William Shakespeare.

The dramatic works of William Shakspeare... embracing a life of the poet, and notes, original and selected (Volume 4) online

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2 Edward III. bore for his device the rays of the sun dispersing them
selves out of a cloud. Camderi s Remaines.


* The commons here in Kent are up in arms ;

* And, to conclude, reproach, and beggary,

* Is crept into the palace of our king,

* And all by thee. Away ! convey him hence.

* Svff- ^ ^ iat I were a god, to shoot forth thunder

* Upon these paltry, servile, abject drudges !

* Small things make base men proud ; 4 this villain here,
4 Being captain of a pinnace, 1 threatens more
4 Than Bargulus the strong Illyrian pirate. 2
4 Drones suck not eagles blood, but rob beehives.
4 It is impossible, that I should die
4 By such a lowly vassal as thyself.
4 Thy words move rage, and not remorse, in me : 3
6 I go of message from the queen to France ;
4 I charge thee, waft me safely cross the channel.

4 Cap. Walter,

4 Whit. Come, Suffolk, I must waft thee to thy

* Suff. Gelidus timor occupat artus ; 4 tis thee I fear.
4 Whit. Thou shalt have cause to fear, before I leave


4 What, are ye daunted now ? now will ye stoop ?
4 1 Gent. My gracious lord, entreat him, speak him


4 & u ff Suffolk s imperial tongue is stern and rough,
1 Used to command, untaught to plead for favor.
4 Far be it we should honor such as these
4 With humble suit ; no, rather let my head

1 A pinnace, then signified a ship of small burden, built for speed.

2 " Bargulus, Illyrius Latro, de quo est apud Theopompum, magnas opes
habuit." Cicero de Officiis, lib. ii. c. 11. Shakspeare, as Dr. Farmer has
shown, might have met with this pirate in some of the translations of his
time : he points out two in which he is mentioned. In the old play it is,
" Abradas the great Macedonian pirate."

3 This line in the original play is properly given to the captain.

4 The source from whence this line has been extracted has not yet been
discovered. The following lines are the nearest which have been found
in the classic poets :

" Subitus tremor occupat artus."

Virg. JEn. v. 446.

"Ille quidem gelidos radiorum viribus artus"

Ovid. Metam. iv. 247.


Stoop to the block, than these knees bow to any,

Save to the God of heaven, and to my king ;

And sooner dance UJXHI a bloody pole,

Than stand uncovered to the vulgar groom.

* True nobility is exempt from fear ;

More can I bear, than you dare execute.

Cap. Hale him away, and let him talk no more.

i Suff. Come, soldiers, show 7 what cruelty ye can, 1
That this my death may never be forgot !
1 Great men oft die by vile bczonians. 2
4 A Roman sworder and banditto slave,
6 Murdered sweet Tully ; Brutus bastard hand
i Stabbed Julius Caesar ; savage islanders,
< Pompey the Great ; 3 and Suffolk dies by pirates.

[Exit SUFF., with WHIT, and others

Cap. And as for these whose ransom we have set,
It is our pleasure, one of them depart.
Therefore come you with us, and let him go.

[Exeunt all but the first Gentleman.

Re-enter WHITMORE, with SUFFOLK S body.

c Wliit. There let his head and lifeless body lie. 4
Until the queen his mistress bury it. [Exit.

4 1 Gent. O barbarous and bloody spectacle !
4 His body will I bear unto the king :
4 If he revenge it not, yet will his friends ;
So will the queen, that living held him dear.

[Exit, with the body.

1 According to the Letter in the Paston Collection, already cited, the
cutting off of Suffolk s head was very barbarously performed. " One of
the lewdest of the ship bade him lay down his head, and he should be
fairly ferd [dealt] with, and dye on a sword; and took a rusty sword and
smote off his head within half a dozen strokes."

2 A bezonian is a mean, low person.

3 Pompey was killed by Achillas and Septimius at the moment that the
Egyptian fishing-boat, in which they were, reached the coast, his head be
ing thrown into the sea a circumstance sufficiently resembling Suffolk s
death to bring it to the Poet s memory ; though his mention of it is not
quite accurate. In the old play Pompey is not named.


