William Shakespeare.

The dramatic works of William Shakspeare... embracing a life of the poet, and notes, original and selected (Volume 4) online

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* And, to repair my honor lost for him,

* I here renounce him, and return to Henry.
4 My noble queen, let former grudges pass,
And henceforth I am thy true servitor ;



1 To sooth, in ancient language, was " to countenance a falsehood or
forged tale, to uphold one in his talke, and affirme it to be true which he
speaketh." Bard.

~ " King Edward did attempt a thing once in the earle s house, which
was much against the earle s honestie (whether he would have deflowered
his daughter or his niece, the certaintie was not for both their honors re
vealed), for surely such a thing was attempted by king Edward." Ho-
linshed, p. G68.



SC. III.] KING HENRY VI. 497

I will revenge his wrong to lady Bona,
And replant Henry in his former state.

< Q. Mar. Warwick, these words have turned my

hate to love ;

6 And I forgive and quite forget old faults,
4 And joy that thou becom st king Henry s friend.

War. So much his friend, ay, his unfeigned friend,
That, if king Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us
With some few bands of chosen soldiers,
I ll undertake to land them on our coast,
And force the tyrant from his seat by war.
Tis not his new-made bride shall succor him.

* And as for Clarence, as my letters tell me,

* He s very likely now to fall from him ;

* For matching more for wanton lust than honor,

* Or than for strength and safety of our country.

* Bona. Dear brother, how shall Bona be revenged,

* But by the help to this distressed queen ?

* Q. Mar. Renowned prince, how shall poor Henry

live,

* Unless thou rescue him from foul despair ?

* Bona. My quarrel, and this English queen s, are one.

* War. And mine, fair lady Bona, joins with yours.
K. Lew. And mine with hers, and thine, and

Margaret s.

Therefore, at last, I firmly am resolved,
You shall have aid.

* Q. Mar. Let me give humble thanks for all at once.
K. Lew. Then, England s messenger, return in post ;

And tell false Edward, thy supposed king,
That Lewis of France is sending over maskers,
To revel it with him and his new bride.

* Thou seest what s past ; go fear l thy king withal.

Bona. Tell him, in hope he ll prove a widower

shortly,
I ll wear the willow garland for his sake.

Q. Mar. Tell him, my mourning weeds are laid aside,
And I am ready to put armor on.

l Fright.
VOL. iv. 63



498 THIRD PART OF [ACT III.

War. Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong ;
And therefore I ll uncrown him, ere t be long.
There s thy reward ; be gone. [Exit Mess

K. Lew. But, Warwick, thou,

And Oxford, with five thousand men,
Shall cross the seas, and bid false Edward battle;

* And, as occasion serves, this noble queen

* And prince shall follow with a fresh supply.

1 Yet, ere thou go, but answer me one doubt.
4 What pledge have we of thy firm loyalty ?

War. This shall assure my constant loyalty ;
That if our queen and this young prince agree,
I ll join mine eldest daughter, 1 and my joy,
To him forthwith in holy wedlock bands.

4 Q. Mar. Yes, I agree, and thank you for your

motion.

4 Son Edward, she is fair and virtuous.
4 Therefore delay not, give thy hand to Warwick ;
i And, with thy hand, thy faith irrevocable,
4 That only Warwick s daughter shall be thine.

* Prince. Yes, I accept her, for she well deserves it ;
* And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand.

[He gives his hand to WARWICK.

4 K. Lew. Why stay we now ? These soldiers shall

be levied,

4 And thou, lord Bourbon, our high admiral,
4 Shalt waft them over with our royal fleet.
4 I long, till Edward foil by war s mischance,
4 For mocking marriage with a dame of France.

o o

[Exeunt all but WARWICK.
War. I came from Edward as ambassador,
But I return his sworn and mortal foe ;
Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me,
But dreadful war shall answer his demand.

