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Shakespeare's history of King Henry the Fourth (Volume 2) online

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word z'i fob — delude, trick, which some substitute here. Cf. Cor,
i. I. 97, etc.



i^o Notes [Act II

39. I^Talmsey-vose. Cf. red-nose in I Hen. IV. iv. 2. 51. ATalm-
sey wine is mentioned in L. L, L. v, 2. 233 and Rich. III. i. 4. 161,
277.

47. Channel. Gutter; as in 3 i%«. VI. \\. 2. 141: "As if a
channel should be call'd the sea."

50. Honeysuckle. Homicidal ; as honey-seel (and hemp-seed
just below) is homicide. Man-queller, for man-killer or man-
slayer, is an archaism rather than a blunder. Achilles calls Hec-
tor a "boy-queller " in T. and C. v. 5. 45.

57. IVoo^t. Wouldst ; a provincial contraction. Q.i. Ham.s, \,
298: "Woo't weep? woo't fight?" etc.

59. Away, etc. This speech is given to " Boy " in the quarto,
and to " Page " in the 1st and 2d folios ; the later folios assign it to
Falstaff, to whom it probably belongs.

Ratnpallian is found as a term of reproach in Beaumont and
Fletcher, Greene, and other writers of the time. Fustilarian,
which Schmidt is inclined to connect with fustian and Sleevens
with the \j&.\.rn fustis, a club, is more probably ixovn fusty, as Malone
and Nares give it. Fustilugs was a contemptuous appellation for
a very fat person. Ci. funius, 1639: "You may daily see such
fustilugs walking in the streets, like so many tuns, each moving on
two pottlepots."

62. Good my lord, be good to me. The same expression occurs
in M. for M. iii. 2. 203. Good = favourable, propitious.

64. What are, etc. Why are, etc. See on ind. 20 above.

76. The mare. That is, the nightmare.

79. Exclatnation. Outcry against you. Cf. K. fohn, ii. i. 558,
Rich. III. iv. 4. 153, etc.

82. Marry, if thou wert, etc. Coleridge, in his Essay on Method,
has given this speech as an example of " the absence of method
which characterizes the uneducated, occasioned by an habitual
submission of the understanding to mere events and images as
such, and independent of any power in the mind to classify or
appropriate them. The general accompaniments of time and



Scene I] Notes loi

place are the only relations which persons of this class appear to
regard in their statements."

84. Parcel-gilt. Part-gilt, or gilt on the embossed portions.
Steevens quotes from the books of the Stationers' Company, in the
list of their plate, 1560: "Item, nine spoynes of silver, whereof
vii gylte and ii parcell-gylte." The same records contain fifty
instances to the same purpose. Of these spoons the saint or other
ornament on the handle was the only part gilt. Holinshed, de-
scribing Wolsey's plate, says : " and in the council-chamber was
all white and parcel-gilt plate." Langham says of a; bride-cup
that it was " foormed of a sweet sucket barrel, a faire turned foot
set too it, all seemly besylvered and parcel-gilt."

Dolphin-chainber. On the custom of giving names to particular
rooms in taverns, cf. " Half-moon " and " Pomgarnet " in i Hen.
IV. ii. 4. 30, 42.

86. Wheeson. Whitsun. The folio has " Whitson ; " but the
corruption is characteristic, like " Peesel " for Pistol in ii. 4. 126
below.

87. Liking his father. For like = liken, cf. I Heji. VI. iv. 6. 48:
" And like me to the peasant boys of France."

90. Keech. The word meant a lump of fat rolled up by the
butcher for the chandler. For the personal application, cf. Hen.
VIII. i. I. 55, where Woisey is so designated.

92. Mess. " The common term for a small portion of any thing
belonging to the kitchen" (Steevens). Cf. 0th. iv. i. 211: "I
will chop her into messes."

119. Current. Genuine; suggested by the ^/^;//«^ in 1 18.

120. Sneap. Snubbing, reprimand; the only instance of the
noun in S. For the verb, cf. \V. T. i. 2. 13 and L. L. L.\. i. 100.

122. Make courtesy. In Shakespeare's day the form of obeisance
known as courtesy or curtsy was used by men as well as women.
Cf. R. of L. 1338: "The homely villain court'sies to her low,"
etc.

125. I do desire deliverance, etc. " Falstaff claimed the protec-



192 Notes [Act II

tion legally called quia profecturiis {%z& Co/ee upon Littleton, 130 a).
This is one of the many examples of Shakespeare's somewhat inti-
mate acquaintance with legal forms and phrases" (Knight).

