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1 (Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


be of prejudice to the poor indigent children. As to the effair wherein
Major Sinclair is concernd, in my opinion, there is no material change in that
now desyrd from the other granted, and farr from haveing any other thing
of prejudice to the Queen or publick. So I wish to hear of it, after my Lord
Stair hath waited on your Lordship, And for the matter of Eoyston, if it
were not the ease and freedom of haveing my owne few duties rather then
other payment, no privat man will offer me less price for it then what I proposed.
I wish to know if it will doe or not ; for a suspence in it is of inconvenience,
and hinders my setling of my effairs, which ane old man should not delay.
My Lord, I wish the vnion, and a true, effectuall, and no shamm vnion may
be establisht. And I hope that tho prudence and honesty should make all
Brittains for it ; but if they faile, yet necessity and forsight of danger by
disunion will force it over the tricks of self-designing opposers. And if I
were by the Duke of Marlborough, I would adventur to tell his Grace that,
tho no body thinks with more honor of all his great actiones, yet I (with
assurance enough) advance not one of them — no, not Blenheim it self — can
be of so great advantage to all Brittain, as if he contribut to make that all
one. And, for my part, what ever party be for it, I shall be of that party, tho
I never as yett stoopt to be of a partie ; yea, I will be of it, tho it consisted of
my privat enimies. So, wishing a happy conclusion to that treaty, and all
happines to your Lordship and family, and with as much and as lasting
sincerity as those who can both say and doe more, I subscribe my self
Your Lordships most obedient and most faithfull servant,


My last letter as to the poor clergy was somewhat in passion at their
misery, but their case is harder than ever. The Queen cannot be blamd for
King Williams deeds, but her own. — C.


264. The Same to [The Same].^

18 April 1706.
My deare Lord, — I doe think my self very ill used, and indeed extraor-
dinarly ; for these who were in my station before me, with me, and since I
left it, are ether payed or transacted with for what was due or given to them
by the Queen, only I excepted. I pretend to no extravagant favours, but I
am not convinced of deserving punishment, Yett, my Lord, my begging of
whats due, tho greevous, but not so much as is my troubling my freends
with my misfortunes. I will once more writt a regrate of my usage to the
Queen, and therafter be in sullen patience. I am glad to hear that so many
in England are for ane incorporation of Brittain ; for federation is not worth
the paines, and will be ane Egyptian reed, and will be a mother of future
dangers and discords at some vnhappy occasion. In the matter of Mada-
gascar I have writt to the Earl of Stair, and so will not trouble your Lord-
ship with anticipating of what he will say. My dear Lord, its said heer that
Duke of Queensberrie and Earl Glasgow are to be secretaries, your Lord-
ship colonel of the guards, and Earl Lowdoun privy seall and of the treasury.
I congratulat yow in the good fortune of the change (if it be true), and in
my litle opinion, the Earl of Lowdoun hath weel changed too. I hope your
Lordship will order John Stuarts ensign-comission to be effectual! to him,
and the Earl of Lowdoun that of Captain Vans. I think no body wishes the
Queen, the nation, the isle, and my freends better then I doe. As to whats
good or not, I may be as readily mistaken as any ; for none can think that
to be true which does appear to them to be false, nor good what appears
to them to be evill : these mistakes are the object of pitty. This may be
my case in the matter of the Vnion. I am taken with the incorporating ;
^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


and I am so, because I am old and in long experience of slavry, and now of
poverty ; and I wish to leave tlie nation free of the first, and at least in
the road to leave the other : and I see not deliverance from ether without
serious vnion, i.e., incorporating ; for the other is a jeast, if not worse. Yet
I am no slave to any present sentiment, but ready to leave its comand when
I see a better fellow. But I most see him or I love him. And when things
are dubious, I ever doubt whats asserted by a party or faction (for that hath
ever been my aversation) ; and it, my oppressor, and so to the nation. But
I can much rely on the Earl of Marr, because that family hath been so long
right that I confide in its honesty, as haveing acquired a thrid and new habit
of honesty. The schools know none but whats infused, or acquired by re-
iterated acts ; but that family hath a naturall habit to right, unless some
unhappy man interrupt it ; from which good God deliver your Lordship and
Your most obedient and humble servant,


