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Urquhart and Glenmoriston; olden times in a Highland parish online

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him to the foot of the gallows, with the three corpses of the
men they had killed the day before, like sacks, across on three
horses, and hung the three bodies by the feet on the gallows ;

iThis valuable collection has, since the first edition of this work
was issued been printed by the Scottish History Society.
"^2 The names of the men are given elsewhere in the Lyon. See
p. 295 supra.


and they, at the same time, would have killed Daldrigan, had
not Captain Grant, in Loudon's regiment, prevented it. They
would hardly allow his wife time to take the rings off her
fingers ; but were going to cut off her fingers, having stripped
her of her clothes, her house and effects being burned. And
in the braes of Glenmoriston, a party there ravished a gentle-
woman big with child, and tenants' wives, and left them on
the ground after they were ravished by all the party ; and
Lockhart, in his way to Strathglass, shot a man,i wading a
water, with the Whig teacher's protection in his hand to shew
him, without speaking one word : and the whole party ravished
there a woman big with child, and left her on the ground
almost dead. All these are certain facts, which may be
depended on, being known by a person of good credit."
[Narrative by Rev. James Hay, Inverness].

"True, said Patrick Grant, that said Isabel Macdonald
[wife of Alexander Macdonald] was ravished ... in the
Brae of Coiraghoth [Corri-Dho] about two miles from the Cave,
and about six weeks before Lammas ; and that one Flora Mac-
donald, wife to John Macdonald, was ravished by the same

party, at the same time, and at the same place

The parties that thus came a ravaging to the Braes of Glen-
moriston after the Battle of Culloden, stript the women and
children of all the cloaths that could be useful to them (the
sogers), and left them only the rags."

APPENDIX K (Page 317).

The Seven Men of Glenmoriston.

The following notices of the Seven Men may be of interest : —

In 1751, Patrick Grant informed Bishop Forbes that
Alexander Macdonald was then dead. (Lyon in Mourning).
Some time after Culloden, a son was born to him, whom he
named Charles after the Prince. Charles was the grandfather
of the late Duncan Macdonald of Torgoil (from whom the
Author took down interesting traditions, and many lines of
unpublished Ossianic poetry), of the late Bailie Duncan Mac-
donald, Inverness, and of Charles Macdonald, now (1893)
tenant of Knocknagael, near Inverness, and of Balnacarn, in

Alexander Chisholm, according to Grant, was also dead
in 1751. He had a son John, whose son William emigrated to
America, and lived in Glenmore, Glengarry, Canada, in 1832.

iThe man's name is given elsewhere in the Lyon. See p. 296 supra.


Donald Chisholm lived at Blairie till 1769, when lie
emigrated to Canada, where he died. In 1832, several of his
children were living in Canada, one of them being Lewis
Chisholm, captain 1st Eegiment of Glengarry Militia, who
resided on the Black Eiver, Glengarry.

Hugh Chisholm spent many years in Edinburgh, where
lie was known to Home, the historian of the Rebellion, and to
Sir Walter Scott, "who subscribed, with others, to a small
annuity, which was sufficient to render him comfortable."
(Tales of a Grandfather ) . In his old age he returned to Glen-
moriston, where he was remembered by persons who communi-
cated what they knew of him to the Author (see footnote, p.
317, sujjra). In his latter days he lived in Balnabruich,
Strathglass, where he died. He had a son Alexander, who
had a son Donald, who emigrated from Achlain, Glenmoriston,
to Canada, about 1820'. Donald and his family lived in 1832
at Lochiel, Glengarry, Canada. Hugh had another son Charles
(named after the Prince), who lived at Druinach, Strathglass,
till his death about 1820. Charles' descendants are still in the
district. Hugh's sword was taken to America, where it came
into the possession of Dr Stewart Chisholm, Royal Artillery.
It is now (1893) in the hands of Dr Chisholm's son, Captain
Chisholm of Glassburn, Strathglass.

Grigor Macgregor was alive in 1751, and, according to
Patrick Grant, " as ready for a good ploy as ever." He was
taken prisoner some time after the Prince left, in connection
with an attack on soldiers, and seizure of cattle : but he made
his escape, and returned to Glenmoriston.

