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8 1, 96, etc. The word is here a trisyllable. Gr. 479.

109. Smother her spirits up. Cf. Hen. V. iv. 5. 20 : " To smother up
the English," etc.

114. May. Can. See on ii. 3. 19 above, and cf. iii. 2. 103 : " May this
be so?"

120. The story, etc. "That is, the story which her blushes discover
to be true " (Johnson). Schmidt takes blood to be used in the same
sense as in ii. i. 162 above. Seymour objects to the former explanation
that Hero had fainted ; but we find the Friar afterwards referring to the
" thousand blushing apparitions" he had noted in her face, and this may
be a similar reference.

123. Spirits. Monosyllabic, as often. Gr. 463.

124. On the rearward. Cf. Sonn. 90. 6 : " In the rearward of a con-
quer'd woe." See also 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2. 339.



ACT IV. SCENE I. 155

126. Chid. Similarly followed by at in T. G. of V. ii. I. 78, A. Y. L.
iii. 5. 129, W. T. iv. 4. 6, etc. Elsewhere it is followed by with; as in
Sonn. in. i, Oth. iv 2. 167, and Cymb. v. 4. 32.

Frame. " Order, disposition of things " (Steevens). Schmidt, less
happily, makes frame mould (as in W. T. ii. 3. 103), and explains the
passage, " Did I grumble against the niggardness of nature's casting-
mould?"

127. One too much by thee. Cf. T. G. of V. v. 4. 52 : " too much by one."
131. Who smirched. Who being smirched, if she were smirched. See

Gr. 377. For smirched (cf. iii. 3. 124 above) the folio has " smeered."

Mir'd. Soiled. Used again as a verb (=sink in mud) in T. of A. iv.
3. 147 : " Paint till a horse may mire upon your face." Halliwell cites
Palsgrave, Lesclarcissement de la Langue Francoyse, 1530 ' "I myar, I
beraye with myar ; the poore man is myred up to the knees ;" and Tay-
lor, Workes, 1630 :

" I was well entred (forty winters since)
As farre as possum in my A ccidence ;
And reading but from possum to posset,
There was I mii*d, and could no further get."

134. And mine I lotfd, etc. Warb. strangely wanted to read "as mine
I lov'd, as mine I prais'd, As mine," etc. For the ellipsis of the relative,
see Gr. 244 ; and for on=of, Gr. 181.

137. Valuing of her. "Estimating what she was to me" (Schmidt).

138. That. So that. Gr. 283. On the passage, cf. Macb. ii. 6. 60 :

" Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood
Clean from my hand?"

140. Season. For the metaphor, cf. A. W. i. i. 55: "'T is the best
brine a maiden can season her praise in ;" T. N. i. i. 30 :

"all this to season

A brother's dead love, which she would keep fresh
And lasting in her sad remembrance ;"

J\. and J. ii. 3. 72 :

"How much salt water thrown away in waste,

To season love, that of it doth not taste ! "
See also Z. C. 18.

142. Attir'd in wonder. Cf. R. of L. 1601 : " Why art thou thus attir'd
in discontent ?" T. N. iv. 3. 3 : " 't is wonder that enwraps me thus."
150. Two. Omitted in the folio.

152. Wash\i. That is, he washed. For the ellipsis, see Gr. 399.

153. Hear me, etc. In the early eds. this and the three following lines
are printed as prose, and "been silent" (first transposed by W.) is given
for our silent been. Other emendations have been suggested, but seem to
be unnecessary.

154. And given way, etc. And let these things take their course.

155. By noting. From noting; because I have been noting or ob-
serving. Gr. 146.

157. Apparitions. Metrically equivalent to five syllables. Gr. 479.

158. Shames. For the plural, cf. A. and C. i. 4. 72 :



I5 6 NOTES.

"Let his shames quickly
Drive him to Rome."

159. Bear. The folio reading, and preferable to the "beate" of the
quarto ; though Coll. and V. adopt the latter.

161. To burn the errors. Steevens compares R. and J. i. 2. 93 :

" When the devout religion of mine eye

Maintains such falsehood, then turn tears to fires ;
And these, who often drown'd could never die,
Transparent heretics, be burnt for liars!"

164. Doth warrant, etc. That is, confirm what I have read.

1 66. Reverence, calling. The Coll. MS. gives " reverend calling," which
is plausible, but no change is really required.

1 68. Biting. Often used metaphorically by S. Cf. M. W. v. 5. 178:
" a biting affliction ;" M. for M. i. 3. 19 : " most biting laws," etc. The
Coll. MS. substitutes "blighting."

