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viii. 523 ; Monghyr, ix. 487 ; Najib-
abad, x. 199.

Fire-works, Manufacture of, at Jarwal,
vii. 144.

Firinghi Bazar, village in Bengal, iv.

436, 437-
Firingipet. See Porto Novo.
Firinghis, or half-caste Portuguese,

numerous in Chittagong, iii. 438 ;

Dacca, iv. 83 ; South Kanara, vii.

379-
Firishta's Rise of the Mnliammadan Po7i<er
in India, Colonel Briggs' translation,
quoted, article ' India,' vi. 271 (foot-
note); 287 (footnote 2); 291 (footnotes);
also on Adoni, i. 26 ; Ahmadabad, i.
94 ; Alwar, i. 206 ; Asirgarh, i. 339 ;
Betul, ii. 329 ; Bhartpur, ii. 372 ;
Biana, ii. 418; Bijapur, ii. 423; the
meeting of the Chandel Raja and
Mahmud of Ghazni, iii. 1 54 ; Asa the
Ahir, iii. 301 ; Coorg, iv. 29 ; Daulat-
abad, iv. 159; Kalinjar, vii. 332;
Kandvva, viii. 162 ; Malwa, ix. 267 ;
Nizampatam, x. 338 ; the invasion of
Sabukktigin, xi. 261 ; the Ghakkars of
H



H4



INDEX.



Rawal Pindi, xii. 23 ; the Baliichis of
Sibi, xii. 457.

Firozabad, town and tahsil in N.-W.
Provinces, iv. 437.

Firozabad, pargand in Oudh, iv. 437,
.438.

Firozpur, District in Punjab, iv. 438-
447; physical aspects, 438-440 ; history,
440, 441 ; population, 441-443 ; con-
dition of the people, 443 ; agriculture,
443, 444 ; natural calamities, 445 ;
commerce and trade, 455 ; administra-
tion, 445, 446 ; medical aspects, 447.

Firozpur, town and tahsil in Firozpur
District, Punjab, iv. 447, 448.

Firozpur, town and tahsil in Gurgaon
District, Punjab, iv. 448, 449.

Firozshah, battle-field in Punjab, iv. 449;
battle of, article ' India,' vi. 411.

Firoz Shah Tughlak, the third king of the
Tughlak dynasty (1351-88), his canals
and public works, article ' India,' vi.
285. Local notices — Granted lands in
Bahraich to Bariah Sah, i. 427 ; trans-
ferred Delhi to Firozabad, where he
built a great palace, iv. 192 ; built
mosque at Dipalpur, iv. 304 ; founded
Fatehabad, iv. 418 ; founded Hissar,
and built first Jumna canal to supply
it with water, v. 426, 434, 438, vii.
258; founded Jaunpur, vii. 152, 159;
plundered temple of Kangra, vii. 414 ;
built fort of Khanigarh, viii. 131 ;
founded Laharpur, viii. 401 ; invaded
and plundered Rohilkhand, ix. 505 ;
invaded Sind, xii. 510; built fort of
Surat to keep out the Bhils, xiii.
120.

Firoz Shah, mutineer leader, retired to
Bareilly on the fall of Lucknow, ii. 140 ;
fled through Cawnpur, iii. 283 ;
plundered Etawah, but defeated at
Harchandpur, iv. 372 ; driven out of
Fatehgarh, iv. 411.

First Buddhist Council (543 B.C.), article
' India,' vi. 143.

Fisher, Colonel, commanding at Sultan-
pur, murdered thei-e (1857), xiii. 98.

Fisheries, Adrampet, i. 27 ; South Arcot,
i. 326; Bakarganj, i. 440, 442; Bard-
wan, ii. 126; Bassein, ii. 198; Lower
Burma, iii. 199 ; Chengalpat, iii. 387 ;
Chittagong, iii. 434 ; Cochin, iv. 4, 5 ;
Dacca, iv. 79, 80 ; Daman, iv. 103 ;
Diu, iv. 306; Doung-gyi, iv. 315;
Eng-rai-gyi, iv. 353, 354,^ vii. 18;
Faridpur, iv, 396 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ;
Godavari, v. 123 ; Haidarabad (Sind),
v. 284, 285 ; Jerruck, vii. 180, 181 ;
Jessor, vii. 186; Karachi, vii. 449, 450;
Karnul, viii. -$6 ; Khulna, viii. 206 ;
Kolaba, viii. 262 ; Malabar, ix. 220 ;
Maldive Islands, ix. 251; Lake Manch-



