William Richard Cutter.

Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3) online

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St. Johnsbury alone in 181 2, and for ten years
thereafter in that and neighboring towns had
severe training in the school of difficulties and
reverses. He acquired early maturity of char-
acter and purpose; habits of frugality, indus-
try, persistance, knowledge of men and various
business. Following the invention of the plat-
form scale by his brother Thaddeus, he became
head of the firm of E. and T. Fairbanks &
Company, a position which he held for thirty
years, during which time under his energetic
and skillful management the business grew to
large proportions and well established fame.
In 1836 he was sent to the state Legislature,
where from the first he was a leader, especially
active in the interests of education and tern-



perance. He was a presidential elector of the
Whig party in 1844, and again in 1848. About
this time he was actively pushing the construc-
tion of the Passumpsic railroad, of which he
was president, from White River to St. Johns-
bury, at which terminus he greeted the first
engine in November, 1850. Two years later
he was elected governor of Vermont, and
among other important legislative acts he had
the satisfaction of affixing his signature to the
prohibitory liquor law, which with some modi-
fications has ever since remained in force. In
i860 he was a second time called to the chief
magistracy, this time to be known as the 'War
Governor' of Vermont. This situation was
at first exceedingly embarrassing, but the
people had such confidence in his wisdom and
integrity that "the extra session of the legis-
lature which met eight days after the firing on
Fort Sumter, had the good sense to place at
his entire disposal a million of dollars, putting
no check upon the use of it only as his judg-
ment might deem prudent and best. To those
acquainted with his good judgment, strict integ-
rity, his high sense of impartial right, his
systematic business habits so early and con-
tinuously trained to grasp business matters
on a large scale, the result was no surprise.'
In acknowledgment of his delicate, laborious
and successful official acts, joint resolutions
most complimentary were praised by the
Senate and House. On his retirement from
office it was found that 'the salary to which
he was entitled was never touched, and that it
remains in the treasury of the state, another
evidence of his generous love for Vermont,
whose interests were dearer to him than his
own, and an honor to both people and the exe-
cutive.' From earliest manhood Governor
Fairbanks was a devoted, active, public-spirit-
ed, christian man. He was for fifty years a
pillar in the home church, Congregational, and
in later life a member and officer of many
benevolent boards, which he supported by
liberal contributions of money, time and per-
sonal service. 'In christian efficiency he stood
in the front rank of our most devoted lay-
membership.' 'He could not brook low aims
and poor performances. He was a positive
quality and power. Just where God placed
him he stood. Calmly he listened to the voice
of duty. Resolutely he handled the simple
and obvious elements of his destiny. He was
both strenuous and patient, frank and reserved
sincere and wary.' 'His candor, zeal, judg-
ment, his promptness and recollection in the
midst of most absorbing civil occupations,

were too conspicuous for commendation, and
blended gently with the precious friendships
and fine liberality of spirit.' His death removed
from the community a man of great original
force, and long and varied usefulness." He
married. May 30, 1815, Lois Grossman, born
November 13, 1792, died May 15, 1866, daugh-
ter of Samuel and Lois (Chamberlain) Cross-
man. The children of this marriage were :
Jane, George, Horace., Charles, Julia, Frank-
lin, Sarah, Emily and Ellen.

(VIII) Colonel Franklin, fourth son of
Hon. Erastus and Lois (Crossman) Fairbanks,
was born in St. Johnsbury, June 18, 1828, died
April 24. 1895. The Fairbanks Genealogy
says of him : "He received a good academic
education, and at the age of seventeen began
his connection with the scale business, which
was continued just fifty years. He had a
natural turn for mechanics, and not only kept
himself familiar with the details of construc-
tion, but patented various improvements,
among them the revolving beam for letter bal-
ances adopted by the government for use in
the post office. He was for many years super-
intendent of the corporation of E. & T. Fair-
banks & Company, and after the death of his
brother Horace in 1888 he succeeded to the
presidency of this, and of other business
organizations at home and elsewhere. He was
a member of the staff of Governor Hall in
1858, also of Governor Erastus Fairbanks in
i860; was active in military affairs, and super-
intended the manufacture of artillery and har-
ness irons for the government during the civil
war. He represented the town in the state
Legislature in 1871-72-73, the last two years
being speaker of the house. For twenty years
or more he was an active member of the state
Republican committee. He was a member of
the Masonic fraternity; in 1877 he received
the honorary degree of Master of Arts from
Dartsmouth' College. He was an intelligent
lover of nature; from boyhood he was a keen
observer and enthusiastic collector of objects
of interest of every sort. His collections,
which represented more than half a century's
accumulation of increasingly rare value and
variety, were shrined in a conspicuous and
architecturally elegant building which was in-
corporated and presented to the town of St.
Johnsbury in 1891, under the designation of
the Museum of Natural Science. This was
designed to be one of the educational features
of the town, affiliated with the Athenaeum,
Academy, and Union Schools. Colonel Fair-
banks was not only always active in business,



