William S. (William Smith) Pelletreau.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) online

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conspicuous in all the early \■ie^vs of the city. It was seventv


feet long', fifty-two feet wide, and sixteen feet high, with a
peaked roof. ( )n the sonth end was a higli tower, and in it hnng
a hell, on which was cast the Latin inscription, "Duleior E.
Nostris tinuitihns resonat aer. P. 1 lemony me fecit, 1(374."
(The air resonnds sweeter from cmr ringing. P. Heniony made
me.) It was called The C'hnrch in the Fort, Imt was officially
St. Nicholas clmrch. In front was a stone tahlet with the in-
scri]ition :

"an. DOM MUeXLll



(A. I). Ki-I-L*. W. Kieft, lieing Director General, has eansed
the congregation to Imild this temple.)

This chnrch is plainly visihle in. a drawing made hy Laurens
Hermans Block, as seen from the ship Lydia in 1650. A much
plainer view is given in a drawing accompanying the manuscript
Journal of the Lahadists (which is elsewhere mentioned), and
made in KIT!'.

In a vault under this church Lord Bellemont, one of the
royal go\'ernors, was huried, and the wife of Governor Hunter.

In 1()87 this chni-ch had hecome too snuiU for the increasing
numher of the worshipers, and a lot ^^'as purchased on the north
side of what in ancient I hitch times was called Tuyn
Straat, or (iarden street, and now Exchange Place,
east of Broad street. This lot was hounded on the
north hy tlu^ orchard of the widow of Dominie
Drissius, who had owned a large tract of what in old times
was the "Sheej) Pasture," on hotli sides of Broad street. The
new structure was huilt of hrick, with a steejile and a large
s(p.iare foundation, and over the vestihule was a room for meet-
ings of the consistory. It is claimed to have heen the finest
chnrch e:lifice in the (Mtlonies, and was dedicated in IGOo. The



windows were l()iii>- and narrow, and fitted with small panes of
glass set in lead, on wliit'li were the eoats-of-anns of the principal
l)arishioners. The hell, pnlpit and furnitnre of the old chnrcli

First Dutch Church in Garden Street.

were transferred here, and many escutcheons of leading- fam-
ilies himg against the walls. The peo]ile contributed silverware
and money, which was se?!t to Amsterdam and made into a com-
munion set and a large baptismal basin. The first church oriiau


in Xew York •mounded within these walls, for in 17l2() Cxovernor
Burnet brought one over and ])resented it to the eonsistory.

Tlie friendly connection and relations with Engiisli congre-
gations is shown l)v the fact tliat L'ev. AVilliam Vesey, the first
I'ector of Trinity cluirch, was inducted into that office in this
Iniilding, that church not being yet completed, and, at the recjuest
of the English governor, two ministers from the Dutcli church
assisted at the service. It was in the churchyard adjoining that
the famous but ill fated Jacob T^eisler was buried, when his re-
mains were removed from their original burying place where
they were laid after his execution. Tn 1766 the church was en-
larged and re])aired. Tn 1807 it was taken down, and a more
connnodious edifice erected on its site, and remained till its de-
struction in the great fire of 1835. The congregation then di-
vided into two ))arts. One built a church on ^NFurray street,
where they Avorshi]ied for many years, and then built a new
edifice on the southwest corner of Fiftli avenue and Twenty-first
street. Some years later they removed to a new building on
the southeast corner of Thirty-fourth street and Park avenue,
where they still remain, and retain the name of tlie "Old South
C^hureh." The other ]iart built a church on the soutli corner
of AVasliington Place and Washington Square. This was after-
wards sold to the Asbury Methodist Ejiiscopal church. The old
congregation became scattered, and no longer exists.

Tn 1729 the consistory ])nrc]iased a large lot on the east side
of Nassau street, including the entire front between Tjiliertv and
Cedar streets, or as they were then cal'ed. Crown and Little
Queen streets. This naturally became known as the "New
Dutch Chui'ch." and lemained till recent years.

