364 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
Talk not to me ; I will go sit and weep.
Till I can find occasion of revenge.
Bap. Was ever gentleman thus griev'd as I ?
But who comes here ?
Enter Gremio, with Lucentio in the habit of a
7?iean man; Petruchio, zvith Horteksio as a
Musician ; and liKA^iOymth Eiondello bearing
a lute and books.
Gre. Good-morrow, neighbour Baptista.
Bap. Good-morrow, neighbour Gremio : God
save you, gentlemen !
Pet. And you, good sir ! Pray, have you not a
Caird Katharina, fair, and virtuous ?
Bap. I have a daughter, sir, call'd Katharina.
Gre. You are too blunt, go to it orderly.
Pet. You wrong me, signior Gremio ; give me
I am a gentleman of Verona, sir,
That, — hearing of her beauty, and her wit.
Her affability", and bashful modesty.
Her wondrous qualities, and mild behaviour, —
Am bold to show myself a forward guest
Within your house, to make mine eye the wit-
Of that report which I so oft have heard.
And, for an entrance to my entertainment,
I do present you with a man of mine,
Cunning in musick, and the mathematicks.
To instruct her fully in those sciences.
Whereof, I know, she is not ignorant :
Accept of him, or else you do me wrong ; ,
I lis name is Licio, born in Mantua.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. n63
Bdp. You're welcome, sir ; and he for your good
But for my daughter Katharine, — this I know,
.She is not for your turn, the more mv grief.
Pef. I see you do not mean to part wilii her;
Or else vou hke not of mv compauv.
Bap. Mistake me not, I speak hut as I iind.
^^ hence are vou, sir? what may I call vonr name?
Pcf. Petruchio is my name ; Antonio's son,
A man well known throughout all Italv.
JB(/J). I know him well : you are welcome for his
Ore. Saving your tale, Petruchio, I jiray, »
TA^t us, that are j)0()r ])etitioners, sj)eak too :
liaccare!^ you are marvellous forward.
Bet. O, pardon me, signior Gremio ; 1 would
fain be doing.
Gre. I doubt it not, sir ; but you will curse your
Neighbour, this is a gift very grateful, I am sure of
it. To express the hke kindness myself, that have
been more kindly beholden to you than any, I freely
give unto you this young scholar, \ Prcscalif/g Lu-
CENTio.] that hatli been long studying at Rheims ;
as cunnmg in Greek, Latin, and other languages,
as the (^ther in nmsick and mathematicks : his name
is Cambio ; pray, accept his service.
JjdJ). A thousand thanks, signior Gremio: wel-
come, good Cambio. — Jiut, gentle sir, [Vo Tra-
MO.] niethinks, you walk like a stranger ; May I
be so bold to know the cause of your coniing?
y'rf/. Pardon me, sir, the boldness is mine own ;
That, being a stranger in this city here,
Do make myself a suitor to your daughter,
* Buccarc !'] A proverbial word, meaning sla)id bach, or give
366 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
' Unto Bianca, fair, and virtuous.
" Nor is your firm resolve unknown to me,
In the preferment of the eldest sister :
This liberty is all that I request, —
That upon knowledge of my parentage,
I may have welcome 'mongst the rest that woo,
And free access and favour as the rest.
And, toward the education of your daughters,
I here bestow a simple instrument.
And this small packet of Greek and Latin books :'
If you accept them, then their worth is great.
Hap- Lucentio is your name ? of whence, I
Tra. Of Pisa, sir ; son to Vincentio.
l^ap. A mighty man of Pisa : by report
I know him well : you are very welcome, sir. —
Take you \To Hor.] the lute, and you \To Luc]
the set of books.
You shall go see your pupils presently.
Holla, within !
Enter a Servant.
These gentlemen to my daughters ; and tell them
These are their tutors ; bid them use them well.
\_Exit Servant, witJi Hortensio, Lucentio,
We will go walk a little in the orchard.
And then to dinner : You are passing welcome.
And so I pray you all to think yourselves.
Pet. Signior Baptista, my business asketh haste,
' this small pad: et ofGreeh and Latin books .•] In queen
Elizabeth's time the young ladies of" quality were usually in-
structed in the learned languages, if any pains were bestowed on
their minds at all. LaJy Jane Grey and her sisters, Queen Eli-
zabeth, &c. are trite instances. Percy.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 367
And every day I cannot come to woo.
