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161 ; Jam of Nawanagar, x. 252, 253 ;
Maharaja of Orchha, x. 425, 426;
Diwan of Palanpur, x. 540 ; Maharaja
of Pauna, xi. 50 ; Maharawal of Part-
abgarh, xi. 76 ; Maharaja of Patiala,
xi. 88-90 ; Maharaja of Patna, xi. 115 ;
Rao of Pol, xi. 195 ; Nawab of Rad-
hanpur, xi. 342, 343 ; Rai of Raikot, xi.
364, 365 ; Nawab of Rajgarh, xi. 386,
387 ; Raja of Rajpipla, xi. 392, 393 ;
Nawab of Rampur, xi. 455, 456 ; Raja
of Ratlam, xii. I ; Maharaja of Rewa,
xii. 46, 47 ; Nawab of Sachin, xii. 88,
89 ; Raja of Sandiir, xii. 207, 208 ;
Chief of Sangli, xii. 218, 219 ; Raja
of Sarangarh, xii. 260 ; Rai Bahadur
of Sawantwari, xii. 297, 298 ; Raja of
Shahpura, xii. 369, 370 ; Raja of
Sirmur, xii. 554 ; Rao of Sirohi, xiii.
3, 4 ; Raja of Sonpur, xiii. 64 ; Ma-
harana of Sunth, xiii. 1 15 ; Nawab of
Tonk, xiii. 237, 33& '•> Maharaja of
Travancore, xiii. 345-347 ; Maharana
of Udaipur, xiii. 403-408 ; Chief of
Vishalgarh, xiii. 481 ; Maharaja of
Vizianagram, xiii. 499-502 ; Rana of
Wao, xiii. 519, 520.

Famine relief expenditure, article 'India,'
vi. 469.

Famines, article 'India,' vi. 539-544;
causes of scarcity and of real famine,
v >- 539 I means of husbanding the
water-supply, vi. 540 ; irrigation area,
vi. 540, 541 ; summary of Indian
famines, vi. 541, 542 ; the great famine
of 1876-78, its causes, vi. 542, 543 ;
famine expenditure, vi. 543 ; mortality
from disease and starvation, vi. 543,
544 ; famine a weak check on popula-
tion, vi. 544. Local notices — See the
Natural Calamities section under the
several Districts, and especially Agra,
i. 65 ; Ahmadabad, i. 91 ; Ajmere-
Merwara, i. 127, 128 ; Allahabad, i.
191 ; Alwar, i. 205 ; Ambala, i. 222 ;
Amraoti, i. 248 ; Amritsar, i. 261 ;
Anantapur, i. 277, 278 ; North Arcot,
i. 317 ; South Arcot, i. 325 ; Bahraich,
i. 432 ; Balasor, ii. 8 ; Banda, ii. 52 ;
Bankura, ii. 84, 85 ; Bara Banki, ii.
112 ; Bard wan, ii. 132 ; Basti, ii. 212 ;
Bellary, ii. 246, 247 ; Bhagalpur, ii.
349 ; Bijnaur, ii. 433 ; Bombay, iii.
57, 58 ; Budaun, iii. 122 ; Bulandshahr,
iii. 138 ; Champaran, iii. 335, 342 ;
Coimbatore, iv. 19 ; Cuddapah, iv.
53 ; Cuttack, iv. 72 ; Dharwar, iv.
263 ; Etah, iv. 363, 364 ; Etawah, iv.
371, 376; Faizabad, iv. 386; Fatehpur,



INDEX.