4 They " laid his body on the sands of Dover, and some say that his
ad was set on a pole by it." Pasto?i > s Letters, vol. i. p. 41.


SCENE II. Blackheath.


4 Geo. Come, and get thee a sword, though made
of a lath ; they have been up these two days.

4 John. They have the more need to sleep now
c then.

i Geo. I tell thee, Jack Cade the clothier means

* to dress the commonwealth, and turn it, and set
6 a new nap upon it.

John. So he had need, for tis threadbare. Well,
I say, it was never merry world in England, since
gentlemen came up.

* Geo. O miserable age ! Virtue is not regarded

* in handicrafts-men.

4 John. The nobility think scorn to go in leather
4 aprons.

* Geo. Nay, more, the king s council are no good

* workmen.

* John. True ; and yet it is said, Labor in thy

* vocation ; which is as much to say, as, Let the

* magistrates be laboring men ; and therefore should
*we be magistrates.

* Geo. Thou hast hit it ; for there s no better

* sign of a brave mind, than a hard hand.

* John. I see them! I see them! There s Best s

* son, the tanner of Wingham ;

* Geo. He shall have the skins of our enemies,

* to make dog s leather of.

John. And Dick the butcher,

* Geo. Then is sin struck down like an ox, and

* iniquity s throat cut like a calf.

* John. And Smith the weaver,

* Geo. Argo, their thread of life is spun.

* John. Come, come, let s fall in with them.




Drum. Enter CADE, DICK the Butcher, SMITH the
Weaver, and others in great number.

4 Cade. We John Cade, so termed of our supposed
; father, -

Dick. Or, rather, of stealing a cade of herrings. 1


Cade. for our enemies shall fall before us, in
spired with the spirit of putting down kings and
princes. Command silence.
Dick. Silence !

Cade. My father was a Mortimer.
Dick. He was an honest man, and a good brick
layer. [Aside.

Cade. My mother a Plantagenet,
Dick. I knew her well ; she was a midwife.


Cade. My wife descended of the Lacies,
Dick. She was, indeed, a pedler s daughter, and
sold many laces. [Aside.

1 Smith. But, now of late, not able to travel with
6 her furred pack, she washes bucks here at home.


Cade. Therefore am I of an honorable house.
Dick. Ay, by my faith, the field is honorable ; and
there was he born, under a hedge ; for his father had
never a house, but the cage. 2 [Aside.

* Cade. Valiant I am.

* Smith. A must needs ; for beggary is valiant.

Cade. I am able to endure much.

1 Tom Nashe speaks of having weighed one of Gabriel Harvey s books
against a cade of herrings, and ludicrously says, " That the rebel Jack
Cade Avas the first that devised to put red herrings in cades, and from him
they have their name." Lenten Stuffy 1599. Cade, however, is derived
from cadns (Lat.), a cask. We may add, from the accounts of the Celeress
of the Abbey of Barking, in the Monasticon Anglicanum, "a barrel of
herryng shold contain a thousand herryngs, and a cade of herryng six
hundred, six score to the hundred." Cade, with more learning than shou]d
naturally fall to his character, alludes to his name from cado, to fall.

2 " Little places of prison, set commonly in the market-place for harlots
and vagabonds, we call cages" Bard.

sc. II.] KING HILARY vi. 399

Dick. No question of that ; for I have seen him
whipped three market days together. [Aside.

Cade. I fear neither sword nor fire.

Smith. He need not fear the sword, for his coat is
of proof. [Aside.

Dick. But, me thinks, he should stand in fear of
fire, being burnt i the hand for stealing of sheep.


Cade. Be brave then ; for your captain is brave,
and vows reformation. There shall be, in England,
seven half-penny loaves sold for a penny ; the three-
hooped pot shall have ten hoops ; l and I will make
it felony, to drink small beer ; all the realm shall be
in common, and in Cheapside shall my palfrey go to
grass. And, when I am king (as king 1 will be)

All. God save your majesty !