171. Not denies. Cf. Temp. ii. I. 121 : "I not doubt;" Id. v. i. 38:
" W T hereof the ewe not bites," etc. See also v. i. 22 below: "they
themselves not feel." Gr. 305.

174. What man, etc. Warb. sees great subtlety in this question. No
man's name had been mentioned ; but had Hero been guilty it was very
probi.ble that she would not have observed this, and might therefore
have betrayed herself by giving the name. We suspect, however, that
there is more of Warburton than of Shakespeare in this explanation.

183. Misprision. Misapprehension, mistake. Cf. M. N. D. iii. 2. 90 :

"Of thy misprision must perforce ensue
Some true love turn'd, and not a false turn'd true."

184. The very bent of honour. The utmost degree of honour (John-
son). Cf. ii. 3. 204 above: "her affections have their full bent;" and
see note. Schmidt makes bent here inclination, disposition (as in R.
and y ii. 2. 143, J. C. ii. I. 210, etc.), but the other meaning is more ap-
propriate and more forcible.

185. Wisdoms. A common use of the plural in S. See Rich. II. p.
206, note on Sights ; or Macb. p. 209, note on Loves.

186. Practice. Plotting, trickery ; as in M. for M. v. I. 107, 123, 239,
etc. See also Ham. p. 255 or A. Y. L. p. 156. Walker puts this among
the passages in which live and lie were probably confounded by the old
printers.

187. Frame. Framing, devising. The Coll. MS. has "fraud and."
192. Eat. For the form, see Rich. II. p. 104 or A. Y. L. p. 165. Gr. 343.
Invention. Mental activity (Schmidt) ; as in Oth. iv. i. 201 : "of so

high and plenteous wit and invention," etc. The word is here a quadri-
syllable. See on apparitions, 157 above.

195. In such a kind. Cf. ii. i. 58 above : "in that kind." For kind
Walker suggested " cause," which the Coll. MS. also gives. The rhyme
makes kind suspicious.

198. To quit me of them. To requite myself in respect of them, to be
even with them. Cf. Cor. iv. 5. 89 : " To be full quit of those my banish-
ers ;" T. of S. iii. I. 92 : " Hortensio will be quit with thee," etc. See
also Rich. II. p. 208 or Ham. p.. 269.



ACT IV. SCENE I.



157



Throughly. Thoroughly. Cf. Temp. iii. 3. 14, Ham. iv. 5. 136, etc.
See M. of V. p. 144, note orr Through/ares.

200. Princes. The early eds. have " the Princesse (left for dead)."
The correction is due to Theo.

203. Ostentation. Similarly used of funeral pomp in Ham. iv. 5. 215.
Elsewhere it is = outward show, without the idea of pretentiousness.
Cf. 2 Hen. IV. ii. 2. 54 : " all ostentation of sorrow;" A. and C. iii. 6. 52 :

" The ostentation of our love, which, left unshown,

Is often left unlov'd," etc.

In L. L. L. v. 2. 409 (** full of maggot ostentation ") it has its modern
meaning.

204. For the old custom which is here alluded to, see on v. i. 269
below.

207. What shall become, etc. That is, what shall come, etc. Cf. T. N.
ii. 2. 37 : " What will become of this ?" (that is, what will be the result
of this ?), etc.

208. Well carried. Cf. M. N. D. iii. 2. 240 : " This sport, well carried,
shall be chronicled." See on carry , ii. 3. 196 above.

209. Remorse. Pity. See M. of V. p. 156 or Macb. p. 171.

217. Whiles. Used interchangeably with while as a conjunction, but
never as a noun. Gr. 137. The Coll. MS. transposes lacked and lost;
but 7tf<r>Vdoes not mean missed, but missing, wanting. Cf. M. of V. i. I.
37, M. N. D. ii. i. 223, etc. Even if it were a case of what the rhetoricians
call " hysteron-proteron " (a figure recognized by Puttenham in his Arte
of English Poesie, 1589), other examples are to be found in S.

218. Rack. Stretch, strain, exaggerate. Cf. M. of V. i. i. 181 :

"Try what my credit can in Venice do ;
That shall be rack'd, even to the uttermost," etc.

