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Maryland where the Fact shall appear to have been com-
mitted and that Iustice may be done as to Law shall apper-

All which is most humbly submitted
Councill Chamber
1 7 th Aprill 1690.

At the Court at Whitehall the 24 th Aprill 1690 p- 170

Present the King's most excellent Majesty in Councill.

The Right Hon ble the lords of the Committee for Trade and
Plantations having this day presented a Report to his Majesty
at the Board in the words following vitz.

May it please your Majesty

His Majesty in councill was pleased to approve the said
Report and to order that one of his Majesty's Principall Secre-
tarys of State do forthwith prepare letters for his Majesty's
Royall signature to the Leut. Governor and Councill of Vir-
ginia and to the Present Government of Maryland as is pro-
posed in the said Report.

The King's letter to the Government of Maryland p. 171

upon M r Payne's death. 26 April 1690

William R.
Trusty and welbeloved we greet you well Whereas we are
informed by the Petition of Doctor William Payne that his
Brother Iohn Payne Collector of Our customs in our Province

176 Records Illustrating the History of Maryland

p. r. o. f Maryland hath been lately murdered in the execution of
Book! ms office by some Papists confederates with Major Seawell

Vol. 52. i a t e Deputy Governor of that Province and that the Malefac-
tors making their escape into Virginia some of them are
seized and in custody there and Warrants are issued out for
apprehending the others, we have thought fit hereby to signify
our will and Pleasure that you do all that in you lies for the
punishment of so heinous a crime and bringing the said
Offenders to speedy Iustice within our Province of Maryland
if the Fact shall appear to have been committed there In
which case if any of the malefactors shall have made their
escape into Virginia or other neighbouring Colonys you are
to make application in our name to the Commanders in Chief
there that they may be conveyed in safe custody into our said
Province of Maryland there to receive a speedy tryall that
justice may be done upon them And in case the Fact shall
have been committed within our dominion of Virginia, you
are then forthwith to send thither such of the Criminalls as
shall be found in our said Province of Maryland that they may
be there proceeded against according to Law And we bid you
Farewell. From our Court at Whitehall the 26 th Day of Aprill
1690. In the 2 nd year of our reign
By his Maj ty ' s Command.


p. 164 Extract of a letter from Coll: Bacon President of the Coun-
cill of Virginia to the Committee received the 9 th of May 1690.

My Lords,

I doubt not but your Lordships have long since had an
account of our neighbour Colony Maryland that some of the
Protestants there tooke the Government out of the hands of
the President and Councill put in by the Lord Baltemore the
Proprietor and tooke on them the Government and imprisoned
divers of the Papists and others the President and Major
Nickolas Seawell one of the Councell retired with one Coll:
William Diggs a protestant who lives in Maryland and was
one of the councell there, to a house of Coll: Diggs in this
Government. My Lords th l which occasions me to give you
this account of Maryland is th' Major Seawell the beginning
of Ianuary goeing up in a small yatch or pleasure boate to his
house in Potuxent River in Maryland went on shore and he
being on shore one M 1 ' Iohn Paine their Majestie's collector of
that River came in the night with two boates and men towards
the said Yatch and the men in her bid them stand off and not
come on board, for if they did they would fire at them and he
endeavouring to come on shore, the men in the yatch fired

in the Years 1689-90. 177

and unfortunately killed M r Paine there were severall gunns p - R - °-
fired on both sides and one of the men in the yatch much Book Entry
wounded. My Lords as soone as I had notice of it and that Vo1 - 52.
the Yatch was in this Government I caused the men that were
on board her to be apprehended and they have been examined
before myself and the Councell, a Coppy of which examina-
tions I herewith transmitt to your Lordships as also the the
Examination of Iohn Reeveley who was in one of the boates
with M r Paine, which is all wee can heare of within this Gov-
ernment th* was in the boate with him. My self and the Coun-
cell after Examinacion have ordered the Person to be secured
here untill wee receved Commands from his Majesty whether
they shall be tryed here or how disposed of,

One M r Iohn Coode who is the Chief Act r in the manage-
ment of affaires in Maryland wrott to me and demanded the
persons to be dilivered him and in his Letter says that the
accident hapned in the day time and that M r Paine the Col-
lector was goeing on board to search the said yatch and soe
was murdered, the others say it was in the night and M r Paine
came as a Captain appointed by M r Coode to take them and
the yatch with armed men the truth of all will appeare upon
the Tryall, but myself and the Councill did not think fitt to
deliver them to Cap 1 Coode any other untill wee receive his
Majesties Commands what shall be done in the same Now
my Lords my humble request and the Councells to your
Lordships is that your Lordships will acquaint his Majestie
with the Matter & that wee may receive orders how to act
therein Right Hon ble

Your Lordships most humble
Nathaniell Bacon P r

M r Iohn Coode to the Secretarys of State p. r. o.