John Macdonald or Campbell was also implicated in the
attack on the soldiers, and was for a long time kept in prison
in Inverness. There was no sufficient evidence against him,
and he was in the end liberated. He was known as " Os
Ean," from the Prince's mistake in thinking that was his
:name. The explanation given by Grant of the error is that
John's companions were in the habit of addressing him " Aos
Ean," or, more correctly, " Eisd, Iain!" — " Harken, John !"
John is stated by Sir Walter Scott and other historians to have
been hanged for stealing a cow — he who scorned the £30,000
bribe ! The statement is incorrect. It appears from the
Scots Magazine for 1754, that in May of that year. "John
Mac Ewan "Vic William, alias Macdonell, some time residenter
in Ballado, in Glenmoriston," was hanged at Inverlochy for
theft. This man, on being apprehended, gave out that he
was one of the Seven Men. The result was that efforts were
made to save his life, but unsuccessfully. In 1756, Patrick
iGrant explained the true circumstances to Bishop Forbes.


His old companion, John Macdonald, whose real name wa&
Campbell, was alive then, and for many yeai's thereafter. He
was supported by Glenaladale until the latter's death. In
1762, Macnab of Innishewen collected money for him. He-
was then about sixty years of age, and had a sickly wife and
young family. He lived in Glenmoriston, but wandered
about a, good deal. In 1770, he walked to Ballachulish to meet
Bishop Forbes. "When making ready to go to the foresaid
storehouse for worship," records the Bishop in his Journal,
under date " July 8th, 4th Sunday after Trinity," "I spied
an old, venerable, gray-headed man, looking wistfully at me,
and solicitous to carry books, or any other thing. In setting
out for the boat, Stewart of Invernahyle met us, and, after
common compliments, told me that this was John Os Ean
Mack Donell, the principal of the eight noted Glenmoriston
men in 1746, who had come thirty six long miles to see me.
Upon this, making up to him to take him by the hand, he fell
flat upon his face to the ground, in the Eastern manner, from
which I soon raised him up, the Tear starting in my eye as well
a.s in his, and asked by an Interpreter, as he could speak
nothing but Gaelic, how he had found me out. He answered
that hearing I was in the Country, he well knew that Balla-
chelish would be my Head-Quarters, and therefore he had
come hither. Old Ballachelish, turning about just as we were
ready to go on Board the Boat, and pointing to the Valuable
Hero, said, There is the man that did more for Him, Sir, than
us all! I gave him some small thing to bear his Charges in
footing the Journey, but not so much as I inclined, not having'
it to spare, from the unexpected Jaunt to Argileshire. . . .
The Reason why John had taken such a Journey to see me is
that for some years past I had been as lucky as to make up a
small Pension of five £ a-year for him, which pays his Farm.
This makes poor John very easy in his circumstances, and I
transmit it to him thro' the Hands of Ballachelish, Junior,
who told me that Mr Seton of Touch, happening to be in the
country, after purchasing the Estate of Appin, when John
chanced to come for his Pension, gave him three guineas."
Less prosperous times fell on John, and on 8th June, 1775,
the Bishop writes: — " Poor Os Ean, upon failing of his usual
moiety, joined the emigrants in August last, to seek a grave
in a foreign land [Canada], where his merit is not known, and
would be little regarded."

Patrick Grant appears never to have got over the loss of
his cattle and destruction of his property in 1746. In 1751 he
arrived in Edinburgh in a state of poverty, on his way to
the Continent to visit the Prince. As Gaelic was his only


language, he was persuaded not to JDroceed further. He had
interviews with Bishop Forbes (then the Rev. Robert Forbes of
Leith), who took down from him long accounts of events after
Culloden, which are recorded in the Lyon in Mourning. " I
gave Patrick Grant a certificate," writes Mr Forbes, " desiring
him to try if he could make any Thing for himself among
Friends in and about Edr., to whom Donald Macdonald (his
Interpreter) would direct him, and even attend him." This
certificate ran as follows : —

Leith, Octr. 18, 1751.

"That the Bearer hereof, Patrick Grant, is one of the
Glenmoriston Men so noted for the amazing preservation of
One in the greatest Extremity of Danger and Distress, at the
manifest Hazard of Life and all, The Immense Sum notwith-
standing, is attested by

(Signed) "ROBERT FORBES, Clergyman.