221. Upon. In consequence of (Schmidt). Cf. v. i. 235 below: " And
fled he is upon this villany." Gr. 191.

222. Idea. Image. Cf. Rich. III. iii. 7. 13 :

"Withal I did infer your lineaments,

Being the right idea of your father ;"

L. L. L. iv. 2. 69 : " forms, figures, shapes, objects, ideas," etc. S. uses
the word only three times.

223. Study. Schmidt takes this to be a figurative use of study '=&
room for study, and compares Sonn. 24. 7 : " my bosom's shop ;" but
study of imagination may be simply = imaginative study, imaginative re-
flections.

226. Moving, delicate. So in the early eds. ; but some modern ones
give " moving-delicate." Cf. Gr. 2.

227. Eye and prospect. Cf. K. John. ii. I. 208: "Before the eye and
prospect of your town."

229. Liver. Anciently supposed to be the seat of love. Cf. R. of L.
47, Temp. iv. i. 56, M. W. ii. i. 121, A. Y. L. iii. 2. 443, T. N. ii. 4. 101, ii. 5.
1 06, etc.

231. No, though he thought, etc. "A line instinct with touching knowl-
edge of human charity. Pity attends the faults of the dead ; and sur-
vivors visit sin with regret rather than reproach " (Clarke).



158 NOTES.

232. Success. That which is to succeed or follow, the issue. Cf. A. and
C. iii. 5. 6 : " What is the success ?" 2 Hen: VI. ii. 2. 46 : " things ill-got
had ever bad success;" T. and C. ii. 2. 117 : "bad success in a bad
cause," etc.

235. LeveWd. Technically = aimed ; as in L. C. 282, Rich. III. iv. 4.
202, etc

238. Sort. Fall out, result. Cf. v. 4. 7 below : " all things sort so
well." See also M. N. D. iii. 2. 352, Ham. i. I. 109, etc.

240. Reclusive. Used by S. nowhere else.

242. Advise. That is, prevail upon by advice, persuade. Cf. Lear, v,
I. 2 : "he is advis'd by aught," etc. See also M. N. D. p. 126, note on
Be advised.

243. Inwardness. Confidence, intimacy. The noun is used by S. only
here, but we have inward= confidential in L. L. L. v. i. 102 : "what is
inward between us," etc. Cf. Rich. III. iii. 4. 8 : " inward with the royal
duke." So the noun inward confidential friend in M.for M. iii. 2. 138:
" I was an inward of his."

247. Being that. Since. Cf. 2 Hen. IV. ii. I. 199 : "being you are to
take soldiers," etc. Gr. 378.

248. The smallest twine, etc. Johnson remarks : " This is one of our
author's observations upon life. Men overpowered with distress eager-
ly listen to the first offers of relief, close with every scheme, and believe
every promise. He that has no longer any confidence in himself is glad
to "repose his trust in any other that will undertake to guide him."

249. Presently. See on i. I. 74 above.

250. To strange sores, etc. Cf. Ham. iv. iii. 9 :

"diseases desperate grown
By desperate appliance are relieved,
Or not at all."

261. Even. Plain. Cf. 2 Hen. IV. ii. 3. 2 : Give even way unto my
rough affairs."

262. May. Can. See on ii. 3. 19 above.

270. By my sword. On swearing by the sword, see Ham. p. 197.

271. By tt. These words are in the folio, but not in the quarto.
274. Eat your word. Cf. A. Y. L. v. 4. 155 and the play upon the

phrase m 2 Hen. IV. n. 2. 149.

287. To deny it. By refusing it. For the "indefinite use" of the in-
finitive, see Gr. 356.

289. I am gone, though I am here. As Beatrice is about to go, Bene-
dick seizes and detains her; she tries in vain to escape, and says "My
heart is absent, though I am present in body." As Halliwell remarks,
this is very effective on the stage.

297. Approved. Proved. See on ii. i. 340 above.

/;/ the height. In the highest degree. Cf. C. of E. v. i. 200 : "Even
in the strength and height of injury." So to the height and at the height;
as m Hen. VIII. i. 2. 214 : " to the height a traitor ;" A. Y. L. v. 2. 50 :

at the height of heart-heaviness," etc.

299. Bear her in hand. Keep her in expectation, flatter her with false
hopes. Cf. T. ofS. iv. 2. 3, Macb. iii. i. 80, Ham. ii. 2. 67, Cymb. v. 5. 43, etc.



ACT iy. SCENE II. 159

302. I would eat, etc. Steevens quotes Chapman, Iliad, xxii. :
" Hunger for slaughter, and a hate that eates thy heart to eate

Thy foe's heart."

So Hecuba (Iliad, xxiv.), speaking of Achilles, expresses a wish to use
her teeth on his liver.

