William S. (William Smith) Pelletreau.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) online

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eloquent, faithful and successful minister of the gos]iel. His
reward is on high. His vast fund of information made him
ready for any occasion. It is characteristic of the man. tint
he frequently went into his pulpit without any idea what his
sermon was to he imtil he o])ened the Bible and selected a text.
This was told us by an aged man in Southamiiton to whom Mi'.
Bogart made the statement.

Rev. David S. Bogart married, April 29. 1792. Elizabeth,
daughter of Jonas Piatt, of Sraithtown, Long Island. Her
mother was a direct descendant of Richard Smith, the ])atentec'
and founder of Smithtcnvn. Their children were: Ann. born
:\[ay 25. 1794, died 1834; Elizabeth, born Decemlier 8, 1795,


died May 12, 1879; David Schuyler, bom 1798, died 1849; Will-
iam Henry, born 1800, died numarried, 1839; Eugene, born
April, 180;), died 1847; Alwyn, born December 8, 1805, died
February 7, 1860; Alexander .1., born April, 1808, died 1870;
Orlando M., born December, 1810.

Ann Bogart, the oldest child, married Charles De Bost. of
Lyons, France, in 1817. Their children were: 1. Charles, born
Aug-ust 5, 1826, died May 25, 1895. He married Margaret A.
Williams, June 1, 1859, and had children: Charles, born ^rarch
17, 1860; Estelle, born December 4, 1862, married Joseph Dowd,
January 7, 1903; and Helen X., born July 19, 1866. 2. David
Schuyler, died unmarried, aged thirty-three. 3. Augustus
Brunei, born March 16, 1830, died in Los Angeles, California,
:\[arch 10, 1905. He married Mary Ludlow Walker, March 1(5.
1859, and had four children: Leon Depeyre, born February 1,
1860; ]\Iarie Louise, born February 12, 1861; Alwyn Bogart,
born October 8, 1863; and Richard Walker, born May 6, 1866.
4. Leon Depeyre, born September 24, 1832, died February 11.
1898. He mari-ied T^ouise Ludlam, daughter of Silas and Eliz-
abeth Clem Ludlam, December 8, 1862. Their children are
Augi;stus Brunei, l)oni Se])temlier 20, 1864, died May 28. 1905;
William Ludlam, born Aj)ril 24, bS70; Lcmis Leon, !)orn August
6, 1872; and Anita Ludlam, tiorn December 31, 1877, died July
30, 1901. 5. Marie Louise, married Bufus Sanger, and hail
six children.

William L. De Bost married Clarice r^ndlaui, Xovember
4. 1897. She was l)()rn June (i, 1872, and was daughter of George
P. and Annie Kennedy [^udlam. They had two children: Clar-
isse Spencer De Bost, born April 12. 1899; and Anita Ludlam
De Bost, bora Ai)ril 24, 1903. The Ludlam family are descend-
ed fioiii Williaiii, Luitlaii! who was an earlv settler in South-


ampton, Long Island. His will, dated 1664, is the first record-
ed in the New York surrogate's office.

At a very earij' age the children of Charles De Bost were
])laeed nnder the care of their grandfather, Rev. David S.
Bogart. They were sent to Southampton, Long Island, which
was then a qniet country village, were brought \\\) in reputal)l('
families and enjoyed the advantages of an excellent Academic
education. They were a part of the village life and a vei'\'
active part; and in all fun, frolic and mischief as well, the "De
Bost boys" were first and foremost. Excellent and well be-
haved scholars, ready and willing to earn an honest dollar by
]iel])ing the farmers in the harvest field, and equally ready and
capable of "manning oars" in a whale boat, they wei'e the life
of the village. The money thus earned was generally invested
in powder and shot, for out of school hours they were inde-
fatigable sportsmen, and many a wild duck and wild goose were
the trophies of their unerring aim.