" X.B. — The Bearer can speak Erse only."

Forbes also had Patrick's portrait painted, from whick
probably the miniature now in Glenmoriston's possession was
taken (see p. 314, siij^ra). In 1759 Patrick was pressed into
the army, and he served for some years in North America.
In 1763 he returned to Glenmoriston, in the enjoyment of a
Chelsea pension, and he there passed the remaining years of
his life.

Bards have sung, in Gaelic and English, of the Seven Men
of Glenmoriston; and the Prince and themselves in the Cave
have been made the subject of many a painting. Is it not
time, however, that painters should cease to call their pictures
" Prince Charles in the Eohhers' Cave?"

APPENDIX L (Page 319).
Notices of the Principal Families of the Parish.

It is not intended to give full accounts in these Notices of the
families to which they refer. The Author regrets that the
space at his disposal does not admit of any attempt to give
detailed genealogies.

I. CoNACHAR Mac Aoidh, and his Descendants.
The story of Conachar, son of Aodh or Aed, is given on
pages 11 to 14 supra. He flourished about 1160, and is the
first person on record said to have been proprietor of Urquhart.
From him are descended the Mackays (descendants of Aodh or
Aed) ; the Forbeses, who acquired the lands of Forbois m


Aberdeenshire ; and the Urquharts, who took their name from
Conachar's Glen (Urquhart). Conachar's son, Alexander,
settled in Caithness and Sutherland, and became the first
Chief of the Clan Aoidh, or Mackays. That clan, however,
continued to be known in Glen-Urquhart. In the sixteenth
century we find members of the clan large holders of land in
the Glen. See under Mackays of Achmonie.

II. The Dur wards.

Thomas Durward, son of Malcolm 'of Lundin, became
proprietor of Urquhart early in the thirteenth century. The
history of his family's connection with the Parish is given on
pages 15 to 17 siifra. "The Durwards, or Ostiarii Begis,"
says Mr Cosmo Innes (Thanes of Cawdor, p. 1), " though
hardly mentioned in our books of pedigree, were a family of
great power and possessions. The first of them, who took his
name from his office, styles himself ' Thomas filius Malcolmi
de Lundin hostiarius domini Regis ' (cir. 1220). He inherited
through his mother, who must have been a daughter of an Earl
of Mar, large estates in the lower division of that great
Earldom. His munificent donations to the Church show him
as proprietor of lands in the parishes of Skene, Acht, Kinemy,
Banchory, Midmar, Kincardine Oneil (where he built a bridge
over the Dee), Lumfanan, Alford, Coull, and Leochel. He
had property in Moray also, and was Sheriff of Inverness in
1226. Gilbert . . . had some right to the lands of
Boleskine, and the family were also proprietors of lands at
Urquhart. Thomas's son and heir, Alan Durward, was a
person of great consequence in Scotland, holding the office of
'Great Justiciary from 1223 to 1251, and again in 1255.
Besides their Northern possessions, the Durwards had lands
in Angus — Lintrathen and others, and it was at the Abbey of
Cupar in Angus that Alan chose his place of burial. But it
is only in the fastnesses of Mar, and round their old Castle of
Coull, that the memory of those great lords has lingered in
popular tradition. The Cromar peasant still believes that the
Kirk-bell of Coull rings of its own accord when a Durward
•dies. It is not known whether Gilbert was a son of Thomas
Durward, nor can we do more than conjecture into what
families the three co-heiresses of Alan, the Great Justiciary,
carried his immense possessions."

III. The Cummings.

After the death of Alan Durward the Cummings apjoear to
have got possession of Urquhart Castle and its domain, and to
liave retained them till the time of the War of Independence,
although, probably, they had no right of property in them.


;Sir Alexander Gumming held the Castle for a time for Edward
I. See Chapter II. See under Cummings of Dulshangie.

IV. The Peincipal Families Connected avith the Parish


These were the Forbeses, Randolphs, Lauders, Chis-
HOLMS, the Wolf of Badenoch, and his son the Earl of Mae,
the Lords of the Isles, and the Macleans. Their connection
with the Parish is narrated in Chapters II., III., and IV.
The heads of the family of Macleans became proprietors of
Dochgarroch, but some of the name are still tenants in Glen-
TJrquhart. Mr Allan Maclean of Aberystwyth is the present
.(1893) head of the family.