har, ix. 287; Ma-ubin, ix. 370; Mon-
ghyr, ix. 481 ; Moradabad, ix. 505 ;
Nadiya, x. 130; Nawanagar, x. 252 ;
Noakhali, x. 340 ; Puri, xi. 301 ; Raj-
shahi, xi. 429; Rangoon, xi. 480;
Rangpur, xi. 490 ; Ratnagiri, xii.
4, 12, 13 ; Rayak, xii. 40; Salem, xii.
152 ; Sibsagar, xii. 460; Siju, xii. 477;
Sind, xii. 507 ; the Sundarbans, xiii.
112; Surat, xiii. 120; Sylhet, xiii. 145 ;
Thai, xiii. 247 ; Thana, xiii. 251 ;
Thar and Parkar, xiii. 364 ; Tharawadi,
xiii. 272.
Fishes of India, article ' India,' vi. 661,
662. Local notices — Varieties of fish
described in the Andaman Islands,
i. 282 ; South Arcot, i. 321 ; Upper
Burma, iii. 212; Darbhangah, iv. 123;
Faridpur, iv. 396 ; the Indus, vii. 14 ;
Lake In-yeh-gyi, vii. 18 ; Kadur, vii.
283 ; Karnul, viii. 36 ; Kolaba, viii.
262 ; Lahore, viii. 405 ; Lalitpur,
viii. 448; Lohardaga, viii. 477; Madras
Presidency, ix. 96, 97 ; Lake Manch-
har, ix. 287 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 58 ;
Nadiya, x. 130; Nicobar Islands, x.
295 ; Peshawar, xi. 147 ; Ratnagiri,
xii. 4, 5; Saharanpur, xii. 1 15; Sind,
xii. 507 ; Lake Taroba, xiii. 215 ;
Tavoy, xiii. 229 ; Thar and Parkar,
xiii. 264 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii.

3 8 9-
Fish-curing, pursued at Goalanda, v. in;

Ratnagiri, xii. 4, 5.
Fish trade, Centres of, Adrampet, i. 27 ;

Cochin, iv. 4, 5; Goalanda, v. in;

Ratnagiri, xii. 12, 13.
Fitch, Newberry, and Leedes, the first

English traders in India (1583), article

' India,' vi. 364.
Fitch, Ralph, quoted, in Bassein (Burma),

ii. 195; Cochin, iv. 12; and Mergui,

ix. 408.
Flax, Cultivation of, in Allahabad, i. 184;

Amritsar, i. 259 ; Bankura, ii. 83 ;

Bellary, ii. 245 ; Chittagong, iii. 439 ;

Cochin, iv. 5 ; Coimbatore, iv. 18 ;

Gaya, v. 49 ; Hazaribagh, v. 175 ;

Kashmir, viii. 71 ; Kistna, viii. 230 ;

Kumaun, viii. 354 ; Manpur, ix. 339 ;

Midnapur, ix. 429; Nadiya, x. 135;

Puri, xi. 306 ; Santal Parganas, xii.

232 ; Saran, xii. 255 ; Tipperah, xiii.

317-
Flaxman, his statue of Cornwallis at

Ghazipur, v. Ji.
Fleury, M.,with detachment of Marathas

surprised British force at Shikohabad

(1802), xii. 398.
Flint, Captain, his defence of Tiagar

against Tipii Sultan (1790), xiii. 293 ;

of Wandiwash against Haidar AH

(1780-85), xiii. 518.



INDEX.



"5



Flint weapons of ancient India, article
1 India,' vi. 53.

Floating gardens, The, of Kashmir, viii.
72 ; at Srinagar, xiii. 77.