265. The Same to [The Same].^

Edinburgh, 8 June 1706.
My Lord, — I hear what I did perhaps in weaknes enough writt, but
with a most sincere intention for the Queen and nations advantage, doth dis-
please severals ; and I am yet so dull as not to take for what. If I did see it,
my zealous intent should not hinder me from repenting, amending, and
apologizing ; or, were I conscious of my haveing any particular design to hurt
or injure any person, I would with ingenuity crave their pardon. But whilst
I am so ignorant as not to discover my fault, I am not fond of lying on my
self, nor of apologies to others, for that unto many of good judgment appears

1 Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


to savour so much of the ly as secludes it from my resolving to use it, untill
I know my fault. I have repeated my letters in a 3d, which I look on as a
full vindication ; yett, in your Lordships, and two or three more, I have, by a
written postscript, said what I think just and knows to be true. I hear some
are angry at my letters, who warr as farr from my thoughts in that effaire as
I know them to be free of what I have said of others, and yett I doe think
what I said of the others tended rather to flattery then unkindnes. One
thing I will say : If the Earl of Marr have the least sentiment of my unkind-
nes to him, and farr more of what directly or indirectly could be unaccept-
able to him, he is (in that) less just to me then I am to those who misconstructs
me, or have been more injurious to me. . I honor your Lordship and your
family, nor is it the jarrs of factions, or different opinions or measures in state
or church politicks that could drive me on that rock. I am a litle zealous
sonietymes for my opinions, but that heat never past from things to persons —
no, not to my personal injurers, tho in particulars 1 am not politickly humble
to these who wrong me. I have troubled you with my 3d letter, but the trouble
of reading it is left to your Lordships will and leasure ; for I think ane vnion
so much the mean of our publick and privat good, ether as to religion, liberty,
honor, or property, that, so long as I think or act as a Brittain, I will doe for
it whats practicable for, my Lord,

Your most humble and faithfull servant and freend,


266. [David fourth Earl of Northesk to George first Earl of


Ethie, Sunday morning, 16 June [1]T06.
j\Iy dear Lord, — I fancie now you have no mind to stir from Edinburgh
till you get ane account of the conclusion of the treaty, which I'm told will,

VOL. II. c


or iliany days, bee finished, at least as much as can at present bee done.
Thereafter I tliink it should bee no more kept a secret ; for, being of such
consequence, its highly reasonable people should have time to consider it,
if the dissign bee not they should do as Dundonald did when he took ane
oath, I hear some of the Scots folkes proposes to bee in Scotland beginning
next moneth. Now that you have so long delayed your journey, I belive
you will have it the sooner done, for my wife and I are thinking this week
to bee at ErroU. You shall bee equally welcome to that place as this ; only,
you will have the misfortune of not getting so much sport, and you will get
worse drink and but a very sorry bed. However, you shall get the best it
affords ; and, if I see you not soon, I belive I may convoy you thither from
Edinburgh, being apprehensive I will be oblidged to make a start there
about a Session business. My wife and I are most sincerly your faithfull

My dear Lord.

267. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar, one of
the Secretaries of State for Scotland].-^

22 June 1706.
My Lord, — Besides that I had litle matter to writt, I hear that my self
and letters were so unacceptable with many at court that I resolv'd to writt
no more of publick concerns ; tho, in my owne litle opinion, nothing could
be more from what I intended then the construction was put on my letter
as to the Vnion, nor was there any litle indeavour which did draw more
opinions towards vnion with England. But there was a German quarrell in
the case, whither against me or the vnion, tyme will tell. But I shall

1 Original Letter in Mar Cliarter-cLest.

JOHN EARL OF MAR, 1706. 19

alwayes wish success to what will cary on the effectuall viiion, against which
I see a storm arising with a renewed force and from a new spring. But the
Queens manadgers, I doubt not, will take just measures, so I leave that sub-
ject. But, my Lord, I have a litle particular which draws on your Lordship
the trouble of this letter. It is, Alexander Forbes, bayliff of Aberdeen, is
considerably my debitor. His esheat is beggd both heer and (as I hear) at
your Lordships the secretaries. These heer are content for my preference.
I intreat, if any pass there, that it may be so, which the members of the
buird have alwayes had ; and that the gift be burdened with a preference as
to my debts due by the said Alexander to me by account of his intromission
with my salmon fishings, and otherwayes, for he had victuall for two years
of me also. This, my Lord, I adventure to recomend to your Lordships care
and your intercession with the Earl of Lowdan, whose freendship I will hope
for in this to, my Lord,

