William Richard Cutter.

Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the state of Massachusetts; (Volume 3) online

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Major Timothy Dwight, of Northampton, son
of Colonel Timothy Dwight, and father of
President Dwight. of Yale. They held the
judicial office successively in the order in
which they are named. Captain Henry Dwight
was judge for five years, 1727-31. Captain
Henry Dwight married, August 27, 1702,
Lydia Hawley, born July 7, 1680, died April
2j. 1748, daughter of Captain Joseph and
Lydia ( Marshall ) Hawley, of Northampton.
Their children were : Joseph, Seth, Dorothy,
Lydia. Anna (died young), Josiah, Edmund,
Simeon, Elisha and Anna.

(IV) Colonel Josiah, son of Captain Henry
and Lydia (Hawley) Dwight, was born Octo-
ber 23, 1715, died September 28, 1768. He
had the best educational advantages, graduat-
ing from Yale in 1736, and was counted a rich
man in his time. He owned five thousand
acres of land, and was an enterprising, ener-
getic, prosperous man, of high respectability
and influence. His property was inventoried
at his death as follows: Total of lands, goods,
etc., £3,692; good notes, £3.529; mortgages,
£1,047; doubtful debts, £1,127; desperate
debts. £613 ; total £9.458. He was a merchant,
was a manufacturer of potash, and had an
iron foundry. He was conspicuous as a civil
and military officer, and was justice of the
peace, lieutenant colonel of the militia, and
judge of the court of common pleas of Hamp-
shire county. He married (first) about 1750,
Sarah Pynchon, born August 14, 1721, daugh-
ter of Colonel William Pynchon. of Spring-
field, and Catherine Brewer, daughter of Rev.
Daniel Brewer, of Springfield. She died with-
out issue, August 4. 1755. He married (sec-
ond) October 17. 1757, Elizabeth Buckminster,
born in 1 73 1. died March 10, 1798. She was
a daughter of Colonel Buckminster, of Brook-
field. Their children were : Thomas, Sarah
(died young), Clarissa, Sarah and Josiah.

( V ) Hon. Thomas, son of Colonel Josiah
and Elizabeth (Buckminster) Dwight, was
born October 29, 1758. died January 2, 1819.
Like his father he was a college graduate,



MASSACH L'SETTS.



i.sSi



Harvard being his alma mater, 1778. He was
a lawyer at Springfield, a representative to the
general court, 1794-95, twice state senator,
1796-1803, and in 1813 a member of the exe-
cutive council, 1808-09, an d a member of con-
gress, 1803-05. He was a man of ample means,
of polished manners, and of most generous
hospitality. He was short and stout in figure,
and dignified in bearing. He married, April
14, 1 79 1 , Hannah Worthington, born June 17,
1761, died July 10, 1833, daughter of John
Worthington, of Springfield, and Hannah
Hopkins, daughter of Rev. Samuel Hopkins,
of West Springfield, and Esther Edwards,
sister of President Jonathan Edwards. It has
been said of Mrs. Dwight: "She was one of
nature's noble women ; she was also a great
wit, was very fine looking, and had superior
endowments of mind." The children of this
marriage were : Mary Stoddard, John Worth-
ington, and Elizabeth Buckminster, next men-
tioned.

(VI) Elizabeth Buckminster, youngest daugh-
ter of Colonel Thomas and Hannah (Worth-
ington) Dwight, was born February 18, 1801,
died October 7, 1855. She married, June 21,
1824, Charles Howard, of Springfield (see
Howard VI).

(The Eaton Line— For preceding generations see John Eaton i).

(VI) Elisha, son of David and Deborah
(White) Eaton, was born January 8, 1757, in
Tolland, Connecticut, and died in Cornwallis,
Nova Scotia, March 9, 1827. He was a farmer
and iived and died in the old home, which
with the farm has been owned and occupied
by his descendants ever since. In front of
the house is the river Canard, celebrated in
old times for the wild ducks which frequented
it. and Elisha is said to have shot partridges
from his bedroom window. In the rear, to
the northward of the old house is the river
Habitant, famous for its shad. Elisha Eaton
married. May 31, 1779, Irene Bliss, daughter
of Nathaniel and Eunice (Fish) Bliss. She
died June 2, 1826, in her sixty-sixth year. She
was a descendant in the sixth generation from
Thomas Bliss, who came from Belstone parish,
Devonshire, England, and of whom an acount
is given elsewhere in this work. (See Bliss).
The children of Elisha and Irene (Bliss)
Eaton were : Dan, Enoch, Elisha, William,
Lydia, George, David, John, Eunice and James.