Floods. See Natural Calamities section
under the several Districts, and espe-
cially Ahmadabad, i. 91 ; Alvvar, i. 205 ;
South Arcot, i. 325 ; Azamgarh, i. 399;
Bakarganj, i. 446 ; Balasor, ii. 7, 8 ;
Bara Banki, ii. 112 ; Bard wan, ii. 132 ;
Bellary, ii. 246, 247 ; Badgarh, ii.
338; Budaun, iii. 121 ; Champaran,
iii. 342 ; Chanda, iii. 353 ; Chitta-
gong, iii. 440 ; Cuddapah, iv. 53 ;
Cuttack, iv. 72 ; of the Damodar,
iv. 106, 107; of the Daya, iv. 163; in
Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 209, 218; Dera
Ismail Khan, iv. 227 ; Dera Nanak,
iv. 228; Dhulia, iv. 281; Faridpur,
iv. 404 ; Fatehpur, iv. 428 ; Garhwal,
v. 21 ; Godavari, v. 130, 131 ; of the
Indus, vii. 15 ; the Irawadi, vii. 22 ;
in Jaunpur, vii. 157; Jessor, vii. 188;
Jhansi, vii. 224, 225 ; at Kamar-ud-
din-nagar, vii. 351 ; Karmil, viii. 40;
Kashmor, viii. 79 ; Khandesh, viii.
157; Kheri, viii. 195; Khulna, viii.
208 ; Kolaba, viii. 269 ; Larkhana,
viii. 464 ; Limri, viii. 472 ; Machhli-
shahr, viii. 534 ; Madahpura, viii. 536;
of the Mahanadi, ix. 158; in Maldah,
ix. 245 ; Manbhum, ix. 278 ; Mehar,
ix. 397 ; Midnapur, ix. 430 ; Morad-
abad, ix. 510; Murshidabad, x. 21;
Muzaffargarh, x. 56, 57, 65 ; Muzaffar-
nagar, x. 74 ; Muzafiarpur, x. S3 ;
Nadiya, x. 137 ; Narsinghpur, x. 218 ;
Nasik, x. 233 ; Nellore, x. 268 ;
Noakhali, x. 349, 350 ; Orissa, x. 462 ;
Patna, xi. 101 ; Puri, xi. 300, 307 ;
Purniah, xi. 327 ; Rajshahi, xi. 435 ;
Rampur Beauleah, xi. 462 ; Rangoon,
xi. 479 ; Rangpur, xi. 498 ; Rawal
Pindi, xii. 20, 21 ; Rewari, xii. 55 ;
Rohri, xii. 65 ; Salem, xii. 162 ; Saran,
xii. 252, 256 ; Shahabad, xii. 331 ;
Shikarpur, xii. 393 ; Shirpur, xii. 408 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 435 ; of the Silai, xii.
488 ; of the Sipra, xii. 545 ; Sitapur,
xiii. 36 ; of the Son, xiii. 53 ; of the
Subansiri, xiii. 84; in Surat, xiii. 119,
120, 123; Suti, xiii. 141 ; of the Swat,
xiii. 142 ; in Sylhet, xiii. 152, 153 ;
at Tambam, xiii. 169 ; of the Tapti,
xiii. 204, 205 ; in Tinnevelli, xiii. 307 ;
Tipperah, xiii. 319; of the Tista, xiii.
33 !> 332;334 5 in the Twenty-four Par-
ganas, xiii. 396.
Flora, of India, article ' India,' vi. 662-664 ;

of Madras, ix. 81-87.
Floris, Peter, his journal of the voyage
to India (161 1), recently published,
ix. 353-



Flour-mills, Steam, at Cawnpur, iii. 292;
Howrah, v. 465 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 21 ;
Sibpur, xii. 458.

Flowers, grown and exported, from Vel-
lore, xiii. 469.

Floyd, Sir John, took Satyamangalam
(1790), and fought battle with Tipu
Sultan there, xii. 291.

Floyer, Charles, Governor of Madras
(1747-50), ix. 67.

Foley, his statue of Outram at Calcutta,
iii. 250.

Fonseca, Jose Nicolau da, drew up the
account of G oa for the Imperial Gazetteer,
v. 88-106.

Food, of the Andamanese, i. 285; of the
Baluchis, ii. 38; of the Korachavandlu,
ii. 244; of the hill Bhils, ii. 390; of
the Bhutias, ii. 413 ; of the Deori
Chutiyas, iii. 467; of the Garos, v. 29 ;
of the Juangs, vii. 251; of the Siah-
posh Kafirs, vii. 292 ; in Kamrup, vii.
361; in Kangra, vii. 419, 420; of the
Khasis, viii. 1 76 ; of the Kols, viii.
258 ; of the Kotas, viii. 301 ; of the
Ladakhis, viii. 398 ; of the Naikdas, x.
177; of the Chenchus, x. 185 ; of the
Nicobarians, x. 296 ; of the Peshawar
Pathans, xi. 153 ; in Rai Bareli, xi.
356 ; in Rangpur, xi. 495 ; in Rawal
Pindi, xii. 28 ; of the Santals, xii. 242;
in Sialkot, xii. 446 ; in Sibsagar, xii.
466 ; in Sylhet, xiii. 157 ; of the Baluchi
tribes on the Upper Sind Frontier,
xiii. 441.

Food-grains, Export of, article ' India,'

vi. 57 1 -573-
Foot -and -mouth disease. See Cattle
Disease.

Forbes, James, describes Kolaba as an im-
portant place (1771), viii. 262; Mahad
as fortified and well peopled, ix. 154.

Forbes, Major, defeated the Marathas in
the Barmul Pass (1803), ii. 157; his
operations in Orissa, x. 431.

Forbes, Captain C. J. F., quoted, on the
early history of Prome, xi. 227.

Forbes, Kinloch, suggested reforms in
Kathiawar (1863), viii. 92; quoted on
the Jain temples on Satrunjaya Hill,
xi. 4, 5.

Forchhammer, Dr., of Rangoon, archaeolo-
gist, mentioned, iii. 172.

