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The earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 2) online

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wish some French may land, so as to take Loudun in the rear. The dis-
persing that body wou'd be of singular service. As your lordship's letter was
deliver'd to me just as I was ready to seal up one of my own to the Prince,
I inclosed it under the same cover. I have just now spoke to Mr, Sullivan
for arms for the men your lordship intends to send hither. He tells me he
has already delivered 108 on your Lordship's order, and that there are no
more ready at present. There are several in the gunsmiths' hands, and as
soon as they are mended they shall be given to your Lordship's men. I have
the honour to be, with all possible respect, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.

To the risht honourable the Earl of Cromartie.

417. Pass and Protection from George third Earl of Cromartie, in
favour of the Heritors, Farmers, etc. of Ross-shire.^

By George Earl of Cromertie, commander in chief of his Pioyall Highness
Charles Prince of Wales's army, north of the river Buley.

These are requiring all officers of his Roy all Highnesses army, and all
others whome it concerns, to allow all aud sundry the heritors, tenants,

^ From CuUoden Papers, p. 273.


and possessors of the shire of Eoss that are employ'cl in carrying their
farm meal, to pass to and return from Inverness to their respective homes,
without any molestation to theu^selves, servants, horses, etc., hereby certify-
ing that such as countervene these, or give them disturbance of any kind,
shall be highly culpable, and punish'd accordingly. Given at Dingwell, this
7th of March 1746.


418. Sir Thomas Sheridan to George third Earl of Cromartie.

Inverness, March the 11th, 1746.
My Lord, — I am informed that there is one Eory Mackenzy, a Pres-
byterian minister, going into Eoss. I cou'd wish your lordship woud order a
strict eye to be had upon him, and have him narrowly searched, and then
well watched, that he does not make his way towards Loudun. I begg of
your lordship to give what orders you think proper about it, without com-
municating to any body the information given you by one who is, with the
greatest respect, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.

I have received a letter from his Eoyal Highness himself, wherein he
assures me of his recovery.

To the right honourable the Earl of Cromartie,


419. The Same to The Same.

Inverness, March tlie 12tli, 1746, nine in the morning.
My Lord, — I received the honour of your Lordship's last night, but liad
already found, upon enquiry, that the man in question was still here, and
tliere are orders given for taking him up. However, I wish your lordship
woud still cause a good look out to be kept, in case he shou'd escape us ;
for I hear from several hands that he is a very dangerous fellow.

The Prince continues to grow better and better. I hope this will find
your lordship in the midst of victory. The dispersing of Loudun's troops
wou'd be of the utmost consequence for the King's service, and I heartily
wish your lordship may have the honour of doing it ; being, with the greatest
respect, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

' Tho, Sheridan.

To the ridit honourable the Earl of Cromartie. , • .

420. The Same to The Same.

Inverness, March the 15th, 174G.

My Lord, — I am order'd by his Royal Highness to let your lordship know

that, since circumstances will not allow you to think of pursuing Loudun, the

best thing that can be done for his service is, that you shou'd continue at Tain

till farther orders, and lose no tmie in raising and gathering together all the


money, meal, and men that you can, — money especially. I have the honour
to be, with all possible respect, my Lord,

Your Lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.
To the rioht honourable the Earl of Croniartie.

421. The Same to [James Duke of Perth].

Inverness, March the 15th [1746].
]\Iy Lord, — I am order'd by his Eoyal Highness to let your Grace know
that, since according to the informations he has received, there is no possibility
of pursuing Loudun beyond the water, he desires you woud return hither as
soon as you can. I have the honour to be, with all possible respect, my

Your Grace's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.

422. The Same to [The Same].

Inverness, March the 16th, 1746.

My Lord, — I received this morning a letter from John Eoy, writ by
directions from Lord John Drummond and Mr. Murray, of which I shall here
transcribe the first paragraph.

