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.Tl^d' I.&



HARVARD
COLLEGE
LIBRARY




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THE



ASIATIC JOURNAL



MONTHLY REGISTER



BRITISH AND FOREIGN INDIA, CHINA,



AND



AUSTRALASIA.



VOL. XXXIL— NEW SERIES.
MAY— AUGUST, 1840.



LONDON:
Wm. H. ALLEN AND CO.,

LEADENHALL STREET.
1840.

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KIRYAKD COLLEGE LIBRARY



rRINTKU BY J. L. COX AND SONS, 75, GIlKAT QUKBN STKKBT,
LINCOLN*S.INN riELOft.



.0 ^y

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CONTENTS OF VOL. XXXII.



Pa»t I.

Review of Eastern News, Nos.XXIX. to XXXII 1, 73, 149, 217

Siberia:— No. II. Nishnej-Kolymsk— the General Character of Northern

Siberia. — ^No. III. Sledge Excursions over the Ice of the Polar Ocean. 5, 87

Professor Wilson's Edition of "* Mill's History of British India " 19

The Garland 21

Notes of a Journey through France and Egypt to Bombay : — No. V. The

Desert.— No. VI. Voyage from Suez to Aden.— No. VII. Aden.— No.

VIII. Bombay 22, 103, 153, 221

The Pearl-Fisher's Song 31

Sufi Persian Poetry 32

Scenes in Southern India:— Chap. I. Madras; Hyderabad. — Chap. II.

Nundedroog; Native Females ; Weddings— Chap. III. Viziana^rum;

Wallajabad ; St. Thomas's Mount — Chap. IV. Servants ; Children ;

Cooking; Bangalore; Native Letters; Home Voyage ... 38, 77> 177f 275

Lines from the Persian of Sadi 50

The Native Prjcss of Bengal 51

Jackson and Scott's " Life of the Duke of Wellington " 58

Analecta Sinensia: — No. II. The Dragon King's Daughter — No. HI.

Biographical Pencillings — the Wan s<mou iang 69, 128

China - - 61

Anecdotes, translated from the Persian 83, 117, 207, 231, 256, 284

Great Brass Gun at Bijapur 84

A Hindu's Censure of Oratorios 100

The Powder-Bag Operation at Ghizni...... •••• 102

Verses from the Mystical Diwan of Maulavl Rum! • ••••. 110

Anecdote of Nushirvan, from the Hadlkah of Hakim Sanfi! ••••.••-... Ill

Sumatra .' 113

The Women of Hindoostan, No. VII 118

On the Administration of Government in Penang, Singapore, and Malacca 132
Analyses of Eastern Works : — No. XIII. History of Solomon and the

Simoig.«.^. 163

Anecdote from theHadTkah of Hakim Sinfi • 185

Missionary Proceedings at Bombay • • 190

On the Language and Literature of the Telugus • 196

Popular Superstitions of the Peguers or Taliens 208

Fable by Jannati • • 232

The Doctrine of the Parsls u 233

Manners and Customs of the Japanese : — No. X. Diplomatic Intercourse

with China 240

The Rat that Conquered GhlUn • ••• 252

The Campaign in Afghanistan,.. 257

The Anglo-Burmese Provinces.— No. I. Moulmein «.. • 263

Hindu Criticism....^ • 267

Ot^ceri Preaching to Sepoys r. 269

The East^India Company's Military Seminary 270

Steam Communication to India •••••••••. • 271^

Proceedings of Societies 66, 140,211

Critical Notices , 69, 145,285



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\w CONTENTS.

Page

New Publications •• , J2

Literary Notices • ]47

College Examinations : — East-India Company's Military Seminary, Addis-
combe. — East-India College, HaiUo'bury 213, S87

Public Testimonial of the Services of Gungadhur Shastree 291

Part II.

ASIATIC INTELLIGENCE.

Calcutta 1, 43, 85, 189, 297

Madras 19, 110, 208, 316

Bombay 26, 45, 113, 127, 216, 321, 332

Ceylon 30, 117, 218, 323

Penang 219, 324

Singapore 121, 220

Malacca 324

Ultra-Gangetic Provinces • 117, 323

Central Asia 50

Burmah 31, 118,325

Siam 118, 220

Dutch India • 49, 120, 221, 326

Cbina. .'. 32, 50, 121, 126, 222, 325

Cochin China 1 19

Australasia.;;. 48, 124, 232, 329

Polynesia 42

New^ Zealand ..» 42, 331

Sandwich Islands 125

Mauritius ^. • 157, 221

Cape of Good Hope 49, 123, 157, 235, 331

Persia 157, 221, 257, 325

Egypt... 157

CircBSsia 157

Origmal Correspondence from ike East 43, 127, 332

REGISTER.