Forde, Colonel, recapture of Masulipatam
from the French (1759), article ' India/
vi. 385. Local notices — Sent by Clive
to the Northern Circars (1759), v. 3;
his victory over the French at Condore,
v. 124 ; joined the Raja of Vizianagram
at Kasimkota, viii. 81 ; his capture of
Masulipatam (1759), viii. 228, ix. 354 ;
failed to take Nellore (1757), x. 263;
drove Confians out of Rajamahendri,



n6



INDEX,



xi. 283 ; landed at Vizagapatam (i759)>

xiii. 485.

Foreign trade of India, its gradual growth,

article ' India,' vi. 561-581 ; returns of

foreign trade (1840-84), vi. 562-564;

staples of import and export sea-borne

trade (1882-83), 565-581. See also

Exports and Imports, Sea-borne trade.

Local notices — Bengal, ii. 311, 312;

Bombay, iii. 62, 63 ; Lower Burma, iii.

199, 200; Calcutta, iii. 262-264; Chitta-

gong, iii. 445 ; Karachi, vii. 456-458 ;

Madras Presidency, ix. 61-63 ; Madras

city, ix. 112 ; Rangoon, xi. 487 ; Tuti-

corin, xiii. 385, 386.

Forester, Hon. Mary Anne, widow of

Dyce Sombre, succeeded to the Sard-

hana estates (1851), xii. 265.

Forest Department, Growth of, and its

administration, vi. 522 - 528 ; forest

conservancy statistics, vi. 526, 527 ;

' open ' and ' reserved ' forests, 526.

Forests, article ' India,' vi. 8; in S. and

S.-W. India, vi. 38-40; in Sind and

Punjab, vi. 524, 525; N.-W. Provinces,

vi. 525 ; Sundarbans, vi. 525 ; Assam

and Burma, vi. 525, 526. Local notices

—On Mount Abu, i. 5, 6; Ahiri, i. 82;

Amur Margudi, i. 1 1 1 ; Aid, i. 1 1 1 ;

in Ajmere-Merwara, i. 128; Akyab,

i. 149; Ambala, i. 214; Amherst,

i. 233-235; Amraoti, i. 246; on the

Anamalai Hills, i. 270; in Angul,

i. 289; Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 298;

North Arcot, i. 311 ; South Arcot,

i. 320; Assam, i. 348, 349; Athmallik,

i. 377; BabaBudan, i. 402; Bahraich,

i. 426; Bakarganj, i. 442; Balaghat,

i. 453; Balipara, ii. 13; Ballapali,

ii. 17; Bamra, ii. 41 ; Banda, ii. 46;

Bangalore, ii. 60; Bardwar, ii. 137;

Barela, ii. 147; Baria, ii. 151; Basim,

ii. 183 ; Bassein, ii. 193 ; Belgaum,

ii. 231, 232 ; in Bengal, ii. 305, 306 ;

Betul, ii. 329 ; Bhandara, ii. 361 ;

Bhomoraguri, ii. 402 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ;

Bijji, ii. 427 ; Bijli, ii. 427 ; Bijnaur,

ii. 428; Bilaspur, ii. 446, 451 ; on the

Bison Range, iii. 17 ; in Bombay, iii.

44, 45 ; Bonai, iii. 85 ; Borasambar,

iii. 89 ; Brahmagiri, iii. 91 ; Buldana,

iii. 143 ; Bumavvadi, iii. 149 ; Lower

Burma, iii. 202-204 ; Upper Burma,

iii. 210 ; Cachar, iii. 233, 234 ; Central

Provinces, iii. 299, 300 ; Chamba, iii.

329 ; Champaran, iii. 336 ; Chanda,

iii. 349 ; Chandragiri, iii. 363 ; Char-

dwar, iii. 371; Chhindwara, iii. 398 ;