" Information being got yesterday that about sixty Campbels and thirty
of Kingston's Horse were at Keith, and to stay there all night, Lord John
Drummond order'd Major Glasgow, with about 200 foot piquets of the diffe-


rent corps, 14 of the Guards, and some Hussars, to march there in the night
and attack them, which accordingly was done with success. They attack'd
them about one of clock in the morning, and the whole are either killed or
taken : the exact number killed is not yet known ; I believe about 20 or so :
the rest are all in our camp. Only three of our side killed, and some
wounded."— Thus far John Eoy. The letter is dated March the 21st,^ 12 of
clock. There is not a word mention'd in the rest of the letter about Cum-
berland or his motions, so that it is hoped we shall have time enough to
make clear work in other places. I have the honour to be, with all imaginable
respect, my Lord,

Your Grace's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.

423. James Duke of Perth to George third Earl of Cromartie.

Taine, the 16 March 1746.
My Lord, — Your Lordship will be surprised to receive an express from
me so soon after our parting ; but the occasion of it is a letter I have received,
in the Prince's name, calling me back, as their was no hopes to pursue my
Lord Lowden further. As I did not know from whence such information
came, I took the liberty of opening a letter addressed to Mr. Sulivan, which
he could not receive, not being here, and which I send inclosed here. You
will see by it, that the opinion of the uselessness of our jurney came from a
letter Mr. Sulivan writ before he knew the circumstance of affairs ; but you
know that since, he has been quite of another opinion ; therefore I think it
would be absolutely nescessary for you to write that so far from being impos-
sible, now that both the ships are out of the w-ay, it is very easy, not only in

1 Sic.


case the Murray boats come up, which I think it would be easy to send, but
even with the few boats that are in Cromarty bay, and that before it be two
days, if they do not send us other orders, they will hear tell of our having
done something, and that it will be a pity to hinder us without absolute
necessity. There is one thing that I must tell you for incouragement, which
is, that some of the Fraisers have been speaking to them over the ferry, and
that they say they are in absolute want of meal, and that they have nothing
but rye to boile for meat, and begging for a litle meal, which shows they are
in a situation which will not be long agreable to them. I beg you would
present my most humble respects to my Lady Cromarty and the young
Ladys, and the inveterate Whigg, and believe me to be, with sincere regard,

]\[y Lord,
Your lordsliip's most obedient humble servant,

To tlie right honourable the Earl of Cromerty.

424. The Same to The Same.

Taine, the 17 March 1746.
My Lord, — 1 received your lordship's letter, and am glad to hear you will
be so soon ready. There is one thing I heard that I thought nescessary to
inform you of, that severals of them have cried over to our men that severals
of them would come over to us if they could, but that the oars are shut up ;
which makes me writ that you may bring as many spare oars as possible, in
case we should get the boats of the ennemy without finding their oars.
Baresdale is come here for amunition, as he says he is ordered upon an im-
portant pass, and that they have no amunition, and are affraid of being over-
powered at such a distance without amunition, and chase to deffer marching


for this day without an absolute repeated order from you, in expectation of
having amunition to-morrow. In case there be an absolute necessity, you'l
send word, and I shall see them off. I beg you would present my humble
respects to all in general at your house, both Whiggs and Torys. I am, witli
the sincerest regard, my lord.

Your lordship's most obedient humble ser\"ant,

To the right honourable the Earl of Cromarty, at Tarbat House.

425. Sir Thomas Sheridan to George third Earl of Cromartie.

Inverness, March the 17th [1746], nine at night.

My Lord, — I have received the honour of your lordship's of this day,
and laid it before his Eoyal Highness, who orders me, in return, to tell you
that, as you give no reason why you think the project for attacking Loudun
by the Murray boats not adviseable, and that he has already given orders to
provide those boats, he is determined to see what can be done upon that
scheme. If it shou'd prove not practicable, why, then what you propose
shall be undertaken : for Loudun must be dispersed, at any rate. His Eoyal
Highness wou'd willingly send you the guns you desire ; but as he has
neither carriages nor mounting for them, they can be of no use to you. The
powder and ball you desired was sent off this morning, escorted by some of
Glengary's men, I have the honour to be, with the greatest respect, my lord,
Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.
To the right honourable the Earl of Cromartie.