but in social life; full of geniality and kindly
humor ; much interested in the welfare of chil-
dren and young people. He maintained most
friendly acquaintance with the factory men,
and did much in this way to secure good feel-
ing and prosperity to the business. For more
than thirty years he was superintendent of the
North Church Sunday school, also for a long
time a member of the International Sunday
School Lesson Committee. In these and other
services to the interests of religion and of
missions he worked with zeal, and added to
the permanent influence of a useful Christian
life." He married, December 8, 1852, Frances
A., daughter of Rev. Sumner G. and Pamelia
(Strong) Clapp, of St. Johnsbury. She was
born in Enfield, Massachusetts, November 2,
1 83 1, died in Springfield, Massachusetts, Feb-
ruary 4, 1895. They had four children: 1.
Alfred, born December 8, 1857, died December
9, 1857. 2. Mary Florence, July 26, 1859,
married, September 8, 1886, Dr. Joseph T.
Herrick, of Springfield, Massachusetts (see
Herrick XII). 3. Margaret, June 29, 1862,
died August 26, 1863. 4. Ellen Henrietta, Au-
gust 18, 1872, married, January 29, 1896,
Frank H. Brooks, of St. Johnsbury.

The surname Burrell is doubt-
BURRELL less derived from the name of
a locality. There is an ancient
town in Yorkshire called Burrel. Borel was
in use as a personal name in 1086 and earlier,
before surnames were used in England. The
coat-of-arms of the ancient Burrell family,
seated in the county of Northumberland, Eng-
land, was: Sable a chevron between three
mullets argent. Another armorial of the
family seated at Malfield and Brome Park,
Northumberland : On a saltire gules between
four leves vert on a chief azure a lion's head
erased between two battle axes proper. Crest :
An armed arm proper holding a bunch of bur-
dock vert. Motto: Adhaero. A branch of
the Northumberland family settled at Dowsby,
Lincolnshire. Other important branches of
the Burrell family were at Beckenham,
county Kent, a younger branch of the Burrells
of Holmsted, county Sussex, at Valentine
House, county Essex, and at Woodland,

(I) John Burrell, immigrant ancestor, set-
tled in Weymouth, Massachusetts, before

1659. He married Rebecca . In the

list of possessions, December 14, 1664, it
appears that he had five acres of land, with
thirty-three lots. In the second division on

the Braintree line, he had fifteen acres, forty-
one lots. His homestead is described in the
records of the proprietors as three acres in
the range first granted to Nicholas Norton, on
the highway bounded by land of Thomas Bug-
bee on the west, of Hugh Roe on the north
and of Goodman Hughes on the south. He
owned an acre in King Oke Hill adjoining land
of Thomas Dyer; two acres in the range first
granted to Robert Jeffery. Children, born at
Weymouth: 1. John, mentioned below. 2.
Thomas. February 2, 1659. 3. Ephraim, July
19, 1664, married Lydia ; and had chil-
dren : Lydia Mary, Samuel, Ephraim, John
and Sarah, all at Weymouth.

(II) John (2), son of John (1) Burrell,
was born about 1650-60 in Weymouth. He
was a soldier in King Philip's war under the
lamented Captain Isaac Johnson, December,
1675. Children, born at Weymouth: 1. Eliz-
abeth, September 25, 1689. 2. Thomas, May
26, 1692. 3. John, mentioned below.