Chhota Udaipur, iii. 405 ; Chichgarh,

iii. 408 ; Chintpurni, iii. 419 ; Chirang

Dwar, iii. 422 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts,

iii. 447 ; Cochin, iv. 2 ; Coimbatore,

iv. 15 ; Coorg, iv. 32 ; Cuddapah,



iv. 48; Dalingkot, iv. 98; Dalma,
iv. 99; Daman, iv. 102; the Dangs,
iv. 114; Darjiling, iv. 130; Darrang,
iv. 142 ; Dawna Hills, iv. 163 ; Dehra
Dun, iv. 169; Denwa, iv. 198 ; Deori,
iv. 205; Dhaleswari, iv. 238; Dharam-
pur, iv. 248 ; Dharmanpur, iv. 252 ;
Dharwar, iv. 256 ; Dungarpur, iv. 322 ;
Dimyin, iv. 326; Eastern Dwars, iv.
328, 329 ; Gangpur, iv. 478 ; Ganjam,
v. 2 ; Garhakota Ramna, v. 14 ; Inde-
pendent Garhwal, v. 24 ; Garo Hills,
v. 25 ; Garumari, v. 33 ; Gauhali,
v. 34 ; Western Ghats, v. 59 ; Gilgaon,
v. 77 ; Goa, v. 89 ; Goalpara, v. 1 12 ;
Godavari, v. 123 ; Golconda, v. 145 ;
Goona, v. 158; Gorakhpur, v. 164;
Gyaing Attaran, v. 237 ; Berar, 259,
260; Hanthawadi, v. 313; Hassan,
v. 345, 346; Hathibari,v. 353; Haung-
tharaw, v. 358; in Hazaribagh, v. 370;
Heggaddevankot, v. 382 ; Henzada,
v. 384; Hill Tipperah, v. 395; Hirekal
Hills, v. 423 ; Hoshangabad, v. 443 ;
Hoshiarpur, v. 452; Hpaung-lin, v.
466 ; on the Hpyu river, v. 466 ;
in Indore, vii. 2 ; Jabalpur, vii. 34 ;
Jalpaiguri, vii. 108, 109 ; Jhansi, vii.
217 ; Kadur, vii. 283 ; Kagan valley,
vii. 293; Kalesar, vii. 324; Kalrayan
Mountains, vii. 343 ; Kamrup, vii.
355; Kamtaranala, vii. 366; North
Kanara, vii. 369, 370; South Kanara,
vii. 376 ; Kangra, vii. 41 1, 412 ; Karachi,
vii. 450; Karaibari, vii. 462; Karnul,
viii. 35 ; Katanig, viii. 86 ; Kathiawar,
viii. 89 ; Khaling Dwar, viii. 142 ;
Khandesh, viii. 150; Khasi Hills, viii.
173 ; Kheri, viii. 190 ; Kiggat-nad,
viii. 216 ; Kodachadri, viii. 239 ;
Kolaba, viii. 261 ; Kolhapur, viii. 281 ;
the Konkan, viii. 291 ; Koppa,viii. 294;
Kulsi, viii. 334, 335; Kumaun, viii.
348, 349 ; Kyauk-pyvi, viii. 385 ; Lakh-
impur, viii. 426, 427 ; Lakvalli, viii.
444 ; Lalitpur, viii. 447 ; Langai river,
viii. 460; Laun, viii. 467; Lohardaga,
viii. 476 ; Loisinh, viii. 488 ; Madras,
ix. 6-8; Madura, ix. 121 ; Mahagaon,
ix. 155; Maikal Hills, ix. 190; Mala-
bar, ix. 220, 229 ; Ma-li-won, ix. 258 ;
Malkangiri, ix. 258 ; Mandla,^ ix. 300 ;
Manipur, ix. 325 ; Manjarabad, ix.
334; Mataikhar, ix. 359; Mehar, ix.
396; Mehwas, ix. 400; Melghat, ix.
402, 403 ; Mergui, ix. 406, 407 ;
Merkara, ix. 413 ; Milmillia, ix. 438 ;
Mirzapur, ix. 453 ; Monghyr, ix. 480 ;
Mul Hills, ix. 535; Muzaffargarh,
x. 57; Mysore State, x. 109, no,
District, x. 114; Naga Hills, x. 143;
Nagpur, x. 17 1 ; Nalkeri, x. 184; Nal-
lamalai Hills, x. 186 ; Nambar, x. 188 ;



INDEX.