128. In the effect of your reputation. " In a manner suitable to
your character" (Johnson).

141. Glasses, glasses, etc. Steevens remarks: "Mrs. Quickly is
here in the same state as the Earl of Shrewsbury, who, not having
been paid for the diet, etc., of Mary Queen of Scots while she was
in his custody, in 1580, writes as follows to Thomas Bradewyn : 'I
wold have you bye me glasses to (h-ink in: Send me word what
olde plat yeldes the ounce, for I wyll not leve me a cuppe of syl-
vare to drink, but I wyll see the next terme my creditors payde.' "

142. Drollery. Apparently = a humorous painting. In Temp.
iii. 3. 21, it may have the same sense, or = a puppet-show, as Nares
explains it.

The Prodigal. Cf. M. IV. iv. 5. 8: "There 's his chamber . . .
't is painted about with the story of the Prodigal, fresh and new."

143. The German hunting. " Hunting subjects were much in
favour for the decoration of interiors ; and the chase of the wild
boar in Germany would naturally form a spirited scene" (Clarke).
Cf. Cymd. ii. 5. 16: "Like a fuU-acorn'd boar, a German one."
In water-ivork = in water-colours. This style of painting was
done upon the walls (see Gentleman's Magazine, 1833, p. 393),
like the modern frescos, and must not be confounded with the
" painted cloth " hangings, which were done in oil.

144. Bed-hangings. Falstaff calls them so in contempt, as fitter
to make curtains than to hang walls (Johnson).

146. Humours. Caprices ; as in ii. 3. 30 below,

147. Wash thy face. Tiie poor dame has been crying. Draw
= withdraw ; as in 3 Hen. VI. v. i. 25, etc..

152. Nobles. The noble was a gold coin, worth 6j. 8(/. Cf.
Rich. II. i. I. 88, Hen. V. ii. i. 112, 119, etc.

184. Being you are. It being the case that you are, since you
are. Cf. Much Ado, iv. i. 251 : " Being that I flow in grief," etc.



Scene II] Notes 1 93

191. Tap for tap. That is, tit for tat ; referring to his retalia-
tion of the Justice's inattention to his questions.

193. Lighten. Enlighten; as in Hen. VIII. ii. 3. 79: "a gem
to lighten all this isle." Vaughan thinks there may be a play on
lighten ; but the Chief-Justice is too much out of temper for a pun
here. See on i. 2. 1S5 above.

Scene II. — i. Before God. The folio substitutes "Trust me ; "
as it omits Faith in 4 just below.

3. Attached. Seized. Cf. Temp. iii. 3. 5 : " Who am myself
attach'd with weariness."

4. Discolours the complexion, etc. That is, makes me blush.

8. Studied. Studious, inclined. Cf. A. and C. ii. 6. 48 : " well
studied for a liberal thanks," etc.

9. Belike. As it seems, very likely; as in M. N. D. i. i. 130,
Ham. iii. 2. 149, 305, etc.

20. When thou kecpest not racket there. "Showing that racket-
players usually played in their shirt-sleeves ; so that when Master
Poins's stock of linen was worn out, he could not frequent the
tennis-court, because he could not take off his coat at the game "
(Clarke). That shirts were expensive in the time of S. is evident
from I Hen. IV. iii. 3. 82 fol.

22. Holland. That is, Holland linen ; with a play on the
word. Cf. the passage in I Hen. IV. just quoted. The remainder
of this speech is omitted in the folios.

23. Bawl out. That is, bawl out from. Cf. Cor. v. 2. 41 :
"when you have pushed out your gates the defender of them."
The reference is to Poins's children wrapped up in his old shirts.

33. Stand the push. Stand the thrust. Cf. i Hen. IV. iii.
2.66.

35, Marry. The quarto spells it " Mary," which was the origin
of the oath ; and the folio changes it to " Why."

42. The deviPs book. Alluding to the old belief that the devil
had a register of the persons who were subject to him.
2 HENRY IV — 13



194 Notes [Act II

43. Persistency. That is, in evil. S. uses the word nowhere else.

46. Ostentation. Outward show. Cf. Much Ado, iv. i. 207: "a
mourning ostentation."

54. Accites. Perhaps, as Schmidt considers it, a misprint for
"excites," which the 3d folio substitutes. Accite (= cite, sum-
mon) occurs in v. 2. 141 below; also in T. A. i. i. 27.