(III) John ( 3 ), son of John (2) Burrell, was
born in Weymouth, February 19, 1695. He
settled at Weymouth. He married (intention
dated December 8, 1716) Mary Humphrey.
Among his children was Joseph, mentioned
below, and Humphrey, of Abington, married
Mary Gardner, of Hingham.

( IV) Joseph, son of John (3) Burrell, was
born at Weymouth, September 24, 17 19, died
July 26, 1798. He inherited by will the home-
stead of his grandfather, John Humphrey, at
Hingham, and resided there on High street,
near French street. He married (probably)
Mary Bates. Children: 1. Joseph, married
Tabitha Pratt. 2. Benjamin, mentioned below.

3. Stephen, born in Hingham, married Clarissa
Dyer, of Weymouth ; died July 29, 1868. Prob-
ably others.

1 V ) Benjamin, son of Joseph Burrell, at
the age of twenty-five, then of Abington, en-
listed as a soldier in the revolution in Captain
Cobb's company, Colonel Mitchell's regiment,
in 1776; also in Captain Joseph Trufant's
company, Colonel Josiah Whitney's regiment,
served at Hull in 1776-77; he was described
as of light complexion, five feet ten inches in
height. Married, in Hingham. June 19, 1788,
Lois Tower, born in Hingham, January 20,
1769, daughter of Malachi and Ruth (Hay-
ward ) Tower. Children, born in Hingham
and Weymouth: 1. Benjamin. January 29,
1789, mentioned below. 2. Martin, November

4, 1790. 3. John, November 14, 1792, mar-
ried, September 19, 1819, Mary Ann McBean.
4. Susanna, March 3, 1795, married. December



3, 181 5, Martin Hobart. 5. Malachi, Febru-
ary 9, 1797. 6. Ruth, April 17, 1799, married,
May 21, 1820, David Bates, of Weymouth. 7.
Asa, April 11, 1801, married, April 3, 1822,
Anna Bates; died at Weymouth, April 9, 1871.

8. Mary, May 25, 1803, married (first)

Sullivan; (second) Samuel Tirrell. 9. Warren,
June 5, 1805, married, January, 1835, Mary
H. Gardner. 10. Louisa, July 4, 1807, mar-
ried, September 14, 1828, Caleb Marsh. II.
Joseph, December 22, 1809. married, Novem-
ber 11, 1833, Mary E. Ford; died at Wey-
mouth. April 26, 1869. 12. Sophia P., mar-
ried, September 13, 1848, Severns Richards.

(VI) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (1)
Burrell, was born January 29, 1789. He lived
at Weymouth. Married Mary Humphrey.
Children, born at Weymouth: Jacob, Benja-
min, David, killed in the civil war ; James,
Elizabeth, Mary, Charles, John Pratt, men-
tioned below ; all deceased.

(VII) John Pratt, son of Benjamin (2)
Burrell, was born at East Weymouth, March
15, 1825, died there January 4, 1894. He was
educated in the public schools of his native
town, and served an apprenticeship of seven
years at the carpenter trade. He followed his
trade before the civil war broke out. He
enlisted in Company H of East Weymouth
and was in the service one year, being mus-
tered out with the rank of lieutenant. He en-
gaged in the manufacture of shoes after the
war and was for many years a prominent and
successful manufacturer. He retired a num-
ber of years before his death. He was honor-
ed with many positions of trust and responsi-
bility. For twelve years he was assessor of
Weymouth and held that office at the time of
his death. He served the town also as a
selectman. In politics he was a Republican.
In religion a Methodist, he took a prominent
position in the church and was chorister there
for more than a quarter of a century. He
was a member of Orphans Hope Lodge of
Free Masons ; of Crescent Lodge of Odd Fel-
lows ; of Reynolds Post, No. 58, Grand Army
of the Republic. Mr. Burrill possessed the
sound judgment and upright character that
made him a wise and sympathetic counselor
and a valued friend. He was gifted with
unusual sagacity in business, a remarkable
memory and he was earnest, industrious and
enterprising. He had the confidence of men
in all walks of life, the esteem of all his towns-
men, the affection and love of many friends.
He married (first) March 1, 1848, Ansella
Pratt, born June 9, 1830, died May 20, 1856,

daughter of David and Mercy Pratt. Chil-
dren : 1. Fanny Maria, born January 29, 1849,
died April 24, 1870; married, November 26,
1868, Noah Frank Vining. 2. John Franklin,
born April 29, 1856, died March 8, 1877. He
married (second) May 31, 1857, Susan Ann
Bates, born January 2, 1833, died March 26,
1909, daughter of Abraham and Susan Leavitt
(Stoddar) Bates, of East Weymouth (see
Bates family). Children, born at Weymouth:

3. Virginia, born October 11, i860, married
Wallace Whiton, born 1856 at Hingham ; chil-
dren : Fannie Burrell Whiton, born May 22,
1883, at East Weymouth, and Wallace Ash-
ton, born March 22, 1886, died May 20, 1886.

4. William Morrison, born July 20, 1868, edu-
cated in public schools of Weymouth and Wes-
leyan Academy at Wilbraham, Massachusetts,
then at Comers Commercial College at Boston ;
learned telegraphy and for some years held
the position of telegraph operator on different
railroads, finally entering the employ of the
Rutland railroad, where he has served in dif-
ferent capacities and at present is the New
England freight agent for this road and also
for the Rutland Transit Company. He mar-
ried, July 2j, 1907, Antoinette Berry, born in
Boston, daughter of Charles J. and Rosabelle
(Farnsworth) Berry, of Boston.

(The Bates Line i.

The family of Bates, Bate or Batt, as it was
variously spelled, is ancient in England, and
many members of the family in England as
well as America, have been distinguished. The
Bates coat-of-arms is : A lion's head erased,
gules. The name is a form of Bertelot (Bart-
lett ) , derived from the old name Bartholo-
mew, when surnames came into vogue. Five
generations of the family are traced in Eng-
land in direct line of ancestry of Clement
Bates, of Hingham, the immigrant.

( I ) Thomas Bates lived in Lydd, parish of
All Hallows, county Kent, England, and died
there in 1485.

(II) John, son of Thomas Bates, died in

(III) Andrew, son of John Bates, had four
sons and died at Lydd in 1533.

(IV) Tohn (2), son of Andrew Bates, died
at Lydd in 1580, leaving three sons.

(V) James, son of John (2) Bates, died at
Lydd in 1614. Among his children authorities
give the three American pioneers of this name:
Clement of Hingham, Edward of Weymouth,
mentioned below, and James of Dorchester.

( I ) Elder Edward Bates, immigrant ances-



tor of this branch of the family, was born in
England in 1605 and came from Boston or
vicinity, Lincolnshire, to America. He joined
the first church in Boston in November, 1633,
and is called "man servant to our brother
Thomas Leverett." He was among the fifty-
seven inhabitants of Boston who in 1638 were
disarmed for heresy, on account of their being
followers of Ann Hutchinson. He was ad-
mitted a freeman, March 13, 1638-39, and was
a proprietor of Weymouth in 1643. He was
deputy to the general court in 1639-40-41, and
again in 1660. He was a commissioner to
end small causes in Weymouth in 1639-43.
He was selectman in 1643 and was often em-
ployed by the town in legal matters. For more
than thirty years he held the office of elder of
the church, and held many offices of trust in
the town. He owned a saw mill and corn mill.
His will was dated October 22, 1683, and
proved July 22. 1686. He died March 25,

1686. He married Susanna . Children :

1. Prudence, buried June 11, 1639. 2. Sus-
anna, married ( first ) Nathaniel Blanchard ;
(second) Deacon Thomas Bass, 1680. 3.
Increase, born December 28, 1641, married

Mary ; died February 20. 1717. 4.

John, baptized January 23, 1642, married, 1665,
Mary Farwell. 5. Mary, married, January 8,
1662, John Rogers. 6. Anna, married James
Stewart. 7. Edward, born December 10, 1655,
mentioned below. Jehoshbeath, died unmar-

(II) Edward (2), son of Elder Edward (1)
Bates, was born December 10, 1655, died Au-
gust 21, 1725. He married Elizabeth Shaw,
born February 26. 1656, died July 6, 1748, at
Hingham, daughter of Deacon John Shaw.
Children: 1. Susanna, born February 6, 1679,
married William Thomas. 2. Edward, Febru-
ary 3. 1682, married, 1712, Silence Richards.