Maryland May 14 th 1690. b. LVoi. 2,
May it please your Lordshipps, B - E *

I have made bold to trouble your Lordshipps by severall
Letters whereby I have fully represented the present state and
circumstances of this their Majestie's Province, Wee have
not hitherto the happiness to know the Royall pleasure con-
cerning us, however have to the best of our Abilities exprest
our utmost becoming duty for their Majesties' service, Our
present concernment is for the Public Saftie against the inroads
and danger wee are in of the Canada French and their Indians
who (as I have already presumed to informe your Lordshipps)
have not onely destroyed Schanagtede a Towne neare Albany
and committed a greate and Barbarous Massacre there upon


178 Records Illustrating the History of Maryland

p. r. o. the Protestants but have since (as by advice from M r Iacob
b. i.Vof.^, Leisleir who has the Government of New Yorke) attempted
B - E - upon New England and have killed and imprisoned aboute
ninety nine men neare Piscataway and have Burnt some
houses and have killed and captivated about seventy persons
more neare Salem, He informes moreover that the enemie
are about two thousand five hundred french and Indians and
that having taken their March from Mount-Roy all towards
Albany will as is supposed attack that Place in which if they
succeed will endanger this Province and other their Majesties
Government in these parts, for prevention of which the said
Leisleir has sent to Virginia and this Province as well as other
neighbour Colonies for a generall communication and assist-
ance, the Viginia Government at present desponds till the
arrivall of their Governor, Wee are sending messengers
thither And upon their advice will endeavour to second them
with what assistance we are able being as well for our owne
as the Generall saftie.

Wee doubt not his Majestie has by this time (by some of
the severall Papers wee have sent) account of our dutyfull and
humble Petitions and Endeavours for his Service, The first
wee sent were taken by the French but Captaine Thomas
Everard Commander of the Thomas and Susanna wee under-
stand is well arrived, Who had the originall address to his
Majestie under the hands of the Representatives of the whole
Province in a full and free convention But wee doubt the said
Everard suffered the said address to be concealed or inter-
cepted by one Colonell Henry Darnall who got on board the
said Everard and went home with him to England a Person
the Lord Baltemore raised from the meanest condition to be
keeper of his great seale and one of the most crimminall of
any of his deputies for the many treasonable endeavors and
expressions against their Majesties and the many cruelities and
opressions committed upon their subjects of this Province of
whome and of whose behaviour in some considerable particu-
lars of this nature one Captain William Ginnis, Captaine
George Combes and Captaine Robert Goodinge can informe
who sailed home last yeare without their full clearing, the said
Darnall refusing to signe the same with the Collector in King
William's name, with many violent and unbecoming expres-
sions against his Royaltie, We humbly represent that wee
shall be always ready when it shall be agreeable to the Royall
Will and Pleasure to prove and justifie what is set forth in our
Declaration (with a great' deal more) not only against the
Lord Baltemore's late deputies but his Lordshipp himselfe and
humbly begg that the false insinuations and reports of his
Lordshipp or his instruments the said Darnall whereby they

in the Years 1689-90. 179

have endeavored to create a prepossession of greate Plunders p - R - °


and rapins committed by the protestants upon the Papists b. l
here may have no Credit with his Majestie or your Lordshipps B - E -
which is as false as wee shall allways be readie to answeare
our Proceedings before God and the King. Wee have onely
to Petition his Majestie would be graciously pleased to com-
mand the speedie Bringing to tryall the murtherers of M r Iohn
Paine his Majestie's late Collector who are now in Virginia,
humbly begging your Lordshipps pardon for this trouble