(VII) Dan, eldest child of Elisha and Irene
(Bliss) Eaton, was born in Cornwallis. Nova
Scotia, March 2, 1780, died in Perry, Maine.
September 2. 1864. In 1818 he built a vessel



at Scots' Bay, Nova Scotia, and called her
"The Martha," after his first wife. He re-
moved from Nova Scotia to Maine in 1825,
his family with the exception of his youngest
daughter, Sarah, having been born in Nova
Scotia. He was a merchant in both Nova
Scotia and Maine. His son William Went-
worth wrote of him : "He was always a cheer-
ful, healthy, vigorous man. I never knew his
seat at table vacant from indisposition. He
was always a kind father, friend and neighbor,
and thought so much of his children that he
never saw any of their faults." He married
Martha Knowles, of Newport, Hants county,
who died January 10, 1806. He married
(second) in the same year, Margaret Buhner,
of Amherst, Nova Scotia, born December 23,
1787, daughter of William and (For-
rest) Bulmer, of Amherst, who died June,
1865. The only child by wife Martha was
Henry Knowles. The children of Margaret
were : Martha, George, William Wentworth,
Mary Ann, Irene Deborah, Clarissa Margaret,
Daniel Lewis, and Sarah, next mentioned.

(VIII) Sarah, youngest child of Dan and
Margaret (Bulmer) Eaton, was born in Perry,
Maine, September 26, 1830, married, June 8,
1854. Rev. Thomas D. Howard, a Unitarian
clergyman. (See Howard VII). Mrs. How-
ard is spoken of in the "Genealogical Sketch of
the Nova Scotia Eatons, compiled by Rev.
Arthur Wentworth Eaton," as "an accomp-
lished and delightful woman." She died at
Charlestown, New Hampshire, November 13,
1898, and was buried in its beautiful ceme-
tery, where will be the grave of her husband.



(For preceding generations see William Clark i).

( III ) Ebenezer, son of John
CLARK* Clark, was born October 18,

1682, at Northampton, died
February 2-]. 1781. He married, December
10. 1712, Abigail Parsons, born January 1,
1690, died August 17, 1763, daughter of
Joseph and Elizabeth (Strong) Parsons, of
Northampton. Children: 1. Ebenezer, born
August 16, 1714, married Jerusha Russell. 2.
Ezra, April 4, 1716. 3. Abigail, November 29,
1718, married John Baker Jr. 4. William,
January 3, 1 721, married Sarah King. 5.
Sarah, April 23, 1723, married Zadoc Lyman;
(second) John Wright. 6. Jedediah, March
25, 1726, mentioned below. 7. Israel, March
15, 1729. 8. Elihu, September 30, 1731.

(IV) Jedediah, son of Ebenezer Clark, was
born in Northampton, March 25, 1726, died
August 9, 1800. He removed to Sunderland,



IBS-



MASSACHUSETTS.



Massachusetts, after 1755, and was a promi-
nent citizen of that town. He was deacon
of the church, and probably built the house
now or lately standing on lot 15, west side,
known as the Squire's House. He was deputy
to the general court in 1789. He married
(first) Sarah Russell, daughter of Daniel
Russell, of Sunderland. She died January 20,
T772, and he married (second) July 13, 1774,
Ruth Hawkes, of Deerfield, who died August
19, 181 1, aged seventy-nine, daughter of
Eleazer and Abigail (Sells) Hawkes. Chil-
dren: 1. Lucy, born October 24, 1750, mar-
ried, February 6, 1771, Daniel Russell. 2.
Jedediah, June 24, 1753. 3. Lemuel, March
24, 1755. 4- Justus, August 10, 1757. 5.
Sylvanus, May 19, 1760, mentioned below.
6. Sarah, February 19, 1763, married, Sep-
tember 23, 1781, David Montague. 7. Thomas,
March 7, 1766. 8. Esther, April 4, 1769, mar-
ried Elijah Rowe. 9. Lucius, baptized Jan-
uary 12, 1772, died young. 10. Abigail, born
January 2, 1776, married, April 29, 1796,
Quartus Smith.

