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Persia and of India, 237 ; localization
of the legend of St. Thomas, 237-239 ;
embassy of Alfred the Great to India
(S33), 239 ; troubles of the ancient
Indian Church, 240 ; the Nestorian St.
Thomas Christians of Malabar, a power-
ful and respected military caste, 240,
241 ; Portuguese efforts at their con-
version to Rome, 241 ; Synod of
Diamper (1599), 241, 242; Mala-
bar Christians freed from Portuguese
oppressions by the Dutch, 242, 243 ;
Jacobite and Syrian Christians in Mala-
bar, 243 ; extinction of Nestorianism
in Malabar, 243, 244 ; early Portu-
guese missionaries indentified with
Portuguese aggressions, 244 ; Xavier
and the Jesuits (1542), 244, 245 ; work
done by the Madras Jesuits, 245, 246 ;
early Jesuit stations in India, 246 ;
conquest and conversion the basis of
Portuguese Indian rule, 246, 247 ;
parochial organization of Portuguese
India, 247 ; Jesuit station of Thana
(1550), its Christian craftsmen and
cultivators, 247, 248 ; Jesuit rural
organization, 248 ; Cochin, a Jesuit
collegiate city, 248, 249 ; Jesuit itiner-
aries and conversions, 250, 251 ; the
Malabar Mission in the 17th and 1 8th
centuries, 251 ; caste questions among
Malabar Christians, 251,252; Chris-
tian martyrdoms, 252, 253 ; establish-
ment of the inquisition at Goa, 253,
254 ; autos da ft', 254 ; persecutions
and aggressions by Portuguese, 254 ;
Goa inquisition abolished (1812), 254 ;
suppression of the Jesuits (1759), 254,



INDEX.



7r



255 ; their re-establishment (iSi-O,
255 ; organization of Roman Catholic
Missions in India, 255 ; separate
jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Goa,
255, 256 ; distribution of Roman
Catholics, 257 ; the Verapoli vicariate
in Travancore, 257 ; Syrian and Roman
Catholic Christians, 257 ; statistics of
Roman Catholic population of India,
258 ; Roman Catholic progress, 259 ;
Pondicherri Mission, 259 ; Catholic
colleges and schools, 259 ; first Protes-
tant Missions in India, 259, 260 ;
vernacular translation of the Bible
(1725), 260; Protestant missionaries
in Tanjore, Calcutta, and Serampur,

260 ; opposition of the East India
Company to Missions, 260 ; Bishopric
of Calcutta, 261 ; other Indian sees,

261 ; Presbyterian and other Protestant
Missions, 261 ; statistics of Protestant
Missions, 261, 262 ; increase of native
Protestants, 262, 263 ; extended use of
native agency, 263 ; rapid develop-
ment of school work of Protestant
Missions, 262, 263 ; general statistics
of Christian population in India, 263,
264 ; Protestant denominational sta-
tistics, 264, 265 ; Indian Ecclesiastical
establishment, 266, 267. Local notices
— Christian population especially nume-
rous or otherwise noteworthy in Agra,
i. 76; Ahmadabad, i. 86; Ahmad -
nagar District, i. 100, city, i. 109 ;
Akyab, i. 154 ; Allahabad District, i.
188, city, i. 195 ; Ambala, i. 226 ;
Amherst, i. 237 ; Anandapur (Christian
village), i. 272 ; Anjengo, i. 291 ;
North Arcot, i. 314, 315 ; South Arcot,
i. 322, 323 ; Assam, i. 358, 359 ; Atur,
i. 3S2 ; Bakarganj, i. 443 ; Bangalore
District, ii. 61, city, ii. 69; Bareilly,
ii. 141 ; Bassein (Wasai), ii. 191 ;
Bassein District, ii. 196, town, ii.
201 ; Behar, ii. 225 ; Belgaum, ii.
232 ; Bellary District, ii. 243, town,
ii. 250 ; Benares, ii. 257 ; Bengal, ii.
295 ; Bettia, ii. 327, 328 ; Bombay
Presidency, iii. 52, city, iii. 80 ; Lower
Burma, iii. 179, 180, 196; Calcutta,
iii. 256 ; Calicut, iii. 268 ; Cannanore,
iii. 275 ; Cawnpur District, iii. 283,
city, iii. 292 ; Central Provinces, iii.
317 ; Champaran, iii. 338 ; Chen-
galpat, iii. 383 ; Chhagan Gobra
(Christian village), iii. 394 ; Chitta-
gong, iii. 438 ; Cochin State, iv.
4, town, iv. II ; Coimbatore District,
iv. 16, 17, town, iv. 21 ; Coorg, iv.
35 ; Cuddapah, iv. 50 ; Cuttack Dis-
trict, iv. 69, town, iv. 75 ; Dacca,
iv. 83 ; Daman, iv. 103 ; Dehra Dun,
iv. 172 ; Delhi, iv. 181 ; Dharwar, iv.



