William Morrell Emery.

The Howland heirs; being the story of a family and a fortune and the inheritance of a trust established for Mrs. Hetty H. R. Green online

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Howland sent out his son-in-law, William Henry Chase of
Salem. Here the family lived until Mr. Chase's death,
and here many of his grandchildren were born.

"The venture proved a failure. The house and grounds
that cost Mr. Howland a hundred thousand to build was
offered for sale ten years ago for $5000. Robert Howland 's
house (built in reproduction of a Norman castle) is oc-
cupied by the local banker of the town. Rows of stores
that Mr. Howland built, costing $15,000 each, can be bought
for $1500 each, and so on. Thus the great estate was ma-
terially diminished. ' '

Mr. Howland 's first wife was Elizabeth Howlaud. She
was survived by an infant son, George Howland, Jr.. who
became one of the trustees of the Sylvia Ann Howland
estate. The children by the second marriage were :

221. i. AUGUSTUS, b. Jan. 29, 1811; d. 1880.

222. ii. ELIZABETH, b. Sept. 27, 1812; d. June 15, 1887.

223. iii. MATTHEW, b. Aug. 27, 1814; d. Sept. 29, 1884.
iv. CHARLES W., b. June 24, 1816; d. Sept. 21, 1816.

224. v. CHARLES WING, b. June 21, 1817; d. Feb. 25, 1896.
vi. SUSAN, b. June 1, 1819; d. June 3, 1819.

vii. SUSAN, b. Oct. 31, 1820; d. April 21, 1821.

viii. FRANCIS, b. Feb. 25, 1822; d. March 15, 182H.

is. ROBERT, b. Feb. 25, 1823; d. inf.

225. x. SUSAN E., b. Feb. 22, 1824; d. Aug. 9, 1854.

226. xi. ROBERT BOWNE, b. March 23, 1826; d. Aug. 17, 1916.
xii. JANE W., b. May 25, 1828; d. May 20, 1830.

xiii. JANE W., b. Aug. 19, 1830; d. March 9, 1833.
xiv. SON, b. and d. 1832.



194 THE ROWLAND HEIRS

218. CAPTAIN CORNELIUS S HOWLAND (Cornelius, 2 Gid-
eon 1 ), son of Cornelius and Rhoda (Wing) Rowland, was
born Nov. 14, 1802, in New Bedford, and died there May
16, 1865. He sailed as a shipmaster from New Bedford,
and for many years was engaged in the whaling business
as owner and agent. For eight consecutive years he rep-
resented his ward in the common council and for two terms
was a member of the Massachusetts Legislature. During
the Civil War he threw himself into the work of support-
ing the government, and was enthusiastic and unremitting
in his efforts to raise troops, his only son commanding a
company of infantry. He scrupulously redeemed every
promise made by him to the volunteers. Captain Howland
took a keen interest in the fire department, and the change
from hand to steam fire engines was largely due to his in-
fluence. One of the engines was named in his honor. He
enjoyed the respect and confidence of the community as
a man of great energy, integrity and public spirit.

Captain Howland married March 11, 1834, Harriet Con-
verse, daughter of John H. and Sarah (Hanson) Converse
of Durham, Maine, born April, 1812, died Oct. 22, 1888.
Children :

227. i. CORNELIUS, b. April 7, 1835; d. Dec. 7, 1893.

228. ii. LOUISE CONVERSE, b. May 20, 1839; d. Nov. 9, 1895.



219. EDWARD WING S ROWLAND (Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ),
son of Cornelius and Rhoda (Wing) Howland, was born in
New Bedford Dec. 29, 1804, and died there Jan. 19, 1879.
With his brother Cornelius and also with his nephew, George
Barney, he engaged in the whale fishery and owned and
fitted vessels, amassing a large property. For many years
he was a director in the Marine Bank, and its successor, the
First National, eventually becoming its president. He was
also a trustee of the New Bedford Institution for Savings.
Mr. Howland served his town and city as an overseer of
the poor and in the city council, being a member of the
first board of aldermen. The almshouse on Clarks Point
was built under his supervision. He held an influential
and commanding position in the Society of Friends; rep-
resented the New England Yearly Meeting on the com-
mittee in charge of the Friends School in Providence;
aided in establishing the Friends' Freedmen's School in



CORNELIUS ROWLAND'S DESCENDANTS 195

Washington, D. C. ; and devoted much of his time and
means to work among the Indians. He had a fine resi-
dence at the northeast corner of Sixth and Madison
Streets.

