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These news. The quarto reading ; the folios have " this news."
S. uses the forms interchangeably.

138. Having been 'veil, etc. Such transposition of participial
clauses is not uncommon.

141. Streitgthless. Cf. V. and A. 153: "Two strengthless
doves ; " R. of L. 709 : " Strengthless pace," etc.

Buckle = bow, or bend. Cf. the Yankee expression, " buckle
down to it." Jonson uses the word in his Staple of News, ii. I : —

" And teach this body
To bend, and these my aged knees to buckle,
In adoration and just worship of you."

144. The first grief = pain ; as in i Hen. IV. i. 3. 51 and v. i.

134-

145. Nice. " Over-delicate, effeminate " (Qarke).

147. Quoif Cap, or hood ; as in W. T. iv. 4. 226.

148. Wanton. Luxurious. Cf. i Hen. IV. iii. i. 214: "the
wanton rushes," etc.

149. Flesh' d. "Made fierce and eager for combat, as a dog fed
with flesh only" (Schmidt). Cf. Hen. T. iii. 3. 11 : "the flesh'd
soldier," etc.



Scene I] Notes 1 77

151. Ragged' si. Roughest, wildest. Cf. A. V. L. ii. 5. 15 : "My
voice is ragged."

156. To feed contention, etc. "Where civil war drags out its
course in successive scenes" (Herford).

157. Cain. Cf. L. L. L. iv. 2. 36, K. John, iii. 4. 79, Rich. II.
V. 6. 43, I Hen. VI. i. 3. 39, and Ham. v. i. 85.

160. And daj'kness, etc. "The conclusion of this noble speech
is extremely striking. There is no need to suppose it exactly philo-
sophical ; darkness, in poetry, may be absence of eyes, as well as pri-
vation (if light. Yet we may remark that by an ancient opinion it
has been held that if the human race, for whom the world was
made, were extirpated, the whole system of sublunary nature would
cease " (Johnson).

Vaughan remarks : " Johnson did not fully apprehend the ima-
gery of this passage, in which there is no want of perfect and lit-
eral fidelity to the truth. Da)-kness here means objective darkness.
. . . The metaphor is one drawn from the stage on which trage-
dies are exhibited, as the words stage, act, and scene intimate ; and
it is perfectly sustained from beginning to end. He prays that the
world may become a stage for the exhibition, not of a prolonged
contention, but of such a truculent and furious death-struggle as
will quickly culminate in the catastrophe of a vast slaughter, and
that the dead lying on the ground may be buried out of sight by a
darkness which will envelop everything. It is certain that during
the performance the stage was artificially lighted, and the rest of
the theatre also ; and it is probable that these lights were extin-
guished immediately on the close of the performance. The parallel-
ism of the actual atrocity wished for to the tragical representation
by which it is illustrated is sustained into the darkness which ends
both."

161. Strained. Exaggerated, excessive.

163. Complices. Accomplices, confederates. Cf. Rich. II. ii. 3.
165, iii. I. 43, etc.

165. Perforce. Of necessity ; as in i. 3. 72 and iv. 5. 34 below.

2 HENKY IV — 12



lyS Notes [Act I

It often means by force. See on iv. i. Ii6 below. The remainder
of this speech is omitted in the quarto.

l66. Cast. Calculated. Cf. v. i. 21 below: "Let it be cast
and paid."

168. Make head. Raise an army. Cf. i Hen. IV. iii. i. 64: —

" Three times hath Henry Bolingbroke made head
Against my power," etc.

On head, cf. i. 3. 71 below. Presurniise = surmise or suspicion in
advance ; a word used by S. nowhere else.

169. Dole. Dealing, distribution. Elsewhere it is = share, por-
tion ; as in A. W. ii. 3. 176, etc.

170. On an edge. Cf. i Hen. IV. i. 3. 191 : —

" As full of peril and adventurous spirit
As to o'erwalk a current roaring loud
On the unsteadfast footing of a spear."

172. Advishl Well aware. Cf. T. of S. i. i. 191 : "But art
thou not advis'd," etc. (are you not aware, do you not understand,
etc.). Capable — susceptible ; as in K.John, ii. I. 476: "capable
of this ambition;" Id. iii. i. 12: "capable of fears," etc.

174. Trade. Activity, lively interchange. Cf. Hen. VIII. v. I.
36 : " Stands in the gap and trade of more preferments " (that is,
in the common course of preferment).