After their school days were ended, and they returni'd to
the city to enter upon the practical duties of life, every sum-
mer found them returning like swallows to their old nesting-
place, and none were more popular than they. Leon Depeyre
De Bost was in reality the fomider of the "Xew Southampton."
It was his influence and extended acquaintance that brought men
of wealth to the place, and he lived to see it transformed
from one of the most ((uiet of country villages to a famous and
fashionable resort.


Among the families who settled in Xew Amsterdam none
was more famous than the one founded by Frederick Flypsen,
and from the day vrhen he arrived friendless and ol)scure.
to the time when his descendant embarked on boai'd the l:>ritisli



fleet after tlie Revolution, to leave the country and never to
return, tlie family was identified with the highest offices in the
C'olony, and its members were distinguished not only for wealth
but for a])ility. Vrederiek or Frederick Fly))sen was according
to one account a native of Bolswaert in Friesland, where he
was born in 1626. There is evidence that his ancestry were
among the n()l)ilitv of Bohemia, but a claim to a higher nobilitv

IrebemkJ^htlipsfEs 5rr

than kings can bestow is found in the fact that they were among
the friends and supijorters of the Reformed Religion and ad-
herents of tlie renowned John Huss and Jerome of Prague, and
shared in enduring the i)ersecutions wliicli liave made their
names illustrious as chamiiions of religious freedom.

From their adherence to the cause of the Reformation the
family were comiielled to flee from Bohemia and they found,
as did thousands of others, a refuge of jieace and security in


Holland. A uuimiscrijit statement written l»y Julm Jay and
wortliy of tlie resjiect dn(> to anything' emanating from the
lionored cliief jnstice is antlioi-ity fov the statement that the
fonnder of this family was liorn in ]>oheniia. His mother, be-
ing a wi(h)W, was ('omjtelled to flee with hei- cliildi-en to TToUand
with wh'it little ]:)ro])erty they eonld save from the wreck of
tlieir estate, and tliis little, not i)ermitting lier to ])rovide for
her son Fi'ederiek, slie honml him to a ear]ienter and he heeame
an excellent workman. The tradition of the family is that he
came to Xew Amsterdam with Peter Stnyvesant, and if this
be true he must have arrived in 1647. The surest proof of the
nohijity of ancestry is the fact that although he came to this
country witlnnit any of the ad\'antages of fortune he was re-
cognized as the social equal of the highest dignitaries of the
Colony, and the favor and assistance lie received from them
were doubtless the means which in the end made him the richest
man of his day.

Among the early settlers was Adol})h Hardenbrook, who
came from Holland and settled in Bergen. Among other chil-
dren he had a daughter INfai'garet, who married Pieter Eudolp-
hus De Vries, a mercliant of Xew Amsterdam, in 1659. They
had one daughter who was bai)tized with the name of ^Faria,
October o, 1660. Pieter Rudol])hus He \"ries died in 1661, leav-
ing a considerable estate which descended to his widow and
child. Tn October, 1(562, bans of man-iage l)etween Fi'ederiek
Philipse and Margaret Hardenbrook were pul)lished. By an
antenuptial agreement Frederick Phili])se agreed to ado])t tlu-
child and leave her one-h.alf of his estate unless he had children
of his own, in which case he would give her an eipial share with
them. Although her name at baptism is given as ^[aria, it is
possible that her name may have been changed at the time of


adoption, at all events it is certain tliat she ever hore the name
of Eva Philipse and is thns named in her adopted father's will.

By his marriage Frederick Phili])se became entitled to a
commnnity of property with his wife, bnt she did not relinqnish
the sole management of her estate, for which she seemed well
fitted by nature. On the contrary she conducted tlie business
of lier late husliand, and fretjuently made voyages to Holland
in her own shi])s and acting as her own super cargo.

