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tion to the Queen's person and Government, and recounts that he had


acquitted himself with the greatest honour and fidehty in divers offices
and appointments entrusted to him by five of Her Majesty's royal pre-
decessors. Dated 18th September 1703, 351

50. Translation of the foregoing Patent, . . . . . .352

551. Warrant by Queen Anne for a Patent, creating George Viscount of

Tarbat, Earl of Cromartie, etc., 1st January 1703, . . . .354

552. Warrant by Queen Anne for a Patent creating Kenneth Mackenzie,

second son of George Earl of Cromartie, a Knight-Baronet, proceeding

on a resignation by his father, 29th April 1704, .... 355

553. Diploma to Mr. James Mackenzie, son of George Earl of Cromartie, of

the title of Knight-Baronet, 8th February 1704, .... 359

554. Letters Patent by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, creating Her Grace

Anne Duchess of Sutherland, Countess of Cromartie, Viscountess
Tarbat of Tarbat, Baroness Castlehaven of Castlehaven, and Baroness
Macleodof Castle Leod, 21st October 1861, 360

555. Warrant by Queen Anne for an Exoneration and Indemnity to George

First Earl of Cromartie, 13th May 1704, 376




254. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar].^

Edenburgh, 1st January 1706.

My dear Lord, — As yet your Lordships letters have availd litle more
then herr Majesties former letters, and that is nothing to your servant. But
of this too much. IVIy Lord, I have spok conclusively, that is, to the mini-
mum of Eoyston, and very farr below the value, with the D[uke] of Q[ueens-
berjry ; so when he arrives, be pleased to lett me know, for a long suspence
will be hurtfull.

On this new year day, many happy yeares are wished by me (and I am
sure by many Scotsmen) to yow and your family, and (as that which I think
Scotland's cheeff politick good) to ane intire vnion with England, — I doe not
mean without provisions and exceptiones — that were ridiculous for both —
but in substantials, that both head and body might be one politick body.
Vnless wee be a part each of other, the vnion will be as a blood puddin to
bind a catt, i.e., till one or the other be hungry, and then the puddin

1 Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


flyes. God give all of yow prudence, wisdome, and honesty, and Brittish
minds. May wee be Brittains, and down goe the old ignominious names of
Scotland, of England. Scot or Scotland are words not known in our native
language ; England is a dishonorable name, imposed on Brittains by Jutland
pirats and mercinaries to Brittains, usurping on their Lords. Brittains is
our true, our honorable denomination. But of this more, perhaps, heerafter.
My Lord, your care of your poor coosine, the Lady Duffus, was honorable.
As in all shipwracks, freends as weel as strangers gather the Avreaks, so it is
with many when our litle britle barcks breaks. My Lord, if yow please, it
were (tho in a small matter) fitt that your Lordship would gett a gift, blank
in the person, and send it down to be fiU'd up, after treating with all con-
cernd (I mean the lady and herr sonnes), and to be deliverd by those yow
intrust it too after comuning, and so that the poor widow be not hurt. I have
this night writt another letter to your Lordship, by Major Sinclair, of other
purposes, but that will be longer of comeing to hand then this. Only (if
your Lordship please) lett that Madagascar ly untill the D[uke] of Q[ueens-
berr]y come up. Wee are in quiet, and will be till next parliament and view
of your treaty. Some wold gladly seem great springs in that operation, who
will perhaps be but litle mortals as others on that occasion, I wish yow
great ones doe and conclude right, and then shame fall them who concurrs
not with yow. Nay, I owne, if my privat mortal enimies make a good
treaty, I am on their syde ; and if yow doe wrong, I will not joine, and that
is very small news. My Lord, I am not brilj'd now by the ministry. I did
procure a comission to one to be the Queens scletter. I did not exact a
farthing for it, but I would not deliver it untill the overseers of the Queens
works were satisfied with the man. So I keept it untill he so farr did take of
that objection that, without comission, the treasury imploy'd that very man ;
so now I gave him the comission. But their Lordships stopt it, they say,


because it was of ane old date. I tell why — but the true cause was, that
it was procured by, my Lord,

Your faithful! humble servant,

Will your Lordship be pleased to cause deliver this letter to the D[uke]
of Marl[borough] from his old freend.