You knew my father well ; and in him, me,
Left solely heir to all his lands and goods.
Which I have hotter d rather than decreas'd :
Then tell me, — If I get your daughter s love,
W^hat dowry shall I have with her to wife ?
Bap. After my death, the one half of my
And, in possession, twenty thousand crowns.
Pet. And, for that dowry. Til assure her of
Her widowhood, — be it that she survive me, —
In all my lands and leases whatsoever :
Let specialties be therefore drawn between us,
That covenants may be kept on cither hand.
Bap. Av, when the sjDccial thing is well obtain'd.
This is, — her love ; for that is all in all.
Pet. ^^ hy, that is nothing ; for I tell you, fa-
I am as peremptory as she proud-minded ;
And where two raging Hres meet together.
They do consume the thing that feeds their fury :
Though little fire grows great with little wind.
Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire and all :
So 1 to her, and so she yields to me ;
For I am rough, and woo not like a babe.
Bap. A\'ell may st thou woo, and happy be thy
But be thou arm'd for some unhappy words.
Pet. Ay, to the proof; as mountains are for
That shake not, though they blow perpetually.
B.c-e7iter IIortensio, xcitli his head broken.
Bap. How now, njy friend? why dost thou look
so pale ?
I lor. For fear, I promise you, if 1 look jjale.
368 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
Bap. What, will my daughter prove a good miir
Hor. I think, she'll sooner prove a soldier ;
Iron may hold with her, hut never lutes.
Bap. W^hy, then thou canst not break her to the
Hor. Why, no ; for she hath broke the lute to me.
I did but tell her, she mistook her frcts,"^
And bow'd her hand to teach her nno-erins: ;
When, with a most impatient devilish spirit,
FretSy call y-oii these I* quoth she: I' II fume with
And, with that word, she struck me on the head.
And through the instrument my pate made way ;
And there I stood amazed for a while,
As on a pillory, looking through the lute ;
While she did call me, — rascal fiddler,
And — twangling Jack ; ' with twenty such vile term?.
As she had studied to misuse me so.
Pet. Now, by the world, it is a lusty wench ;
I love her ten times more than e'er I did :
O^ how I long to have some chat with her !
Bap. Well, go with me, and be not so disconii?
Proceed in practice with my younger daughter ;
She's apt to learn, and thankful for good turns.-—
Signior Petruchio, will you go with us ;
Or shall I send my daughter Kate to you ?
Pet. I pray you do ; I will attend her here,— r
\_E.veunt Baptista, Gremio, Tranio,
* — — her frets,] A fret is that stop of a musical instrument
which causes or regulates the vibration of the string. Johnson.
5 And — ^twangling Jack ;] To tmuigle is a provincial expres-
f-ion, and signifies to flourish capriciously on an instrument, as j^er-
formers often do after having tuned it, prenou« to their beginning
ft regular composition.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 36q
And woo her with some spirit wlicn she comes.
fSay, that she rail ; Why, then I'll tell her plain,
IShc sings as sweetly as a nightincrale :
Sav', that >iie frown ; I'll say, she looks as clear
As morninp; roses newly wash'd with dew :
kiay, slie be mute, and will not speak a word;
llien 111 commend her volubility,
And say — she uttereth piercing; eloquence :
If she do bid me pack, I'll give her thanks,
As though she bid me stay by her a week ;
If she denv to wed, I'll crave the day
When I shall ask the banns, and when be mar-
ried : —
But here slie comes ; and now, Petruchio, speak.
Good-morrow, Kate ; for that's your name I hear.
Kath. Well have you heard, but something hard
of hearing ;
They call me — Katharine, that do talk of me.
Pet. You lie, in faith ; for you arc call'd plain
And bonnv Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst j
liut Kate, the prettiest Kate in Christendom,
Kate of Kate-Hall, my suj)er-dainty Kate,
For dainties are all cates ; and therefore, Kate,
Take this of me, Kate of my consolation ; —
Hearing thy mildness prais'd in every town,
Thy virtues spoke of, and thy beauty sounded,
(Yet not so deeply as to thee belongs,)
Myself am mov'd to woo thee for my wife.
