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The earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 2) online

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preferred, and created our right trusty and right entirely beloved Anne Duchess of
Sutherland, wife of our right trusty and right entirely beloved George Granville
William, Duke and Earl of Sutherland, to the state, degree, dignity, and honor of
Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod, in our county of Cromartie ; and her, the said
Anne Duchess of Sutherland, Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, do, by
these presents, create, advance, and prefer, and we have appointed, given, and granted,
and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do appoint, give, and grant
unto her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, the name, state, degree, style, dignity,
title, and honor of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid : To have and to hold
the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of Baroness Macleod of
Castle Leod aforesaid unto her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, for and during
the term of her natural life ; and after the decease of the said Anne Duchess of
^ Eegistrum Magni Sigilli, Lib. Ixxx. No. 24.



THE CROMARTIE PATENT OF 1861. 361



Sutherland, to have and to hold the name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor
of Baron Macleod of Castle Leod, in our county of Cromartie, unto our trusty and
well-beloved Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Suther-
land Leveson-Gower), the second surviving son of the said Anne Duchess of Suther-
land, and the heirs-male of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in
default of such issue, to each of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of
Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the
heirs-male of the body and respective bodies of such sons, severally and successively,
one after another, as they sliall be according to seniority of age and priority of birth,
the elder of such sons and the heirs-male of his body always to be preferred and take
before the younger of such sons and the heirs-male of his and their respective body and
bodies ; and in default of such issue, to have and to hold the said name, state, degree,
style, dignity, title, and honor of Baron Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, or, in respect
of any female taking, under this grant, the said name, state, degree, style, dignity,
title, and honor of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, unto the said Francis
Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower),
and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in default
of such issue, to each of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Suther-
land, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs
of the body and respective bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one after
another, as they shall be according to seniority of age and priority of birth, the elder
of such sons and the heirs of his body always to be preferred and take before the
younger of such sons, and the heirs of his and their respective body and bodies ; and
in default of such issue, to our trusty and well-beloved Florence Sutherland Leveson-
Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), daughter of the
said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, and the heirs of her body lawfully begotten and to be
begotten ; and in default of such issue, to each of the other daughters of the said Anne
Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten,
and to the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and succes-
sively, one after another, as they shall be according to seniority of age and priority of
birth, the elder of such daughters and the heirs of her body always to be preferred and
take before the younger of such daughters and the heirs of her and their respective
body and bodies : Willing, and by these presents granting, for us, our heirs and succes-
sors, that the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland may bear and have the name, state,
degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, and
VOL, II. 2 Z



362 THE C ROM ART IE PATENT OF 1861.



that after her decease the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord
Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs-male of his body aforesaid ; and in
default of such issue, each of the other younger sous of the said Anne Duchess of Suther-
land, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs-male
of his and their body and respective bodies, severally and successively, one after another,
as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower
(commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of his body
aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger sons of the said Anne
Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten,
and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such sons, severally and successively,
one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Florence Sutherland
Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the
heirs of her body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the other daughters of the said
Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be
begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such daughters, severally
and successively, one after another, as aforesaid, may bear and have the said name,
state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of Baron Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid ;
or in respect of any female taking under this grant the said name, state, degree, style,
dignity, title, and honor of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, and that they
and every of them successively may be called and styled by the name of Baron Macleod
of Castle Leod, in our county of Cromartie ; or in respect of any female taking under
this grant, may be called and styled by the name of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod,
in our county of Cromartie : And that the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland may in all
things be held and deemed Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, and be treated and
reputed as a Baroness, and that after her decease the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-
Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs-male
of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger sons
of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband here-
after to be begotten, and the heirs-male of his and their body and bodies, severally and
successively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said
Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-
Gower), and the heirs of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the
other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any
future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective
bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one aftei' another, as aforesaid ; and in



