Q. Eliz. Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy brother,
Glou. And, that I love the tree from whence thou
Witness the loving kiss I give the fruit.
[Aside] To say the truth, so Judas kiss'd his
And cried, 'all hail !' when as he meant all harm.
K, Edw. Now am I seated as my soul delights,
Having my country's peace and brothers' loves.
Clar. What will your grace have done with Mar-
Reignier, her father, to the King of France
Hath pawn'd the Sicils and Jerusalem,
And hither have they sent it for her ransom. 40
30. The Carab. editor quotes from Steevens:— "In my copy of the
second Folio, which had belonged to King Charles the First, his
Majesty has erased Cla. and written King in its stead. Shakespeare,
therefore, in the catalogue of his restorers, may boast a Royal
name." — I. G.
KING HENRY VI Act V. Sc. vii.
K, Edxo. Away with her, and waft her hence to
And now what rests but that we spend the time
With stately triumphs, mirthful comic shows,
Such as befits the pleasure of the court?
Sound drums and trumpets! farewell sour an-
For here, I hope, begins our lasting joy.
By Israel Gollancz, M.A.
Ahddements, bad omens; IV. vii.
Aboding, boding; V. vi. 45.
Adventure, enterprise; IV. ii. 18.
Advertised, informed; II. i. 116.
iEsop; an allusion to the belief
tliat he was humpbacked
(hence the application of the
name to Richard Crookback);
V. V. 25.
Aims at, (1) endeavors to ob-
tain, III. ii. 68; (2) aim, guess,
III. ii. 68.
Alms-deed, act of charity; V. v.
Apparent, heir-apparent; II. ii.
Appointed; "well a.," well
equipped; II. i. 113.
Argosy, merchant ship; II. vi. 36.
Arrived, reached, arrived at; V.
As, that; I. i. 234.
Assay, try, essay (Collier, "es-
say"); I. iv. 118.
Attended, waited for; IV. vi. 82.
AwFTTL, awe-inspiring; II. 1. 154.
Balm, consecrated oil; III. i. 17.
Bands, bonds; I. i. 186.
Bandy, beat to and fro; I. iv. 49.
Basilisk, a fabulous serpent sup-
posed to kill by its look; III.
Battle, army, body of troops; I.
i. 8, 15.
Beaver, helmet; I. i. 12.
Belgia, Belgium; IV. viii. 1.
Belike, I suppose; I. i. 51.
Bells, "shake his bells," an al-
lusion to the small bells at-
tached to hawks, to frighten
the birds hawked at; I. i. 47.
Betimes, in good time, before it
is too late; V. iv. 45.
Bewray, betray; I. i. 211.
Bishop's Palace, the Palace of
the Bishop of London; V. 1.
Blaze, burn; V. iv. 71.
Blood-sucking sighs, referring to
the old belief that with each
sigh the heart lost a drop of
blood; IV. iv. 22.
Bloody, blood-thirsty, cruel; I.
Blunt, rough; IV. viii. 2.
Bodged, yielded, gave way,
budged; (Johnson conj. "budg-
ed," Collier conj. "botch'd");
I. iv. 19.
Bootless, useless; I. iv. 20.
Boots, avails; I. iv. 125.
Broach'd, begun; II. ii. 159.
Bruit, rumor, report; IV. vii. 64.
Buckle, join in close fight
(Theobald's correction (from
Qq.) of Ff., "buckler") ; I. iv.
Buckler, shield; III. iii. 99.
Bug, bugbear; V. ii. 2.
But, except; IV. vii. 36.
KING HENRY VI
Buy, aby, pay for; (Grant
White, "by," from "abie" Q.
1); V. i. C8.
Callet, a woman of bad charac-
ter; II. ii. 145.
Captivates, makes captive; I. iv.
Case, "if c," if it be the case, if
it happen; (F. 4, "In case");
V. iv. 34.
Chafed, infuriated; II. v. 1:26.
Challenge, claim; IV. vi. 6.
