William Richard Cutter.

Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3) online

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man October 16, 1670. Children: 1. Thomas,
born March 25, 1672 ; married Sarah Brown.
2. John. 3. Daniel, May 2, 1680, mentioned
below. 4. Hope, 1682 ; married Lydia Olney.
5. James, married Susannah Wilkinson.

(III) Daniel, son of John Angell, was born
in Providence, May 2, 1680, died June 16,
1750. Like his father he was a farmer, and
a man of great size and strength. "He was in
the habit of going to Boston market with his
team, to trade in that town. On one of these
occasions he put up at a tavern where there
was a British officer with his fencing clubs,
who challenged him for a duel. Mr. Angell
told him he was no fighting man. The officer
told him he could not be excused ; he could
have his choice in the fencing clubs. Well,
said Mr. Angell, if I must fight, I believe I
would rather have one of my wagon stakes
than either of these clubs. This was agreed
to and a ring was formed ; the officer with his
fencing club and Mr. Angell with his
wagon stake grasped by the middle in his right
hand. As they stepped into the ring, "I am
not used to this business" said Mr. Angell ;
"you must tell me when you are ready." "All
ready" replied the officer. These words were
scarcely out of his mouth when the left fist of
Mr. Angell came down upon the officer's nose
like a sledge hammer, which laid him sprawl-
ing on the floor. The blood flowed freely and
covered his face. After a few seconds he par-
tially recovered from the shock and turned
upon one side, when Mr. Angell told him to
come again if he had not got enough.
"Enough, enough," said the officer, "I am
whipped." Mr. Angell married in Providence,
May 2, 1702, Hannah, daughter of Samuel
Winsor. Children: 1. Samuel, born Decem-
ber 12, 1707. 2. John, October 18, 1709. 3.
Nedabiah, April 29, 1712, died April 19, 1786.
4. Joshua, February 26, 1714. 5. Mary, Jan-
uary 4. 1716. 6. Job, January 1, 1718, men-
tioned below. 7. Daniel, October 2j, 1720.

8. Ezekiel. 1722, died September 27, 1782. 9.
Waite. 10. Mercy, married Bradway.



(IV) Job, son of Daniel Angell, was born
January 1, 1718, died in 1786. He lived in
Providence, where he conducted a meat mar-
ket. He married (first) Lydia Fenner, who
died 1806; (second) Ruth Mowry. Children,
all by first wife: 1. Joseph, died aged eighty-
eight. 2. Fenner, mentioned below. 3. John.
4. Job. 5. Daniel. 6. Zelotta, married Ben-
jamin Winsor. 7. Mercy, married Nathan
Cargill. 8. Abigail, married Richard Lee. 9.
Lydia, married Darling Medbury.

(V 7 ) Fenner, son of Job Angell, was born
in Providence, June 25, 1757, died aged nine-
ty-four. He kept a tavern in Providence in
the large gambrel-roofed house on Orms
street, Smith's Hill. He was in addition a
cattle dealer and butcher. He was in the rev-
olution, stationed on Dutch Island, Rhode
Island, to prevent English ships from passing
up the bay. He married (first) Sarah Sprague,
daughter of Joseph Sprague. He married
(second) Amey Johnston. Children, all by
first wife: 1. Nicholas, born January n,
1783: married Sally Richmond. 2. Nancy,
June, 1784; married Asa Newell. 3. William,
September 19, 1788, died 1850: married Sid-
ney Smith. 4. Sally, May 17, 1791 ; married
Aaron Pierce. 5. Mary, December 21, 1793;
married Morris Child. 6. Joseph, March 12,
1796: married Hope Hawkins. 7. Job, Sep-
tember 27, 1797, mentioned below. 8. Phebe,
December 25, 1799, died April 4, 1856; mar-
ried Morris Child. 9. Deborah, March 5,
1804 : married George Cleveland.

(VI) Job (2), son of Fenner Angell, was
born in Providence, September 27. 1797. He
was a dry goods merchant in Providence, and
for many years kept a store on the corner of
Westminster and Exchange streets. He re-
moved to New York City and continued in the
same business, realizing a handsome fortune.
He married Sarah J., born September 26,
1803. daughter of Cyrus Cleveland. Children :
1. George Fenner, born November 17, 1825,
died young. 2. Charles Fenner, July 10, 1827,
died May 21, 1832. 3. Son, February 10,
1829, died young. 4. Elizabeth, May 28, 1830;
married John Lippitt. 5. Franklin W.. June
16, 1832. died October 3, 1832. 6. Albert
Cook, August 13, 1834: married Carrie C.
Jackson. 7. Anna M., October 9, 1836: mar-
ried Job Arnold. 8. Emily F., November g,
1838. 9. Irving. May 26, 1841, mentioned be-
low. 10. Frederic A.. July 26, 1843.