Mr. Howland married (1) Minerva Ellison, daughter
of James Ellison of Nine Partners, N. Y., born Aug. 13,
1809, died Sept. 27, 1837; (2) her sister, Gulielma M.,
widow of Dr. Bennett Wing, born 1810, died Dec. 6, 1874.
The second marriage was performed at the Astor House,
New York, by the mayor of that city. Son, by the first
marriage :

229. i. ANDREW MOORE, b. Nov. 1, 1834; d. April 10, 1917.

220. GEORGE BARNEY* (Rebecca 3 Howland, Cornelius, 2
Gideon 1 ), only son of Paul and Rebecca (Howland)
Barney, was born Dec. 2, 1821, in New Bedford, and died
suddenly at his summer home on the island of Nashawena,
May 4, 1883. After attending the Friends Academy he
entered the counting room of Charles W. Morgan, whaling
merchant. Later he became associated with his uncle,
Edward W. Howland, and as ship owners and agents
they did a very successful business, continuing together
until the death of Mr. Howland in 1879, Mr. Barney re-
tiring from active business soon after. He married June
16, 1875, Juliet Ayers Martin, born Feb. 14, 1837, at
Taunton, daughter of Hiram and Ann Bowers (At wood;
Martin, who died Jan. 9, 1908, in New Bedford. Children:

i. PAUL, b. March 7, 1877; d. Aug. 19, 1877.

230. ii. MORGAN, b. Sept. 25, 1878.

iii. ANNE, b. June 13, 1880; m. Benjamin Karl Sharp, and
resides at New Eochelle, N. Y.

221. AUGUSTUS* HOWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius," Gid-
eon 1 ), son of George and Susan (Howland) Howland, was
born in New Bedford, Jan. 29, 1811. He married (1)
September, 1831, Phebe Jane, daughter of Humphrey and
Sarah T. (Field) Howland, born April 2, 1813, died Feb.
16, 1873; (2) Lucia Judd. After his first marriage he
lived in Ledyard, Aurora, and Syracuse, N. Y., and died
in 1880. Children by first marriage:

i. GEORGE A., b. March 5, 1833; d. March 7, 1833.

231. li. MARY JANE, b. Aug. 1, 1834.



196 THE ROWLAND HEIRS



iii. CHARLES AUGUSTUS, b. July 20, 1836; d. Sept. 23,

1912; unin.

ir. ELIZABETH, b. Nov. 16, 1837; d. March 27, 1855, unm.
v. EGBERT HUMPHREY, b. April 27, 1840; d. unm.
vi. SARAH FIELD, b. Dec. 10, 1842; deceased; m. (1)
William B. Gifford of Ledyard, N. Y.; (2) Dr.
Mason ; daughter Elizabeth, d. unm.
232. vii. GEORGE, b. Aug. 20, 1846.



222. ELIZABETH* ROWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius,- Gid-
eon 1 ), daughter of George and Susan (Howland) Howland,
was born in New Bedford, Sept. 27, 1812, and died June 15,
1887. She married May 30, 1833, William Henry Chase
of Salem, Mass., born Aug. 11, 1805, died Aug. 7, 1877,
a lineal descendant of General Stephen Abbott, one of the
aides on General Washington's staff in the Revolutionary
War. He was in the hardware business in Salem, and on
removing to Union Springs, N. Y., looked after his real
estate interests there. Mr. Chase was long a minister of
the Society of Friends. He wrote several books, and
compiled for daily reading one called "Day by Day,"
which was well known. Children :

233. i. GEORGE HOWLAND, b. April 15, 1834; d. Oct. 29, 1868.
ii. WILLIAM HENRY, b. Aug. 12, 1835; d. Sept. 4, 1836.