109



iv. 428 ; Ganjam, v. 7 ; Garhwal, v.
22 ; Gaya, v. 50; Gurgaon, v. 221 ;
Hamirpur, v. 303 ; Hissar, v. 431 ;
Hiigli, v. 495 ; Jabalpur, vii. 34 ;
Jalaun, vii. 100; Jaunpur, vii. 157 ;
Jhansi, vii. 224, 225 ; Kaladgi, vii.
318 ; Karnul, viii. 40, 41 ; Kashmir,
viii. 73 ; Khandesh, viii. 157 ; Kheri,
viii. 195 ; Kistna, viii. 231 ; Kolaba,
viii. 268 ; Kopargaon, viii. 293 ; Lalit-
pur, viii. 455 ; Lucknow, viii. 497,
499 ; Madras, ix. 37-40 ; Madura, ix.
129, 130; Mainpuri, ix. 209; Mallard,
ix. 261 ; Manbhum, ix. 284; Midnapur,
ix. 430 ; Mirzapur, ix. 459 ; Monghyr,
ix. 4S6 ; Moradabad, ix. 510; Muttra,
x. 49, 50 ; Mysore, x. 105, 106 ;
Nadiya, x. 137 ; Nasik, x. 232, 233 ;
Nellore, x. 268 ; N.-YV. Provinces, x.
390-392 ; Orissa, x. 463-467 ; Palanpur
Agency, x. 539 ; Patiala, xi. 89 ;
Phaltan, xi. 164 ; Poona, xi. 208 ;
Puri, xi. 307, 308 ; Purniah, xi. 327,
328 ; Rai Bareli, xi. 356 ; Raipur, xi.
374 ; Rajputana, xi. 424 ; Rajshahi,
xi. 435 ; Rohtak, xii. 74, 75 ; Saharan-
pur, xii. 121, 122; Salem, xii. 158,
162, 163 ; Santal Parganas, xii. 233,
234 ; Saran, xii. 256, 257 ; Satara, xii.
281, 282 ; Shahjahanpur, xii. 346, 351,
352 ; Sholapur, xii. 413, 416, 417 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 539 ; Sirohi, xiii. 6 ;
Sirsa, xiii. II, 17; Sitapur, xiii. 36;
Tinnevelli, xiii. 301, 307; Tirupatur,
xiii. 326 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii.
396 ; Unao, xiii. 430, 433 ; Wao, xiii.
520.

Famine warnings. See Natural Cala-
mities underthe several District articles.

Faradnagar, village in Bengal, iv. 392.

Farah, town in N.-W. Provinces, iv. 392.

Faraizis, sect of Muhammadans, to be
found in Bakarganj, i. 444 ; Bogra,
iii. 28 ; Dacca, iv. 8^ ; Dinajpur, iv.
293 ; Faridpur, their doctrines, iv. 398-
400; Goalpara, v. 115; Kamrup, vii.
360; Lakhimpur, viii. 431 ; Maldah,
ix. 243 ; Nadiya, x. 139 ; Noakhali, x.
344 ; Nowgong, x. 410 ; Pabna, x.
414, 415 ; Rangpur, xi. 494 ; Sibsagar,
xii. 464; the Sundarbans, xiii. III.

Fardapur, village in the Deccan, iv. 392.

Faria de Souza, Annals, 1581-84, quoted,
on Barkalur, ii. 156 ; the embassy to
Chittagong(i538), iii. 435 ; Martaban,

ix - 350-
Faridabad, town in Punjab, iv. 392.
Faridkot, State in Punjab, iv. 392, 393.
Faridkot, chief town of State in Punjab,

iv- 393-
Faridpur, District in Bengal, iv. 393-407 ;

physical aspects, 394 - 397 ; history,

397, 398 ; population, 398 ; Muham-



madans, 39S-400 ; Hindus, 400 ; Chan-
dais, 400, 401 ; Christian population,
401 ; division of the people into town
and country, 401, 402; material con-
dition of the people, 402 ; agriculture,
402, 404 ; natural calamities, 404, 405 ;
manufactures, 405 ; administration, etc.,
405, 406 ; medical aspects, 406, 407.

Faridpur, town and Sub - division in
Bengal, iv. 407.

Faridpur, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

407, 408.

Faridpur, village in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

408, 409.

Farms, Government model, Guindy, v.

178; Akola, v. 270; Saidapet, ix. 35,

49, xii. 140 ; Piisa, xi. 334.
Farquhar, Col., cleared Bulandshahr of

mutineers (1857), iii. 134.
Farrah, town in Afghanistan, i. 35.
Farukhabad, District in N.-W. Provinces,

iv. 409-417; physical aspects, 409;

history, 409-411; population, 411, 412;

division into town and country, 412,

413; agriculture, 413, 414; natural

calamities, 414 ; commerce and trade,

414, 415; administration, 415, 416;

medical aspects, 416, 417.
Farukhabad, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, iv. 417.
Farukhnagar, town in Punjab, iv. 417,418.
Farukhsiyyar, Emperor, granted chautk of

Berar to the Marathas ( 1717), iii. 144 ;

history of his reign (1713-19), v. 257.
Fatehabad, town in Punjab, iv. 418, 419.
Fatehabad, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, iv. 419.
Fateh Ali Khan Talpur, Mir, first Talpur

Rais of Sind (1783-1801), his history,

xii. 513.
Fatehganj (East), village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, iv. 419.
Fatehganj (West), village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, iv. 419, 420.
Fatehgarh, town in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

420, 421.
Fatehgarh, town in Punjab, iv. 421.
Fateh Jang, Nawab of Bengal, invaded

Tipperah (1620) and took the Raja

prisoner, v. 396.
Falehjang, town and tahsil in Punjab, iv.

