William Morgan.

The Mysteries of Free Masonry Containing All the Degrees of the Order Conferred in a Master's Lodge online

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by a circle of brass.

Q. What signifies the three pillars? A. Strength, wisdom and beauty.

Q. What was in the middle of the circle? A. The point of exactness,
which teaches us the point of perfection.

Q. What else did Solomon give you? A. The great sign of admiration and
consternation, by which I am known by a brother. He also put a ring on
my finger, in remembrance of my alliance with virtue, and loaded us
with kindness.

Q. Why have you a sun on the jewel of perfection? A. To show that we
have received the full light, and know Masonry in its perfection.

Q. Who destroyed the second temple which was finished by the Princes
of Jerusalem? A. Pompey began its destruction, and King Herodes the
Great finished it.

Q. Who rebuilt it again? A. King Herodes repenting the action he had
unjustly done, recalled all the Masons to Jerusalem who had fled, and
directed them to rebuild the temple.

Q. Who destroyed the third temple? A. Tito, the son of the Emperor
Vespasian. The Masons, who with sorrow saw the temple again destroyed,
departed from Rome, after having embraced the Catholic religion, and
determined never to assist in constructing another.

Q. What became of those Masons afterwards? A. They divided themselves
into several companies, and went into different parts of Europe, but
the greatest part of them went to Scotland, and built a town which
they called Kilwinning; at this time there is a Lodge there, bearing
the same name.

Q. What happened to them afterwards? A. Twenty-seven thousand of the
Masons in Scotland determined to assist the Christian Princes and
Knights, who were at that time at Jerusalem, in a crusade for the
purpose of taking the Holy Land and city from the infidels, who were
then in possession of it; and they accordingly obtained leave of the
Scottish monarch.

Q. What happened most remarkable to them? A. Their bravery and good
conduct gained them the esteem and respect of all the Knights of St.
John of Jerusalem. The general of that order, and the principal
officers, took the resolution of being admitted into the secrets of
Masonry, which they accordingly received; and in return they admitted
them into their order.

Q. What became of those Masons afterwards? A. After the crusade they
returned and spread Masonry throughout all Europe, which flourished
for a long time in France and England; but the Scotch, to their great
praise be it spoken, were the only people who kept up the practice of

Q. How came it again in vogue in France? A. A Scotch nobleman went to
France and became a resident at Bordeaux, where he establishes a Lodge
of Perfection, from the members of the Lodge in 1744; in which he was
assisted by a French gentleman, who took great pleasure in all the
Masonic degrees. This still exists in a most splendid manner.

Q. What means the fire in our Lodge? A. Submission, purification of
morals, and equality among brethren.

Q. What signifies the air? A. The purity, virtue, and truth of this

Q. What does the sign of the sun mean? A. It signifies that some of us
are more enlightened than others in the Mysteries of Masonry; and for
that reason we are often called Knights of the Sun.

Q. How many signs have you in this degree of Grand Pontiff, which is
Grand Master of all Lodges? A. 1st, The sign of the earth, or
Apprentice; 2d, of water - Fellow Craft; 3d, of terror - the Master;
4th, of fire; 5th, of air; 6th, of the point in view; 7th, of the sun;
8th, of astonishment; 9th, of honor; 10th, of stench, or strong smell;
11th, of admiration; 12th, of consternation. End of the Lecture.

TO CLOSE. - The Grand Master says, "My brother, enter into the cave of
Silol - work with Grand Rofadam - measure your steps to the sun, and
then the great black eagle will cover you with his wings, to the end
of what you desire, by the help of the Most Sublime Princes Grand
Commanders." He then strikes four and two, makes the sign of four
squares, which is repeated by the Wardens, and the Lodge is closed.

The examination of a brother in the foregoing degree is as follows:

Q. From whence came you? A. From the sacred vault at Jerusalem.

Q. What are you come to do here? A. I am come to see and visit your
works and show you mine, that we may work together and rectify our
morals, and, if possible, sanctify the profane - but only by permission
of a Prince Adept, or Prince of the Royal Secret (if one is present).

Q. What have you brought? A. Glory, grandeur and beauty.

Q. Why do you give the name of St. John to our Lodge? A. Formerly all
the Lodges were under the name of Solomon's Lodge, as the founder of
Masonry; but since the crusades we have agreed with the Knights
Templars, or Hospitallers, to dedicate them to St. John, as he was the
support of the Christians and the new laws.