Calcutta 51, 158, 238, 335

Madras 61, 166, 248, 341

Bombay 65, 170, 251, 345

Ceylon ^ ^ 71, 178, 256, 350

Penang, Singapore, and Malacca ••*... 71, 178, 257, 351

Dutch India 256, 351

China , 71, 179, 257

Australasia • ..••.. 351

Mauritius 71, 179, 353

Cape of Good Hope 71, 179, 257, 353

Debates at the East-India House on 6th May and 17ch June 1840... 130, 258

Imperial Parliament \ 7^, 179, 285, 354

Home Mbcellaneous Intelligence 7^, .181, 287, 354

Promotions, &c. in H.M. Forces serving in the East 75, 1S88

Honorary Distinctions and Brevet Promotions 288, 357

India Shipping Intelligence 76, 183, 289, 358

Births, Marriages, and Deaths « 78, 186, 291, 360

Prices of European Goods in the East .81, 187, 292, 361

Indian Securities and Exchanges 82, 293

London Markets, Prices Current, &c. &c 79, 83, 294, 295, 362, .363

Shipping List, Overland Mails for India, &c 84, 188, 296, 364

List of East-India Directors for 1840 80

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THE

ASIATIC JOURNAL

lOA

MAY, 1840.



CONTENTS.

Page

Rsrisw OF Ea871B»n Nsw8, No. XXIX ••• I

SiBSEiA, No. II.— Nislmej-Kolymsk— -Norndus — Dress
of Officers — Conduct of Lieut
Porter, and of Mr. Drought —
Stranding of the Semiramis —
Inspecting Engineers— Tour of
Inspection by the Commander-
in-chief— Farewell Address of
Lord Keane to the Bombay
Army)— Courts Martial on Mid-
shipman WooUaston and Lieut.
Gibbard — Appointments —
Shipping — Births, Marriages,
and Deaths 170

C^lon. — Singapore, — China, —
Mauritius. — Cape of Good
Hope 178

HOME INTELLIGENCE,
Impnerial Parliament (China Af-
fairs — Persia) — Miscellaneous
— Shipping— Births, Marriages,
and Deaths 179

PRICES of EUROPEAN GOODS

in the EAST.
SHIP LIST, &C. &c



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)



THE

ASIATIC JOURNAL



FOB



JULY, 1840.



CONTENTS.

Page
Review of Eastern News, No. XXXI 149

Notes of A Journey through France and Egypt to
Bombay.— No. VII. Aden 153

Analyses op Eastern Works. — No. XIIL History of Solomon ^
andtheSimorg • »•••.•••••••• ••••• 163

Scenes in Southern India. — Chapter III. Vizianagarum— Walla-
jahbad— St Thomas's Mount 177

Anecdote from the Hadikah of Hakim Sanai ^ « 185

Missionary Proceedings at Bombay. 190

On the Language and Literature of the Telugus 196

Anecdotes, translated from the Persian • ••• 207

Popular Superstitions of the Peguers of Taliens 208

Miscellanies, Original and Select:

Royal Asiatic Society .m....,......*,.. .••••••.. •«••• 211

College Examination:

East-India Company's Military Seminary, Addiscorobe... ••...• £13



Asiatic Intelligence*



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CON! ENTS- (ctmnnued. )



Page
ASIATIC INTELLIGENCE. .