234. iii. WILLIAM HENRY, b. Jan. 21, 1838; d. March 19, 1892.

235. iv. CAROLINE HOWLAND, b. Sept. 13, 1839; d. Dec. 11, 1910.

236. v. ABBOTT HOWLAND, b. July 17, 1842; d. March 3, 1914.

237. vi. EGBERT HOWLAND, b. Jan. 30, 1845.

vii. STEPHEN ABBOTT, b. Feb. 29, 1848; d. Jan. 22, 1849.
viii. ELIZABETH ABBOTT, b. Oct. 9, 1854; d. April 20, 1902;

m. Dec. 20, 1883, George D. Harder, b. Feb. 17, 1847,

d. Feb. 19, 1901. No children. They lived at Cob-

leskill, N. Y.
ix. STEPHEN ABBOTT, b. April 11, 1856; d. Jan. 14, 1893,

after a long period of invalidism; unm.



223. MATTHEW* HOWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius,- Gid-
eo-n 1 ), son of George and Susan (Howland) Howland, was
born Aug. 27, 1814, in New Bedford, and died there Sept.
29, 1884. He was in active business in connection with
the whale fishery for most of his life, with his father and
his brother George. He was a life-long member of ihs
Society of Friends, was an elder, was clerk of the New
Bedford Monthly Meeting for about thirty years, and at
the time of his death was clerk of Sandwich Quarterly



CORNELIUS ROWLAND'S DESCENDANTS 197

Meeting. He was a director of the National Bank of
Commerce and its predecessor, the Bedford Commercial
Bank. He was a benevolent man and his best known
charity was in building and conferring for public use the
Rowland Chapel on Purchase Street, in what was then
the north part of the city. For many years he was presi-
dent of the New Bedford Bible Society. He was a member
of the common council for five years, president of that
board in 1852 and 1853, and an alderman for five years
beginning with 1861.

Mr. Rowland married Sept. 8 1842, Rachel Collins
Smith of Philadelphia, born May 6, 1816, died Aug. 13,
1902, member of a prominent family, and a descendant
of James Logan, an intimate associate of William Penn.
Active in the Society of Friends, Mrs. Rowland was for
fifty-five years a minister in that faith. She was particu-
larly active in philanthropic work, being especially inter-
ested in the City Mission and the Association for the Relief
of Aged Women. An instance of her public spirit oc-
curred in 1867, when she was instrumental in settling a
strike at the Wamsutta Mills. Her children were:

i. SUSAN DILLWYN, b. May 29, 1845; d. Nov. 27, 1851.

238. ii. RICHARD SMITH, b. July 12, 1847.

239. iii. MATTHEW MORRIS, b. Dec. 14, 1850.

240. iv. WILLIAM DILLWYN, b. March 27, 1853; d. April 23,

1897.



224. CHARLES WING* ROWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2
Gideon 1 ), son of George and Susan (Rowland) Rowland,
was born in New Bedford, June 21, 1817, and died in
Wilmington, Del., Feb. 25, 1896. He lived from 1843 to
1852 in Union Springs, N. Y., and then removed to Hillton,
a farm at that time on the outskirts of Wilmington, where
he resided until his death. He married (1) March 10,
1838, Caroline E., daughter of William E. and Nancy E.
Harker, who died Oct. 10, 1839; (2) Sept. 7, 1843,
Gulielma Maria Hilles, daughter of Samuel and Margaret
(Hill) Hilles, born in Wilmington, Nov. 13, 1822, died
March 14, 1907. Children by second marriage :

i. SAMUEL HILLES, b. Nov. 13, 1844; d. June 23, 1851.

ii. WILLIAM BARKER, b. Feb. 2, 1847; d. Aug. 6, 1849.

