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69, 70 ; Khandesh, viii. 154 ; Kolaba,
viii. 265 ; Konnagar, viii. 292 ; Ku-
maun, viii. 353 ; Lalitpur, viii. 450 ;
Lohardaga, viii. 481 ; Ludhiana, viii.
521 ; Madras, ix. 19 ; Mainpuri, ix.
205 ; Meerut, ix. 386 ; Melukote (Sri
Vashnav), ix. 404 ; Merwara, ix. 417 ;
Midnapur, ix. 427 ; Mirzapur, ix. 456 ;
Murshidabad, x. 25 ; Muttra, x. 47 ;
Muzaffarpur, x. 79 ; Mysore, x. 97,
98 ; Nadiya, x. 132 ; Narsinghpur, x.
221; Nigohan, x. 300; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 372 ; Orissa, x. 434, 435 ;
Oudh, x. 498 ; Pachhegam (Nagar), x.
521 ; Partabgarh, xi. 70 ; Punjab, xi.
274 ; Puri, xi. 303 ; Purniah, xi. 325 ;
Rai Bareli, xi. 354 ; Raipur, xi. 372 ;
Rajputana, xi. 408 ; Rajshahi, xi. 432 ;
Rangpur, xi. 493, 494 ; Ratanpur, xi.
517; Rawal Pindi, xii. 26; Rohtak,
xii. 71 ; Sambalpur, xii. 181, 182 ;
Santal Parganas, xii. 229 ; Sarahan
(their northern limit), xii. 249 ; Saran,
xii. 253 ; Satara, xii. 278, 279 ; Shah-
abad, xii. 327 ; Shahjahanpur, xii.
347 ; Shimoga (Smarta), xii. 401 ;
Sholapur, xii. 413 ; Sibsagar, xii. 464 ;
Sind, xii. 518, 519; Sirohi, xiii. 4;
Sitapur, xiii. 33 ; Sringeri (Smarta),
xiii. 79 ; Sultanpur, xiii. 98 ; Surat,
xiii. 124, 126 ; Sylhet, xiii. 148 ; Tan-
jore, xiii. 184, 185 ; Twenty-four Par-
ganas, xiii. 392 ; Udaipur, xiii. 402 ;
Unao, xiii. 430 ; Visnagar, xiii. 481 ;
Wardnagar (Dhinoj), xiii. 507 ; Wai,
xiii. 509.

Brahmapuri, Sub-division in Central
Provinces, iii. 92, 93.

Brahmapuri, town in Central Provinces,
iii. 93.

Brahmaputra, river in N.-E. India, iii.
93 - 98 ; one of the great rivers of
India, vi. 13-16 ; its course and con-
fluents, 13 ; discharge, 13, 14 ; silt
islands, 14, 15; changes in course, 15;
traffic, 15, 16 ; junction of Ganges,
Brahmaputra, and Meghna, 24 ; their
combined delta and estuaries, 24, 25 ;
alluvial deposits of the Brahmaputra,
27 ; steam navigation on, 552.

Brahma Samaj, Members of the, or
Brahmos, in Assam, i. 360 ; Banga-
lore, ii. 62 ; Bengal, ii. 290, 291 ;
Bogra, iii. 28; Calcutta, iii. 251, 256 ;
Dacca, iv. 83 ; Darjiling, iv. 133 ;
VOL. XIV.



Darrang, iv. 155 ; Dinajpur, iv. 293 ;
Faridpur, iv. 407 ; Goalpara, v. 1 14,
115; Jalpaiguri, vii. 112; Jessor, vii.
186; Kuch Behar, viii. 323; Mur-
shidabad, x. 25; N.-W. Provinces,
x. 372, 373 ; Nowgong, x. 410 ; Pabna,
x. 514; Patna, xi. 99; Rajshahi, xi.
432 ; Rangpur, xi. 493 ; Sylhet, xiii.
148.

Brahui Hills, a southern offshoot of the
N.-W. Himalayas, marking a portion of
the boundary between India and Balu-
chistan, vi. 7.

Brahuis, The, inhabitants of the highlands
of Baluchistan, iii. 98-100. See also
Baluchistan, ii. 28, 29, 39 ; Khelat,
viii. 188 ; Sibi, xii. 455, 456.