3. John. January 16, 1685, mentioned below.

4. Ebenezer. 5. Joseph, married Joanna Tink-
ham. 6. Samuel, married (first) Hannah
Shaw ; (second ) Ruth Ward. 7. Eleazer, mar-
ried, 1734. Rachel Eager. 8. Mary, born De-
cember 11, 1697, married, March 29, 1725,
Caleb Campbell. 9. Benjamin, born February
7, 1700, died April 4, 1700. 10. Benjamin,
married, 1726, Rebecca Eager. 11. Elizabeth,
married, November 22, 1750, Deacon Samuel

(III) Sergeant John (3), son of Edward
(2) Bates, was born January 16, 1685, died in
February, 1770. He married Alice Shaw, born
April 13, 1687, daughter of Nicholas and Deb-
orah ( Fuller ) Shaw. Children: Joshua, born

November 19. 1708, died young. 2. John, July
13, 1710, married, March, 1732, Thankful
Randall. 3. Joshua, April 20, 1712, married,
December 31, 1733, Martha Orcutt. 4. Jacob,
September 16, 1714, died October 16, 1742.

5. Elisha, July 8, 1717, married, May 28, 1740,
Silence Bates. 6. Alice, March 22, 1720, died
August 6. 1742. 7. Hannah, February 9, 1721,
died October 10. 1742. 8. Abraham, February
29, 1724, mentioned below. 9. Elizabeth, Sep-
tember 1, 1725, died September 24, 1742. 10.
Susanna, November 26, 1728, died October
24. 1742.

(IV) Abraham, son of Sergeant John (3)
Bates, was born February 29, 1724. He mar-
ried. January 1, 1749-50, Sarah Tower, born
April 20, 1732, daughter of Peter and Patience
( Gardner ) Tower, of Hingham. Children: 1.
Abraham, born April 28, 1751, married, May
20, 1773. Hannah Pratt. 2. Susannah, De-
cember 9. 1752, married, March 26, 1772,
Caleb Loud. 3. Joshua, January 27, 1755,
married, October 7, 1784, Tirza Pratt. 4.
Thaddeus, October 8, 1757, married, April 1,
1784, Hannah Humphrey. 5. Alpheus, March
12. 1750. mentioned below. 6. Lebbeus, Janu-
ary 16, 1760, married, March 20, 1788, Mary
Packard. 7. Elisha, September 27, 1763, men-
tioned below. 8. John, baptized October 1,
1769. 9. Nabby. baptized June 13. 1773.

( V ) Alpheus, son of Abraham Bates, was
born March 12, 1759. He was in the Revolu-
tion from Weymouth, in Captain Joseph Tru-
fant's company, Coloney Josiah Whitney's
regiment. July 15 to December 11, 1776; also
in Captain Pool's independent company at
Hull, and in Captain Silas Hall's company,
Colonel John Robinson's regiment. July I,
1777. to January 1, 1778. He married, Janu-
ary 9, 1783. Elizabeth Pratt, who died Sep-
tember 14. 1854, aged eighty-seven years,
eight months, twenty-five days. Children: 1.
Charles, born June 3. 1784, married, January
8, 1804, Patia Bicknell. 2. Benjamin, Septem-
ber 0, 1786, married, November 29, 1807, Eliz-
abeth Rice. 3. Jacob, April 18, 1789, married,
May 15, 1814, Nabby L. Waterman. 4. Sarah
Pratt. November 27, 1791, married, 1813,
David Richards. 5. Betsey, November 27,
1794, married. October 6, 1816, Ebed French.

6. Nabby, February 24, 1797, married, April
18. 1813, Norton 'Tirrell. 7. Nathan, Sep-
tember 23, 1799, married, January 13, 1825,
Eliza Dyer. 8. David, January 31, 1802, died
February 8, 1806. 9. Abraham, June 30, 1804,
mentioned below. 10. David, January 4> 1807,
died August 21, 1827. 11. Joseph, January 31,



1809, married, October 6, 1825, Rebecca Crush-
ing. 12. Lucinda, September 2, 181 1, married,
February 3, 1830, Ebenezer Tirrell.

