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mills.

Cotton presses or screws, at Agra, i. 65 ;
Akola, i. 147; Aligarh, i. 178; Am-
raoti, i. 251 ; Badnera (steam), i. 409 ;
Beawar, ii. 222 ; Bhaunagar (steam),
ii. 382 ; Broach (steam), iii. 108 ;
Cawnpur, iii. 292 ; Chandrausi, iii.
357 ; Dhiilia (steam), iv. 282 ; Erode,
i y - 357 5 Firozpur, iv. 447 ; Guntur, v.
205 ; in Berar, v. 271 ; Hinganghat, v.
421, xiii. 527; Jalgaon (steam), vii.
104 ; Karachi, vii. 453 ; Khamgaon,
viii. 144 ; in Khandesh, viii. 157 ;
Khurja, viii. 212 ; Palladam, xi. 13 ;
Saharanpur, xii. 122 ; Shegaon, xii.
y]~] ; Tuticorin (steam), xiii. 386 ;
Wardha, xiii. 529.

Cotton-printing, atAslana, i. 340; Bagru,
i. 420 ; Jahangirabad in Bulandshahr,
iii. 138 ; Faizpur, iv. 389 ; Jambusar,
vii. 122 ; Kadi, vii. 280 ; Kaira, vii.
306 ; Kheri, viii. 196 ; Masulipatam,
ix. 354; Morasa, ix. 516; Murassapur,
x. 16; Murgod, x. 17; Sakhera, xii.
145 ; Sanganer, xii. 217 ; Sitapur, xiii.
36 ; Upper Sind Frontier, xiii. 447 ;
Waso, xiii. 533.

Cotton trade, Centres of, Maimana in
Afghan-Turkistan, i. 55; Akola, i. 147;
Akot, i. 148 ; Amraoti, i. 251 ; Anjen-
gaon, i. 290 ; Ankleswar, i. 293 ;
Anwa, i. 295 ; Atrauli, i. 380 ; Aurang-
abad, i. 388 ; Badnera, i. 409 ; Barsi,
ii. 176; Beawar, ii. 222; Bellary, ii.
247; Bengal, ii. 311, 312; Betigeri,
ii. 327 ; Bhaunagar, ii. 382 ; Bombay,
iii. 76, 77 ; Chopra, iii. 457 ; Coco-
nada, iii. 472 ; Deoli, iv. 203 ; Dhar-
angaon, iv. 250; Dholera, iv. 271;
VOL. XIV.



Dhulia, iv. 282 ; Digras, iv. 287 ;
Faizpur, iv. 389; Gadarwara, iv. 457;
Garag, v. 10; Haveri, v. 358; Hin-
ganghat, v. 421 ; Hingoli, v. 422 ;
Hubli, v. 467 ; Jalgaon, vii. 104 ;
Jammalammadugu, vii. 129 ; Kauriya,
viii. 104 ; Khamgaon, viii. 143 ;
Khurja, viii. 212 ; Kumpta, viii. 360,
361; Manikar Char, ix. 319; Mirpur
Khas, ix. 451; Narsinghpur, x. 224;
Xawabganj, x. 248; Patna, xi. 112;
Pisangan, xi. 188 ; Raipur, xi. 378 ;
Rajapur (N.-W. P.), xi. 385 ; Rani-
bennur, xi. 503; Sahiwal, xii. 137;
Salaya, xii. 149 ; Sankeswar, xii. 222 ;
Sarsa, xii. 270 ; Sarsaganj, xii. 27 1 ;
Selu, xii. 307; Seoni, xii. 315, 316;
Shahganj, xii. 342 ; Shegaon, xii. 377 ;
in Sind, xii. 521 ; Surat, xiii. 134 ;
Tadpatri, xiii. 160; Tuticorin, xiii.
3S6 ; Udaipur (Bengal), xiii. 413 ;
Vadagenhalli, xiii. 460 ; Wadhwan,
xiii. 506 ; Wardha, xiii. 529.
Cotton, Weaving and manufacture of.
Local notices — Abiraman, i. 3 ; Adoni,
i. 26 ; Istalif in Afghanistan, i. 34 ;
Afzalgarh, i. 57 ; Agra, i. 65 ; Agror,
i. 78 ; Ahmadabad, i. 96 ; Ahmad-
nagar, i. 104 ; Akalkot, i. 137 ; Akola,
i. 144 ; Aliabad, i. 165 ; Alipur, i.
181; Ambala, i. 222; Amethi Dungar,
i. 231 ; Amraoti, i. 251 ; Anantapur,
i. 278 ; Andhargaon, i. 287 ; Anji, i. 292 ;
Anupshahr, i. 295 ; Arakan Hill Tracts,
i. 302; North Arcot, i. 317; South
Arcot, i. 326; Armori, i. 331 ; Ami,
i. 331 ; Assam, i. 367 ; Athni, i. 378 ;
Attikuppa, i. 381 ; Bagalkot, i. 413 ;
Bahraich, i. 432 ; Balasor, ii. 9 ; Bal-
rampur, ii. 26 ; Banga, ii. 58 ; Banga-
lore, ii. 64 ; Bankura., ii. 85 ; Bara
Banki, ii. 113; Baragaon, ii. 117;
Barha, ii. 149; Basim, ii. 187 ; Batala,
ii. 216 ; Behar, ii. 228 ; Belgaum, ii.
236 ; Bellary, ii. 247 ; Bengal, ii. 308,
309 ; Betul, ii. 332 ; Bhagalpur, ii.
350 ; Bhandara, ii. 365 ; Blunder, ii.
368 ; Bhaunagar, ii. 380 ; Bhavani, ii.
383 ; Bhera, ii. 386 ; Bhiwapur, ii.
401 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ; Bijnaur
(N.-W. P.), ii- 435; Bijnaur (Oudh),
ii. 436; Bilaspur, ii. 451; Birbhum,
iii. 9; Biria, iii. 12; Bisalnagar, iii.
14; Bishnupur, iii. 16; Bitraganta, iii.
20; Bombay, iii. 58; Bori, iii. 89;
Brahmapuri, iii. 93; Broach, iii. 1 14;
Buldana, iii. 147; Burhanpur, iii. 165 ;
Cachar, iii. 235, 236 ; Cambay, iii.
272 ; Cawnpur, iii. 292 ; Central Pro-
vinces, iii. 319; Chakwal, iii. 327;
Champa, iii. 332; Champaran, iii. 343 ;
Chanda, iii. 354, 355; Chandpur, iii.
361 ; Chandrakona, iii. 364 ; Chengal-