Your Lordships most obedient humble servant,


268. John Eael of Mae to [Geoege fiest Eael of Ceomaetie].-^ Copy.

Whythall, Jun 25, 1706.
My Loed, — I had the honour of yours of the 8th some posts ago, with a
copie of your 3d letter concerning the Union. I had read your 1st and 2d
before, and, in generall, I think your Lordship has a very good notion of that
affair ; but I must confess I think you treat the treaters pritty cavalierly.
For my own shair, I 'm very indifferent what people say of me, but realie I
wou'd not have expected such a charactur from your Lordship as you are
pleased to give me with the rest of the treaters. Notwithstanding of that,

1 Copj' Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


I was more coucern'd upon your account than any body's else, for it does you
more hurt than any concern'd. Your Lordship knew that our treaters did
not take very well what you was pleased to say of them ; and your Lordship
cannot think that your ordring yoar papers to be delivered before our face
to the English, after you knew this, was very oblidging. I told Doctor
M'^Kenzie, just as he was about delivering them to the English, that I wisht
he wou'd think of it well before he deliver'd them, for I was affraid of its doing
your Lordship harme. He said he cou'd not help it, for he was ordred to do
so. But for all this I wish it may be in my power to do your Lordship any
service. The treatie is now very near concluded, and I hope we will see you
very soon in Scotland with it. We have made the best of it we cou'd ; and
I hope the parliament will think it for the intrest of the nation, and so raitifie
it : by which there wou'd be an end put to all our divisions, and honest people
wou'd get leave to live at pace and ease, and mind their affairs and the
improvement of their country — a much better imploiment than the politicks.
1 am, my Lord,

Your Lordships most affectionat cousin and most humble servant.

Indorsed by the Earl of Mar : " Copie of my letter to the Earle of Cromertie."

269. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar].^

2d July 1706.
My Lord, — I most be under a great dulnes, since I not only at first, but
as yet cannot find wherin I injurd any whosoever ; and then how farr from
what could include the Earl of Marr, But thoughts, as weel as persones and

^ Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


estates, are subject to whats without us. It was somewhat hard (perhaps)
for me to advance that those who had done me great enmity were fitted to
cary on what I thought was so great a good for my prince and patria, and
yett to evite tlie silly imputation of flattering my oppressors. But, if serious
reveiwing of what I said doe not evince this, I hope tyme will. However,
my Lord, I am glad yow insinuat that yow can goe over your share of whats
supposed so ill ; for tho yow did not, I cannot be angry at your person, and
farr less at your family, which Scotland hath so long honored without inter-
ruption, evn in its corrupted fitts of faction. My Lord, I am glad to hear of
many things thats said to be adjusted, and, if it be possible, bring no Achan,
no defeating article. Not that I fear you will, but I deprecate a most.^
Nothing shall alter me from being a Scotsman and a Brittain, and for the
vnion, nor from continueing your Lordships

Most obedient and humble servant,


270. The Same to [The Same].^

17th July 170G.
My Lord, — I begg pardon to represent to yow a prejudice thats like to
fall on a man who was never sparing of paines nor purse when a Scotsman
needed ether ; and the more this is to be considered, that his prejudice is created
to him by a villanous act of a Scots rogue. That he is a rogue, I have good
ground to say ; for Dean of Guild Broun (a very honest man) did assure me
of this, and two other burgesses, who were certaine attesters of his haveing
falsified 7 or eight writts, which were found and proved to be such ; besides

1 That is, must, in the sense of compulsion.
- Original Letter in Mar Charter-chest.


severall other villanies, for which he should have been hanged. This for the
accuser. And that his accusation is suitable, this I think will prove. For he
was by Scots recomendation taken in by Colonel Villars to be his butler, and
because for rogury he turnd him of, he hath accused the colonel for unlawfull
trade in Frencli wine, which was a present of wine beeing sent him from
Scotland about a year agoe, and sent up by C. Gordon, which I am sure, tho
a gift, was sufficiently repay'd by the colonel. Yet his butler, who receav'd
it, hath informd, and made affidavit against his master. My Lord, I have told
that he is a kind Scotsman, and likewayes he is maried to a ]\Iackenzie,
and hath neither said nor writt any thing that can offend his freends, which
is more then they will allow to be said by one who is, however,

Your Lordship's most obedient and most humble servant,


]\Iy Lord, I hope it will not be ill taken that I assure yow there is
strong clubing against what yow are about, and of severall constitutions. The
feare of new oaths is a takeing bate, and many things which are perhaps
groondles ; and many think that divulging of the articles would have pre-
vented objections.