I V ) Elisha, son of Abraham Bates, was
born September 2j, 1763, died May 16, 1834.
He married, October 9, 1787, Hannab Ayres,
who died February 12, 1824, aged fifty-eight.
Children: I. Charlotte, born February 27,
1789, married, April 14. 1808, William Hunt.
2. Elisha, April 25, 1791 , married, June 25,
1809, Betsey Dyer. 3. Betsey, September 21,
1792, married. 1815, Fred dishing. 4. Will-
iam. September 2, 1794, married, May 29,
1814, Deborah Xash. 5. John, April 9, 1797,
married Mary French. 6. Nancy, May 16,
1799, married, September 8, 1815, John Cush-
m g J r - 7- Evelina, April 24, 1801, married,
September 28, 1823, Ebenezer Kingman. 8.
Mary, August 23, 1807, died March 13, 1824.

( VI ) Abraham ( 2 ), son of Alpheus Bates,
was born June 30, 1804, died July 2, 1853.
He married, December 1, 1828, Susan Leavitt
Stoddar. born January 26. 181 1, died May,
1900, daughter of Daniel and Lydia (Wilder)
Stoddar. He was a carpenter by trade ; but
in later years had charge of the landing and
unloading of coal barges at Weymouth. He
was a faithful member of the Methodist
church, highly respected. Children: I.Abra-
ham L., born December 21, 1829. died May 7,
1833. 2. Susan Ann, January 2, 1833, married,
May 31, 1857, John P. Burrill. (See Burrill
family). 3. Cordelia, July 13, 1835, married,
June 15, 1856, Eli L. Hasking. 4. Caroline
Binney, March 5, 1839, married, March 8,
1857, George W. Dyer. 5. Maria L.. 1841,
married, December 24, 1865, William Vance.
6. Leavitt. August 11, 1843, married, Decem-
ber 11, 1867, Ann Tirrell.

This cognomen has been made
BOOTH prominent by numerous distin-
guished citizens of Europe and
America. Among them are Sir Felix Booth,
a wealthy manufacturer; Barton Booth, the
actor ; Ballington Booth, of the Salvation
Army ; Charles Booth, the author ; Henry
Booth, Earl of Warrington ; and Junius Brutus
Booth, the tragedian — all Englishmen. In
America Edwin Booth, the tragedian, has made
the name a household word. In the revolu-
tionary war there were twenty-one enlistments
in Massachusetts and twenty-four in Connec-
ticut under this name, which is also spelled
Boothe. Booths. Both and Bouth.

(I) Robert Booth, of Exeter, 1645, moved
to Saco, Maine, in 1653, or earlier, and took

a prominent part in the affairs of that town.
He was representative from 1659 to 1670.
Ridlon in his "Saco Valley Settlements and
Families" says : "At this day the Court had
the control of ecclesiastical affairs, and when,
in 1(143, the town was found to be destitute of
a minister, the commissioners ordered while at
court in Wells, that Robert Booth, a citizen of
some education, 'have liberty to exercise his
gifts for the edification of the people.' Assist-
ed financially by an annual appropriation voted
by the town, and voluntary contributions, he
'held forth' as a preacher for some years.
Those he could not edify he probably morti-
fied." Robert Booth died in 1672, aged sixty-
eight. The probate of his will without date,
made four days before he died, was made
March 10, 1673, but the inventory was taken
October 26 preceding. Robert Booth was mar-
ried twice. The name of the first wife is not
known. His second wife, Deborah, survived
him. His children were: Mary, Ellen (or
Elinor), Simeon (Simon), Martha, Robert,
Mary, born September 30, 1627, married
Walter Penewell ; Ellen, born February, 1634,
married Nicholas Bully : Simeon is mentioned
below; Martha, born April 12, 1645, married
John Laighton Jr. ; Robert, born July 24, 1655.
(II) Simeon (Simon), the elder of the two
sons of Robert Booth, born May 10, 1641,
seems to have found life in Maine in the midst
of savages often at war with the whites too
strenuous for him, and he removed to Enfield,
Connecticut, where he became a man of wealth
and prominence. He is a party to many con-
veyances. December 7, 1693, Simon ( Simeon j
Booth, of Enfield, makes "a marriage deed" to
Widow Elizabeth Eleaser. of Hartford, Con-

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