177. Stiff-borne. Obstinately carried on.

180. Engaged (0 this loss. That is, bound or tied to it (Schmidt) ;
involved in it. Malone cites I Hen. IV. iii. 2. 98 : " more worthy
interest to the state."

184. Choked the respect of. Did away with our regard for, made
us indifferent to. For respect — consideration, regard, cf. K.John,
iii. I. 90, AF. of V.\. I. 74, etc,

189-209. The gentle Archbishop . . . follow him. These lines
are omitted in the quarto.

190. Poivers. Forces. Cf. the use of the singular in 133 above.



Scene II] Notes 1 79

192. Corpse. Plural ; as in I Hen. IV. i. I. 43. See p. 155
above.

196, Queasiness. Nausea, distaste ; used by S. only here.

197. T/taL So that ; as in iv. I. 216 below.

201. Religion. A quadrisyllable. See on ind. 26 above. Turns
insurrection to religion — makes rebellion seem a sacred duty.

204. Enlarge his rising. Extend his insurrection, increase the
number of his followers. With — by ; as often.

205. Poinfret. Alluding to Pomfret Castle, where, according to
S., Richard was murdered.

207. Bestride. That is, in defence of one fallen. Cf. i Hen.

IV. V. I. 122: "Hal, if thou see me down in the battle, and be-
stride me, so," etc.

209. More and less. High and low. Cf. I Hen. IV. iv. 3. 68:
" The more and less came in with cap and knee," etc.
213. Aptest. See on 69 above.

Scene H. — l. What says the doctor, etc. "The method of
investigating diseases by the inspection of urine only was once so
much the fashion that Linacre, the founder of the College of Physi-
cians, formed a statute to restrain apothecaries from carrying the
water of their patients to a doctor, and afterwards giving medi-
cines in consequence of the opinions they received concerning it "
(Steevens). Bosvvell remarks: "The same impudent quackery is
carried on at this day." For the playful use oi giant, cf. T. N. i.
5. 218, where it refers to the petite Maria.

4. Owed. Owned ; as very often.

6. Gird. Gibe, jeer. Cf. Cor. i. i. 260: "Being mov'd, he
will not spare to gird the gods." We find the noun in T. of S.

V. 2. 58 and I Hen. VI. iii. I. 131.

15. Mandrake. The forked root of this plant was supposed to
resemble the human form.

17. Agate. Alluding to the figures cut in agates used for seals,
etc. Cf. L. L. L. ii. I. 236: "His heart, like an agate, with your



i8o Notes [Act I

print impress'd;" Much Ado, iii. i. 65: "If low, an agate very
vilely cut," etc.

19. Juvenal. Youth ; a word used elsewhere in S. only l)y
Armado ( L. L. L. i. 2. S, iii. i. 67) and Flute (J/. N. D. iii. i.

97)-

23. Face-royal. Playing on the double sense of a royal or

kingly face and the profile stamped on the coin called a royal —

the subject of many old puns.

25. For a barber, e-tz. "The poet seems to mean that a barber
can no more earn sixpence by his face-royal than by the face
stamped on the coin ; the one requiring as little shaving as the
other" (Steevens). Mason explains it better: "if nothing be
taken out of a royal, it will remain a royal as it was."

31. Slops. Loose breeches. Cf. R. and J. ii. 4. 47, Aluch Ado,
iii. 2. 36, etc.

34. Band. Bond; as in I I/en. IV. iii. 2. 157, etc.

36. His tongue be hotter. Alluding to the rich man in the
parable (^Luke, xvi. 24).

Achitophel. Ahithophel, the counsellor of Absalom, cursed by
David (2 Samuel, xv. 31).

37. A rascally, yea-forsooth knave. A vulgar Puritan. The
mild quality of citizen oaths is here again alluded to (see i Hen.
IV. iii. I. 252 fob), and excites no less disgust in Falstaff than in
Hotspur.

To bear a gentleman in hand. That is, to keep him in expecta-
tion, flatter him with false hopes. Cf. Aluch Ado, iv, i. 305, Macb.
iii. I. 81, etc.

39. Smooth-pates. " A synonym for the later and more histori-
cal name roundheads''"' (Vaughan).

41. If a man, etc. " If a man does his utmost in borrowing, or
rather if a man condescends to borrow, in an honourable manner"
(Schmidt). Pope changed through to " thorough." For take up
= obtain on trust, cf. Much Ado, iii. 3. 191, etc.

