William H. Long.

Medals of the British navy and how they were won : with a list of those officers, who for their gallant conduct were granted honorary swords and plate by the Committee of the Patriotic Fund online

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Medals



OF THE



R.IT1SH Navy




HOW THEY WER.E WON




pOLD JMedal given bv Pap^liament to Captain W. j^addock

AS A JIeWARD for his pALLANTRY
IN THE JVIeMOI^ABLE /iCTlOU WITH THE PuTCH fLEET IN 1653.



MEDALS



OF THE



BRITISH NAVY



AND



HOW THEY WERE WON.



WITH A LIST OF THOSE OFFICERS WHO FOR THEIR

GALLANT CONDUCT WERE GRANTED HONORARY

SWORDS AND PLATE BY THE COMMITTEE

OF THE PATRIOTIC FUND.



By W. H. long.

Editor of " Memoirs of Lady Hamilton," '• Medals of the British
Army and How they ■w"ere Won," &c.



. " I'll fight at sea,"

We'll to our ship,"

" Clap on more sails ; pursue ! , up -with your fights !

Give fire, she is my prize."

— Hhakespeare.



LONDON :
NORIE & WILSON, 156 MINORIES.

PORTSMOUTH : W. H. LONG, 120 HIGH STREET.
1895



To Admiral of the Fleet

THE HOXOURABLE

SIR HENRY KEPPEL, G.C.B.,

ONE OF THE LAST OF THE OLD SCHOOL OF BRITISH SEAMEN,

THIS WORK, WITH HIS PERMISSION, IS DEDICATED,

AS A SLIGHT TOKEN OF RESPECT AND ESTEEM,

BY THE AUTHOR.



M 8827



PREFACE



nnO the bravery and skill of th.e Navy, England owes her
commanding position among the nations, and almost
her existence ; and never more than at the present time did
her chief and most effective safeguard consist in the strength
and efficiency of her fleets. The following pages aim at
giving a simple and concise, but comprehensive record, of the
deeds of heroism and bravery performed by British seamen,
for which honours and rewards were bestowed by their rulers
and countrymen. The coloured plates and woodcuts illustra-
ting the work have been executed from the Medals themselves,
and the narratives of how they were won, have been gathered
from sources too numerous to be enumerated, many of the
anecdotes of individual gallantry being taken from publica-
tions now almost forgotten, and related as far as possible in
the words of the actors themselves. The notices of the earlier
Medals, and of some of those to whom they were given, it is
believed will be found more full and accurate than in any
previous work ; and a list of aU Officers who received Honor-
ary Swords and Plate from the Committee of the Patriotic
Fund, with brief accounts of the deeds for which they were
granted, has been included.

W. H. L.
November, 1895.



CONTENTS



Naval Sledals of Queen Elizabeth

James I.

Charles I.

the Commonwealth

Charles II.

Williami and Mary

Queen Anne

George I. and II.

George III.

Lord Howe's Victory off Ushant, June 1st, 1794

Battle of St. Vincent, February 14th, 1797

Battle of Camperdown, October 11th, 1797

Battle of the Nile, August 1st, 179S

Eecapture of the " Hermione ". .

Battle of Trafalgar, October 21st, 1805

Action off Ferrol, 1805

Battle of St. Domingo, 1806

Capture of Curacoa, 1807

" Sea Horse " and " Badere Zaffer "

" Amethyst " and " Thetis "

" Bonne Citoyenne " and " Furieuse "

Capture of Banda Neira

Action off Lissa

•' Victorious " and " Rivoli "

" Shannon " and " Chesapeake "

" Hebrus " and " L'Etoile "

" Endymion " and " President "

Earl St. Vincent's Medal

The Wooldridge Gold Medal

Begur and Palamos Medal

Turkish Medal for Acre

Naval General Service Medal, 1793-1840

List of the Ships and Actions for which Medals have

" Nymphe " and " Cleopatra " . .

" Crescent " and " Reunion "

" Zebra " at Martinique



been awarded



PAGE.

. 6
. 7



9

15
21
24
27
32
33
37
39
40
42
43
45
46
47
48
50
50
51
53
54
55
56
57
59
59
60
60
65
67
67
68
69



CQNTENTS.



" Carysfort " and " Castor " . .

" Romney " and " Sybille " . .

•' Blanche " and " Pique "

*' Lively " and " Tourterelle "

Vice-Admiral Hotlmm's Action with the French Fleet

♦' Astrsea " and " Gloire "

*' Thetis " and " Hussar "

" Mosquito " and a Privateer ..