304. Proper. Often used in this ironical way. See Macb. p. 218, note
on O proper stuff. Cf. i. 3. 46 above : " A proper squire !"

310. Counties. See on ii. i. 170 above.

311. Count, Count Comfect. The quarto reads " counte, counte com-
fect;" the folio, "Counte, comfect." Count Comfect is used in derision,
like "My Lord Lollipop" (St.). W. sees a play upon both count and
confect. " Her wit and her anger working together, she at once calls
Claudio's accusation 'a goodly conte confect,' that is, a story made up,
and him a count confect,' that is, a nobleman of sugar candy ; for he
was plainly a pretty fellow and a dandy; and then she clenches the
nail that she has driven home by adding * a sweet gallant, surely !' This
sense of the passage ... is further evident from the inter-dependence of
the whole exclamation, * Surely a princely testimony, a goodly count,'
the first part of which would be strangely out of place if there were no
pun in the second. In Shakespeare's time the French title Count was
pronounced like conte or compte, meaning a fictitious story, a word which
was then in common use."

314. Courtesies. Mere forms of courtesy. Here both quarto and folio
have " cursies," which Halliwell believes to be an old form used only in
the sense of obeisance, or the outward manifestation of courtesy. Sec
on ii. i. 45 above. The curtsy was formerly used by men as well as
women. Cf. Rich. III. i. 3. 49 : " Duck with French nods and apish
courtesy ;" L. L. L. i. 2. 66 : "a new-devised courtesy ;" A. W. v. 3. 324:
" Let thy courtesies alone ; they are scurvy ones," etc.

315. Trim. The word, like proper (see on 304 above) is often used
ironically. Cf. L. L. L. v. 2. 363 : " Trim gallants ;" M. N. D. iii. 2. 157 :
" A trim exploit," etc. Ones= tongues ; such change from singular to
plural being not uncommon in Elizal3ethan English. Cf. Sonn. 78. 3 :

" As every alien pen hath got my use,

And under thee their poesie disperse ;"

where the plural in their and in the subject of disperse is implied in every
pen.

325. Engaged. Pledged ; that is, to challenge him.

SCENE II. Enter . . . in gowns. The gowns of constables are often
alluded to in writers of the time. Malone quotes The Blacke Booke,
1604: "when they mist their constable, and sawe the blacke gowne of
his office lye full in a puddle."

i. This speech is assigned to " Keeper" in the early eds. (see on ii. 3. 32
above), and " Kempe " is prefixed to most of the speeches of Dogberry
in the remainder of the scene, as " Cowley " or " Couley " is to those of
Verges. In line 4, however, we find "Andrew" a name that cannot be
identified with that of any comic actor of the time ; but perhaps, as Hal-
liwell suggests, it was the familiar appellation of some one of them.



160 NOTES.

5. Exhibition to examine. A blunder for "examination to exhibit"
(Steevens).

16-19. Yea sir . . . such villains. Found in the quarto, but omitted in
the folio. As Theo., who restored the passage to the text, remarks, " it
supplies a defect, for without it the town-clerk asks a question of the
prisoners, and goes on without staying for any answer to it." Blackstone
believes that the omission was made on account of the statute of James
I. forbidding the use of the name of God on the stage.

18. Defend. Forbid. See on ii. i. 81 above.

23. / will go about with him. "I will go to work with him, he shall
find his match in me " (Schmidt). See on i. 3. n above.

28. They are both in a tale. " They both say the same " (Schmidt).
"Dogberry had heard of getting at the truth by separate examination,
and sagaciously asking a question to which they could not but both give
the same answer, expresses his surprise at the failure of his wise experi-
ment. The humour of the observation is admirable" (Pye).

32. Eftest. Quickest, readiest (Boswell). Theo. changed it to " deft-
est," and Steevens thought that it was meant to be a blunder for that
word. Deftly occurs in Macb. iv. i. 68.

46. By the mass. Halliwell remarks that this oath was then go-
ing out of fashion, and is therefore appropriately put into the mouth
of Verges "a good old man, sir." Cf. Sir John Harrington, Epi-
grams ^ 1633 :

" In elder times an ancient custome was,
To sweare in weighty matters by the Masse ;
But when the Masse went downe (as old men note)
They swore then by the crosse of this same grote ;
And when the Crosse was likewise held in scorne,
Then, by their faith, the common oath was sworne.
Last, having sworne away all faith and troth,
Onely God-damne them is their common oath.
Thus custome kept decorum by gradation,
That losing Masse, Crosse, Faith, they find damnation."