1 Edward prince of Wales was married to Anne, second daughter of the
earl of Warwick. In fact, Isabella, his eldest daughter, was married to Cla
rence in 1468. There is, however, no inconsistency in the present proposal ;
for at the time represented, when Warwick was in France, neither of his
daughters was married. Shakspeare has here again followed the old play.
In King Richard III. he has properly represented lady Anne, the Avidow
of Edward prince of Wales, as the youngest daughter of Warwick.



SC. I.] KING HENRY VI. 499

Had he none else to make a stale, 1 but me ?

Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow.

I was the chief that raised him to the crown,

And I ll be chief to bring him down again ;

Not that I pity Henry s misery,

But seek revenge on Edward s mockery. [Exit.



ACT IV.

SCENE I. London. A Room in the Palace.

Enter GLOSTER, CLARENCE, SOMERSET, MONTAGUE,
and others.

4 Glo. Now tell me, brother Clarence, what think you
4 Of this new marriage with the lady Grey ?

* Hath not our brother made a worthy choice ?

* Clar. Alas, you know, tis far from hence to

France ;

* How could he stay till Warwick made return ?

* Som. My lords, forbear this talk ; here comes the

king.

Flourish. Enter KING EDWARD, attended; LADY
GREY, as Queen ; PEMBROKE, STAFFORD, HASTINGS,
and others.

* Glo. And his well-chosen bride.

* Clar. I mind to tell him plainly what I think.

K. Edw. Now, brother of Clarence, how like you
our choice,

* That you stand pensive, as half malcontent ?

Clar. As well as Lewis of France, or the earl of
Warwick ;

1 A stale here means a stalking-horse, a pretence.



500 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

Which are so weak of courage, and in judgment.
That they ll take no offence at our abuse.

4 K. Edw. Suppose they take offence without a

cause,

They are but Lewis and Warwick ; I am Edward,
4 Your king and Warwick s, and must have my will.

4 Glo. And you shall have your will, because our

king:
Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well.

K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offended
too?

4 Glo. Not I.

No ; God forbid that I should wish them severed
k Whom God hath joined together ; ay, and twere pity,
To sunder them that yoke so well together.

4 K. Edw. Setting your scorns and your mislike

aside,

4 Tell me some reason why the lady Grey
4 Should not become my wife, and England s queen.
4 And you, too, Somerset, and Montague,
4 Speak freely what you think.

4 Clar. Then this is my opinion, That king Lewis
c Becomes your enemy, for mocking him
4 About the marriage of the lady Bona.

4 Glo. And Warwick, doing what you gave in

charge,
4 Is now dishonored by this new marriage.

4 K. Edw. What if both Lewis and Warwick be

appeased,
4 By such invention as I can devise ?

4 Mont. Yet to have joined with France in such

alliance,

Would more have strengthened this our commonwealth
Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred marriage.

4 Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of itself
4 England is safe, if true within itself?

* Mont. Yes ; but the safer, when tis backed with

France.

* Hast. Tis better using France, than trusting

France.



SC. I.] KING HENRY VI. 501

* Let us be backed with God, and with the seas,

* Which he hath given for fence impregnable,

* And with their helps only defend ourselves ;

* In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies.

Clar. For this one speech, lord Hastings well

deserves
4 To have the heir of the lord Hungerford.

4 K. Edw. Ay, what of that? It was my will, and

grant;

* And, for this once, my will shall stand for law.

4 Glo. And yet methinks your grace hath not done

well,
4 To Give the heir and daughter of lord Scales

O o

4 Unto the brother of your loving bride ;

4 She better would have fitted me, or Clarence.

4 But in your bride you bury brotherhood.

4 Clar. Or else you would not have bestowed the

heir !

4 Of the lord Bonville on your new wife s son,
4 And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere.

K. Edw, Alas, poor Clarence ! Is it for a wife,
4 That thou art malcontent ? I will provide thee.

4 Clar. In choosing for yourself, you showed your

judgment ;

4 Which being shallow, you shall give me leave
4 To play the broker in mine own behalf;
4 And to that end, I shortly mind to leave you.