271. David Crawfurd, Her Majesty's Historiographer, [to George first

Earl of Cromartie].

London, July 27, 1706.

]\Iy Lord, — Your Lordship, when you left this place, gave me the honour

of a letter from Stamford, telling me what wou'd be the fate of my Memoirs.

You have (I fear) foreseen too well in this affair, only one thing has escap'd

your Lordship — that the unlucky bratt wou'd be laid to your door, and you


wou'd father the child yow ne're begott, but endeavour'd to destroy in embrio.
Endeavours have been really usd here to perswade the world the book was
written by your Lordship ; and the fault of your servants must be charg'd
upon you to blacken you, after they have gott you down. This letter comes
not to acquaint your Lordship with this alone, but at the same time to beg
your protection. The title of Historiographer is a terrible eye sore to some
folks : my commission must be taken away, and a maleverse must be found,
for I am not tame enough to part with it for big words. The parliament that
can do ev'ry thing will easily find a fault where perhaps I meant quite other-
wise ; and this will both please the good clergy and attone for the act against
Buchanan in the reign of James the 6th. I 'm to be examind (I 'm inform'd)
by the Queen and counciLl here, in order to oblige me to produce my MS.,
which I long since threw away as useless. I know what I am to do here, but
in Scotland the case alters. 'Tis certain T can't save my commission ; but 'tis
hard to be run down and condemn'd with a nemine contradicente. If 'tis put to
the vote, I 'm satisfied to come off with loss ; and if ever I serv'd your Lordship
honestly, let me be sensible of the reward in standing up for me so far as to
bring my buss'ness to a vote in the house. I most humbly beg your Lord-
ship's pardon for this trouble and freedom ; but I never had another master,
and I still reckon my self one of your Lordship's family. I can write without
being her ^lajesties Historian, if she thinks fitt to deprive me of that honour ;
and, if I live, I shall give the world the 2d and 3d part of the same Memoirs.
All I ask or wish is, but to be killd fairly, and not to die without having it
put to the question, shall I live or not ? After all, I must presume to acquaint
your Lordship that you are under haK an obligation to befriend me at this
time and in this buss'ness, for I wou'd not have been so dangerous a person
if I had not been about your Lordship's person. Your Lordship was once so
godless as to endeavour to establish iniquity by a law ; and your servant (if


the book is his own) is following his masters steps, by condemning and
exposing rebellion, which some men have gain'd more by than e're they cou'd
have done by an antiquated principle of loyalty. I am sure your Lordship
can in this affair lay an obligation upon me never to be repay'd by all the
services of my life ; and I promise my self, from your Lordship's goodness,
both your own assistance and my Lord Prestonhalls. I am, my Lord,
Your Lordship's most oblig'd and most obedient humble servant,

Day. Crawfukd.

272, Lieutenant Eoderick Bayne to The Same.

Camp betwixt Courtray and Pont Dispeer, or Helchin,
Jullie 1706.
My Lord, — In performance of my dutie I have writen to your Lordship
four days after the batle of Eamillie, wnth a short acount of the battle.
However, I am perswaded your Lordship base a better acount of it since ; if
not, I have sent the true relation of it to Sir Pk.obert Munro off Foules, which
your Lordship may command att any time. If your Lordship did not think
it troublesome, there is nothing can hapen here but I can send your Lordship.
The seige off Minnan is goeing on verie well, commanded by Generall Salice,
generall of the Hollands infantrie. My Lord Orknay is there as liftenant
generall. The Duke of Argyle is there as brigadeer of 4 English battallions
and two Scots, Murrays and Landers, after being att the seige of Ostend with
his regiment, but sustained no loss. The Prince off Prussia base joined us
with 1 8 thousand men — verie fine troups. We expect Minnan will not hold
four day[s] after our batteries are formed. The Frensh base no armie here in
the feild to oppose us, soe that we expect to take Tournay, Lile, Mons, Ath,
Iper, and Newport this campayne. Our descent from England is going on


verie well under the command of my Lord Eivers. There is three regiments
goen out of this country, — Lallos, Machartney, and Farringtons. My Lord
Mordan commands them, I wish I could have the honour to receive two
lines from your Lordship, as I am in duty bound to wish your Lordship well
as patron of my country, and to continue, my Lord,