AVlien the two Labadist missionaries came to New York in
1679, they stated that they sailed "In the small Flute ship
called the Charles, of which Thomas Singleton was master,
but the superior authority over botli ship and cargo was in
Margaret Flii)se, who was the owner of both, and with whom
we agreed for our passage from Amsterdam to New York in
New Netherlands, at seventy-five Guilders for each person."
By his own exertions and liis wife's energy and thrift Fred-
erick Philipse soon liecame one of the richest men of the Colony.
In 1679 his property was valued at 80,000 guilders, the highest
amount owned by any one person, and that was small in compari-
son to the wealth he afterward accumulated. After the death of
his wife, whicli occurred in 1690, his business enterprises became
still more extended. He was one of the most extensive tra-
ders with the Five Nations of Indians at Albany, sent shi|)S
both to the East and West Indies, imported slaves from Africa,
and his enemies did not hesitate to charge him with increasing
his gains by dealings with the i)irates at Madagascar.

In official and ]wlitical offices he was no less prominent
than in his connnercial affairs, and by his intimate connections
witli the governors he obtained advantages not enjoyed by
othei's. He was member of council with all the governors from
Edmond Andross to the Earl of Bellemont, a period of twenty
vears. "Wliile at first he resisted the authority of Jacob Leisler,


he afterwards recognized him as governor dc facto. He was
in high favor witli Governor Slaughter and his successor, (iov-
ernor Fletcher, by whose favor he and his son Adoli)hus olitained
large grants of land. In 1698 he resigned his seat in the council,
giving as a reason his advanced age, Init possibly to escape re-
moval, which seemed probable upon tlie accession of Earl Belle-
mont as governor.

In 1()92 Mr. Phili]jse married Catherine, daughter of Oloff
Stevense Van Cortlandt, (the ancestor of a famous family) and
widow of John Dervall. There were no children by the second
marriage. The notice of his death is thus recorded liy his widow
in the family Bible. "Anno 1702. the 6th of November, Satur-
day night at 10 o'clock my husband Frederick Philipse died and
lies Iraried in the Church Yard in the Manor named Philijis-
burgh." Thus passed away a man who was during his long
Hfe one of the most prominent personages of his time. He
had five children: Eva, the adopted daughter, married Jacobus
Van Cortlandt. Philij), born in 1663, and baptized Marcli 18,
1669. Adol])li, baptized November 15, 1665. Anatje (oi" Anna),
baptized November 27, 16(>7, married Phili}) French. Humbert,
who died in infancy.

Philip Philipse, the eldest son, was a youth of delicate
constitution, and was sent by his father to Barbadoes to look
after a plantation. While there he married, in 1697, ^laria
Sparks, daughter of the governor of the island. His wife died
soon after the birth of their only child Frederick, October 17,
1698. Her husband did not long survive, but died in 1700.

The ancestor of this family was the first of the settlers
from Holland to adopt a family name. According to Dutch
usage his son. Pliili|) would be known as "Philip Frederick-
sen," and his son Frederick in turn would be "Frederick Philip-
sen," and so on. It shows the intelligence of the founder of


the family tliat he accepted the new order of things, and not tlie
least, was to establish Philipse as a family name. In his
native hind lie was Vredrick the son of Flyj), or Philip. The
name of Frederick Philipse mnst ever be connected with the
great [Manor of Philipsbnrgh, one of the most important por-
tions of the Province of New York. This ])rincipality consisted
originially of three parts. The first extended from Harlem
river along the Hudson to a point above \'()nkers, and was
patented l)y (iovernor XicoUs to Hugh O'Xeil, (October 8,
1666, and by various deeds became finally vested in Frederick
Pliilil)se. The remainder, which is by far the hirgest part, was
purchased from the Indians by authority of later governors
and confirmed by a ijatent from Governor Dougan, granted
December '2'.], 1684, and another in 1687. Of this part one-half
had been granted to his son. Philip Philipse, but as he died be-
fore his father, the whole fell to Frederick Philipse. All of
these various imrchases were confirmed in one ])atent granted
by Governor Benjamin Fletcher, dune 12, Ki^.'!.