4 K. Edw. Leave me, or tarry, Edward will be king.
4 And not be tied unto his brother s will.

4 Q. Eliz. My lords, before it pleased his majesty
4 To raise my state to title of a queen,
4 Do me but right, and you must all confess
4 That 1 was not ignoble of descent, 2



1 Until the Restoration, minors coming into possession of great estates
were in the Avardship of the king, who bestowed them on his favorites ; or,
in other words, gave them up to plunder, and afterwards disposed of them
in marriage as he pleased.

2 Her father was sir Richard Widville, knight, afterwards earl of
Rivers ; her mother Jaqueline, duchess dowager of Bedford, who was
daughter of Peter of Luxemburg, earl of St. Paul, and widow of John
duke of Bedford, brother to king Henry V.



50-2 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

*And meaner than myself have had like fortune.

* But as this title honors me and mine,

* So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing,

* Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow.

K. Edw. My love, forbear to fawn upon their

frowns.

What danger, or what sorrow can befall thee,
i So long as Edward is thy constant friend,
And their true sovereign, whom they must obey ?

* Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,
< Unless they seek for hatred at my hands;

c Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe,
; And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath.
* Glo. I hear, yet say not much, but think the more.

[Aside.

Enter a Messenger.

O

4 K. Edw. Now, messenger, what letters, or what

news,
From France ?

i Mess. My sovereign liege, no letters ; and few

words,

6 But such as I, without your special pardon,
Dare not relate.

< K. Edw. Go to, we pardon thee ; therefore, in

brief,

Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess them.
4 What answer makes king Lewis unto our letters ?
Mess. At my depart, these were his very words :
Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king,
That Lewis of France is sending over maskers,
To revel it with him and his new bride.

K. Edw. Is Lewis so brave ? Belike he thinks me

Henry.
4 But what said lady Bona to my marriage ?

Mess. These were her w r ords, uttered with mild

disdain :

Tell him, in hope he ll prove a widower shortly,
Til wear the willow garland for his sake.

K. Edw. I blame not her ; she could say little less ;



SC. I.] KING HENRY VI. 503

c She had the wrong. But what said Henry s queen?
For I have heard, that she was there in place. 1

Mess. Tell him, quoth she, my mourning weeds are

done,
And I am ready to put armor on.

K. Edw. Belike, she minds to play the Amazon.
But what said Warwick to these injuries ?

Mess. He, more incensed against your majesty
4 Than all the rest, discharged me with these words :
Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong,
And therefore Pll uncrown him, ere^t be long.

K. Edw. Ha ! durst the traitor breathe out so proud

words ?

4 Well, I will arm me, being thus forewarned ;
They shall have wars, and pay for their presumption.
1 But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret ?

Mess. Ay, gracious sovereign ; they are so linked in

friendship,
That young prince Edward marries Warwick s

daughter.

Clar. Belike, the elder ; Clarence will have the
younger. 2

* Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast,

* For I will hence to Warwick s other daughter;

* That though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage

* I may not prove inferior to yourself.
You, that love me and Warwick, follow me. 3

[Exit CLARENCE, and SOMERSET folloivs.
* Glo. Not I.

* My thoughts aim at a further matter ; 1

* Stay not for love of Edward, but the crown. [Aside.

K. Edw. Clarence and Somerset both gone to
Warwick !

* Yet am I armed against the worst can happen ;

1 In place, signifies there present. The expression is of frequent occur
rence in old English writers. It is from the French en place.

2 This is consonant with the former passage of this play, though at
variance with Avhat really happened.

3 Johnson has remarked upon the actual improbability of Clarence
making this speech in the king s hearing. Shakspeare followed the old
play, where this line is also found.



504 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

* And haste is needful in this desperate case.
4 Pembroke, and Stafford, you in our behalf
Go levy men, and make prepare for war ;
4 They are already, or quickly will be landed :
c Myself in person will straight follow you.

[Exeunt PEMBROKE and STAFFORD.
6 But ere I go, Hastings, and Montague,
4 Resolve my doubt. You twain, of all the rest,
4 Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by alliance.
< Tell me, if you love Warwick more than me ?
If it be so, then both depart to him ;
I rather wish you foes, than hollow friends ;
4 But if you mind to hold your true obedience,
4 Give me assurance with some friendly vow,
1 That I may never have you in suspect.