Retreat of Vice-Admiral Cornwallis

Lord Bridport's Action with the French Fleet

*' Dido " and " Lowestoffe " . .

" Spider " and Two Brigs

" Diamond " at Port Spergin

" Indefatigable " and " Virginie "

*' Unicorn " and " Santa Margaritta " with Two French Frigates

" Southampton " and " Utile " . .

*' Dryad " and " Proserpine " . .

•' Terpsichore " and " Mahonesa "

" Lapwing," " Decius," and " Vaillante " . .

" Minerve " and " Blanche," with Spanish Frigates

" Indefatigable " and " Amazon," with " Droits de I'Homme "

" San Fiorenza " and " Nymphe," with Two French Frigates

" Phoebe " and " Nereide "

*' Mars " and " L'Hercule "

Defence of Marcouf . .

" Lion " and Four Spanish Frigates

" Espoir " and " Liguria "

Sir J. B. Warren's Action with French Squadron

" Fisguard " and " L'Immortalite "

" Sybille " and " La Forte " . .

" Telegraph " and " L'Hirondelle "

Sir Sydney Smith's Defence of Acre

" Pylades " and " Espiegle " at Schiermonikoog

" Arrow " and " Wolverine " . .

" Speedy " and Spanish Gunboats

" Courier " and " Guerrier "

" Viper " and " Furet "

" Fairy," " Harpy," and " Pallas "

" Peterel " and " La Ligurienne "

" Penelope," " Vinciego," and " Guillaume Tell "

" Dart " with " Desiree " and others



PAGE.

70
70
71
73
73
75
75



CONTENTS.



IX.



<' Seine " and " Vengeance " . .

" Phoebe " and " Africaine " . .

Operations on the Coast of Egypt

Battle of Copenhagen

" Speed)' " and " Gamo "

Sir J. Saumarez's Action with French and Spanish

" Sylph " and " Artemise "

" Pasley " and " Rosario "

" Scorpion," " Beaver," and " Atalante " . .

" Centurion " with " Marengo " and Frigates

" Arrow " and " Acheron" with French Frigates

" San Piorenza " and " Psyche "

•' Phoenix " and " Didon "

" London " and " Amazon," with " Marengo " and

" Pique " with " Phseton " and " Voltigeur "

" Sirius " with French Flotilla . .

" Blanche " and " Guerriere " . .

" Arethusa," " Anson," and " Pomona "

" Pickle " and " La Favourite "

" Hydra " at Begur ..

" Comus " and " Frederickscoarn "

" Louisa " and Privateer

" Carrier " and " L'Actif "

" Anne " with Spanish Gunboats

" Sappho " and " Admiral Yawl "

" San Fiorenza " and " Piedmontaise "

'• Emerald " at Vivero

'• Childers " and " Lougen "

" Stately," " Nassau," and " Christian Frederick"

" Alceste," " Mercury," and " Grasshopper," with

" Grasshopper " and " Rapid " . .

" Redwing " and Spanish Gunboats

" Virginie " and " Guelderland "

" Redwing " at Tarifa

" Comet " and " Sylphe "

" Centaur," " Implacable," and " Sewolod "

" Cruiser " with a Flotilla

"Circe," " Amaranthe," and others, off the Pearl

" Onyx " and " Manly "

" Confiance " and Capture of Cayenne

Capture of Martinique



Squadrons



rock



PAGE.

.. 109
.. 110
.. Ill
.. 114
.. 117
.. 119
.. 121
.. 122
.. 123
.. 124
.. 125
.. 126
.. 127
3lle Poule " 128
.. 129
.. 130
.. 131
132
133
133
134
135
135
136
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
142
143
144
144
145
147
147
149
149
150



Gunboats



CONTENTS.



Seine



Squadron



" Horatio," " Superieure," and " Junon " . .

" Amethyst " and " Niemen " . .

Basque Roads, 1809 . .

" Pompee," " Castor," " Recruit," and " Hautpoult "

" Cyane " and " Espoir," with " Ceres " and Gunboats

" Diana " and " Zephyr "

" Sceptre," " Blonde " and others, with " Loire " and

" Cherokee " and " L'Amiable Nelly "

" Scorpion " and " L'Oreste "

Capture of Guadaloupe

" Thistle " and " Havik "

" Surly," " Firm," and " Alcide "

" Sylvia " and " Echo "

•' Spartan " with " Ceres " and " Sparvi^re "

" Royalist " and Six French Vessels

" Thames," " Pilot," and " Weazle," at Amanthea

" Boadicea," " Otter," and " Staunch," with French

" Briseis " and " Sans-Souci " . .

