquis of Athole, Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Lieutenant
of Argyllshire, directing him to take the Laird of Ardkinlas to Glas-
gow, and send suspected persons to Edinburgh. 28th August 1684, , 33

23. The Same to the Same, expressing their satisfaction with the proceed-

ings of the latter, and stating their views as to counteracting Argyll's
insurrection, etc. 6th September 1684, ...... 34



1684.] CROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE. 31i>



24. Sir George Mackenzie, Secretary to the Secret Committee, to the Same,

with news relating to Argyll's rising, and measures to be adopted.
17th September 1684, 'M<

25. George Viscount of Tarbat to the Same, intimating that ammunition

was ordered to be sent to Balquhidder ; and expressing an earnest
hope that Argyll would not fix his quarters in Argyllshire so as to
be between the Marquis and the ships. 22d May 1685, . . . .37

26. The Same to the Same, advising him not to withdraw, lest if he did so,

Argyll might lurk among the mosses till the rebels assembled in multi-
tudes to him ; so that it would be best to fight and beat him then.
27th May 1685, .38

27. The Same to the Same, regarding the cruising of frigates at Mull and

Kintyre. 5th June 1685, ........ 39

28. The Same to the Same, intimating that he had sent him regular supplies

of provisions for the army, etc. 24th June 1685, . . . .39

29. The Same to the Same, in reference to the proceedings of Lochiel in

connection with Argyll. 6th August 1685, . . . . . 4Ct

30. The Same to the Same, farther in reference to the proceedings of Lochiel,

Keppoch, and Glengarrie. Circa 1685,. . . . . .41

31. Alexander Earl of Moray to Lord Tarbat, informing him of the King's

and Duke of York's satisfaction with the accounts he had given of
Spence and Carstairs. 15th September 1684, . , . . .42

32. William Carstairs to the Lord Register, asking his aid to relax the

strictness of his confinement in Stirling Castle. 8th October 1684, . 42

33. Alexander Earl of Moray to the Earl of Perth, Chancellor, with in-

structions from the King to connive at Lady Melville's possessing the
moveables belonging to her husband, who was to be declared rebel.
11th November 1684, 4M

34. John Earl of Breadalbane to the Lord Commissioner, intimating that

he had arrived at Balloch, and issued orders to his men in Breadal-
bane to meet him at Strafillan, and thence to march to Argyllshire and
make a head for such Highlanders as would appear for the King, the



320 ABSTRACT OF THE [1685.



Page

gathering-place being at Glenurchy, near a strong castle on Lochow ;
proposes to attack Auchinbreck's house ; and requesting a commission
to raise the cadets of his family, etc. 20th May, circa 1685, . . 44

35. John Earl of Melfort to George Viscount of Tarbat, denying having re-

fused to join with him in Lord Melville's behalf, as the Earl of Moray
had represented. A postscript mentions that Monmouth was taken in
Dorsetshire. 9 July 1685, 47

36. Donald M'Donald of Benbecula to the Same, anent payment of a debt of

1000 merks. 25th July 1685, 48

37. Dr. J. Gordon, London, to the Same, with details of his method of curing

the ague. 24th May 1687, 49

38. Hugh Dallas, Writer, to the Same, regarding teinds and Avrits of the

estate of Cromartie. 3d June 1687, . . . . . .52

39. The Honourable Alexander Melville, afterwards Lord Eaith, to the Same,

asking him not to side against Lady Wemyss, his aunt, in respect of
hearing Presbyterian ministers. 14th September 1687, . . . 53

40. John Earl of Melfort to the Same, hoping the King would reward him

for his conduct in the war. Circa 1687,. . . . . .54

4 1 . George Viscount of Tarbat to his son John, Master of Tarbat, about the

repairing of Tarbat House. 16th January 1688, . . . .55

42. J. M'Dougall of Dunolich, and thirteen others of the name of M'Dougall,

to George Viscount of Tarbat, respecting Dunolich's affairs, etc.
April 1688, 57

43. Colonel John Hill to the Same, with his opinion of the state of Ireland.

19th August 1688, 58

44. J. M'Dougall, Dunolich, and others of the name of M'Dougall, to the

Same, thanking him for services to the family. 15th September 1688, 60

45. Kenneth Earl of Seaforth to his uncle, George Viscount of Tarbat,

thanking him for assistance in his present trouble ; and anent a peti-
tion to the Earl of Portland. 25th October circa. 1688, . . .61



1690.] CROM ARTIE CORRESPONDENCE. 321

Page

46. Major-General Hugh Mackay to George Viscount of Tarbat, intimating

that he had written to the Earl of Portland that the Viscount was
afraid of being misrepresented to King William III., and had assured the
Earl that the Viscount entertained a fervent zeal and desire to see the
government of this kingdom established in their majesties ; begging the
Viscount to lose no time in gaining over Lochiel, and to assure the latter
from him of the King's favour if he would show himself active in break-
ing up the Highland combination ; stating that seven or eight hundred
Macdonalds had joined Dundee at Inverness, etc. 8th May 1689, . 61