TEE C ROM ART IE PATENT Oi^ 1861. 363



default of such issue, the said Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called
Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of her body aforesaid ; and in
default of such issue, the other daughters of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by
her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body
and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and successively, one after another,
as aforesaid, may in all things be held and deemed Barons Macleod of Castle Leod
aforesaid ; or in respect of any female taking under this grant may in all things be held
and deemed Baronesses Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, and be treated and reputed as
Barons and Baronesses respectively ; and that the said Barons Macleod of Castle Leod
aforesaid, and every of them, successively and respectively, may have, hold, and possess
a seat, place, and voice in the Parliaments and Public Assemblies and Councils of us,
our heirs and successors, within our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
amongst other Barons, as Barons of Parliament and Public Assemblies and Councils :
And also that she, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by the name of Baroness
Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, and after her decease the said Francis Sutherland
Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the
heirs-male of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger
sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband
hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs- male of his and their body and respective bodies,
severally and successively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue,
the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland
Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each
of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or
any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective
bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in
default of such issue, the said Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called
Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of her body aforesaid ; and in
default of such issue, the other daughters of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by
her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body
and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and successively, one after another, as
aforesaid, may enjoy and use, and every of them may enjoy and use, by the name of Baron
Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, or in respect of any female taking under this grant, may
enjoy and use, by the name of Baroness Macleod of Castle Leod aforesaid, all and singular
the rights, privileges, pre-eminences, immunities, and advantages to the degree of a Baron
or Baroness, respectively, in all things duly and of right belonging which other Barons



364 THE C ROM ART IE PATENT OF 1861.

and Baroaesses of this our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland have hereto-
fore honorably and quietly used and enjoyed, or as they do at present use and enjoy.
And, moreover, know ye, that we of our further especial grace, certain knowledge,
and mere motion, have advanced, preferred, and created the said Anne Duchess of
Sutherland to the state, degree, dignity, and honour of Baroness Castlehaven of
Castlehaven, in our county of Cromartie ; and her, the said Anne Duchess of Suther-
land, Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, do, by these presents, create, ad-
vance, and prefer, and we have appointed, given, and granted, and by these presents,
for us, our heirs and successors, do appoint, give, and grant unto her, the said Anne
Duchess of Sutherland, the name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honour of
Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid : To have and to hold the said name,
state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honour of Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven
aforesaid, unto her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, for and during the term of
her natural life ; and after the decease of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, to
have and to hold the name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of Baron
Castlehaven of Castlehaven, in our county of Cromartie, unto the said Francis Suther-
land Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), the
second surviving son of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, and the heirs-male of his
body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in default of such issue, to each of
the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any
future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs-male of the body and respec-
tive bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one after another, as they shall be
according to seniority of age and priority of birth, the elder of such sons and the heirs-
male of his body always to be preferred and take before the younger of such sons and
the heirs-male of his and their respective body and bodies ; and in default of such
issue, to have and to hold the said name, state, degree, style, dignitj^ title, and honor
of Baron Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid ; or in respect of any female taking
under this grant the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of
Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, unto the said Francis Sutherland
Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs
of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in default of such issue, to each
of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any
future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs of the body and respective
bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one after another, as they shall be
according to seniority uf age and priority of birth, the elder of such sons and the heirs



THE CROMARTIE PATENT OF 1861. 365



of his body always to be preferred and take before the younger of such sons and the
lieirs of his and their respective body and bodies ; and in default of such issue, to the
said Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland
Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of her body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and
in default of such issue, to each of the other daughters of the said Anne Duchess of
Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the
heirs of the body and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and successively,
one after another, as they shall be accordiug to seniority of age and priority of birth,
the elder of such daughters and the heirs of her body always to be preferred and take
before the younger of such daughters and the heirs of her and their respective body and
bodies : Willing, and by these presents granting, for us, our heirs and successors, that
the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland may bear and have the name, state, degree, style,
dignity, title, and honor of Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, and that
after her decease the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord
Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs-male of his body aforesaid ; and in
default of such issue, each of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of
Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs-
male of his and their body and respective bodies, severally and successively, one after
another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-
Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of his
body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger sons of the said
Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be be-
gotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such sons, severally and suc-
cessively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Florence
Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower),
and the heirs of her body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the other daughters of
the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be
begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and
successively, one after another, as aforesaid, may bear and have the said name, state, degree,
style, dignity, title, and honor of Baron Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid ; or in respect
of any female taking under this grant, the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title,
and honor of Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, and that they and every
of them successively may be called and styled by the name of Baron Castlehaven of
Castlehaven, in our county of Cromartie ; or in respect of any female taking under this
grant, may be calleil and styled by the name of Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven in