Braithwaite, Col., took Pondicherri
(1793), xi. 189.

Brandreth, Mr. E. L., papers on the
Gaurian languages (published in the
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, vol.
x.), article 'India,' vi. 64-66 (foot-
notes); (published in vols. xi. and xii.),
vi. 103.

Brass and copper work, article 'India,'
vi. 607. Local notices — Brass and
copper vessels, brass ornaments, etc.
etc., manufactured at Ahmadabad,i. 87;
Ahmadnagar, i. 104 ; Aliganj-Sewan,
i. 167 ; Ardabak, i. 329 ; Assam, i.
367 ; Balasor, ii. 9 ; Banga, ii. 58 ;
Bara Banki, ii. 113; Bardwan, ii.
132 ; Barkur, ii. 157 ; Barpali, ii. 174 ;
Batala, ii. 216; Benares, ii. 267;
Bhagwantnagar, ii. 355 ; Bhandara, ii.
365 ; Bhatgaon, ii. 377 ; Bhaunagar,
ii. 380 ; Bhera, ii. 386 ; Bhutan, ii.
414 ; Bisalnagar, iii. 14 ; Bombay, iii.
60; Brahmapuri, iii. 93 ; Lower Burma,
iii. 198 ; Cachar, iii. 235 ; Chanda,
iii. 355; Chapra, iii. 370; Chhind-
wara, iii. 402 ; Chichli, iii. 408 ; Cut-
tack, iv. 7 ; Dain-hat, iv. 95 ; Darrang,
iv. 148; Daska, iv. 153; Dhamda, iv.
239 ; Dhampur, iv. 241 ; Dhrangadra,
iv. 279 ; Dignagar, iv. 287 ; Dodderi,
iv. 311 ; Khajuha and Kori in Fateh-
pur, iv. 428 ; Gaya, v. 50 ; Goalpara,
v. 117; Gujranvvala, v. 187; Gujrat,
v. 197; Hassan, v. 350; Hirehal, v.
423 ; Hissar, v. 432 ; Hoshangabad, v.
441 ; Hoshangabad, v. 447 ; Hoshiar-
pur, v. 458 ; Jabalpur, vii. 35 ; Jaga-
dhri, vii. 40 ; Siwai Madhupur, vii.
54; Jandiala, vii. 136; Jehlam, vii.
175 ; Kotchandpur and Kesabpur in
Jessor, vii. 186 ; Jhanjharpur, vii. 214 ;
Jodhpur, vii. 239 ; Kaladgi, vii. 319 ;
Kamrup, vii. 363; Kelod, viii. in ;
Kesabpur, viii. 117; Khajuha, viii.
140 ; Kistna, viii. 232 ; Kora, viii.
295 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 434 ; Lodhi-
D



50



INDEX.



khera, viii. 473 ; Lohardaga, viii. 485 ;
Lucknow, viii. 500 ; Maghiana, ix.
140 ; Mahmudabad, ix. 182 ; Maiman-
singh, ix. 198 ; Mallanwan, ix. 263 ;
Midnapur, ix. 430, 434 ; Mihrpur, ix.
436 ; Mirzapur, ix. 462 ; Moradabad,
ix. 513; Nadiya, x. 137; Najibabad,
x. 179; Narowal, x. 214; Nasik, x.
237 ; Natagarh, x. 240 ; Nellore, x.
279; Nepal, x. 289; Neri, x. 291;
Newalganj, x. 292; Nosari, x. 405;
Nowgong, x. 412; Panipat, xi. 47;
Patera, xi. 85 ; Pind Dadan Khan, xi.
183 ; Poona, xi. 209, 213 ; Rai Bareli,
xi. 357 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ; Rajshahi,
xi. 436 ; Rangpur, xi. 498 ; Rasipur,
xi. 513; Revvari, xii. 56; Sambalpur,
xii. 1S3 ; Sarai Akil, xii. 249; Sarai
Saleh, xii. 250 ; Saran, xii. 257 ; Sat-
ara, xii. 282 ; Shahabad, xii. 332 ;
Sherghati, xii. 380 ; Shimoga, xii. 404 ;
Shravan-belgola, xii. 425 ; Sialkot, xii.
448 ; Sibsagar, xii. 468, 469 ; Sihor,
xii. 476 ; Singhbhum, xi. 539 ; Songir,
xiii. 61 ; Srinagar (N.-W. P.), xiii. 78 ;
Bandhua in Sultanpur, xiii. 101 ;
Tando Muhammad Khan, xiii. 179 ;
Tanjore, xiii. 196 ; Thana, xiii. 257 ;
Tipperah, xiii. 319; Tiimkur, xiii. 379 ;
Turtipar, xiii. 385 ; Twenty-four Par-
ganas, xiii. 397 ; Vonipenta, xiii. 503 ;
VVanthali, xiii. 519.