47. The Same to the Same, intimating that upon information that the Master

of Tarbat, his son, was very much suspected, he had sent his nephew
to seize his person, that he might keep him at Inverness ; referring to
the propriety of filling up the vacant sheriffship of Ross by some
one on whom the Government could rely; that none of the Mackenzies
had come near him but Coule and Redcastle ; and urging his Lordship
to write earnestly to all in the North with a view to break up the
Papist party, and advance the King's service. 20th May 1689, . 62

48. Kenneth Earl of Seaforth to his uncle, George Viscount of Tarbat,

about complaints the latter had made as to his conduct. January 17,
circa 1690, 63

49. Kenneth fourth Earl of Seaforth to Colonel John Hill, thanking him for

his friendly sentiments. 30th May 1690, . . . . .64

50. Colonel John Hill to Kenneth Earl of Seaforth, requesting him as a

friend not to join any of those who were in arms in the hills against
the King and Queen, or suffer them to come to him, otherwise he would
be proceeded against as an enemy. 19th June 1690, . . .64

50. The Same to the Same, stating that he had received his Lordship's letter
by Sir Thomas Southwell, and hoped soon to get anything that looked
like a grievance to his Lordship removed, having written thereanent
both to the Lord Commissioner and to Lord Tarbat ; assuring him
that the soldiers would soon be removed from his house of Erahan
and from Chanonry, suggesting the latter as the fittest place for his
residence meanwhile. 19th June 1690, ...... 65

2 s



Page

5 1 . Isabella Countess of Seaforth to her brother, George Viscount of Tarbat,

entreating him to procure for her a warrant to remain at Chanonry till
her son should arrive there ; also that he would get the garrison re-
moved from Brahan, and Chanonry freed from the quartering of soldiers,
as in that case her son might come and live there ; and desiring time
to provide the four months' cess then due. 28th June 1690, . . 66

52. Ann Sinclair, Viscountess of Tarbat, to her husband, about the payment

of Maye's money ; mentioning that a ship had broken to pieces enter-
ing the " Sutors," loaded Avith iron and other goods, and that the people
had got very good pennyworths of it, she herself having sent to
secure the anchor and best rope ; and informing him of the efforts she
was making to obtain money for farm produce, in order to meet their
necessary expenses, etc. Castleleod, 21st July, aVcrt 1690, . . 67

53. John first Marquis of Athole to George Viscount of Tarbat, about a debt

due by him to Lord Lovat. 18th August circa 1690, . . .69

54. Ann Duchess of Buccleuch and Countess of Cornwallis, and Charles Lord

Cornwallis, to David Earl of Leven and George Viscount of Tarbat,
about ministers for parishes in their lands, in special, Hawick, Castle-
ton, and Canonbie. 16th September 1690, . . . . .71

55. Hugh Lord Lovat to George Viscount of Tarbat, about a debt due by

him to Lord Kinnaird, and one by the Marquis of Athole to him, as
tocher. 22d November 1690, 72

56. Colonel John Hill to William first Duke of Queensberry, intimating that

he had got £1000 from Edinburgh to pay his men, and 500 bolls of
meal in a ship from Greenock, and that the worst men he had were
now unwilling to leave him ; also that a day had been appointed for
taking the vote upon Lochiel's and Keppoch's proposal to the associated
chiefs to lay down their arms and submit to the Government, which
he expected Avould be carried ; and giving an account of the state and
news of the West Highlands. 25th December 1690, . . .72

57. Hugh Lord Lovat to George Viscount of Tarbat, about his debt to Lord

Kinnaird, and the valuation of his lands. 26th December 1690, . 74



]G91.] C ROM ART IE CORRESPOyDENCE. 323



Pagft

58. Margaret Erskine, widow of Sir John Mackenzie, to her son, George

Viscount of Tarbat, complaining of the deeds of one of the Lords of
Session. Circa 1690, . . . . . . . . .75

59. The Same to the Same, sympathising with him in his trouble, and re-

commending him to submit with patience to what had befallen him
from God Almighty, as it was no more than was common to men ; and
though he had enemies he needed not to care if God was his friend ;
enclosing as a legacy to him a trinket of Lammermoor gold, which
she got from his father, and recommending him not to part with it
" unless at a strait." Circa 1690, . . . . . . .76

CO. Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun to George Viscount of Tarbat, for informa-
tion about improvements in husbandry, and the barking of trees, etc.
17th April 1691, 77