Let no man stop the bearer, or touch this letter, as he will answer the


426. The Same to The Same.

Inverness, March the 17th, 1746, eleven at night.
My Lord, — I had the honour to write to your lordship about two hours
ago, in answer to a letter brought me by a servant of yours, and told you
what his Eoyal Highness thought of the contents of it. There is since
come intelligence which confirms him in his opinion, and you will soon
see O'Sullivan, who will carry you what you want. The bearer of this will
talk more fully to you. I have the honour to be, my lord,

Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.
To the right honourable the Earl of Cromartie.

427. James Duke of Perth to The Same.

Taine, the 18 March 1746.

My Lord, — I am glad to see by your letter that our project is in such
forwardness ; but I beg of you to remember that it will be absolutely nesces-
sary to give the troops here some previous warning to be in readyness, under
some other pretext, at a certain hour, or else I am affraid it may be trouble-
some, for an instant lost for want of their being ready might be of the greatest
consequence. And therefore I wish I could know in time, the proper hour of
the execution, and whether it will be this night or to-morrow night that it
can be execute, that I may give orders about it accordingly. If you cannot
come yourself, send somebody you can trust, with proper instructions to con-
cert the thing. One other thing [which] will be nescessary will be guides,
when we come of the other side of the water. As for the proposal about

vol. II. 2 D


meal to the collonels, as it wiU not be long before they undertake something,
it is better not [to] run the risk of desobledging them. As for the meal, I do
not doubt but they will bee perswaded to take it ; but I am affraid they will
insist upon the overplus to be payed them immediatly. But Lockgary has
been here, in his way to Inverness, to seek his pay. I stoped him from going
there, and told him that I was to order him meal in the meantime, til Mr.
Sulivan should come. He is to speak to his men about it. I shal expect your
answer about the first ]>art of my letter immediately, and am, with the most
sincere regard, my lord.

Your lordship's most obedient and most humble servant,


As the Prince orders his meal to be given, it is absolutely nescessary to
have a girnel here in town, and to send in immediately meal into it.

To the right honourable the Earl of Cromertie.

428. Sir Thomas Sheridan to [The Same].

Inverness, March the 20th, 174G.

My Lord, — This is to inform your lordship that the bearer of this, Mr.
Petrie, is sent by his Eoyal Highness to assist you in raising what contribu-
tions can be hoped for in Rosseshire, and to ease you in some measure of that
troublesome sort of business, whilst you are taken up with an affair of mucli
greater consequence.

I am order'd at the same time to let your lordship know that, a few
hours ago, there arrived here a gentleman, dispatch'd by the Duke of York,
who brings the strongest assurances of support from the Court of Prance.


This gentleman, who sail'd from the Brill on Friday last, assures [ns] that the
whole Irish Brigade had actually put to sea ; that two ships only had been
taken, and none of the rest put back into any of the ports of France. He
adds, that there was certainly a fleet of 36 French and Spanish men of war,
and 28 large privateers, sail'd from Brest ; which agrees perfectly well with
what has been already mention'd in some publick prints. I have the honour
to be, with all imaginable respect, my lord.

Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Shekidan.

429. The Same to [The Same].

Inverness, March the 2 2d, 1746.
My Lokd, — I am ordered by his Eoyal Highness to wish you joy of your
late success, which he hopes you will continue to make the most of, particu-
larly by raising what money you can in Southerland. He also desires you
wou'd forward the inclosed to Lord Duffus. I cannot omit this occasion of
acquainting your lordship, that on Friday night the ennemies quarters at
Keith were beat up, and near a hundred of the Campbels and Kingston's
Horse (that is all that were there), were either killed or taken. I have the
honour to be, with all possible respect, my lord,

Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,

Tho. Sheridan.

430. Colonel John O'Sulivan to [The Same].

Invernesse, 27th March 1746.
]My Lord, — There are two men of war and five transports seen roading
all this day from Findoron towards Cromertie Bay, and this evening it is


thought they are gone into Cromertie Bay. As there may be some men
aboard those transports that may land in order to seize on the armes or goods
that are at Taine, or perhaps to send those transports to the Little Ferry to
seize on the ships, it is necessary to give your orders in all the postes, that
they may be on their guarde. It is proper likewise to give orders to trans -
porte, as soon as possible, the goods that are in the stores at Taine. Glen-
gary's regiment received orders to stay where they are until further orders,
so that your lordship may dispose of them as you think proper, provided
they do not passe Taine.