(VII) Irving, son of Job (2) Angell. was
born al Fishkill, New York, May 26, 1841. He
attended school at Hughsonville, New Ham-

burgh, and Clinton, New York. He engaged
in the dry goods business in New York City
from 1858 to 1906; a partner in the firm of
Thomas J. Davis & Company from 1869 to
1904. From 1873 to 1908 he resided in Pas-
saic, New Jersey ; now living in Newton. Mas-
sachusetts. On October 10, 1867, he married
Alice C, of Providence, Rhode Island, daugh-
ter of George W. and Mary Bowen Jackson ;
a niece of Governor Jackson, of Rhode Island,
and a cousin of United States Senator Henry
B. Anthony ; she was born December 16, 1846,
died March 1, 1902. Children: 1. Howard
Bowen, born at Brooklyn, New York, July 30,
1868: attended the public schools of Passaic,
New Jersey, and private schools in New York
City ; since leaving school he has been engaged
in the dry goods business in New York ; Oc-
tober 6, 1903, he married Ethel B. Rhodes, of
Passaic, New Jersey, of which place he has
been a resident since 1873. 2. Charles Hart,
mentioned below.

(VIII) Charles Hart, son of Irving Angell,
was born at Brooklyn, New York, September
20, 1871. He attended private schools in Pas-
saic, New Jersey, and New York City ; enter-
ed Princeton University in 1889, and gradu-
ated with the degree of A. B. in 1893. He
engaged in actuarial work in New York from
1893 to 1898, when he moved to Springfield,
Massachusetts, and entered the actuarial de-
partment of the Massachusetts Mutual Life
Insurance Company. Lip to this time he was
a resident of Passaic, New Jersey. In Janu-
ary, 1902, he was elected assistant actuary of
the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance
Company, which position he now holds. On
October 10, 1900, he married Jessie F., of
Passaic, New Jersey, born February 10, 1874,
daughter of Joseph Theodore and Ellen E.
(Fisher) Speer. Children: Irving Jackson
and Theodore Fisher (twins), born at Spring-
field, Massachusetts, July 13, 1901.

(For preceding generations see preceding sketch).

(Ill) Hope Angell, son of
ANGELL John Angell. was born in 1682
and died in Providence, Rhode
Island, February 11, 1759. He was admitted
a freeman May 6, 1712, and held many town
offices. He lived on the farm which is now
known as the Asylum farm. North Provi-
dence. He married Lydia Olney, who died
aged sixty years nine months seven days. Chil-
dren, recorded in Providence: 1. Abia, born
July 1, 1715 : mentioned below. 2. Oliver,
born February 20, 1716-7: died April 13,



1799. 3. Lydia, born May 8, 1718; married
James Young. 4. Elisha, born October 13,
1719; married Susan Whipple; died Novem-
ber 14, 1755. 5. Mary, born August 4, 1722.
6. Thomas, born June 13, 1724. 7. James,
born January 31, 173 1 ; died 1806.

(IV) Abia, son of Hope Angell, was born
in Providence, July 1, 1715. He lived on a
large farm in Smithfield and North Provi-
dence. Part of the farm was situated in Cum-
berland. He had eight sons and his descend-
ants are numerous and widely scattered. He
married Freelove Smith. Children : Eber ;
Solomon; Gideon, born 1746, died 1833; Ru-
fus ; Abiah ; George, farmer in Cumberland,
married Elizabeth Mosier ; Hezekiah ; Benja-
min, mentioned below.

(V) Benjamin, son of Abia Angell, was
born in Providence, and died September 28,
1826. When a young man he sold his share
in his father's farm and went to Saville, now
Sunapee, New Hampshire, and carried on a
farm with his brother Gideon. He later sold
that farm and returned to Smithfield, Rhode
Island, and rented farms at Smithfield and
Providence. He was a member of the train
band during the revolution. He was an in-
dustrious citizen, of a social nature. His chief
aim in life was the education of his children.
He married Lydia Benchley, born January 14,
1760, died May 12, 1831. Children, born in
New Hampshire: 1. Lemuel, October 11,
1782. 2. George, March 24, 1785; mentioned
below. 3. Pardon, May 12, 1788; died De-
cember 27, 1862. 4. Christopher, September
16, 1790; died May 12, 1862. 5. Harriet,
May 20, 1794 ; married Joseph B. Hawkins.
6. Almira, October 28, 1802; married Hiram
L. Howard.