255. The Same to [The Same].^ " ;

■ '. 12 January 1706.

My Lokd, — -The lords of justiciar have represented the very low salary
that is allowd to Mr. Baird, the deput under- clerk of that court, who indeed
undergoes the whole fatigue and trouble of that clerks office. It is the court
which yeelds litle or no perquisits : in short, its wonderfull that the Queen
payes so much to the clerks of the other soveraign courts, whose perquisits
are good fees, and so very litle to this whose travel is great ; and yet his
whole service is for the crowns immediat service and interest. He wishes
and hopes, and wee concernd in the court doe intreat, your Lordships favor
and assistance to his just desyre. My Lord, be the tyme tliis comes to hand,
I presume the D[uke] of Q[ueensber]ry will be at Court, and its probable
that busines will be then enterd to. I will not officiously intrud on the
higher and great effairs, but I will seriously wish for good intentions, solid
measurs and mediums, and good success, as earnestly as if I were the first
minister, or more ; and since I did and doe think ane vnion a cheeff mean, I
pray for it. I will not obtrude to say what kind, what mode, of vnion —
that I submitt to better judgments — if it be in way of federation (so it be good
and sure), or ane incorporating (which I think can hardly be bad or unsure),

1 Oritrinal Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


so it effectuat a solid peace, affection, and proportionable advantages, by peace,
trade, or in warr, to all the parts of the isle. Then, whate're parties or persons
doe manage and cary it on, they have my best wishes, and shall have the
litle share of rewards that my capacity can affoord, without respect of persons
or parties, and then I hope that wee shall be all one man's bairnes. But, my
Lord, allow me to forwarn yow that few will be satisfied if any intend to
impose apparence or sliamm for true ware : and that this is feard, and on
several! accountts, I doubt not but your Lordship knows, and that from
better informations then I can give, since I search litle in other mens
thoughts. Whatever yee doe, I wish it may appear profitable, honorable, and
secure, for successe in it, and of that nature, with all prosperity to our excel-
lent Queen, and honor to yow in your present post, untill yow change it for a
better, is sincerly and earnestly wished by, right honorable,

Your most humble servant and faithfull freend,


256. [The Same] to The Same.^

15th January 1706.
My Lord, — The Lord Advocat desyred to speak with me on the matter
of that shipp seazed by my depute. He wonderd wherat I scrupled, the
shipp beeing above twelue dayes in the French possession, — since the beeing
so for two dayes and two nights made herr undoubted prize ; that the 1
parts belongd to the Queen, fyfteen parts to me as admirall, and the rest to
these who seazed herr, whither on land or sea ; and that I needed not to have
troubled the Queen for it, except it were for herr Majesties ten parts, which
shee might dispose of at pleasure ; and he told me that this he would expressly

^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


writt to your Lordship by this or next post. So, my Lord, if the Queen please
to dispose of herr ten shares to me, I will humbly thank her Majestie and the
procurer ; if not, herr pleasure gives law in that. But as to the Lord Glen-
urchies pretence, it hath no foot to stand on ; for I doe not think it just for
him to ask mine nor the seazers right ; and if the Queen give heiT dues, it is
a way to make all adjacent landlords to pretend to the royalty, and to give to
him who hath nothing to doe with the office of admiralty, nor did any there
ever pretend to it. I will dutifully goe on according to law, and wait to know
herr Majestys royall pleasure how shee will have me to dispose of herr shares.
Wee are all heer in expectation of the preliminaries of our treaty with Eng-
land, and with different views and wishes. I am semper idem, i.e., for a full
incorporating vnion ; and will be so untill I be perswaded in reason that some
sort of federall vnion will be better, or at least as good. And I am ready to
give my reasones for the one, or against what I think would impose on our
reasone, or be destructive to our interest ; and I find many doe come over to
that opinion which I am for, since they see that ane incorporating vnion gives
us liberty and latitude for our trade with England and all its territories, and
so gives vent to our product and what wee manufacture (which now wee want),
and will also secure the samne ; since, when wee are one with them, and indeed
of them, and they with us, and that by it the comon stock will be greater and
our force stronger, and the hopes of dividing us from England, or to have
hopes of our assistance against England, will be secured. But by the romantick
federall vnion, it will never be granted by England so as to give us as large
a share of their trade (that is, of their riches and power) as wee can take, and
which in probability will be such as will soon raise envy in them, and soon
break that chaine wherby wee hold it, evn tho it were ane act of parliament.
But when wee are they, and they are wee, there is no fear, nor is their a poli-
tick possibility to found invitations to divide our selfs againe, Wheras, by


