William S. (William Smith) Pelletreau.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) online

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square, ojiposite Detroit. The deed, with the marks of the
Indian vSachems, is still ])reserved, but as the grant was never
confirmed by the British government it failed to be of any
benefit to the purchaser or his descendants. After remaining
there some years he returned to Montreal, where he engaged
in business as an auctioneer, and remained until 1794, when he
return,ed to New York, and with his bi'other-in-law, John B.
r.,awrence, founded the firm of Scliiefl'elin l^- (*(nn]>any, which
still exists in well merited ]n'os])erity. On February 1, 1797,
he leased from William Walton the famous Walton mansion at
No. W'Hi Peai'l street. This was on.e of the finest houses in the


city, and the annual rent was "£400 New York Currency," or
$1,000. There was a clause in the lease which provides that
"if the said William should be married and desire the use of
the house" the lease should cease. This contingency evidently
occurred, for Mr. Schieffelin relinquished i)Ossession. He then
leased from the heirs of Dr. Gerard William Beeckman the
house on the up})er corner of Pearl street and Sloat Lane (now
Hanover street), and liere liis youngest child, Richard Law-
rence Schieffelin, was horn in 180L While living in this house
he had as a near neighbor the famous General Moreau, their
ecjual altility to converse in the French language being a bond
of union between them. ^h'. Schieffelin purchased for a coun-
try seat a large tract of land on the Hudson river and extend-
ing east to the old Post road. His house stood in the middle
of the l)lock, lietween what is now Amsterdam and Eleventh
avenues, and at 14ord and 142nd streets. The eastern part of tlie
tract he sold to General Alexander Hamilton, a name famous
in our nation's history, and ui)on it was erected the noted
Hamilton Grange, which still stands, an interesting relic of the
past. The negotiations for the sale and purchase, in the hand-
writing of Hamilton, are still ])reserved, and a foe simili^ is here
given. In 1801) Mr. Schieffelin, with his brothers-in-law, .lolin
B. Lawrence and Thomas Buckley, i)urchased several tracts
and laid out the village of Manhattanville. A ma]) was made,
but that was comi)letely superseded by the general map oi the
city. Of the oiiginal sti'eets only two (Lawrence and ^lan-
hattan streets) yet remain. Schieft'elin street, with the others.
have disappeared. To his country seat at 143d street. ^Ir.
Schieft'elin gave the name of "Rocca Hall." During the latter
part of his life he lived at Xo. 107 East Broadway, and he
died there April 19, 1835, leaving wh«t was then considered a
large fortune. His remains rest in a vault at St. ]\Iary's I'hurch.


which he founded in 1823, the church edifice, which is situated
on Lawrence street, liaving been erected in 1832.

His son, Henry Hamilton Schiet^elin, was a man who had
a knowledge of almost every science and art, and was also a
linguist of distinguished ability. He seems to have been one
who, if he had concentrated his abilities and mental power upon
one object, would have made his name famous. He graduated
from C'oluml)ia College in 1802, made an extended tour in Eu-
rop.e, and was present at the coronation of the Emi)eror Napo-
leon. He studied law, but soon abandoned the profession for
mercantile imrsuits. The i)lace of business of the firm, estab-
lished by his father and continued by him, was on John street,
opposite Cliff street, and the buildings yet remain. He died
about 1865. His youngest son, Eugene, died in August, 190(5.

Richard Lawrence Schieffelin, the youngest child of Jacob,
graduated from Columliia College in 1818, and at the time of
his deatli was the sole survivor of his class. He studied law
with his l)rother-in-law, Benjamin Ferris, who was a noted
lawyer in his time. They formed a partnerslii]i, from which
Mr. Schieffelin retired in 1843. In 1815 he was president of
the Board of Aldermen. He was esjieeially interested in the
state militia and held a commission as Brigadier-General. He
was connected with many organizations of a business and char-
itable nature. For many years he was Senior Wai"den of St.
Mary's Churcli, and was for sixty-six years a representative in
the Diocesan (\)nvention, and was one of the vestrymen of St.
Thomas Church. He possessed great literary ability, and was
a frecjuent contributor to newsjiapers upon the current cpies-
tions and topics of the day. His country seat was at what is
now 92nd street, on tlie Hudson river. This region was at that
time as much "countrv" as can be found now one hundred


]in]es from New York. His city residence was No. 18 East
22nd street, and lie died there November 21, 1889.