Mont. So God help Montague, as he proves true !

Hast. And Hastings, as he favors Edward s cause !

1 K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, will you stand by
us ?

Glo. Ay, in despite of all that shall withstand you.

4 K. Edw. Why so; tlicn am I sure of victory.
c Now therefore let us hence ; and lose no hour,
c Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power.

[Exeunt.

SCENE II. A Plain in Warwickshire.

Enter WARWICK and OXFORD, icith French and other

Forces.

War. Trust me, my lord, all hitherto goes well ;
The common people by numbers swarm to us.

Enter CLARENCE and SOMERSET.

But, see, where Somerset and Clarence come.
Speak suddenly, my lords, are we all friends ?

Clar. Fear not that, my lord.

War. Then, gentle Clarence, welcome unto War
wick ;



SC. III.] KING HENRY VI. 505

And welcome, Somerset. I hold it cowardice,

To rest mistrustful where a noble heart

Hath pawned an open hand in sign of love ;

Else might I think that Clarence, Edward s brother,

Were but a feigned friend to our proceedings.

But welcome, sweet Clarence ; my daughter shall be

thine.

And now what rests, but, in night s coverture,
Thy brother being carelessly encamped,
His soldiers lurking in the towns about,
And but attended by a simple guard,
We may surprise and take him at our pleasure ?
Our scouts have found the adventure very easy ;

* That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede,

*With sleight and manhood stole to Rhesus tents,

* And brought from thence the Thracian fatal steeds; 1

* So we, well covered with the night s black mantle,

* At unawares may beat down Edward s guard,

* And seize himself; I say not slaughter him,

* For I intend but only to surprise him.

* You, that will follow me to this attempt,

6 Applaud the name of Henry, with your leader.

[They all cry Henry !
Why, then, let s on our way in silent sort.
For Warwick and his friends, God and saint George !

[Exeunt.

SCENE III. Edward s Camp near Warwick.

Enter certain Watchmen, to guard the King s tent.

* 1 Watch. Come on, my masters ; each man take

his stand;

* The king, by this, is set him down to sleep.

*2 Watch. What, will he not to bed?

* 1 Watch. Why, no ; for he hath made a solemn

vow

1 We are told by some of the writers of the Trojan story, that the cap
ture of these horses was one of the necessary preliminaries of the fate of
Troy.

VOL. iv. 64



500 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

* Never to lie and take his natural rest,

* Till Warwick, or himself, be quite suppressed.

*2 Watch. To-morrow then, belike, shall be the
day,

* If Warwick be so near as men report.

* 3 Watch. But say, I pray, what nobleman is that

* That with the king here resteth in his tent ?

* I Watch. Tis the lord Hastings, the king s chit-f-

est friend.

*3 Watch. O, is it so? But why commands the
king,

* That his chief followers lodge in towns about him,

* While he himself keepeth in the cold field ?

* 2 Watch. Tis the more honor because more dan

gerous.

* 3 Watch. Ay ; but give me worship and quietness ;

* I like it better than a dangerous honor.

* If Warwick knew in what estate he stands,

* Tis to be doubted, he would waken him.

* 1 Watch. Unless our halberds did shut up his

passage.

*2 Watch. Ay, wherefore else guard we his royal
tent,

* But to defend his person from night foes ?

Enter WARWICK, CLARENCE, OXFORD, SOMERSET,
and Forces.

War. This is his tent ; and see, where stand his
guard.

O

Courage, my masters : honor now, or never !
But follow me, and Edward shall be ours.
1 Watch. Who goes there ?

* 2 Watch. Stay, or thou diest.

[WARWICK, and the rest, cry all Warwick !
Warwick ! and set upon the guard ; who
fly, crying, Arm ! Arm ! Warwick, and
the rest, following them.



SO. III.] KING HENRY VI. 507

The drum beating, and trumpets sounding. Re-
enter WARWICK, and the rest, bringing the King
out in a gown, sitting in a chair; GLOSTER and
HASTINGS j%.