His Eoyal Highness orders me to inform your lordship of this. Nothing
presses from the borders of Spey as yet ; so that I expect you'l have time
to re[a]ssemble the Caithnesse men, disanne the others, and gether meal and
as much money as possible.

I found his Royal Highness in parfait good health, and mighty well satis-
fied with all your opperations. I have the honour to be, most sincerely, my

Your lordship's most humble and most obedient servant,


431. The Same to [The Same].

Invernesse, 28th March 1746,
My Lord, — His Eoyal Highness just now received advice that three men
of war, three transports, and a smal sloop, arrived yesterday into Cromertie
Bay, and that the first man of war sailed directly to Inerberakie. It is
thought they had some information that part of the goods brought from Taine
were deposed at the storehouse of Inergordon, and that their design is to
seize upon them. If really the goods are left at the storehouse of Iner-


gordon, it is necessary that Glengaray's regiment shou'd be quartered near that
place, and have a strong guarde on the storehouse ; and, to frusterat their
dessigns, to loosse no time to order the carriges of the contry to send of, as
soon as possible, what effects are there to this town. "We are informed,
whether grounded or no, that there are no troops aboard those transports,
and that they came to transport Louden and his army to joyn at Aberdeen.
Be it as it will, it is necessary to take right precautions and be very allerte.
The common news here is that Due William has burnt all the fourage that
was in his neighbourhood, and is thought that he's retireing : we have no
certainty of this. I have the honour to be, with respect, my lord.
Your lordship's most humble and obedient servant,

J. 0'Suliva:n.

432. Pass by Sm Everard Fawkenek in favour of Isabella, Countess
OF Cromartie, and Family.

[24th April 1746.]
Permit the right honourable the Countess of Cromartie, the ladies
Isabella, Mary, and Anne jSP^Kenzie, her daughters, their servants, equipage,
horses, etc., freely to go from hence to London, by sea or land, as will best
suit their conveniency.

Given at Inverness, April the 24, 1746.

By his Royal Highness's command,

Everard Fawkener.

To all his Majesty's officers, civil or military.


433. Order by William sixteenth Earl of Sutherland, Justiciar of tlie

County of Sutherland.

[Tarbat House, 24 April 1746.]
By the right honorable William Earle of Sutherland, heretable justiciar
of said county, &c., and as haveing commission from his Eoyall Highness
the Duke of Cumberland.

These ar ordering and commanding that a serjaint and twelve men of the
militia companys from Sutherland shall and doe reside and continue at the
mannor place of New Tarbat, as a safe guard for the said house, effects
within the samen, office houses and gardens therto belonging, so as no dam-
nadge be done therto by any person or persons whatsomever : With certifica-
tion, that whoever offers violence to that or any other part of the estate, shall
incurr the displeasure of his Eoyall Highness the Duke of Cumberland.
Given under our hand and seal at Tarbat House, the twenty fourth day of
Aprill 174G years, and in the nineteenth year of his Majesty's reign.


434. Lord Hardwicke, Lord High Chancellor of England, to Lord Strange

(Duke of Athole), requesting him to attend the Trial of the Earls
of Kilmarnock, Cromartie, and Lord Balmerino.^

House of Lords, 30th June 174G.
My Lord, — 1 am commanded by the House of Lords to acquaint your
lordship that they have appointed William Earl of Kilmarnock to be tryed
on Monday the twenty-eighth day of July next, at nine of the clock in the

' Original Letter in the Duke of Athole's Cliarter-cliest.



morning, upon the bill of indictment for high treason found against him : And
George Earl of Cromertie to be tryed on the same day, at ten of the clock in
the forenoon, upon the bill of indictment for high treason found against him :
And Arthur Lord Balmerino to be tryed on the same day, at eleven of the
clock in the forenoon, upon the bill of indictment for high treason found
against him. And that your lordship's appearance and attendance at tlie
said trials is required, upon pain of incurring the utmost displeasure of the
house : and that, in case your lordship shall be incapable of attending, by
reason of sickness or other disability, you are to send two witnesses to attest
the same upon oath. And I am also directed to acquaint your lordship, that
the lords are summoned pursuant to an act of the 7th and 8th year of King-
William the Third, intituled " An Act for regulating trials in cases of treason
and misprision of treason." I am, my lord,

Your lordship's humble servant,

Hardwicke, C.
To the right honorable the Lord Strange.