4 Cade. I thank you, good people : there shall
4 be no money ; all shall eat and drink on my score ;
; and I will apparel them all in one livery, that they
; may agree like brothers, and worship me their lord.

6 Dick. The first thing we do, let s kill all the
4 lawyers.

Cade. Nay, that I mean to do. 2 Is not this a
lamentable thing, that of the skin of an innocent
lamb should be made parchment? that parchment,
being scribbled o er, should undo a man ? Some say,
the bee stings ; but I say, tis the bee s w r ax ; for I
did but seal once to a thing, and I was never mine
own man since. How now ; who s there ?

Enter some, bringing in the Clerk of Chatham.

Smith. The clerk of Chatham : he can write and
read, and cast accompt.
Cade. O monstrous !

1 These drinking-vessels of our ancestors were of wood. Nash, in his
Pierce Pennilesse, 1595, says, "I believe hoopes in quart pots were in
vented to that end, that every man should take his hoopc, and no more."

2 This speech was transposed by Shakspeare from a subsequent scene
in the old play.


Smith. We took him setting of boys copies.

Cade. Here s a villain !

Smith. H as a book in his pocket, with red letters
in t.

Cade. Nay, then he is a conjurer.

Dick. Nay, he can make obligations, and write

4 Cade. I am sorry for t ; the man is a proper man,
6 on mine honor ; unless I find him guilty, he shall
4 not die. Come hither, sirrah, I must examine thee.
4 What is thy name ?

Clerk. Emmanuel.

Dick. They use to write it on the top of letters. 1
Twill go hard with you.

4 Cade. Let me alone. Dost thou use to write
4 thy name ? or hast thou a mark to thyself, like an
4 honest, plain-dealing man ?

Clerk. Sir, I thank God, I have been so well brought
up, that I can write my name.

4 All. He hath confessed : away with him ; he s
i a villain, and a traitor.

4 Cade. Away with him, I say ; hang him with his
4 pen and inkhorn about his neck.

[Exeunt some, with the Clerk.


4 Mich. Where s our general ?

4 Cade. Here I am, thou particular fellow.

4 Mich. Fly, fly, fly ! sir Humphrey Stafford and
4 his brother are hard by, with the king s forces.

4 Cade. Stand, villain, stand, or I ll fell thee down.
4 He shall be encountered with a man as good as him-
4 self. He is but a knight, is a ?

4 Mich. No.

4 Cade. To equal him, I will make myself a knight

1 That is, on the top of letters missive and such like public acts. See
Mabillon s Diplomata.


4 presently ; rise up sir John Mortimer. Now have at
4 him. 1

Brother, with drum and Forces.

* Staf. Rebellious hinds, the filth and scum of Kent,

* Marked for the gallows, lay your weapons down ;

* Home to your cottages ; forsake this groom.

* The king is merciful, if you revolt.

* W. Staf. But angry, wrathful, and inclined to blood,

* If you go forward ; therefore yield, or die.

Cade. As for these silken-coated slaves, I pass not ; 2
It is to you, good people, that I speak,

* O er whom, in time to come, I hope to reign ;

* For I am rightful heir unto the crown.

4 Staf. Villain, thy father was a plasterer ;
4 And thou thyself a shearman, art thou not ?

Cade. And Adam was a gardener.

4 W. Staf. And what of that ?

Cade. Marry, this ; Edmund Mortimer, earl of

Married the duke of Clarence daughter : did he not ?

4 Staf. Ay, sir.

Cade. By her, he had two children at one birth.

W. Staf. That s false.

4 Cade. Ay, there s the question ; but, I say, tis


4 The elder of them, being put to nurse,
4 Was by a beggar-woman stolen away ;
4 And, ignorant of his birth and parentage,
4 Became a bricklayer when he came to age.
4 His son am I ; deny it, if you can.

1 After this speech, in the old play, are the following words :

" Is there any more of them that be knights ?
Tom. Yea, his brother.

Cade. Then kneel down, Dick Butcher; rise up sir Dick Butcher.
Sound up the drum."

2 I care not, I pay them no regard.

" Transform me to what shape you can,

I pass not what it be." Draytori s Quest of Cynthia.
VOL. IV. 51


Dick. Nay, tis too true ; therefore he shall be king.