The whole Manor extended north to a i)oint two miles
from the mouth of Croton river, and was bounded Ity a vacant
piece of land which lay to the south of the Manor of Cortlandt,
and which was afterwards known as "the West Patent of
North Castle." This north line ran in a diagonal line to the
head of Bronx river. The eastern boundary was the said river.
The whole [Manor was about eighteen miles long, with an av-
erage l)readth of four or five miles. When Lord Cnrnbury
became governor, and was anxious to throw discredit upon his
predecessor, he mentioned this i^atent as being "Twenty miles
S(piare, " a grossly exaggerated statement, for which there was
no excuse.

The original will of Frederick Philijjse is now in the i>os-
session of his descendants. In it he bequeaths his m)u1 "into ye


merciful hands of ye Infinate God," and directs liis body to be
buried "at my Burial Place at ye Ui)per ]\Iills." This is the
famous Sleepy Hollow Cemetery at Tarrytown. His son Philip
being dead, his heir-at-law was his grandson, Frederick Philipse,
to whom he left the south part of his Manor, and the greater
part of his estate. This included his residence in Xew York,
which was the north corner of Stone street and Broadway, and
lots on Broad street. Also two houses and lots No. 65-67 Stone
street "near ye Old Stadt House," also Kings Bridge with the
land adjoining. The personal property of negroes and cattle
with ships and other things was very large. To his son Adolph
he left the north part of the Manor, (which eventually, upon his
dying intestate, reverted to his nephew Frederick) also a house
and lot on Stone street east of his own. Also the house and lot
No. 62 Pearl sti'eet, in which Adolj^h Philipse lived and died.
Also a house and lot on the south corner of Stone street and
Broadway, and a store house and lot fronting on Broad street
and extending to Xew street. In addition to this he had four-
teen slaves, and a half of the cattle and horses and one-half
of the rest of personal estate and "a large boat called ye Unity."
To his daughter, Eva Van Cortlandt, he left a house and lot
at the corner of Coenties Sli]) and Pearl street, and extending
to the river, also a lot on Xew street, also one-fourth of personal
projierty. To his daughter Anatje. wife of Phili]) French, he
left a house and lot whei'e they lived, (this is next east of the
famous Fraunces Tavern, Pearl street) and a warehouse
and a lot on Xew street, also an estate in Bergen county, Xew
Jersey, and a large amount of land in Ulster county, and a
house and lot on Broadway, afU'r his wife's decease. For his
wife he had made libei'al provision, at the time of their marriage,
and she also had the use of his dwelling house, and another on
Broadway and fifty pounds a year.


Adolph Philipse died unmarried and intestate in January,
1719. and all of his estate went to his elder lirother's son Fred-
erick, as heir-at-law. He was not only a wealthy iiierchant, hut
held high official jjosition, l)eing a niemljer of council from 1704
to 1721. In 1718 he was one of the commissioners to settle the
houndary between New York and ( V:)nnecticut. He was for
many years memlier of assembly. Sevei-al times he was elected
speaker and held that position continuously from 1739 to 1745.
John Jay said of him. "He was a man of superior talent,
well educated, sedate, liii>hly respected and popular. Except
that he was ])enui-ious, I have heard nothing to his disad-
vantage." His portrait is among the family relics in pos-
session of the Philipse family, and among the accounts of Joseph
Eeade, the administrator of his estate, is the following item,
"Jan. 25, 1749 To the Picture of Mr. Adolph Philipse, £6."

Frederick I'hilipse the new ]>ord of the >Janor, was born
in Barbadoes. in 1698, and when four years of age came to
New York. He entered u})on life with all the advantages that
wealth and high position could bestow, and he soon became one
of the most distingaiished citizens of the Province. For long
years he was member of assembly, and speaker from 1721 to
1728. In 173'] he was baron of the exclie(pier, and he held the
office of third judge of the su])reme court till the time of his
death, and as Lord of the Manor of Pliilipsburgli he held the
highest rank among the landed gentry of the i)eriod. He mar-
ried Johanna, youngest daughter of Governor Anthony Brock-
halst, and they were the parents of five children. Frederick,
bom in New Yoi-k. Philip. l)a])tized 1727. Susannah, born Sep-
tember 27, 1727. Mai-y. born July 5, 17.')(t. Mai'garet, died in
lier seventeenth year.