V. The Lairds of Grant.

The "Chiefs of Grant" contains a very complete history
and genealogy of the family of Grant of Grant, and the history
■of their connection with IJrquhart is fully given in the fore-
going pages. No more than a list of them is, therefore,
required here.

John the Bard (1st), who acquired the Barony of Urquhart
in 1509, and held it till his death in 1528, was descended from
John le Grant, proprietor of Inverallan in 1316, and probably
son of Sir Laurence le Grant, Sheriff of Inverness in 1263.1
The Bard married Margaret Ogilvy. The following are his
successors, proprietors of Urquhart: — (2nd) James Grant (m.
1st Elizabeth Forbes, and 2nd Christian Barclay), son of the
Bard, proprietor from 1528 to 1553 ; (3rd) John (m. 1st Lady
:Margaret Stewart, and 2nd Lady Janet Leslie), son of James,
1553 to 1585 ; (4th) John (m. Lady Lilias Murray), son of
Duncan, son of John (3rd), 1585 to 1622 : (5th) Sir John (m.
Mary Ogilvy), son of John, 1622 to 1637 : (6th) James (m.
Lady Mary Stewart), son of Sir John, 1637 to 1663: (7th)
LuDOViCK (m. 1st Janet Brodie, and 2nd Jean Houston), son
of James, 1663 to 1699, when (although he lived till 1716) he
Tesigned Urquhart to his son. Brigadier Alexander Grant ;
{8th) Brigadier Alexander Geant (m. 1st Elizabeth Stewart,
and 2nd Annie Smith), son of Ludovick, 1699 to 1717: (9th)
Sir James (m. Anne Colquhoun), brother of the Brigadier,
1719 to 1747 : (10th) Sir Ludovick (m. 1st Marion Dalrymple,
.and 2nd Lady Margaret Ogilvie), son of Sir James, 1747 to
1773; (11th) Sir James (m. Jane Duff), son of Sir Ludovick,
1773 'to 1811; (12) Sir Lewis Alexander (who succeeded to
the title and 'estates of Seafield), son of Sir James, 1811 to
1840; (13th) Francis William, Earl of Seafield (m. 1st Mary

iSee Chiefs of Grant, I., pp. S-l-'i nnd 499.


Anne Dunn, and 2nd Louisa Emma Maunsell), brother of
Lewis Alexander, 1840 to 1853 ; (14th) John Charles, Earl
of Seafield (m. the Hon. Caroline Stuart), son of Francis
William, 1853 to 1881 ; (15th) Ian Charles, Earl of Seafield,
son >of John Charles, from 1881 to 1884, when he died un-
married, leaving his estates to his mother, Caroline, Countess
of Seafield. He was succeeded in the titles by his uncle, the
Honourable James Grant, who, on his death in June, 1888,
was succeeded by his son Francis William. The latter died
in December, 1888, and was succeeded by his young son
James, the present Earl, who in 1898 married Mary Elizabeth
Nina, eldest daughter of Henry Joseph Townend, M.D., J. P.,
of Christchurch, New Zealand, and has issue. Lady Nina
Caroline, born in 1906. Caroline Countess of Seafield died
in 1912, leaving the estates in trust for the present Earl and
his successors.

VI. Grants of Corrimony.

The pedigree of this family is given in "The Chiefs of
Grant," Vol. I., p. 515. The first Grant of Corrimony was
(1st) John (son of John the Bard, Laird of Grant), to whom
the estate was granted in 1509. His wife is said to have been
a daughter of Strachan of Culloden. He died in 1533. The
following are his successors: — (2nd) John, his son (married
Marjory Grant), died about 1593; (3rd) John, son of the
latter (m. Christian Rose), died before 1663 : [William, son
of John (3rd), who predeceased his father]; (4th) John, son
of William (m. Katherine Macdonald), died before 1724;
(5th) John, son of John (4th) (m. Mary Keith), died 1726;
(6th) Alexander, son of John (5th) (m. 1st Jane Ogilvie, 2nd
Catherine Eraser, 3rd Alicia Macdonald), died 1797; (7th)
James, advocate and author, born 1743, died 1835 (see p.
405). In 1825 James sold that portion of his estate of old
called Meiklies and Craskaig, thereafter Lakefield, and now
Kilmartin. to Patrick Grant of Lochletter and Redcastle ;i
and in 1833 Corrimony proper was sold to Thomas Ogilv}^'2