I subscribe
Your Lordshipps most obedient humbly
devoted Servant

Iohn Coode.
Maryland 1690.
From M r Coode to the Secretarys of State

M r Coode's letter to Captain Nicholsen

Maryland May the 19 1690.
May it please your Honor,

Haveing the Chiefe command for his Majesty's service in
this province, I thought it my duty to make this address, not
only to congratulate your Honor's safe arrivall but to present
an earlye tender of my due servince and respects Wee of this
Province have with longing expected your comeing into Vir-
ginia hopeing thereby to have some account of the Royall
pleasure concerning this their Majestys' Province of Mary-
land at least some sattisfaction for the innocent blood of his
Majesty's late Collector here inhumanlye and barbarously
murthered by some conscious and profligate papists lately fled
into Virginia, I have rather presumed to trouble your Honor's
patience with the inclosed (which is matter of fact th l hath past
between the government of Virginia and this Province since
our late irruption, to which with all humility referr) then that
your Honor should be in anything unacquainted from us of
our circumstances or prepossesst by their Majestie's Enemies,
who will omitt noe sort of artifice to appear innocent the
greate encouragement (I presume these Gentlemen at first had
in Virginia was from the Interest of one Coll: W m Digges, a
native and formerly an inhabitant there, one of the late secre-
tary's and deputy Governor here, a profest enemie and lately
in armes with the rest) against the regalitye of his Majestie
which not onely his late words and actings in that quality but
his own treasonable letter under his owne hand (which I
have to show) will justifie against all whom wee are and shall

180 Records Illustrating the History of Maryland

p. r. o. bee allwayes ready to make good our just complaints, as like-
b. i. a voL2 w i se tne cause that enforces us at first to flye to armes in this
B - E - province. I make bold with all humilitye to represent to your
Honor that wee shall be glad of any commands you may have
from his Majesty to remit to this province which upon the
least intimation shall be readylye obeyed with all becomeing
loyalltye and Obedience I begg your Honor's pardon for this
trouble which our remoteness as well as duty may in some
sort excuse and make necessary

I am
May it please your Honor

Your Honor's most faythfully
obedient and humble servant
Iohn Coode
Copy of M r Coode's letter to

Captain Nicholsen
Rec d 22 Oct. 1690.

p. 18 y[r Coode to Captain Nicholsen

May the 28 th 1690.
May it please your Honor,

I make bold by this to acquaint your Honor of a messenger
sent hence last weeke from my selfe to tender my due respects
and service and make your Honor acquainted by an enclosed
generall account in my letter with what had lately passed
between this Government and Virginia particularly in matters
relateing to the northerne affair of the attempts of the French
upon their Majestie's subjects there, which is the full of that
business that has come to my knowledge from New Yorke to
this day I have now received another packet from thence of
the concurrence of the northerne Government to oppose the
common enemie who hath committed some more lately mas-
sacres of which understand by the messenger hee has the
same account in a packett to the Government of Virginia, I
humbly begg your Honor's kind answer to my letter sent by
express last week

I am
May itt please your Honor
Your Honor's most faythfully obedient
Humble servant

Iohn Coode.
Copy of M r Coode's letter to

Captain Nicholsen
Rec d 22 Oct: 1690.

in the Years 1689-90. 181

May the io lh 1690. p - R- o.

C- J o y Maryland

V 1 • i B1 - Vol- 2.

In yours you desired me to send to you If I had anything of B - E.
moment. I have no great matter any further than at this time p ' 23
There is att my house 14 Cemockoes and they tell me they
have cut of the principal place of Canada excepting the place
where the Govern 1 " doth reside they likewise tell me they
have att the fort they belong to Unandake, above 100 pris-
oners of the ffrench and the rest of the fforts have rather more
then less these Cenockoes came from their own country
about the last of Aprill last past, their intent is to settle among
the Susquahanough Indians here, upon the Susquahanough
River for there is some of every ffort of the Cenockoes come
down to them and they tell me th l their great men will be downe
very shortly, I doe desire your Honor's instructions what I
may doe with them as soon as possible you can not else at
present but my service to your Honor and

I am
Yours to command

Iacob Younge
To the Hon ble Iohn Coode Commander in chiefe at his House
near Potomack River in Maryland.