Calcutta. — Supreme Court (the
Qlieen r. Ra^ Hajoarain Roy
— Golaubcfeund v. Premsook
and RadakisscB -* Ramsabuck
Mullick V, T. De Souza and
Co.) — Police of Calcutta—
Nautches — Attack on Peshoot
—the Mela at Allahabad —
Treatment of Native Princes —
Counsels* Fees — Dr. Heifer—
£mp!o3rment of Christian Sol-
diers in Processions — Chinese
Labourers — Entertainment to
the Misses Eden—the Military
Fund— -Embarkation of Troops
for China— Estate of Fergusson
and Co.— Estate of Mackintosh
and Co. — Estate of Colvin and
Co. — Attack upoa Jizneh —
Native States — Excerpta 189

Afoc^fM.— Supreme Court (Don
Antonio Teixeira v. Bilderbeck)
—the Governor— China Expe-
dition— Excerpta 808

Bombay, — Native Conversion —
Mr. Farish— Trade of Bombay
—State of Native Towns— the
late Raja of Sattara— ExcerpU 216

Ceylon. — Preaching to Soldiers — /
Fire in a Coffee Plantation — *^
Cholera— Mail Robbery— Mur-
der 218

Fenang^VuXo Corab — Rise in
the Prices of Provisions— Cattle
from Quedah 219

5ui^apof«^Price8 of Provisions 220

Siam. — Trade— Opium — Rebel-
lion—American Missionaries... ib.

Dutch India. — Subjugation of Su-
matra — Destruction of Sena-
ghun in Sumatra, by the French
— Massacre of Dutch settlers in
Sumatra •* 221

Mauritius, —Want of Labourers —
Cruel treatment of Slaves in
Bourbon ib.

Persui.— Present State of Affairs ih,

Clina.- Record of Occurrences-
Chinese Official Documents —
Discontent at Peking — Gam- ^
bling, &c 222

New South Wales. — Affairs of
New Zealand — Bushrangers-
Trade — Crime — Survey 232

Van Dieman*s Land 234

Western Australia »6.

Port Philh'p ib.

South Australia 235

Cape of Good Hope. — Legislative
Council — Expedition against



Page
the Zoolahs — Small Pox —
Steam Navigation 235

REGISTER.

Calcutta. — Government Orders,
&c. (the Force proceeding on
Service to the Eastward —
Movements of Corps— Conduct
of H M. 26th Regt.— the Do-
nation to the Officers and Men
attached to the Army of the In-
dus—Staff Allowances— H.M.
18th or Royal Irish— Conduct
of the Officers and Recruits by
tlie late Ship Duke ofBucckugh
—Civil Allowances — Revenue
Survey Department — Otide
Auxiliary Force) — Appoint-
ments—Shipping—Births, Mar-
riages, and Deaths 238

Madras. — Government Orders,
&c. (Paymasterships — Free
Passages to Officers in charge of
Troops— Movements of Corps
—General Brevets)— Appoint-
ments — Shipping — Births,
Marriages, and Deaths 24d

Bombay. — Government Orders,
&c. r Annual Fair at Sukkur—
Services of Col. Sir Henry Pot-
tinger— Belief of Corps— Notes
of the Bank of Bombay — Ad-
vances to Queen*s Troops:
Rates of Exchange) — Court-
martial on Assist. Surg. F.
Broadhurst — Appointments-
Shipping — Births, Marriages,
and Deaths 251

Ceylon. — Dutch India, — Singa-
pore, (fc. — Ckima. — Cape of
Good Hope 256

POSTSCRIPT 257

DEBATE AT THE EAST-
INDIA HOUSE.

June 17. — Addresses to the Queen
and Prince Albert— Official Pa-
pers — Half- Years* Dividend-
War with Chuia— the Ute Rajah
of Sattara — Capt. Haviside's
Case — the By-Laws — Hill
Coolies, &c 258

HOME INTELLIGENCE,
Inperial Parliament. — Dedara.-
tion against China — Miscella-
neous—Shipping—Births, Mar-
riages, and Deaths 179

PRICES of EUROPEAN GOODS

in the EAST.
SHIP LIST, London Markets, &c.



NOTICES.

Mr. Poynder*s Communication came too late.

The Critical Noticxs, owing to the pressure of Foreign InteUigence, are unavoidably
deferred.

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THE

ASIATIC JOURNAL.



MAY— AUGUST.

1840.






REVIEW OF EASTERN NEWS.
No. XXIX.