Mrs. Johanna Philipse was killed hy a fall fi-om Iict- car-
I'iage on the Highland estate, and her hushand died duly 2(),


1751, at the age of tift\-tliree, and like his fatlier. was Iniried
at the old Dutch Chui-cli of Tai-rytown on his Manor of Phili])s-
hurgh, which his father had huilt. The newsi)apers of the time
mention him as "a gentleman eonsi)icuous for an ahniKhmt
fortune, lint it was not his wealth that estal)lished his merit,
))ut his indulgence aiid tenderness to his tenants, his moi'e tlian
parent affection for his children, and his incessant liherality
to the indigent, these ])roeured him more unfeigned regard than
t-an be purchased with opulence or gained by interest."

In addition to his gi-cat Manor of Philiiisburgh lu^ in-
herited from his imcle, Adolph Philipse, a very large estate
called the Highland Patent, which includes almost the whole
of Putnam County. This was imrchased from the Indians Ijy
Adol]»li Phili|)se. and a patent was granted by Govei-nor Ben-
jamin Fletcher, June 17. 1(J!)7.

In his will Frederick l'liili])se left to his eldest son. Fred-
erick, all the Afano]- of Pliili])sburgli and the bridge called Kings-
bi-idge "with the tolls." also the houses and lots No. 6o-()5 Stone
street, and the family mansion at the corner of Broadway. To
his wife he left an annuity of Um, and he left £400 for build-
ing an I^]nscoi)al cliuicli a.t Yonkers, and a farm near by "as
a (rlebc for said chui-ch." To his daughter Susannah, who mar-
ried Colonel Beverley Kobinson. he left a dwelling house next
to his own. To his daughter ^lary, who man-ied Colonel Roger
Morris, he left the house and lot on the south corner of Bi'oad-
way and Stone street. To his son Philip he left "my dwelling
house where my uncle Adolph Philipse lived and dyed in," at
No. 62 Pearl street. To his youngest daughter Margaret was
left a house and lot now No. 21 Broadway. The great estate,
known as the Highland Patent, was left to his son Philip and
his three daughters. Upon the death of the youngest daughter.
Margaret, her share went to the rest. To each of his younger



children lie left i;:^()<)(), anil each oi" the uniiiarried daughters
was to have "as good an outsett in ch)thing, plate and kitchen
and household fui'nitnre as my eldest daughter Susannah has
received from nie."

Frederick Philipse, the eldest son, was the last Lord of
the Manor of I'hili|ishui'gh. He was a man of (juiet manners

Mary Philipse.

and indisjjosed to exertion. He was colonel of the militia and
member of the Provincial Assembly. At the time of the Revoh;-
tion he adhered to the Royal canse, but was not hostile to the new
government, and was jiermitted to live in (juiet neutrality in
Connecticut. In an evil hour he was induced to go to Xew
York, then occupied by the British, and very im))rudently
neglected all warnings to return. After the war his vast estate
was confiscated, and sold in small farms to the former tenants


who thus became landlords, and lie liimself banished from his
native land, where his ancestors had been so distingnished, went
to England and died at Chester, Ai)ril iJO, ]7S5, at the age of
sixty-five years. A marble tablet in the Cathedral bears witness
to his many virtues. In the great painting by Benjamin West.
"Britania receiving the Loyalist Exiles," the ])ortrait of Fred-
erick Philipse holds a i)rominent position. His descendants
are still living in England.

Frederick Philipse, Last Lord of tlie ;Maiior.