241. iii. MARGARET SMITH, b. July 25, 1849; d. Aug. 22, 1914.

242. iv. CHARLES SAMUEL, b. Sept. 4, 1851 ; d. Oct. 24, 1914.



198 THE ROWLAND HEIRS



r. SUSAN, b. Dec. 1, 1854, in Wilmington, Del., where she

resides; unm.
vi. RACHEL SMITH, b. Sept. 14, 1856, in Wilmington, Del.,

where she resides; unm.
vii. SON, b. and d. Dec. 31, 1860.



225. SUSAN R. 4 HOWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ),
daughter of George and Susan (Howland) Howland, was
born Feb. 22, 1824, and died Aug. 9, 1854, in Flushing,
N. Y. She married Nov. 3, 1842. Samuel B. Parsons, son
of Samuel and Mary Parsons of Flushing, N. Y., who died
Jan. 4, 1906. He was a nurseryman at Flushing. Chil-
dren :

243. i. SAMUEL, b. Feb. 8, 1844.

244. ii. SUSAN HOWLAND, b. Feb. 24, 1847; d. Jan. 12, 1885.

245. iii. GEORGE HOWLAND, b. March 17, 1849; d. April 14, 1898.
iv. JOHN B., b. April 24, 1851 ; d. 1857.



226. ROBERT BowNE 4 HOWLAND (Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2
Gideon 1 ), son of George and Susan (Howland) Howland,
was born in New Bedford, March 23, 1826, and died in
Bedford, N. Y., Aug. 17, 1916, in the fifth month of his
ninety-first year, the last survivor of a large family. He
was the second oldest Sylvia Ann Howland heir. At
the time of his ninetieth birthday a writer described him
as "Quaker, cosmopolitan, philosopher and mystic." At
the age of twelve he was sent to Haverford school to pre-
pare for college, and graduated from Haverford College
in 1843. While there he played on the students' football
team. Following graduation he went abroad, travelling
with his brother Augustus and his brother-in-law, Samuel
B. Parsons. From 1845 to 1856 he engaged in farming
at Union Springs, N. Y., and then went abroad for a second
time, with his mother and aunt. In 1863 he became con-
nected with Howland Institute, the school for girls at
Union Springs founded by his father, and in 1876 went
abroad, living for two years in Paris. During that period
he met Hon. Andrew D. White, college president and
diplomat, and the two formed a lifelong friendship. He
returned to Union Springs in 1878, removing to Niagara
County in 1891, and in 1902 to Pleasantville, N. Y., engag-
ing in farming.



CORNELIUS ROWLAND'S DESCENDANTS 199

At the age of sixty-seven Mr. Rowland began the work
of translating Edmond Dehoult de Pressense's "History of
the First Three Centuries of the Christian Church, ' ' origi-
nally published in five octavo volumes of seven hundred
fifty pages each. On his ninetieth birthday he celebrated
the completion of this great work. At that time being
asked to comment on the European war, he said: "The
Lord must think those nations are very sick, to need such
an amount of blood-letting." Mr. Rowland married
Susanna Robinson, whom he survived. They had no
children.



227. CORNELIUS* ROWLAND (Cornelius, 3 Cornelius, 2
Gideon 1 ), son of Cornelius and Harriet (Converse) How-
land, was born in New Bedford, April 7, 1835, and died
Dec. 7, 1893. In the Civil War he commanded the first
company of infantry raised in New Bedford for three
years, Co. D, 23d Massachusetts Volunteers. In conse-
quence of an attack of malarial fever, and an injury to
his knee while on the march near Newbern, N. C., he
was obliged to return home, and resigned in June. 1862.
He was afterwards offered the colonelcy of a Massachusetts
regiment, but declined in consequence of ill health. Sub-
sequently Mr. Rowland was in business in New York,
where he was known as an expert buyer and collector of
Oriental rugs. He made fourteen business trips abroad,
his death taking place in Smyrna. He married (1) Sept.
15, 1857, Catherine, daughter of Alexander and Mary
Gibbs of New Bedford; (2) Rosemary Gaylord. No chil
dren.