117



Nandidn'ig, x. 192 ; Nanpdra, x. 197 ;
Naodwar, x. 199 ; Narukot, x. 226 ;
Nasik, x. 228 ; Naushahro, x. 243 ;
Nelliampati, x. 260 ; Ncllore, x. 267,
268; Nepal, x. 277; Nibari, x. 294;
Nighasan, x. 299; Nilgiri Hills, x.
305, 323, 324; Nimar, x. 328; Nirmal,
x. 338 ; N.-W. Provinces, x. 380, 381 ;
Nowgong, x. 407 ; Orchha, x. 425 ;
Orissa Tributary States, x. 476; Oudh,
x. 482, 483 ; Pachamalai Hills, x. 521 ;
Pahar Sirgird, x. 528 ; Palanpur, x.
539 ; Palasgaon, x. 542 ; Palkonda
Hills, xi. II ; Pal Lahara, xi. 13;
Palni Mountains, xi. 19; Panabaras,
xi. 24 ; Panch Mahals, xi. 28, 29 ;
Pantan, xi. 51 ; Patna State, xi. 115 ;
Pawi Mulanda, xi. 123; Phingeswar,
xi. 168 ; Pilibhit, xi. 170 ; Polur,
xi. 197 ; Prome, xi. 226 ; Punasa,
xi. 242 ; Punjab, xi. 280, 281 ; Purara,
xi. 299 ; Raipur, xi. 368 ; Rairakhol,
xi. 378 ; Rajaborari, xi. 380 ; Rajoli,
xi. 391 ; Rajpipla, xi. 391 ; Rajputana,
xi. 402; Rampur (C. P.), xi. 460;
Rangoon, xi. 473 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 3, 4 ;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 19, 21, 22; Rewa,
xii. 46 ; Rewa Kantha, xii. 49 ; Rohri,
xii. 64 ; Sagar. xii. 101 ; Salem, xii.
152 ; Salwin Hill Tracts, xii. 174, 175 ;
Sandoway, xii. 19), 200; Sandur,
xii. 206; Santa! Parganas, xii. 227;
Saoligarh, xii. 247 ; Satara, xii. 276,
277 ; Satpura, xii. 289 ; on the Savitri
river, xii. 295 ; Sawantwari, xii. 296 ;
Sehwan, xii. 304 ; Seoni, xii. 309 ;
Seoraj, xii. 316 ; Seshachalam Hills,
xii. 321 ; Settiir, xii. 321 ; Shahjahan-
pur, xii. 343, 344 ; Shikarpur, xii. 386 ;
Shimoga, xii. 400; Sholapur, xii. 416;
Sibsagar, xii. 459, 460 ; Siddhapur,
xii. 473 ; Sidli, xii. 475 ; Simla, xii.
491; Sinchal Pahar, xii. 502; Sinchula
Hills, xii. 502 ; Sind, xii. 506 ; Singh-
bhi'im, xii. 531 ; Singhpur, xii. 541 ;
Singla, xii. 542 ; Sirmur, xii. 553 ;
Sirohi, xiii. 2 ; Sirsi, xiii. 21 ; Sirsi
State, xiii. 22 ; Siwalik Hills, xiii. 43,
44; the Sundarbans, xiii. 108; Sunkam,
xiii. 114; Sunth, xiii. 114; Supa, xiii.
116; Surat, xiii. 118, 119; Surgana,
xiii. 136; Sylhet, xiii. 145; Taung-ngu,
xiii. 220, 221 ; Thakurtola, xiii. 246 ;
Thana, xiii. 251 ; Tharawadi, xiii.
272; Thayet-myo, xiii. 277, 279;
Thon-gwa, xiii. 288 ; Tinnevelli, xiii.
298 ; Tipperah, xiii. 313 ; Tirkheri
Malpuri, xiii. 322 ; Travancore, xiii.
342, 344, 345 ; Trichinopoli, xiii. 355 ;
Tumkur, xiii. 376 ; Tura Mountains,
xiii. 384 ; Turmapuri, xiii. 385 ;
Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 389; Viz-
agapatam, xiii. 483, 484 ; Wada, xiii.



504; the Wainad, xiii. 510; Waira-
garh, xiii. 513 : Walwa, xiii. 516 ;
Yedenalknad, xiii. 551 ; Yelusavira,
xiii. 554.
Forest and jungle products of the Ana-
malai Hills, i. 271 ; North Arcot, i. 315 ;
South Arcot, i. 327 ; Bakarganj, i. 442 :
Bamra, ii. 41 ; Bankura, ii. 79; Ba-im,
ii. 184 ; Bnstar, ii. 206 ; Bhandara,
ii. 361 ; Bilaspur, ii. 451 ; Bombay,
iii. 45.; Bonai, iii. 85; Buldana, iii.
143 ; Biindi, iii. 157 ; Champaran,
iii. 337 ; Cochin, iv. 2 ; Coorg, iv. 32 ;
Cuttack, iv. 65 ; Dinajpur, iv. 291 ;
Eastern Dwars, iv. 329 ; Gangpur,
iv. 478 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ; Garo Hills,
v. 26 ; Gaya, v. 44 ; Godavari, v. 123;
Haidarabad, v. 245 ; Henzada, v. 384;
Jabalpur, vii. 33 ; Jashpur, vii. 145 ;
Kamrup, vii. 355 ; .South Kanara,
vii. 2>T®; Karauli, vii. 471; Karniil,
viii. 35 ; Kawardha, viii. 106 ; Kulu,
viii. 343 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 427 ; Lalit-
pur, viii. 447 ; Lohardaga, viii. 476 ;
Madura, ix. 121 ; Malabar, ix. 229 ;
Melghat, ix. 403 ; Midnapur, ix. 425 ;
Mishmi Hills, ix. 464 ; Monghyr,
ix. 481 ; Murshidabad, x. 22 ; Naga
Hills, x. 143 ; Nasik, x. 231 ; Nelliam-
pati Hills, x. 260; Nilgiri Hills, x. 312;
N.-W. Provinces, x. 380-382 ; Now-
gong, x. 407 ; Pachamalai Hills, x.
521 ; Puri, xi. 301 ; Rai Bareli, xi.
353 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ; Rairakhol,
xi. 378 ; Rangpur, xi. 489 ; Rewa,
xii. 46 ; Sakti, xii. 148 ; Salem, xii.
152; Sambalpur, xii. 178; Santal Par-
ganas, xii. 227 ; Sibsagar, xii. 460 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 531 ; Sitapur, xiii.
30; the Sundarbans, xiii. 112, 389;
Surgana, xiii. 136; Sylhet, xiii. 145;
Tavoy, xiii. 229 ; Travancore, xiii.
344, 345 ; Trichinopoli, xiii. 355 ;
Wardha, xiii. 526 ; Wun, xiii. 543.
See also Drugs. Dyes, Gums, Honey
and Beeswax, Lac, Resins, and Tasar
silk.