Philip Philii)se, who with his sisters inherited the High-
land Patent, was born in 1727. He married ^largaret, daughter
of Nathaniel Marston, and their children wei-e: Adoljih, born
August 17. 1745. Frederick, born May :]. 175."). Xathaniel.
born August 5, 1756. The father of this family died at an early
age, May 9, 1768, and was buried in the vault of Xathaniel
Marston in Trinity Church. His widow man-ied Hev. John
Ogilvie, D. D., assistant minister of Trinity Clunx'h, April 15.


]7()0. He died Xovemlier 26, 1774. She .survived him mauy
years and died February 11, 3807.

Nathaniel Philipse, the yonng'est son, was a graduate of
King's College, 1773. On August 28, 1776, he received a com-
mission as ensign, signed by Sir William Howe, in the Seven-
teenth Regiment. He was killed at the battle of Germantown,
October 4, 1777. As he left no will liis share of the estate
went to his oldest brother Adoljih, who died June 2, 1785, un-
married, leaving his estate to his brother Frederick during
his life and then to his daughter Mary. The Highland Patent
was divided in 1754, and after the Revolution the shares of
Susannah Robinson and her sister, Mary Morris, were con-
fiscated and sold and the shares of the children of Philip alone
remained of the vast estate once owned by the Philipse family.

Frederick Phili]ise, the only surviving child, married his
cousin, Mary ]\[arston, daughter of Xathaniel ^farston and
Anna, daughter of Jacobus Van Cortlandt. She had one sister.
I-^rances, who married Rev. Charles Mongan, afterwards War-
burton, Bishoi) of Limerick. By this marriage there was one
child, ]\Iary Philipse, born October 14, 1779. Her mother died,
and Ml'. Philipse married ^laria Kemble, who left no children.
Mary Philijise married Sanniel Gouverneur, about 1801, and
bei- lather died ^lay ;>, 1829, leaving his daughter his sole heir.
Her children were Frederick Philipse, born duly 5, 1804.
Adol])hus Xathaniel, born September 29, 1805. Samuel M. W..
who died unmarried, 187(i. ^largaret Philii^se, married Will-
iam Moore. Mary Marston. (See sketch of (louverneur family.)

I^y act of legislature A])ril 7, 1830, the name of Freder-
ick P. (lOuverneur was changed to Frederick Philipse. He mar-
ried C^atherine Wadswortb Post, and died October 2(i, 1874.
having two dauglitevs Catherine Wadswoi'th Philipse and ^lar-


(l604 — 1674)


g'aret Gouverneiir Pliilipse the sole snvvivors of the aucient

Among' the relies of the past are portraits of Ahraham
Gouverneiir and his wife Mary, daugliter of the famous and ill
fated Jacob Leisler. Nathaniel Marston and his wife Mary,
daughter of John and Elizalieth Crooke. Mary Philijjse, as
she was in the hlooni of her early beauty. Her sister Margaret
in girlhood. Adolph Philipse, Pliili}) Philipse and Mrs. Mar-
garet Ogilvie. Ju the New York Historical Society are por-
traits, not positively identified, but believed to be Frederick
Philipse, the second Lord of the Manor of Philipsburgh, and
his son Frederick, the Last Lord, who died in exile and Sus-
annah, wife of Colonel Beverly Robinson. The small portrait
given in this sketch of the Last Lord of the Manor is from a
photograph of a i)ortrait owned by his descendants in England.
The silver communion service presented to the church at Tarry-
town by its founder, Frederick Philipse, still remains an in-
teresting relic of the past.


The name of this family, 2)lainly of French origin, denotes
the military commander of a town or fortress. The ancestor
of the family is Nicholas Pierre Gouverneur, a native of France
and probably from the town of Jonaye in Brittany. He had
served as Captain of Horse under Henry of Navarre, and after
the death of the great leader of the Huguenots he sought re-
fuge in Delft, Flanders and afterwards in Amsterdam. While
in Delft he received from the Prince of Orange a grant of arms

Online LibraryWilliam S. (William Smith) PelletreauHistoric homes and institutions and genealogical and family history of New York (Volume 1) → online text (page 9 of 26)