4 Som. What are they that fly there ?

4 War. Richard, and Hastings ; let them go ; here s
the duke.

K. Edw. The duke ! why, Warwick, when we

parted last,
Thou calPdst me king !

War. Ay, but the case is altered ;

4 When you disgraced me in my embassade,
4 Then I degraded you from being king,
And come now to create you duke of York.
Alas ! how should you govern any kingdom,
That know not how to use ambassadors ;
Nor how to be contented with one wife ;
Nor how to use your brothers brotherly ;

* Nor how to study for the people s welfare ;
Nor how to shroud yourself from enemies ?

* K. Edw. Yea, brother of Clarence, art thou here

too?

*Nay, then I see, that Edward needs must down.
4 Yet, Warwick, in despite of all mischance,
4 Of thee thyself, and all thy complices,
4 Edward will always bear himself as king ;

* Though fortune s malice overthrow my state,

* My mind exceeds the compass of her wheel.

War. Then, for his mind, 1 be Edward England s
king. [Takes off his crown.

But Henry now shall wear the English crown,

* And be true king indeed ; thou but the shadow.
4 My lord of Somerset, at my request,

4 See that forthwith duke Edward be conveyed

4 Unto my brother, archbishop of York.

4 When I have fought with Pembroke and his fellows,

4 I ll follow you, and tell what answer

1 i. e. in his mind ; as far as his own mind goes.



508 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

4 Lewis, and the lady Bona, send to him ;
Now, for a while, farewell, good duke of York.

* K. Edw. What fates impose, that men must needs

abide ;
* It boots not to resist both wind and tide.

[Exit KING EDWARD, led out: SOMERSET
with him.

* Oxf. What now remains, my lords, for us to do,
*But march to London with our soldiers ?

War. Ay, that s the first thing that we have to do ;
4 To free king Henry from imprisonment,
And see him seated in the regal throne. [Exeunt.



SCENE IV. London. A Room in the Palace.

Enter QUEEN ELIZABETH and RIVERS.

4 Riv. Madam, what makes you in this sudden
change ?

4 Q. Eliz. Why, brother Rivers, an; you yet to learn
4 What late misfortune is befallen king Edward ?

Riv. What, loss of some pitched battle against
Warwick ?

4 Q. Eliz. No, but the loss of his own royal person.

4 Riv. Then is my sovereign slain ?

4 Q. Eliz. Ay, almost slain, for he is taken pris
oner ;

4 Either betrayed by falsehood of his guard,
4 Or by his foe surprised at unawares ;
4 And, as I further have to understand,
4 Is now committed to the bishop of York,
4 Fell Warwick s brother, and by that our foe.

4 Riv. These news, I must confess, are full of grief;
4 Yet, gracious madam, bear it as you may ;
4 Warwick may lose, that now hath won the day.

Q. Eliz. Till then, fair hope must hinder life s
decay.

* And I the rather wean me from despair,

* For love of Edward s offspring in my womb ;



SC. V.] KING HENRY VI. 509

* This is it that makes me bridle passion,

* And bear with mildness my misfortune s cross ;

* Ay, ay, for this I draw in many a tear,

* And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs,

* Lest with my sighs or tears I blast or drown

King Edward s fruit, true heir to the English crown.
* Riv. But, madam, where is Warwick then be
come ?

Q. Eliz. I am informed, that he comes towards
London,

* To set the crown once more on Henry s head :

* Guess thou the rest ; king Edward s friends must

down.

i But, to prevent the tyrant s violence,
4 (For trust not him that hath once broken faith,)
< I ll hence forthwith unto the sanctuary,
To save at least the heir of Edward s right ;
4 There shall I rest secure from force and fraud.
4 Come, therefore, let us fly, while we may fly ;
c If Warwick take us, we are sure to die. [Exeunt.



SCENE V. A Park near Middleham Castle in
Yorkshire. 1

Enter GLOSTER, HASTINGS, SIR WILLIAM STANLEY,
and others.