Forsyth, SirT. D., his mission to Yarkand
(1873), v. 418.

Fortified weaving settlements of the East
India Company, article ' India,' vi.
599. See Factories and Forts (Old
East India Company's).

Fort St. David. See David, Fort St.

Fort St. George. See Madras city.

Fort Victoria, village and old fort in
Bombay, iv. 449.

Fort William. See Calcutta.

Forts, Abazai, i. 2 ; Charikar, Kilat-i-
Ghilzai, Girishk, Farrah, Sabzavar,
Lash, and Ghorian in Afghanistan, i.
34-36 ; Agar, i. 57 ; Agoada Head, i.
59 ; Agra, i. 68, 72 ; Ahmadnagar, i.



n8



INDEX.



109; Ajimpur, i. 116; Akbarpur
(Oudh), i. 139; Aknur, i. 140 ; Akola,
i. 146; Alahyar-jo-Tando, i. 161 ;
Alamgirnagar, i. 162; Aldemau, i. 165;
Aliganj (N.-W. P.), i. 167; Aligarh
(N.-W. P.), i. 178; Alipura, i. 181 ;
Allahabad, i. 192, 198; Amb, i. 21 1 ;
Ambad, i. 212; Amritsar, i. 264;
Anupgarh, i. 294 ; Ariakiipam, i. 329 ;
Arnala, i. 331 ; Arundangi, i. 335 ;
Atiir, i. 2^3 I Badagara, i. 406 ; Baj-
wara, i. 439 ; Balapur, i. 459 ; Balkh,
ii. 15; Ballalpur, ii. 17; Bangalore,
ii. 66, 67 ; Bareilly, ii. 147 ; Baswa,
ii. 215; Baxa, ii. 219; Betul, ii. 334;
Bhartpur, ii. 376 ; Bhatnair, ii. 378 ;
Bijaigarh, i. 423 ; Bijeraghogarh, ii.
426 ; Nathawan, near Bijnaur, ii. 436 ;
Bikaner, ii. 442, 443 ; Bilaspur (N.-W.
P.), ii. 454; Birsilpur, iii. 13 ; Bisauli,
iii. 15; Bishangarh, iii. 10; Bissau,
iii. 18; Bissemkatak, iii. 18; Bobbili,
iii. 22 ; Bonaigarh, iii. 87 ; Borsad, iii.
90; Botad, iii. 90; Broach, iii. 1 15;
Budhana, iii. 128 ; Bukkur, iii. 130 ;
Buriya, iii. 167 ; Calcutta, iii. 249 ;
Cannanore, iii. 275 ; Cassergode, iii.
277 ; Cawnpur, iii. 292 ; Chainpur,
iii. 324 ; Chaitpet, iii. 325 ; Chanda,
iii. 355 ; Channapata, iii. 368 ; Chan-
raypatna, iii. 369 ; Chengalpat, iii.
389, 390 ; Chicacole, iii. 407 ; Chikati,
iii. 409 ; Chikballapur, iii. 409 ; Dab-
hoi, iv. 76 ; Dahanu, iv. 95 ; Delhi,
iv. 186 ; Deogarh, iv. 200 ; Deori, iv.

205, 206 ; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 209 ;

Akalgarh, near Dera Ismail Khan, iv.

227 ; Devanhalli, iv. 232 ; Deogadh,

iv. 232 ; Dharmpur, iv. 255 ; Dhar-

war, iv. 266 ; Dig, iv. 286 ; Diggi, iv.

287 ; Diji, iv. 288 ; Dilawar, iv. 289 ;

Dingi, iv. 303 ; Diwangiri, iv. 308 ;

Dod-ballapur, iv. 311 ; Dohad, iv. 312;

Dudu,iv. 318; Diini,iv. 325; Edwardes-

abad, iv. 339 ; Ellichpur, iv. 348 ;

Etah, iv. 367 ; Fakrpur, iv. 390 ;

Falta, iv. 391, 392 ; Farukhabad, iv.

417 ; Fatehgarh, iv. 420 ; Fort Victoria,

see Bankot; Fort William, see Calcutta;

Gadawara, iv. 457 ; Gandava, iv. 463 ;

Garaspur, v. 11; Garhmukhtesar, v.