259 ; Dindigal, iv. 301 ; Faizabad, iv.
383 ; Faridpur, iv. 401 ; Firozpur, iv.
442 ; Ganjam, v. 5 ; Goa, v. 90 ;
Godavari, v. 126 ; Berar, v. 267 ;
Hanthawadi, v. 314; Hassan, v. 347,
348 ; Henzada, v. 385 ; Howrah
town, v. 464 ; Jabalpur District, vii.
23, city, vii. 37 ; Jalandhar, vii.
87 ; Kadur, vii. 285 ; Kaira, vii. 302 ;
North Kanara, vii. 370, 371 ; South
Kanara, vii. 378, 379 ; Karachi Dis-
trict, vii. 447, city, vii. 455 ; the
Karens, viii. 6 ; Karniil, viii. 36, 37 ;
Khandesh, viii. 154 ; Khasi Hills, viii.
174 ; Kistna, viii. 229 ; Kolhapur,
viii. 283 ; Kotayam, viii. 310 ;
Kumaun, viii. 352 ; Lahore, viii. 407,
408 ; Lohardaga, viii. 480, 481 ;
Lucknow, viii. 516; Madras Presi-
dency, ix. 23-25, city, ix. 108 ;
Madura, ix. 125 ; Malabar, ix. 228 ;
Mangalore, ix. 313, 314 ; Meerut Dis-
trict, ix. 386, town, ix. 393 ; Mergui,
ix. 408 ; Monghyr, ix. 483, 484 ;
Moradabad, ix. 507, 508 ; Multan, x.
6 ; Mysore State, x. 97, District, x.
117 ; Nadiya, x. 132, 134 ; Nagarkoil,
x. 158 ; Nagpur District, x. 169,
city, x. 174 ; Nasik, x. 229 ; Nega-
patam, x. 258 ; Nellore, x. 264 ;
Nilgiri Hills, x. 308; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 372, 373 ; Ongole, x.
423, 424 ; Orissa, x. 434, 436, 437 ;
Oudh, x. 497 ; Palghat, x. 543 ; Patna,
xi. 99 ; Peshawar District, xi. 142,
city, xi. 159; Poona District, xi. 205,
city, xi. 210; Punjab, xi. 274;
Rangoon District, xi. 476, city, xi.
485 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 7 ; Rawal Pindi,
xii. 26 ; Riirki, xii. 85 ; Sagar, xii.
104; Saharanpur, xii. 118; Salem
District, xii. 159, town, xii. 166 ;
Santal Parganas, xii. 230, 231 ; Shah-
jahanpur, xii. 347 ; Shimoga, xii.
401 ; Shwe-gyin, xii. 431 ; Sialkot,
xii. 451 ; Simla, xii. 493 ; Sind, xii.
517, 519; Singhbhum, xii. 534, 535,
536 ; Tangasseri, xiii. 180 ; Tanjore
District, xiii. 184, 185, city, xiii.
194 ; Taung-ngu, xiii. 223, 224 ;
Tavoy, xiii. 230, 231 ; Thana District,
xiii. 252, 253, town, xiii. 258 ;
Tharawadi, xiii. 272 ; Thayet-myo,
xiii. 280 ; Thon-gwa, xiii. 290 ; Tinne-
velli, xiii. 302-304 ; Tiruvella, xiii.
329 ; Tranquebar, xiii. 341 ; Travan-
core, xiii. 347, 348 ; Trichinopoli
District, xiii. 358, city, xiii. 364 ;
Tuticorin, xiii. 385 ; Twenty-four Par-
ganas, xiii. 393 ; Utakamand. xiii.
452 ;Virarajendra-pet (Christian village),
xiii. 477, 478 ; Vizagapatam District,
xiii. 490, town, xiii. 497. See also



72



INDEX.



Catholics, Missions, and Syrian Chris-
tians.

Christopher, Lt., R.N., his survey of the
Maldive Islands (1834-35), ix. 249.