1 The following' have been the proprietors of Lakefield, now Kil-
martin, since its sale by James Grant : — Patrick Grant, 1825 to 1836;
Miss Hannah Eraser, Bruiach, from 1836 to 1838; Thomas Ogilvy of
Corrimony, 1838 to 1852; Archibald Henry Foley Cameron, 1852 to
1884, when the estate was purchased by Alasdair Campbell of Kil-
martiu and Blackhall. Mr Campbell died in 1901, leaving the pro-
perty to his widow, the present proprietrix (1913).

2 The following have been the proprietors of Corrimony since its
purchase by Mr Ogilvy :— Thomas Ogilvy, 1833 to 1874, when he con-
veyed it to his son, John Francis Ogilvy (Mr Thomas Ogilvy died in
1877); John Francis Ogilvy, 1874 to 1887; David P. Sellar, from 1887
to 1888, when the estate was purchased by Lachlan Andrew Mac-
pherson. Mr Macpherson died in 1904, leaving Corrimony to his
widow, Mrs Elizabeth Macpherson, the present proprietrix.


By Katherine Baillie Ma^kay, James had eight sons and
two daughters. The eldest of those sons was James Grant,
M.D., Ottawa, Canada, who died in 1866. Dr Grant's eldest
son, Sir James Alexander Grant, M.D., for many years a
member of the Canadian Parliament, who was born at Brae-
field, Glen-Urquhart, in 1829, now represents the family.

VII. Grants of Shewglie.

The pedigree of this family is given ,in ' ' The Chiefs of

Alexander Grant, 1st of Shewglie (married Lilias Grant),
was a son of John Grant, 2nd of Corrimony. According to a
family tradition, he was his father's eldest son and heir, but
was in some manner over-reached by his brother John, who
consequently became proprietor of Corrimony. Certain
transactions between Alexander and the Laird of Grant, in
course of which Alexander was served heir-in-general to his
father, would seem to show that the story is not without
foundation. Alexander died about 1630. His successors
have been his son (2nd) Robert (married Margaret Fraser),
died about 1650; (3rd) Robert's son, James, who fought at
Killicrankie, and was killed at Corribuy in 1691 or 1692 (see
p. 222 supra), (m. 1st Janet Maclean, and 2nd Hannah
Eraser) ; (4th) Alexander, son of James (m. 1st Margaret,
daughter of The Chisholm, and 2nd Isabel, daughter of Glen-
moriston), died in London in 1746 (see p. 288 supra) ; (5th)
James, son of Alexander (m. Marjory, daughter of Fraser of
Dunballoch), died in 1791 ; (6th) James of Shewglie and Red-
castle, son of James, appointed Resident at Hyderabad by
Warren Hastings, died in 1808, unmarried, succeeded by his
cousin (7th) Colonel Alexander Grant (m. Jane Hannay),
son of Patrick Grant of Lochletter (m. Katherine Baillie), son
of Alexander Grant, 4th of Shewglie. Colonel Grant died in
1816, and was succeeded by his son (8th) Patrick of Redcastle
(m. Catherine Sophia, daughter of Charles Grant, the E.I.
Coy. Director). Patrick died in 1855, and was succeeded by
his son (9th) the Rev. Alexander Ronald Grant, Canon of
Ely, and Rector of Hitcham, Suffolk (m. Jane Sophia Dundas,
daughter of his uncle, William Grant of Hazel Brae), who died
in 1903. Canon Grant's son, Colonel Francis Charles
Grant of Sherborne, Dorset, now represents the family.

Colonel Grant of Redcastle's sons, William, Hugh,
Gregor, Alexander, James, and Charles (late of Hazel
Brae) were all well known, and are still well remembered, in
the Parish.

James Grant (3rd of Shewglie) had a son Patrick (married
a daughter of Hugh Fraser of Erchit), who was alive in 1683.