Glo. Now, my lord Hastings, and sir William

Stanley,

Leave off to wonder why I drew you hither,
c Into this chiefest thicket of the park.
4 Thus stands the case : You know, our king, my

brother,

c Is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands
* He hath good usage and great liberty ;
4 And often, but attended with weak guard,

1 Shakspeare follows Holinshed in the representation here given ol
king Edward s capture and imprisonment The whole, however, is untrue
Edward was never in the hands of Warwick.



510 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

1 Comes hunting this way to disport himself.

I have advertised him by secret means,

That if, about this hour, he make this way,

Under the color of his usual game,

1 He shall here find his friends, with horse and men,

To set him free from his captivity.

Enter KING EDWARD and a Huntsman.
Hunt. This way, my lord ; for this way lies the

game.
c K. Edw. Nay, this way, man ; see, where the

huntsmen stand.

4 Now, brother of Gloster, lord Hastings, and the rest,
< Stand you thus close to steal the bishop s deer ?

Glo. Brother, the time and case requireth haste ;
Your horse stands ready at the park corner.
K. Edw. But whither shall we then ?
4 Hast. To Lynn, my lord ; and ship from thence

to Flanders.
c Glo. Well guessed, believe me ; for that was my



meaning,



< K. Edw. Stanley, I will requite thy forwardness.

* Glo. But wherefore stay we ? tis no time to talk.
i K. Edw. Huntsman, what say st thou ? wilt thou

go along ?
Hunt. Better do so, than tarry and be hanged.

* Glo. Come then, away ; let s have no more ado.

c K. Edw. Bishop, farewell : shield thee from War
wick s frown ;
And pray that I may repossess the crown. [Exeunt.

SCENE VI. A Room in the Tower.

Enter KING HENRY, CLARENCE, WARWICK, SOMERSET,
Young RICHMOND, OXFORD, MONTAGUE, Lieutenant
of the Tower, and Attendants.

* K. Hen. Master lieutenant, now that God and

friends
* Have shaken Edward from the regal seat ;



SC. VI.] KING HENRY VI. 511

* And turned my captive state to liberty,
*My fear to hope, my sorrows unto joys;

* At our enlargement what are thy due fees ?

* Lieu. Subjects may challenge nothing of their

sovereigns ;

* But, if an humble prayer may prevail,

* I then crave pardon of your majesty.

* K. Hen. For what, lieutenant ? for well using me ?
*Nay, be thou sure, I ll well requite thy kindness,

* For that it made my imprisonment a pleasure ;
*Ay, such a pleasure as incaged birds

* Conceive, when, after many moody thoughts,

* At last, by notes of household harmony,

* They quite forget their loss of liberty.
*But, Warwick, after God, thou set st me free,

* And chiefly therefore I thank God, and thee ;

* He was the author, thou the instrument.

* Therefore, that I may conquer fortune s spite,
*By living low, where fortune cannot hurt me ;

* And that the people of this blessed land

* May not be punished with my thwarting stars ;

Warwick, although my head still wear the crown,
< I here resign my government to thee,
4 For thou art fortunate in all thy deeds.

* War. Your grace hath still been famed for virtuous ;
*And now may seem as wise as virtuous,

*By spying, and avoiding, fortune s malice,

* For few men rightly temper with the stars : 1

* Yet in this one thing let rne blame your grace,

* For choosing me, when Clarence is in place.

* Clar. No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the sway,

* To whom the Heavens, in thy nativity,

* Adjudged an olive branch and laurel crown,

* As likely to be blessed in peace and war ;

* And therefore I yield thee my free consent.

* War. And I chose Clarence only for protector.

* K. Hen. Warwick, and Clarence, give me both

your hands ;

1 Few men accommodate themselves to their destiny, or adapt them
selves to circumstance.



512 THIRD PART OF [ACT IV.

*Now join your hands, and, with your hands, your
hearts,

* That no dissension hinder government :

* I make you both protectors of this land ;



Online LibraryWilliam ShakespeareThe dramatic works of William Shakspeare... embracing a life of the poet, and notes, original and selected (Volume 4) → online text (page 36 of 38)