228. LOUISE CONVERSE* ROWLAND (Cornelius, 3 Cor-
nelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), daughter of Cornelius and Harriet (Con-
verse) Rowland, was born in New Bedford, May 20, 1839,
and died in that city Nov. 9, 1895. She was unmarried.
Miss Howland left a large estate, disposing of it by will
in varying sums among numerous kinfolk and friends,
and among the following New Bedford institutions: To
St. Luke's Hospital, $12,500, as a memorial to her parents;
to Grace Episcipal Church, $1,500; to each of the follow-
ing, $500: Y. M. C. A., Ladies' City Mission, New Bed-
ford Port Society, Ladies' Branch of that society, Trim-



200 THE ROWLAND HEIRS

tarian Church, and Association for the Relief of Aged
"Women; also $500 each to Posts 1 and 190, G. A. R., for
relief work, in token of her father's interest in the soldiers;
and $200 to the Cornelius Rowland Engine Co. for its
relief fund.



229. ANDREW MOORE* ROWLAND (Edward W., z Cor-
nelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), son of Edward W. and Minerva (Ellison j
Rowland, was born on his father's farm at Clarks Point,
New Bedford, Nov. 1, 1834, and died in El Paso, Texas,
April 10, 1917. He was educated at Haverford College,
travelled abroad for two years, and subsequently studied
at Harvard Medical School, but decided not to enter the
medical profession. For many years he was engaged in
the wool business in Boston, being a member of the firm of
Rowland, Luce & Manning. Becoming interested in a
book called "Oahspe," published by Dr. J. B. Newbrough,
he subsequently joined Dr. Newbrough and wife and a
few other advocates of vegetarianism, who were attempting
to form a colony for the benefit of children. A tract of
1500 acres was acquired in Dona Ana County, New Mexico,
north of Las Cruces, and there the Shalem Colony was
founded in 1888, nicely laid out with substantial buildings
and a dairy. Thirty-five orphaned and homeless children
were taken at the start, and were brought up in methods
of living to conduce to perfect health. Practical education
was given and useful occupations taught. After a few
years Dr. Newbrough died, and on June 25, 1893, Mr.
Rowland married his widow, and together they continued
the work, on which Mr. Rowland expended a large portion
of his fortune. The eventual failure of the Rio Grande
River to furnish a sufficient water supply, and the conse-
quent inability to solve the irrigation problem, compelled
Mr. Rowland to abandon the venture in 1904. Mr. How-
land subsequently located in El Paso, Texas, where he
passed the remainder of his life.

Mrs. Rowland 's maiden name was Frances Van de Water.
She is a great-granddaughter of William Bell and his wife,
Susanna Grinnell, who was the younger sister of Captain
Cornelius Grinnell (See Grinnell Ancestry), and daughter
of Daniel and Grace (Palmer) Grinnell. William Bell



CORNELIUS ROWLAND'S DESCENDANTS 201

was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and lost a leg
in battle. Mrs. Holland resides in El Paso.



230. MORGAN BARNEY S (George Barney,* Rebecca'"
Rowland, Cornelius,- Gideon 1 ), son of George and Juliet A.
(Martin) Barney, was born in New Bedford, Sept. 25,
1878. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology, Boston, in 1900. Since then he has followed
his profession of naval architecture and marine engineer-
ing, and is established in New York City, having his office
at No. 29 Broadway. He is a member of the Indian
Harbor Yacht Club, the New Bedford Yacht Club, and
the Technology Club of New York.