the whim confederacy, so soon as England sees that wee on many accounts
can furnish their plantations cheaper then they can ; when they see that wee
can carry the product of their terr[i]tories to all other countries, and sell them
cheaper there, yea, and in England itself — on sight, they will blow up your
confederacy and all its other supports, tho it were ane act of parliament 1706 ;
for ane act of parliament 1709 is as able to take it of as the other to frame it,
{ox par in ]3arem non hahet 'mpcrium. They may, indeed, judge English men
fools for granting these priviledges, if it was with intention to keep them,
and think Scotsmen fools for trusting to their stability. And as to the grand
topick, viz., that Scotland will be the extremity of the new moulded kingdome,
ergo, most be for ever poor. Now, in place of reasoning against the theory of
the position (which T think a very easy task), for the cause of riches lyes not
at all in that of distance, but evry place will be rich (ly where it will), where
ether native product or industrious citizens shall be found : but since e[x]pe-
rience is the best rule of politick judgment, examine their conclusion from
their premiss ; — thus, Newcastle, Bristol, Harwich, and Exeter, are farther
then Rochester, Windsor, Bedfoord, Huntington, etc., from London : ergo, they
are richer then the former. Item, Lions, Marseils, Bourdeaux, liowen, are
the remotest, at least farr more remote then most others in France are ; ergo,
they are beggars. Item, Ptiga, Eeuel, Nerva, Carlostad, are farthest from
Stockholm. Item, Cadiz, Barcelona, Bilbo, are so in Spaine ; and Bergen in
Norway from Copenhagen. These experients may dounw^eigh a pretty
framed syllogism. But, my Lord, the arguments are not the formidable
enimies in this warfare. But I will not now name them, in hopes that they
will be ashamed to muster up self designs, imaginary notions, present small
gaine, etc., to attack their country, their posterity, and Brittannia, in all its
essentials. My dear Lord, I assure you that I am for vnion, and am

Your Lordship's most humble and most faithfull servant.

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My Lord, poor David Cosky, who is driven to great straits, hath sent up
his wife to plead justice and to beg mercy. My Lord, he was, and yet is, tlie
best fowler and trouter in Scotland.

To the right honourable the Earle of Mar, principall secretare
of state for the kingdome of Scotland, — London.

257. The Same to [The Same].^

24 Januar 1706.
]My dear Lord, — Whilst I was secretare I thought it duty, and so went
over the hazard of exposeing my sentiments of effaires and the causes of by
gone evils. But one out of that station is in a farr different circumstance
from those who are in it, and perhaps good intentions and candor may prove
silly defences against wrested senses of words or actions, when adversares will
adventur to call eares, homes. This hath moved me to writt both to her
^Majesty and to my lord treasurer. So be pleased to send me such [as] are
extant ether of my representationes or scheams ; and if they give them to
your Lordship, and if yow be at the trouble to receave and return them, it
will be most oblidging on, right honorable.

Your Lordship's most obedient and fathfuU servant,


All the recomendations for the paying of my dear bought bypast dues
are hitherto all ineffectuall.

I have writ to D[uke] Q[ueensberry] as to Madagascar.