Defence of Anholt . .

" Arrow " with Chasse-Marees . .

" Astrsea," " Phoebe," " Galatea," and " Racehorse,"

Frigates
" Ha wke " and " Heron "
Capture of Java

" Skylark " and " Locust " with Flotilla . .
" Alceste," " Active," and " Unitie," with French Fri
" Rosario " and " Grifion," with Flotilla
" Northumberland " and " Growler," with French Frigates
" Hyacinth," " Goshawk," and " Resolute," at Malaga
"Dictator," " Podargus," &c., off Mardoe .,
" Sealark " and " Ville de Caen "
" Royalist " and " La Ruse " . .
" Weazle " with Gunboats
" Pelican " and " Argus "
Siege of St. Sebastian
" Thunder " and " Neptune " . .
Capture of Gluckstadt

"Venerable," "Cyane," and French Frigates
" Eurotas " and " Clorinde "
" Phcebe," " Cherub," and " Essex "
Operations in the Potomac



with French



gates



PAGE.
. 151

. 153
. 154
. 162
. 164

. ie;6

. 166

. 16S

. 169

. 169

170

171

172

172

174

174

175

176

177

178



CONTENTS.



XI.



" Malta " and " Berwick " at Gaeta
Battle of Algiers, 1816
Battle of Navarino, 1827

BOAT ACTIONS.

Willemstadt

Martinique

Cutting out the " Mutine "

" Belle Aurora "

Re-capture of the " Lady Nelson "
Capture of the " Cerbere "
Cutting out the " Guepe "

. " San Josef " . .

" Chevrette "

" Venteux "

Capture of a Schooner

— the " Curieux "

" Confiance " . .

Cutting out the " Caesar "
Capture of a Privateer

the "Lynx"

the " Galliard "

a Gunboat off the Tagus

an Armed Ship at Port d'Anzo . .

. the " Pama " and a Cutter at Nyborg

Boats of the " Heureux " at Mahaut

Destruction of Gunboats and Convoy at Hango

Storming Battery at Carri

Capture of Cutter and Schooner by Boats of the " Fawn '

Russian Gunboats . .

a Battery at Bremerle

Six Gunboats at Duin

Boats of the " Amphion" at Cortelazzo
Destruction of Convoy at Rosas
Cutting out of the "Nisus " at Guadaloupe
Attack on French Gunboats in Basque Roads
Capture of Fort at Jacotel

Twenty-Five Vessels at Grao . .

Storming Batteries in Basque Roads

Capture of the " Csesar "

Attack on Shipping at Port St. Mary



PAGE.

.. 204
.. 204
.. 209



.. 215

.. 216

.. 217

.. 217

.. 218

.. 219

.. 220

.. 221

.. 221

.. 225

.. 225

.. 226

.. 227

.. 229

.. 231

,. 231

.. 233

.. 233

.. 284

.. 235

.. 236

.. 236

.. 238

.. 238

.. 238

.. 239

.. 240

.. 240

.. 241

.. 243

.. 244

.. 244

.. 246

.. 247

.. 248

.. 249



CONTENTS.



Destruction of the Frigate " L'Elize "

a Brig at Parenza

Capture of Port Marrack, Java . .

Three Danish Gunboats

Two Danish Vessels.,

the " Languedocienne "

the Xebec " Martinet "

Gunboats off Istria . .

Gunboats at Maestro

Attack on Mittau

Capture of Five Gun brigs near Otranto

Two Danish Gunboats

the " Whampoa "

Destruction of Fort, Foundry, &c., at French Town
Capture of Battery and Vessels at Morgion
Destruction of Vessels in the Connecticut River
Capture of " L'Aigle "

the " Tigress " and " Scorpion "

Five Gunvessels and a Sloop in Lake Borgne

The China Medals . .
First War with China, 1840-42 . .
Second War with China, 1856-60
Action in Fatshan Creek
Capture of Canton . .

the Taku Forts, 1858

Taku Forts and Pekin, 1860
The Burmese Medals
First War with Burmah, 1824-6..
Second War with Burmah, 1852-3
Third War with Burmah, 1885-7
Perak Expedition, 1875
■ The New Zealand Medal
First New Zealand War, 1845-47
Second New Zealand War, 1860-66
The Cape, or South Africa Medal
The Kaffir War, 1850-53

Campaign against the Galekas and Gaikas, 1377-78
The Zulu War, 1879 . .
The Crimean Medal . .
The War in the Crimea, 1854-56
Bombardment of Sebastopol



PAGE.