42. Had as lief. Good English then as now.



Scene II] Notes l8l

44. Looked. Expected. Cf. Sonn.' 22. 4 : " Then look I death
my days should expiate." See also Jiich. II. i. 3. 243, Hen. VIII.
V. I. 118, etc.

47. Horn. There is an allusion to the horn of the cuckold, and
also to the use of horn instead of glass in lanterns, with a play on
lightness (= wantonness), for which cf. L. L. L. v. 2. 19 fol., M.
of V.y. I. 130, etc. Steevens cites The Two Maids of Moreclacke,
1609 : —

" your wrongs
Shine through the horn, as candles in the eve,
To light out others."

Vaughan observes that the old spelling of lanthorti (as in the
quarto) favours the joke, it having arisen out of the notion that
the article took its name from the horn used for its sides.

53. In Paul's. That is, in Old St. Paul's Cathedral, which was
a place of daily resort for the idle and unemployed, as well as for
the man of business. Reed quotes The Choice of Change, 1598:
" a man must not make choyce of three things in three places.
Of a wife in Westminster ; of a servant in Paules ; of a horse in
Smithfield ; lest he chuse a queane, a knave, or a jade." Malone
adds from Osborne, Memoirs of James I. : " It was the fashion in
those times ... for the principal gentry, lords, courtiers, and men
of all professions, not merely mechanicks, to meet in St. Paul's
church by eleven, and walk in the middle aisle till twelve, and
after dinner from three to six ; during which time some discoursed
of business, others of news. Now, in regard of the universal com-
merce — there happened little that did not first or last arrive here."
Before the introduction of newspapers, notices and advertisements
were often posted on the pillars in this church. Blakeway quotes
the letter of a servant in Harl. MS. 2050: "for yf . . . I sett my
bill in Paules, in one or two dayes I cannot want a servisse." Cf.
Nash, Pierce Pennilesse : "the masterlesse men, that sette up their
bills in Paules for services." In Ben Jonson's Every Man oiit of
his Humour, the scene through the chief part of act iii. is laid in



1 82 Notes [Act I

Paul's, and the action is in keeping with these descriptions of the
habits of the place. Cf. Kick. III. iii. 6. i : —

" This is the indictment of the good lord Hastings ;
Which in a set hand fairly is engross'd
That it may be this day read over in Paul's."

Bought is here = hired.

56. The nobleman, etc. Sir William Gascoigne, Chief-Justice of
the King's Bench. See also on v. 2. 113 below.

84. / had lied in my throat. "The lie in the throat was a lie
uttered deliberately ; the lie in the teeth was one for which some
excuse was allowed on the ground of its having proceeded from
haste or some palliating cause."

90. Grows to me. Is an essential part of me.

91. Thou wert better. It were better for thee.

92. You hunt counter. You are on the wrong scent, you are at
fault. The folio has " Hunt-counter," which is followed hy some
of the modern eds, Johnson defines hunt-counter as " blunderer,"
and Ritson as " worthless dog." Turbervile, in his Booke of Hunt-
ing, says : " When a hound hunteth backwards the same way that
the chase is come, then we say he hunteth counter." Cf C. of E.
iv. 2. 39 : "a hound that runs counter ; " and Ham. iv. 5. 1 10 :
" O, this is counter, you false Danish dogs ! "

no. Whoreson. "Applied not only to persons, but -to any
thing, as a term of reproach or ludicrous dislike, and sometimes
(as in the language of Doll Tearsheet) used even in a tone of
coarse tenderness" (Schmidt). Cf. ii. 4. 189 and 197 below.

116. What tell you, etc. Why tell you, etc. See on ind. 20
above.

117. It original. This old possessive it is- used fourteen times by
S., seven of them being in the phrase it own. In the next clause,
in his effects, we have the usual his = its.

122. Very well, etc. This speech in the quarto has the prefix
"Old." See p. 10 above.



Scene II] Notes 183

125. To punish you by the keels. Schmidt makes this = "to
set you in the stocks ; " but Clarke quotes Lord Campbell: "To
iay by the heels was the technical expression for committing to
prison, and I could produce from the Reports various instances of
its being so used by distinguished judges from the bench." Cf.
Hen. VIII. V. 4. 83. The reply of Falstaft" seems to show that
imprisonment is referred to here.

136. Advised by my learned counsel. As Clarke remarks, Fal-
staff had good legal ground for not coming. Being engaged on
military service under the king's order, he was not bound to
answer the summons of the Chief-Justice.