George Richard Schieffelin, only son of Richard Lawrence,
gradnated from CVilnmbia (V)llege in the class of 1855. He
studied law with Augustus Schell, a noted lawyer and i)oli-
tician, and at one time Collector of the Port of New York. He
remained in this office three years, and since then has been
engaged in legal practice on his own account. He is one of
the original members of the Society of Colonial Wars, and is
a member of the Society of War of 1812, Corres]ionding Secre-
tary of the New Y'ork Historical Society, ^lember of the Colo-
nial Order, Senior Warden of St. Mary's Church, and Presi-
dent of the Parochial Fund of the New Y'ork Diocese.

Mr. Schieffelin may be said to lie one of the founders of
the village of the "New Southampton," Long Island. In 18s;(>
he went there with William H. Schieffelin and Colonel Siebert,
having very little ])revious knowledge of the jilace now so popu-
lar. He was so favorably impressed with the locality that he
and his friends ])urchased land and erected large and elegant
mansions the same year. Mr. Schieffelin still makes this his
summer residence, and is one of the founders of the Village
Improvement Society, of which he has been ])resident, then a
vestryman of St. Andrew's Dune Church, ])resident of the
Southampton Club, and one of the best known as well as useful
memliers of the city colony.

To one of the members of this honored family a more than
passing notice should be given. Edward Lawrence Scliieffelin
was one of the most venturesome of men, and a most determined
explorer. He was one of the first com]'.any to ascend and ex-
plore the Y'ukon river, in Alaska. While in Arizona he started
on a i^rospecting journey in search of gold. The country was
swarming with hostile Indians, and his departure was accom-


pauied "with tlie t'oiiifurting assurance of his comrades lel't
behind, that he would "fiud his touibstoue, " hut notliing more.
His search, however, was rewarded i)y the discovery of the
richest mines in the country, to which, in recollection of the fate
jjredicted, he named "Tombstone," a name now famous. He
was a })erfect s})ecimen of physical manhood, six feet four inches
in height, and with long locks that tiowed upon his shoulders.
He died some years ago, but the fame of his discovery still

The Arms of the Schieffelin family are thus described :

Tierce per fess sable and or, on three piles, two conjoined
with one between transposed inveeted.

Counter charged as many cross crosslets of the tirst.

Crest, a holy lamb passant, crowned with a glory, bearing
cross staff and pennon proper.

Motto. Per tideni et constantiam.

Sanmel Bradhurst Schieft'elin, son of Henry Hamilton
Schieffelin, was born February 24, 1811. He married, in 1835,
Lucretia Hazzard. Their children were: William Henry, born
1835. Alice Holmes, born 1838, married, in 1858, Eussell Steb-
bins. ^lary Theresa Bradhurst, born 1840, married, 1863, Gen-
eral Charles Cleveland Dodge.

Sanmel Bradhurst Schieft'elin was the author of several
well known works: "Foundations of History," an illustrated
volume on the early history of the world, also "Alilk for Babes,"
and other catechisms and religious manuals.

William Henry Sehietfelin married, 1863, Mary, daughter
of Hon. John Jay, a representative of a most honored and
distinguished family. Their children are: Eleanor eJay, Will-
iam Jay, Samuel Bradhurst, John Jay and Geoffrey. The
three last died in early years.

AVilliam Jay Schiett'elin was born in 18()(), married, Feb-





ruary 5, 1891, Maria Louisa, daughter of Colonel Elliot F. and
Margaret (Vanderl)ilt) Shepard. Their children are: William
Jay, Jr., Margaret Louise, Mary Jay, John Jay, Louise Van-
uerl>ilt. Bayard, Elliott and Barbara.

Eleanor Jay Schiett'elin married Theodore Munger Taft
in 1903.

In 1794 New York City was not yet a place to boast of.
On all the east side, which was the most thickly settled portion,
there was but one store built of brick; this was on the corner
of Front street and Gouverneur Lane. The City Hotel in
Broadway was in i)rocess of erection on the spot where had
stood the mansion of James De Lancey, who had been lieutenant-
governor in Colonial days, and where the Boreel building stood,
which has t)een taken down recently. In the same year the
noble steeple was being added to St. Paul's Church, which had
been erected in 1765. South street did not then exist, and al-
most all the shipping lay at the docks on the East river between
the Battery and Peck Slip, for the North river front was con-
sidered too much exposed. The whole number of vessels tliat
cleared the port during that year was 2,389. There were fevr
houses north of Grand street.

In 1798 the yellow fever carried off 2,760 victims, and the
])opulation of the city was reduced to 15,300 persons. The place
of business of Jacob Schieffelin and his father-in-law, John
Lawrence, was at 195 Pearl street, nearly opposite the Fiy
market at the foot of Maiden Lane. Of the two ])artners Jacob
Schieffelin was the more prominent, for he had seen more of
the world. He engaged in the shipping business, and his first
venture in 1795 cleared him what was then a fortune of ^|;25,000.
Sul)setpient events, well known to history, made slii|)ping a
precarious Imsiness, and Mr. Schieffelin went on with the drug
business, in his own name, which has continued without inter-



ruption until the iiresent tinio, and it> centeiinial annivei'sary
was duly eeleln-ated in 1S94.