231. MARY JANE S HOWLAND (Augustus,* Susan, 3 Cor-
nelius,- Gideon 1 ), daughter of Augustus and Phebe J.
(Rowland) Rowland, was born in Aurora, N. Y., Aug. 1,
1834. She was educated at the Friends Boarding School
in Providence, R. I., and Margaret Robinson's School in
Philadelphia. She married at Aurora, May 25, 1854,
Abraham Taber, son of William C. and Hannah S. Taber
of New Bedford, born Aug. 3, 1832, died Nov. 29, 1898.
They had no children. Mrs. Taber is an entertaining
writer, and has published several books, including German-
English Primer, "The Chancellor's Secret" (translated
from the German), "The Cathedrals of England," "Just
a Few Friends," "Bathsheba's Letters to Her Cousin
Deborah," "Bells: An Anthology," and "A Honeymoon
Soliloquy." For many years she has made her home in
New Bedford.



232. GEORGE 5 HOWLAND (Augustus,* Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2
Gideon 1 ), son of Augustus and Phebe J. (Howland) How-
land, was born Aug. 20, 1846, and resides in Aurora, New
York. He married in 1867 Hannah L. Hoxie, who died
Aug. 26, 1914. Children :

246. i. SUSIE E., b. Aug. 9, 1869; d. Dec. 30, 1896.
ii. MARY L., b. Oct. 12, 1871; d. 1872.

247. iii. EDWARD L., b. Aug. 21, 1873.

iv. FRED C., b. May 14, 1876; d. March, 1891.

248. v. Louis ROBERT, b. May 12, 1878.



202 THE ROWLAND HEIRS

233. GEORGE HOWLAND CHASE 5 (Elizabeth* Howland,
Susan, 3 Cornelius? Gideon^}, son of William H. and Eliza-
beth (Howland) Chase, was born April 15, 1834, and died
Oct. 29, 1868. He married May 31, 1862, Mary Francos
Adams, daughter of Charles and Amanda Adams, born
March 26, 1840, who survived him and married (2) Joseph
Chapman, and resided at Bryn Mawr, Pa. Her brother,
Charles H. Adams, married her husband's sister, Caro-
line H. Chase, and her sister, Amanda H. Adams, married
her husband's brother, Dr. Robert H. Chase. Mr. Chase
died of typhoid fever in his thirty-fifth year. Children:

i. CHARLES ADAMS, b. May 22, 1863; d. June 11, 1912; m.
Nov. 7, 1908, Grace A. Parmenter. No children. He
was a practicing attorney.

249. ii. GEORGE HOWLAND, b. Sept. 14, 1866.

234. WILLIAM HENRY CHASE S (Elizabeth* Howland,
Susan, 5 Cornelius, 2 Gideon^), son of William H. and
Elizabeth (Howland) Chase, was born Jan. 21, 1838, and
died March 19, 1892. He married, November, 1860,
Margaret Clapp, who died Dec. 13, 1875. For a number
of years they resided on a farm in Missouri. Children:

250. i. FREDERICK WILLIAM, b. Dec. 24, 1861.

ii. SUSAN HOWLAND, b. April 8, 1864; d. Oct. 14, 1885;

unm.

iii. GEORGE ABBOTT, b. Sept. 23, 1874. For a number of
years a ranchman in Utah and Arizona. In May,
1917, he enlisted in the First Cavalry for the Euro-
pean wax. "It is a genuine pleasure to be doing
our best for our good old Uncle Sam, ' ' he wrote.



235. CAROLINE HOWLAND CHASE S (Elizabeth* Howland,
Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), daughter of William H. and
Elizabeth (Howland) Chase, was born Sept. 13, 1839, and
died Dec. 11, 1910. She married, June 27, 1861, Charles
Henry Adams, son of Charles and Amanda Adams, born
in Philadelphia, June 14, 1838, died Nov. 21, 1910. For
a number of years he carried on the Cayuga Lake Bending
Works at Union Springs, N. Y., until the plant was de-
stroyed by fire, and was subsequently engaged in the fire
and life insurance business in Philadelphia. In their latter
years Mr. and Mrs. Adams spent much time abroad. An
ardent student of Napoleon, he was considered an authority



CORNELIUS ROWLAND'S DESCENDANTS 203

on the subject, and was a contributor to newspapers and
magazines. Mrs. Adams survived her husband but three
weeks. Children :

251. i. ELIZABETH ROWLAND, b. July 6, 1863.