421.
Fateh Khan, Governor of Sandwip,

defeated by the Portuguese pirates off

Dakshin Shahbazpur, x. 342.
Fatehkhelda, town in Berar, iv. 422.
Fateh Naik, father of Ilaidar Ali, first

distinguished himself at Gandikot, iv.

464 ; Mughal governor of Kolar, viii.

274 ; his tomb at Kolar, viii. 279.
Fateh Panjal, mountain chain in Kashmir,

iv. 422.
Fatehpur, District in N.-W. Provinces,



no



INDEX.



iv. 422-430; physical aspects, 422,
423 ; history, 423-425 ; population, 425,
426 ; division into town and country,
426 ; agriculture, 426 - 428 ; natural
calamities, 428 ; commerce and trade,
428, 429 ; administration, 429 ; medical
aspects, 429, 430.
Fatehpur, tahsil m N.-W. Provinces, iv.

43°-
Fatehpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

430, 431- , „

Fatehpur, town, tahsil, and pargana in

Oudh, iv. 431, 432.
Fatehpur, village in Central Provinces,

iv. 432- ,. ,

Fatehpur, town in Rajputana, iv. 432.^ _
Fatehpur Chaurasi, town and pargana in

Oudh, iv. 432, 433.
Fatehpur Sikri, tahsil 'in N.-W. Provinces,

iv. 433.
Fatehpur Sikri, town in N.-W. Provinces,

iv. 433-435- „ ,

Fattura Raja, at head of Gujars threat-
ened Gangoh, but defeated (1857), iv.

477- , .

Fatwa, town in Bengal, iv. 435.

Faulmann's Bitch der Schrifl, quoted,
article ' India,' vi. 103 (footnote).

Fauna of India, article ' India,' vi. 10.
See also Zoology, vi. 652-62.

Fawcett, Col., commanding in Bundel-
khand campaign, was defeated by
Amir Khan, viii. 363.

Fazilka, town and tahsil in Punjab, iv.
435, 436.

Fazl Ali, notorious bandit in Oudh,
killed Col. Boileau, v. 149.

Fazl Muhammad Khan, mutineer leader,
seized Rahatgarh, but was hanged
(1858), xi. 345, 346.

Fazl-ulla Khan, Haidar Ali s general,
took Sadashivgarh (1763), xii. 92.

Felspar, found in the Anamalai Hills, i.
270; Bangalore, ii. 59; Bantwal, ii.
104 ; Bhandara, ii. 360 ; Chengalpat,
iii. 381 ; Chitaldrug, hi. 423 ; Dubraj-
pur, iv. 418 ; Gooty, v. 160 ; Hassan,
v. 346; Hindu Kush, v. 417; Jabal-
pur, vii. 30; Khandesh, viii. 151;
Kolar, viii. 273 ; Madras Presidency,
ix. 4 ; Madura, ix. 121 ; Mahendragiri,
ix. 172; Monghyr, ix. 480; Mysore,
x. 91, 92 ; Palni Mountains, xi.

! 7-
Felt, made in Afghanistan, 1. 39 ; at

Bahraich, i. 432 ; Balrampur, ii. 26 ;

Bhera, ii. 386, xii. 366 ; Jarwal, vii.

144 ; Kandahar, vii. 391 ; Kolhapur,

viii. 284.
Female education, article ' India,' vi.

478, 479- „ „ „ , .

Females, Proportion of. See Population
section in each District article.



Ferae Naturae. See Animals, wild, and
Zoology.

Ferdousi, Persian poet and historian in
the days of Mahmud of Ghazni, article
'India,' vi. 275.

Fergusson, Mr. James, Paper in the
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
for April 1880, quoted, article ' India,'
vi. 147 (footnote) ; Tree and Serpent
Worship, quoted, vi. 185 (footnote 4),
204 (footnote 1) ; History of Architec-
ture, vi. 304 (footnotes). Local notices
— His works quoted, on Mount Abu,
i. 9-12 ; Agra, i. 71 ; Ahmadabad, i.
98; Ajanta, i. 114-116; Amber, i.
228, 229 ; Amravati, i. 252 ; Bhilsa,
ii- 393> 394 ; Bijapur, ii. 425 ; the
palace at Delhi, iv. 186, 187 ;
Elephanta, iv. 343 ; Ellora, iv. 349,
350 ; Gaur, v. 40 ; Girnar, v. 86 ;
Gwalior, v. 234, 235 ; Halebid, v.
295 ; Jambukeswaram, vii. 120 ;
Kanarak, vii. 385 ; Karli, viii. 13-16 ;
Lucknow, viii. 507, 511; Madura, ix.
133; Mahabalipur, ix. 145-147; Pali-
tana, xi. 8 - 10 ; Panduah, xi. 42 ;
Rajamahendri, xi. 382 ; Rameswaram,
xi. 443-445 ; Salsette, xii. 169, 170 ;
Sanchi, xii. 195, 196 ; Akbar's tomb at
Sikandra, xii. 481 ; Srirangam, xiii.
80, 81 ; Swatch of No-Ground, xiii.
143 ; Tanjore, xiii. 195, 196 ; Tinne-
velli, xiii. 312.