Breeks, Commissioner of the Nilgiri Hills,
opened a cromlech there, x. 322.

Breweries, article 'India,' vi. 616, 617.
Local notices — Dalhousie, iv. 98 ; Nil-
giri Hills, ix. 59, 60, x. 321 ; Bellarv,
ix. 59, 60 ; Murree, x. 19, xii. 32 ;
Mussooree, x. 42 ; Lucknow and
Naini Tal, x. 396 ; Simla, xii. 498.

Brick-making, at Kotrang, viii. 313 ; Cali-
cut and Cannanore in North Kanara,
ix. 54; Mangalore, ix. 314; Merkara,
ix. 415 ; Sibpur, xii. 459.

Bridges : railway, over the Jumna at
Agra, i. 76 ; of boats, over the Ganges
at Ahar, i. 82 ; over the Sakki at
Ajnala, i. 133 ; masonry, over the
Tons at Akbarpur, i. 108 ; over the
Kali Nadi and Nim Nadi at Aligarh,
i. 169; of boats, over the Ganges, and
railway, over the Tons in Allahabad
District, i. 185, 186 ; railway, iron-
girder, over the Jumna at Naini, near
Allahabad, i. 192; railway, iron-girder,
over the Sabi in Alwar, i. 203 ; rail-
way, over the Jumna and Ghaggar at
Ambala, i. 222 ; railway, over the Am-
bika, Kaveri, and Kharera, i. 229 ; of
boats, over the Ganges at Amethi, i.
231 ; railway, over the Beas at Wazir
Bhola, i. 254 ; of boats, over the Ravi
at Kakkar, i. 255 ; of boats, over the



Ganges at Anupshahr, i. 295 ; masonry,
over the Rushikulya at Aska, i. 340 ;
railway, over the Indus at Attock, i.
382 ; railway, over the Auranga, near
Balsar, i. 386 ; iron, over the Bash-
ganga at Badariya, i. 408 ; railway,
iron-girder, over the Sutlej, near Baha-
walpur, i. 424 ; of boats, over the
Gogra at Bahramghat, i. 435 ; of boats,
over the Rapti, near Balrampur, ii. 26 ;
stone, at Bandra, ii. 57 ; timber, over
the Bara, ii. 105 ; over the Jehlam at
Baramula, ii. 122 ; at Baroda, ii. 170 ;
over the Buana at Basti, ii. 214 ; over
the Beas, ii. 222 ; over the Beliapatam,
ii. 239 ; railway, over the Tungabhadra
in Bellary, ii. 241 ; over the Ben, ii.
252; over the Ganges and the Barna at
Benares, ii. 262; railway, over the Hugh'
(under construction), ii. 315 ; over the
Beypur, ii. 335 ; over the Bhaha at
Benkipur, ii. 339 ; in Bhandara, ii.
365 ; over the Bhavaniat Metapolliem,
ii. 382 ; over the Kaveri at Bhavani,
ii. 383 ; in the Bhor Ghat, ii. 407 ;
suspension, over the Manas at Tasgaon
in Bhutan, ii. 412 ; suspension, over
the Bias, ii. 419 ; over the Son at
Bihar, ii. 421 ; wooden, over the Jehlam
at Bigburu, ii. 426 ; railway, over the
Narbada, near Broach, iii. 108 ; of
boats, over the Ganges in Budaun, iii.
122, 123 ; floating, over the Hugh at
Calcutta, iii. 253 ; over the Cauvery,
stone, at Fraserpet, iii. 277 ; at island
of Sivasamudram, andiron, railway, at
Erode, iii. 278 ; railway, iron-girder,
over the Ganges at Cawnpur, iii. 292 ;
railway, over the Chenab at Wazirabad,
and of boats, over the Chenab, iii. 380 ;
over the Languliya at Chicacole, iii.
407 ; masonry, over the Gameri at
Chitor, iii. 430 ; over the Chittivalasa,
and the Gosthani at Chittivalasa, iii.
454 ; iron, at Coconada, iii. 472 ; iron,
suspension, over the Tista in Dalingkot,
iv. 98 ; masonry, over the Pinyari at
Daro, iv. 141 ; over the Degh, iv.
167 ; iron, railway, over the Jumna at
Delhi, iv. 184, 186 ; of boats, over the
Jumna in Delhi, iv. 184 ; iron, over the
Gambhar at Deonthal, iv. 204 ; stone,
over the Dhadhar at Bhilapur, iv. 238 ;
iron, railway, over the Dhanauti, near
Motihari, iv. 243 ; trestle, over the
Narbada at Khal, iv. 246 ; stone, over
the Dhasan, iv. 268 ; sandstone, rail-
way, and of boats, over the Chambal,
near Dholpur, iv. 273, 275, 277 ; stone,
over the Panjhra at Dhulia, iv. 281 ;
iron, railway, over the Kaveri at Erode,
i y - 357 ; of boats, over the Gogra at
Faizabad, iv. 386 ; of boats, over the