(VI) Rev. George, son of Benjamin Angell,
was born at Smithfield, Rhode Island, March
24, 1785, and was educated there in the public
schools and at Brown University. He removed
to North Providence with his father in 1803,
and followed farming during his boyhood and
early manhood. In 1809 he was baptized and
admitted to the Baptist church, and at that
time determined to prepare himself for the
ministry. After his marriage he took charge
of a select school at Olneyville, near Provi-
dence. There being no religious society there,
he established a meeting for prayer and ex-
hortation, taking the lead in these exercises
and thus securing valuable experience for his
profession. He pursued the study of divinity
while teaching, and from time to time, as op-
portunity offered, he preached. In the autumn

of 1812 he was called to supply the pulpit of
the Second Baptist Church at Woodstock,
Connecticut, in the following spring was en-
gaged as pastor, and was ordained there Au-
gust 28, 1813. For three years he filled this
pastorate to the entire satisfaction of his peo-
ple and with great credit to himself. He was
invited to preach for the Union society at
Southbridge, Massachusetts, composed of per-
sons of various denominations worshipping
together in the old parish church after the
Congregationalists had withdrawn. This was
in September, 1816, a short time after the in-
corporation of the town. In this congregation
were a number of members of Baptist
churches in various adjacent towns, and they
were anxious to unite in forming a Baptist
society in Southbridge. Mr. Angell accepted
this invitation to preach to these united people,
and soon afterward was requested by them,
without distinction of religious denominations,
to become their pastor. He accepted the call
with the distinct understanding that he should
be settled as a Baptist clergyman, and this
condition was accepted. He began his pastor-
ate June 1, 1816. He organized a Baptist
church in Southbridge January 29, 181 7, with
twenty-six members. He continued in this
pastorate in the greatest harmony with his
church and society until his untimely death,
Sunday, February 18, 1827. He was greatly
beloved in the community, and his death was
sincerely lamented by all the people. He was
an able and convincing preacher, a tireless
worker, and a most earnest and pious Chris-
tian. He married (first) at Smithfield, No-
vember 25, 1810 (Rev. Rufus Tefft officiating)
Lydia, daughter of Noah Farnum, grand-
daughter of Rev. Samuel Windsor, formerly
pastor of the First Baptist Church of Provi-
dence. During the first two years of his pas-
torate at Southbridge, his wife and two chil-
dren died. In 1819 he married (second) Re-
becca Thorndike, youngest daughter of Lieu-
tenant Paul Thorndike, of Dunstable and
Tewksbury, Massachusetts. She was distin-
guished through life for her piety, charity and
gentle and kindly character.

(VII) George Thorndike, only child of
Rev. George and Rebecca (Thorndike) An-
gell, was born in Southbridge, Massachusetts,
June 5. 1823. His early education was obtain-
ed in various schools of Massachusetts, Ver-
mont and New Hampshire, as his mother,
being left a widow with small means, found it
necessary to teach for their support. Early in
his boyhood he entered a large dry goods



house in Boston where he worked for two
years, and then, through the efforts of his
mother, was placed in an academy at Meriden,
New Hampshire, where he prepared for col-
lege. He entered Brown University in 1842.
In order to partly support himself by teach-
ing, he left there at the end of a year, next
fall entering Dartmouth College, from which
he graduated in 1846. After graduating he
studied law with Hon. Richard Fletcher,
judge of the Massachusetts supreme court, at
the same time teaching school, studying nights
and vacations. The next two years he was in
the Harvard Law School, and studying in the
office of Charles G. Loring, Boston. In De-
cember, 1 85 1, he was admitted to the bar, and
formed a partnership with Hon. Samuel E.
Sevvall, of Boston, in the practice of law, and
continued with him for fourteen years. The
partnership with Mr. Sewall was always a
pleasant recollection of Mr. Angell in his after
life, owing to its pleasant and harmonious
character. He became the senior partner in
the firm of Angell & Jennison, Boston, contin-
uing in this relation several years.

From early childhood Mr. Angell was ex-
tremely fond of animals. In 1864, two years
before the founding in America of any society
for the prevention of cruelty to animals, he
gave by will (being then unmarried) a large
portion of his property to be used after his
death in carrying humane education into
schools and Sunday schools. In 1866 the driv-
ing to death in a forty-mile race of two of the
best horses in the state, moved him to action
for the establishment of a Massachusetts so-
ciety for such education. He wrote to the
Boston Daily Advertiser announcing his will-
ingness to give both time and money to estab-
lish such a society, and stating that, if there
were any other persons in Boston willing to
unite with him in this object, he should be glad
to be informed. The next morning he was
called upon by an influential Boston lady, Mrs.
William Appleton, who told him that she had
been trying to form such a society, and also
by other prominent citizens, and he soon found
himself engaged in a work which led him to
abandon his profession and devote himself and
his means, without any pecuniary compensa-
tion, to the protection of dumb animals from
cruelty, and to the humane education of the
American people. He first obtained an act of
incorporation for the new society from the
Massachusetts legislature, and wrote and
caused to be adopted the constitution and by-
laws under which it has acted ever since. He

