my first attempt. But, as I am persuaded it is by arts different from such
as have been emploied these forty years past, that you are to be prevailed
upon, 'tis possible the most experienced may find themselves full as much
at a loss.
^ This Lord Elibank was bred a lawyer,
and also chose a military life. He was
author of several tracts on the Peerage of
Scotland, and other subjects. His lordship
was a man of talent. He died on 3d August
177S, in his 76th year.
246 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPOXDENCE.
I have felt the weight of ministerial resentment oftener than once ; and
as I never stooped to any unbecoming means of lessening the Imrthen, I beg
leave to assure you that no consideration shall hinder me from doing my
uttermost to support you in your endeavours for the publick good ; which,
since I am sincerely convinced you have at heart, I am, Sir, with the greatest
Your most obedient and most humble servant,
457. John Lord Macleod to [John Mackfa'zie of Meddat].
Ballencrief, the 11th September 1758.
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SiK, — I have been in this country for some weeks to pay a visit to my
friends, and wou'd have been very glad had it been in my power to see my
friends in the north : but as that is not possible, I beg that you'll give my
kind service to them all, and assure them that it shall always give me great
joy to hear of their wellfare. I beg that you'll go to Tulloch before the
Michalmas head court, and give my service to him, and tell him that I hope
he'll pay some regard to the two letters which I wrote to him about giving
his interest in the town of Dingwall to my uncle, Sir John Gordon, and that
I depend so much upon his friendship as to assure myself that he will, upon
this occasion, gratify me in a thing that I have so much at heart,— especialy
as it is so much for the interest of the town to prefer Sir John to a stranger
who can care nothing about them. You'll speak in the same stile to
Bailly Alexander Mackenzie, and to every body else of the Town Council with
whom you think my recommendation can be of any weight, and assure them
that I shall take their giving their interest to my uncle as tlie greatest per-
sonal favour done to myself, which I shall always be ready gratefuly to
acknowledge upon every occasion that can offer. I set out to-morrow for
BRIGADIER-GEXERAL JAMES MURRAY, 1759. 247
London, where I shall stay some weeks. I shall be very glad to get a letter
from you there, to know how you and your family do, how things go in
Dingwall, and all the news of the country.
My sister joins with me in our kind service to you, to the Mistress of
]Meddat, and to all your family. I am, Sir, your most humble servant,
458. Brigadiek-Gexeral James Murray, son of Alexander fourth Lord
Elibank, to his brother [Kear-Admiral George Murray].
Quebec, October the 11th, 1759.
My dear Brother, — The news of the battle of Quebec w^ill have reachd
you long before this can come to your hands. I had too great a share in it
to condescend to particulars ; because I hold it odious to speak of one's self.
I have the honour to be appointed Governor of Quebec and the conquer'd
country, which is a noble one indeed, — infinitely beyond what any Britain
imagin'd it to be, whether for the fertility of its soil, or number of its inhabi-
tants. I have now serv'd two campaigns under three oificers who were put
over my head, and I don't find I have got a regiment yet, tho I have
had the strongest assurances from the ministers. I think I cannot miss it
now, and I believe my enemys will agree that I have earn'd it. I enjoy
great health in America : the cruel disorder in my estomach is entirely cured.
It was certainly nervous, and the severity of the Nova Scotia frost braced me
up, and has made me the strongest man in the army. Tell Elibank that I
think my self now above poverty ; and therefore, without being suspected of
flattery, I may assure him that I love him as a brother, and shall not for the
future reject his correspondance. If you, or he, or any of you, have any body
248 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
in my M'ay to provide for, you may command me. I have ever loved you
all, tho none but your self and the Fergusons have acted with that friend-
ship I might have expected. I left orders to send Petty Ferguson to the
accadamy at Wolich : I hope it was done. I mean to push him in my own
profession. I am sure if I live I shall have it in my power, and when I die
it will not be the worse for him that I had the care of him. Pray, my dear
George, let me hear from you in the spring, and write sometimes to my dear
wife, who has been too much neglected by all my family but yourself. I have
taken it into my head you will hear good news from me in the spring. I
am making provision of snow shoes for a winter expedition, and will not
allow the Chevalier de Levi to be quiet in his cantonments. I have an eye
to his magazines. I liave six thousand as brave troops as ever existed.