Chronicle of the Pathdn Kings of Delhi,
by Mr. E. Thomas, quoted, article
4 India,' vi. 271 (footnote); 280, 281
(footnotes); 283 (footnote 1) ; 284
(footnote 1); 385 (footnote 3); 287
(footnote 2) ; 291 (footnote) ; 298 (foot-
note 1).

Chronicles, The palm-leaf. See Palm-
leaf chronicles, The.

Chronological table of Governors, Gover-
nors-General, and Viceroys of India
C1758-1885), article ' India,' vi. 384.

Chronological table of Muhammadan
conquerors and dynasties (1001-1857),
article ' India,' vi. 271.

Chronological tables of the various Kings,
Governors, and Lieutenant-Governors
of Bengal, ii. 276-279.

Chronology of early European travellers



Indi



156, 357



to India, article

(footnote).
Chrysolite rosaries, made at Kandahar, i.

39, vii. 391.
Chuadanga, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, iii. 458, 459.
Chudasamas, talukdars in Ahmadabad,

descendants of Hindu dynasty of Juna-

garh, i. 89.
Chunar. See Chanar.
Chunchangiri, hill in Mysore, iii. 459.
Chunchankatta, dam across the Kaveri

river in Mysore, iii. 459.
Chundernagore. See Chandarnagar.
Chunian, town and tahsil in Punjab, iii.

459-

Chura, town and petty State in Kathiawar,
iii. 460.

Churaman, founder of the Jat dynasty of
Bhartpur, ii. 373.

Churaman, village in Bengal, iii. 460.

Churaman, port in Orissa, iii. 460, 461.

Church Missionary Society. See Missions.

Church of England Mission. See Mis-
sions.

Churches (Christian) of interest — the
oldest in Bengal, Bandel, ii. 57 ; old
Roman Catholic (ruined) Bassein
(Wasai), ii. 192; in Calcutta, iii. 251-
253 ; the Memorial, Cawnpur, iii. 292 ;
old Portuguese at Calicut (1525), iii.
269 ; oldest European in India,
Cochin, iv. 12, 13 ; old Syrian at Kota-
yam, viii. 310 ; oldest Protestant in
India, Madras (1678), ix. 107 ; old
Portuguese at Manori, ix. 339 ;
Mapusa, ix. 343 ; Margao, ix. 345 ;
Marmagao, ix. 348 ; St. Thomas'
Mount, xii. 143 ; Syro-Roman at
Sharretalai, xii. 377 ; Memorial to Rev.



T. Huntley, Sialkot, xii. 445 ; Arme-
nian, Surat, xiii. 134 ; old Portuguese,
Trombay, xiii. 370 ; Vypin, xiii. 504.

Churesir, petty State in Bombay, iii. 461.

Churjajira, town in Bengal, iii. 461.

Chura, town in Rajputana, iii. 461.

Chutia, village in Bengal, iii. 461.

Chutia Nagpur, Division of Bengal, iii.
461.

Chutia Nagpur Tributary States, pe:ty
Native States in Bengal, iii. 461-465 ;
population, 462-464 ; administrative
history, 464-466.

Chutiya, semi-Hinduized tribe in Assail,
iii. 466, 467. Local notices — Assam, i.
351 ; Darrang, iv. 145 ; Lakhimpnr,
viii. 428, 430 ; Nowgong, x. 409 ;
Sibsagar, xii. 461, 463.

Cigars, made in Lower Burma, iii. 190 ;
Trichinopoli, xiii. 361, 365.

Cinchona cultivation, article ' India,' vi.
509-511 ; introduction of plant, 509;
the plantations in S. India and at
Darjiling, 509, 510; statistics of out-
turn and financial results, 510, 511.
Local notices — Anjinad, i. 292 ; Kal-
hatti in Baba. Budan, i. 403 ; Bengal,
ii. 271 and 305 ; Biligiri-rangan, ii. 457 ;
Coorg, iv. yj ; Dalingkot, iv. 98 ;
Darjiling, iv. 136, 137 ; Kalhatti in
Kadur, vii. 287 ; Madras, ix. 34, 35,
86 ; Merkara, viii. 413 ; Mysore, x.
102 ; Nilgiri Hills, x. 316-318 ; Ochter-
lony valley, x. 421 ; Shevaroy Hills,
xii. 383 ; Sitang, xiii. 27 ; Taung-ngu,
xiii. 225 ; Tavoy, xiii. 231 ; Utaka-
mand, xiii. 454 ; Yedenalknad, xiii.