56. Lewd. Referring in a general way to his low tastes and
associations, not = licentious. Cf. T. of S. iv. 3. 65, Rich. III.
i. 3. 61, etc.

57. Engraffed to. Attached to, intimate with. Cf. enrooted in
iv. I. 207 below. For graff = graft, see v. 3. 2 below, and cf.
misgraffed'xw M. N. D.'\. I. 137.

62. A proper fellow of my hands. " A handsome fellow of my
size" (Mason). For proper, cf. llehreivs, xi. 23. It would seem
from the context that the term here implied something of con-
tempt. Vaughan remarks : " Possibly a proper man of his hands
was a phrase often made use of to introduce qualifications dis-
creditable to the object of them; as in Holinshed, for instance:
'a good man of his hands (as we call him), but perverse of mind,
and very deceitful.' "

67. Transformed him ape. Elsewhere in S. the verb is followfed
by to or into.

69. Most noble Bardolph. A sportive response. Cf. J/, of V.
ii. 9. 86 and Rich. II. v. 5. 67.

73. Red lattice. An alehouse window. Cf. M. IV. ii. 2. 28 :
" your red-lattice phrases ; " that is, your alehouse talk. In a note
on the latter passage Steevens quotes llie Miseries of Inforc'd
Marriage, 1607: " 't is treason to the red lattice, enemy to the
signpost." Malone cites Braithwaite, Strapado for the Divell,
1615: "Monsieur Bacchus, master-gunner of tlie pottle-pot ord-
nance, prime founder of red lattices ; " and Douce adds, from the
Blacke Booke, 1604: "watched sometimes ten hours together in
an ale-house, ever and anon peeping forth, and sampling thy nose
with the red Lattis."



Scene II] Notes 195

78. Profited. Become proficient ; that is, under Falstaff 's train-
ing. Cf. Temp. i. 2. 172: —

" and here
Have I, thy schoolmaster, made thee more profit
Than other princess can."

See also M. W. iv. i. 15, T. of S. iv. 2. 6, etc.

80. Althaa^s dream. S. here confounds Althaea's firebrand
with Hecuba's (Johnson). The former is correctly referred to in
2 Hen. VI. i. i. 234: "As did the fatal brand Althiea burn'd."
Clarke believes that the poet intended that the boy should blun-
der ; but it is more likely that he was forgetful himself, as in
sundry other mythological allusions.

88. Cankers. Canker-worms ; as in AT. N. D. ii. 2. 3 : " Some
to kill cankers in the musk-rose buds."

96. Alartletnas. Martinmas, or the feast of St. Martin, the nth
of November. It was considered the close of autumn, and the
word probably has here the same significance as " AU-hallown
summer" in I Hen. IV. i. 2. 178. "But," as Clarke remarks,
" there are so many allusions to ' Martlemas beef ' in writers of
Shakespeare's time — Martinmas being the season for salting,
smoking, and hanging beef as winter provision — that it is very
likely Prince Hal's name of Martlemas for Sir John may include
this meaning also, since he elsewhere calls him ' my sweet beef^
(i Hen. IV. iii. 3. 199)."

loi. This wen. " This swoln excrescence of a man " (Johnson).

no. Borrower'' s. The early eds. have " borrowed." The emen-
dation is due to Warburton, who remarks : " a man that goes to
borrow money is of all others the most complaisant ; his cap is
always at hand." Cf. T. of A. ii. i. 18 : —

" Importune him for my moneys; be not ceas'd
With slight denial, nor then silenc'd when —
' Commend me to your master ' — and the cap
Plays in the right hand, thus — but tell him
My uses cry to me," etc.



196



Notes [Act II



118. Romajis. Some suppose the reference to be to Marcus
Brutus, and others have thought that Julius Qx^sar is meant.

131. Twenty. Warburton sagely asks: "Why just twenty,
when the letter contained above eight times twenty?" This is
as good in its way as Judge Holmes's putting the use of tiucnty
as an " expletive " among his " parallelisms " of expression in
Bacon and Shakespeare.

Steevens says : " Robert Green, the pamphleteer, indeed, obliged
an apparitor to eat his citation, wax and all. In the play of Sir
John Oldcastle, the Sumner is compelled to do the like, and says
on the occasion, 'I'll eat my word.' Harpoole replies, 'I meane
you shall eate more than your own word, I'll make you eate all the
words in the processe.' "

141. Frank. Sty; used by S. only here, but the verb (= to
shut up in a sty) occurs in Rick. III. i. 3. 314 and iv. 5, 3.

144. Ephesians. Jolly companions ; a cant term of that day,
like Corinthian in i Hen. IV. ii. 4. 13. Cf. M. IV. iv. 5. 19: "it
is thine host, thine Ephesian, calls."