was elected the first president of the new so-
ciety, and held that office until his death,
.March 16, 1909. With the aid of Chief Jus-
tice Bigelow and Hon. William Gray, he pre-
pared the laws under which the prosecutions
of the society have been made ever since, and
obtained their enactment by the legislature.
These objects accomplished, he succeeded in
getting the city government of Boston to put
under his personal orders for three weeks,
seventeen policemen picked from the whole
force, to canvass the entire city, houses and
stores, for funds to carry on the work ; so,
with the aid of gifts from various citizens, he
raised about thirteen thousand dollars. Next,
in behalf of the society, he started Our Dumb
Animals, the first paper of its kind in the
world for the protection of dumb animals, and
caused to be printed two hundred thousand
copies of the first number. These he distrib-
uted through the Boston police in every house
in Boston, and in every city and town in the
state, through the aid of the legislature and of
General Butler, then postmaster of Boston.
He next caused twenty drinking fountains for
animals to be erected in Boston, and by his ex-
posures of the terrible condition of the
Brighton slaughter houses, laid the founda-
tions of the abattoir which took their place.
In 1869, worn out by the day and night labor
of the past year, he went abroad for a rest ;
and while in England induced the Royal So-
ciety there to start a paper similar to his own,
and, with the aid of Baroness Burdett-Coutts,
to establish the Ladies' Humane Educational
Committee, which has done a vast educational
work in England. He also visited the con-
tinental societies, and was the only American
representative at the World's Congress in
Zurich, Switzerland, in 1869. Returning to
America. Mr. Angell went, in the fall of 1870
to Chicago and spent nearly six months in the
founding of the Illinois Humane Society, at a
personal cost to himself of about six hundred
dollars. It would require a volume to record
fully Mr. Angell's work from that time. He
gave addresses and aided in forming humane
societies as far south as New Orleans, and as
far west as North Dakota. He addressed state
legislatures, national and international con-
ventions of educational men, agricultural and
religious conventions, union meetings of
churches, numerous colleges and schools all
over the country. He made an address before
the National Grange at Washington, also at
Richmond, and once addressed eight hundred
and thirty-six of the police force of Philadel-



phia, and once about three thousand drivers
of horses gathered in the Boston Theatre. In
the winter of 1885-6 he addressed, during six-
ty-one days, all the high, Latin and normal
schools of Boston. In 1882 he started the
American Band of Mercy, of which he was
made president. From this parent band sprang
over twenty-one thousand branches, with
probably between one and two million mem-
bers. In 1874 he was elected a director of the
American Social Science Association, and
from that time to 1881 gave much attention to
the labor question and the growth and preven-
tion of crime, particularly crimes against pub-
lic health in the sale of poisonous and adulter-
ated foods and other articles. He succeeded
in 1881 in obtaining a Congressional report
on this subject, embodying a vast amount of
evidence he had gathered, and caused over a
hundred thousand copies of it to be distributed
in this country and in Europe.

In 1889 he founded the American Humane
Education Society, the first of its kind in the
world, and obtained its incorporation from the
Massachusetts legislature, with power to hold
a half million dollars free from taxation. For
this corporation he has employed missionaries
forming humane societies in the south and
west : has caused nearly two million copies
of "Black Beauty" to be circulated in English
and other languages; furnished the paper Our
Dumb Animals regularly to many citizens and
all the American newspaper and magazine edi-
tors north of Mexico. To this society he gave
property valued at several thousand dollars,
and he was elected the president. Mr. Angell's
writings are circulated not only over the
United States but largely in Europe and also
in. Asia, and some of them being used in places
as far distant as China, Japan, and the public
schools in New Zealand. He offered many
prizes to American editors, colleges and uni-
versity students, and many others, for the best
essays on humane subjects.