Ferishta. See Firishta.

Fernandez, Francis, his use of the word
Bengal, ii. 270.

Ferokh, deserted town in Madras, iv. 436.

Ferozabad. See Firozabad.

Ferozabad, pargana in Oudh. See Firoz-
abad.

Ferozepur. See Firozpur.

Ferozeshah. See Firozshah.

Ferrier, quoted, on Afghanistan, i. 35,
36, 38 ; the Koh-i-Baba, i. 54 ; his
estimate of the population of Herat, v.
391 ; of Kandahar, vii. 390.

Ferries, across the Swat at Abazai, i. 2 ;
across the Adjai at Sankhai, i. 25 ;
across the Ganges, Tons, and Belan in
Allahabad, i. 185 ; across the Beas
and Ravi in Amritsar, i. 254, and the
Sutlej, i. 262 ; across the Sonar at
Asian a, i. 340 ; across the Gogra and
Rapti in Bahraich, i. 432 ; across the
Rapti at Balrampur, ii. 26 ; at Bansi,
ii. 101, and in Basti, ii. 213 ; across
the Beas, ii. 221 ; across the Tunga-
bhadra in Bellary, ii. 247 ; across the
Kistna at Bezwada, ii. 336 ; across the
Dalani at Bijni, ii. 437 ; across the
Sutlej at Bilaspur, ii. 454 ; across the
Chambal, iii. 331 ; across the Indus at
Kureshi, iv. 216 ; across the Narbada



INDEX.



1 1 1



at Khal, iv. 246 ; in Dholpur, iv. 273 ;
across the Brahmaputra at Dhubri, iv.
280 ; across the Jumna and Chambal
in Etawah, iv. 369 ; across the Gogra
in Faizabad, iv. 384 ; across the Ganges
at Fatehgarh, iv. 415; across the
Ganges at Garhmukhtesar, v. 16; across
the Indus at Gidu-jo-Tando (steam),
v. jy, 287; across the Gogra, v. 139 ;
across the Gumti (Oudh), v. 200 ; j
across the Gumti (IJengal), v. 201 ;
across the Beas and Ravi in Gurdaspur,
v. 207 ; in Haidarabad (Sind), v. 282 ;
across the Sutlej and Beas in Hoshiar-
pur, v. 451, 452 ; across the Indus at
Hasain Beli, v. 503 ; across the Sai
at Parshadepur, vii. 65 ; across the
Brahmaputra at Jamalpur, vii. 119;
in Janjira, vii. 140 ; across the Parwan,
Ne'waj, Kali Sind, Au, and Chhota
Kali Sind in Jhalawar, vii. 198 ; across
the Jehlam and Chenab in Jhang, vii.
211 ; across the Ganges at Jhusi, vii.
231 ; across the Kabul, vii. 276, 277 ;
across the Mahi in Kaira, vii. 306 ;
across the Kalang at Raha, vii. 323,
xi. 345 ; across the Jumna at Kalpi,
vii. 343 ; across the Ulhas at Kalyan,
vii. 346 ; across the Ganges at Kamar-
ud-din-nagar, vii. 351 ; across the
Godavari at Kapileswarapuram, vii.
440 ; between Bombay and Mora in
Karanja (steam), vii. 467 ; across the
Damodar at Kasba, viii. 59 ; across
the Indus in Khairpur. viii. 136 ; in
Kheri, viii. 190 ; across the Kistna,
viii. 236 ; across the Amba at Kolad,
viii. 269 ; between Bombay, Revas,
and Dharambar, viii. 269 ; across the
Chambal at Kotah, viii. 308 ; across
the Indus at Kotri, viii. 315 ; across
the Indus in Larkhana, viii. 464 ;
across the Gumti in Lucknow, viii.
500 ; across the Manas, ix. 276 ; across
the Narbada at Mandelsar, ix. 308 ;
across the Jiri into Manipur, ix. 325;
across the Maskhal channel, ix. 351 ;
Maung-daw, ix. t>7Z ', across the Jehlam
at Miani, ix. 378 ; across the Indus
and Kara in Mehar, ix. 397 ; across
the Kabul at Michni, ix. 423 ; across ,
the Sutlej in Montgomery, ix. 500 ;
across the Kori creek at Mughalbhin,
ix. 528 ; across the Sutlej in Multan,
x. 9 ; across the Jehlam and Kishen
Ganga at Muzaffarabad, x. 54 ; across
the Brahmaputra at Nasirabad, x. 237 ;
across the Indus at Naushahro, x. 244;
across the Chauka and Sarja in
Kighasan, x. 299 ; in Noakhali, x.
340 ; across the Irawadi at Pa-daung,
x. 524 ; across the Ganges, Gumti, and
Sai in Partabgarh, xi. 72 ; across the