In the early days all church services were conducted in the
Dutch language, luit a new generation had sjirnng up, to wliom
English was a mother tongue. Tn response to the request of a

Vol. 1—6

J^ t/ie jlo/ioural}lt





Euiirjved bv W. Qo



large number of those who worshiped in this place, the use of
the latter language was introduced. The first sermon in English
was pi'eached in April, 1764, by Rev. Dr. Laidlee.

During the Hevolution the British trooi)S used this sacred
edifice as a prison, and also as a riding school. The entire in-
terior was destroyed, leaving only the bare walls. After the
Revolution it was restored and refurnished and services were
resumed, and it was kept in constant use until 1844, a ])eriod of

Second Dutch Church in Garden Street.

one hundred and fifteen years. From 1845 to 1875 it was oc-
cupied as a i)ostoffice. On the corner of Nassau and Cedar

streets is a l)ronze tablet bearing the inscription:

iikrf: stood the middle dutch church erected 17:29,

made a milftary prison 1776.

restored 17!*()

occurrED bv u. s. p. o. 1845-75.


In 17()9 another church was built, on the northwest corner


of Fnlton and William streets. Tliis was tlie first one erected
exclusively for English services. It was first opened for wor-
slii]> on Tlmrsday, ^fay 25, 1769. At that time New York was
empliatically an FiUglish city, and the use of the Dutch language
was the exception ratlier than the rule. This church remained
until 1875, when it was taken down. Prom the time of its build-
ing it took the name of the "North Dutch Church," while the
one on Nassau street became known as the "Middle Dutch
Church." The first stone of the new church was laid July 2,
17')7, by ^Ir. Jacobus Eoosevelt, the senior elder. The walls
were ready to receive the roof June 17, 1768. During the Revo-
lution the Briti.sh also took possession of this church, removed
the furniture, and turned the place into a hospital and prison.
It is said that the pulpit was taken to England and was used
there in a parish church. After the war the building was re-
stored and opened for worshij). In this church the Pulton street
prayer meeting, which has a world wide reputation, was first

In 1889 a fourth church was Iniilt on the northwest corner
of Lafayette Place and Pourth street. At that time this was
considered very far l^^ town. It was built of granite, and in
front had eight beautiful Ionic columns, each a uKuiolith. In
form it resembled the Temple of Erectheus, at Athens. There
was a beautiful pulpit of statuary marble. In 1887 it was taken
down. It was proposed to remove the beautiful columns and
erect them in C'entral Park, but the ])roject failed, and they
were thrown down and broken in pieces to facilitate their re-
moval. In the place of this a new church was built on Second
avenue and Seventh street. This still stands, and is the only
instance in which a church has 1)een moved "down town."

The beautiful ]\larl)le Church on the northwest corner of
Piftli avenue and Twenty-ninth street was opened for worship

North Dutch Church.



ill 1854. In tlie court yard stands the Ijell wliieli was cast in
Amstei'dani in 1795 for the old North church on Fulton street.

The church at the corner of Fifth avenue and Forty-eighth
street, was dedicated in 1872. In the tower hangs tlie old his-
toric hell, cast in Amsterdam in 1731, and presented to the
church hy ( Vjlonel .\l)raliani De Peyster, and hung for many
years in the tower of the old ^[iddle Dutch church on Nassau
street. At the time of the Txevolution it was taken down and
secreted, l)ut was replaced after the evi'cuatioii.

The new ^Middle Dutch church on Second avenue near
Seventh street, mav be truly called a ^lemorial church. The
large rose window is in memory of a long line of deceased min-
isters. Three beautiful mural taoiets ]3erpetuate the memory
of the foundei's of the church in this city. The persons thus
memorialized, are Peter Minuit. the director general; Sebastian
Jansen Krol, and Jan PTuyck — the first church officers in 1()2G,
and Jonas ^lichaelius, the first minister, in 1(528.