INDEX.



5'



Ganges at Fatehgarh, iv. 415 ; stone,
over the Kaveri at Fraserpet, iv. 450 ; of
boats, over the Ganges at Garhmukh-
tesar, v. 16; at Gazzalhatti, v. 53;
over creek at Gharo, v. 56 ; railway,
and of boats, over the Chenab and
Jehlam in Gujrat, v. 194; masonry, over
the Gumti at Lucknow and Jaunpur,
v. 200 ; railway, over the Kistna, near
Kadlur in Haidarabad, v. 243 ; stone,
over the Musi at Haidarabad, v. 253 ;
wooden, over the Pegu in Nanthawadi,
v. 316 ; stone, over the Tungabhadra at
Harihar, v. 338 ; brick, over the Hari
Rud, near Herat, v. 340; wooden and
rope suspension, over the Kunhar in
Hazara, v. 367 ; iron, over the Hema-
vati at Sakleshpur, v. 382 ; iron, rail-
way, over the Hindan, v. 414 ; floating,
over the Hugh at Howrah, v. 465 ;
railway, over the Hugh (under con-
struction), v. 482 ; over the Narbada
in Indore, vii. 4; wooden, over the
Jehlam at Islamabad, vii. 26 ; iron,
railway, and of boats, over the Sutlej
at Phillaur, vii. 84, 89 ; stone, over the
Jambua at Kelanpur and Makarpura,
vii. 123 ; iron, railway, over the Chitra-
vati at Jammalammadugii, vii. 129 ;
stone, over the Piria at Jaora, vii. 143 ;
stone and railway, over the Gumti at
Jaunpur, vii. 150,160; suspension,
over the Jehlam at Kohala, vii. 165 ;
railway, over the Jehlam at Jehlam,
vii. 166, 175 ; of boats, over the Jehlam
and Chenab in Jhang, vii. 211 ; of
boats, over the Ganges at Jhiisi, vii.
231 ; over the Kabul at Kabul, vii.
270 ; of boats, over the Ganges at
Kachhla, vii. 278 ; at Kachua, vii. 278 ;
over the Kali Nadi in Bulandshahr at
Gulaothi and in Aligarh, vii. 327 ; of
boats, over the Jumna at Kalpi, vii.
343 ; railway, over the Kanhan at
Kamthi, vii. 367 ; at Karachi, vii.
452, 453 ; stone, railway, over the
Karamnasa, near Chausa, vii. 465 ; iron,
suspension, over the Pindar at Karn-
prayag, viii. 32 ; wooden and rope
suspension, in Kashmir, viii. 65 ;
wooden, at Kav-ka-reit, viii. 107 ; rail-
way, over the Tapti at Bhusawal, viii.
150; masonry, over the Vishnumati,
at Khatmandu, viii. 182 ; iron, railway,
over the Kistna at Raichur, 236 ; over
the Nizampur-Kal at Mangaon, and
masonry, at Nagothna, viii. 269 ; rail-
way, over the Kolak, viii. 272 ; steel
rope suspension, at Shamd,and wooden,
over the Beas in Kulu, viii. 336 ;
wooden, over the Indus at Kulutzai,
viii. 344 ; suspension, over the Kunhar,
at Garhi Habib-ulla, viii. 365 ; of