Indus, Swat, and Kabul in Peshawar,
xi. 155 ; across the Sarda at Sherpur,
and Jatpura, xi. 171 ; across the Sai in
Rai Bareli, xi. 352 ; across the Jumna
at Rajapur (N. -\V. P. ), xi. 3S6 ; across
the Ganges at Rajghat, xi. 388 ; across
the Tista at Kaunia in Rangpur (steam),
xi. 499 ; across the Indus at Rohri
(steam), xii. 67 ; across the Ganges at
Salkhia (steam), xii. 167 ; across the
Indus in Sehwan, xii. 305 ; across the
Ganges at Shahzadpur, xii. 371 ; across
the Ganges at Sirsa, xiii. 21 ; across
the Subansiri, xiii. 84 ; across the
Indus at Sukkur (steam), xiii. 92;
across the Tapti at Mandvi and Surat,
xiii. 117; between Surat, Gogo, and
Bhaunagar (steam), xiii. 129 ; in Tando
Muhammad Khan, xiii. 178 ; across
the Tons at Maihar, xiii. 339 ; across
theBhagirathiat Uddhanpur, xiii. 415 ;
across the Hugh at Ulubaria, xiii. 419 ;
across the Beas at Vairowal, xiii. 461 ;
at Vizagapatam, xiii. 498.
Festivals, Religious, held at Ahiyari, i.
82 ; Ajmere, i. 132 ; Alawakhawa, i.
164 ; Allahabad, i. 199 ; Ambulapali,
i. 230 ; Anamasudrapet, i. 272 ; Anan-
tapur, i. 280 ; Antravedi, i. 294 ;
Anupshahr, i. 295 ; Ariapad, i. 330 ;
Athirala, i. y]'] ; Avani, i. 390 ;
Bachireddipalem, i. 406 ; Badrindth,
i. 411 ; Badrpur, i. 411 ; Bahraich, i.
435 ; Baikanthpur, i. 437 ; Bairam
Ghat, i. 437 ; Baitarani river, i. 438 ;
Ballabhpur in honour of Jagannath, ii.
17; Ballia, ii. 23; Batesar, ii. 216;
Bausi, ii. 217 ; Bechraji, ii. 222 ;
Belgaum, ii. 237, 238 ; Belur, ii. 252 ;
Bhimaveram, ii. 396 ; Bhiri, ii. 339 ;
Birnagar, iii. 13 ; Bithur, ii. 20 ;
Chakultor, iii. 326 ; Chhipia, iii. 404 ;
Chilambaram, iii. 413 ; Chitarkot, iii.
429 ; Chunchangiri, iii. 459 ; Chun-
chankatta, iii. 459 ; in Cochin, iv.
8 ; Comorin, iv. 25 ; Conjevaram,
iv. 26 ; in Cuddapah, iv. 54 ; Dakor,
iv. 69 ; Kundalpur and Bandakpur
in Damoh, iv. 112; Debi Patau,
iv. 164 ; Deo, iv. 198 ; Deoband,
iv. 199 ; Deulgaon Raja, iv. 230,
231 ; Devaraydurga, iv. 232 ; Dholpur,
iv. 278 ; Doharighat, iv. 312 ; Ele-
phanta, iv. 343, 344 ; in Etah, iv.
364 ; Fatwa,iv. 435 ; Ganjam (Mysore),
v. 9 ; Garhdiwala, v. 14 ; Garhmukh-
tesar, v. 16 ; Gohana, v. 141 ; Gola,
v. 143 ; Gosainganj, v. 174 ; Dhonkal
in Gujranwala, v. 185 ; Hampi, v.
308 ; in Hardoi, v. 325, 326 ; Hard-
war, v. 33^ 334 ; Hargam, v. 335 ;
Harha, v. 336 ; Plerumalu, v. 393 ;
Hoskot, v. 459 ; Jajmau, vii. 72, 73 ;



INDEX.