The prosperity of the Dutch church in financial affairs is
based upon a rich gift made in early times. A tract of land
called the Shoemaker Pasture was owned l)y five i)ersons, one
of whom was Jan Har])endinck. This tract was bounded west


by Broadway, north l\v the rear line of the lots on the north
side of Fnlton street, east by a line one hnndred feet east of
AVilliam street, and south by Maiden Lane. In 1723 Jan Har-
pendinck left his share to the Dutch church, which still retains
a large jiortion of it which is of a constantly increasing value.
Among the relics i)reserved in the church at Second avenue and
Seventh sti-eet. are the coat-of-arnis of Jan Harpendinck. This
hung for many years above the ])ulpit in the old North church,
whicli stood on a part of the land bequeathed by him. We may
add here as an historical fact, that the tii-st Jewish synagogue
in New York was in a house on ^Fill street (now South AVilliam
street), owned by Jan Harpendinck. in 1(599.

Among- the early ministers of the Dutch church, the most
famous was the Reverend Everardus Bogardus, who came over
from Holland in 1633 with Walter Von Twiller, who succeeded
Peter Minuit as director general. He was a man of education
and intellect as well as one of a very determined and inde-
pendent character. As he held his trust directly from the di-
rectors of the West India Company, he was not dependent upon
the good graces of the governor, and when he dilfered with him,
did not hesitate to express his o]nnions oi»enly and vigorously.
He does not seem to have lieen adverse to good fellowship and
good cheer. Director Von Twiller 's inca]iacity was a matter of
general comment, and the dominie was not inclined to refrain
from speaking his mind. He is once stated to have sent Von
Twiller a message, denouncing him as "a child of the devil,"
and threatened him with such a shake from the pulpit on the
following Sunday as "would make them both shudder." What
effect it had upon the former individual, we have no means of
knowing, but it had very little effect ui)on the latter, and the
ffuarrel continued. He was e(|ually bold in o])])osing Director
William l\ieft. who succeeded Von Twiller, and freely exin'essed

Dutch Church, Second Avenue, Near Seventh Street.



himself against the abuses of the government, and his eovetous-
ness and many excesses, and esi)eeially for bringing on the ter-
ril)le Indian war wbicli nearly extingnishcd the settlement. In
retnrn, the directdr charged the dominie with drnnkenness and
v:ith dislionoring the inil])it by his passionate behavior, and
stated tli'it his ^-eiinon.s were nothing l)nt the "rattling of old
wives' stories drawn ont fi'cnn a distaff," and that he was a

Dutch Church, Lafayette Place.

seditions man wlio strove to excite the people against him as
governor. The dominie loudly denonnced him from the i^nlpit,
and the governor in revenge caused drums to be beat, and even
cannon to l)e discharged, and he also encouraged the soldiers
to indulge in noisy amusements during the time of service.

One of the most important events in the life of Dominie
Bogardus was his marriage to the famous Annetje (or Anneke)
Jans, the widow of Koeloff Janscii, who had been one of the su-


l)evintendents of the great ^Vfanor of Rensselaerwyek. In IGoG
Roelotf Jansen ol)tained a "ground brief," or grant of a bow-
ery, or farm, which in later years was destined to become a bone
of contention between the heirs of Anneke Jans and Trinity
cluircli. Koeloff died in 1().'>S. leaving tive chiklren, and within



Elders deacons

petermarschaur ysaac e.oseuelt

peter lott adrian" banckex

COB-N^BOGERT andre-w&arschalk



^ THE FIRST Stone "WAS LAID Iuly 2 \y6y Bt


The Wails euilt to receixje the roof iiine \y iJuZ

These pillars reared Iune 2| 17^8
The fikst^ngiishMinistek for the dttcch
congreoatioit the red archibald laidlie 17^4


Tobias VAN ZAND 1 'clerk; gaizl fecit


Tablet in North Dutch Church.

a year slie married the minister. The marriage contract still
exists, l)y which she settled one thonsand guilders of the estate
of her former husband ni)on his children, and they both agreed
to bring them u\) decently, i)r(>v!(le them with food and clothing,
keep them at school, and let them learn reading, writing and a
good trade. This contract was witnessed by Director Kieft, the


Councillor de la Montague, and Cornelius Von Tienlioven, tlie
most distinguished men in the colony.