[Richard Hill to Capt. Browne.]
Captain Philips etc about M r Hill in Maryland

Iune I st (In the wilderness) 1690.
Captaine Browne, Sir,

The great terrors & oppressions I am under is the cause of
my addressing myselfe to you and the rest of the Commanders
of the Shipps There hath been att my house this two days
near forty men in armes in a most violent rage against me,
having a comission to bring me before their Generall alive or
dead but what there occasion against me is, I know not, for to
my knowledge I have neither spoken nor acted any thing that
can carry the least tincture of dishonor or disloyaltie to their
sacred Majesties nor ill becoming a loyall subject but indeed
I have somewhat opposed their illegal and arbitrary proceed-
ings but was Encouraged soe to do by a great number of the
inhabitants of this and other Counties and of the most consid-
erable of them which are now overawed and dare not appear
in the vindication of truth and justice, This in their majesties
name as I am an Englishman and their Majesties' Loyall and
obedient subject, I crave your assistance in the safeguard of
myself and estate which If I fall into their hands are both in
jeopardy and have been these two nights and days, my shipp
which I have with great pains and industry now fully accom-

P . 19

1 82 Records Illustrating the History of Maryland

p. r. o. plished which hath cost me about ^"700, they have seized dis-
b. i/voi™, persed my men and keep possession soe that I have not the
B - E - opportunitye to compleat her loading to goe with their Majesties
shipps, on purpose to ruine me merely out of spight. Gen-
tlemen I know you have their Majesties' commission and hope
in a capacity to relieve their distressed and abused subject by
the violations of our Laws and liberties, my house they have
rifled turned their horses into my cornfields and distroyed it
all. I am forced to lye in the wilderness in danger of my life
I should think my selfe happy and att liberty tho' a Prisoner
to that rageing Tyrant of France, to what I am now My crimes
I am not worthy to know although I offer five thousand pounds
Bond to answer their charge, be it what it will, Gentlemen I
have none else to appeal to, but God and you therefore I
begg for the sake of God and the honor of their most sacred
Majesties to commisserate my condition and yield me some
redress, my children are almost all distracted they little
regard the King's letter

I am hardly
Richard Hill
Copy of letter from Captain Philips etc
about M r Hill in Maryland
Iune 2 nd 1690.

P . 46 James Heath Agent for the R l Hon ble the

Lord Prop ry of this Province demandeth
of the Persons concerned as followeth

Imp r The delivery to him the said Agent of all the Bills and
Bonds remaining in the Land Office or else where and
belonging to his Lordsp being taken for Lands or otherwayes
relateing to his private Estate.

2 dly The delivery of Matapany House Plantation and Stock
w th an Account of the disposall of the latter and his Lordsps
Mill with an Account of the profifitts thereof.

3 rdly An Account of all shipping entred and cleared since
the first of August last, and the Bills of Exch a or money rece d
for the same.

4 thly The delivery of all other Papers, Matters and Things
anywayes relateing or appertaining to his Lordships private
Estate or concernes.

And the said James Heath desireth of such persons as at
present execute publick Power in this Province that they will
give their orders necessary for the delivery of the severall par-
ticulars as aforesaid and likewise withdraw their orders from
all persons executing as Navall Officers or Collect 1 " 5 in this

in the Years 1689-90. 183

Province soe far forth as relates to the Revenue ariseing here p - R - °-
and that the same may be left to the management of the said b.7vo1.
Heath and his Deputies. Dated in Maryland June 2 d 1690. B - E -

Jam: Heath.

The Answer and Result of the Gent 1
or Comand r in Cheif of the Comittee
met at Talbot Court house the 18 th
day of June 1690. to the within sever-
all proposall-s of M r James Heath viz 1

1. That all Bills and Bonds passed and made payable to his
Lordsp remaining in the Land Office or elsewhere for Lands
or otherwise relateing to his Lordships private Estate be deliv-
ered to his Lordsps Agent excepting only for such Lands
whereof no Certificates have been returned and recorded the
Collection whereof are to be suspended untill such time as the
consideration of the said Bill and Bonds be complyed with by
making a good and firm title to the same.

2. Mattapony House and Plant a being a Garrison inforted
and by the late Government under his Lordsp surrendered
upon Articles to his Maj tyes use, it is not thought fit or con-
venient to alter the property thereof untill such time as his
Maj tyes pleasure therein be known and his directions accord-
ingly given, but as for the Stock (as it hath not been denyed
soe) it is not the design of the present executive power to
obstruct his Lordsps Agent to make the best advantage
thereof Noe part thereof having been otherwayes employed or
made use of by any of this present power or by their order
more than what was necessaryly expended for their Maj ,yes
service in the reduceing of the said late Government and is all
there in being for anything known to the present authority
save what Mad m Darnall and Mad m Sewall may have taken
and applyed to uses best known to themselves.