INDEX.



pat, iii. 3&J ; Chhindwara, iii. 402 ;
Chicacole, iii. 407; Chiknayakan-halli,
iii. 411 ; Chikori, iii. 412; Chimur, iii.
417; Chiniot, iii. 41S; Chirala, iii.
421; Chitaldrug, iii. 426, 428; Chitta-
gong, iii. 441 ; Closepet, iii. 471 ;
Coimbatore, iv. 19; Coorg, iv. 38;
Cuddalore, iv. 45 ; Cuddapah, iv. 53 ;
Cutch, iv. 62; Cuttack, iv. 72; Dahba,
iv. 76; Dacca, iv. 85; Dain-hat, iv.
95; Daman, iv. 103; Darbhangah, iv.
125; by the Lepchas in Darjiling, iv.
137; Daudnagar, iv. 158; Deoband,
iv. 199; Deodar, iv. 200; Deori, iv.
205; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 218; Dera
Ismail Khan, iv. 225; Deulgaon Raja,
iv. 230; Dhandhiika, iv. 243; Dhanori,
iv. 244; Dhapewara, iv. 245; Dhar-
angaon, iv. 250; Dharwar, iv. 264;
Dholka, iv. 272; Dhrangadra, iv. 279;
Dhrol, iv. 279; Dhulia, iv. 282; Dod-
ballapur, iv. 311 ; Dodderi, iv. 311 ;
Drug, iv. 317; Etawah, iv. 379;
Farukhabad, iv. 415; Fatehpur(Oudh),
iv. 431 ; Gadarwara, iv. 457; Gambat,
iv. 460; Ganjam, v. 9; Garhakota, v.
13; Garo Hills, v. 31; Godavari, v.
129; Gokak, v. 142; Gondal, v. 157 ;
Gubbi, v. 176; Gudiatham, v. 177;
Gudur, v. 178; Gujrat, v. 197; Guled-
garh, v. 197; Gumgaon, v. 198; Gur-
daspur, v. 212; Gurgha, v. 224; Berar,
v. 270; Haidarabad (Sind), v. 282 ;
Hamirpur, v. 304; Hanthawadi, v. 316;
Hassan, v. 349; Hill Tipperah, v. 400 ;
Hissar, v. 432 ; Hongal, v. 440 ;
Hoshangabad, v. 447 ; Hoshiarpur,
v. 456, 458; Hospet, v. 459; Hugli,
v. 496 ; Ikhtiyarpur, v. 508 ; Inchal-
karanji, v. 510; Indapur, v. 510 ;
Islamabad, vii. 26; Jabalpur, vii. 35;
Tafarabad, vii. 39 ; Jaggayapet, vii. 42 ;
Jahangirabad, vii. 45 ; Jais, vii. 65 ;
Jaitpur, vii. 71 ; Jalalpur-Nahvi, vii. 81 ;
Jalandhar, vii. 89 ; Jalaun, vii. 100 ;
Jalna, vii. 107; Jamkhandi, vii. 127;
Jammalammadugu, vii. 129 ; Janjira,
vii. 139 ; Jaswantnagar, vii. 147 ;
Jawad, vii. 161 ; Jehlam, vii. 175 ;
Jhalod, vii. 203; Jhang, vii. 211, 213 ;
Jirang, vii. 233 ; Jodhpur, vii. 239 ;
Junagarh, vii. 262 ; Kadur, vii. 287 ;
Kaimganj, vii. 298; Kaira, vii. 306;
Kakori, vii. 312; Kakraul, vii. 312;
Kaladgi, vii. 319; Kalahasti, vii. 321 ;
Kalawar, vii. 324 ; Kalmeshwar, vii.
339; Kanauj, vii. 387; Kandeli, vii.
399; Kandiaro, vii. 406; Karauli, vii.
473; Karkamb, viii. 13; Karmala,
viii. 17; Karnal, viii. 25, 29; Karnul,
viii. 41 ; Karwaitnagar, viii. 53 ; Kash-
mor,viii. 79; Kasipur,viii. 82; Katangi,
viii. 86; Kavali, viii. 105; Kerur, viii.