55°-
Cinnamon, found in Bhutan, ii. 414 ;

Cachar, iii. 234 ; South Kanara, vii.

376; Khasi Hills, viii. 173; Khyrim,

viii. 215 ; Madura, ix. 121 ; Malabar,

ix. 229, 230, 231 ; Naga Hills, x. 143 ;

Nilgiri Hills, x. 306 ; Palni Mountains,

xi. 19.
Circars, the Northern, historical name for

tract of country in Madras, iii. 466-469.
Circular Road Canal in Bengal, iii. 469.
Cis-Sutlej States, tract of country in the

Punjab, iii. 470, 471.
Cities over 20,000 inhabitants, article

'India,' vol. vi. Appendix VIII. pp.

696, 697 ; over 50,000 inhabitants —

Agra, i. 68-76 ; Ahmadabad, i. 82-93 ;

Aligarh, i. 178 ; Allahabad, i. 195-199 ;

Ambala, i. 224-226 ; Amritsar, i. 263-

266 ; Bangalore, ii. 66-72 ; Bareilly, ii.

145-147; Baroda, ii. 170-173; Bellary,

ii. 250, 251; Benares, ii. 262-267;

Bhagalpur, ii. 352, 353 ; Bhartpur, ii.

375S77 ; Bombay, iii. 73-84 ; Calcutta,

iii. 239-26S ; Calicut, iii. 26S-270 ;

Cawnpur, iii. 289-293 ; Chapra, iii.



INDEX.



271-273 ; Combaconum, iv. 24 ; Dacca,
iv. 89-92; Darbhangah, iv. 126-128;
Delhi, iv. 185-197 ; Farukhabad, iv.
417 ; Gaya, v. 53 ; Gorakhpur, v. 172,
173; Haidarabad, v. 252-258; How-
rah, v. 464, 465; Indore, vii. 8-10 ;
Jaipur, vii. 59-61 ; Jalandhar, vii. 91,
92 ; Kabul, vii. 267-275 ; Kamthi, vii.
366, 367 ; Kandahar, vii. 389-398 ;
Karachi, vii. 452 - 460 ; Khatmandu,
viii. 181-185; Lahore, viii. 414-419;
Lucknow, viii. 503-518; Madras, ix.
102-119; Madura, ix. 132-135 ; Man-
dalay, ix. 287-291 ; Maulmain, ix. 370-
372 ; Meerut, ix. 392-394 ; Mirzapur,
ix. 461, 462; Monghyr, ix. 489, 490;
Moradabad, ix. 513, 514; Multan, x.
11-13; Muttra, x. 53, 54; Mysore, x.
122-124; Nagpur, x. 173-175; Nega-
patam, x. 258, 259 ; Patna, xi. 106-
114; Peshawar, xi. 158-160; Poona,
xi. 210-214 ; Rampur, xi. 459 ; Ran-
goon, xi. 481-4S8; Rawal Pindi, xii.
36-38; Saharanpur, xii. 124, 125;
Salem, xii. 166; Shahjahanpur, xii.
355-357; Sholapur, xii. 420-422;
Srinagar, xiii. 75-77 ; Surat, xiii. 132-
136; Tanjore, xiii. 194-196; Trichino-
poli, xiii. 363-365.
Cities, Ruined: — Chandra vati, near Mount
Abu, i. 8 ; in Afghanistan, i. 53 ; in
Afghan-Turkistan, i. 56 ; Agroha, i.
78 ; Ahar, i. 81 ; Ajodhya, i. 134, 135 ;
Amber, i. 228 ; Aror, i. 332 ; Asarur,
i. 237 ; Atari, i. 375 ; Badrihat, i. 410 ;
Bajwara, i. 439; Barkalur, ii. 156;
Barkur, ii. 156; Bassana, ii. 176;
Basrur, ii. 190; Bausi, ii. 217; Bhad-
reswar, ii. 340 ; Bhadraoti, near Bhains-
ror, ii. 356 ; Bham, ii. 358 ; Bhambore,
ii. 359 ; Bhandak, ii. 359 ; Bikrampur,
ii. 444 ; Bilram, ii. 459 ; Brahmanabad,
iii. 91 ; Champaner, iii. 333, 334 ;
Chanderi, iii. 358 ; in Delhi District,
iv. 179, 189; Deogarh, iv. 202; at
Dheri Shahan, iv. 269, 270 ; Dimapur,
iv. 289, 290; Garhgaon, v. 14, 15;
Gaur, v. 35-41 ; Old Goa, v. 108 ;
Golconda, v. 143, 144 ; Goraghat, v.
163; Hampi, v. 306-308; Harappa,
v. 319 ; Hastinapur, v. 352 ; in Hlaing,
v. 435 ; Humcha, v. 501, 502 ; Ikkeri,
v. 508 ; Irich, vii. 23, 24 ; Jalalpur,
vii. 81 ; Kamatapur, vii. 351 ; Kasim-
bazar, viii. 80, 81 ; Kasipur, viii. 82 ;
Kayal, viii. 107, 108 ; Khajurahu, viii.
140, 141 ; Kotae, viii. 302, 303 ;
Maibang, ix. 187, 188 ; Malot, ix. 263 ;
Mandawar, ix. 292, 293 ; Mandogarh,
ix. 308, 309 ; Mandor, ix. 309 ; Manik-
pur, ix. 32 T ; Mudbidri, ix. 525 ; Munj,
x. 15; Nalchha, x. 182; Panduah
(Hugh), xi. 39; Panduah (Maldah),