Chameleox, a kind of lizard
whose color changes; III. ii.
Channel, gutter (Roderick
conj. "kennel"); II. ii. 141.
Chahm, silence, as by a charm;
V. v. 31.
Chase, pursuit, game; II. iv. 12.
Cheerly, cheerfully; V. iv. 2.
Chid, driven by scolding; II. v.
Close, secret; IV. v. 17.
Colors, standards, ensigns; I. i.
Conveyance, trickery; III. iii.
Convey'd, carried off; IV. vi. 81.
Cony, rabbit (F. 1, "Connie," F.
2, "Conny") ; I. iv. 62.
Coverture, covert, shelter; (War-
burton, "overture") ; IV. ii. 13.
Darraign, range; II. ii. 72.
Dazzle, "d. mine eyes," are my
eyes dazzled?; II. i. 25.
Dearest, best, most precious; V.
Deck, pack of cards; V. i. 44.
Delicates, delicacies; I. v. 51.
Demean'd, behaved; I. iv. 7.
Depart, death, II. i. 110; depar-
ture, going awaj', IV. i. 92.
Depaktikg, parting; II. vi. 43.
Despite, spite, malice; II. i. 59.
Detect, betray; II. ii. 143.
Disannuls, annuls, cancels; III.
Done, done with, fwiished with;
IV. i. 104.
Done his shrift, heard the con-
fession and granted absolu-
tion; III. ii. 107.
DouiJT, fear; IV. viii. 37,
Doubted, feared; IV. iii. 19.
Downright, straight down; I. i.
Eager, bitter; II vi. 68.
Ean, bring forth young (Ff. 1,
2, "Eane"; Theobald, "yean");
II. V. 36.
Effuse, effusion; II. vi. 28.
Embassade, embassy; (Capell,
from Qq., "embassage"); IV.
Empty, hungry; I. i. 268.
Encounter, fight, combat; V. iii.
Enlargement, release from con-
finement; IV. vi. 5.
Extraught, extracted, derived;
II. ii. 142.
Falchion, scimitar, sword; I. iv.
Fear, affright, terrify; III. iii.
Fear'd, affrighted, frightened;
(Rowe, "scar'd"); V. ii. 2.
Fearful, timorous, I. i. 2o; II. ii.
30; terrible, dreadful; II. ii.
Fence, defend, guard; II. vi. 75.
Figures, reveals; II. i. 32.
Fires, dissyllabic; II. i. 83.
Foil, defeat; V. iv. 42.
Fondly, foolishly; II. ii. 38.
For, as regards; IV. iii. 48.
FoRFEND, forbid; II. i. 191.
Forgery, lie, deception; III. iii.
THE THIRD PART OF
Forlork; "a f,," an outcast;
(Collier MS., "all forlorn");
III. iii. 26.
FoRSLOw, delay; (Ff. 1, 2, "Fore-
slow"; Ff. 3, 4, "Fore-slow")',
II. iii. 56.
Forspent, exhausted ; (Ff .,
"Forespent"; Rann (from
Qq.), "Sore spent"); II. iii. 1.
Iorward of, eager for; IV. viii.
Fretting, violently agitating; II.
Gallant, spruce fellow; used
ironically; V. v. 12.
Gallia, Gaul; V. iii. 8.
Ghostly, spiritual; III. ii. 107.
Gin, snare; I. iv. 61.
Government, self-control; I. iv.
Grant, granting, bestowing; III.
Hand; "out of h.," at once; IV.
Haply, fortunately; II. v. 58.
ugly; V. v. 78.
Hasty, rash, passionate; (Wal-
ker conj. "lusty"; Cartwright
conj. "hardy")', IV. viii. 2.
Haught, haughty; II. i. 169.
Ha\t; at thee, take care, be
warned; II. iv. 11.
He, man; I. i. 46.
Head, making, raising an army;
II. i. 141.
Heir, heiress; IV. i. 48.
Henry, trisyllabic; I. i. 107.
Hold, stronghold; I. ii. 52.