boats, over the Ravi and Sutlej in
Lahore, viii. 411, 412; iron, over the
Lakhandai, viii. 424 ; over the Langu-
liya at Chicacole, viii. 460 ; rope
suspension, over the Bhagirathi, near
the Loharinaig Falls, viii. 487 ; rail-
way, over the Keul at Luckeesarai, viii.
490 ; over the Sai in Lucknow, viii.
499 ; over the Gumti at Lucknow,
viii. 503 ; railway, over the Shimsha
at Maddur, viii. 539 ; over the Adyar
at Madras, ix. 105 ; over the Ami at
Maghar, ix. 139 ; wooden, over the
Mahe at Mahe, ix. 171 ; at Mandalay,
ix. 288 ; suspension, over the Beas
at Mandi, ix. 298, 299 ; masonry, over
the Kal at Mangaon, ix. 315 ; over
the Sai at Mohan, ix. 471 ; over the
Morar at Morar, ix. 514; over the
Machhu at Morvi, ix. 519; railway,
over the Sutlej in Miiltan, x. 9; rail-
way, over the Kathna at Murwara,
x. 40 ; stone, over the Kabbani at
Nanjangad, x. 196 ; railway, over the
Narbada at Broach, Mortakka, Hosh-
angabad, and near Jabalpur, x. 210 ;
stone, over the Karamnasa at Naubat-
pur, x. 241 ; of boats, over the Kabul
at Naushahra, x. 242 ; at Newalganj-
cum-Maharajganj, x. 292 ; masonry,
over the Sankh at Niirabad, x. 418 ;
wooden, over the Betwa at Orchha, x.
426 ; wooden, over the Pa-de, x. 524 ;
railway, over the Palar at Malevatti,
and near Chengalpat, x. 541 ; over the
Jehlam at Pampur, xi. 24 ; at Panduah,
xi. 41 ; railway, girder, over the Papa-
ghni, near Kamalapur, xi. 53 ; at
Pasriir, xi. 80 ; wooden, over the Pegu
at Pegu, xi. 126 ; railway, over the
Piali, xi. 169 ; of boats, over the Deoha
at Pilibhit, xi. 180 ; over the Muta at
Poona, xi. 212; over the Ka-ma-aung
at Pyaw-bhway, xi. 337 ; over the Bina
at Rahatgarh, xi. 346 ; over the
Sai at Rai Bareli, xi. 352, 360; wooden,
over the Pabar at Raingarh, xi. 366 ;
of boats, over the Ganges at Ramghat,
xi. 499 ; of boats, over the Jumna at
Rapri, xi. 51 1 ; of boats, over the Ravi,
xii. 15; suspension, over the Jehlam at
Kohala, xii. 20 ; over the Sohan, near
Rawal Pindi, xii. 20, xiii. 47 ; railway,
over the Indus at Rohri (under con-
struction), xii. 67 ; masonry, over the
Rushikulya at Aska, xii. 87 ; at Sakit,
xii. 146 ; iron-girder, over the Hema-
vati at Sukleshpur, xii. 147 ; atSalim-
pur, xii. 167 ; from Salsetteto Bombay,
xii. 168 ; over the Baya at Sarya, xii.
272 ; ruined, over the Ganges at
Sayyidpur(N.-\V. P.), xiv. 300 ; stone,
over the Sher at Dongri, xii. 309, 379 ;



52



INDEX.