Business may and shall be done with them, that those who have hitherto
deprived me of my preferement may repine at it. Your old acquaintance
Saunders is much my friend. He is a worthy brave fellow ; and if it lys in
your way, I wish you w^ould wait upon him, and let him know how much
I think myself obliged to him. INIake my compliments to all my relations
about you, and be assured that I am sincerely yours,
459. Captain Eoderick Mackenzie to his Brother, George third
Earl of Cromartie.
Margaret Street, 11th August  60.
My dear Lord, — I send your Lordship by Kenny the bitters, — two tea-
spoonfuUs to be taken before breakfast, in any thing you please.
The inclos'd is for your amusement. Each line is the picture of an
CUABACTEIilSTICS, 1760. i>49
iudividiuil of your Lordship's acquaintance : all of a certain numerous clan in
a northern county of this island — freeholders, except a few.
I know your penetration will soon find them out. I am,
Your lordship's affectionate brother and servant,
E. :^i. K.
To the rioht honourable the Earl of Cromertie.
The first in rank, the last in action found.
Nervous in action, and in judgement sound.
A plant exotick takes another name.
The younger vegitable rises not in fame.
Too much a patriot, too fond of ease.
All silk and service every man to please.
Pride with rough sence, avidity with thought.
Tongue the chief talent, restlessness for nought.
Selfish with rigour, industrious for what ?
Sprightly and gay, let that stand for that.
Half-full of sense, of physick, law and trutli.
]\Iodest, discreet, in conversation smooth.
Secrecy and sanctity, not witliout a blot.
Early turn'd to business, opulence his lot.
^lerit in his sphere acknowledged by all.
A bottle and a joke, with welcome to his hall.
Eapid to acquire a character of weight.
In old age young, in youth a judge of right.
Steady and firm to what he thinks is just.
Boasting not doing what he knows he must.
VOL. II. 2 I
250 THE CROMAKTIE CORRESPONDENCE.
In frolick feirce, but honest all within.
Polite in taste, but not without a sin.
Silent and sensible, quite free of fraud.
Honest and just, not to be overaw'd.
At home for hospitality prepar'd.
Pelf, with a borrow'd title, struts a laird.
Known by long experience to be good.
WatchfuU and active, not yet understood.
Thriving, and confined to his own shore.
An honest politicion, and no more.
Peremptor and rich, without much grace.
Generally unknown, but by his face.
A figure seen, with talents tho' unknown.
A tree full grown, the seed but lately sown.
The oldest soldier that the clan can boast.
Eeading and taste in whim and hurry lost.
A solid dullness frug[a]lly employed.
A fortune competent and half enjoyed.
460. Bkigadier-Genekal James Murray, son of Alexander fourth Lord
Elibank, to his Brother, Eear-Admiral George Murray.
Quebec, October 19th, 1760.
My dear George, — Yours of the 12th July did not come to hand till
yesterday. Your son Patrick, I told you before, I should take off your hands.
The commission is not yet made out for him, but it is settled he is to have
it. It would now have been done, had I known [h]is Christian name when
I was at Montreal.
BRIGADIER-GENERAL JAMES MURRAY, 1760. 251
I suppose long e'er this comes to you, my lord Elibank will have receive!
a letter from me in answer to that he wrote in favor of Major Oswald. I
mean to live in friendship and decency with him and all my relations : it is
my duty, and I assure you it is my inclination, consequently there shall be
nothing wanting on my part to accomplish it. As to the debt I owe his lord-
ship, it shall be paid ; I am now, thank God, able to do it. Disputes about
money can never subsist but with grovling souls. When I pay the debts to
him and to Sandy, I acquit myself of the obligation. They know how these
debts were contracted, and they both will agree that the moment I have ful-
fill'd the law, and has nothing to fear from the bumbaliefs, they and I are
on a footing ; and that gratitude can only be due from future acts of bene-
volance. With regard to you, the doctor, and Mr. Ferguson, I must for ever
be insolvent : it is the way of bestowing a favor that makes the obligation
permanent. You seem to be nettled at the silence of the news writers ; but
if you'll coolly consider, I am highly honored thereby. Mr. Townshend,
Monkton, &c. &c. &c., were in the right, perhaps, to hire these miscreants to
relate f[e]ates they never performed, and to ascribe to themselves the actions
of other men. I don't want such false trappings ; it is the praise of my brother
soldiers I am ambitious of, and I flatter myself I have their esteem. I have
the satisfaction to know that my conduct has the approbation of his Majesty
and his ministers. I have served my country with an honest, hearty zeal, and
shall continue to exert the poor faculties I have, in any station I may be placed