Homely, humble; II. v. 22.
Honesty, chastity; III. ii. 72.
Hour (dissyllabic) ; II. v. 26, 31,
32, 33, &c.
Hyrcania, a country on the Cas-
pian Sea; I. iv. 155.
Icarus, the son of Daedalus, who,
attempting to imitate the ex-
ample of his father and fly on
wings, was drowned (Ovid,
Meta. viii.) ; V. vi. 21.
Impale, encircle; III. iii. 189.
Impeach, reproach; I. iv. 60.
Indigested, shapeless; V. vi. 51.
Inferring, bringing forward; II.
Injurious, insulting. III. iii. 78;
unjust, III. iii. 101.
Inly, inward; I. iv. 171.
Inviolable, not to be broken; II.
Irks; "it i.," it pains; II. ii. 6.
Lade, ladle, bale out; III.' ii. 139.
Lane, passage; I. iv. 9.
Latjnd, lawn, glade; (Capell,
"lawn")'. III. i. 2.
Leatsl, aim; II. ii. 19.
Lime, join, cement; V. i. 84.
Limed, caught by bird-lime; V.
'Long, along of, owing to; (Ff.,
"long") ; IV. vii. 32.
Machiavel, used proverbially for
a crafty politician; JII. ii.
Magnanimity, heroic bravery;
V. iv. 41.
Malapert, pert, saucy; V. v. S2.
Male, male-parent; V. vi. 15.
Man at arms, armed knight; V.
Manhood, bravery, courage; IV.
Marches, country-borders; II. i.
Meeds, deserts, merits; II. i. 36.
Mermaid, siren; III. ii. 186.
Mess, set of four, "as at great
dinners the company wag
usually arranged into fours"
(Nares); I. iv. 73.
KING HENRY VI
MnND, mean, have a mind; IV. i.
MiSDOuuTETH, distrusts; V. vi. 14.
MiSTiiiNK, misjudge; II. v, 108.
MoE, more; II. i. 170.
Motion, proposal; III. iii. 244,
MouGiiT, the reading of Ff. ;
miglit, could; (CapcU (Qq.),
'■could"; Pope, "might")-, V.
Muse, marvel, wonder; III. ii.
Naked, unarmed; V. iv. 42.
Napkix, handkerchief; I. iv. 79.
Narrow seas, English Channel;
IV. viii. 3.
Neat, horned cattle; II. i. 14.
Nestor, the oldest and wisest
hero before Troy; III. ii. 188.
Nice, subtile, sophistical; IV. vii,
Obsequious, lavish of obsequies;
II. V. 118.
Of, instead of, from being; III.
Only, alone; (Pope, "alone");
IV. i. 45.
Overgone, overcome; II. v. 123.
Ovehpeer'd, looked down upon,
towered above; V. ii. 14.
Pale, enclose, encompass; I. iv.
Parcel, part; V. vi. 38.
Passing, surpassing; V. i. 106.
Passion, violent sorrow; I, iv.
Period, end, finish; V. v. 1.
Pies, magpies; V. vi. 48.
Pixch'i), bitten; VI. i. 16,
Pitiful, merciful; III. ii. 32.
Place; "in p.," present; IV. i.
Pleaseth; "him p.," it pleases
him; II. vi. 105.
Pleasure, give pleasure; (Ff. 2,
3, 4, ''please"; Collier MS.,
"please you too"); III. ii. 32.
Poltroons, cowards; (Ff., "Poul-
trounes") ; I. i. 62,
Post, messenger; V. i. 1.
Post, haste; I. ii. 48.
Post, hasten; I. ii. 55,
Posted off, put off carelessly;
IV, viii, 40,
Power, force, army; II. i. 177,
Prancing, bounding; II. i. 24.
Preachment, high-flown dis-
course; I. iv, 73,
Prepare, preparation; IV. i. 131.
Prescription, right derived from
immemorial custom; III. iii,
Peesenteth, represents (Steev-
ens, "present"); II. v. 100.