xi. 39-42 ; Rajagriha, xi. 380, 381 ;
Rajmahal, xi. 390 ; Rangamati, xi.
469; Rangpur (Assam), xi. 501,502;
Rapri, xi. 511 ; Sabhar, xii. 88; Sahet
Mahet or Sravasti, xii. 126-134; San-
gala, xii. 213, 214; Sankisa, xii. 223,
224 ; Satgaon, xii. 286 ; in Shimoya,
xii. 402, 403 ; Simraon, xii. 501, 502 ;
Subalgarh, xiii. 83 ; Sugh, xiii. 87, 88 ;
Talamba, xiii. 163; Tandan, xiii. 175,
176; in Thar and Parkar, xiii. 267;
Tiruvakarai, xiii. 328 ; Uchh, xiii. 400 ;
Old Udaipur, xiii. 413 ; Ya-theth-myo,
xiii. 549.

Citron, in Upper Burma, iii. 210.

Civil Engineering Colleges, Howrah, v.
465 ; Rurki, xii. 86 ; Sibpur, xii. 458,

459-

Clarke, Gen. Sir Alured, acting Governor-
General (1798), ii. 279.

Clarke, Lt., killed at Mangrol (182 1 ),
monument to, ix. 317.

Clay figures, made at Krishnagar, viii.
317 ; Poona, xi. 213.

Clay, Porcelain. See Kaolin.

Cleghorn, Dr., his Forests and Gardens
of Southern India, referred to, ix. 81.

Cleveland, Augustus, Collector of Bhagal-
pur, where he died (1785), ii. 345 ;
monuments to him there, ii. 348, 352 ;
and at Karnagarh, viii. 18 ; his Hill
Rangers, quartered at Karnagarh, viii.
17 ; author of the non-regulation system
by his rules for the Paharias, xii. 228.

Climate. See the section, Medical as-
pects, at the end of the articles on the
various Districts, the principal Native
States, and large cities ; and especially
Mount Abu, i. 6 ; Aden, i. 20 ; Af-
ghanistan, i. yi •> 38 ; Assam, i. 372,
373 ; Baluchistan, ii. 35, 36 ; Baroda,
ii. 169; Bengal, ii. 321, 322; Bhutan,
ii. 415 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 72,
city, iii. 83, 84 ; Lower Burma, iii.
207, 208 ; Calcutta, iii. 260 ; Central
Provinces, iii. 321-323; Cochin, iv. 9,
10; Coorg, iv. 41, 42; Darjiling, iv.
139; Gwalior, v. 228, 229; Haidar-
abad State, v. 243, 244 ; Berar, v. 260,
261 ; Haidarabad (Sind), v. 285 ;
Jaipur, vii. 58 ; Jodhpur, vii. 245, 246 ;
Karachi, vii. 450, 451 ; Kashmir, viii.
75, 76; Lahore, viii. 413; Lucknow,
viii. 501 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 79,
city, ix. 119 ; Mahabaleshwar, ix. 143 ;
Maldive Islands, ix. 252 ; Mandalay,
ix. 291 ; Manipur, ix. 233^ 334 :
Nagpur, x. 172; Nicobar Llands, x.
298; Nilgiri Hills, x. 325; N.-W.
Provinces, x. 403, 404 ; Orissa, x. 467,
468; Oudh, x. 510; Poona, xi. 213;
Punjab, xi. 291, 292; Rajputana, xi.
421-423; Rangoon, xi. 481 ; Shevaroy



74



USiDEX.