61. Robert Mackay to the Same, with account of the battle of Aughrim.

13th July 1691, 78

62. Elizabeth Duchess of Gordon to the Same, complaining of Captain Hugh

Mackay 's garrison in Badenoch, especially their wasting the forest of
Gaik. 16th July 1691, 79

63. George first Earl of Melville to the Same, acknowledging the receipt of

letters from him, through Dr. David Gregorie, with items of news, etc.
25th July 1691, 80

64. David Gregorie, Professor of Mathematics, Edinburgh University, after-

wards Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, to the Same, with
congratulations on the Master of Tarbat's judicial acquittance, stating
that, in consequence of the Viscount's letters, Lord Melville had always
been very kind to him, and that he felt assured the Master of Stair, who
was in the camp in Flanders, would also do him all kindness ; that he
had two competitors for the chair of astronomy at Oxford ; and that
the only one who was entirely on his side was Mr. Newton of Cam-
bridge. 27th August 1691, 81

65. Colonel John Hill to the Same, intimating that Lochiel had come in to

him, and was gone to the sheriff to take the oath, and that he thought



324 ABSTRACT OF THE [1693.

Page
Lochiel would be able to bring in Keppocli, Maclaine, and Appin ; re-
questing his Lordship to assist Lochiel in his affairs, and suggesting
that some time should be allowed beyond the first of January to settle ;
and expressing his belief that they would never get the country settled
till they had a sheriffdom as formerly ; mentions in a postscript that
Duke Gordon's tenants of the Macdonalds in the Brae had submitted ;
also Badenoch ; and that there were none thereabout to take course
with but Keppoch, Macintosh's tenants, and Glengarry; that they
could easily be alike with the Glencowe men ; and the Appin people
were for settlement. 28th December 1691, . . . . .82

66. Sir John Maclaine to the Same, about submitting to the Government,

and rendering his house of Dowart and fort of Kernburg, which Lord
Argyll had been ordered to reduce ; also about quartering on his estate
for dues since the Revolution. 30th March 1692, . . . .84

67. From Robert Mackay to a Lady, with his experiences of women of

quality, especially in the campaigns in Flanders. 9th July 1692, . 85

68. Margaret Countess of Wemyss to George Viscount of Tarbat, anent Mr.

"Wishart to be minister of South Leith. 15th July 1692, . . . 86

69. John, Master, afterwards first Earl of Stair, to the Same, about King

William's policy in church and state ; a letter from the Duke of
Hamilton, etc. 17th July 1692, 87

70. John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury, to the Same, about the state

of affairs in Scotland. 24th September 1692, 89

71. John Marquis of Athole to the Same, about his debt to Kinnaird through

Lovat, and a summons and charge of horning by Prestonhall. 23d
January 1693, .90

72. William Duke of Queensberry to the Same, expressing his wish for peace

and quietness, with news oi his family, 23d February 1693, . . 91

73. James Earl of Airlie to the Same, asking his Lordship to excuse him to

the Parliament for absence, being so infirm that he had not been able

to go to his own garden that sj^ring unsupported. 13th May 1693, . 92



1693.] CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE. 325

Page

74. James first Viscount of Stair to the Same, expressing his regret for the

loss of Mr. Gibson's father, adding that there was none alive of those
who sat on the bench at King Charles's restitution but the Viscount
and himself ; that he was so entangled in business, after ten years'
absence, that he could not go East at that time, but had written to his
son David to influence Fountainhall, and others of the lords in town, to
give a meeting for receiving Mr. George, the Viscount's choice, of whom
he highly approved. 17th July 1693, . . . . . .93

75. John, Master, afterwards first Earl of Stair, to the Same, anent aff"airs in

Scotland, chiefly the comprehension of the Episcopal clergy by the
Presbyterians; and other public matters. 20th July 1693, . .93

76. Patrick Lord Glammis, afterwards Earl of Strathmore and of Kinghorn,

to the Same, on a matrimonial alliance proposed by his brother.
14th August 1693, 94

77. John M'Kenzie to the Same, giving an account of Colonel Munro's

death, and the unhappy circumstances of his widow, the Viscount's
niece ; that the Colonel, after escaping without wounds in the action at
Landen, contracted a fever in the camp at Lewbeck, of which he died,
and had left his widow in difficulties, on whose behalf it would be neces-
sary to make application to the King ; together with the scandalous
behaviour of the Colonel's soldiers. 7th September 1693, . .95

78. Jane Mackenzie to George Viscount of Tarbat, her cousin, requesting

his favour to secure to her niece, Barbara Sinclair, a portion out of
her brother May's fortune. 10th October 1693, . . . .97