Presently, immediately; I. ii, 36,
Pretend, assert; IV, vii, 57.
Prick, mark, dial-point; I. iv. 34.
Prize, privilege (Warburton
(from Qq.), "pride"; Walker
conj. "praise"); II. i. 20.
Proteus, the marine god, who had
the facultj' of assuming what-
ever shape he pleased; III, ii,
Quaintly, pleasantly; II, v, 24.
Quit, requite, reward; III. iii.
Racking, moving as clouds; II. i.
Ragged, rugged; (Ff,, "raged");
V, iv, 27,
Ramping, rampant; V, ii. 13.
R A u G II T , reached; (Ff. 3, 4,
"caught") ; I. iv. 68.
Remorse, pitv, compassion; III, i.
Rends, tears asunder; (Ff.,
'rents"); III. ii. 175.
THE THIRD PART OF
Repair, repairing hither; (Ff. 1,
2, "repay re"; Ff. 3, 4, "re-
pair") ; V. i. 20.
Resolve, come to a determina-
tion; I. i. 49.
Respect; "in r.," in comparison;
y. V. 56.
Rest, remain; IV. ii. 8.
Resteth, remaineth; I. ii. 44.
Retire, retreat, flight; II. i. 150.
Revolt, fall oflF; I. i. 151.
Rhesus, the Tbracian King who
came to the assistance of Troy,
but was slaughtered at night
by Ulysses and Diomede; IV.
Rids; "r. away," i, e. gets rid of
distance; V. iii. 21.
Rook'd, squatted; V. vi. 47.
Roscius, the most celebrated ac-
tor of ancient Rome; (Pope's
emendation; Ff., "Rossius";
Hanmer (Warburton) "Rich-
ard") ; V. vi. 10.
Ruinate, ruin; V. i. 83.
R tj T H F u L , piteous; (Ff. 3, 4,
"rueful") ; II. y. 95.
Sadxess, seriousness; III. ii. 77.
Saxctuarv, the sanctuary at
Westminster, which afforded
protection from any persecu-
tion; IV. iv. 31.
Scrupulous, "too nice in deter-
minations of conscience"; IV.
Self-place, self-same place, very
place; III. 1. 11.
Selfsame, the selfsame; (Han-
mer, "th' self-same") ; II. i.
Sennet, a particular set of notes
on the cornet or trumpet; I. i.
Septentriok, the North; I. iv.
Service; "do thee s.," become thy
servitor"; V. i. 33.
Shame-faced, bashful; IV. viii.
Ship, take ship; (F. 1, "shipt";
Vaughan conj. "shipp'd") ; IV.
Shoot, shot; III. i. 7.
Shriver, confessor; III. ii. 108.
Shrouds, sail-ropes; V. iv. 18.
SiciLS, Sicilies; I. iv. 122.
Silly, innocent, helpless; II. v.
43; petty, poor; used contemp-
tuously; III. iii. 93.
Sinew together, knit in strength ;
(Ff. 1, 2, 3, "sinow t.") ; II. vi.
SiNON, the Greek who persuaded
the Trojans to carry the wood-
en horse into Troy; III. ii. 190.
Sith, since; I. i. 110.
Slaughter-man, slayer, butcher;
I. iv. 169.
Sleight, artifice, trickery ;
(Rowe, "slight") ; IV. ii. 20.
Sometime, sometimes; II. ii. 30.
Soothe, to assent to as being
true, to humor; (Ff., "sooth";
Rann, Heath conj. "smooth");
III. iii. 175.
SoBT, crew, set; II. ii. 97.
Sorts, turns out well; II. i. 209.
Spite, vexation, mortification; V.
Spite of spite, come the worst
that may; II. iii. 5.
Spleen; "heated s.," fiery im-
petuosity, heat; (Warburton,
"hated s.") ; II. i. 124.
Sport, disport, amuse; II. v. 34.
Stale, laughing-stock, dupe; III.
State, station, rank; III. ii. 93.
Stay, linger; III. iii. 40.