in. A steady adherance to these principals will succeed in the end, and get
the better of all sculkers, jack-daws, and garrateers. It will no doubt be
known hereafter to all the world who opposed the attack of the lines at Mont-
morancy, and who in the beginiug, and to the very last of the campaign,
urged the descent above the town at the very place where it was made. And
surely no body is ignorant of what the left wing of the army did the day of
252 THE C1W2IABT1E COBBESPOKDEXCE.
the 13tli of September: it was not en 'poUnce: it broke the enemy's line, and
pursued the fugatives to tlie gates, and woidd have compleated their destruc-
tion, had it not been calld off by superior authority. It must be allow'd
that to maintain the conquest in the situation I was left in, Avas a much more
arduous task then the acquesition of it : that was the bussiness of two or
three hours, in which fortune was most partial to us ; the other was a series
of toils, alarms, intrigues, finesses, and, in short, of every thing that is com-
prehended in war. ]\Ty journal in the hands of the minister points out all at
large. You shall see it when we meet ; and you will allow that Monkton and
Townshend gave up a field of glory when they abandon'd Quebec, which
they never can recover, were they to keep in constant pay all the scriblers
under the sun. I fought a battle ; I lost it. What then ? is every day of
battle a day of victory ? Let it be asked any soldiers if, in my situation,
it was right to fight. He will answer without hesitation, "To be sure."
Examine the disposition, compare it wdth the ground, which must determine
the propriety of it, and I flatter myself it will be allow'd a good one. Was
not the critical moment of attack made use of ? Did it not succeed ? Was not
the victory gain' d, had the right wang been as active and as vigorous the 28th
of April 17G0, as the left was the 13th of September 1759 ? Was not aid in-
stantly given during the action where it w^as wanted ? W^ere not the cannon
judiciously placed ? Does not all this denote a presence of mind, and a coii])
(Voile ? Where was the general in this battle ? — Betwixt his own line and that
of the enemy — everywhere, where the enemy made a push, animating liis
men by his presence. He had two horses shot under him, and his cloaths
ridled by the enemy's musketry. Where was lie when the right wing faul-
ter'd ? He was placing the cannon on the hights, in the center, but rode
instantly to the right, and there recover'd the confusion. How did the
troops retreat into town ? In tolerable order, by means of the corps the
BRIGADIEPi-GEXERAL J A2IES MURRAY, 1760. 253
general himself posted in the two uutinished rediibts, aud on an eminauee.
Did he stay with these corps hin:iself to the last ? He did, he was the last
luau that enter'd the gates. The defence of the place, as it was successfnll,
in England (where every thing is right or wrong agreealjle to the desision of
Dame Fortune) will answer for its self You are to ask the French generals
what share I had this campaign in the total reduction of Canada. I am per-
swaded JMr. Amherst is too just to be silent on that head. He certainly has
told that I left him nothing to do, and that the jNIarquis de Yaudrueil insinu-
ated terms of surrender to me, before ^Ir. Amherst's army appear'd, which 1
would not listen to, as I had intelligence of the commander-in-chief's being
within six days' march of me, and I was posted at Longviel, by which the
junction of the three armys was infallible.
This much I have open'd myself to my brother : it is very wrong for a
man to speak of himself, but he that praises himself is unpardonable. I
therefore conjure you not to shew this letter to any body but Elibank : he
and you may make wliat use of the contents you please, provided you do not
let it be known that I have trumpeted my own fame.
I think myself accountable to my family in a very particular manner for
my actions, especially as the sphere I have lately acted in has been eminent.
It will be your bussiness to dive into the truth of every sentence of this
letter, but not to expose me to the reproach of vain glory. I offer my very
affectionate compliments to all my relations round you, and am, my dear
Your most affectionate brother and sincere friend,
J A. ]\[UKEAY.
Sandy Johnstone now lives with me, and acts as my brigade major. He is
verv fat, but we have nothing to do.
254 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
461. Charles Lord Hope to John Lord Macleod.
Hague, June 21, 1761.
My dear Lord, — The pleasure I enjoy 'd in your acquaintance last
summer makes me embrace this opportunity of recommending to you Mr.