over the Saraswati at Sewan, xii. 322 ;
over the Khanaut at Shahjahanpur,xii.
356 ; railway, iron-girder, over the
bher, near Narsinghpur, xii. 379 ; over
the Aik at Sialkot, xii. 452 ; railway,
over the Indus at Sukkur (under con-
struction), xii. 523, xiii. 92; wooden, over
the Lakhandai at Sitamarhi, xiii. 26 ;
over the Kaveri at Sivasamudram, xiii.
43 ; railway, over the Son at Kollwar,
xiii. 53 ; iron, suspension, over the
Dikru at Sonapur, xiii. 58 ; masonry
and iron, over the Burhganga at Soron,
xiii. 67 ; over the Jehlam at Srinagar,
xiii. 76 ; railway, iron-girder, over the
Tapti at Surat, xiii. 129 ; over the
Sutlej at Phillaur and Bahawalpur,
xiii. 141 ; railway, over the Chittar at
Tinnevelli, xiii. 311 ; railway, over the
South-Western Tons, xiii. 339 ; over
the Tungabhadra at Harihar, and rail-
way, at Rampur in Bellary, xiii. 383 ;
railway, over the Ganges into Unao,
xiii. 434 ; railway, over the Vaiga,
near Madura, xiii. 460 ; over the
Vedavati at Hiriyar, and railway, at
Permadevanhalli, xiii. 465 ; over the
Wainganga at Chhapara, xiii. 512;
railway, over the Wadha at Pulgaon,
xiii. 530 ; railway, over the Chenab at
Wazirabad, xiii. 535 ; wooden, over the
Win-ba-daw creek, xiii. 537.

Briggs, Lt.-Col., translation of Firishta's
History of the Rise of the Mithammadan
Power in India, article 'India,' vi. 271,
273 (footnote) ; 285 (footnotes 2 and 4) ;
287 (footnote) ; 291 (footnotes). See
Firishta.

Briggs, Capt., chose Dhiilia as capital of
Khandesh, and built the city there, iv.
282.

Brindaban, sacred town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, iii. 100, 101.

Brinjmohan, the trooper who caused the
mutiny at Meerut (1857), ix. 384.

British Administration of India. See
Administration.

British Burma. See Burma.

British conquest of India, not from the
Mughals but from the Hindus, vi. 317.

British India, its twelve Provinces, area
and population in 1 88 1, article 'India,'
vi. 43-45 ; also Appendices I. to X., vi.
689-703.

Brito y Nicote, Philip de, Portuguese ad-
venturer, made himself independent in
Pegu (1600), iii. 173, 176; ordered to
hold Syriam for the Arakanese, be-
sieged there (161 3) by the King of
Aya, and impaled, v. 313, xi. 475.
xiii. 158 ; conquered Taung-ngu, xiii.
223.

Briton, Francis, President of Surat, died



1649, his tomb the earliest in the ceme-
tery, xiii. 135.

Britto, John de, Jesuit priest in Southern
India, murdered (1693), article ' India,'
vi. 245. Local notices — One of the
Madura Jesuits, ix. 122 ; among the
Maravars, ix. 126 ; martyred by the
Raja of t Ramnad, xi. 437 ; in Tinnevelli,
xiii. 303.

Broach, District in Bombay, iii. ioi-ui ;
physical features, 101, 102; population,
102-105; trade guilds, 105; village
officials, 106; agriculture, 106-108;
communications and trade, 108, 109 ;
history, 109; administration, 109, no;
medical aspects, no, in.

Broach, Sub-division of Bombay, iii. in,
112.

Broach, town in Bombay, iii. n 2- 115.

Brocades, article 'India,' vi. 603.
Local notices — Manufactured at Ahmad -
abad, i. 96; Benares, ii. 266, x. 396;
Kathiawar, viii. 96 ; Lucknow, viii.
516 ; Surat, xiii. 129.

Brokpas, tribe in the Hindu Rush, v.
417.

Broughton, Gabriel, surgeon, obtained
maritime settlement for the East India
Company at Balasor (1642), ii. 5.

Brown, Capt. James, his settlement of
Hazaribagh (1774), v. 371.

Brown, J. H., astronomer at Trivandrum
Observatory (1852-65), xiii. 369.

Browne, Col. Horace, led expedition to
open trade route through Burma (1874),
iii. 228 ; Resident at Mandalay (1879),
iii. 229.

Browne, Sir S. J., took Ali Masjid and
occupied Khaibar Pass (1878), viii.
127.

Brownlow, Sir C. H., commanded the
column from Chittagong against the
Lushais (1870-71), iii. 449, viii. 531.

Bruce's Annals (1668), quoted, on Chaul,
iii. 376.

Bruce, Robert, commander of flotilla in
first Burmese war, discovered wild tea
plant in Assam (1823), i. 365, iv. 135.

Brushas, tribe in the Hindu Rush, v.
417.