117; Khairpur, viii. 135, 137; Khan-
desh, viii. 157; Khanpur, viii. 164;
Khanwahan, viii. 164 ; Khapa, viii.
165; Khasi Hills, viii. 178; Kheri,
viii. 196; Khipra, viii. 202; Khirpai,
viii. 203; Khora, viii. 204; Khushab,
viii. 213; Kishangarh,viii. 224; Kistna,
viii. 232; Kittiir, viii. 238; Kodlipet,
viii. 240 ; Kohlat, viii. 248 ; Kolar,
viii. 277; Kolhapur, viii. 284; Kong-
noli, viii. 288 ; Kopaganj, viii. 292 ;
Kotah, viii. 306; Kotar, viii. 310 ;
Kuch Behar, viii. 324 ; Kursi, viii.
374; Kurundwad, viii. 376; Kyauk-
pyu, viii. 387 ; Lahul, viii. 422 ;
Lakhtar, viii. 441 ; Larkhana, viii.
464, 465 ; Limri, viii. 472 ; Lodhi-
kera, viii. 473 ; Lohardaga, viii. 485 ;
Lucknow, viii. 500; Ludhiana, viii.
523, 524, 526 ; Machhreta, viii. 535 ;
^ladapollam, viii. 537; Madgiri, viii.
540; Madras Presidency, ix. 53, 54;
Madura, ix. 130; Maherwar, ix. 173;
Malabar, ix. 233 ; Mallani, ix. 261 ;
Manbhum, ix. 284; Mandla, ix. 305;
Mangalore, ix. 314; Manglaur, ix. 316;
Mamar, ix. 318; Manjhand, ix. 335 ;
Mannargudi, ix. 338 ; Mariadeh, ix.
346; Masulipatam, ix. 354; Mau,
ix. 369 ; Maunagar, ix. 372 ; Mau
Natbhanjan, ix. 2>73'^ Maunda, ix. 373;
Mayavaram, ix. 373; Mehar, ix. 397 ;
Mehkar, ix. 399; Melukote, ix. 404;
Miraj, ix. 440; Mohari, ix. 474; Mont-
gomery, ix. 500; Moradabad, ix. 513;
Moro, ix. 517 ; Mowar, ix. 523 ;
Mubarakpur, ix. 525 ; Mudhol, ix. 527;
Mul, ix. 535; Multan, x. 13; Muzaf-
fargarh,x. 63; Mysore, x. 120; Nabisar,
x. 127; Naga Hills, x. 153; Nagar
Parkar, x. 158; Nagina, x. 1 60; Nag-
pur, x. 174; Najibabad, x. 179; Nama-
kal, x. 187; Narajol, x. 203; Narsipur,
x. 225; Nasarpur, x. 228; Yeola,
x. 233 ; Nasik, x. 237 ; Naushahro,
x. 244, 245 ; Tsawanagar, x. 252 ;
Nawashahr, x. 254; Nellore, x. 269;
Nepal, x. 284; Neri, x. 291 ; Nilgiri
Hills, x. 321 ; Noakhali, x. 350 ;
Nosari, x. 405 ; Nowgong, x. 412 ;
Pali, xi. 2; Pamidi, xi. 24; Panipat,
xi. 47 ; Parmagudi, xi. 65 ; Parner,
xi. 66; Parseoni, xi. 67; Anhilwara
Patan, xi. 82 ; Patan Saongi, xi. 84 ;
Pauni, xi. 120; Peshawar, xi. 155;
Petlad, xi. 162; Phaltan, xi. 164;
Pilkhuwa, xi. 180; Pind Dadan Khan,
xi. 183; Pindigheb, xi. 184; Pondi-
cherri, xi. 199; Poona, xi. 209, 214;
Porbandar, xi. 215; Pudukattai, xi.
238 ; Pullampet, xi. 241 ; Punjab,
xi. 2S7; Puri, xi. 308; Rahatgarh,
xi. 346; Rahon, xi. 347; Rai Bareli,



INDEX.