Q. What do you ask more? A. Your will and pleasure as you may find me
worthy, obedient, and virtuous.

* * * * *


The Assembly of Princes is termed a "Consistory."

OFFICERS. - The first officer represents Frederick II., King of
Prussia; he is styled "Sovereign of Sovereigns," "Grand Prince,"
"Illustrious Commander in Chief." The two next officers are styled
"Lieutenant Commanders." The fourth officer is the "Minister of
State," who acts as the orator. The fifth officer is the "Grand
Chancellor." Then the "Grand Secretary;" the "Grand Treasurer;" the
"Grand Captain of the Guards;" a "Standard Bearer;" a "Grand Master
Architect;" and two "Tylers."

PLACE OF MEETING. - This is to be a building at least two stories in
height, situated on elevated ground, in the open country. Three
apartments on the second floor are necessary in this degree. In the
first of these the guards are stationed. The second is used as a
preparation room. The third is occupied by the members of the
Consistory. This last apartment is hung with black, sprinkled with
tears, "death's heads," "cross bones," and "skeletons." The throne is
in the East, elevated by seven steps. On the throne is the chair of
state, lined with black satin, flamed with red. Before the chair is a
table covered with black satin, strewed with tears. On this cloth, in
front, is a "death's head" and "cross bones;" over the "death's head"
is the letter I; and under the "cross bones" is the letter M. On the
table is placed a naked sword, a buckler, a sceptre, a balance, and a
book containing the statutes of the order. In the West is placed
another table covered with crimson, bordered with black, and strewed
with tears; on the front of this cloth are the letters N. K. M. K. in

DRESS AND STATIONS OF OFFICERS. - The "Sovereign of Sovereigns" is
dressed in royal robes, and seated in the chair of state. The
Lieutenant Commanders dressed like the modern princes of Europe, and
seated at the table in the West; their swords are crossed on the
table. The Minister of State is placed at the Sovereign's right hand.
The Grand Chancellor stands on the left hand of the Sovereign. Next to
the Minister of State is placed the Grand Secretary. Next to the Grand
Chancellor is placed the Grand Treasurer. Below the last named
officers are placed on one side the Standard Bearer, the Grand Master
Architect, and the Captain of the Guards. Below these officers are
placed six members dressed in red, without aprons, wearing the jewel
of the order, suspended on the breast by a black ribbon.

COLLAR OF THE ORDER. - The collar is black, and edged with silver. On
its point is embroidered in red a Teutonic cross. On the middle of the
cross is a double headed eagle in silver. The collar is lined with
scarlet, on which is embroidered a black Teutonic cross. Around the
waist is girded a black sash, embroidered with silver. The cross is
embroidered on that part of the girdle which is in front.

JEWEL. - The jewel is a golden Teutonic cross.

QUALIFICATIONS OF CANDIDATE. - The candidate who receives this degree
must be faithfully examined in the previous degree prior to admission.
The Master of Ceremonies will acquaint him with the pass-word, which
he is to give to the Lieutenant Commander. The Master of Ceremonies
will then lead him to the Sovereign of Sovereigns.

OPENING AND CLOSING. - The Sovereign of Sovereigns says, "Sal ix." The
Lieutenants reply, "Noni." They then together say, "Tengu." All give
the sign. The Sovereign of Sovereigns says: Let us imitate our Grand
Master Jacques De Molay, Hiram Abiff, who to the last placed all his
hopes in the Great Architect of the Universe; and pronounced the
following words just as he passed from this transient life into
eternal bliss: - "Spes mea in Deo est" (My hope is in God).

drawn an "enneagen," in which is inscribed a pentagon; within this is
an equilateral triangle, and in the triangle a circle. Between the
heptagon and pentagon, upon the sides of the latter, are placed the
standards of the five Standard Bearers, and the pavilions inscribed by
the letters T. E. N. G. U. The emblems on the standard T. are the "ark
of the covenant," an "olive tree," and a "lighted candlestick," on
each side. The ground color of this standard is purple. On the ark is
written the motto "Laus Deo." The standard E. bears a golden lion,
holding in his mouth a "golden key;" wearing around his neck a golden
collar, on which is engraved "515." The ground is azure; the motto
"Admajorem Dei glorium." On the standard N. is an "inflamed heart," in
red, with two wings, surrounded by a laurel crown. The ground is
white. The flag G. bears a double-headed eagle, crowned, holding a
sword in his right claw, and in his left a bloody heart. Ground is sea
green. The flag U. has an ox, sable (black), on a golden ground. On
the sides of the enneagen are nine tents, and on its angles nine
pendants, each belonging to its appropriate tent. The pendants are
distinguished by numerals, and the tents by the letters I. N. O. N. X.
I. L. A. S. disposed from right to left. These tents signify the
different grades of Masonry. Thus:

TENT S. is Malachi - pendant, white, spotted with red; represents
Knights of the East and West, and Princes of Jerusalem. TENT A. is
Zerubbabel - pendant, light green; represents Knights of the East. TENT
L. is Neamiah - pendant, red; represents Grand Elect, Perfect, and
Sublime Masons. TENT I. is Hobben or Johaben - pendant, black and red;
represents Sublime Elect, and Elect of Fifteen. TENT X. is
Peleg - pendant, black; represents Elect of Nine, or Grand Master
Architect. TENT N. is Joiada - pendant, red and black in lozenges;
represents Provost and Judges. TENT O. is Aholiab - pendant, red and
green; represents Intendant of the Buildings and Intimate Secretary.
TENT N. is Joshua - pendant, green; represents Perfect Master. TENT I.
is Ezra - pendant, blue; represents Master, Fellow Craft, and Entered

The equilateral triangle in the middle represents the centre of the
army, and shows where the Knights of Malta are to be placed who have
been admitted to our mysteries, and have proved themselves faithful
guardians. They are to be joined with the Knights of Kadosh. The
corps in the centre is to be commanded by five princes, who command
jointly, or in rotation, according to their degrees, and receive their
orders immediately from the Sovereign of Sovereigns. These five
Princes must place their standards in the five angles of the pentagon,
as above described. These Princes, who are Standard Bearers, have the
following name, viz.: -

{ T. ... Bezaleel }
{ E. ... Aholiab }
STANDARD. { N. ... Mahuzen } NAMES.
{ G. ... Garimont }
{ U. ... Amariah }

The heptagon points out the Encampment destined for the Princes of
Libanus, Jerusalem, etc.; and these are to receive their orders from
the five Princes. The enneagen shows the general order of Masons of
all degrees.

Instructions for the reunion of the brethren, Knights, Princes, and
Commanders of the Royal Secret or Kadosh, which really signifies HOLY

Frederick III., King of Prussia, Grand Master and Commander in Chief,
Sovereign of Sovereigns, with an army composed of the Knights, Princes
of the White and Black Eagle, including Prussian, English, and French;
likewise joined by the Knights Adepts of the Sun, Princes of Libanus
or the Royal Axe, the Knights of the Rose Croix or St. Andrew, Knights
of the East and West, the Princes of Jerusalem, Knights of the East or
Sword, the Grand Elect Perfect and Sublime Masons, the Knights of the
Royal Arch (ninth Arch), Sublime Knights Elected, etc.

The hour for the departure or march of the army is the fifth after the
setting of the sun; and is to be made known by the firing of five
great guns in the following order (0) - (0 0 0 0) - that is, with an
interval between the first and second. The first rendezvous is to be
the port of Naples - from Naples to the port of Rhodes - from Rhodes to
Cyprus and Malta, whence the whole naval force of all nations is to
assemble. The second rendezvous is to be at Cyprus, etc. The third
rendezvous is to be at Jerusalem, where they will be joined by our
faithful guardians. The watchwords of every day of the week are as
follows and they are not to be changed but by express order from the
King of Prussia:


Sunday, Cyrus, } { Ezekiel,
Monday, Darius, } { Daniel,
Tuesday, Xerxes, } { Habakkuk,
Wednes., Alexander, } Answer. { Zephaniah,
Thurs., Philadelphus, } { Haggai,
Friday, Herod, } { Zechariah,
Saturday, Hezekiah, } { Malachi.

SIGN. - Place the right hand on the heart; extend it forward, the palm
downward; let it fall by the right side. SACRED WORDS. - Those of the
Carpet, which are to be read backward 'round the circle from right to
left, thus: - One says "Salix," to which the other replies "Noni;" both
then repeat (by letters) the word "Tengu." PASS WORDS. - "Phual Kol,"
which signifies "separated;" "Pharas Kol," which signifies
"reunited;" "Nekam Makah," which signifies "to avenge;" each then
letters the word "Shaddai," which signifies "Omnipotent."