Pointz, a young man for whom I have the sincerest friendship. He proposes
making the tour of Denmark and Sweden, after which he returns to
England. You will be so kind as introduce him to Madam Se — ts and her
two lovely nieces, assuring them at the same time that I still retain a grateful
sense of their civilitys. I would beg you to carry your politeness to my
friend farther then you did to me, — I mean that you would let him see
Miss Eo — n, at the window at least. You know you refus'd me that pleasure
among the last nights we were together. You may likewise make your
servant introduce my friend to that house, which if I remember right lies in
an alley which runs towards the Exchange from the street where little
Adamson lives. Mr. Eouat has given Mr. Pointz a letter to Finlay, who
will no doubt shew him Douveness and the environs in their perfection.
Be so good as assure Finlay that I shall ever remember the extraordinary
civilitys he was so kind as shew me during my stay at Stockholm, and I
hope he will have some of the same kindness for my friend. My most
sincere compliments to Miss Finlay, Airs. Jennings, Adamson, Fenwick, and
in general all my other friends and acquaintance. Assure them all of my
remembrance of their civilitys. I ever am, my dear Lord,
Your sincere friend and humble servant,
To the right honourable the Lord M'^Cloud, at Stockholm.
^/-j a- ^<^t4f hfte-^Cn^^ ^ finite, ^aJ a- /^Ae >'—
/..z.^ m/f^^^-^-^ A- * - ^ - ^^
oM A-L^e^chr ^^ /^rt-ae^t }~^ ^^i^v^ow^^ i ^/r^7;>i__
fC^^jh/(r^ hA.ll £aAn^ //i^f^u^ :^^jf ^*<rHJ-e^ U
GEORGE THIRD EARL OF CROMARTIE, 1762. 255
462. Geoege third Eael of Cromaetie to [address wanting].
Poland Street, January 30th, 1762.
Sir, — It's a long time since I have had a letter from you. I hope your
silence is not owing to any indisposition in your family : I long to hear
The last time we heard from S, Carolina brought us the disagreable news
of Mr. Atkin's death ; so now both my daughters there have the misfortune
of being widows. My son George is with the regiment at Halifax in ISTova
Scotia. I heard leatly from my eldest son : he was very well then, and he
acquaints me that the King of Sweden has been pleased to conferr a new
honour on him, by creating him a knight of the order of the Sword and
Xorth Star. The ensign of this order is a star pendant at a button hole of
the coat by a ribbon. It is the most honourable order they have in Sweden.
The rest of my family here are very well, and join with me in best wishes
for you and your family, and compliments to all friends who inquire about
us. I am sincerly yours,
P.S. — My brother Eoderick has assigned to my eldest son the superiority
which I gave him in Eoss shire : my son's charter and sasin is to pass this ensu-
ing term. Mr. Leonard Urquhart will send north to have infeftment taken, and
I hope you will take care that Mr. Urquhart's direction be carefuly observed.
The valuation of this superiority amounts to 670 pounds Scots, so that my eldest
son will have it in his power to make over to his brother George 270 ^.;
and I -will obtain from another friend as much as, with that, will give George
a qualification in Eoss shire ; and Sir John Gordon is so kind as to give to
both my sons qualifications in the shire of Cromertie. This may hereafter
be of service : in the mean time it gives them some footing in the country.
2o6 THE CROMARTIE CORRESPONDEXCE.
463. INTIMATION of the death of Lady Anne Murray, wife of John Miirray,
M.D., and daughter of George third Earl of Cromartie.
• ' Charles Town, January 22, 1768.
Ox Monday last, the 18th instant, died the right honourable Lady Anne
Murray, wife of John Murray, esquire, M.D., and daughter of the right honour-
able George Earl of Cromertie deceased. Her ladyship was first married to
the honourable Edmond Atkin, esquire, superintendant of Indian affnirs in
the southern district of America, and president of his Majesty's council in
this province, who died in 1761.
With all the politeness, ease and dignity of her rank and birth, she
pocessed a chearfulness of mind and temper with a sweetness of behaviour
that commanded the esteem and love of all. In the more adverse scenes of
life, her fortitude and equanimity never forsook her ; and her last long and
painful illness she bore with that patience and resignation, and met death
with that confidence, which nothing but true religion can inspire ; leaving a
disconsolate husband and relations, with all who had the pleasure of her
acquaintance, to regret their loss.