Hills, xii. 384, 385 ; Shillong, xii. 399 ;
Simla, xii. 495 ; Sind, xii. 524, 525 ;
Spiti, xiii. 73 '■> Tanjore, xiii. 193 ;
Travancore, xiii. 353 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 363 ; Upper Sind Frontier, xiii.
448 ; Wellington, xiii. 536.

Give, Robert, 1st Lord, struggle with
Dupleix in the Karnatik, article ' India,'
V1 - 37&> 379 5 defence of Arcot, 379 ; re-
capture of Calcutta, 381, 382 ; battle of
Plassey and its results, 382 ; his jagir,
383, 384 ; appointed Governor of Ben-
gal, 3S4 ; his second Governorship,
386 ; his partition of the Gangetic
valley, 387 ; grant of the diwdni of
Bengal, ^87 ; reorganization of the
Company's service, ^8"j. Local notices —
Took Aligarh (1756), i. 179; defence
of Arcot (1751), i. 309, 310; took Ami
(i75i), i- 332; and Baj-Baj (1756), i.
438; Governor of Bengal (1765-67),
ii. 278 ; stormed Angria's strongholds
(1756), iii. 38; retook Calcutta (1757),
iii. 242; began the new Fort William,
iii. 242 ; tried to improve Calcutta, iii.
244; took Chengalpat (1752), iii. 389;
in the Northern Circars, iii. 469 ; took
Conjevaram (175 1), iv. 27; and Cove-
long, iv. 44 ; in command at Cuddalore
(1755), iv. 46 ; and at Fort St. David's
(1756), iv. 162; his narrow escape at
siege of Devikota (1749), iv. 234 ; sent
Col. Forde to the Northern Circars
I 1 759)5 v - 3 5 joined by Morari Rao in
relief of Arcot, v. 160 ; defeated the
French at Kaveripak (1752), viii. 105 ;
took Viziadrug (1756), viii. 263, xiii.
499 ; importance of the defence of
Arcot to Madras, ix. 12 ; quoted on
Murshidabad, x. 23 ; held first English
ftinya or settlement of the revenues of
Bengal there (1766), x. 37 ; his victory
of Plassey (1757), xi. 193, 194; took
Tanna (1756), xiii. 198; and Trimeri
(1751), xiii. 297 ; went to Arcot to draw
off Chanda Sahib from Trichinopoli,
xiii. 356 ; was granted the Twenty-four
Parganas (1759), with reversion to the
Company, xiii. 390 ; nearly captured
by the Frt-nch at Viruddhachalam
(1751), xiii. 480; got the farmdn for
the Northern Circars (1765), xiii. 485.

Clive, 2nd Lord, Governor of Madras
(1798-1803), ix. 67.

Close, Col. Barry, refused help to Nawab
of Bhopal, ii. 404 ; Closepet named
after him, iii. 471 ; commanded the
advance on Sironj, then held by Amir
Khan (1809), xi.i. 8.

Closepet, town and taluk in Mysore, iii.
47i, 472.

Cloth. See Cotton -weaving.

Cloth of gold. See Brocade.



Clyde, Lord. See Campbell, Sir Colin.
Coal and coal mining, article 'India,' vi.
41 ; 619 ; history of" Bengal coal mining,