16 ; Garola, v. 52 ; Ghazipur Khas, v.

71 ; Ghazni, v. 71, 72 ; Gohad, v. 140 ;

Govindgarh, v. 174 ; Gujrat, v. 196 ;

Gurdaspur, v. 214 ; Gursarai, v. 225 ;

Harai, v. 319 ; Harihar, v. 338 ; Harn-

halli, v. 341 ; Harrand, v. 342 ; Hatta,

v - 356, 357 5 Herat, v. 393 ; Hingni,

v. 422 ; Hoti-Mardan, v. 460 ; Hujra,

v. 501 ; Ichak, v. 504 ; Isakhel, vii.

25 ; Isarda, vii. 25 ; Islamgarh, vii. 27 ;

Islamkot, vii. 27 ; Itawa, vii. 28 ;

Jahazgarh, vii. 45 ; Jaisinghnagar, vii.



70; Jaitpur, vii. 71 ; Jalalabad, vii.
76 ; Jalna, vii. 107 ; Jambughora, vii.
120 ; Jambusar, vii. 123 ; Jammalam-
madugu, vii. 129 ; Jamrud, vii. 133 ;
Janjira, vii. 141 ; Jasdan, vii. 141 ;
Jaspura, vii. 146 ; Jhinjhuwara, vii.
230 ; Jogigarh, vii. 247 ; Junagarh, vii.
263 ; Junnar, vii. 264 ; Kabul, vii.
267 ; Kadi, vii. 280 ; Kadiir, vii. 289 ;
Rohtas in Kaimur, vii. 298 ; Kalmesh-
war, vii. 339 ; Kamona, vii. 353 ;
Kandahar, vii. 390, 391 ; Kandapur,
vii. 398 ; Kankanhalli, vii. 434 ; Man-
ora (Karachi), vii. 452 ; Karanguli, vii.
465, 466 ; Karmala, viii. 17 ; Karnal,
viii. 28 ; Katalgarh, viii. 86 ; Kaveri-
pak, viii. 105, 106 ; Kaveripatam, viii.
106 ; Kaveripuram, viii. 106 ; Kera,
viii. 117; Keriir, viii. 1 17 ; Kesod,
viii. 118; Khairpur-Juso, viii. 139;
Khandwa, viii. 162 ; Khania-dhana,
viii. 163 ; Kharda, viii. 167 ; Khelat,
viii. 187 ; Khimlasa, viii. 201 ; Kish-
angarh, viii. 223, 224 ; Kistnapur, viii.
237 ; Kittur, viii. 237, 238 ; Kohat,
viii. 250 ; Kora, viii. 295 ; Kot-Pulli,
viii. 313; Kunigal, viii. 366; Kurai,
viii. 367, 368 ; Kutiyana, viii. 381 ;
Lachmangarh, viii. 396 ; Ladwa, viii.
400 ; Lahar, viii. 400 ; Lahore, viii.
415, 417 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 439 ; Lakh-
nauti, viii. 441 ; Laki, viii. 443 ; Lal-
guli Falls, viii. 445 ; Larkhana, viii.
463, 465 ; Leh, viii. 469 ; the Machi
Bhawan, Lucknow, viii. 503, 504 ;
Ludhiana, viii. 526 ; Lughasi, viii.
527 ; Fort Mackeson, viii. 535, 536 ;
Madha, viii. 541 ; Fort St. George
(Madras), ix. 106, 107; Mahim, ix. 180;
Maihar, ix. 189 ; Mainpuri, ix. 212,
213 ; Makrai, ix. 215 ; Malegaon, ix.
254 ; Malkapur, ix. 259 ; Mandla, ix.
307 ; Mandlesar. ix. 308 ; Mangahpett,
ix. 312 ; Mangalvedha, ix. 315 ; Man-
grota, ix. 317 ; Mankera, ix. 337 ;
Manora, ix. 339 ; Mariadeh, ix. 345 ;
Masulipatam, ix. 352 ; Mat, ix. 358 ;
Prabal, ix. 364 ; Mattod, ix. 366 ;
Mau, ix. 368 ; Maunda, ix. 373 ;
Maolikara, ix. 375 ; Michni, ix. 423 ;
Mogaltiir, ix. 470 ; Mojarh, ix. 477 ;
Monghyr, ix. 490; Moradabad, ix. 513;
Morpur, ix. 518; Mowa, ix. 522;
Mughalpur, ix. 529 ; Muhammadpur,
ix. 532; Multan, x. II; Mundra, x.
14 ; Mustafabad, x. 42 ; Muzaffarabad,
x. 54 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 65 ; Mysore,
x. 123 ; Nagamangala, x. 154 ; Nagina,
x. 160; Nainwah, x. 178; Pathargarh,
x. 179 ; Nakodar, x. 180 ; Nandarthan,



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