464. Henry Dundas, Advocate, afterwards first Viscount Melville, to
Edinburgh, 8th August 1770.
jMy dear Lord, — I desired Mr. Urquhart to let me know the first oppor-
tunity of writing to your lordship. He informed [me] this day that he
proposed to send some dispatches for you immediately ; in consequence of
■which I trouble your lordship with a few lines to acknowledge the receij^t of
BRIGADIER-GENERAL JAMES MURRAY, 1774. 257
yours, and to let you know that jSIr. Urquliart has provided what papers may
be necessary for consulting with Mr. M'^Queen about your affair. As the
session is short, and the lav.^yers much hurried during the summer session,
I desired Mr. Urquhart to delay laying it before ]Mr. McQueen till the
12th of August, when the session ends, and when there can be an oppor-
timity of consulting with Mr. M'^Queen coolly and deliberately ; and you shall
be advised of the result. I did not know you had an uncle alive.
With regard to the interest of the money, I am afraid we would be ill
founded in any squabble with IMr. Moncrieffe, because in whatever way a
bond is expressed, it is never understood to imply an obligation of paying
interest more than once a year ; and when 5 per cent, is got, it is not the
custom to pay oftner than once in two years. For these reasons, altho
it may at first be a little inconvenient, I am afraid we could make nothing of
a complaint for not having your interest paid twice a year.
I have nothing particular to inform you of with regard to friends here.
Lady Arniston has been at Auchtertyre these six weeks past, and I under-
stand Lady Augusta is in a good way. I cannot say there is any change
upon Charles so remarkable, since I saw you, as can authorise me to say he is
materially better. Sir John and Lady Gordon have been here this fourth-
night. My lady seems very low upon her sister Nelly's death.
I am, yours sincerely,
465. Brigadier- General James Murray, son of Alexander fourth Lord
Elibank, to his brother [Rear-Admiral George Murray].
Beaupoit, 9th July 1774.
Dear Brother, — I got yours of the 29th June yesterday. Sorry am I
that there is any disagreement betwixt Lord Elibank and you. I think it is
VOL. II. 2 K
258 THE C ROM ART IE CORRESPONDENCE.
a matter of indifferance who are to be his executors, or who his intimates.
His own justice and good sense will direct the disposition of his affairs at the
event of his death. I am confident that disposition will do as much honor
to his memory as his superior talents and goodness of heart has done to his
country. For my part, I am proud of being his brother, and shall ever glory
in his friendship ; for I look upon him as the greatest ornament which human
nature can boast of
I am so much afflicted by the misfortune of Dr. Murray's family, I avoid
thinking of it as much as possible. What I w^rote to you relative to it was
no secrit, nor did I desire you to conceal it. Lord Elibank cannot be ignorant
of so public an event.
I rejoice to hear of Lady Bell's w^ellfare, and that Maria has made such
progress. I expected no less, and shall be disapointed if her sister Bell does
not equall her in every accomplishment ; for I never saw two more promising
As to Peter's obligation, if he meant right, and acted with propriety to
me, it would have been left in my own hands. In those of another person, it
is no more than an additional affront, for it is a convincing proof that he
thinks me capable of distressing him if I had it in my power. For your sake
I hope he'll turn out better than I expect he will do. His talents are not
cut out for the man of business ; he has an insuperable absence and inatention,
with a prone[ne]ss to pleasure. These quality s are not likely to loose force
in the hot, gay, climate of Jamaica.
As you make no mention of a letter I wrote you lately under Elibank's
cover, I imagine you did not get it. It is of little consequence, as it contained
nothing but my desire to see you in Scotland, where I intended to go if Elibank
had not prevented me by his coming here. My departure for Minorca will
not be till Novemljer. I carry my family with me, and shall stay some years
ANNE DUCHESS OF BUCCLEUCH AND MONMOUTH, 1686. 259
if health will permit. This command has been confer d upon me in the
most gracious manner by the King, and I am very thankfull for it. If I can
be of any use to you or yours there, you will give me pleasure by laying your
commands upon me.
I assure you I have no favor to ask of my brother Elibank. I have no
children. I am perfectly contented with my situation in life, and therefore
cannot interfere with others, who have more need of, and a better right to, a
partition of his pecuniary favors. All I crave is his friendship ; for that I
would sacrifise any thing. Mrs. Murray joins in compliments and love to
you all, and I am,
Most affectionately yours,
466. Thirty- two Letters from Anne Duchess of Buccleuch and Monmouth
to George Viscount of Tare at and Earl of Cromartie.
Mewse, July 26, circa 1686.
I HOPE you will take such car of my busines of the resignation I have
made to the King, that it will soon be all don. It was verie readly consented
to by his Maiesty, and verie kindly he spok to me, which I do valow verie