Patrick's son, Egbert (m. — Chisholm) had a son, Alexander
(m. Margaret, daughter of Donald Macbean, tenant of
Aldourie), who was " out" in the Forty-Five, and was known
as the Swordsman. See Chapter XV. Alexander's son,
Charles (m. Jane Fraser) became Director and Chairman of
the East India Company. Charles' elder son, Charles,
became the well-known Lord Glenelg (died unmarried),
while his second son was the almost equally noted Sir Robert
Grant (m. Margaret, laughter of Sir David Davidson of
Cantray). This branch of the Shewglie family is now repre-
sented by JocELYN Grant, eldest son of the late Sir Charles
Grant, son of the above Sir Robert.

Of the Shewglie family was also descended the late Miss
C. J. Chambers and Miss A. C. Chambers, Polmaily (see
footnote p. 413), who were daughters of Lady Chambers,
daughter of Mrs Wilson, Polmaily, daughter of the said
Patrick Grant of Lochletter.

VIII. Grants of Glenmoriston.

The pedigree of the Glenmoriston Family is fully given in
"The Chiefs of Grant." The first of the family was the
famous Iain Mor, natural son of John the Bard. His story
is told in chapters V. and VI. He married 1st Elizabeth or
Isabella Innes, and 2nd Agnes Fraser. On his death in 1548
he was succeeded by his son (2nd) Patrick (m. Beatrice
Campbell of Cawdor), from 1548 to 1581 ; (3rd) John (m.
Elizabeth Grant), son of Patrick, 1581 to 1637 ; (4th) Patrick
(m. Margaret Fraser), son of John, 1637 to about 1643; (5th>
John (m. — Fraser), son of Patrick, from about 1643 to 1703 ;
(6th) John (m. 1st — Baillie, and 2nd Janet Cameron), son
of John (5th), from 1703 to 1736; (7th) Patrick (m. —
Grant), second son of John (6th), from 1737 to 1786; (8th)
Patrick (m. Henrietta Grant of Rothiemurchus), son of
Patrick, 1786 to 1793 ; (9th) Lieut. -Colonel John Grant (m.
Elizabeth Townsend Grant), son of Patrick, 1793 to 1801 ;
(10th) Patrick, son of John, 1801 to 1808; (11th) James:
Murray Grant (m. Henrietta Cameron), brother of Patrick,
1808 to 1868 ; [Captain John Grant, son of James Murray
Grant, m. 1st Emily Morrison, and 2nd Anne Chadwick, pre-
deceased his father in 1867]; (12th) Iain Robert James
Murray Grant (the present Laird, m. Ethel Davidson, and
secondly Gabrielle Chaille Long), son of Captain John Grant,
succeeded his grandfather in 1868.

From the Grants of Glenmoriston were descended the
Grants of Craskie and Duldreggan— a family of great influence
in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Alexander
Grant, last of Duldreggan, had three sons, who all settled in


British Guiana, and died unmarried, and four daughters, two
of whom, Marjorie and Mary Ann, still (1893) survive. His
daughter, Agnes Shaw, became the wife of Peter Anderson,
solicitor, Inverness, author, along with his brother, of
Anderson's "Guide to the Highlands." Her son, Mr P. J.
Anderson, Secretary of the New Spalding Club, is a distin-
guished antiquary; and her daughter, Miss Isabel H.
Anderson, is the author of "Inverness before Railways."

IX. Mackays of Achmonie.

The tradition of the Parish regarding the origin of the
Mackays is embodied in the lines of the Glenmoriston bard,.
Archibald Grant: —

" Rugadh air a' mhuir a' cheud fhear
O 'n do shiollaich Clann Mhic Aoidh —
Conach^r mor ruadh o 'n chuan."

' ' He was born on the sea

Trom whom the Mackays are descended —
Great Conachar the Red, from the ocean."

Conachar and his descendants have already been referred to.
(See p. 505 swpra). The first of the family of Achmonie
whose name has come down to us is (1st) Gillies Mackay, who
flourished in the end of the 15th century and beginning of the
16th, and from whom the family took the patronymic of Mac
Gillies. He was succeeded by his son (2nd) John Mac Gillies

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