619, 620 ; coal in the Central Provinces,

620, 621 ; Raniganj coal-fields, 621 ;
outlying coal-beds, 621, 622; future of
Indian coal, 622 ; geology of Indian
coal-fields, 636, 637. Local notices —
Found in Afghanistan, i. yj ; Angul, i.
290 ; Assam, i. 347, 348 ; Ballalpur,
ii. 17; Bannu, ii. 90; Bard wan, ii.
127, 133, 134; Baurgarh, ii. 217 ; Bed-
dadanol, ii. 223; Bengal, ii. 271, 273,
274 ; Betul, ii. 329, 332 ; Bilaspur, ii.
452; Bisrampur, iii. 17, 18; Bokaro,
iii. 23 ; in hills above Jaitpur, iii. 166 ;
Lower Burma, iii. 201 ; Upper Burma,
iii. 211 ; Central India, iii. 295; Cen-
tral Provinces, iii. 300 ; Champaran,
iii- 337 ; Chanda, iii. 349 ; Chang
Bhakar, iii. 366 ; Chaukidanga, iii.
375. 376 ; Cherra Punji,^ iii. 393;
Chhindwara, iii. 399 ; Chita Rewa, iii.
429 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 447 ;
Chope, iii. 456 ; Cutch, iv. 60 ; Dal-
tonganj, iv. 100 ; Darjiling, iv. 130,
138 ; Darrangiri, iv. 150; Dera Ghazi
Khan, iv. 210; Dhoba-khal, iv. 270;
Dihing, iv. 288 ; Gangpur, iv. 478 ;
Garo Hills, v. 26 ; on the Ghugus, v.
76 ; Haidarabad, v. 241 ; Berar, v.
260 ; Hazaribagh, v. 378 ; Henzada,
v. 384; Hoshangabad, v. 442 ; Itkuri,
vii. 28 ; Jabalpur, vii. 34, 35 ; Jaintia
Hills, vii. 49 ; Jaipur (Assam), vii. 61 ;
Jamuna river, vii. 136 ; Jehlam, vii.
167, 168, 175 ; Jharia, vii. 228, 229 ;
Kangra, vii. 412 ; Karanpura, vii. 468,
469 ; Karharbari, viii. 8, 9 ; Kashmir,
viii. 67; Khasi Hills, viii. 173 ; Korba,
viii. 296 ; Korea, viii. 297 ; Kyauk-
pyu, viii. 386 ; La-ka-dong, viii. 423,
424 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 427, 435, 436 ;
Lohardaga, viii. 477 ; Madras, ix. 5 ;
Mahadeo river, ix. 154 ; Deori on the
Little Mahanadi, ix. 164 ; Makum, ix.
216 ; Manbhiim (Jharia), ix. 284 ;
Manipur, ix. 324 ; Mao-beh-larkar, ix.
343 ; Mao-don, ix. 343 ; Mao-san-ram,
ix. 343 ; Mergui, ix. 407 ; Naga Hills,
x. 144 ; Narsinghpur, x. 222 ; Nicobar
Islands, x. 295 ; Nong-stoin, x. 354 ;
Nowgong, x. 407 ; Orissa Tributary
States, x. 471 ; Rajmahal Hills, xi.
391 ; Ramgarh, xi. 466 ; Raniganj, xi.
503-506 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 22 ; Rewa,
xii. 46 ; Saffrai river, xii. 99 ; the
Salt Range, xii. 171 ; the Sameswari
river, xii. 189, 190 ; Santal Parganas,
xii. 227, 234; Sarguja, xii. 267; Sheila,
xii. y]8 ; Sher river, xii. 379 ; Shwe-
g\ in, xii. 430 ; Siarsol, xii. 453 ; Sib-
sagar, xii. 460 ; Siju, xii. 477 ; Sita-



INDEX.



75



fampur, xiii. 39 ; Sylhet, xiii. 145 ;

Talcher, xiii. 164; Tapasf, xiii. 199;

Udaipur (Bengal), xiii. 411 ; Warora,

xiii. 532 ; Wan, xiii. 538, 544.
Coalition of Vishnuism with Islam in

Kabir's teaching, article ' India,' vi.

219.
Coal-miners, High wages of, in Bardwan,

ii. 133-

Coasting trade of India and coast shipping,

article 'India,' vi. 583-586.
Cobalt in Raj pu tana, article ' India,' vi.

626. Local notices — Jaipur, vii. 52 ;

Ra.jputi.na, xi. 401 ; Khetri in Shaik-

hawati, xii. 371.
Cobra di Capello, The, article ' India,' vi.

660.
Cocanada, town, port, and Sub-division

in Madras, iii. 472.
Cochin, State in S. India, iv. 1-10 ;

physical aspects, I, 2 ; history, 2-4 ;

population, 4, 5 ; agriculture, 5, 6 ;

commerce and manufactures, 6, 7 ;

means of communication, 7 5 religious

and other institutions, 7, 8 ; natural

calamities, 8 ; administration, 8, 9 ;

medical aspects, 9, 10.
Cochin, tdhik in Madras, iv. 10, II.
Cochin, town in Madras, iv. n-13 ;

history, 11-13; the Jesuit Collegiate
• city of the 1 6th century, vi. 248-250 ;

first establishment of Portuguese factory

at (1500), vi. 358.
Cochineal, in Dhenkanal, iv. 269 ; North

Kanara, viii. 372.
Cock-fighting, a favourite amusement in

Upper Burma, iii. 212.
Cockered, Mr., murdered at Banda

during Mutiny (1857), viii. 56.
Cocks, Mr. A. H., special commissioner,

was unable to clear Etah of mutineers

(i857), iv. 362.
Cocoa-nut palms, in the Agoada headland,

i. 59; Alibagh, i. 166; Amalapiiram,

i. 207 ; Amherst, i. 239 ; Amrapur, i.