Bryce, Dr., pastor of St. Andrew's Kirk,
Calcutta, dispute with Bishop Middle-
ton, iii. 253.

Brydon, Dr., the solitary survivor of the
Kabul garrison in its retreat from
Afghanistan, vi. 408.

Bubak, town in Sind, iii. 115.

Bucephala, memorial city on the west
bank of the Jehlam, founded by
Alexander, and named after his
favourite charger, Bucephalus, near
the modern Jalalpur, vi. 165, vii. 81.

Buchanan - Hamilton, Dr. Francis, his



INDEX.



53



MS. Survey of Bengal, quoted, article
' India,' vi. 205, 206 (footnote 4) ; 207
(footnote 1). Local notices — quoted, on
the population of Bengal, ii. 292 ;
of Dinajpur, iv. 291, 292 ; on Fatwa,
iv. 435 ; the ruins of Gaur, v. 37 ;
of Giriyak, v. 85 ; on Gokarn, v. 142 ;
the population of Goalpara, v. 114;
on Jahanabad, vii. 43 ; the Jamuna,
vii. 135 ; the ruins of Kamatapur, vii.
351 ; on the Kols and Cherus, viii.
253 ; on silk-weaving in Maldah, ix.
245 ; discovered Buddhist idols at
Masar, ix. 351 ; the population of
Monghyr, ix. 490 ; the ruins of Pan-
duah, xi. 41, 42 ; of Patana, xi. 84 ;
the estate of Patgram, xi. 85 ; Patna
in 1S10, xi. 108 ; the population of
Purniah, xi. 324; the Rajagriha anti-
quities, xi. 380, 381 ; population of
Rajmahal, xi. 390 ; of Rangpur, xi.
492 ; the hot springs of Rishikund,
xii. 57 ; temples at Rohtasgarh, xii. 78 ;
does not mention the Santals, xii. 237 ;
population of Seringapatam in 1800,
xii. 319 ; population of Shahabad, xii.
326 ; the Falls of Sivasamudram, xiii.
43 ; the Tangan River, xiii. 179.

Buckingham and Chandos, Duke of,
Governor of Madras (1875-80), ix.
67.

Buckingham Canal in Madras, navigation
on, article ' India,' vi. 553. Local
notices — Chengalpat, iii. 381 ; Madras,
ix. 115 ; Nellore, x. 269, 270.

Bud-Bud, village in Bengal, iii. 115.

Budaun, District in N.-W. Provinces, iii.
1 15-124 ; physical aspects, 115-117;
history, 117 -119; population, 119,
120; agriculture, 1 20, 1 21 ; natural
calamities, 121, 122; commerce,
etc., 122, 123; administration, 123;
medical aspects, 123, 124.

Budaun, tahsil of N.-W. Provinces, iii.

I24 -
Budaun, city in N.-W. Provinces, iii.

124, 125.
Buddha, The Sakya, article ' India,' vi.
176, 177. Local notices — Born at
Kapila, identified with Nagar-Khas, i.
426, vii. 440, x. 157; preached at Ahich-
hatra, ii. 107 ; lived at Benares, ii. 263 ;
Buddh Gaya, iii. 125 ; died at Kasia,
viii. 79 ; legend in connection with
Mahamuni Pagoda, ix. 156 ; with
Patna, xi. 106, 107 ; his cave at Raja-
griha, xi. 381 ; his visits to Sahet
Mahet (Sravasti), xii. 126-134 ; first
preached at Sarnath, xii. 269 ; said to
have worshipped at Seringapatam, xii.

319-

Buddha, his Life, his Doctrine, his Order, hy
Oldenberg, quoted, vi. 161 (footnote 3).



Buddha, Kasyapa, born and buried at
Tandwa, v. 507.

Buddh Gaya, village jn Bengal, iii. 125-127.

Buddhain, hill in Gaya District, Bengal,
iii. 127.