.. 249
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".. 256
.. 256
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.. 264
.. 264
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.. 267
.. 268
.. 277
.. 279
.. 282
.. 283
.. 285
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.. 287
.. 292
... 295
.. 296
.. 298
.. 298
.. 308
.. 307
.. 308
.. 309
.. 311
.. 314
.. 314
.. 316



CONTENTS.



XIII.



Operations in the Sea of Azoff . .

The Baltic Medal

The Indian Mutiny Medal

The " Shannon " and " Pearl " Brigades in India

The Abyssinian Medal

The Abyssinian Expedition, 1867-8

The Ashantee Medal. .

The Ashantee War, 1873-4

The Egyptian and Soudan Medals

The Bombardment of Alexandria, 1882

Operations in Egypt and Battle of Tel-el-Kebir

War in the Soudan, Battle of El-Teb

Tamaai

Suakin, 1884

The Nile, 1884-5

Abu Klea

Suakin, 1885

Tofrek, 1885

Gemaizah, 1888

The Medal for Long

The Medal for Conspicuous Gallantry

The Victoria Cross

Distinguished Service Order

Miscellaneous Naval Medals

The Naval Engineers' Medal

The Arctic Medals . .

The Albert Medal

The Turkish Medal for Egypt

The French Military Medal

The Sardinian IMedal

The Turkish Medal ...

Honorary Rewards granted by the Patriotic Fund

Honorary Swords

Honorary Plate



Service and Good Conduct



Alphabetical Index



PAGE.

.. 319

.. 321
.. 332
.. 332
.. 337
.. 337
.. 342
.. 343
.. 354
.. 357
.. 360
.. 364
.. 366
.. 368
.. 370
.. 371
.. 379
.. 881
.. 385
.. 386
.. 386
.. 388
.. 394
.. 394
.. 394
.. 395
.. 396
.. 397
.. 397
.. 398
.. 398
,. 399
.. 400
.. 428

At End



COLOURED PLATES.



Haddock's Gold Medal

The Trafalgar Gold Medal

Davison's Nile Medal

Boulton's Trafalgar Medal

The Naval General Service Medal

The Turkish Medal for Egypt, 1801

IMedal for First Chinese War . .

Medal for Second Burmese War

The New Zealand Medal

The Cape Medal

The Crimea Medal . .

The Baltic Medal . .

The Indian Mutiny Medal

The Abyssinia Medal

The Ashantee Medal

The Egyptian Medal

The Khedive's Star. .

The Victoria Cross . .

The French Crimea Medal

The Sardinian Medal

The Turkish Crimea Medal



Frontispiece
To face page 36
41
45
66
112
268
286
298
307
314
322
832
357
342
354
856
888
397
398
899



WOODCUTS



A Dutch Armada Medal

The " Ark in Flood " Medal

The " Sovereign of the Seas " Medal

The " Miruisti " Medal

The " Triumph " Medal

The " Duke of York " Medal

The " Nos Penes Imperium " IMedal

The " Pro Talibus Ausis " Medal

The Turkish Medal for Acre

The South African Medal

The Arctic Medal



FAGB
6

7

8

10

14

17

18

20

64

807

895



NAVAL MEDALS.



THE British Seamen from the days of King Alfred to the
time of Queen Victoria can boast of a roll of deeds of
daring, and \dctories gained on the ocean in the service of
their countiy, unparalleled in the history' of the world.

The sea every Briton regards as his peculiar province, and
the British Navy can show a succession of heroes, whose
dauntless valour not only secured their native land against
invasion, but who also bore its flag triumphant on the seas of
every quarter of the globe.

Although the Navy existed for centuries before a standing
Army was established, or thought necessary in England, none
of its achievements were rewarded by the presentation of
medals till the reign of Queen Elizabeth, thus preceding the
grant of medals to the Armj^ — by Charles I. — little more
than fift}- years.

Oval medals bearing the effigies of Henry VIII., Queen
Elizabeth, and James I., are in existence, which were at-
tached to chains or ribbons, and undoubtedly worn as marks
of royal favour, but on whom the}' were conferred, scarcely
anything can be stated with certainty. After the defeat of
the Spanish Ai-mada, in 1588, medals, in gold and silver,
were struck by the English* and Dutch to commemorate the
event ; and some of them, now in the British Museum, which



* One of these has on one side the head of the Queen, and on the
other a fleet thrown into confusion by fireships, with the inscription
" Dux foemina facti " ; and on the reverse of another is a representation
of a flying fleet, with the legend " Venit, vidit, fugit." Another Dutch
medal, has on the obverse a scattered fleet, with the legend " Flavit et
dissipati, 1588," and on the reverse a church on a rock surrounded by
the waves, encircled by the words " AUidor non Laedor."