(V) Sylvanus, son of Jedediah Clark, was
born May 19, 1760, died February 21, 1846.
He lived in the house which was burned in
1863, opposite the one later occupied by his
grandson, Henry M. Clark. He was in the
revolution in Captain Joseph Sparrow's com-
pany. Colonel David Wells' regiment, October
18, 1777, to reinforce the Army of the North.
He served also six months in the continental
army in 1780, described as five feet, seven
inches tall, complexion light, in Captain Mon-
tague's company, Colonel Williams' regiment,
and in Captain Porter's company. Colonel
Smith's regiment, in 1780; also in Captain
Enoch Chapin's company, Colonel Jacob Ger-
rish's regiment, detached from* Hampton
county militia to guard stores at Springfield
and Brookfield. He married Mary Graves,
who died February 27, 1846. aged eighty-one,
daughter of Moses Graves, of Leverett. Chil-
dren : 1. Jerusha, born September 14. 1786,
married, January 5. 1809, Martin N. Hubbard.
2. Salmon, October 19, 1788. mentioned
below. 3. Elihu. March 7, 1791. died May
25, 1792. 4. Eliphalet, August 31, 1793.

(VI) Salmon, son of Sylvanus Clark, was
horn October 19, 1788, died March 26. 1865.
He lived near his father on a farm in Sun-
derland. He married. September 17, 1817,
Susan Smith, who died at North Brookfield,
January 2, 1890, daughter of Jonathan Smith,
of Leverett. Children: 1. Marcia Ann, born
March 5, 1819, married, December 27, 1843,



Jason H. Woodbury. 2. Angeline Frances,
May 11, 1820, married, March 29, 1843,
Henry F. Sanderson. 3. Louisa Emilia, July
7, 1821, died January 8, 1895; married, April
7, 1847, Albert Hobart. 4. Nancy Smith
Comins, November 5, 1822, married, Septem-
ber 20, 1843, Edwin G. Field. 5. Darwin
Milton. September 24, 1824. 6. Julia An-
toinette, April 14, 1826, married, February 2j,
1857, James Hunt. 7. Norman Pomeroy,
December 12, 1827, mentioned below. 8.
Sarah Jerusha. October 13, 1829, married,
August 9, 1866, William S. Gould. 9. Reuel
Baxter, April 29, 1831. 10. Ellen Electa, Sep-
tember 19, 1833, married, March 26, 1863,
Elijah D. Knight. 11. Henry Martin, August

19. i835-

(\ 11) Norman Pomeroy, son of Salmon

Clark, was born in Sunderland, December 12,
1827, died December 23, 1882. He received
his education in the public schools and engaged
in farming. He was a member of the Congre-
gational church. He married, September 23,
1852, Cerintha F. Clark, daughter of Francis
Clark. Children: 1. Frank Lester, born
October 25, 1858, died March 18, 1861. 2.
Frederick Forrest, August 27, 1863, died Sep-
tember 2, 1863. 3. Frederick L., November
12, 1864, farmer. 4. Charles Francis, Jan-
uary 24, 1868, mentioned below.

(VIII) Charles Francis, son of Norman
Pomeroy Clark, was born in Sunderland, Jan-
uary 24. 1868. He was educated in the public
schools of his native town. From boyhood he
worked at farming. From fourteen to seven-
teen years of age he worked out for farmers
in his native town and at seventeen bought a
small farm and began operations on his own
account. He had a natural aptitude for busi-
ness and made his farming pay from the first.
He enlarged his operations and bought more
land from time to time. He made a specialty
of market gardening, and of tobacco, and de-
voted some attention to lumbering. Since
1906 he has been engaged largely in the whole-
sale produce business in Boston. In 1906 he
organized the Produce National Bank of
Deerfield, of which he has been president from
the first. He Is a member of the Bay State
Bag Company of Boston. He is a prominent
member of the Congregational church of
Sunderland and was formerly a member of
the prudential committee. He is a member of
Pacific Lodge of Free Masons, of Sunderland
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, in which he is
a member of the executive committee. He has
been town assessor since 1904. He married,



MASSACHUSETTS.



1583



October 22, 1890, Edna M. Ingram, born
August 26, 1869, daughter of Edward F. and
Mary L. (Adams) Ingram. Children, born at
Sunderland: 1. Ruth Isabel, July 12, 1891.
2. Florence Edna, November 8, 1893. 3.
Clarence F., June 7, 1901.