83



xi. 357; Raigarh, xi. 362; Ramdrug,
xi. 441, 442; Rangoon, xi. 479; Rania,
xi. 502; Rani bennur, xi. 503; Ranipur,
xi. 509; Rath, xi. 518; Raver, xii. 14;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 32, 38; Rayachoti,
xii. 39; Reoti, xii. 43; Rohri, xii. 65 ;
Rohtak, xii. 75 ; Rupar, xii. 83 ; Sachin,
xii. 88; Sadalgi, xii. 91; Sadhaura,
xii. 93; Sadras, xii. 95; Saharanpur,
xii. 122; Sahaspur, xii. 125; Saidapet,
xii. 139; Salem, xii. 163, 166; Sam-
balpur, xii. 183, 184; Sambhal, xii.
187; Sampgaon, xii. 191 ; Sandoway,
xii. 203; Sangamner, xii. 216, 217;
Sangarhi, xii. 217; Sanivassante, xii.
221; Sanke-.war, xii. 222; Santal Par-
ganas, xii. 234 ; Santipur, xii. 247 ;
Saoli, xii. 247 ; Saoner, xii. 248 ;
Sarai Saleh, xii. 250; Saran, xii. 257 ;
Sarangarh, xii. 260; Sarguja, xii. 268 ;
Sarjapur, xii. 269; Satara, xii. 282;
Savanur, xii. 293 ; Sayyidnagar, xii.
299; Sehwan, xii. 305, 306; Selu,
xii. 307; Seoni, xii. 313; Shahabad,
xii. 332; Shahapur, xii. 338; Shikar-
pur, xii. 393, 396; Shikohabad, xii.
398; Shimoga, xii. 404; Shivgaon, xii.
410; Sholapur, xii. 418, 421; Sialkot,
xii. 448, 452; Sibi, xii. 456; Sibsagar,
xii. 468; Sihora, xii. 477; Sindewahi,
xii. 525; Sindi, xii. 526; Singhbhum,
xii. 539; the Singpho Hills, xii. 542;
Sirsa, xiii. 20; Sisotar, xiii. 24; Sita-
pur, xiii. 36; Songir, xiii. 61 ; Sonpur,
xiii. 63; Subeha, xiii. 86; Sultanpur,
xiii. 101 ; Supul, xiii. 117; Surat, xiii,
129; Surharpur, xiii. 137; Sylhet, xiii.
153; Talagong, xiii. 162; Tanda, xiii.
174, 175; Tando Muhammad Khan,
xiii. 178, 179; Tari Baragaon, xiii.
213; Tatta, xiii. 218; Thakurdwara,
xiii. 246; Thana, xiii. 257; Thar and
Parkar, xiii. 270; Tharu Shah, xiii.
274; Thathayangarpet,xiii. 274; Tijara,
xiii. 294; Tipperah, xiii. 319; Tiruch-
engod, xiii. 324; Tirunageswaram, xiii.
325; Trichinopoli, xiii. 361; Tumkur,
xiii. 379; Tumsar, xiii. 382; Turu-
waniir, xiii. 384 ; Twenty-four Par-
ganas, xiii. 397; Umarkot, xiii. 421;
Umrer, xiii. 423 ; Unao, xiii. 434 ;
Upper Sind Frontier, xiii. 447; Urai,
xiii. 450 ; Viravanallur, xiii. 478 ;
Vizagapatam, xiii. 493, 494, 498 ;
"Wadhwan, xiii. 506; Waigaon, xiii.
510; Walajapet, xiii. 515; Walidpur,
xiii. 516; Wankaner, xiii. 519; Waso,
xiii. 533; Wun, xiii. 544; Yeola, xiii.
555; Zaidpur, xiii. 560.
Cotton trees, in the Andaman Islands,
i. 282 ; Bhagalpur, ii. 343 ; Eastern
Dwars, iv. 328 ; Himalaya Mountains,
v. 409 ; Jalpaiguri, vii. 108 ; Karauli,