S



b NAVAL MEDALS.

bave nags and chains attached to them, were unquestion-
ably worn as decorations, but by whom, no information is
forthcoming. These medals were evidently intended to be
worn from the neck, but they were sometimes worn in the
hat, or fastened with a scarf round the left arm. Whether




A Dutch Akmada Medal.

they were given specially for services against the Armada,
or generally as a reward to distinguished officers, or as
honorary badges to favourite courtiers, is imcertain ; but
as many of them have rings and loops for suspension, they
were evidently worn by the recipients.

The medals of Elizabeth in the British Museum have on
the obverse the bust of the Queen, crowned, in a ruff, with
the legend " Ditior in toto non alter circulus Orbe," and on
the reverse a bay tree on an island, with the inscription
"Non Ipsa pericula tangunt," with the letters " E.E." in
the centre.

Another medal, known as the "Ark in Flood" medal, was
issued by the Queen, in gold and silver, and according to
Pinkerton, given to notable marine commanders, as a token of
royal approbation ; but nothing positively can be stated of
them, excejjt, as they have a loop for suspension, they were
worn, or were intended to be worn, as a personal decoration.
This medal which is in shape oval, has on the obverse the
bust of the Queen, surrounded by the legend "Elizabeth D.G.



NAVAL MEDALS.



Anglie, F. et H. Eeg." and on the reverse, the Ark upon tlie
Mood, under Divine protection, surrounded hy the words
"Per undas sevas tranquilla."




A very similar medal to this was struck by King James I.,
in gold and silver, apparently as a reward for Naval Services.
In shape it is oval, and has a ring for suspension as a decora-
tion, but to whom it was given, nothing reliable is known.
It is a fine specimen of the medallic art, having on the obverse
the bust of the King in a broad-brimmed hat, with a jewel
and feather, and the words "Jacobus D.Gr. Mag. Brita. Fr. et
Hi. Rex." On the reverse is the Ark, under the symbol of
Divine protection, with the legend " Stet salvus in imdis."*



* Another type of this medal has on the obverse the bust of the
King in armour, with a ruff, bareheaded, with his usual titles, and
words " Fidei Defensor " around his head, reverse the same.

In 1607, the King issued a warrant to the Chamberlains of the
Exchequer for the payment of £1183 5s. Id., a large portion of which
sum was to defray the cost of gold chains and medals, presented as
New Year's gifts to the Earl of Essex, the Venetian Ambassador,
Antonio de Gomme, Andrew Sinclair, Sir H. Carey Master of the
Jewels, the Duke of Lorraine, Peter Monk Admiral of Denmark, the
Marquis of St. Germains, Monsieur Le Bas, the Marquis Gulderstein,
Dr. Bull, the Duke of York, our second son, and others.



8 NAVAi, MEDALS.

Charles I. increased the wages of the seamen in the Royal
Navy, and was mindful of the supremac}^ of England on the
sea. Having fitted out a formidable fleet by the ship
money extorted from his unwilling subjects, and built at
Woolwich, in 1637, the " Eoyal Sovereign of the Seas," the
first three -decked ship in the Boyal Navy, he struck a
large medal, or rather a medallion, in commemoration of the
event. On the obverse is the bust of the King in armour,
with his usual titles, and on the reverse a representation of
the "Sovereign of the Seas" under sail, surrounded by the
legend " Nee nieta mihi cj[ui terminus orbi," referring to the




dominion of the sea claimed by England. There are two
varieties of this medal, which, from its size, was never in-
tended to be worn as a decoration. On the obverse of one
the King is represented in a ruff, and in the other wearing a
plain falling band, with long curling hair. A much smaller
medal was struck about the same time, with the bust of the
King and his titles on the obverse, and on the reverse a ship
under sail, surrounded by the same legend as in the large



XAV.4L MEDALS. 9

mecIaUion, but with the date 1639 in the exergue. The
obverse and reverse of this medal, which may have been
intended for distribution as a reward for naval services, is
quite different to the design of the large medallion.



NAVAL MEDALS OF THE COMMONAVEALTH.