148. The fellow with the great belly. Probably an allusion to
some well-known blind beggar of the time who was led by his dog.

152. For your quiet & er-posting. For your getting easily clear
of.

160. A wassail candle. "A large candle lighted up at a feast.
There is a poor quibble upon the word wax, which signifies
increase as well as the matter of the honey-comb" (Johnson).
Steevens notes that a similar play occurs in L. L. L. v. 2. 10:
"That was the way to make his godhead wax." For wassail ( =
drinking-bout, carousal), cf. L. L. L. v. 2. 318: "wakes and was-
sails ; " and Ham. i. 4. 9 : " keeps wassail."

164. Gravy. " Falstaff's reply has an interest besides its waggish-
ness, as showing that gravity was pronounced grave-ity, preserving
the sound of its root ; else his joke would have been no joke at
all " (White).

166. ///. The folio has "evil" ("euill"), which White says is
"an epithet much better suited to angel than ill;'" but compare
" ill spirit " in Temp. i. 2. 458 and/. C. iv. 3. 289.

Angel, A play upon the name of the coin ; as in Much Ado, ii.
3. 35 and M. W. i. 3. 60.

169. I cannot go, I cajtnot tell. Probably there is a play on go
and tell in the senses of "pass current" and "count as good
money."



1 84 Notes [Act I

171. These costermonger times. "These times when the preva-
lence of trade has produced that meanness that rates the merit of
every tiling I)y money" (Johnson).

172. Bear-herd. One wlio leads about a tame ijear as a show.
Cf. Much Ado, ii. i. 43, 7'. 0/ S. ind. 2. 21, etc.

Pregnancy. Ready wit ; the only instance of the noun in S.
Cf. the use of the adjective mHam.W. 2. 212: " How pregnant
sometimes his replies are ! "

177. The heat of our livers. For the liver as the seat of animal
passion, cf. i Hen. IV. ii. 4. 355, Temp. iv. i. 56, M. of V.\. i. 81,
etc. See also v. 5. 31 below.

178. Vaxuard. Literally = vanguard, as in Hen. F. iv. 3. 130;
here used metaphorically, as in M. N. D. iv. i. iio : "the vavvard
of the day."

185. Your ivit single. That is, simple or silly. Singh is thus
used only in quibbling (Schmidt). Cf. Cor. ii. i. 40: "your helps
are many, or else your actions would grow wondrous single."
Clarke remarks here: "That the Chief-Justice should use the
epithet single here to express simple affords a notable instance of
Falstaff' s being ' the cause that wit is in other men ; ' and that his
lordship should apply the epithet single to Falstaff's 7vit is as nota-
ble a token of how thoroughly the knight's imperturbable humour
has power to put him out of humour ; just as, later in the play, he
loses his temper so utterly as to call Falstaff 'a gxez.t fool ! ' "

186. Antiquity. Old age; as in Sonn. 62. 10, 108. 12, A. Y. L.
iv. 3. 106, and A. IV. ii. 3. 220.

190. Something a. A somewhat. Somethi jig \% ohen used ad-
verbially ; as in M. of V. \. I. 124, 129, ii. 2. 18, 194, etc.
192. Approve. Prove ; as in 161 above.
196. Have at him. That is, I am ready for the trial.
198. Checked. Reproved ; as in iii. i. 68 below.
200. Old sack. Cf. Sir John Harington, Epigrams : —

" Sackcloth and cinders they advise to use ;
Sack, cloves, and sugar thou wouldst have to chuse."



Scene III] Notes 1 85

210. Look you pray, etc. That is, take care that you pray, etc.
Cf. K.John, iv. I. i, Hen. V. ii. 4. 49, etc.

215. Spit wliite. A perplexing expression. Clarke says :" Reck-
oned a sign of thirst ; which Falstaff, with his relish for wine,
desires to feel, as giving anticipatory zest. Spungius, in Massinger's
Virgin Martyr, says, ' Had I been a pagan still, I should not have
spit white for want of drink.' " Furnivall quotes Batman iippon
Bartholonie, ed. 1582: " If the spettle be white viscus, the sick-
nesse commeth of fleame ; if black, of melancholy. . . . The whitte
spettle not knottie, signiiieth health." Perhaps this last sentence
is the key to the puzzle.