Mr. Angell was very prominent in his col-
lege society, the Alpha Delta Phi, which he
founded at Dartmouth, and which was the
only secret society he ever joined, except the
Masonic fraternity. He was liberal in relig-
ion and independent in politics. He died
March 16, 1909, aged eighty-six years. His
death was a loss to the whole country, and ex-
pressions of regret at his death and of appre-
ciation for his noble life and work came from
all parts of the world. His name was a house-
hold word, and stood for the finest instincts of
human nature. The Congregationalist said of

him: "In recent years Mr. Angell has made
his headquarters at the Hotel Westminster,
going down to the offices for directors' meet-
ings. Before the hotel lies Copley Square,
with its palisade of churches and public build-
ings. As the venerable president left its doors
he could see the edifices of three sects, the
public library, the museum of fine arts and
farther on, the Institute of Technology. All
these symbolize the agencies which he strove
to interest and co-ordinate in his life-work.
And now the keen eyes are closed, and the
broad, clean-shaven mouth is set firm forever.
Animaldom may well sadly chant, 'Le Roi est
mort'. But, A^ive le Roi' ; his work goes for-
ward in millions of homes and schools, scat-
tered in many nations, a ceaseless agency for
mercy and for love." Not only the religious
press, but the secular press as well, gave ex-
pression to the universal loss caused by his

Mr. Angell married, at Lynn, Massachu-
setts, November 12, 1872, Eliza Ann Martin,
born in Northfield. September 13, 1840,
daughter of Warren and Lucy Augusta (Proc-
tor) Mattoon and widow of Charles W. Mar-
tin. They had no children, but reared two —
Mrs. Reuben Abbott, of Brookline, and Mrs.
Elbridge P. Jones, of Newton Highlands.

Mr. E. H. Clement, in the "Listener", Bos-
ton Evening Transcript, gave a beautiful trib-
ute to Mr. Angell's noble life, in the issue of
March 17, 1909, as follows:

"If there indeed were, as many believe,
some subtle means of communication between
the human and sub-human orders, as there
surely is within the races themselves, we might
fancy that the news of Mr. Angell's comple-
tion of his labors here in Boston has flown
far and wide by this time. It must have been
received with genuine grief in hard-scrabble
back towns of New England, where the pa-
tient and faithful creatures of poverty-struck
farmers shiver through the winter in barns
full only of cracks and holes. It must have
been heard with dismay on the far Western
plains — where no shelter whatever is ever
thought of for animals herded on the base cal-
culation that there will be still some small
profit off each wretched surviving walking
skeleton to offset the lingering deaths of thou-
sands of its mates from starvation, thirst and
freezing. It would surely be carried by the
pigeons spared through, his laws and prosecu-
tions from trap-shooting matches of marks-
manship — to meet the returning songsters on
their way, or so many of them as have escaped



from the wholesale slaughter in the South for
restaurant suppers in our cities. It would
circulate most rapidly, through these cities
where the lame and halt, aged and blind and
broken-winded horses pass in many cases even
on their dying day, from one conscienceless
buyer to another worse one; where neglected
or heartlessly betrayed dogs and cats are
saved nowadays from lingering death by star-
vation, or the worse 'death that nature never
made' — thanks to the teaching and influence
set in motion by Mr. Angell a generation ago.
"Such a man had to be constituted different-
ly, of course, from the common run of men.
It certainly was queer to see an energetic,
capable, strong, quick, brainy man, devoting
himself to something that there was no money
in for himself — only time, which is money to
a smart lawyer, — and money out for years.
Ordinary good, respectable business-minding
people are content to pass by on the other side
when a case of animal agony or misery con-
fronts them ; most women turn and flee from
such a sight and stop their ears at home to
revelations of deliberate cruelties practiced.
It takes an altogether singular courage to face
the problems of diminishing the amount of
misery about us. If some of Mr. Angell's
singularities made the unthinking laugh, and
others that he interfered with, rage, it must
be taken into account that it is an appalling
task to move the great mass of indifferent,
sceptical, cold-hearted, self-centered, common-
place people. Of course, a man to do this sort
of thing must be unlike anybody else. But
only the extremist moves the world, or ever
has done it. Mr. Angell's forty years of unique
work for mercy among us lives after him in
constantly expanding reach and power and
blessing for human society and every living

This surname is variously spelled
\ I IBEY Abba, Abbe, Abbee, Abbey, Abet,

Abbie, Abie, Abbeye and Abby.
The Enfield branch of the family has used the
forms Abby and Abbey, while the Windham,
Connecticut, branch has preferred Abbe as a
rule. For convenience the spelling Abbey is
used in this sketch. The origin of the name is
doubtless from some location at or near an
abbey from which some progenitor took a
nickname that became a family name in ac-
cordance with a common process. The Abbe
coat-of-arms : Gules five fusils in fesse be-
tween three scallop shells. Crest on a wreath

of three colors of the shield (gules and ar-
gent) an eagle's head erased or.

Online LibraryWilliam Richard CutterGenealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3) → online text (page 138 of 145)