Numerous pioneers by the name
CLARK of Clark or Clarke came to New

England during the first years
of settlement. The name has been common in
all parts of England for many centuries. The
tollowing coat-of-arms is known to have been
used by descendants of Hugh Clark: Gules,
three swords erect argent, hilts or. Crest, a
lion rampant or.

(I) Hugh Clark, immigrant ancestor of
this branch of the family, was born about 1613,
according to his own testimony. He settled
in Watertown and was called husbandman.
He was admitted freeman. May 30, 1660, and
became a member of the Artillery Company
in 1666. About 1660 he removed to Roxbury,
where he died July 20, 1693. He married in
England Elizabeth , who died Decem-
ber 11, 1692. Children: 1. John, born Octo-
ber 13, 1641, mentioned below. 2. Uriah,
June 5. 1644. 3. Elizabeth. January 31. 1648.

(II) John, son of Hugh Clark, was born
October 13, 1641, and died in Newton in 1695.
He received from his father in 1681 sixty-
seven acres of land in Newton, then called
New Cambridge, and moved there from Rox-
bury the same year. This land was situated
in Newton Centre, near the present Lyman
street. He had a dispute over the ownership
of certain land with Joseph Bartlett, and as
early as 1673 Bartlett attempted to put up a
house on this land, which was pulled down by
Clark. For this he was sued and obliged to
pay a fine. It has since been proved that Clark
really owned the land in question. About 1688
he built at the Upper Falls a saw mill, being
the first erected on the Charles river within
the limits of Newton. His will was dated
January 3, 1694-95. He married (first) Abi-
gail , who died January 2, 1682. He

married (second) December 18, 1684, Eliza-
beth Norman, of Boston. Children: 1. John,
born 1680, mentioned below. 2. William, June
20, 1686. 3. Ann. May 18. 1688, married,
April 24, 1712, John Billings, of Concord. 4.
Martha, January 11, 1690, died unmarried.
5. Esther, March 1. 1692. 6. Hannah, April
20, 1693, died same day. 7. Moses, July 19,
1695, died young.

(III) John (2), son of John (1) Clark,



was born in 1680 and died in Newton, June
22, 1730. He married, April 16, 1697, Anna
Bird, of Dorchester. He lived in Newton and
was selectman in 1722. His widow died in
1748. Children: 1. Mary, born January 9.
1698, married. November 12, 1730, John Ball
3rd: died July 5, 1738. 2. John, September
22, 1700. 3. Ann, January 12, 1702, died
October 1, 1742 ; married, June 24, 1736,
Ebenezer Bartlett. 4. Thomas, May 29, 1704.

5. Isaac, October 19, 1707, mentioned below.

6. Atherton, April 16, 171 1.

(IV) Isaac, son of John (2) Clark, was
born in Newton, October 19, 1707, died in
Hopkinton, 1783. He resided in Framing-
ham and Hopkinton. He married, August 7,

1729, Experience Wilson, of Newton, daugh-
ter of Samuel and Experience (Trowbridge)
Wilson. Children: I. John, born July 21,

1730. mentioned below. 2. Abigail, 1732,
married. 1 751, George Stimson and removed
to New York. 3. Ann, 1735, married Benja-
min Carroll, of Chester, Vermont. 4. Eph-
raim, June 11, 1738. 5. Isaac, November 20,
1740. 6. Samuel, May 20, 1743. 7. Stephen,
1745, served in the French war. 8. Lemuel,
1750, fell in the battle of White Plains, Octo-
ber 28, 1776. 9. William, December 2, 1753.
10. Avis, 1756, died April 3, 1805, unmarried.

( V ) Captain John (3), son of Isaac Clark,
was born July 21, 1730, died in Chester, Ver-
mont. He removed to Hubbardston and was
for many years a leading citizen of the town.
He was captain of the militia and held at vari-
ous times nearly all the offices of the town.
In 1774 he was a delegate to the first pro-
vincial congress of Massachusetts, and during
the revolution he furnished by contract large
supplies of beef for the army. He married,
June 7, 1750, Elizabeth Norcross, daughter of
Joseph and Hannah (Shepherd) Norcross.
Children: 1. John, born 175 r , mentioned
below. 2. William, April, 1753. 3. Moses,
1755. 4. Elizabeth, 1758, married, November
9, 1777, Oliver Fairbanks. 5. Isaac, 1760. 6.
Samuel. 1763, married. November 9, 1786,
Persis Hinds. 7. Experience, 1765, married
Nathan Holden. 8. Joseph, April 22, 1767.
9. Ezra, May 1, 1768. 10. Susanna, 1770,
married. May 29. 1788, Captain William
Nightingale.