The fate of Dominie Everardus IJogardus was melancholy.
In 1()47 he sailed for Holland in the ship "Princess," and with
him also sailed his old enemy, Director Kieft. The vessel ^Yas
wrecked on the coast of Wales, and all on board jierished. His
wife, Anneke Jans, survived him many years, and died in Albany
in l(^(io, and she was buried in the yard of the old Dutch church
in Hudson street in that city. She left in all eight children —
Jan, Jonas, William, Cornelius, Pieter, Sara, wife of Dr. Hans
Kierstede; Catrina, who married Johanes Pietersen Von
Brugh ; and Fytie. The house where she and her husband lived
in New York is now No. 23 Whitehall street, and a bronze tal)let
commemorates the fact.

The portrait of Rev. Everardus Bogardus, here presented,
is taken from an ancient painting on glass. In recent years it
was in yiossession of Mr. CMiristo))her Tap])en, of Brooklyn, one
of his descendants. Several photographs were made by Mr.
Abraham Bogardus, a celebi'ated artist. One of these was pre-
sented to the Reformed Dutch church in New York, and from
that the engraving was made. The following is the list of min-
isters down to 1812 :

Jonas ^lichaelius. . . .1628-1633 AVilhelmus Van Viewen-

Everardus Bogardus. 1633-1647 Imysen 1()71-1()82

Johannes Backarns. .1647-1()49 Henricus Selyns. ... 1682-1 701

Johannes ^legapolen- (hialterus Du Bois. . 1699-1751

sis 1649-1669 Henricus Boel 1713-1754

Samuel Drissius 1652-1673 Johannes Ritzema .. .1744-1784

Samuel Megapolen-.. Lambertus De Ronde. 1751-1 784

sis 1664-1668


Archibald Laidlie. . .17M4-1779 Gerardus Arense ...

John Henry Living-. Kuy})ers 1789-1833

ston 1770-1812 John Xeilson Abeel. .1795-1812

AVilliani Linn 1785-1805 John Sclmrinan 1809-1812

Coat of Arms of John Harpending.


The ancestry of this family, so famous in tlie history of
Xew York, can be traced hack to a very femote anti(|nity. Those
who take an interest in anticjuarian investigations have traced
its origin to the Province of Dauphine, now the department of
the Isere in the southeastern part of France; about six miles
from Grenolile the ruins of the Chateau Bayard, crowning a
hill which commands one of the noblest prospects in that roman-
tic region, marks what is regarded as the cradle of the race.
They were distinguished from the earliest times for courage
in war and fidelity to their sovereign. A Segiieur de Bayard,
then the head of the house, was slain at the battle of Poitiers
in the vain attempt to prevent the capture of King John the
Good by the English. His son fell in coml)at with the same
enemy at Aginconrt, and his grandson at ]\[ontlliery. The second
in descent from this last has furnished to posterity an illusti'ious
exa]n])]e of the ])erfect knight "without fear and without re-
])roach," the famous Chevalier Bayard, the Captain of Charles
VIII, Louis XII and Francis I, the latter of whom would re-
ceive tlie honor of knightlu^od from no hand but his. In 1505
he, single-handed, ke]it the bridge of the Garigiiano against
the Si^aniards, and saved the whole French ai'niy. In the wars
between Francis and the Enrporer C^harles V, he was the most
trusted French leader, and fell while conducting the retreat at
the passage of the Sesia, A])ril P>n, 1524. He left no heirs and
his rank and estates descended to the next of kin, but fame
will keej) his honored name in rememln-ance down to the latest



The family name Du Teirail was ni?rgefl in tlie territorial
name Bayard.