Kath. Mov'd ! in good time : let him that mov'd
Remove you hence : I knew you at the Hrst,
You were a moveable.
Pet. Why, what's a moveable ?
370 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
Keith. A joint-stool.^
Pet, Thou hast hit it : come, sit on me.
Kath. Asses are made to bear, and so are you.
Pet. Women are made to bear, and so are you.
Kath. No such jade, sir, as you, if me you
Pet. Alas, good Kate ! I will not burden thee :
For, knowing thee to be but young and light, —
Kath. Too light for such a swain as you to
And yet as heavy as my weight should be.
Pet. Should be ? should buz.
Kath. Well ta'en, and like a buzzard.
Pet. O, slow-wing'd turtle ! shall a buzzard take
Kath. Ay, for a turtle ; as he takes a buzzard.
Pet, Come, come, you wasp ; i'faith, you are too
Kath. If I be waspish, best beware my sting.
Pet. My remedy is then, to pluck it out.
Kath. Ay, if the fool could find it where it lies.
Pet. Who knows not where a wasp doth wear his
In his tail.
Kath. In his tongue.
Pet. Whose tongue ?
Kath. Yours, if you talk of tails ; and so fare-
Pet. W hat, with my tongue in your tail ? nay,
Good Kate ; I am a gentleman.
Kath. That I'll try.
Pet. I swear I'll cuff you, if you strike again.
s A joint-stool.'^ This is a proverbial expression ;
" Cry you mercy, I took you for a join'd stool.'*
See Ray's Colleciion.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 371
Kath. So may you lose your arms r
If you strike me, you are no g;entleman ;
And if no crentleman, why, then no arms.
Fet. A iierald, Kate ? O, put me in thy books.
Kath. What is your crest ? a coxcomb ?
Pet. A combless cock, so Kate will be my hen.
Katli. No cock of mine, you crow too likea craven.''
Pet. Nay, come, Kate, come ; you nmst not look
Katli. It is mv fashion, when I see a crab.
Pet. Why, here's no crab ; and tiierefore look
Kath. There is, there is.
Pet. Tiien siiow it me.
Kath. Had I a glass, I would.
Pet. What, you mean my face r
Kath. WVU aim'd of such a young one.
Pet. Now, by Saint George, I am too 3'oungforyou.
KaiJi. Yet you are wither'd.
Pet. Tis not with cares.
Kath. I care not.
Pet. Nav, hear you, Kate : in soolh, you 'scape
Kath. I chafe you, if I tarry; let me go.
Pet. No, not a whit ; I find you passing gentle.
'Twas told me, you were rough, and coy, and sullen,
And now I find re])ort a very liar ;
For thou art pleasant, gamesome, ])assing courteous ;
lint slow in speech, yet sweet as spring-time fiowers ;•
'J'lu)U canst not frown, thou canst not look askance,
Nor bite the lip, as angry wenches will ;
Nor hast thou pleasure to be cross in talk ;
7 a craven.] A craven is a dcgencratL*, dispirited cock.
Cia-.cn wiirt a temi also applied to those who in appeals of battle
became recreant, and by pronouncinf^ this word, ealleil for quarter
li oiu their opponents ; the consequence of which was they were
fi>r ever atler diiemed Liifauious.
372 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
But thou with mildness entertain'st thy wooers.
With gentle conference, soft and affable.
A'^'^hy does the world report, that Kate doth limp ?
slanderous world ! Kate, like the hazle-twig.
Is straight, and slender ; and as brown in hue.
As hazle nuts, and sweeter than the kernels.
O, let me see thee walk : tliou dost not halt.
Kath. Go, fool, and whom thou keep'st com-
Pet. Did ever Dian so become a grove,
As Kate this chamber with her princely gait i
O, be tliou Dian, and let her be Kate ;
And then let Kate be chaste, and Dian sportful !
Kath. Where did you study all this goodly speech?
Pet. It is extempore, from my mother-wit.
Katli. A witty mother ! witless else her so^i.
Pet. Am I not wise ?
Kath. Yes ; keep you warm.