159. Bestow. Deport, behave. Cf. A. Y. L. iv. 3. 87, K.John,
iii. I. 225, etc.

161. Leathern jerkins. Commonly worn by vintners. Cf. i
Hen. IV. ii. 4. 77.

163. Declension. Decline, degradation. Cf. Rich. III. iii. 7.
189 and Ham. ii. 4. 149.

Scene III. — 11. Endeared. Bound; as in T. oj A. i. 2. 233
and iii. 2. 36.

17. For. As for, as regards; especially common at the begin-
ning of a sentence. Cf. Ham. i. 2. 112, i. 5. 139, etc. 77^1? God
of heaven is changed in the folio to " may heavenly glory."

21. The glass, etc. Cf. Ham. iii. i. 161 : "The glass of fashion
and the mould of form ; " Hen. V. ii. chor. 6 : " the mirror of all
Christian kings," etc.

23-45. He had . . . grave. Omitted in the quarto.



Scene III] Notes loy

24. Speaking thick. Speaking fast. Tardily in 26 is evidently
antithetical to it. Cf. Cyinb. iii. 2. 58 : " say, and speak thick ; "
and R. of L. 1784 : —

"Weak words, so thick come in his poor heart's aid
That no man could distinguish what he said."

25. Became the accents of the valiant. Came to be the utterance
of all brave men. The plural accents is after the manner of S.
when referring to more than one person. Cf. 55 just below, also
iv. I. 193. Valiant is here a trisyllable. See on ind. 26 above.

30. Humours of blood. Caprices of disposition. See on ii. i.
146 above, and cf. iv. 4. 38 below.

31. Glass, copy and book. See on 21 above, and cf. also R. of L.
615:-

" For princes are the glass, tlie school, the book.
Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look."

36. Abide. Meet the perils of.

38. Defensible. Not capable of defence, hvii furnishittg the means
of defence (Malone).

45. Beshreio. A mild form of imprecation ; as often.

47. Ancient. Former, bygone. Cf. T. of S. ind. 2. 33 : " thy
ancient thoughts ; " Cor. iv. i. 3: "your ancient courage," etc.

52. Puissance. A dissyllable here. See on i. 3. 9 above.

57. So suffered. Allowed thus to try his single strength.

59. Remembrance. Clarke (following Warburton) believes that
the metaphor of a plant was suggested by " rosemary, which, as a
symbol of remembrance, was used at marriages and funerals." Cf.
Ham. iv. 5. 175 : " rosemary, that's for remembrance."

61. For recordation to. In memory of. Cf. T. and C. v. 2.
116: —

" To make a recordation to my soul
Of every syllable that here was spoke ; "

that is, to recall to mind every syllable, etc.

64. Still-stand. Standstill; the only instance of either word in S.



198 Notes [Act II

Scene IV. — l. The devil. Omitted in the folio, like Mass just
below. See on ii. 2. I and ii. 3. 17 above.

2. Apple-Johns. A kind of apple, which kept two years, but be-
came wrinkled and shrivelled. See i Hen. IV. iii. 3. 5: " withered
like an old apple-john." The French called it denx-ans. Steevens
quotes Cogan, Haven of Health, 1595: "The best apples that we
have in England are pepins, deusants, costards, darlings, and such
other ; " and Hakluyt, Voyages : " the apple John that durcth two
yeares."

10. Cover. Lay the table ; as in M. of V. iii. 5. 57 and A. V. L.
ii. 5. 32.

11. Noise. Band of musicians ; the only instance of this sense
in S. The word is often applied to music, as in Temp. iii. 2. 144,
Macb. iv. i. 106, etc.

12. Some music. The speech ends here in the folio. The
quarto adds "Dispatch: the room where they supped is too hot;
they '11 come in straight." Clarke remarks: "This shows that the
apple-johns and the prepared table were for what was called an
after-supper, a repast of fruit and wine, like the modern dessert,
and which was frequently taken in a different room from that in
which the more substantial meal was eaten." Kere-supper (or
rear-supper') and rere-banquet were also = dessert.

1 7. Old utis. Great fun, rare sport. For old as an intensive,
cf. M. of V. iv. 2. 15, Much Ado, v. 2. 98, Macb. ii. 3. 2, etc. Cf.
the modern slang phrase, " a high old time." Utis — merriment ;
from the Yx. huit as applied to the octave of a festival, or the eighth
day after it.