Stigmatic, one branded by na-
ture with deformity; II. ii. 13fi.
KING HENRY Yl
Stout, brave; IV. ii. 19.
Stiiataoems, dreadful deeds; (Ff.
1, 3, "stnujerns") ; II. v. 89.
Strike; "to s.," to lower sail; V.
Strike sail, lower, let down sail;
III. iii. 5.
Success, result, issue; II. ii. 46.
Suddenly, quickly; IV. ii. i.
Suffer'd, allowed to have way;
IV. viii. 8.
Suspect, suspicion; IV. i. 143.
Tacklincs, cordage, rigging (tri-
syllabic); V. iv. 18.
Tainted, touched, moved; III. 1.
Take on, be furious; II. v. 104.
Temper with the stabs, act and
think in conformity with fate;
IV. vi. !29.
Time; "take the t.," improve the
opportunity; V. i. 48.
TiREON, seize and feed on raven-
ously; I. i. 269.
Title, claim, right; (Grey conj.
"tah")'. III. i. 48.
Toward, bold; II. ii. 66.
Trow'st, thinkest; (Ff., "trow-
est") ; V. i. 85.
Trot; "the hope of T.," i. e. Hec-
tor; II. i. 51.
Trull, harlot; I. iv. 114.
Trumpet, trumpeter; V. i. 16.
Type, sign, badge (i. e. the
crown); (Lloyd conj. "style");
I. iv. 121.
Ulysses, the famous king of
Ithaca; III. ii. 189.
Undid, unbidden, unwelcome; V.
Unconstant, inconstant; V. i.
Undoubted* fearless; (Capell
conj. "redoubted") ; V. vii. 6.
Unreasonable, not endowed with
reason; II. ii. 26.
Untutoh'd, uninstructed, raw ; V.
Unwares, unawares; (F. 4, "un-
au-ares" ; Hanmer, "un'wares";
Vaughan conj. "unware")\ II.
UsEST, art aecustomed; V. v. 75.
Valued, rated, estimated; V. iii.
Vantages, advantages; III. ii. 25.
Venom, venomous, poisonous
(Capell, (from Q. 3), "ven-
om'd") ; II. ii. 138.
Via, away! an interjection of en-
couragement; II. i. 182.
Visard-like, like a mask; I. iv.
Vowed, sworn; III. iii. 50.
Waft over, carry over the sea;
III. iii. 253.
Waned, declined; (Ff.,
"warned") ; IV. vii. 4.
Water-flowing, flowing like wa-
ter, copious; IV. viii. 43.
Wean me, alienate myself; (Ff.
1, 2, "waine"; Ff. 3, 4, "wain") ;
IV. iv. 17.
Weeping-ripe, ready to weep;
(Ff., "weeping ripe") ; I. iv.
When? an exclamation of impa-
tience; V. i. 49.
Willow garland, the emblem of
unhappy love; III. iii. 228.
Wind, scent; III. ii. 14.
Wisp of Straw, a mark of dis-
grace placed on the heads of
scolds; II. ii. 144.
Wtt, wisdom; IV. vii. 61.
Witch, bewitch; (Ff., "'witch");
III. ii. 150.
Withal, with; III. ii. 91.
Wirri-, full of wit, intelligent; I.
YouNKER, stripling; II. i. 24.
1. What are the Chronicle accounts of the traits and
person of Henry ?
2. Is there any scene in which Margaret is allowed by
the poet to exhibit a noble, natural emotion?
3. Describe the dramatic effect of the union of Henry
4. What characters serve especially as types of the feu-
dal baronage at the height of its power?
5. What episodes and incidents has the poet utilized
throughout, to give dramatic variety to the handling of
the material he had for this play?
6. What is the historic center of action of the Third
Part of King Henry VI? Does it coincide with the dra-
7. What are the characteristics of Richard, as dramat-
ically set forth throughout the play? In what way are
his speeches, as well as his covert comment upon doings
about him and upon the characters and estate of others,
significant of future events?