* * * * *

CHARGE ADDRESSED TO THE CANDIDATE. - My dear brother: - The Saracens
having taken possession of the Holy Land, those who were engaged in
the Crusades not being able to expel them, agreed with Godfrey de
Bouillon, the conductor and chief of the Crusaders, to veil the
mysteries of religion under emblems, by which they would be able to
maintain the devotion of the soldier, and protect themselves from the
incursion of those who were their enemies, after the example of the
Scriptures, the style of which is figurative. Those zealous brethren
chose Solomon's temple for their model. This building has strong
allusions to the Christian church. Since that period they (Masons)
have been known by the name of Master Architect; and they have
employed themselves in improving the law of that admirable Master.
From hence it appears that the mysteries of the craft are the
mysteries of religion. Those brethren were careful not to entrust this
important secret to any whose discretion they had not proved. For this
reason they invented different degrees to try those who entered among
them; and only gave them symbolical secrets, without explanation, to
prevent treachery, and to make themselves known only to each other.
For this purpose it was resolved to use different signs, words, and
tokens, in every degree, by which they would be secured against cowans
and Saracens. The different degrees were fixed first to the number of
seven by the example of the Grand Architect of the Universe, who built
all things in six days and rested on the seventh. This is
distinguished by seven points of reception in the Master's degrees.
Enoch employed six days to construct the arches, and on the seventh,
having deposited the secret treasure in the lowest arch, was
translated to the abodes of the blessed. Solomon employed six years in
constructing his temple; and celebrated its dedication on the seventh,
with all the solemnity worthy of the divinity himself. This sacred
edifice we choose to make the basis of figurative Masonry. In the
first degree are three symbols to be applied. First, the first of the
creation, which was only chaos, is figured by the candidate's coming
out of the black chamber, neither naked nor clothed, deprived, etc.;
and his suffering the painful trial at his reception, etc. The
candidate sees nothing before he is brought to light; and his powers
of imagination relative to what he has to go through are suspended,
which alludes to the figure of the creation of that vast luminous body
confused among the other parts of creation before it was extracted
from darkness and fixed by the Almighty fiat. Secondly, the candidate
approaches the footstool of the Master, and there renounces all
cowans; he promises to subdue his passions, by which means he is
united to virtue, and by his regularity of life, demonstrates what he
proposes. This is figured to him by the steps that he takes in
approaching the altar; the symbolic meaning of which is the separation
of the firmament from the earth and water on the second day of
creation. (The charge proceeds by giving a figurative interpretation
of the ceremonies, etc., of the first and second part of the third
degree, which I pass over as uninteresting to my readers, and
commence with an interpretation which will be as novel to the Craft of
the lower grades as to the cowans, or non-initiated.)

In the Master's degree is represented the assassination of Hiram by
false brethren. This ought to put us in mind of the fate of Adam,
occasioned by perverseness in his disobeying his great and awful
Creator. The symbolic mystery of the death of Hiram Abiff represents
to us that of the Messiah; for the three blows which were given to
Hiram Abiff, at the three gates of the temple, allude to the three
points of condemnation against Christ, at the High Priest's Caiphas,
Herod, and Pilate. It was from the last that he was led to that most
violent and excruciating death. The said three blows with the square,
gauge, and gavel are symbols of the blow on the cheek, the
flagellation, and the crown of thorns. The brethren assembled around
the tomb of Hiram, is a representation of the disciples lamenting the
death of Christ on the cross. The Master's word, which is said to be
lost, since the death of Hiram Abiff, is the same that Christ
pronounced on the cross, and which the Jews did not comprehend, "Eli,
Eli, lama sabacthani," "my God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me!
have pity on and forgive my enemies." - Instead of which words were
substituted, M. B. N. (Mac-be-nac), which, in Arabian, signifies, "The
son of the widow is dead." The false brethren represent Judas
Iscariot, who sold Christ. The red collar worn by the Grand Elect
Perfect and Sublime Masons, calls to remembrance the blood of Christ.
The sprig of cassia is the figure of the cross, because of this wood
was the cross made. The captivity of the Grand Elect and Sublime
Masons (i.e., by the Chaldeans), shows us the persecution of the
Christian religion under the Roman emperors, and its liberty under
Constantine the Great. It also calls to our remembrance the
persecution of the Templars, and the situation of Jacques De Molay,
who, lying in irons nearly seven years, at the end of which our worthy
Grand Master was burnt alive with his four companions, on the eleventh
of March, 1314, creating pity and tears in the people, who saw him die
with firmness and heroic constancy, sealing his innocence with his
blood. My dear brother, in passing to the degree of Perfect Master, in
which you shed tears at the tomb of Hiram Abiff, and in some other
degrees, has not your heart been led to revenge? Has not the crime of
Jubelum Akirop been represented in the most hideous light? - Would it
be unjust to compare the conduct of Philip the Fair to his, and the
infamous accusers of the Templars, to the two ruffians who were
accomplices with Akirop? Do they not kindle in your heart an equal
aversion? The different stages you have traveled, and the time you
have taken in learning these historical events, no doubt, will lead
you to make the proper applications; and by the degree of Master Elect
and Kadosh, you are properly disposed to fulfil all your engagements,
and to bear an implacable hatred to the Knights of Malta, and to
avenge the death of Jacques De Molay. Your extensive acquaintance with
symbolic Masonry, which you have attained by your discretion, leaves
you nothing more to desire here. You see, my dear brother, how, and by
whom, Masonry has come to us. You are to endeavor by every just means
to regain our rights, and to remember that we are joined by a society
of men, whose courage, merit, and good conduct, hold out to us that
rank that birth alone gave to our ancestors. You are now on the same
level with them. Avoid every evil by keeping your obligations, and
carefully conceal from the vulgar what you are, and wait that happy
moment when we all shall be reunited under the same Sovereign in the
mansions of eternal bliss. Let us imitate the example of our Grand
Master, Jaques De Molay, who to the end put his hope in God, and at
his last dying moments ended his life saying, "Spes mea in Deo est!"