^ Orisina] Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


258. The Same to [The Same].^

Edinburgh, 16 February 1706.
My Lord, — The litle value which I find is put on me shall not diminish
the just sentiments I have of your Lordships kindnes in concerning your self
so much for my litle concerns. Should I by my intreaties offer to make them
yett heavier on so willing a freend, I shall pay too great a price for what I desyre ;
and I thought it was so much supported by justice as to fancy the desyres such
as were nott [to] be denyed, I mean of what (if I did not work for as secretare),
yett I too dearly payed for all I craved. As to the ship, my Lord, give your
self no more trouble about that. The Queens part will not be great, mine is
less as deput admirall on the place, and I intend it for the poor of the parish.
The rest belongs to salvers and seazers, and it will be litle, the victuall being
much damn[a]ged and not esteemd of in Scotland. I thought it had been worth
asking, but herr Majesty s advocat and other lawiers sayes it will be thus, viz.,
the tenth part to the Queen, a fyfteenth part to the admirall ; the rests falls
to salvers and seazers ; and the admirall court ther I hear have judged so.
My Lord, this letter is cheefly designed to intreat for my poor sister, Seafort,
who is driven to a morsell of bread by herr kindnes to herr late sonn. The
paper drawn and inclosed will inform your Lordship. The matter of fact is
certainly true, and therfor the request most reasonable ; and it will be ane act
of charity in herr Majesty to one whose family hath sufferd as much for the
royall family more then tenn officers and pensioners have, or then had to
suffer. Whats desyred is so frequently granted, beeing a second gift of
eshett, and for regaining a cautionry. I have troubled the chancelor and
Earl of Lowdon with doubles of it. My Lord, I crave pardon for this trouble

^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


given yow, but it is to one who hath the honor to be many wayes related to
yow, and allow my adding to these the earnest suit of, my Lord,

Your Lordships most obedient and most faithfull servant,


259. The Same to [The Same].^

16 February 1706.
My Lord, — Whilst I was secretar I never begd place nor pension to chikl
nor relation of my owne ; but now I adventur to intreat that, if a new regi-
ment be to 1)6 levied, or if occasion offer faii-ly, that your Lordship would gett
Johne Stuart,^ sonne to the late Lord Balcasky, a pair of colours. He is a
pretty young fellow, is a cade[t] in the regiment of guards, minds to follow
that trade, and may live to serve the Queen and your Lordship. I am, right

Your Lordship's most humble and faithfull servant,


260. The Same to [The Same].^

9 March 1706.

My Lord, — I presume long letters cannot be very pleasing to yow, nor

needfuU, whilst what I am to writt of is so weell known to your Lordship.

But this is to put yow in mind of the national and particular concern of

Madagascar, which, if delay 'd, may losse, and if lost, perhaps Scotland will

1 Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest. is given in "The Red Book of Grandtiilly, "

- Afterwards Sir John Steuart, third bare- vol. i. p. clxxv.
net of Grandtully. His second wife was Ladj-^ ^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.

Jane Douglas. A memoir of Sir John Steuart



never find so apparent and fitt a fond for a forreign trade. The other thing
I crave leave to touch is that of my proposed bargan of Eoyston. If it be to
hold, then the method will be a privat instruction for obtaining the parlia-
ments dissolution of as much of the lands and others of the barronry of Delny
and Meddat as will be necessar to purchase 150/, rent be year, and con-
venient house, gardens, and parks, near to Edinburgh, for accommodating a
dwelling place to the lord chancier for residence in the tymes of vacance ;
that so with the less inconvenience he may attend the crown and nations
service, and the bargan therin by excambion or otherwayes to be left to herr
Majesty and such as shee will appoint, and that the said lands, houses, etc.,
be annex'd to the crown, for the use forsaid, in place of these now dissolved.
My Lord, I will not trouble yow with my usage in my too dear bought
arrears ; only, all are payed or satisfied except

Your Lordship's most humble and faithfuU servant,

My Lord, allow me to recomend Major Sinclair to your favour, as on
who will be found a true, honest, stout man, and a faithfull freend, where he

261. The Same to [The Same].^

23 March 1706.
My Lord, — My trouble given on my own account, and the litle success,
which my litlnes wherin I now stand haveing rendered me a subject un-
capable of success, might in prudence stopp me from beeing further urgent
in my own concerns ; nor will I : yett the bad circumstances of a family
wherin your Lordship is concerned (I will not say I am, lest it hurt them),
forces me to put your Lordship in mind of a gift of eshett I adventur'd to
1 Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


recomend to you formerly, in favours of Mr. James Sutherland, sonne to the
Lord Duffus. None can be more objects of just freendship and of equity
then these are. The young gentlman is a worthy person, and hath no other
design then indeed to gett aliment to orphans. I presume the gentlman
hath -svritt to you. Another trouble I gave was in the concern of the poor
dowager, my sister. Shee hath, by our best lawiers advice, the estate secured
in herr person ; but shee was so farr from puting herr titles to herr personal
behooff that shee never did, nor never intends, to apply mor of it to herr
self then silly 4000 marks per annum, which were no great portion for any 3
degrees under herr. Yet shee will need the gift sent up, to defend her evn
in that, and shee is content it be restricted to that yea[r]ly. I only re-
member you of these things at their very earnest request, and on many
accounts your Lordship will excuse this intercession by, my Lord,
Your Lordships most obedient and most humble servant,