In 1800 the population of the city was about 60,000, and the
cost of city government was $130,000. Stages, the only means of
eonmiunit'ation, ran to Albany, Boston and Pliiladeli)liia. To
send a letter for any distance less than forty miles cost eight
cents, and for any distance over five hundred miles the postage
was twenty-five cents. In politics Jefferson and Aaron Burr
were the most ]ii-ominent. Five years later, the business having


1 HECo-P.

f^l) (Ly by mutual agre

arc indcbied to the concera, ate rt
tiiorucd ta Ttccivc aij dcbti ihzl a

of the ffiofe o( Dt

of LAWRENCE & SCHIEFFELfV. Diu«,ni. cCii^,^
perfc»uha..n, - -•^ -' - • '!'•-•..

Dtuip and NI

17. d.fTolvcs
nd thofe who

New. York. OaoUi 1 8.



Ho. 195, PtarLStrrtt, niOT Ou Fly.Ma'ktU ml funijr frcm ihr larver ; htc


!n addition 10 the formet Sloek oti hand, 11 now tepleniOied by an e«enfive and JeneiaJa(Tortmenl of renuine ]f
DRUGS and MEDICINES frotn Europe, and (old as ufual. Whclefale >tnd Reti). on the lo.cfl term? to, C
cafl), cooju/y produce, of credit, by


\Vh> hnth purthascd hu Parlntr'i Sftart in the mui Slcn.

rapidly increased, Jacob Schieffelin took as a partnci- his son,
Henry Hamilton Schieffelin. under the firm name of Jacoli
Scliieffelin & Son. The business became very heavy for those
days. They had several buildings filled with drugs and other
goods, besides the one they occu])ied at 193 Pearl street. The
newsjiapers of the time showed that they advertised exten-
sively. Their business was not confined to drugs, and they also
offered for sale "Muscovado Sugars," coffee, cotton, and among
other tilings apjieared "300 l)arrels of gim ])owder, 400 casks
of brimstone and 100 barrels dou])le refined salt petre." These
were very large (|uantities in those days.


Tn 1807 came tlie greatest wonder of the age. Tlie steam-
boat "Clermont" made her iirst ti'i]), and after that it was
])ossible to he al)le to start for Albany on ^fonday and he back
on Friday, which seemed little short of a miracle. The com-
merce of the United States had mnch to contend witli. England,
with its orders in conncil, France with her Berlin decrees,
and the I'ii'ates of the Mediterranean, all contended to cri])i)l6
the hnsiness, and last of all came the war of 1812. From all
of these the firm of Schioffelin & Son suffered damage, two of
tlieir ships having lieen seized hy order of Na]^oleon and an-
other l)y the Englisli. For the former tliey recovered iT^lO.OOO
and that was all. Fn 1811 the senior ]oartner retired, and the
business, rapidly increasing, was carried on by Henry H.
Schieffelin and his hrothers, Efifingham and Jacol) H., uiider the
name of H. H. Schieffelin & romi)any. Under this name it con-
tinned until 1849. After the war of 1812 the business of the
country rapidly increased. In 1814 the revenue was $4,415,000.
The next year it had risen to $37,695,625.

In 1816 ocean steamships ran to England. The era of
cheap daily newspjajiei's soon came. In the great panic of 1837
only the strongest Inisiness houses survived, and among these
was that of H. H. Schieffelin & Company. The building of the
Erie canal in 1825 rendered the "Western Country" tributary
to New York. The business of the firm had outgrown its ])lace,
and the firm removed to Alaiden Lane. Theii- (|uarters there
proved too small, and in 1841 the firm was established at 104-106
.John street. It had not only withstood the ])anic, but the Inisi-
ness had materially increased. In 1848 it absorlied the exten-
sive business of Hoadley Phelps & Compiany and i)ui'chased
their entire stock, in 1849 Henry II. Schieffelin I'etireil from
business, having l)een foi- forty years a ]iartner. and for thirty-
five vears the head of the firm, lie was rhe first vice-presi-


dent of the College of Pharmacy in 1825-30, and was president
in 1861. The business was continued nnder most favorable
circumstances by his four sons, Sanuiel Bradlmrst, Sidney
Augustus, James Lawrence and Bradlmrst Schieffelin, and
under the name of ScliieiTelin Brothers tV: C'omiiany continued
for sixteen years.