our county of Cromartie : And that she, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, may in all
things be held and deemed Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, and be treated
and reputed as a Baroness, and that after lier decease the said Francis Sutherland
Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs-
male of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger sons
of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter
to be begotten, and the heirs-male of his and their body and bodies, severally and succes-
sively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Francis
Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower),
and the heirs of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other younger
sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband
hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such sons,
severally and successively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue,
the said Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Suther-
land Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of her body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue,
the other daughters of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any
future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies
of such daughters, severally and successively, one after another, as aforesaid, may in
all things be held and deemed Barons Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, or in
respect of any female taking under this grant, may in all things be held and deemed
Baronesses Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, and be treated and reputed as Barons
and Baronesses respectively : And that the said Barons Castlehaven of Castlehaven
aforesaid, and every of them, successively and respectively, may have, hold, and possess
a seat, place, and voice in the Parliaments and Public Assemblies and Councils of us,
our heirs and successors, within our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
amongst other Barons, as Barons of Parliament and Public Assemblies and Councils ;
and also that she, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by the name of Baroness
Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, and after her decease the said Francis Suther-
land Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutlierland Leveson-Gower), and
the heirs-male of his body aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, each of the other
younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future
husband hereafter to be begotten, and the heirs-male of his and their body and re-
spective bodies, severally and successively, one after another, as aforesaid ; and in default
of such issue, the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord
Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of his body aforesaid ; and in



THE C ROM ART IE PATENT Oi^ 1861. 367



default of such issue, each of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of
Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and the
heirs of the body and respective bodies of such sons, severally and successively, one
after another, as aforesaid ; and in default of such issue, the said Florence Sutherland
Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the
heirs of her body aforesaid; and in default of such issue, the other daughters of the
said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband hereafter to
be begotten, and the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such daughters, severally
and successively, one after another, as aforesaid, may enjoy and use, and every of them
may enjoy and use, by the name of Baron Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, or
in respect of any female taking under this grant, may enjoy and use, by the name of
Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven aforesaid, all and singular the rights, privileges,
pre-eminences, immunities, and advantages to the degree of a Baron or Baroness, re-
spectively, in all things duly and of riglit belonging which other Barons and Baronesses
of this our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland have heretofore honorably
and quietly used and enjoyed, or as they do at present use and enjoy. And, moreovek,
know ye that we, of our further especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion,
have advanced, preferred, and created the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland to the
state, degree, dignity, and honor of Viscountess Tarbat of Tarbat, in our county of
Cromartie; and her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, Viscountess Tarbat of Tarbat
aforesaid, do, by these presents, create, advance, and prefer, and we have appointed,
given, and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do appoint,
give, and grant unto her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, the name, state, degree,
style, dignity, title, and honor of Vicountess Tarbat of Tarbat aforesaid: To have and
TO HOLD the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and honor of Viscountess
Tarbat of Tarbat aforesaid, unto her, the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, for and
during the term of her natural life ; and after the decease of the said Anne Duchess
of Sutherland, to have and to hold the name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and
honor of Viscount Tarbat of Tarbat, in our county of Cromartie, unto the said Francis
Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower),
the second surviving son of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, and the heirs-male
of his body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in default of such issue, to eacli
of the other younger sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or
any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs-male of the body and
respective bodies of such sons, severivlly and successively, one after another, as they



368



THE C ROM ART IE PATENT OF 1861



shall be according to seniority of age and priority of birth, the elder of such sons and
the heirs-male of his body always to be preferred and take before the younger of such
sons and the heirs-male of his and their respective body and bodies ; and in deftiult
of such issue, to have and to hold the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title, and
honor of Viscount Tarbat of Tarbat aforesaid ; or in respect of any female taking under
this grant, the said name, state, degree, style, dignity, title and honor of Viscountess
Tarbat of Tarbat aforesaid, unto the said Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly
called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and the heirs of his body lawfully
begotten and to be begotten ; and in default of such issue, to each of the other younger
sons of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her present or any future husband
hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs of the body and respective bodies of such
sons, severally and successively, one after another, as they shall be according to seniority
of age and priority of birth, the elder of such sons and the heirs of his body always to
be preferred and take before the younger of such sons and the heirs of his and their
respective body and bodies ; and in default of such issue, to the said Florence Suther-
land Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lady Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower), and
the heirs of her body lawfully begotten and to be begotten ; and in default of such
issue, to each of the other daughters of the said Anne Duchess of Sutherland, by her
present or any future husband hereafter to be begotten, and to the heirs of the body
and respective bodies of such daughters, severally and successively, one after another,
as they shall be according to seniority of age and priority of birth, the elder of sucli
daughters and the heirs of her body always to be preferred and take before the younger
of such daughters and the heirs of her and their respective body and bodies : Willing,
and by these presents granting, for us, our heirs and successors, that the said Anne
Duchess of Sutherland may bear and have the name, state, degree, style, dignity, title,
and honor of Viscountess Tarbat of Tarbat aforesaid ; and that after her decease the said
Francis Sutherland Leveson-Gower (commonly called Lord Francis Sutherland Leveson-