25. Canaries. That is, Canary wine ; mentioned also in M. W.
iii. 2. 89 and T. N. i. 3. 85, 88. What Mrs. Quickly means by
canaries in M. W. ii. 2. 61 is not so clear.- Quandary has been
suggested, but S. does not use the word.

31. When Arthur first in court. The ballad may be found in
Percy's Reliques. The lines there are

" When Arthur first in court began,
And was approved king."



Scene IV] Notes



99



34. Calm. Qualm ; though, as White remarks, the two words
were pronounced alike in the time of S.

35. Sect. If Mrs. Quickly had used the word, we should have no
doubt that she meant sex ; but in Falstaff's mouth it may be =
class. iSteevens gives sundry examples of sect = sex ; as Marston,
Insatiate Countess: "Deceives our sect of fame and chastity;"
Beaumont and Fletcher, Valentinian : "The purest temple of her
sect," etc. On the other hand, in Mother Bombie, 1594, a courtesan
says, " I am none of that sect ; " which is followed by the rejoinder,
"Thy loving sect is an ancient sect, and an honourable," etc.
Douce remarks : " P'alstaff means to say that all courtesans, when
their trade is at a stand, are apt to be sick."

37. Rascal. The word rascal literally meant a deer in poor
condition ; as in A. V. L. iii. 3. 58, etc. " He tells her she calls him
wrong; being ya/ he cannot be a rascal" (Johnson). For the
quibble, cf. v. 4. 27 below.

44. Rheiwiatic. Perhaps for "splenetic," as has been suggested.
Rheum and spleen were sometimes confounded ; as in Jonson,
Every Man in his J/n/itour, where Cob says, " Nay, I have my
rheum, and can be angry as well as another ; " to which Cash
replies, "Thy rheum. Cob ! thy humour, thy humour; thou mis-
tak'st." " The mutual asperities of tivo dry toasts when brought in
contact with each other are sufficiently obvious to render Quickly's
simile less ridiculous than is her general style of diction " (Clarke).

45. The good-year. A petty imprecation, of doubtful origin.
Cf. 156 below. Much Ado, i. 3. I, etc.

51. Ancient. Ensign; as often in C/Zi. and elsewhere. " Fal-
staff was captain, Peto lieutenant, and Pistol ensign, or ancient^'
(Johnson).

54. It is. Contemptuous. Cf. iii. 2. 269 below. See also
Hen. V. iii. 6. 70, R. and J. iv. 2. 14, etc. Elsewhere it expresses
affectionate familiarity; as in Macb. i. 4. 58: "it is a peerless
kinsman," etc.

58. Swaggerers. Bullies. Ritson quotes Cooke, Greeners Tu



200 Notes [Act II

Qupque : " drinke with a drunkard, be ciuill with a citizen, fight a
swaggerer," etc. See also ./. F. Z. iv. 3. 14: " play the swaggerer."

66. Tilly-fally. Tilly-vally ; a contemptuous exclamation. Cf.
T. N. ii. 3. 83 ; the only other instance in S.

80. A tame cheater. A cant phrase = a petty rogue, a low
gamester. Cf. Beaumont and Fletcher, Fair Maid of the Inn :
" By this decoy-duck, this tame cheater." Mrs. ()uickly takes it to
mean esclieator (vulgarly called cheate?-^ or officer of the exchequer.

82. A Barbary hen. A fowl whose feathers are naturally
ruffled. In A. Y. L. \\. i. 151 we find mention of "a Barbary
cock-pigeon."

104. Companion. Used contemptuously, z.% fellow is now. Cf.
J. C. iv. 3. 138: "Companion, hence!"

109. Bung. A cant name for a sharper, or pickpocket. Nares
quotes An Age for Apes, 1655 : —

" My bung observing this, takes hold of time,
Just as this lord was drawing for a prime.
And smoothly nims his purse that lay beside him."

The word was also applied, in the thieves' dialect, to a pocket or
purse. To nip a bung was to cut a purse.

III. Cuttle. A slang term for the knife used by cut -purses ;
hence for such characters themselves. Basket-hilt stale juggler =
worn-out performer of sword-tricks.

113. Since xuhen, etc. A scoffing inquiry. Cf. I Hen. IV. ii.
I. 43 : « Ay, when ? Canst tell ? "

114. Two points. "Asa mark of his commission" (Johnson).
See on i. i. 53 above. The folio, as usual, omits the oath in this
and the next speech. See on i above.