(VI) John (4), son of Captain John (3)
Clark, was born in 1751 and settled in Hub-
bardston. He married Jerusha Andrews, of
Hopkinton. Children: 1. Luther, born March
18, 1771, mentioned below. 2. Martha. April
9, 1772, married, September i(S, 1790, Aaron



1584



MASSACHUSETTS.



Rice Clark ; died July 22, 181 1. 3. Anna, July
ig, 1773. married John Morse. 4. John, De-
cember 29, 1774. 5. Oliver, June 3. 1776. 6.
Hannah, December 27,, i/7~, married Moses
Rice; died April 4, 1808. 7. William, Novem-
ber 18, 1779, died May 15, 1780. 8. Betsey,
November 18, 1 781 . married James Smith;
died June 30, 1809. 9. William Andrews, Oc-
tober 2, 1783, drowned about 1820; married
Louisa Jennings. 10. Jerusha, February 27,
1785, married, February 26, 1809, Luther
Gates. II. Calvin. January I, 1787, married,
1808, Nancy Norcross. 12. Edmund, August
13, 1790, married, 1810, Patty Kelley. 13.
Mary, November 9, 1792, married, 1813, Tyler
Grimes.

(VII) Luther, son of John (4) Clark, was
born in Hubbardston, March 18, 1771, died
there May 3, 1856. He married, November 9.
1 791, Sarah Walker, of Royalston, who died
October 17, 1855. Children: 1. Luther Reed,
born March 19, 1793. 2. Pamelia, July 24,
1794. married, April 29, 1823, Willard John-
son. 3. William, April 16, 1796, died young.

4. Ira. January 28. 1799, mentioned below.

5. William Andrews, July I, 1801. 6. Sarah,
May 13, 1803, married, March 10, 1833, Gil-
man Powers. 7. Adolphus, May 3, 1805. 8.
Arethusa, June 15, 1807, died young. 9.
Anson, December 2, 1809.

( VIII) Ira, son of Luther Clark, was born
in Hubbardston, January 28, 1799, died in
Grafton, July 8, 1845. He lived in Leomin-
ster, Rutland, Ware, and finally in Grafton.
He married, in December, 1826, Rebecca
Wood, daughter of Nathaniel Wood, of Hard-
wick. She married (second) Ethan Hem-
mingway. Children: 1. Lois, born October
19. 1827, married Simeon G. Pomeroy and re-
sided at Templeton. 2. Rebecca, June 12,
1830. .married Augustus Marvin Graves; died
November 19, 1853. 3. Calista, August 10.
1832, died March 19, 1908; married, July 16,
1853, Brooks C. Bixby and resided at Tem-
pleton. 4. Andrew Jackson. October 9, 1835,
mentioned below. 5. Abby Elizabeth, August
12, 1842, married Lafayette Williams and died
August 19, 1865.

(IN) Andrew Jackson, son of Ira Clark,
was born in Rutland. Massachusetts, October
0. 1S35, died October 14, 1882. His education
was meagre ; he attended a few terms of the
district school. His parents were poor and
when they removed to Ware, Massachusetts,
in 1842. he went to work in the cotton mill of
the Otis Company, and from that time was
self-supporting and independent. Three years