217. Well, I cannot last ever. The remainder of the speech is
omitted in the folios.

228. Pound. Often plural with numerals.

230. To bear crosses. Another quibble from the venerable
Chief-Justice. He plays upon cross, which often meant a coin
stamped with a cross. Cf. A. V. L. ii. 4. 12: "I should bear no
cross if I did bear you ; for I think you have no money in your
purse." See also L. L. L. i. 2. 36.

232. Fillip me zuith a three-i)ian beetle. It was a common sport
with Warwickshire boys to put a toad on one end of a short board
placed across a small log, and then to strike the other end with a
bat, thus throwing the creature high in the air. This was called
filliping the toad. A three-man beetle is a heavy rammer with
'three handles used in driving piles, requiring three men to wield it.
Such a beetle would be needed iot filliping a weight like Falstaff's.

247. Colour. Pretext, excuse for my halting, or lameness. Cf.
V. 5. 86 below.

249. Commodity. Profit, advantage. Cf. Lear, iv. i. 23: —

" our mere defects
Prove our commodities."

Scene III. — 7. Ln our means. With the means we have.

8. To look, etc. That is, to present a sufficiently bold front.



1 86 Notes [Act I

Cf. the use of look big (= look boldly or threateningly) in T. of S.
iii. 2. 230, VV. T. iv. 3. 113, i lien. IV. iv. i. 58, etc.

9. Puissance. Used as a dissyllable or a trisyllable, according
to the measure. Cf. 77 below.

10. Our present musters grow upon the file. That is, " the muster
file amounts" {A. IV. iv. 3. 189).

12. Supplies. Reinforcements ; as in K.fohn, v. 3. 9, v. 5. 12,
I Hen. IV. iv. 3. 3, etc. See also 28 below.

14. Incensed. Kindled, blazing.

22. The/ne. Matter, business. Cf. Ham. v. I. 289: " I will
fight with him upon this theme," etc.

24. Incertain. Used by S. interchangeably with uncertain.

27. Lin^d. Strengthened, sustained. Cf. I //^w. /F. ii. 3. 86 :
" To line his enterprise." See also Hen. V. ii. 4. 7, Macb. i. 3.
112, etc.

28. Eating the air, etc. Cf. Ham. iii. 2. 99 : "I eat the air,
promise-crammed ; " alluding, as here, to " the chameleon's dish."

29. In project of a power, c^z. That is, with expectations of a
force which proved to be much smaller, etc.

31. Imagination. Metrically six syllables. See on ind. 26
above, and cf. t,2> ^"d 65 below.

32. Proper to. Appropriate to, belonging to. Cf. y. C i. 2. 41 :
" Conceptions only proper to myself;" Ham.W. i. 114: "proper
to our age," etc.

;^2,- IVinking. Shutting his eyes. Cf. R. of L. 458, 553, Sonn.
43. I, K. John, ii. I. 215, etc. See also the use of the noun 7uink
in Temp. ii. i. 285 and IV. T. i. 2. 317.

36-55. Yes, in . . . or else. Omitted in the quarto. In the
folio, the passage begins thus : —

" Yes, if this present quality of warre,"
Indeed the instant action: a cause on foot,
Liues so in hope : As in an early Spring," etc.

This is unquestionably corrupt, and it may be that something has
been lost from the text. Of the various attempts to mend it.



Scene III] Notes 1 87

Malone's is perhaps the most satisfactory, as it certainly is the
simplest. White, who also adopts it, paraphrases the opening
Hnes as follows : " Yes, in this present quality, function, or business
of war, it is harmful to lay down likelihoods, etc. Indeed this very
action or affair — a cause on foot^ — -is no more hopeful of fruition
than the buds of an unseasonably early spring."

39. IVhich to prove frtiiL And that these will become fruit.
For the construction, cf. A. V. L. v. 4. 171 : —

" This to be true
I do engage my life."

See also C. of E. v. i. 11.

42. Model. Plan. Cf. Much Ado, i. 3. 48, Rich. III. v. 3. 24,
etc.

47. Itt fewer offices. With fewer apartments. (9^i-f5 was espe-
cially applied to the servants' quarters in a house. At least, as
Clarke suggests, may here be — " at worst, supposing the least
advantageous prospect."