vii. 471 ; Nepal, x. 277 ; Sikkim, xii.
484 ; Sitapur, xiii. 30 ; Sultanpur,
xiii. 97.
Cotton, Sir Arthur, his anicut across the
Coleroon, iii. 279, iv. 22 ; across the
Godavari, v. 133 ; his deepening of the
Pambam Passage, xi. 22, 23; designed
the Penner anicut, xi. 134; his works
in Tanjore, xiii. 190.
Cotton, Sir J. S., commanded the river
column in first Burmese war (1825),
xiii. 289.
Cotton, Colonel, commanded the column

in Muttra in 1857, x. 47.
Cotton, Major, took Pegu (1852), xi. 128.
Couper, Sir G. E. W., Lieut. -Governor
of the N.-W. Provinces (1876-82), x.
37o.
Court, General, his estimate of the popu-
lation of Kandahar, vii. 390 ; explored
the slupa at Manikiala (1834), ix. 320;
suggested that Arrian's Mount Aornos
was near Attock, xi. 506.
Courtallum, village in Madras, iv. 44.
Courts, Number of civil and criminal. See
Administration section under each
Province and District.
Couts, The Decadas of de, quoted, on

Broach, iii. 113 ; Elephanta, iv. 343.
Covelong, village in Madras, iv. 44 ; or
Coblem, old settlement of the Ostend
East India Company, vi. 373.
Covilham, earliest recorded Portuguese
traveller to Cochin (1487), article
' India,' vi. 357 ; Jesuit missionary in
India, killed in 1500, vi. 244; at Cali-
cut (i486), iii. 269.
Cowcally. See Geonkhali.
Cowell, Prof., on the tols or Sanskrit

schools, x. 138.
Cowrie shells, found in the Laccadive
Islands, viii. 396 ; Maldive Islands,
ix. 251.
Cox, Captain, placed in charge of the
Magh fugitives from Arakan into Chit-
tagong (1799), iv. 45-
Cox's Bazar, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, iv. 44, 45.
Coxe, Colonel, put down symptoms of
mutiny in Dera Ismail Khan (1857),
iv. 222.
Cranganore. See Kranganur.
Craigie, Capt., defended Kilat-i-Ghilzai

(1842), i. 34, 35.
Crape, Rodant, first Danish captain who
came to India, and obtained settlement
at Tranquebar (1616), xiii. 340.
Crawford, Lt.-Col., proposed the making
of the Vehar Reservoir to secure the
water-supply of Bombay, xiii. 466.
Crawfurd, Mr., quoted, on Ava, i. 389,
390 ; his estimate of the population of
Upper Burma, iii. 213.



84



INDEX.



Creighton, H., first explored the ruins of
Gaur (1801), v. 37, 39.

Cretinism, Notices of, in Ambala, i. 224 ;
Champaran, iii. 344 ; Kiilu, viii. 344 ;
Kumaun, viii. 357.

Crichton, Capt., Deputy Commissioner
of Chanda, suppressed rising of Babu
Rao and Vyankat Rao in 1857, iii. 351.

Criminal classes or tribes, described, in
Aligarh, i. 176 ; North Arcot, i. 315 ;
Belgaum, ii. 232; Budaun, iii. 120;
Champaran, iii. 338 ; Cuddapah, iv.
51 ; Dharwar, iv. 260; Gonda, v. 155,
156 ; Gaya, v. 46, 52 ; Gurgaon, v.
218 ; Hazaribagh, v. 373; Karnal, viii.
26; Lalitpur, viii. 447. 45 J » 45 6 »
Madras, ix. 20, 21 ; Malia, ix. 256 ;
Western Malwa, ix. 269 ; Mewat, ix.
419, 420 ; Muzaffarnagar, x. 70 ;
Nallamalai Hills, x. 186 ; Rajgarh, xi.
386; Rajputana, xi. 413, 415 ; Sajar,
xii. 104, 105 ; Saran, xii. 257.

Criminal statistics. See the Administra-
tive section at the close of every Dis-
trict article.

Criminal Tribes Act, article ' India,'
vi. 71.

Criminale, Father Antonio, martyred at
Punnaikayal in Tinnevelli (1549), xiii.

303-

Crocodiles, article 'India,' vi. 660, 661.
Local notices — Bakarganj, i. 442 ;
Bulandshahr, iii. 133 ; Karunguli tank
in Chengalpat, iii. 382 ; Darbhangah,
iv. 123; Dehra Dun, iv. 170; Dinaj-
pur, iv. 291 ; Etawah, iv. 370 ; Gaur,
v. 40 ; Gonda, v. 147 ; Gwalior, v.
229 ; Indore, vii. 2 ; in the Indus, vii.
14 ; Karachi, vii. 445 ; Karauli, vii.
472 ; Kheri, viii. 191 ; Lahore, viii.
405 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 94 ;
Monghyr, ix. 481 ; Montgomery, ix.
495 ; Saran, xii. 252 ; in the Tungab-
hadra, xiii. 383.