DuEixG the Commonwealth the Nav}- again rose to the
first place in the defence of the country, and nobly asserted
its dominion on the sea ; and at no period in our history
was it maintained in a higher state of efficiency, and the
officers and men better treated and encouraged, than under
the ride of the Long Parliament and Oliver Cromwell. In
1648-49 it was actively engaged against the royalist ships
imder Prince Rupert, which sailing from Holland and
Jersey, captured scores of English merchantmen, and threat-
ened to blockade the Thames, till they were driven from the
narrow seas by Admiral Blake.

The Parliament took special care that its sailors were
well cared for and rewarded. On June 29th, 1649 the
Admiralty Committee issued a warrant to the Collectors for
prize goods to put aside the tenths of all prizes that came
into their hands, till they amounted to £1000, which sum
was to be disjjosed of in medals or otherwise, by way of
reward to captains, commanders, and seamen, who had done
good service at sea."^"

Soon afterwards, Lieutenant Hose, in the " Happy En-
trance," fell in with and destroyed the "Antelope," one of
the best of Rupert's fleet ; and on October 29th, 1649, the
Council of State ordered that Lieutenant Stephen Rose,
commander of the "Happy Entrance," was to be given a
gratuity of £50, of which 40s. was to be in a gold medal, as
a reward. James Parker, a volunteer, and Thomas Tulley,

' State Papers, Dom. Vol. 2. 1649.



10



NAVAL MEDALS.



corporal of the same ship, were ordered to have £10 each, and
a gold medal of the value of 20s., and nine seamen £5 each,
payable out of the tenths by the collectors for i)rize goods,
who were ordered to pa}' the mone}^ and provide the medals.*
The celebrated Thomas Simon was employed to design the
medals, and on November 15th, 1649, specimens were sub-
mitted to the Council of State and approved of.f They
were first given for services done against the royalist fleet in
the summer of 1649,:|: and the distribution of medals by the
Parliament was far more liberal than has been generally suj)-
posed. The medal was struck in gold and silver, oval in shape,




and has on one side a cable and anchor, with two shields sus-
pended from the stock, bearing the arms of England and
Ireland, with the word " Miruisti." On the obverse is
a representation of the House of Commons during a sitting.
On the stock of the anchor are the initials of the engraver,



• State Papers, Dom. Vol. ;-3. 1649.

t " Die Jovis, ]5 Nov., 1649. — Ordered, that ye formes of ye Medalls
which are now brought in to be given to ye several mariners who have
done good service this last summer bee approved of. Viz., the Armas
of ye Commonwealth on one side, with "Meruisti" written above it,
and ye picture of ye house of Commons on the other." -Order Book of
the Council of State, No. 31.

I On April 13th, 1650, the Admiralty Committee in consideration
of the good services done by Captain Richard Stayner and Lieutenant
Thomas Axtell, in the preceding year, recommended that Captain
Stayner should be given £20, and £5 for a gold medal, and Lieutenant
Axtell £10, and 40s. for a medal, as rewards and encouragement, to be
provided by the collectors for prize goods. — State Papers, Dom. Vol.
9. 1650.



NAVAL MEDALS. 11

" T. S. " who afterwards xised the same die representing the
House of Commons, to make a reverse for the small Dunbar
Medal, struck in gold, to celebrate Cromwell's victory of
Sept. 3rd, 1650.

The press in the Tower of London was lent to Simon to
strike the medals, with the proviso that he was not to use it
for any other purpose, and to give security for the due per-
formance of his engagement'*

On the night of Jvily 31st, 1650, Captain Robert Wyard,
commander of the "Adventure," a ship of 22 guns, hired by
the Commonwealth, in charge of a small convoy from Hull, was
attacked by six Royalist frigates from Jersey, who in firing
on him shouted : " For King Charles the Second, you round-
headed dogs." The fight was maintained till the following
day, when Wj'ard, having beaten off his assailants, got into
Yarmouth. While this unequal contest was proceeding, two
other captains of hired ships, Butler and Jones, " lay within
ken," but came not to the gallant Wyard' s assistance, for
which conduct they were afterwards summoned before a
Council of War. As a reward for this action, after conferring
with Colonel Deane (slain in action with the Dutch, 1653), the
Admiralty Committee ordered that Captain Wyard should be
given a gold medal of the value of £50, with his service



Online LibraryWilliam H. LongMedals of the British navy and how they were won : with a list of those officers, who for their gallant conduct were granted honorary swords and plate by the Committee of the Patriotic Fund → online text (page 1 of 37)