Smith. Sir, he made a chimney in my father s house,
and the bricks are alive at this day to testify it ; there
fore, deny it not.

* Stqf. And will you credit this base drudge s words,

* That speaks he knows not what ?

* All. Ay, marry, will we ; therefore get ye gone.
W. Stqf. Jack Cade, the duke of York hath taught

you this.

* Cade. He lies, for I invented it myself. [Aside. ]
Go to, sirrah. Tell the king from me, that for his
father s sake, Henry the Fifth, in whose time boys
went to span counter for French crowns, I am con
tent he shall reign ; but I ll be protector over him.

6 Dick. And, furthermore, we ll have the lord Say s

< head, for selling the dukedom of Maine.

Cade. And good reason ; for thereby is England

< maimed, and fain to go with a staff, but that my
puissance holds it up. Fellow kings, I tell you, that.
that lord Say hath gelded the commonwealth, and
made it a eunuch ; and more than that, he can
4 speak French, and therefore he is a traitor.

4 Staf. O gross and miserable ignorance !

i Cade. Nay, answer, if you can. The Frenchmen
4 are our enemies : go to, then, I ask but this ; Can he
; that speaks with the tongue of an enemy, be a good
4 counsellor, or no ?

* AIL No, no ; and therefore we ll have his head.

* W. Staf. Well, seeing gentle words will not


* Assail them with the army of the king.

Staf. Herald, away ; and, throughout every town,
Proclaim them traitors that are up with Cade ;
That those which fly before the battle ends,
May, even in their wives and children s sight,
Be hanged up for example at their doors.
4 And you, that be the king s friends, follow me

[Exeunt the two STAFFORD s and Forces.

* Cade. And you, that love the commons, follow



* Now show yourselves men ; tis for liberty.

* We will not leave one lord, one gentleman.

* Spare none, but such as go in clouted shoon ;

* For they are thrifty, honest men, and such

* As would (but that they dare not) take our parts.

* Dick. They are all in order, and march toward us.

* Cade. But then are we in order, when we are
*most out of order. Come, march forward. [Exeunt.

SCENE HI. Another Part of Blackheath.

Alarums. The two parties enter and fight, and both
the STAFFORD s are slain.

Cade. Where s Dick, the butcher of Ashford?

1 Dick. Here, sir.

i Cade. They fell before thee like sheep and oxen,
and thou behavedst thyself as if thou hadst been in
6 thine own slaughter-house ; therefore thus will I re-
ward thee, The Lent shall be as long again as it is ;
4 and thou shalt have a license to kill for a hundred
4 lacking one, a week. 1

Dick. I desire no more.

* Cade. And, to speak truth, thou deservest no less.

* This monument of the victory will I bear ; 2 and the

* bodies shall be dragged at my horse s heels, till I do
*come to London, where we will have the mayor s

* sword borne before us.

* Dick. If we mean to thrive and do good, break

* open the jails, and let out the prisoners.

1 The last two words, a week, were added by Malone from the old play
It is necessary to render the passage intelligible. In the reign of Eliza
beth, butchers who had interest at court, frequently obtained a dispensa
tion to kill a certain number of beasts a week during Lent; of which in
dulgence, the wants of invalids who could not subsist without animal food,
was made the pretence.

2 Here Cade must be supposed to take off Stafford s armor. So Holin-
shed : " Jack Cade, upon his victory against the Staffords, apparelled
himself in sir Humphrey s brigandine, set full of gilt nails, and so in glory
returned again toward London."


* Cade. Fear not that, I warrant thee. Come, let s
* march towards London. [Exeunt.

SCENE IV. London. A Room in the Palace.

Enter KING HENRY, reading a supplication ; the DUKE
of BUCKINGHAM, and LORD SAY with him ; at a dis
tance^ QUEEN MARGARET, mourning over SUFFOLK S

* Q. Mar. Oft have I heard that grief softens the


* And makes it fearful and degenerate ;

* Think therefore on revenge, and cease to weep.
*But who can cease to weep, and look on this ?

* Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast ;
*But where s the body that I should embrace ?

4 Buck. What answer makes your grace to the
4 rebels supplication ?

* K. Hen. I ll send some holy bishop 1 to entreat;
4 For God forbid, so many simple souls
4 Should perish by the sword ! And I myself,
4 Rather than bloody war shall cut them short,
4 Will parley with Jack Cade their general.
4 But stay, I ll read it over once again.

* Q. Mar. Ah, barbarous villains ! hath this lovely


* Ruled, like a wandering planet, over me ;

* And could it not enforce them to relent,

* That were unworthy to behold the same ?

4 K. Hen. Lord Say, Jack Cade hath sworn to have

thy head.
4 Say. Ay, but I hope your highness shall have his.

1 Shakspeare has here fallen into another inconsistency, by sometimes
following Holinshed instead of the old play. He afterwards forgets this
holy bishop ; and in scene the eighth we find only Buckingham and Clif
ford were sent, conformably to the old play. Holinshed mentions that the
archbishop of Canterbury and the duke of Buckingham were sent.


K. Hen. How now, madam ? Still
Lamenting, and mourning for Suffolk s death?
I fear, my love, if that I had been dead,
Thou wouldest not have mourned so much for me.

Q. Mar. No, my love, I should not mourn, but die
for thee.

Enter a Messenger.

* K. Hen. How now ! what news ? why com st

thou in such haste ?
4 Mes. The rebels are in Southwark. Fly, my

lord !

4 Jack Cade proclaims himself lord Mortimer,
4 Descended from the duke of Clarence house ;
4 And calls your grace usurper, openly,
4 Arid vows to crown himself in Westminster.
4 His army is a ragged multitude
4 Of hinds and peasants, rude and merciless ;
4 Sir Humphrey Stafford and his brother s death
4 Hath given them heart and courage to proceed.
4 All scholars, lawyers, courtiers, gentlemen,
4 They call false caterpillars, and intend their death.

* K. Hen. O graceless men ! they know not what

they do. 1

4 Buck. My gracious lord, retire to Kenel worth,
4 Until a power be raised to put them down.

* Q. Mar. Ah ! were the duke of Suffolk now

* These Kentish rebels would be soon appeased.

4 K. Hen. Lord Say, the traitors hate thee ;
4 Therefore away with us to Kenelworth.

4 Say. So might your grace s person be in danger :
4 The sight of me is odious in their eyes ;
4 And therefore in this city will I stay,
4 And live alone as secret as I may.

* Instead of this line the old copy has :

" Go bid Buckingham and Clifford gather
An army up, and meet with the rebels."


Enter another Messenger.

* 2 Mess. Jack Cade hath gotten London bridge :

the citizens

* Fly and forsake their houses ;

* The rascal people, thirsting after prey,
*Join with the traitor; and they jointly swear

* To spoil the city and your royal court.

* Buck. Then linger not, my lord ; away, take


* K. Hen. Come, Margaret ; God, our hope, will

succor us.

Q. Mar. My hope is gone, now Suffolk is de

* K. Hen. Farewell, my lord; [To LORD SAY.]

trust not the Kentish rebels.

* Buck. Trust nobody, for fear you be betrayed.
Say. The trust I have is in mine innocence,

4 And therefore am I bold and resolute. [Exeunt.

SCENE V. The same. The Tower.

Enter LORD SCALES, and others, on the walls. Then
enter certain Citizens, below.

Scales. How now ? is Jack Cade slain ?

1 Cit. No. my lord, nor likely to be slain ; for they
have won the bridge, killing all those that withstand
them. The lord mayor craves aid of your honor from
the Tower, to defend the city from the rebels.

Scales. Such aid as I can spare, you shall command ;
But I am troubled here with them myself;
The rebels have assayed to win the Tower.
But get you to Smithfield, and gather head,
And thither will I send you Matthew Gough.
Fight for your king, your country, and your lives ;
And so farewell, for I must hence again. [Exeunt


SCENE VI. The same. Cannon Street.

Enter JACK CADE and his Followers. He strikes his
staff on London-stone.