Pet. Marry, so I mean, sweet Katharine, in thy
And therefore, setting all this chat aside.
Thus in plain terms : — Your father hath consented
That you shall be my wife ; your dowry 'greed on ;
And, will you, nill you, I will marry you.
Now, Kate, I am a husband for your turn ;
For, by this light, whereby I see thy beauty,
(Thy beauty, that doth make me like thee well,)
Thou must be married to no man but me :
For I am he, am born to tame you Kate ;
And bring you from a wild cat to a Kate
Conformable, as other houshold Kates.
Here comes your father ; never make denial,
1 must and will have Katharine to my wife.
Re-enter Baptista, Gremio, and Tranio.
Sigiiior Pctruchio : How speed you with .
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 373
My daughter f
Ftt. How but well, sir ? how but well ?
It were impossible, 1 should speed amiss.
Bap. Why, ht)w now, daugliter Katharine? in
your dumps ?
Katli. Call you me, daughter r now I })romise
You have shovvd a tender fatherlv regard.
To wish me wed to one halt lunatick ;
A mad-eap ruilia\i, and a swearing Jaek,
That thinks with oaths to face the matter out.
Pet. Fath( r, 'tis tlms,-— yourself and all the world,
That talk'd of her, have talk'd amiss of her;
If she he eurst, it is for policy :
For shes not frovA ard, but modest as the dove ;
IShe is not hot, but temperate as the morn ;
For patience she will prove a second Grissel ;
And Roman Lucrece for her chastity :
And to conclude, — we have 'greed so well together;,
'Diat upon Sunday is the wedding-day.
Kath. ril see thee liang'd on .Sunday first.
Grc. Hark, Petruehio ! she says, she'll see thee
Tra. Is til is your speeding ? nay, then, g(X)d
night our part !
Pet. lie patient, gentlemen ; I choose her for
mysel f ;
If she and I be pleas'd, what's that to you ?
'Tis bargain'd 'twixt us twain, being alone.
That she shall still be curst in company,
I tell you, 'tis incredible to believe
How much she loves me: O, the kindest Kate ' —
She hung about my neck ; m\'\ kiss on kiss
She vied so last,** protesting oath on oath^
* Slw vifil <:o fuit,'] Vi/e and rcvi/i; were terms at cards, uw
superseded by the iiioru iiiodcrfi w ord, bruf;.
374 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
That in a twiiik she won me to her love.
O, you are novices ! 'tis a world to see/
How tame, when men and women are alone,
A meacock wretch ^ can make the curstest siirew.—
. Give me thy hand, Kate : I will unto Venice,
To buy apparel 'gainst the wedding-day : —
Provide the feast, father, and bid the guests ;
I will be sure, mv Katharine shall be tine.
J^ap. I know not what to say : but give me your
God send you joy, Petruchio ! 'tis a match.
Gre. Tra. Amen, say we ; we will be witnesses.
Pet.. Father, and wife, and gentlemen, adieu :
I will to Venice, Sunday comes apace :
We will have rings, and things, and fine array ;
And kiss me, Kate, we will be married o' Sunday.
\_E.veimt Petruchio and Katharine, scve-
Gre^. Was ever match clapp'd up so suddenly? '
Bap. Faith, gentlemen, now I play a merchant's
And venture madly on a desperate mart.
Tra. 'Twas a commodity lay fretting by you ;
'Twill bring you gain, or perish on the seas.
Bap. The gain I seek is — quiet in the match.
Gre. No doubt, but he hath got a quiet catcli.
But now, Baptj^sta, to your younger daughter ; —
Now is the day we long have looked for ;
I am your neighbour, and was suitor first.
Tra. And I am one, that love Bianca more
Than words can witness, or your thoughts can
Gre. Youngling ! thou canst not love so dear as I.
9 *tis a luorld to see,'] i. e. it is wonderful to see. This
expression is often met with in old historians as well as dramaiie
' A meacock ivrefch — ] i. c. a timorous dastardly creature.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 375
Tra. Grey-beard ! tliy love doth freeze.
Ore. But thine doth fry.
Skipper, stand back ? 'tis age, that nourisheth.
'J'ra. But you til, in ladies' eyes that Hourishcth.