8. What was the historic interval between the battle of
St. Albans and the parliament at Westminster, the proceed-
ings of which are represented in this act?
9. Compare hnes 9 and 55 of scene i, and explain prob-
able cause of variance.
10. What was the earldom by which Richard claimed the
KING HENRY VI Study Questions
11. What have the Chronicles to say of the proceedings
at the Parhament House when Warwick placed York upon
12. Give the Chronicle account of the reconciliation of
York and Lancaster with regard to the claim to the crown.
13. Describe the dramatic impression of the scene of the
colloquy in the Parliament.
14. W^hat picturesque and lawless character was ap-
pointed by Warwick vice-admiral of the sea.'* What pas-
sage had he in charge and why?
15. To what three lords does Henry refer in line 270,
16. How do the Chronicles describe the preliminaries to
the Battle of Wakefield? The battle itself? The death
of young Rutland?
17. What is the impression of the dramatic scene of
young Rutland's death?
18. Describe the dramatic character of the scene of
York's death. Characterize* the behavior of Clifford as
compared with that of York.
19. What is the Chronicle account of the scene?
20. Compare Shakespeare's presentment of Margaret in
this scene with his presentment of his most relentless war-
riors in other similar scenes ; what conclusion may be
drawn as to the poet's idea of what the passions of battle
or selfish ambition would develop in a woman as compared
with their effect upon a man?
21. Compare Northumberland's expressions of feeling
with Margaret's passages ; — with Clifford's.
22. What do the chroniclers relate as the cause for
Edward's taking the sun for his cognizance?
23. What effect did the second Battle of St. Albans have
upon the general situation?
24. How does Edward mean to characterize Margaret
by his allusion in line 144, scene ii?
study Questions THE THIRD PART OF
25. What passages in scene ii set forth the feehng of
York's sons toward Henry personally?
26. What is the historical account of Edward's march
to London after the second 'battle of St. Albans?
27. What is the moral substance of scene v? How
does it depict Henry's real nature?
28. Give the historic account of the Battle of Towton.
29. What is the chronicler's comment on the title of
Gloscester? What line in Richard's mouth recalls this?
30. What occurred in the historic interval between the
events of Act II and Act III?
31. What line of Henry's in scene i shows his realization
of his nature as related to the place of ruler he held?
32. Give an account, other than that of the Chronicles,
of the capture of King Henry.
33. What side lights are thrown on the character of
Edward by the asides of Gloscester and Clarence in scene
ii? Does the historic report of Edward give color to this
34. What account do the Chronicles give of the meet-
ing of Edward and Lady Grey? In what respects does
the dramatic scene of it express the poet's best portrayal
35. What was the historic truth of lines 81 and 82,
36. To what facts does Oxford refer in lines 102-106
of scene iii?
37. According to Shakespeare, what was the cause of
the break between Warwick and Edward? Did the Poet
have historical warrant for assigning this cause?
38. What title does Margaret give Warwick which is
indicative of his political power?
39. What is the discrepancy in War\vick's statement in
KING HENRY VI Study Questions
40. what unjust disposition of lands was given into the
king's power, up to the time of the Restoration?
41. What is Hohnshed's account of the king's advance-
ment of his wife's family?
42. What was Lady Grey's lineage?
43. Give the Chronicle account of the capture of Ed-
ward. Of his release. What has Dr. Lingard to say of
the two incidents?
44. What have the chroniclers to say of Henry, Earl of
Riclimond, and the incident of which Shakespeare makes
use in scene v?
45. Give the historic account of Edward's flight to
Burgundy and his return.
46. Give the historic account of the betrayal of Henry.
47. How does Hall explain the withdrawal from Cov-
entry to Barnet for the battle which took place there?
48. Describe Warwick's death, both in the drama, and
according to the Chronicles.
49. What is the character of Margaret's invocation to
her followers in scene iv?
50. What is the historic account of the Battle of Tewks-
51. To what suspicion concerning Richard does Clar-
ence refer in lines 8^84, scene v?
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