OBLIGATION. - I do, of my own free will and accord, in the presence of
the Grand Architect of the Universe, and this consistory of Sovereign
Princes of the Royal Secret, or Knights of St. Andrew, faithful
guardians of the faithful treasure; most solemnly vow and swear, under
all the different penalties of my former obligations, that I will
never directly or indirectly reveal or make known to any person or
persons whatsoever, any or the least part of this Royal degree, unless
to one duly qualified in the body of a regularly constituted
Consistory of the same, or to him or them whom I shall find such after
strict and due trial. I furthermore vow and swear, under the above
penalties, to always abide and regulate myself agreeably to the
statutes and regulations now before me; and when in a Consistory to
behave and demean myself as one worthy of being honored with so high a
degree, that no part of my conduct may in the least reflect discredit
on the Royal Consistory, or disgrace myself. So may God maintain me in
equity and justice! Amen! Amen! Amen! Amen!

* * * * *


The number of Inspectors of a Kingdom or Republic is not to exceed
nine. They claim jurisdiction over all the ineffable and sublime
degrees, and in reality form an aristocratic body, with power to
appoint their own successors, and act as "Sovereigns of Masonry."

DECORATIONS OF THE PLACE OF MEETING. - The hangings are purple,
embroidered with skeletons, death's-heads, and cross-bones. Before the
canopy is a transparent delta (equilateral triangle). In the middle of
the room is a grand triangular pedestal, near which is seen a skeleton
holding in his left hand the standard of the order, and in his right
hand a poniard in the attitude of striking. Above the door, or place
of entrance, is the motto of the order, "Deus meumque jus." In the
East is a chandelier of five branches; in the South is one of two
branches; in the West is one of three; and in the North a single one.

OFFICERS AND TITLES. - The assembly is termed "Supreme Council." The
first officer, "Thrice Puissant Sovereign Grand Master." He represents
Frederick II. The second officer is termed "Sovereign Lieutenant
Commander." Besides these there is a "Treasurer of the Holy Empire;"
an "Illustrious Grand Secretary of the Holy Empire;" an "Illustrious
Master of Ceremonies;" and an "Illustrious Captain of the Guards" - in
all, seven officers.

DRESS. - The Thrice Puissant Sovereign wears a crimson robe, bordered
with white - a crown on his head, and a sword in his hand. The
Lieutenant Commander wears a ducal crown.

SASH. - The sash is black, edged with gold, from left to right; at the
bottom a rose of red, white and green. On the part crossing the breast
is a delta, with rays traversed by a poniard, and in the midst the
figure "33."

JEWEL. - A black double-headed eagle holding a sword. His beak, claws,
and sword are of gold. [Pass-words, signs, etc., as may from time to
time be agreed upon.]


* * * * *

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Online LibraryWilliam MorganThe Mysteries of Free Masonry Containing All the Degrees of the Order Conferred in a Master's Lodge → online text (page 26 of 27)