Facilities for rapid comnmnication had so increased that
it was no longer necessary for customers from distant parts
to make their semi-annual visits to New York; they could send
their orders by mail or telegraph with assurance of quick re-
turns. The year 18ti5 completed the firm's existence under the
name of Schieffelin Brothers & Company. Of these Samuel
B. Schieft'elin had the chief direction of alfairs, and to his
energy its success had been largely due. Advantage had been
taken of all the improved facilities of modern times, and the
effort was soon a])parent. In 1853 Aslier B. Kandolph, and in
1855 John I). Dix became members of the firm. In 1854 the
increase of the business rendered removal again necessary, and
a iai'ge structure, to afford ample acconnuodation, was erected
at 170-172 William street, at the corner of Beekman. It is
of In'ick, six stories in height, with basement, siib cellar and fire
proof vaults. ri)on removal to this edifice, a department ex-
clusively for druggists' sundries, shop ware tfc^c. was organized,
and the subsequent growth of the business has abundantly
justified this step, which the finn was the first to take. In 1859
William H. Schieffelin (son of Samuel ?>.), William A. (Jellatly
and Jose])li H. Westerfield were adnutted to ])artnershi]).

An instance of the enterinise and intelligence of this firm
is shown l)y tlie ja-omptness with which it emlu'aced the opi)ortn-
nity of establishing a new line. When i)etroleum was discovered
an office was at once established at Titusville, Pennsylvania,
and the firm was the first to bring petroleum to New York


as au article of cDininerce. Like most other business finiis,
this also siifi'ered from tlie outbreak of the Civil \\i\\\ but new-
avenues of trade were ((uiekly opened, which more than com-
])ensated for the losses sustained. hi 1S(;2 William Henry
Seliieffelin, son of Samuel B. Schieffelin, went to the front with
tke Seventh Kegiment and afterwards l)e('anie major in the
First New York Mounted Ritles, taking- part in the Peninsular
cami^aign. In 1H()5 the four brothers retired and tlu' style be-
came William H. Schieffelin & Coni])any, the partners being
William H. Schieffelin, William A. Gellatly, Joseph H. Wester-
tield and William X. Clark, the last being a grandson of Henry
H. Schieffein. and in turn has l)een succeeded by his son, Henry
Schieffelin Clark. In 1875 the firm purchased and absorbed
the business of A. B. Sands & Company. In 1880 William S.
Mersereai; and William L. Brower became partners, and in
1890 William Jay Schieffelin and Henry Schieffelin Clark were
admitted to ])artnershi]i. The former, in 1887, graduated in
chemistry at the School of ]\Iines, Columbia College, and con-
tinued the study of this science under Professor Baeyer at the
University of ^Munich, where in 1889 he received the degree
of Doctor of PhiIoso])liy.

In 1882, for the proper manufacture of its chemical and
])harmaceutieal ])repai'ations, the firm erected one of the best
api)ointed laboratories in the country with apparatus and ma-
chinery, some of which is the invention of members of the firm.
This firm introduced to physicians the German synthetic
remedies and phenacetine, salol, sulfonal and aristol.

In 1898 three members of the firm served as officers in the
S])anish war. Schuyler Schieffelin, in the staff of General
Greene, taking ]^art in the capture of Manila: William Jay
Schietl'elin, on the staff of General Hains, taking ]tart in the
capture of Guayama, Porto Rico; and H. Schieffelin Clai-k who


served as lieutenant-eolone! of the Two Hundred and Third
Xew York Infantry. In 1!»();! the Inisiness was incorporated
witli ^^'illianl X. ('lark as jn-esident. In 1906 he retired and
was succeeded l)y AVilliam Jay Schieffelin.

Thus the business as orig-inally established by Effingham
Lawrence in 1781. Init i)urchased by Jaeoli Schieffelin in 179-4,
and carried on liy him at first in limited ([uarters on Pearl
street, after many changes in personal, yet always under the
name of Schieffelin, and always with members descended in a
direct line from the founder, still exists after more than a
century, with greater facilities for its work, and with a well
established reputation for honesty and enter^jrise.


The name of Bogart is connected with our earliest history.
]n its Latinized form of "Bogardus" it was the name of one
of the first and most famous of the ministers of the Dutch
church in New Amsterdam. In its original form it has been
from great antitpiity very common in Holland.