52. Consent. Agree; as in ^. F.Z. v. 1.48: " all your writers
do consent that ipse is he," etc.

54. Hozu able sucli a work, etc. Vaughan remarks : " Two con-
structions are admissible. First, ' how far such a property is able to
bear a work that will counterpoise the work opposed to it, or the
opposition to be brought against it.' Such frequently refers in S.
to the party, person, or quality last spoken of. The second con-
struction is, ' how far our estate is able to bear the expense of such
a work as will counterpoise that which is opposed to it.' The
ellipse of as under such circumstances is not rare." I prefer, as he
does, the latter explanation. Cf. i Hen. IV. ii. 3. 13: "and your
whole plot too light for the counterpoise of so great an opposi-
tion."

55. Opposite. Opponent ; as in i v. i. 16 below.

56. In paper. On paper ; a common use of in.

60. Cost. Put for that on which the money has been spent, or
the costly building.



1 88 Notes [Act I

62. Churlish. Rough, rude. Cf. ^. F. Z. ii. i. 7 : "And churlish
chiding of the winter's wind."
67. Equal with. Cope with.

71. Against the French. During this rebellion, a French army
of twelve thousand men landed at Milford Haven, in Wales, for the
aid of Glendower (Steevens).

72. Perforce. Of necessity. See on i. i. 165 above.

73. Take up. Encounter, cope with ; as in Cor. iii. i. 244: —

" I could myself
Take up a brace o' the best of them," etc.

Unfirm. Cf. T. N. ii. 4. 34, /. C. i. 3. 4, R. and J. v. 3. 6, etc.
S. also uses infirm ; as in Macb. ii. 2. 52, etc. See on 24 above.

76. Strengths. For the concrete use, cf. K.fohn, ii. i. 388:
" your united strengths," etc.

77. Puissance. Here a trisyllable. See on 9 above.

80. Baying him. Chasing him, driving him to bay. Cf. M.
N. D. iv. I. 118: —

" When in a wood of Crete they bay'd the bear
With hounds of Sparta ; "

andy. C. iii. i. 204: " Here wast thou bay'd, brave hart."

81. Like. Likely; as often. Cf. yl/. (?/F. ii. 7. 49 : " Is 't like
that lead contains her ? "

82. Duke of Lancaster. Prince John of Lancaster. Later he
was made Duke of Bedford (see Hen. V.), but he was never Duke
of Lancaster.

85-108. Let tis on, etc. This speech is omitted in the quarto.

91. Fond. Foolish ; the commonest meaning of the word in S.
Douce considers many to be = meytiy, from-the Fr. mcsnie ; but it
is probably nothing more than the adjective used as a noun and
personified.

94. Trimin\i in thine own desires. A peculiar expression, ap-
parently = trimmed up (the 2d, 3d, and 4th folios read " trimm'd



Scene IJ Notes 1 89

up ") in the things thou desiredst. Cf. Rich. Ill, iv. 3. 34 : " and
be inheritor of thy desire."

102. Enainour'd on. Cf. i Hen. IV. v. 2. 70, etc.

103. That threw' St dust, etc. Cf. Rich. II. v. 2. 30: "But dust
was thrown upon his sacred head."

109. Di'aiv. Draw together, assemble ; as in K. John, iv. 2.
113, Cymb. iii. 5. 25, etc. Set on = set out, march ; as often.



ACT II



Scene I. — 3. Yeoman. Under-bailiff, or sheriff's officer.

16. Foin. Thrust; a fencing term. Cf. AI. IV. ii. 3. 24: "To
see thee fight, to see thee foin ;" Much Ado, v. i. 84 : "I '11 whip
you from your foining fence," etc. See also ii. 4. 193 below.

22. Vice. Figuratively = grasp.

24. hifiiiitive. Mrs. Quickly 's " derangement of epitaphs " needs
no special comment.

26. Saving your manhoods. An expression used also by Fluellen
{Hen. V. iv. 8. 36) and = saving your honour, ox your reverence.

28. Lubber'' s-head. That is, Libbard's-head. For libbard ( =
leopard), cf. L. L. L. v, 2. 551 : "With libbard's head on knee."
Lumbert = Lombard.

30. Exion. Elsewhere (as in i above) we find action in the
dame's talk ; but, as Clarke remarks, this is in accordance with
Shakespeare's mode of indicating these peculiarities of diction.

32. A long one. " The hostess means to say that a hundred
mark is a long mark, that is, score, reckoning, for her to bear.
The use of mark in the singular number in familiar language (cf.
pound in i. 2. 209 above) admits very well of this equivoque "
(Douce).

34. Fubbed off. Put off with false excuses. Fid) is the same


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