Crole, Mr., quoted, on the remains at
Mahabalipur, ix. 144, 145 ; on the
battle of St. Thomas' Mount (1759),
xii. 143, 144. , . r ,. ,

Crops, of the Himalayas, article ' India,
vi. 8 ; of the river plains and Gangetic
Delta, vi. 32, 35 ; of Southern India,
vi. 40, 41 ; of Burma, vi. 42. See
also vol. vi. chapter xvii., Agriculture
and Products, pp. 484-511 ; and the
Agricultural section of each District
article.

Crop statistics for India, Uncertainty of,
vi. 500, 501.

Croton, grown at Dindigal, iv. 301.

Crozier, Mr., manager of the Viziana-
gram Estate, xiii. 488, 501.

Crushed tribes, vi. 71.

Crystals, Rock, found at Dharmapuram,



iv. 251 ; Madura, ix. 122 ; Tanjore,
xiii. 181.

Csoma de Koros lived for some years at
Kanum, vii. 438 ; Life and Works of,
by Dr. Theodore Duka, quoted, article
' India,' vi. 153 (footnote).

Cubbon, Sir Mark, his successful admini-
stration of Mysore (1834-61), x. 95;
his house at Nandidriig, x. 192.

Cuddalore, town and taluk in Madras, iv.

45 > 46.

Cuddapah, District in Madras, iv. 47-55 ;
physical aspects, 47, 48 ; history, 48-
50; population, 50, 51; agriculture,
51, 53 ; natural calamities, 53 ; com-
merce and trade, 53, 54 ; administra-
tion, 54 ; medical aspects, 54, 55.

Cuddapah, taluk in Madras, iv. 55.

Cuddapah, town in Madras, iv. 55, 56.

Cullen, Gen., introduced coffee cultiva-
tion into Travancore, xiii. 349.

Culna. See Kalna.

Cultivated, cultivable, and uncultivable
area, etc., of certain Provinces of
British India, vi. 691, Appendix III.

Cultivators, Rights of, reserved by the
Permanent Settlement of Bengal, vi.
442, 443 ; oppression of, by rack-renting
landlords, 443 ; the Land Act of 1859,
444 ; Rent Commission of 1879, and
its proposed reforms in the direction of
fixity of occupancy and compensation
for disturbance, 444, 445.

Cumbum, town in Madras, iv. 57.

Cunningham, Sir A., Corpus Inscrip-
tioniun Indicarum, quoted, article
' India,' vi. 103 (footnote) ; 144 (foot-
note) ; 145 (footnote) ; 146 (footnotes) ;
153 (footnote 2) ; 167 (footnote 1) ;
Ancient Geography of India, 155 (foot-
note) ; 157 (footnote 1) ; 164 (footnotes
1 and 3) ; 165 (footnote) ; 166 (foot-
note 1) ; 167 (footnote 3) ; 185 (foot-
note 2) ; Reports of the Archceological
Stirvey of India, 184 (footnote 1).
Local notices — Quoted as to Allahabad,
i. 196 ; Asarur, i. 337 ; Atari, i. 375 ;
Atranji Khera, i. 380 ; Bahraich, i.
427 ; Benares, ii. 107 ; Bareilly, ii.
141 ; Bhera, ii. 386 ; Buddh Gaya, iii.
125, 126 ; Champaran District, iii.
334> 335». 34°>, 34 \\ Charsadda, iii.
373 ; Chilian wdla, iii. 415 ; the city
of Indraprastha, iv. 179 ; Delhi, iv.
189 ; Dheri Shahan, iv. 269, 270 ;
Dipalpur, iv. 303, 304 ; Giriyak, v.
85 ; Mong, v. 189, ix. 478 ; Gujrat, v.
196 ; Gwalior, v. 235 ; Harappa, v.
319; Hardwar, v. 331, 332; Hasht-
nagar, v. 344 ; Tandwa in Ikauna, v.
507; Jalalpur, vii. 81, 166; Sangla-
wala Tiba, vii. 207 ; Kalinga, vii. 328-
330 ; Kapila, vii. 440 ; Kasia, viii. 79 ;



INDEX.