Nicholas Bayard, the ancestor of the Amei'ican family, was
descended from an uncle of the t'lievalit'r. wiio went to Lan-
guedoc, embraced the Protestan*^ faitli ami became a minister.




. />

Book Plate of Samuel Bayard.

Like thonsands of others he tied to England to escape Eoman
(•atholic {lersecution, was jjastor of Xorwich and was connected
with the chnrches of "The Olive." He was ])astor at Antwerp,
1591, and at Ziericksee, 15!)4-l(ii;), at which place he died in
1617. He married Blandina Conde. Their son. Lazare Bayard,
was also a minister and was assistant to his father at Zierick-
see in 1601. He was adopted hy the chnrches, and was sent


to Leyden for his education. He belonged to the chnrch of
"The Olive," and visited several churches. He was at Breda
during the siege, 1607, was at Amsterdam in 1632, returned to
Breda in 1637, and died there in 1643. He married Judith De
Vos, at Ziericksee, and had children: Judith, baptized Xo-
vember 16, 1608; and Samuel, baptized at Breda, September,
1609. Judith married Peter Stuyvesant, at Amsterdam in
1646. Samuel married Anna, sister of Peter Stuyvesant, and
had three sons: Belthazar, Petrus and Nicholas, born 1644,
who came with their widowed mother and her brother-in-hiw.
Governor Peter Stuyvesant, to New Amsterdam, May 11, 1647,
and from these all of the name in this country are descended.

Balthazar Bayard married Maritje Lockermans. His will,
dated ^farch 4, 1699, mentions his wife Maria and children.
Ariantie ver Planck; Anna Maria, wife of Augustus Jay;
Jacobus, Gouvert and Judy. This will was ]iroved Feliruary 19,

Petrus Bayard became a convert to the doctrines of the
Labadists, of whom an account may be found in another portion
of this work. He went to Maryland and was ]n-ominent in the
Labadist eomnranity. His descendants are famous, and among
these may be mentioned Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, United States
senator from Delaware, 1869-1880. Petrus Bayard in his old
age withdrew from the community and returned to New York,
where he died in 1699. His wife, Blandina (Kierstede) Bayard,
was a noted woman, and understood the Indian language so
well that she was frecpiently employed as interpreter. Her
residence was on the north side of what is now Exchange ])lace.
New York, a little east of Broadway. She died in 1711, and
her will mentions her three children, Samuel, Sarah, married
Al)raham Gaasbeack Chambers; and Petrus. Her son Petrus
died before his mother, about 1710. He married Rachel Van

Vol. 1—7


Boel, and left a son Petrns (;>). From Samnel Bayard, Wve
oldest brother, are descended the Bayards of Delawai'e.

Petrns Bayard (8) was a merchant in Essex connty. New
Jersey, and died thei-e in 17-I-."). His mother, Rachel Bayard,
had married Henry Wileman. He left no children, bnt men-
tions his wife Eve, and his ste])-brothers and sisters: Sanniel.
John, Helena, wife of John Dn Bois; and Elizalieth, all children
of Henry ^^'ileman.

Nicholas liayard. brother of Balthazar, married Jndith
Verlet, May 1^:5, l(i(i(i. The will of Nicholas Bayard, dated :\lay
0, 1707, and ])i'oved Ajn'il 19, 1711, s])eaks of him as ))eing- "in
indifferent good health." and leaves his estate to his son, Sanmcl
Bayard, and his wife Jndith.