435. Copy of — (1.) Letter of Sir John Gordon to Sir Dudley Rydei;,
Attorney -General : (2.) Petition of John Lord Macleod : (3.)
Eeference of Lord Harrington : (4.) Sir Dudley Eyder's
Answer to Sir John Gordon.

Tower of London, late Friday night, 29th August 1746.
To the right honourable Sir Dudley Eyder, attorney general, &c.

Sir, — In consequence of what Mr. Sharp told me yesterday, at your
house, from you and the solicitor-general, I drew the inclosed petition for
my unhappy nephew, the Lord MacLeod, and waited this morning upon Lord
Harrington with it ; who, touched with the case, immediatly carried it to


Kensington, where he laid it before his Majesty, and in consequence of his
royal approbation, his lordship did, upon his return from court, direct Mr.
Weston to write the reference that is upon the back of the petition, which he
sign'd, leaving it to you. Sir, to give such directions in this matter as you
should judge proper.

As the case of the poor boy is justly compassionate, and as there is no
time to lose, I came in here directly that he might sign his petition and
engagment to remove as much as we could all difficulties. And as I flatter
myself you will be of opinion that no essential inconvenience can, in this case
at least, arise from postponing the arraignment of the boy, I hope you will be
so good as to give Mr. Sharpe the proper directions to stop his taking out
now any habeas corpus for the removal of my nephew upon Tuesday next,
or for any day preceeding the day of his trial and judgment.

To my anxiety you'll please impute my presuming to trouble you in
your retirement with business, by sending down the bearer express to you,
while in the country, with this letter. And from your humanity, which will
tell you how forcibly and strongly persons who have hearts must feel for their
near relations in distress, even while they condemn the actions that have
justly involv'd tliem in it, I hope for forgiveness for my thus intrudeing upon
your leisure. I always am, with great respect. Sir,

Your most obedient humble servant,

(So sign'd) John Gordon.

(2.) The Humble Petition of John Lord MacLeod, son to the late

Earl of Cromertie,

Most humbly sheweth,

That your petitioner was upon the 26th instant served with a copy of the

indictment found against him for the crime of high treason ; to which charge


your petitioner, full of the deepest remorse and contrition, has resolved to
plead guilty, throwing himself absolutely, with the utmost penitence and
humility, upon his Majesty's royal clemency.

That your petitioner, now a prisoner in the Tower, is to be removed from
thence by habeas cmyus on Tuesday the 2d day of September next, in order
to be arraign'd at the special sessions of oyer and terminer, and goal deli-
very to be then held in the borrough of Sonthwark and county of Surry ; and,
as he is informed, he cannot be remanded back to the Tower, but must, after
his arraignment, be committed closs prisoner to the new goal in the said
burrough and loaded with irons, there to remain till he takes his trial.

That the said goal is crouded with prisoners ; that the petitioner appre-
hends his life will be in danger from feavers and other distempers incident to
goals, — especially considering his youth and his present very uncertain state
of health from his long confinement.

Therefore your petitioner humbly prays that he may be allow'd to remain
in the Tower till the day of trial ; for he is informed he may be arraigned the
same day, which can be of no consequence or inconvenience, as he hereby
becomes engaged to make use of no advantage that might arise from the
delay of his arraignment, but instantly to plfead guilty, whenever arraign'd,
and not to offer any thing in arrest of judgment.

And your petitioner shall ever pray, &c.

(So sign'd) Macleod.

Whitehall, 29th August 1746.
(.3.) His Majesty is pleased to refer this petition to the attorney general,
to consider of the contents of it, and, in case he finds no inconvenience in
doing it, to give directions according to what is therein pray'd.

(So sign'd) Harkington.

VOL. II, 2 E


(4.) Copy of Sm Dudley Eyder's Letter to Sir John Gordox.