Jan Bogart, called Jan Lowwe (a contraction of Lowens),
was the Amercian ancestor. He was a native of Sclioender-
waert, and a son of Louens C'ornelisen Bog-art. With
his wife, Cornelia Everts, he sailed from Amsterdam, April
Ki, 1 ()()."), in the shi]) "Brindled Cow." Their first ])lace
of residence in the new world was at Bedford, Long
Lsland, but they afterwards removed to Harlem. They had
among other children a son Claas (Nicholas). He married
(first) Beelt.ie Van Schaich, June 28, 1695; (second) Margaret
Conselyea, widow of John \''an Tilbury, February 23, 1707. She
died September 20, 1742. By the first marriage there wei'e
four children, and nine by the second. The second child by
■ he first marriage was Cornelis Bogart, baptized .January 14,


1700. He married Cornelia \"an Dnyn, daughter of Cornelis
Van Dnyn, May 1, 1720. He died A])ril 19, 1793, leaving seven
children. Cornells Bogart was a citizen of re]nite and respect-
ability. His residence for long years was the northwest corner
of Broadway and Lil>erty street, which descended to his heirs.

Xicliolas (". Bogart, youngest child of CorneJis Bogart.
l>orn in 17o4, died in 1793. He married Anne, daughter of
Myndert Schuyler, a rei;resentative of an ancient and honored
family, and at one time mayor of Albany. Her mother was
Elizabeth Wessels, of an equally ancient race. They were mar-
ried November 6, 1766. By this marriage there were two chil-
dren : Captain Cornelius Bogart, born 1768, died unmarried
in 1821; and Rev. David Schuyler Bogart, liorn in 1770.

Nicholas C. Bogart was a shipping merchant and had ex-
tensive business with foreign ]iorts. He inherited from his
father the ancestral homestead at Broadway and Liberty street.
His widow died at Southami)ton, Long Island, while on a visit
to her son, who was then the ])astor of the church in that village.
His son Cornelius was a captain of an artillery comjiany in his
early manhood, and made his home with his brother the great-
er part of his life. He was known as a gentleman of good
attainments, and very pleasing and courteous in his manners.

Rev. David Schuyler Bogart, son of Nicholas C. Bogart.
was born in New York, January 12, 1770. He entei'ed Columbia
College at an early age and graduated in 1790. He was a
zealous and indefatigable student, and received the highest
honors. His researches in the various dei)artments of science
and literature seemed to be stimulated and invigoi-ated, not so
much by the ordinary ambition of treasuring up the ample
stores of knowledge, as l)v a remarkable and untiring concen-
tration of his faculties to the sim])le discovery and ac(]uisition
of truth. "While distinguished for his attainments in other


brandies of leaniing-, his greatest eiiiployinent consisted in in-
vestigating the doctrines of C'hi-istian faitli. He became an
expert Greek sehohir, and tlie New Testament in the original
was as familiar to him as the transhition.

Immediately after his gradnation he commenced tlie study
of t]ieoh)gy witli IJcv. Dr. Livingston, an<l was licensed to ])reach
by the synod of the Reformed Dutch ("Imivh. His tirst sermon



■^c^U S, Bojx^r-^^- ti^^^<^ B'f^

was preached in the Xoi'th Dutch Church in New York, October
14, 171)2, from the text "Say ye to the righteous that it shall
be well with him." He subseciuently i)reached in the other
ehurelies of that denomination. During tlie first four years of
nis ministry, he jtreached in other cities and in many country
churches, with general and increasing popularity. Tn the fall
of 17i)5 he received a call to the Presbyterian church in South-
amjitoii. Long Tshmd. The congregation was divided, and much
dissention existed in relation to the "llall'wav Covenant" which


had caiised the resignation of the former })astor, Kev. Mr.
Daggett. The call was accepted, and on May 20, 1796, he re-
moved with his family to Soiithami)ton. Before many months
had elapsed, he received a call from the First Preshyterian
C'hnrch in Albany, and went there in Jannary. IT!)". After
})reaching for several months, his health l)ecame impaired, and
having I'eceived a second call to Sonthampton, he retnrned
and was ordained as minister of that church in the fall of 1798.
A revival of religion followed, and the number of communicants
was doubled in three months, and for sixteen years he labored
there with success.

In 1813 he received a call to the Reformed Dutch Churches
at Success, and Oyster Bay, on Long Island. Accei)ting this
invitation, he went to the new tield of labor. The two churches
were fourteen miles apart, and he i)reaclied to each alternately
for thirteen years. This ardous duty ca;ised his resignation,
and he returned to Xew York in 1826, and preached there and
in various places. su{)plying vacancies. Infirmities graduall>'
increased upon him, and he died on Wednesday morning. July
10, 1839. He left behind him the well earned reputation of an

Online LibraryWilliam S. (William Smith) PelletreauHistoric homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) → online text (page 8 of 26)