Jewalamukhi, vii. 162 ; Katas and
Clioya Saidan Shah in Jehlam, vii.

175 ; Kalahasti, vii. 321 ; Kalighat,
vii. 326 ; Kamakhya, vii. 349 ; Kapil-
muni, vii. 441 ; Karanbas, vii. 465 ;
Karigatta, viii. 9 ; Kazipara, viii. 108 ;
Kotaha, viii. 308 ; Kotappakonda, viii.
309 ; Kundada-betta, viii. 363 ; Lahar-
pur, viii. 401 ; Madheswaranmalai,
viii. 541 ; Mahaban, ix. 152 ; Maha-
muni, ix. 155, 156 ; Mahesh, ix. 172 ;
Mathura, ix. 365 ; Melukote, ix. 404 ;
Mudak-dor, ix. 525 ; Muktsar, ix.
534; Murshidabad, x. 35; Nadiya,
x. 141, 142 ; Nagar, x. 155 ; Nan-daw,
x. 189 ; Nanjangad, x. 196 ; Nayakan-
hatti, x. 257 ; Puri, x. 448, 449, xi.
316, 317 ; Pakpattan, x. 532, 533 ;
Pandharpur, xi. 37 ; Panduah,xi. 42 ;
Patna, xi. no; Pendhat, xi. 132;
Premtoli, xi. 224 ; in Prome, xi. 231 ;
Rupar, xii. 83 ; Sadullapur, xii. 97 ;
Sagar Island, xii. 109, no; St.
Thomas' Mount, xii. 143 ; Sakray-
patna, xii. 148; Sandur, xii. 209;
Sankarkati, xii. 222 ; Santipur, xn.
247 ; Sathan, xii. 286 ; Saurath, xn.
291, 292 ; Sharretalai, xii. 377 ; Shibi,
xii. 385 ; Shikarpur (Mysore), xii.
397 ; Shinmut-ti, xii. 407 ; Shwe-
Dagon, xii. 427 ; Shwe-nat-taung, xii.
437 ; Shwe-san-daw, xii. 439 ; _S iddn -
eswar, xii. 474 ; Sitakund, xiii. 25 ;
Sonda, xiii. 60 ; Sringeri, xiii. 79 ;
Srirangam, xiii. 82 ; Sylhet, xiii. 157 ;
in Tanjore, xiii. 187 ; Tarakeswar,
xiii. 211, 212; Thaneswar, xiii. 260;
Tirumale, xiii. 325 ; Tirumurtikovil,
xiii. 325 ; Tirupati, xiii. 326 ; Tirutani,
xiii. 327 ; Tiruvannamalai, xiii. 329 ;
Tribeni, xiii. 353, 354 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 364 ; Trimbak, xiii. 366 ; inTum-
kur, xiii. 379; Ulvi, xiii. 419; Upmaka,
xiii. 438 ; Urmar, xiii. 452 ; Vanarasi,
xiii. 463 ; Vijayanagar, xiii. 473 ;
Waigaon, xiii. 510; Yediyur, xiii. 551.
See also Bathing Festivals, Car Festivals,
and Fairs, generally associated with
religious festivals.

Fetish worship in Hinduism, article
' India,' vi. 205, 206.

Feudatory India, the thirteen groups of
Native States, article ' India,' vi. 43 ;
population, vi. 45. See also t> e several
Native States in their alphabetical
order, and Native States over 50,000
inhabitants.

Fevers, in Afghanistan, i. 38 ; Ahmad-
nagar, i. 107 ; Ajmere, i. 131 ; Akola,
i. 146 ; Aligarh, i. 177 I Ambala, i.
224 ; Amherst, i. 243 ; Amraoti, i
250 ; Amritsar, i. 263 ; Anantapur, i.
279 ; Andaman Islands, i. 286 ;



Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 304 ; _ North
Arcot, i. 319; South Arcot, i. 328;
Assam, i. 373 ; Azamgarh, i. 400 ;
Bahraich, i. 433 ; Bakarganj, i. 449 ;
Balaghat, i. 457 ; Banda, ii. 54 ;
Bangalore, ii. 65 ; Bankura, ii. 86 ;
Bannu, ii. 97 ; Banswara, ii. 102 ;
Bara Banki, ii. 114 ; Bardwan, ii. 135,
136 ; Basim, ii. 188 ; Bassein, ii. 201 ;
Bastar, ii. 207; Basti, ii. 214 ; Belgaum,
ii. 237; Bellary, ii. 249 ; Betul, ii. 333 ;
Bhagalpur, ii. 351 ; Bhandara, ii. 367 ;
Bhaunagar, ii. 380 ; Bijnaur, ii. 435 ;
Bilaspur, ii. 453; Birbhum, hi. 11 ;
Bogra, iii. 32 ; Bombay Presidency, iii.
72, 73 ; Bombay city, iii. .84 ; ^Buland-
shahr, iii. 140 ; Buldana, iii. 148 ;
Lower Burma, iii. 208 ; Cachar, iii.
239; Calcutta, iii. 260; Champaran, iii.
344 ; Chanda, iii. 355 ; Chhindwara,
iii. 403 ; Chitaldrug, iii. 428 ; Chitta-
gong, iii. 443 ; Cochin, iv. 10 ; Coorg,
iv. 42 ; Cuddapah, iv. 55 ; Cutch, iv.
64 ; Cuttack, iv. 72 ; Dacca, iv. 88 ;
Damoh, iv. 113; Darbhangah, iv.
125 ; Darjiling, iv. 139 ; Darrar.g, iv.
150 ; Delhi, iv. 185 ; Deodar, iv. 200 ;
Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 217 ; Dera
Ismail Khan, iv. 226 ; Dhar, iv. 246 ;
Dharampur. iv. 249 ; Dinajpur, iv.
297, 298; Ellichpur, iv. 347; Etah,
iv. 366; Etawah, iv. 377; Faizabad,
iv. 385 ; Faridpur, iv. 406 ; Farukha-
bad, iv. 416; Farukhnagar, iv. 418;
Firozpur, iv. 446 ; Ganjam, v. 9 ;
Garhwal, v. 23 ; Garo Hills, v. 32 ;
Goalpara, v. 120 ; Godavari, v. 130 ;
Gonda, v. 154 ; Gujranwala, v. 186 ;
Gurgaon, v. 223 ; Berar, v. 261 ;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 285; Hamirpur,
v. 305 ; Hanthawadi, v. 318 ; Hardoi,
v. 328 ; Hassan, v. 351 ; Hazara, v.
368 ; Hazaribagh, v. 380 ; Hill Tip-
perah, v. 401 ; Hissar, v. 433 ; Hosh-
angabad, v. 448 ; Hoshiarpur, v. 457 ;
Hugli, v. 498 ; Jabalpur, vii. 36 ;
Jaisalmer, vii. 66 ; Jalalabad, vii. 75 ;
Jalandhar, vii. 90 ; Jalaun, vii. 102 ;
Jalpaiguri, vii. 117; Janjira, vii. 139;
Jaunpur, vii. 159; Jehlam, vii. 176;
Jessor, vii. 191 ; jhang, vii. 212 ;
Jhanjhana, vii. 214 ; Jhansi, vii. 227 ;
Jodhpur, vii. 239 ; Junagarh, vii. 261 ;
Kadur, vii. 288 ; Kaira, vii. 307 ;
Kaladgi, vii. 320 ; Kamrup, vii. 365 ;
North Kanara, vii. 374 ; South Kanara,
vii. 383, 384 ; Kangra, vii. 327 ;
Karachi, vii. 451 ; Karauli, vii. 473 ;
Karnal, viii. 27 ; Karnul, viii. 44, 45 ;
Kashmir, viii. 76 ; Khairpur, viii. 137 ;
Khandesh, viii. 159 ; Kharkhanda,
viii. 168 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 180 ;
Kheri, viii. 197 ; Khulna, viii. 209 ;