252. ii. JEDIDIAH HOWE, b. Aug. 19, 1866.

236. ABBOTT HOWL AND CHASE S (Elizabeth* Rowland,
Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), son of William H. and
Elizabeth (Rowland) Chase, was born July 17, 1842, and
died March 8, 1914. He married Oct. 6, 1864, Augusta
Heston, born March 23, 1843, died Aug. 26, 1912. He
was engaged for many years in the lumber business in
Batavia, N. Y., later removing to Philadelphia, and con-
ducting a large sanitorium at Chestnut Hill. Children :

i. FLORENCE AUGUSTA, b. Dec. 1, 1865; d. Dec. 23, 1878.
ii. LEWIS HESTON, b. June 15, 1867.
254. iii. ROBERT ABBOTT, b. Jan. 25, 1874.



237. DR. ROBERT HOWLAND CHASE 5 (Elizabeth 4 How-
land, Susan, 3 Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), son of William H. and
Elizabeth (Howland) Chase, eminent American alienist,
was born in Salem, Mass., Jan. 30, 1845. He was a student
for three years at Haverford College (from which he re-
ceived the degree of A. M. in 1885), and pursued his medi-
cal course at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating
with the degree of M. D. in 1869. Making a special study
of mental diseases, he became assistant physician in the
Government Hospital for the Insane in Washington, serv-
ing from 1872 to 1880. In the latter year he w r as appointed
medical superintendent of the male department of the
Pennsylvania State Hospital for the Insane, at Norristown,
where he remained for thirteen years. Since 1893 he has
been medical superintendent of the Friends Hospital for
Mental and Nervous Diseases at Frankford, Philadelphia,
which he has managed with signal ability. This institution,
established in 1813, cares for private patients, and conducts
a training school for nurses. The last available report
shows a total of two hundred seventy-eight patients for
the year.

Dr. Chase's high standing in his field of practice has
been recognized by his election to numerous medical bodies,
including the American Medico-Psychological Association,



204 THE ROWLAND HEIRS

and the Philadelphia Neurological and Psyehiatrix So-
cieties. He is the author of several works which are re-
garded as authorities in the subjects treated, "General
Paresis," "Mental Medicine and Nursing," and "The Un-
geared Mind. ' ' He has also written a ' ' History of Friends
Hospital. ' ' He is a member of the Senior Military Medical
Association of Pennsylvania, but has not yet been called to
active duty (April 1, 1918).

Dr. Chase married (1) Oct. 10. 1871, Amanda Howe
Adams of Philadelphia, daughter of Charles and Amanda
Adams, born Oct. 26, 1849, died Oct. 20, 1885; (2) April 21,
1897, Jane Sovereign Rumsey of Philadelphia, born Oct.
11, 1859. Children, by first marriage :

i. CAROLINE HOWLAND, b. April 13, 1872; d. Aug. 13, 1882.

255. ii. ELIZABETH ABBOTT, b. June 21, 1874.

256. iii. MARY FRANCES, b. Jan. 24, 1877.

iv. ELLEN GODDING, b. Oct. 15, 1879; d. Aug. 12, 1880.

257. v. AMANDA CHASE, b. Oct. 15, 1885.



238. RICHARD SMITH S HOWLAND (Matthew,* Susan, 3
Cornelius, 2 Gideon 1 ), son of Matthew and Rachel C.
(Smith) Howland, was born in New Bedford July 12, 1847.
He attended the Friends Academy in New Bedford, and
graduated from Brown University in 1868, after which he
pursued a special course in Germany at the University of
Berlin. From 1871 to 1885 lie was in the whaling business,
living most of the time in San Francisco, and for the last
five years being agent for Jonathan Bourne's ships. Re-
turning east in 1885 he became business manager of the
Providence Journal, Providence, R. I., of which he was sub-



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