Buddhism, and life of Gautama Buddha,
article ' India,' vi., chap. v. pp. 132-162.
The story of Buddha modelled on the
pre-existing Indian epic type, 132-135 ;
Buddha and Rama compared, 132 ;
parentage of Buddha, his youth and early
married life, 133 ; his Great Renuncia-
tion, 133, 134 ; his Temptation in the
forest, 134; his 'Enlightenment,' 134,
135 ; his public teachings and disciples,
135 ; his conversions in the Gangetic
valley, and of his own family, 135, 136 ;
his last words and death, 136 ; different
versions of the legend of Buddha, 136,
137 ; biographies of Buddha, 137, 138 ;
the southern and northern versions,
138; political life of Buddha, 139;
defeat of his opponents by magical arts,
139, 140 ; overthrow of the schismatic
Devadatta, 140 ; Buddha as a Sakya
prince, 140 ; Chinese text of Buddha's
dying discourse, 141 ; his doctrines,
141 ; law of LCarnia, 141, 142 ; law of
A'irvana or 'liberation,' 142; moral
code of Buddhism, 143 ; missionary
aspects of Buddhism, 143 ; the four
great Buddhist Councils, 143-147; the
work of Asoka, his great Council, 144-
146 ; his Rock Edicts, 144, 145 ;
Asoka's missionary efforts, 146, 147 ;
his reformed canon of the Buddhist
scriptures, 146, 147 ; Kanishka*s
Council and his three commentaries
on the Buddhist faith, 147 ; the
northern and southern canons, 147,
148 ; Buddhism as a national religion,
148 ; its religious orders and practi-
cal morality, 148, 149 ; spread of
Buddhism in the south to Ceylon, and
in the north to China, 149, 150 ;
Buddhist influence on Christianity, 150,
151 ; Buddha as a Christian saint, 151 ;
legend of saints Barlaam and Josaphat,
151, 152 ; a Japanese temple, its
analogies to Hinduism and Christianity,
152; Buddha as an incarnation of
Vishnu, 153 ; Buddha's personality
denied, 153, 154 ; continuous co-
existence of Buddhism and Brahman-
ism, 154 ; modern Hinduism, the
joint product of both religions, 154,

155 ; Buddhism in India in the 7th
century A. D., 156; Council of Siladitya,

156 ; Siladitya's charity, 156, 157 ;
monastery of Nalanda, 157 ; mingling
of Buddhism and Brahmanism, 157 ;
victory of Brahmanism, 157, 158 ;
Buddhism an exiled religion from India,



54



INDEX.



158 ; its foreign conquests, 158 ;
Buddhist survivals in India, 158-162 ;
the Jains, 158-162; Jain doctrines, 159;
Jain temple cities, 159 ; relation of
Jainism to Buddhism, 159, 160; anti-
quity of the Jains, 160, 161 ; date of
the Jain scriptures, 161, 162 ; the
Jains an independent sect, 162 ; modern
Jainism, 162.

Buddhist antiquities, in Afghanistan, i.
53 ; Afghan-Turkistan, i. 56 ; Ajodhya,
i. 134 ; Allahabad, i. 186, 198 ;
Amherst, i. 236, 237 ; Amravati, i.
251, 252; Araraj, i. 306; Asarur, i.
2,37 5 Aurungabad, i. 388 ; Bagh, i.
414 ; Bahraich, i. 427 ; in Bara Banki,
ii. 107; Barabar Hills, ii. 116; Bar-
kur, ii. 157; in Behar, ii. 227; Behir,
ii. 229 ; Benares, ii. 266 ; Bezwada,
ii. 336 ; Bhagalpur, ii. 348 ; Bhilsa, ii.
393> 394; Buddh Gaya, hi. 125-127;
Champaran, iii. 334, 335 ; Chaul, iii.
377 ; Chiphin, iii. 421 ; Dalmi, iv.
100 ; Dam-ma-tha, iv. 104 ; Dheri
Shahan, iv. 270 ; Ellora, iv. 349 ;
Eran, iv. 354; Gaya, v. 47, 49;
Ghazipur, v. 63 ; Gorakhpur, v. 165 ;
Hpa-gat, v. 465, 466 ; Ikauna, v. 507 ;
Jaggayyapet, vii. 42 ; Laghman valley,
vii. 76 ; Jhang, vii. 207 ; Junagarh,
vii. 263 ; Junnar, vii. 264 ; Kamrup,
vii. 356; Karakal, vii. 463; Karanja,vii.
467 ; Kasia, viii. 79; Kathiawar, viii. 90;
Khajurahu, viii. 140 ; Khandgiri, viii.

159 ; Kolhapur, viii. 285 ; Mahabali-



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