INDEX,



Ir 3



Kohat, viii. 249 ; Kolhapur, viii. 285 ;
Kollamalai Hills, viii. 286 ; Kotah,
viii. 307 ; Kuch Behar, viii. 327 ;
Kulu, viii. 344 ; Kumaun, viii. 357,
358; Kyauk-pyi't, viii. 389 ; Lahore,
viii. 413 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 437 ;
Lalitpur, viii. 457 ; Larkharm, viii.
465 ; Lathi, viii. 467 ; Lohardaga, viii.
486 ; Lucknow, viii. 501 ; Ludhiana,
viii. 525 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 79,
80 ; Madura, ix. 132 ; Maimansingh,
ix. 201 ; Mainpuri, ix. 211 ; Malabar,
ix. 234 ; Maldah, ix. 248 ; Maldive
Islands, ix. 252 ; Manbhum, ix. 286 ;
Mandalay, ix. 291 ; Mandla, ix. 307 ;
Mawana, ix. 376; Meerut, ix. 391 ;
Mehar, ix. 397 ; Melagiri Hills, ix.
402; Mergui, ix. 411 ; Midnapur,
ix. 433 ; Montgomery, ix. 501 ;
Mudhol, ix. 527 ; Muhammadpur, ix.
532 ; Multan, x. 10 ; Murshidabad,
x. 24, 31 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 64; Muz-
affarnagar, x. 76, 77 ; Mysore State, x.
113; Mysore District, x. 121; Nadiya,
x. 140 ; Nagpur, x. 172; Narsinghpur,
x. 223 ; Nasik, x. 235 ; Nellore, x.
271 ; Nicobar Islands, x. 298 ; Nimar,
x. 335; Noakhali, x. 352; N.-W.
Provinces, x. 404; Nowgong, x. 415 ;
Pabna, x. 520 ; Palanpur, x. 539 ;
Panch Mahals, xi. 34 ; Partabgarh, xi.
74 ; Patna, xi. 105 ; Peshawar city,
xi. 157, cantonment, xi. 161 ; Pilibhit,
xi. 178 ; Poona, xi. 210 ; Punjab, xi.
292; Puri, xi. 309; Purniah, xi. 331,
332 ; Radhanpur, xi. 342 ; Rai Bareli,
xi. 359 ; Raigarh, xi. 363 ; Raipur, xi.
376 ; Rajkot, xi. 389 ; Rajpipla, xi.
392 ; Rajshahi, xi. 438 ; Rampa, xi.
454 ; Rampur, xi. 457 ; Rangamati,
xi. 470; Rangoon, xi. 481 ; Rangpur,
xi. 492, 500, 501 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 12;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 35 ; Rohtak, xii.
76 ; Rurki, xii. 86 ; Sagar, xii. 107 ;
Saharanpur, xii. 123; Salem, xii. 165;
Sambalpur, xii. 184 ; Sandoway, xii.
204 ; Sangli, xii. 218 ; Santal Parganas,
xii. 234, 236 ; Santalpur-with-Chad-
chat, xii. 247 ; Saran, xii. 258, 259 ;
Sarangarh, xii. 260 ; Secunderabad,
xii. 303; Seoni, xii. 314; Shahabad,
xii. 333 ; Shahjahanpur, xii. 352, 354 ;
Shahpur, xii. 367 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii.
385 ; Shikarpur, xii. 394 ; Shimoga,
xii. 405 ; Sholapur, xii. 419, 420 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 434 ; Sialkot, xii.
449, 450; Sibsagar, xii. 471 ; Sikkim,
xii. 488 ; Sind, xii. 525 ; Singhbhum,
xii. 540 ; Sirohi, xiii. 7 ; Sirsa, xiii.
19 ; Sitapur, xiii. 37 ; Sultanpur, xiii.
103 ; Surat, xiii. 131 ; Sylhet, xiii.
156; Tanjore, xiii. 194; Tarai, xiii.
211 ; Terwara, xiii. 243 ; Thana, xiii.
VOL. XIV.



258 ; Thar and Parkar, xiii. 271 ;
Tipperah, xiii. 321 ; Travancore, xiii.
353 ; Tumkur, xiii. 381 ; Tura, xiii.
384 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 399 ;
Unao, xiii. 430, 435 ; Upper Sind
Frontier, xiii. 449 ; Vypur, xiii. 479 ;
Vizagapatam, xiii. 497; Wadhwan, xiii.
506 ; the Wainad, xiii. 510 ; Wankaner,
xiii. 518; Wao, xiii. 519; Warahi,
xiii. 521 ; Wardha, xiii. 528 ; Wun,
xiii. 545 ; Yerkad, xiii. 556.

Fibres. See Cotton, Flax, Hemp, Jute,
and Silk.

Filatures. See Silk-weaving.

Filigree-work, made at Benares, ii. 266 ;
267 ; Cuttack, iv. 75 ; Delhi, iv. 197 ;
Trichinopoli, ix. 54, xiii. 361, 365.

Final Struggles of the French in India, by
Col. Malleson, quoted, article ' India,'
vi. 379 (footnote).

Finances and taxation of India, obscuri-
ties and changes in system of account,
article ' India,' vi. 457-465 ; taxation
of British India, 459-461 ; taxation
under the Mughals and under the
British, 462, 463 ; taxation in Native
States, 464 ; incidence of taxation in
British India, 464, 465.

Fingeswar. See Phingeswar.

Fire, destructive, in Surat (1837), xiii.

133.

Fire-arms, matchlocks, etc., Manufacture
of, at Khelat, ii. 36 ; Nagina, ii. 434,
x. 160; Cochin, iv. 7; Dhampur,
iv. 241 ; Kashmir, viii. 74 ; Khairpur,
viii. 137; Khambalia, viii. 142; Kohat,
viii. 250 ; Kurwai, viii. 378 ; Ludhiana,



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