The all-engrossing topic of Eastern news, at this moment, is China*
The position of afiairs, at the date of the latest advices from that country'
had not materially altered. The Imperial Commissioner was persevering
in his measure? for annihilating the opium traffic, and cutting off English
trade, in the course of which he has provided against the prosecution of
English commerce in American or other foreign ves-sels, by requiring a bond,
by vihich ship and cargo will be confiscated, in all cases where such inter-
vention is permitted. *' In short,'' say the Commissioner and his colleague,
the Viceroy of Canton, '^ we do not make these regulations vexatiously, but
solely with a view to cut off for ever every channel whereby opium can be
mtrodaced, being determined to eradicate Uiis iniquitous traffic/' It appears
that Capt. Elliot, in spite of the attitude he had previously assumed, and
of the contemptuous language he has held towards the Chinese authorities,
has, with his characteristic vacillation, applied to the High Commissioner to
permit the renewal of the British trade. The answer of the Chinese states-
man contains a most caustic and bitter rebuke, the more bitter from its
jostice, and from the calm dignity with which it is bestowed. We shall
probably find, as our acquaintance with the China character improves, that
we have underrated it, and that, forming our opinion of their diplomatic
knowledge from the burlesque manner in which their state-papers and public
documents have been rendered into English by persons who do not under-
stand their own tongue, or who abuse it, we have given them credit for less
political science than they possess. It is to be hoped that we shall not
find that we have committed a similar error with respect to the martial
attributes of the nation. Some persons, who have had better means of
judging of the Chinese temperament than from the mongrel specimens
found at Canton, entertain a doubt whether one Englishman can really beat
a hundred Chinese. Meantime, it will be seen (p. 41) that the smuggling
of opium is going on with great vigour on the coast, and that the drug,

i45i«/.,/c?M/.N.S.V0L.32.N 0.125. B

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2 Reweu) of Eastern Netos.-^No. XXIX.

which at the Calcutta sales fetches at the highest only Rs. 600 per chest,
realizes Rs. 1000 on the Chinese coast.

The lustre which has hitherto surrounded all the operations of the Array
of the Indus, has suffered a little obscuration by a failure, attended with
some loss, before the little fort of Peshoot, principally caused by the weather.
These small forts are extremely strong, and it is not wise to undervalue
them : it appears that the force sent against Peshoot was inadequate to its
reduction. The evacuation of the place by the enemy was a salve to the
wounded honour of the assailants.

The latest accounts from Affghanistan represent everything asjn a state
of perfect tranquillity, and the check which, it seems, the Russians have
received in their advance to Khiva will, probably, allow of sufficient time
to place the affairs of the country on a tolerably secure foundation. The
effects of our suocesaea in Affghanistan are beginning to be felt by the mer^
cantile world at Calcutta, as well as Bombay. An Affghan merchant, with
a tolerable retinue of Caboolees, we are told, had arrived in the former
city, bearing a passport from Shah Sbooja, and cash orjcredit to a consi-
derable extent for investment in articles of British manufacture. The
merchant left his camels at Benares, finding it easier to traasport bis pur-
chases thither by steam, or boat, than by caravan.

Our relations with Burmah have undergone some alteration by the
retirement of the acting resident, Capt. McLeod, from Rangoon; that gen-
tleman, it is said, deeming his further residence at the place incompatible
with the respect due to himself or to his governmeuL It would appear,
however, from his circular, that the causes of his retirement are not likely
to precipitate hostilities, inasmuch as he states that they are in no way con-
nected with any intended invasion of the country by, or other hostile act on
the part of, the British Government, and that he should address the Myo-
Woon, " assuring him of the pacific and friendly disposition of the Govern-
ment of India.'* The retirement of the acting resident from Ava is consi-
dered by a public writer of no mean authority as a political error on his
part. " Though he bad not been recognized as our minister,*' it is observed,
"still, in existing circumstances, it was of tlie last importance that we should
have a faithful witness of the proceedings at the capital.'*

In the other native stated there are no occurrences worthy of particular
notice. Oude is described as sunk in disorder, anarchy, and misrule, calling
loudly for British interference. In the Punjaub, Kurruck Sing appears to
be maintaining his authority, notwithstanding the dismissal of the minister,
Dhian Sing, whose influence over the Punjaubees was supposed to be almost
unlimited. There is, however, a great difference, and nowhere more so
than in the East, between a minister's influence out of plaoe and in place.
The statement (p. 14) of the military establishment of Sciadia shows that
this once formidable chieftain has still a respectable force at his command.
The affairs of Joudpore are stated to be in a fair way of adjustment.