58. Upon. In consequence of. See on iv. i. 221 above.
62. Let them, etc. The quarto reads : " Couley. Let them be in the
hands of coxcombe." The folio has "Sex. Let them be in the hands
of Coxcombe." Theo. retained the old text, but gave the speech to Con-
rade, as W. does. The reading in our text is Malone's, who also sug-
gested

" Verges. Let them be in the hands of
Conrade. Coxcomb!"

There is not much to choose between these two emendations. The
Camb. editors suggest that Let them be in the hands " may be the cor-
ruption of a stage-direction [Let them bind them~\ or [Let them bind their
hands]." The Coll. MS. gives

" Verges. Let them be bound.
Conrade. Hands off, coxcomb!"

66. Naughty. Formerly used in a much stronger sense than at present.
See M.ofV.ip. 152.

69. My years. Mr. Weiss (see p. 26 above), in quoting this passage,



ACT V. SCENE 7. !6i

gives "my ears," but as we can find no authority for that reading, we
take it to be a misprint ; Dogberry could hardly have confounded words
so familiar as years and ears.

75. Piece of flesh. Cf. A. Y. L. iii. 2. 68: "a good piece of flesh in-
deed !" T. N. i. 5. 30: " as witty a piece of Eve's flesh as any in lllyria ;"'
L. L. L. iii. I. 136 : " My sweet ounce of man's flesh !"

77. Losses. The Coll. MS. has "leases," and some one has suggested
" law-suits." The meaning seems to be, one that is " a rich fellow " still,
though he " hath had losses."



ACT V.

SCENE I. 7. Comforter. The quarto reading. The 1st folio has
"comfort," changed in the 2d into "comfort els."
7. Suit. Agree, coincide. Cf. 71 N. i. 2. 50 :

"I will believe them hast a mind that suits
With this thy fair and outward character.' '

10. Hanmer reads "speak to me;" but patience is a trisyllable, as in 19
below. Gr. 479.

12. Strain. Feeling (Schmidt). Ci.Sonn.qo. 13: "strains of woe ;"
T.and C. ii. 2. 154:

" Can it be

That so degenerate a strain as this
Should once set footing in your generous bosoms ?"

See also Cor. v. 3. 149, T. of A. iv. 3. 213, etc.

1 6. Bid sorrow) wag, etc. This is the great crux of the play. The quarto
and folio read : " And, sorrow, wagge, crie hem," etc. CapelPs emenda-
tion in the text is perhaps as satisfactory as any that has been proposed,
and is adopted by St., D., H., the Camb. editors, and others. Among the
others are " And sorrow wage ; cry hem " (Theo.) ; " And sorrow waive ;
cry hem " (Hanmer) ; " And ' sorrow, waggery ; hem, when " (Johnson) ;
" Cry, ' sorrow, wag ;' and hem " (also suggested by Johnson, and adopt-
ed by Steevens) ; " In sorrow wag ; cry hem " (Malone) ; " And sor-
row wag! cry hem" (D.) ; "Call sorrow joy, cry hem" (Coll. MS.) ;
" And sorrowing, cry hem " (Heath, followed by Halliwell) ; " And sor-
row's wag, cry hem" (W.), etc. Schmidt thinks that the old reading may
be explained thus : " and if sorrow, a merry droll, will cry hem," etc.



For wtfo-^begone, cf. M. W. i. 3. 7: "let them wag; trot, trot." See
also Id. ii. I. 238, ii. 3. 74, 101 ; and cf. T. A. v. 2. 87 :

" For well I wot the empress never wags
But in her company there is a Moor."

See also Ham. pp. 235, 265.

iS. Candle-wasters. Those who sit up late, " burning the midnight oil ;"
but whether in revelry, as Steevens explains it, or in study, as Whalley
suggests, has been matter of dispute. St. and D. adopt the former in-
terpretation ; but Schmidt favours the latter, making the passage

L



1 62 NOTES.

"drown grief with the wise saws of pedants and book-worms." Ingleby
also explains it, "drown one's troubles in study." Whalley quotes B. J.,
Cynthia's Revels, iii. 2 : " Spoiled by a whoreson book-worm, a candle-
waster." Lamp-wasters is similarly used in The Antiquary , iii.

23. Passion. Emotion, sorrow. Cf. Temp. i. 2. 392 : " Allaying both
their fury and my passion ;" L. L. L. v. 2. 118 : " passion's solemn tears,"
T. A. i. i. 106 : " A mother's tears in passion for her son," etc.