Your Lordships most humble servant,

EoD, Bayne.

My Lord, there is no man more desirous to serve his country and your
Lordship then I am ; but, my Lord, I can not, without a remission for that
unfortunat busines hapened me att home, againest my will, God Amighty
knows. Your Lordship promised me att London I should have it, if I did
behave myself well. I whollie depend upon your Lordship's promis.

Colline Mackenzie, Tarvies son, dyed verie soon after he came to the
Bosh, If your Lordship pleases to write, direct to Liftenant Bayne off
Colonel Godfreys regiment, in the English camp.

To the right honorable the Earle of Cromerty — These.

273, Sir John Macleane to [The Same].

London, October 9th, 170G.
My Lord, — Since my wife is to deliver this, it spaires you the trouble of
a long detail of my affaires. I shall onlie tell yow that since my last to yow
of the moneth of Apryll I have been at work to gett the Queens leave to goe
to Scotland ; and after the English ministers had purged themselves from
haveing a hand in the obstacle, I importuned the Scotch till they did as much ;
and at last the treasurer told me the Queen inclined I should wayte till
Argyll was consulted, Att his comeing hither I applyed myself to him, and



told him what the treasurer said. He was in a passion, and said he wondered
what the treasurer meant, and swore he never made any objection, nor never
spoke of it, and that, if the treasurer designed to putt a hardshippe on me, he
must not putt it on his shoulders, and desired me to tell him so from him.
The treasurer promised me to speake to him, but afterwardes told me he hade
forgott, but that he would write to him ; but Argyll told me he never did,
and said to me at the same time that I did not knowe the treasurer so weell
as he did. I have written to Argyll to writt me a letter, which I may showe
the treasurer, for, when the Duke was in Flanders, the treasurer told me that
would be sufficient. Whenever his Lordsliip returnes to Newmarkett, I will
apply to him again, for I find there is nothing to be done without importu-
nity. I found Marr very civil when he was heere, but so umourous that I
could not expect any thing by him. In on[e] word, since your Lordship went
from hence, there is not one in the ministrie who, I beleeve, would not be
afraid of nameing me to the Queen, for feare of a certain great man. I leave
my wife to give your Lordship a particular acount of my circumstances, and
to followe your Lordship's directiones in all that concernes me, and shall
onlie beg leave to asseur your Lordship that I am, and will be inviolablie,

my Lord,

Your most faithfull and most humble servant,


274. George first Earl of Cromartie to [John Earl of Mar].'^

8 Januar 1707.
]\Iy Lord, — I wish your Lordship this and many a good year. I wish
my freends at London best of any there. 1 wish they may take the best

^ Orkdnal Letter in the Mar Charter-chest.


of measures ; and regrate when others (whom I doe not love so weell)
take the wrong end of the staff. I wish that those who defend the exor-
bitant gain of manadgers and their practises, may find a way to pay just
debts to those who deserves no less then these ten thousand pounders (as is
said). But my provence is to submit to sovereign determinations. These
are my new year gifts to the Earl of Marr, whom I love weell and wish
happy. Now to a word of intreaty (not for myself, for then I could not rea-
sonably hope for success by experience). It is for Glenderule, who, I presuni,
hath good freends amongst your Lordships freends, that in the new regi-
ments, wherof wee hear much, he may have a company. I'm sure he can be
[as] serviceable at occasion for new levies as any other can be. He hath war-
ranted me to be caution for beeing your Lordships servan[t] ; and your favour
beeing a free gift, will ty him the more to be yours. If he gett any, he can
be more usefull to your Lordship and other freends, and in helping of recruits
in a regiment at home then abroad. INIy Lord, I alwayes presume yow will

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