Bap. Content you, gentlemen ; I'll compound
this strife :
Tis deeds must win the prize; and he, of both,
That can assure my daughter greatest dower,
Miall have Bianca's love. —
^Jay, senior Gremio, what can you assure her ?
Grc. First, as you know, my house within the
Is richly furnished with plate and gold ;
Basons, and ewers, to lave her dainty hands ;
My hangings all of Tyrian tapestry:
\\\ ivory cotlers I have stuff 'd my crowns;
In cypress chests my arras, counterpoints,'^
Costly a})parel, tents and canopies,
Fine linen, Turkey cushions boss'd with pearly
Valance of Venice oo|d in needle-work.
Pewter and brass, and all things that belong
To house, or housekeeping : then, at my farm,
I have a hundred miich-kine to the pail,
JSixscore fat oxen standing in my stalls,
And all things answerable to this portion.
Myself am struck in years, I must confess ;
And, if I die to-morrow, this is hers...
If, whilst I live, she will be only mine.
Tra. That, only, came well in Sir, list to me,
I am my father's heir, and only son :
* counlerpoints,'] These coverings for beds are at present
callfd counterpanes ; but either mode of spelling is proper. Coim-
terpoi/it is the rnonklsli term for a ])arti('ular species of musick, in
which, notes of etjual di.ratiini, but of dirt'erent harmony, are set
in opposition to eadi ollit r. In liie iiiamier counterpanes were an-
ciently composed of patch-work, and so contrived that every o«/Jtr
or partition in them, \v:;s contra-^ted with one ol' adillereut colyur,
though of th'j kunic diuienbions. Srfci.vii.Nt>.
VOL. in. G G
376 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
If I may have your daughter to my wife,
I'll leave her houses, three or four as good^
Within rich Pisa walls, as any one
Old signior Grcmio has in Padua ;
Besides two thousand ducats by the year,
Of fruitful land, all which shall be her jointure. —
What, have I pinch'd you, signior Grcmio ?
Gre. Two thousand ducats by the year, of land !
My land amounts not to so much in all i
That she shall have ; besides an argosy.
That now is lying in Marseilles' road :
What, have I chok'd you with an argosy ?
Tj^a. Gremio, 'tis known, my father hath no less
Than three great argosies ; besides two galliasses,*
And twelve tight gallies : these I v/ill assure her.
And twice as much, whate'er thou offer'st next.
Gre. Nay, I have offer'd all, I have no more ;
And she can have no more than all I have ; —
If you like me, she shall have me and mine.
Tra. Why, then the maid is mine from all the
By your firm promise ; Gremio is out-vied.''
Bap. I must confess, your offer is die best ;
And, let your father make her the assurance,
She is your own ; else, you must pardon me :
If you should die before him, where's her dower ?
Tra. That's but a cavil ; he is old, I young.
Gre. And may not young men die, as well as
Bap. Well, gentlemen,
I am thus resolv'd : — On Sunday next you know.
My daughter Katharine is to be married :
^ tti^o galliasses,] A galeas or galliass, is a heavy low-built
vessel of burthen, with both sails and oars, partaking at once oi'
the nature of a ship and a galley. Steevens.
4 out-vied.} This is a term at the old game of g^eek.
When one man \v8is.xned upon another^ he was said to be out-vied.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 377
Now, on the Sunday following, siiall Bianca
Be bride to vou, if you make tUis assurance ;
If not, to signior Greniio :
And so I take mv leave, and thank vou both.
Gre. Adieu, good neiglibour. — Now I fear thee
Sirrah, vonntr <ramester,^ vour father were a fiK)!
'1 o give thee all, and, in his waning age,
Set foot under tliy table : Tut ! a toy !
An old Italian fox is not so kind, my boy, fErit,
Ira. A vengeance on your crafty wither'd hide !
Yet I have faced it with a card of ten.^
'Tis in my liead to do my master good : —
I see no reason, but suppos'd Luccntio
Must get a father, call'd — suppos'd Vincentio ;
And tiiat's a wonder : fathers, commonly.
Do get their cliildren ; but, in this case of wooing,
A child shall get a sire, if I fail not of niv cunning.
SCENE I. A Room in Baptistas House.