79. James Mackenzie, afterwards Lord Roystoun, to his father, George

Viscount of Tarbat, with account of his voyage from London to Briel ;
and travels thence to Rotterdam, Delft, The Hague, Leyden, and
Utrecht ; with notes on the sights of the various places, and expense
of living at the college of Utrecht. 18th October 1693, . . .98

80. John, Master, afterwards first Earl of Stair, to George Viscount of Tarbat,

on King William's inclination to protect the northern clergy, and the
good eff"ects that would follow the Episcopal clergy and laity taking the
oaths. 24th November 1693, 101



326 ABSTRACT OF THE [1693.

Page

8 1 . Jolin first Earl of Breadalbane to the Same, expressing his conviction
that the Viscount and other friends believed that all industry had
been used to ascertain if it was practicable to get him and others to go
up to London, to assist by strength of reason to convince the King
that ill-judged measures had been taken, and ought to be rectified, but
that this was found impracticable, and that they next endeavoured to
ascertain how far it was resolved to prosecute the bigots' designs of
laying their party aside, and that it had been so managed that the
King had declared his pleasure not to make any such alteration as was
apprehended ; that to have got this without staying, or Mr. Carstairs
taking it to avizandum, was very fair ; that the probable commissioner
had told his Lordship that he was not for the Episcopal clergy taking
oaths until the General Assembly first received them into their num-
ber in omnibus. 7th December 1693, . . . . . .102

<'^2. Lady Mary Campbell, Countess of Breadalbane, formerly Countess of
Caithness, to the Same, about a bond that concerned her son Colin ;
giving details of his education. 30th January 1694, . . .103

S3. John first Earl of Breadalbane to the Same, intimating that he (Bread-
albane) had lost for ever his influence with the presbytery, so called,
for ]\lefFen ; that the pretence found out for rejecting the pluralities'
call was that those signing the call were not qualified, — had not taken
the oaths, and that he foresaw the Presbyterians might thereby get into

i their hands the planting of all the vacancies of the kingdom; and

describing that, and the disarming all Highlanders, and dismounting
all Lowlanders, as "prudent moderate advices;" adding that perhaps
the King would, at Winchester, declare his pleasure for the General
Assembly, as he had taken it to avizandum. 8th March 1694, . .105

84. William Duke of Queensberry to the Same, of his illness during winter,

and other news. 19th March 1694, 106

8'). Charles first Duke of Lennox and Eichmond to the Same, expressing a
hope that the esteem his father, the King, had for his Lordship would
induce him to be a friend to Mr. Bell, whom the Duke had appointed
to inspect his affairs in Scotland. 1st June 1694, . . . .107



1G9.5.] CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE. :v21

86. James Earl of Arran, afterwards Duke of Hamilton, to the Same, for his

friendship in a cause of his sister Dundonald's. 4th December 1694, 107

87. ]\Iajor Robert Mackay to the Same, about his promotion in the army,

etc. 20th December 1694, 108

88. ^Eneas Mackay to the Same, thanking his Lordship for recommending

him to the command of the forces in Scotland. 28th January 1695, . 109

89. George Viscount of Tarbat to William Carstares, asking him to second

his desire to the King to retire ; and give him a letter securing him,

in his person, estate, and pension. 16tli May 1695, . . .110

Follows a letter to the Lord Chancellor allowing his Lordship to retire,
and commanding his yearly pension to be paid.

90. The Same to the Same, expressing his wish for a settled church ; and

his opinion that it was for the King's interest to have a moderate Pres-
byterian ; recommending the Earl of Melville for some mark of favour,
and asking for himself a remission of all crimes, as he saw that faults
were fished for in others. 11th June 1695, . . . . .112

91. The Same to the Same, as to the Presbyterian party; regretting the

Master of Stair's success against Earl Melville, whose family were the
best fitted to direct the true Presbyterian party; adding his own
intention to retire ; and that his fault had been trying to get the Epis-
copal clergy to address and take the oaths, which he found to be of
no effect, for the two parties would not unite. 25th June 1695, . 113

92. George Earl of Sutherland to George Viscount of Tarbat, mentioning the

death of Anne Viscountess of Arbuthnot, the Earl's daughter ; and ask-
ing his Lordship to further a petition to Parliament for the guardianship
of her children. 1st July 1695, 115

93. Address to George Viscount of Tarbat, by the Magistrates, Council, and

Community of the burgh of Fortrose, conveying their thanks to his
Lordship ; asking his further aid in getting a settled minister ; and
giving him and his family a desk in the church. 7th September 1695, 1 1 6
9 4. John first Marquis of Tweeddale to his son, John Lord Yester, informing
him of news brought by packet, that the King had called all the Scotch



328 ABSTRACT OF THE [lOOr..

Conncillors to wait on Iiim, iluil. eleven of tlidin were called into his
closet at s(^ven to t,nvn jui a(!coimi of what had i)assed in ParliaTnent,