85



Kasipur, viii. 82 ; Katas, viii. 87 ;
Kesariya, viii. 118; Khajurahu, viii.
140 ; Kurukshetra, viii. 375 ; Ladakh,
viii. 397; Maharashtra, ix. 166-168;
Manikiala, ix. 320 ; Matan, ix. 360 ;
the course of the Ravi, x. 2 ; Multan,
x. 3, 4 ; Padrauna, x. 527 ; Pakpattan,
x. 532 ; Patna, xi. 107 ; Rajagriha,
xi. 380, 381 ; Rajamahendri, xi. 382 ;
Ranigat, xi. 506 ; Rawal Pindi, xii.
36; Sahet Mahet, xii. 126-134; San-
gala, xii. 213, 214 ; Sankisa, xii. 223,
224 ; Sharwa, xii. 271 ; Shorkot, xii.
424 ; Sialkot, xii. 441 ; the Son, xiii.
53 ; Sonpat, xiii. 62 ; demarcated the
boundaries of Spiti (1846), xiii. 70;
quoted as to Sugh, xiii. 88 ; Talamba,
xiii. 163 ; Thaneswar, xiii. 260 ; Uchh,
xiii. 400.

Currency, in Baroda, ii. 168 ; Bastar, ii.
207 ; Independent (now Upper) Burma,
iii. 219 ; Haidarabad State, v. 248 ;
Jaipur, vii. 54 ; Karauli, vii. 473 ;
Kashmir, viii. 75 ; Kuch Behar, viii.
320 ; Manipur, ix. 332 ; Nepal, x.
283, 284 ; Savanur, xii. 293 ; Sohag-
pur, xiii. 47 ; Srinagar (N.-W. P.),
xiii. 78 ; Trivandrum, xiii. 369.

Cust, Mr. R. N., Linguistic and Oriental
Essays, quoted, vi. 103 (footnote).

Customs, inland lines, abolished by
Lord Mayo, vi. 425 ; import duties
abolished by Lord Ripon, vi. 429.

Customs revenue, vi. 467.

Customs, manners, and mode of life of the
Afghans, i. 45-47 ; of the Akas, i.
136 ; of the Andamanese, i. 284, 285 ;
of the Arakan Hill Tribes, i. 300, 301 ;
of the Baluchis, ii. 38, 39 ; of the
Hatkars, ii. 185, 186 ; in Bastar, ii.
207, 208 ; of the Korachavandlu, ii.
244 ; of the Kurkus, ii. 330, 331 ; in
Bhandara, ii. 363 : of the Bhils and
Bhilalas, ii. 389-391 ; of the Bhutias,
ii. 412, 413 ; of the Brahuis, iii. 98-
100 ; of the hill tribes in Lower Burma,
iii. 183-185 ; of the Burmese, iii. 1S5-
188 ; of the Marias and Maris, iii.
307; of the Gonds, iii. 308-311 ; of
the Chittagong Hill Tribes, iii. 449,
450 ; of the Chutiyas, iii. 466, 467 ;
of the Coorgs, iv. 34, 35 ; of the
Daphlas, iv. 119; of the Mechs, iv.
332 ; of the Chandals, iv. 400, 401 ;
of the Garos, v. 28-30 ; of the Shins
and Yeshkuns, v. 80, 81 ; of the
Hazaras, v. 366 ; of the Tipperahs, v.
399 ; of the Bishnois, v. 429 ; of the
Juangs, vii. 250-252 ; of the Siahposh
Kafirs, vii. 290-292 ; of the Kandhs,
vii. 401-405; of the Kangra tribes,
vii. 420-422 ; of the Karens, viii. 3-5 ;
of the Kashmiris, viii. 70 ; of the



Khamtfs, viii. 145, 146 ; of the Khasis,

viii. 175 ; of the Kols, viii. 254-259 ;
of the Kotas, viii. 301 ; of the Kur-
umbas, viii. 376 ; of the Laccadive
islanders, viii. 395, 396 ; of the
Ladakhis, viii. 398, 399 ; of the
Lushais, viii. 530 ; of the Nairs, ix.
227, 228, xiii. 348, 349 ; of the Malay-
alls, ix. 238, 239 ; of the Maldive
islanders, ix. 250, 251 ; of the Mani-
puris, ix. 329, 330 ; of the Korkus, ix.
403, 404 ; of the Meos, ix. 419, 420 ;
of the Mikirs, ix. 436, 437, x. 151 ;
of the Miris, ix. 445-450; of the
Mishmis, ix. 463-465 ; of the Kurubas,
x. 98, 99 ; of the Nagas, x. 147-150 ;
of the Kukis, x. 150, 151 ; of the
Naikdas, x. 177 ; of the Chenchus, x.
185, 186 ; of the Nicobarians, x. 296,
297 ; of the Nilgiri Hill tribes, x. 309-
313 ; of the Palni Hill tribes, xi. 17,
18; of the Minas, xi. 413, 414; of
the Moghias, xi. 415 ; of the Rewa
Kantha Bhils, xii. 51, 52 ; of the
Kolis, xii. 52, 53 ; of the Santals, xii.
240-246 ; of the Hos or Larka Kols in
Singhbhum, xii. 534, 535, 536 ; of the
Chins, xiii. 280-282 ; of the Namburis,
xiii. 348 ; of the Banjaras of Wun, xiii.
541, 542.