The local incidents of the several British presidencies comprise bat few
topics which call for special notice here. The outrageous proceeding of a

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Rmew ofEoiiem ]«?»#.— M). XXtX. S

Hinda noble. Rajah Rajnarain Roy, towards tlie editor of a native news-
paper, which has subjected bim to an attachment from the Supreme Court
at Calcutta (p. 1), is an evidence of the arbitrary notions which these
native aristocrats entertain, and act upon when they dare to do so. The
steam question is becoming almost a subject of ridicule at Calcutta, where
the Comprebensives and Precursors are beginning to assail each other (p. 5)
not in the most select terms. A squabble has occurred (p. 1 1) respecting
the appointment of a secretary to the Bank of Bengal, which office the
mercantile directors (six out of nine) determined should be filled by a com*
mercial person not in the civil service. The Governor-general had returned
to the presidency. On this occasion, a meeting of native gentlemen took
place, to consider of a congratulatory address to his lordship. The proceed-
ings of the meeting are given in p. 3, and are worth noticing as a proof
how readily our habits and usages are adopted by the natives, when not
at variance with their prejudices. It will be seen from our Home Intelli-
gence, that Sir Henry Fane, the late Commander-in-chief in India, has
died on his passage to England.

At Madras, the subject of native education has engaged the attention of
the local government, which is about to found a University, admitting all
creeds and all sects, and where English literature will be cultivated along
with the vernacular languages. It is said that " upwards of one hundred
thousand natives, of the wealthy and educated orders, have expressed the
interest they take in the institution, and the hopes they entertain of the
amelioration of the condition of themselves and their country through this
medium, and their consequent feelings of respect and gratitude for those
whose exertions have opened to them this vision of prospective improvement."
A well-written memorial from the principal native inhabitants of Madras,
presented to the Governor (Lord Elphinstone) conveys some very salutary
cautions to the Government. They say :

It may be tnie^ that any scheme for national education, founded on a real
dcttgn, whether avowed or not, of interfering with the religious faith or senti*
ments of the people, may prove abortive through our common aversion and
opposition to such designs. It may also be true, that the superior classes,
and probably the bulk of the people at large, would be indifferent to any such
plan, in which no natives whatever of any quality should be considered entitled
to any co-operation or share. But we encourage a confidence that your Lord-
ship will believe that for Government to act longer on these principles would
be unjust. We, who can sensibly feel the infinite benefits which attend the dif-
fusion of useful knowledge, anxiously look that the rising generation may attain
instruction in European literature, science, and philosophy, as well as in our
own native learning and languages ; and that they may study the liberal arts of
fife, and the laws of their country. We believe that they will thereby raise
themselves in every relation, both civil and social, and we believe that they
will at the same time advance the prosperity of this country, and the attach-
ment of the people to the British Government. But we can never be persua-
ded that no instruction whatever for those objects can be imparted except
through an interference with our religion. We pray that your Lordship will

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4 RetiM of Eastern News.^No. XXIX.

not impose as a condition for any measures of national education that the
people should act as if they renounced the religious faith in which they have
been brought up. It is no toleration of the religion of a people to visit it with
be pains of ignorance.

Some specimens of Neilgherry tea have been submitted to the agri-horti-
cultural society, which, it is said, '^ though rudely prepared, had a fragrance
and taste that marked the complete success of the cultivation of the plant on
the hills." Here is another resource against our possible permanent exclu-
sion from China.

At Bombay, the petition of the natives against the Missionaries continues
to excite discussion. It is evident that the subject has sunk deep into the
mind of the native community. The remark of Dr. Wilson, that amongst
the petitioners are individuals, ** who were not only the quondam patrons of
the Gujar^thi ^ge of Reason, but its active translators," shows that there
are evil as well as good fruits produced by the Tree of Knowledge. The
affairs of the bank of Bombay, after exciting a good deal of indignation
amongst the proprietors, seems to have been adjusted by the passing of the
act for the amended charter, whereby the disappointed applicants between
the 17th January and the 17th February 1837, representing 694 shares,
are admitted, without any disturbance of the previously allotted shares. The
Nassiok affair, in which a European had offered some disrespect to a party of
Brahmins, who insulted him in return, had ended in the sentence of the
Brahmins to fine and imprisonment, which sentence has been remitted by the
governor.

The European spoiling world will read with some astonishment the feats
of the elephant-shooters in Ceylon (p. 30), who it appears, think nothing
of killing fifly elephants each in a week.

A Cape paper, of the 28th February, has reached us, which publishes the
latest news from Europe, (to the 3d December) received vtB Madras ! It



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