Sanmel Bayard, l)ai)tized Sei)tember o, 1()69, married ]\[ar-
garet. dangiiter of Stephen ^''an Cortlandt, who gave to his
daughter and her husband a house and lot on the east side of
Broad street, next south of the house and lot given to his daugh-
ter who married Stephen De Lancey, better known in later
years as the famous Fraunces Tavern. In his will, proved
January 80, 174(i he leaves to his son, Stephen P)ayard, "tho:
house and lot where he now liN'es," "bounded north by Duck
street, west by Abraham De Peyster, east by the lunise and lot
of Andries Teller, and south by the dock and wharf." This is
now No. 80 Pearl street. To the children of his deceased
daughter, Judith., avIio married Richard Van Dam, he left "a
lionse and lot, bimnded north l)y Duke street, and east by Burgers
Path," now the southeast corner of Stone street and Hanover
s(|uare. To his daughter Gertrude, who married Peter Kem-
ble. he left pi-oi)erty in New Brunswick, New Jersey. He left
to his son Nicholas bis house and lot on Broad street. To his
oldest son Samuel lie left "my house and lot where I now live;
extending from Duke street to Princess street." This was a

Nicholas Baj-ard.


large lot on the north side of Stone street, east of the narrow
lane called "Jews Alley," and extending to Beaver street.
South William street was extended through this lot in 1826. He
also left him "a garden on the north side of Princess street."
To his daughter Margaret, who married James Van Home, he
left "two houses and lots, extending from Dock street to Duke

street, bought of Jacobus De Kay." This is now No.

Pearl street. He left to his daughter, Anna Bayard, two houses
and lots on the north side of Wall street.

The son, 8te])hen Bayard, lived in Bergen county, New
Jersey, and died there, in 1757. In his will he directs "my Bod}'
to be privati?ly interred, and none but my relations to be in-
vited, and none more remote than Cousins German." He left
children, William, Margaret and Robert. To his son William he
left his farm at Hoboken, and to Eol)ert he left his "farm at
Weehawken with the ferry."

Samuel Bayard, the eldest son, married Catharine Van
Home. He died in 1784. His will states that ''whereas )uy
son Peter hath behaved himself in a very undutiful and disor-
derly manner, I be(|ueath to him 5 shillings in full of all claims."
He left to his wife the use of his estate, and after her death to
the children of Sanuiel Breeze and wife, namely, Samuel B.,
and Susan B., and to the children of William ^lalcom and wife
Sarah, viz: Samuel B. and Catharine B.

Nicholas Bayard, son of Samuel and ^largaret Van Cort-
landt Bayard, married (first) Elizabeth Eynders, daughter of
Barent Rynders and Hester Leisler, his wife, daughter of the
famous but ill fated Jacob Leisler. By this marriage there
were three children: Hester, married John Van Cortlandt;
Judith, wife of Jeremiah Van Rensselaer; and Nicholas. He
married (second) ^largarita Van Beverhout, and had three chil-
dren: Elizabeth. Ann and Stephen. He left to his son Stephen


sixty lots on the Bayard farm. To each of his daugliters lie
left thirty lots, and the remainder to his son Xicholas, "inehid-
ing my dwelling lionsc and lot on the sonth side of AVall street
(now Xos. 37, 39, 41) and Itoth of my sngar houses, and a lot
on the north side of Wall street." ^Nlai'garita Bayard died in

Xicholas Bayard (called the alderman), the oldest son of
the a1>ove family, died in 1802. He married Catharine, daugh-
ter of Peter Van Brngh Livingston. He left all his estate to
C'ornelius C Roosevelt, and to his brother, Steidien X. Bayard,
of Schenectady, in trust for his daughters Mary, wife of
William Houstoun; Elizabeth, wife of John H. Mackintosh;
Margaret Sarah, wife of Gerard Rutgers; Catharine, wife of
Charles Johnson; and Anna Ijivingston, who afterwards mar-
ried Xicholas S. Bayard, in ISOO. and died in 1802. The great

Online LibraryWilliam S. (William Smith) PelletreauHistoric homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) → online text (page 6 of 26)