That the said Agent have the use of the Plan' 3 for the
Benefit of his Lordsps Stock thereon the Cropp of Corn &c:
thereon growing to be and enure to the use of person there
resideing who planted the same.

3. This Article included and answered in the last conclusive

4. All papers matters and things any wayes relateing to his
Lordsps private estate (in whose hands soever) to be delivered
up to his Lordsps Agent.

His Lordsps said Agent from henceforth to collect and
receive by such wayes and meanes as he shall think fit the
moyety of the 2 s -p hh for every shipp or vessell hereafter to
arrive and enter within this Province and that for the rest of

184 Records Illustrating the History of Maryland

p. r. o. the dutyes upon shipping here accrueing according to the

B. i!"voLa! Law and usuall custome of this Province they be collected by

B.E.' the Navall Officers appointed by the Representative Body of

this Province in the late Gen 11 Convention to such uses and by

such wayes and meanes as therein is provided.

Signed -p ord r

•p John Llewellin Clk.

The Persons names of the aforesaid Comittee
John Coode S l Ma: Co: the Cheif.
• George Robotham ) TalbQt Co;
John Edmundson )

Vivian Beal, Cal: Co:
Mich: Miller
W m Harris

King, Sumerset Co:


Edw: Jones, Cecill Co:

James Heath's demands
& Coode & his Committees
Answere thereto

P . i 9 Ann Arundle County Iune the 90 th

Most Hon bIe Sir,

Wee take the boldness to recommend to your Honor the
bearer Captain Richard Hill of Ann Arundle County in their
Majestie's province of Maryland who in his greatest extremity
and distress applied himselfe to us for redress, being informed
wee had their Majestie's immediate commission, by which he
was in hopes wee might be capable to assist or at least advise
him in this his great straight and as we are unwilling to
mingle with the disorders already in the Government advised
•him to apply himselfe to your Honor, And as he is altogether
a stranger to your Honor but well knowne to us, wee think itt
our duty to render an account of what we know both of his
person and present troubles And as wee are unwilling to
flatter him we will by no means disceive your Honor in his
• Character. He is a person with whom we have had conver-
sation and acquaintance these many years, he is a good com-
monwealth man and of good fame, a protestant and a loyall
subject to their Majesties for which reasons we could do no
less then give care to his grieveous complaint to us by his
letter, A true coppie of which we have here with sent your
Honor upon which we took the trouble upon us to go to his

in the Years 1689-90. 185

house over which wee found a guard of soldiers aboard his p - R - °-
shipp which he lately built here, we alsoe found a consider- b.Tvo).
able number of armed men in possession In short we found B - E -
the truth *of what he had communicated to us in his letter
before which made us the more willing to know his crimes
which might occasion this severity at length with much
trouble we came to the speech of the commander of the troope
in whose hands the bloody warrant was, the purpose of which
was to bring him the said Hill alive or dead but no crimes
inserted, which warrant was committed to a fitt person to
execute, had it been in his power He is of the scotish race, a
highlander born as it is said with whom we discourst laying
before him the strange and unusual method they took desire-
ing to know what the crimes were, for which such violence
was used His answer was that if he could not see Capt. Hill,
he had nothing to say upon which we urged no further But
in the return to our Ships we were guided to Captain Hill in
the woods, the safest refuge he could then fly to we discourst
him and doe think itt proper to signify to your Honor what
our understandings and apprehensions are of the whole matter
Captain Hill is a person that has undergone several credible
offices in this Province, was by those now in power turned out
of all which he doth not kindly resent soe that his greatest
crime is, he is apt to talk what others tho' of his opinion dare
hardly think. Wee are loth to give your Honor further
trouble being confident of your Honor's candor and good will
to all good men will not prove otherwise to this suppliant in
who favour this chiefely is, requesting your Honor's favourable
constructions and such assistance or advice as to your Honor's
prudence and wisdom shall seem most meet In all which wee
crave your Honor's pardon and favour to be, Your Honor's
most humble servants

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