later the mill was destroyed by fire and the
Clark family removed to Grafton, Massa-
chusetts, living in the mill village called New
England Village. In the July following the
father died. At the age of ten years, Andrew J.
became an employee in the cotton mill of Smith
& Pratt and continued there until 1849 when
with his mother and sisters he removed to the
adjacent village of Bramanville in the town
of Millbury. After working there for two
years in the cotton mill, he removed with the
family to Hubbardston. where he worked in
a chair factory until 1853. From 1853 to 1857
he was employed in a chair factory in East
Templeton in the same county. He then en-
gaged in the manufacture of children's car-
riages on his own account at Orange., an
adjacent town. He admitted to partnership
in the business Mr. J. Lord in 1858; in i860
Mr. Clark sold his interests in the firm and
opened a store in the Carpenter Block, Orange,
and carried on a flourishing business in flour
and grain. He sold out in 1863 to begin the
manufacture of sewing machines in partner-
ship with W P. Barker, under the firm name
of Clark & Barker. The business was estab-
lished in the small building now occupied by
the Chase Turbine Water-Wheel Company.
With two machinists the firm began the mak-
ing of a low-price, single thread sewing
machine, known as the New England sewing
machine. The business grew rapidly and in
1865, when Mr. Clark bought the interests of
Mr. Barker, the firm was employing forty
men. From 1865 to 1867 Mr. Clark was alone
in business. Then the firm became Johnson,
Clark & Company for two years, incorporating
the business in 1869 as the Gold Medal Sew-
ing Machine Company with Andrew J. Clark
as president. Later this corporation's name
was changed to the New Home Sewing
Machine Company, Mr. Clark continuing
president of the company as long as he lived.
The business grew to very large proportions
and the machine manufactured here is known
all over the world. The New Home sewing
machine for more than a generation has been
one of the popular machines in American
households. Mr. Clark displayed great busi-
ness acumen and foresight in his methods.
He mastered the art of advertising: and cre-
ating a demand for his machine as well as the
technical details of construction and work-
manship. Mr. Clark was prominent in public
life; in 1864 and 1867 he was representative
to the general court from his district ; served
on various important committees and wielded



MASSACHUSETTS.



a large influence in the legislature ; was chair-
man of the board of selectmen of the town of
Orange in 1865 : was state senator in 1870-72-73
and became one of the best known legislators
on Beacon Hill. In politics he was a Repub-
lican. He became a member of Orange Lodge
of Free Masons in i860 and was worshipful
master from 1863 to 1868; he was district
deputy grand master of the Eighth Masonic
District from 1868 to 1 87 1. For many years
he was director of the Orange National Bank
and at the time of his death was vice-president
and member of the financial committee. He
was president of the Orange Savings Bank.
In religion he was a Universalist. Mr. Clark
married, November 24, 1855, Abby Betsey
Lesure, born January 10. 1835, daughter of
Cummings and Abigail ( Jones ) Lesure, of
Warwick, Massachusetts, of French ancestry.
Children, born at Orange: 1. Linnette Abby,
born May 4, 1 86 1 , married, October 6, 1881,
Samuel Carl Jameson ; children : Ralph
Waldo, born June 14, 1886, and Florence
Linnette. born June 25, 1889. 2. Etta Jose-
phine, born October 8. 1863, died March 24,
1900: married, November 15, 1888, John At-
wood, of Boston. 3. Gertrude Lesure, born
January 26, 1869, married, February 2, 1887,
Harry A. Weymouth : child, Clark, born June
2 3> 1 9°3- 4- Charles Andrew, born May 13,
1872, died June 14, 1872. 5. Florence C,
born March 18, 1876, married. June 10, 1902,
Arlan M. Spencer.



(For first generation see Thomas Sawyer i).

(IT) Thomas (2) Sawyer,
SAWYER son of Thomas (1) Sawyer,
was born in Lancaster, Massa-
chusetts, July 2, 1649, the first white child
born there. His capture by the Indians forms
one of the most familiar stories of the colonial
period in Massachusetts. He was a man of
fifty-five when the event took place, and was
living in the garrison. Queen Anne's war
was making the lives of the colonists unsafe,
especially on the frontier. Indians made fre-
quent attacks and massacred men, women and
children. On October 16, 1695, Thomas
Sawyer Jr., his son Elias, and John Bigelow,
of Marlborough, were at work in his saw
mill, when they were surprised and captured
by the Indians. The Indians took their cap-
tives to Canada and turned Bigelow and young
Sawyer over to the French to ransom. They
kept Thomas Sawyer to put to death by tor-
ture. Sawyer proposed to the French gov-
ernor that he should build a saw mill on the



Chamblay river, in consideration of saving his
life from the Indians, and giving the three
captives their freedom. The French needed
the mill, and were glad of the opportunity.
But the Indians had to be reckoned with.
They insisted on burning Thomas Sawyer at
the stake. They knew him and knew he was
a brave man, not afraid of torture and death.
The crafty French governor defeated their
purpose by a resort to the church. When
Sawyer was tied to the stake, a French friar
appeared with a key in his hand, and so terri-
ble difl he paint the tortures of purgatory, the
key of which he told them he held in his hand
ready to unlock, that they gave up their victim.
Indians fear the unseen more than the real



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