251 ; Anantapur, i. 277 ; Andaman

Islands, i. 286 ; South Arcot, i. 323 ;

Arkalgad, i. 330 ; Bakarganj, i. 441,

445 ; Bangalore, ii. 63 ; Beliapatam,

ii. 239 ; Bellary, ii. 245 ; Bombay, iii.

45 ; Budihal, iii. 128 ; Calimere Point,

iii. 270 ; Chengalpat, iii. 380 ; Chik-

nayakanhalli, iii. 411 ; Chitaldrdg, iii.

426; Cochin, iv. 2, 5; the Cocos Islands,

iv. 13 ; Coimbatore, iv. 18 ; Dacca, iv.

85 ; Diu, iv. 305 ; Goa, v. 92, 93 ;

Godavari, v. 122 ; Hassan, v. 349 ;

Honavalli, v. 439 ; Howrah, v. 463 ;

Janjira, vii. 139 ; North Kanara, vii.

369, 372 ; South Kanara, vii. 375,

3S0 ; Kankanhalli, vii. 433, 434 ;

Karwar, viii. 53 ; Kolaba, viii. 260 ;

the Konkan, viii. 289, 291 ; Kumpta,



361 ; Kwa, viii. 382 ; the Laccadive
Islands, viii. 393, 396 ; Madia-, ix.
29, 30, 87 ; Madura, ix. 121 ; Madu-
rantakam, ix. 135 ; Mahe, ix. 171 ;
Malabar, ix. 230 ; the Maldive Islands,
ix. 251 ; bangalore, ix. 313 ; Mergui,
ix. 409 ; Mysore State, x. 100, 102,
District, x. 119 ; Nellore, x. 268 ; the
Nicobar Islands, x. 295, 297 ; Noakhali,
x. 339, 347 ; Nuzvid, x. 420 ; Ranic.v
waram, xi. 443 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 3, 4,
9 ; Salsette Island, xii. 169 ; Sandwip
Island, xii. 210 ; Savanur, xii. 293 ;
Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Shimoga, xii.
400 ; Tanjore, xiii. 180, 188 ; Travan-
core, xiii. 342, 349 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 360 ; Tripunathorai, xiii. 367 ;
Tumkur, xiii. 376, 378, 381 ; Vengurla,
xiii. 469 ; Yellapur, xiii. 553.

Cocos, The, islands in the Bay of Bengal,
iv. 13, 14.

Coffee cultivation, article ' India,' vi.
502-504 ; its introduction into India,
502 ; area under cultivation, 502, 503 ;
suitable sites for gardens, 503 ; pro-
cesses of preparation, 503, 504 ; exports
of, 575. Local notices — Aigur, i. 111 ;
Anamalai Hills, i. 271 ; Anantagiri, i.
273 ; Anjinad, i. 292 ; Baba Budan,
i. 401, 402; Balasor (Banasura), ii. 11 ;
Cardamom Hills, iii. 276 ; Chikalda,
iii. 408 ; Chikmagalur, iii. 41 1 ; Cochin,
iv. 5, 6 ; Coimbatore, iv. 18 ; Coonoor,
iv. 28 ; Coorg, iv. 31, 32, 33, 36, 37 ;
Devala, iv. 231 ; Galikonda Hills, iv.
461 ; Gudalur, v. 176 ; Hassan, v.
348, 349 ; Jambiir, vii. 121 ; Kadur,
vii. 286, 287 ; North Kanara, vii. 372 ;
South Kanara, vii. 382 ; Kiggat-nad,
viii. 216 ; Kolakambai, viii. 272 ;
Koppa, viii. 294 ; Lakvalli, viii. 444 ;
Made, viii. 539 ; Madras, ix. 31, 32,
85, 86; Madura, ix. 120, 129 ; Malabar,
ix. 229, 231 ; Manantavadi, ix. 274 ;
Manjarabad, ix. 334 ; Merkara, ix.
413 ; Mysore, x. 100, 101, 102 ; Nan-
guneri, x. 196 ; Nanjarajpatna, x. 197 ;
Nelliampati Hills, x. 260 ; Nilgiri



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