Cutch, State in Gujarat, iv. 57 -64 ;
physical aspects, 57, 58 ; the Rann,
58, 59 ; earthquakes, 59, 60 ; minerals,
etc. , 60 ; population and history, 60,
61 ; agriculture, 61, 62 ; trade and
manufactures, 62 ; administration, 62-
64 ; medical aspects, 64 ; silver
jewellery of, vi. 605.

Cutlery, Manufacture of, article ' India,'
vi. 606. Local notices, including
knives, swords, etc. etc. — Amod, i.
245 ; Balrampur, ii. 26 ; Sojitra and
Pattan in Baroda, ii. 159 ; Bhera, ii.
386 ; Bijnaur, ii. 435 ; Chhatarpur, iii.
396 : Kaimganj, vii. 298 ; Khairpur,
viii. 137 ; Khairpur Dharki, viii. 138 ;
Kurwai, viii. 378 ; Lashkarpur, viii.
466 ; Mandalay, ix. 290, 291 ; Men-
ghyr, ix. 487 ; Panipat, xi. 47 ; Anhil-
wara Patan, xi. 82 ; Peshawar, xi.
154 ; Rampur, xi. 459 ; Salem, xii.
163 ; Sialkot, xii. 448 ; Sirohi, xiii.
7 ; Virawah, xiii. 478.

Cuttack, District in Orissa, iv. 64-75 \
physical aspects, 64, 65 ; rivers, 65,
66 ; estuaries and harbours, 66, 67 ;
canals, 67, 68 ; embankments, 68 ;
history, 68 ; population, 68-70 ; agri-
culture, etc., 70-72 ; natural calamities,
72; manufactures, 72; commerce, trade,
etc., 73 ; administration, 73, 74 ;
medical aspects, 74, 75.

Cuttack, Sub-division of Orissa, iv. 75.



86



INDEX.



Cuttack, town in Orissa, iv. 75.

Cutwa. See Katwa.

Cyclones, prevalent in the Andaman
Islands, i. 286 ; North Arcot, i. 317 ;
South Arcot, i. 325 ; Bakarganj, i.
446 ; Balasor, ii. 8 ; Bassein, ii. 200 ;
Bellary, ii. 246, 247 ; Calcutta, iii. 260,
261 ; Chengalpat, iii. 386 ; Chittagong,
iii. 437, 440 ; Dakshin Shahbazpur,
iv. 96 ; Daulat Khan, iv. 160 ; Dia-
mond Harbour, iv. 284 ; Geonkhali,
v. 54 ; Godavari, v. 130, 131 ; Hatia,
v. 356 ; Injaram, vii. 18 ; Khulna,
viii. 208 ; Kistna, viii. 232 ; Kumaun,
viii. 355 ; Laccadive Islands, viii. 396 ;
Madras Presidency, ix. 79 ; Madras
city, ix. 104, 113, 114; Masulipatam,
ix. 355-357 ; on the Meghna, ix. 395 ;
Midnapur, ix. 430 ; Naini Tal, x. 178 ;
Noakhali, x. 340, 344, 349 ; Orissa,
x. 463 ; Pabna, x. 519 ; Sagar Island,
xii. no; Salem, xii. 162; Sandwip
Island, xii. 212, 213 ; the Sundarbans,
xiii. ill, 112; Tanjore, xiii. 193



Dabein, tidal creek in Lower Burma, iv.

Dabha, State in Bombay, iv. 76.
Dabha, town in Central Provinces, iv.

Dabhoi, town in Bombay, iv. 76.
Dabhol, town and port in Bombay, iv.

76, 77-
Dabka, village in Baroda, iv. 77.
Dabla, town in Rajputana, iv. 77.
Dabling, village in Bashahr State, Punjab,

iv. 77.
Dabri, chiefship in Central India, iv. 77.
Dabtura, village in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

77-
Dacca, Division or Commissionership of

Bengal, iv. 77, 78.
Dacca, District of Bengal, iv. 78-89 ;

physical aspects, 78-80; history, 80-82;

population, 82-84 '■> material condition

of the people, 84, 85 ; agriculture, 85,

86 ; industrial, 86, 87 ; administration,

87, 88 ; medical aspects, 88, 89.
Dacca, Sub-division of Bengal, iv. 89.
Dacca, city in Bengal, iv. 89-92 ; Dacca

muslins a decaying manufacture, vi.

601.
Da Cunha, Nuno, built first Portuguese

fortress at Diu (1535), iv. 307.
Da Cunha, Dr., Antiquities of Bassein,

quoted, ii. 192.
Dadar, town in Baluchistan, iv. 92.
Dadhalya, estate in Bombay, iv. 92, 93.



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