Cade. Now is Mortimer lord of this city. And
here, sitting upon London-stone, 1 charge and com
mand, that, of the city s cost, the pissing-conduit run
nothing but claret wine this first year of our reign.
And now, henceforward, it shall be treason for any
that calls me other than lord Mortimer.

Enter a Soldier, running.

Sold. Jack Cade ! Jack Cade !

Cade. Knock him down there. [They kill him. 1

* Smith. If this fellow be wise, he ll never call

* you Jack Cade more ; I think he hath a very fair

* warning.

Dick. My lord, there s an army gathered together
in Smithfield.

Cade. Come then, let s go fight with them. But,
first, go and set London bridge on fire ; 2 and, if you
can, burn down the Tower too. Come, let s away.


SCENE VII. The same. Smithfield. Alarum.

Enter, on one side, CADE and his Company ; on the
other, Citizens, and the King s Forces, headed by
MATTHEW GOUGH. S They fight; the Citizens are
routed, and MATTHEW GOUGH is slain.

Cade. So, sirs.- Now go some and pull down the

1 " He also put to execution in Southwarke diverse persons, some for
breaking this ordinance, and other being his old acquaintance, lest they
should bewray his base lineage, disparaging him for his usurped name of
Mortimer." Holinshed, p. 634.

2 At that time London bridge was of wood ; the houses upon it were
actually burnt in this rebellion. Hall says, "he entered London, and cut
the ropes of the drawbridge."

3 Holinshed calls Mathew Gough " a man of great wit and much expe-


Savoy ; l others to the inns^ of court ; down with
them all.

Dick. I have a suit unto jour lordship.

Cade. Be it a lordship, thou shall have il for thai

Dick. Only, that the laws of England may come
out of your mouth. 2

4 John. Mass, twill be sore law then ; for he was
4 thrust in the mouth with a spear, and tis not whole
4 yet. [Aside.

4 Smith. Nay, John, it will be stinking law ; for his
4 breath stinks with eating toasted cheese. [Aside.

4 Cade. I have thought upon it ; it shall be so.
i Away, burn all the records of the realm; my mouth
4 shall be the parliament of England.

* John. Then we are like to have biting statutes,

* unless his teeth be pulled out. [Aside.

* Cade. And henceforward all things shall be in

* common.

Enter a Messenger.


4 Mess. My lord, a prize, a prize ! Here s the lord
4 Say, which sold the towns in France; *he thai

* made us p:iy one-and-lwenly fifteens, 3 and one shil-
*ling to the pound, the lasl subsidy.

Enter GEORGE BEVIS, with the LORD SAY.

4 Cade. Well, he shall be beheaded for il len
4 limes. Av, thou say, 4 thou serge, nay, thou buck-
4 ram lord ! now art thou within point-blank of our
4 jurisdiction regal. \\ hat canst thou answer lo my
4 inaje-stv, for giving up of Normandy unto monsieur

nonce in feats of cliivalrie, the which in continual! warres had spent his
time in scrvinjr of the king- his father." See also W. of Wyrcestre, p.
357 ; and the Paston Letters, vol. i. p. 42.

1 " This trouble had been saved Cade s reformers by his predecessor
Wat Tyler. It was never rebuilt till Henry VI. founded the hospital."

2 " It was reported, indeed, that he should saie with great pride that
within four daies all the laics of England should come foortli of his
mouth." Holinshed, p. 432.

:5 A fifteen was the fifteenth part of all the movables, or personal prop
erty, of each subject.
4 " Say is a kind of thin woollen stuff or serge.


; Basimecu, the dauphin of France ? Be it known
unto thee, by these presence, even the presence of
4 lord Mortimer, that I am the besom that must sweep
4 the court clean of such filth as thou art. Thou hast
4 most traitorously corrupted the youth of the realm, in
4 erecting a grammar-school ; and whereas, before, our
4 forefathers had no other books but the score and the
4 tally, thou hast caused printing to be used ; l and,

Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareThe dramatic works of William Shakspeare... embracing a life of the poet, and notes, original and selected (Volume 4) → online text (page 29 of 38)