262. The Same to [The Same].^ <

Edinburgh, 6th Aprile 1706.
My Lord, — If her Majesty's commands had not obliged me to give infor-
mation to her when any thing occur'd that might be directly hurtfull to the
episcopal clergy as such, I would not willingly have offer'd interruption to
any course proposed by those entrusted by her Majesty, lest it might have
prejudged her interest in the methods judged fit by them ; nor would I have
mention'd them to your lordship as secretary if I did not think the case
urgent. I had the honor to hear her Majesty say oftner than once that she

^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


was graciously resolved to bestow the rents of the bishopricks, as far as law
would allow, to support the poor starving clergy of that character. I shall
not now touch particulars ; but, in the general, I am inform'd by very many
concern'd (three or four excepted), that they are in far worse condition than
they were at any time since the late lievolution ; and to my certaine knowledge
as to many, it is so. Nor do I speake without book. I presumed that her
Majesty was resolv'd not to divert these rents to laick uses, and to appoint a
collector, who, for small sallarys, would carefully manadge the rest to the
clergys behoove, and to put it in collectors hands affectionate to that clergy.
Yet by new commissions, the sallarys are encreasced, and litle (if any thing)
left to the clergy. Her Majesty has my humble opinion in writing as to
those matters, nor shall I repeat them. Allow me only to say this (and I
humbly desire her Majesty may know it), that it is not her Majestys interest
that any be um piers but such as will be sure to obey her Majesty and follow
her inclinations without enmity to the episcopal clergy. But I will prescribe
no further, only as to the particular of the Bishop of ]\Ioray, who is at once
an object both of charity and justice ; and so is the worthy Bishop of Edin-
burgh, Doctor Young, his relict and her children. Her ]\Iajesty, as I humbly
presume, was resolved to appoint a certain locality for her (which she can not
effectually interpose with collectors). My Lord, if you did know their straits,
you needed not my intercession to make you their advocate, nor I hope Avill
you now ; and without a peremptor order from court, her Majesty may have
further trouble with litle success to their starv'd stomachs. If it be her
Majesties pleasure, a new order will be necessary to })revent her mine, tho it
were but for an interim uutill lier Majesty be graciously pleased to consider
the whole ; and better that any laick should have less emoluments out of
church rents than that bishops and bishops wives and their children should
starve. When I was in your Lordships station I told her ]Majesty so ; now


your Lordship is. And in a church matter, let me cite a sacred exemple :
remember what Mordecai said to Ester. And it is the more favorable that it
is the concern of a gentlewoman of good quality that is mentioned by,
my Lord,

Your Lordsliips most obedient humble servant,


263. The Same to [The Same].^

9 Aprill 1706.
My Lord, — This day I receaved your Lordships, dated April 4th. I
thank your Lordship for minding so small a person as my poor nevoy Stuart.
I hope he may be a man to serve your Lordship and yours. Its much that,
beeing mine, he should gett any thing. And I most owne it as ane obligation
that my litle relation to ]\Iajor Erskine and to Captain Vans hath been no
liinderance to their advans, and I beleeve it would, were it not the benign
relation the one hath to your Lordship, the other to the Earl of Lowdoun. But
my share of the thanks and acknowdedgment to both of your Lordsliips is not
the less. What was desyrd by the Countess of Seafort, nay by lierr lawiers,
and as they judged no straine ; but indeed I doe not understand it. I am
glad your Lordship stops what concerns Lord Duffus. It were hard that tlie
Queen should give what shee is not oblidged by law nor justice to give to any
but by free grace — I say, to give such a donative against one who is actually
in heiT service, and in his absence ; for ane esliett is what herr Majesty may
give to any, but is not oblidged to give it to any. I shall acquaint Mr.
Sutherland as your Lordship desyres me. I beleeve a gift to Duple may

Online LibraryWilliam FraserThe earls of Cromartie; their kindred, country, and correspondence (Volume 2) → online text (page 5 of 56)