24. Preceptial medicine. The medicine of precept or counsel. Cf. i. 3.
II above : "a moral medicine."

28. Wring. Writhe ; as in Hen. V. iv. I. 253 :

" Whose sense no more can feel
But his own wringing ;"

and Cymb. iii. 6. 79 : " He wrings at some distress."

30. Moral. Ready to moralize. Cf. Lear. iv. 2. 58 : "a moral fool."
Schmidt makes it an adjective with this sense in A. Y. L. ii. 7. 29 :

" When I did hear

The motley fool thus moral on the time ;"
but it is more likely a verb = moralize.

32. Advertisement. Admonition, moral instruction (Johnson). Cf. A.
W. iv. 3. 240 : " that is an advertisement to a proper maid in Florence, one
Diana, to take heed ;" i Hen. IV. iv. i. 36 : " Yet doth he give us bold
advertisement." See also Baret, Alvearie, 1580: "A warning and ad-
monition, an advertisement, a counsaile, an advisement or instruction,
admonitw." So the verb counsel, instruct ; as in M.forM. \. 1.42, v. i.
388, and Hen. VIII. ii. 4. 178. Seymour explains the present passage :
"my griefs are too violent to be expressed in words."

37. The style of gods. Warb. thought this referred to " the extravagant
titles the stoics gave their wise men ;" but, as Steevens remarks, it means
simply " an exalted language, such as we may suppose would be written by
beings superior to human calamities." Cf. B. and F., Four Plays in One :

" Athens doth make women philosophers,
And sure their children chat the talk of gods."

38. Push. Rowe changed this to " pish," and Schmidt makes it an in-
terjection = " pshaw, pish ;" as in T. of A. iii. 6. 1 19 : " Push ! did you see
my cap ?" Boswell considers made a push at contended against, defied ;
and cites from L'Estrange, " Away he goes, makes his push, stands the
shock of battle," etc. ,i.push onset, attack, in J. C. v. 2. 5 : " And sud-
den push gives them the overthrow," etc.

Stifferance- ^ suffering ; as in Sonn. 58. 7, M. W. iv. 2. 2, 2 Hen. IV. v. 4.
28, T.and C.\. I. 28, etc.

46. Good den. See on iii. 2. 72 above.

55. Beshrew. A mild form of imprecation. See M. N. D. p. 152.

58. Fleer. Grin, sneer. Palsgrave defines it thus : " I flee re, I make
an yvell countenaunce with the mouthe by uncoveryng of the tethe." Cf.
R. and J. i. 5. 59 : " To fleer and scorn at our solemnity." See also L. L.
L. v. 2. 109 and J. C. i. 3. 117.

62. To thy head. Forby, in his East Anglian Vocabulary, says : " We
say, I told him so to his head y not to his face, which is the usual phrase."

64. Reverence. That is, the "privilege of age " mentioned just above,



ACT V. SCENE /. 163

65. Bruise of many days. Cf. 2 Hen. IV. iv. I. IOC: "the bruises of
the days before."

66. Trial of a man. Manly combat. For trial in this sense, cf. Rick.
II. i. i. 81, 151, i. 3. 99, iv. I. 56, 71, 90, 106, etc.

71. Framed. Devised, fabricated. C the use of the noun in iv. 1. 187
above.

75. Fence. Skill in fencing ; as in 84 just below. In 3 Hen. VI. iv. i.
44 ("fence impregnable") it means defence. Cf. the use of the verb-
defend, in Id. iii. 3. 98 : " fence the right."

76. May of youth. Cf. Hen. V. i. 2. 120 : "the very May-morn of his
youth."

Lustihood. Spirit, vigour. Cf. T. and C. ii. 2. 50 : "lustihood deject."
See also Spenser, F. Q. iii. 10. 45 : "All day they daunced with great
lusty-hedd ;" Shep. Kal. May : " In lustihede and wanton meryment ;"
Muiopotmos, 61 : " Yong Clarion, with vauntfull lustie-head," etc.

77. Away! I will not have to do with yoit. Here again Claudio's be-
haviour is unfeeling. " The prince, who is only an acquaintance of the
father Leonato, and his brother Antonio, nevertheless manifests a gentle-
manly consideration and even tenderness in their family disaster ; but
Claudio is wholly untouched by the anguish of the old men at the loss of
their child (she his own mistress too !) and at the stain upon their house.
He has no word of sympathy or commiseration ; he wraps himself up in
contempt of their aged and feeble defiance ; and immediately after they
have gone out, upon Benedick's entering, he jests upon the danger that


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