127. Mouldy stewed prunes, etc. " StewecTprunes, when mouldy,
were perhaps formerly sold at a cheap rate, as stale pies and cakes
are at present" (Steevens). Stewed prunes wt^xe a common article
of food in brothels.

128. IVill make the word captain odious. The folio reading;



Scene IV] Notes 20I

the quarto has : " will make the word as odious as the word occupy,
which was an excellent good word before it was ill sorted ; there-
fore captains had need look to it." Occtipy had come to have an
indecent sense in the time of S. Jonson in his Discoveries says :
" Many out of their own oliscene apprehensions refuse proper and
fit words, as occupy, nature, and the like."

138. Faitors. The word, according to Minsheu's Diet., is a cor-
ruption of the Yx. faiseurs — factores, doers; and it is used in a
statute of the time of Richard II. for evil-doers. Spenser uses it in
the sense of traitor, villain ; as in F. Q. i. 4. 47 : —

" By this false faytor, who unworthie ware
His worthie shield ; "

and Id. iv. I. 44: "False faitour, Scudamour," etc.

Have we not Hiren here? A lost play by George Peele was
entitled The Turkish Mahomet and Hyren the Fair Greek, from
which this is probably a quotation. Steevens quotes the old
comedy oi Law Tricks, 1608: —

" What ominous news can Polymetes daunt ?
Have we not Hiren here ? "

Massinger's Old Law : —

" Clown. No dancing for me, we have Siren here.
Cook. Siren ! 't was Hiren, the fair Greek, man ; "

and Dekker, Satiromastix : "whilst we have Hiren here, speak,
my little dish-washers." Hiren is a corruption of Irene. Pistol
applies it to his sword, but Mrs. Quickly supposes him to be inquir-
ing for some woman.

141. Beseek. Intended as a blunder for beseech, though it is really
an old form and pronunciation of that word. Cf. Chaucer, C. T.
918: " But we biseken mercy."

143. And hollozv, e.ic. Pistol's misquotation of Marlowe's T'.a:;;;-

burlaine, 2d Part, iv. 4 : —

" Holla, ye pamper'd jades of Asia!
What ! can ye draw but twenty miles a day ? "



202 Notes [Act II

145. Cannibals. For Hannibah.

147. Let the welkin roai: Steevens finds the expression in two
ballads of the time.

148. Toys. Trifles. Cf. M. N. D. v. i. 3, Ham. iv. 5. 18, etc.
158. Then feed, etc. A burlesque of 'J'he Battle of Alcazar,

1594, in which Muley Mahomet enters to his wife with lion's flesh
on his sword, and says : " Feed then, and faint not, my faire Cali-
polis ; " and again, " Hold thee, Calipolis ; feed, and faint no
more ; " and again : " I-'eed and be fat, that we may meet the foe,"
etc. (Steevens).

160. Si fortune, etc. As printed in both quarto and folio,
except that the latter has " contente." P"armer remarks : " Pistol
is only a copy of Hannibal Gonsaga, who vaunted on yielding him-
self a prisoner, as you may read in an old collection of tales, called
Wits, Fits, and Fancies : —

' Si fortuna me tormenta,
II speranza me contenta.' "

Correct Italian would read " Se " for " Si " and " La " for « II "
(j/^r(?«sa: being feminine). The meaning of the couplet is, "If
fortune torments me, hope contents me." Douce gives an illus-
tration of a sword with a French version of the motto, " Si fortune
me tourmente, I'esperance me contente."

163. Come we to full points, etc. "That is, shall we stop here,
shall we have no further entertainment ?" (Johnson). There is a
play on points, as in 7'. N. i. 5. 25 and i Hen. IV. ii. 4. 238.

165. Neif. Fist ; also spelt neaf Cf. M. N. D. iv. i. 20 (Bot-
tom's speech) : " Give me thy neif."

166. The seven stars. The Pleiades. Cf. Hen. IV. i. 2. 16 and
Lear, i. 5. 38.

168. Fustian. Nonsensical ; used again as an adjective in T. N.
ii. 5. 1 19 : "A fustian riddle ! "

169. Galloway nags. "That is, common hackneys " (Johnson).
The Galloway horses were a small and inferior breed.



Scene IV] Notes 203

171. Quoit him. Pitch him; the only instance of the verb in
S., as 222 below is the only one of the noun. Shove-groat was a
game similar to shovel-hoard, but on a smaller scale. It was played
on a board or table, three or four feet long and about a foot wide,


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