Enter Lucentio, IIortensio, and Bianca.
Luc. Fiddler, forbear ; you grow too forward, sir :
Have you so soon forgot the entertainment
Her sister Katharine welcom'd vou withal?
Ilor. But, wrangling ])edant, this is
' Sirrah, j/ounrr gamcfcter,] Camester, in the present iiistnnce,
ila^ no reference to gaming, and only signifies — a wag, a f'rolick-
<■ Yet I have faced it mth ri card of ten.] Th;it i.s, with the
highest card, in the yid ninipie ganieb ol' our ancestor:*.
G (. '1
378 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
The patroness of heavenly harmony :
Then give me leav£ to have prerogative ;
And when in musick we have spent an hour.
Your lecture shall have leisure for as much.
Luc. Preposterous ass ^ that never read so far
To know the cause why musick was ordain d !
Was it not, to refresh the mind of man.
After his studies, or his usual pain ?
Then give me leave to read philosophy,
And, while I pause, serve in your harmony.
Hor. Sirrah, I will not bear these braves of thine.
Bian. Why, gentlemen, you do me double wrong,
To strive for that which resteth in my choice :
I am no breeching scholar'' in the schools ;
I'll not be tied to hours, nor 'pointed times,
But learn my lessons as I please myself.
And, to cut off all strife, here sit we down : —
Take you your instrument, play you the whiles ;
His lecture will be done, ere you have tun'd.
Hor. You'll leave his lecture when I am in tune ?
[To BiANCA. — HoRTENsio retivcs.
Luc. That will be never ; — tune your instrument.
Bian. Where left we last ?
Luc. Here, madam :
Hac ibat Simois ; hie est Sigcia tellus ;
Hie steterat Priami regia eelsa seuis.
Bian. Construe them.
Luc. Hac ibat, as I told you before, — Simois, I
am Lucentio, — liic est, son unto Vincentio of Pisa, —
Sigeia tellus, disguised thus to get your love ; — Hie
steterat, and that Lucentio that comes a wooing, —
Priami, is my man Tranio, — regia, bearing my
port, — celsa senis, that we might beguile the old
no breeching scholar — ~\ i. e. no school-boy liable to
* — — ■pantaloon.'] The old cully in Italian farces.
TAMING OF THE SHREW. 379
Hor. Madam, my instrument's ni tune.
B'lan. Let's hear ; — [Hortensio pluys.
iyii ! the treble jars.
Luc. Spit in the iiole, man, and tune a^ain.
Bian. Now let me see if 1 can construe it : Hac
ibat S'wiois, I know you not ; liic est Sigcia tcUuSy
1 trust you not; — lilc ^tcttrut Priami, take heed
he hear us not ; — rcgia, presume not ; — ccha sc?iis,
Hor. Madam, 'tis now in tune.
Luc. All but the base.
Hor. Tlie base is right ; 'tis the base knave that
How fiery and forward our pedant is !
Now, for my life, the knave doth court my love :
PedasculCy' I'll watch you better yet.
Bian. In time I may believe, yet I mistrust.
Luc. Mistrust it not ; for, sure, i^aeides
Was Ajax, — call'd so from his grandfather.
Bian. I must believe my master ; else, I j)romise
should be arguing still upon that doubt:
But let it rest. — Now, Licio, to you : —
(iood masters, take it not unkindly, pray,
That I have been thus pleasant with you both.
Hor. You may go walk, [Y'o Lucentio.] and
give me leave awhile ;
My lessons make no nmsick in three parts.
Luc. Are you so formal, sir ; well, I must wait.
And watch withal ; for, but I be deceiv'd,'
Our fine nuisician groweth amorous. \_Aside.
Hor. Madam, before you touch the instrument.
To learn the order of my fingering,
I must begin with rudiments of art;
V Pvdascule,~\ Pcflairulc, from pedant.
' but / /jc deceived,] But, i. c. uukss.
380 TAMING OF THE SHREW.
To teach your gamut in a briefer sort.
More pleasant, P^thy, and effectual,
Than hath been taught by any of my trade :
And there it is in writing, fairly drawn.
Bian. Wliy, I am past my gamut long ago.
Hor, Yet read the gamut of Hortensio.