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Gandevi, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, iv. 463.
Gandgarh, hills in Punjab, iv. 463, 464.
Gandha Madan, peak in Bengal, iv. 464.
Gandhol, State in Kathiawar, iv. 464.
Gandikot, hill fort in Madras, iv. 464.
Ganeswari, river in Assam, iv. 464.
Ganga Bal. See Gangal.
Ganga dynasty, The, in S. India, had

their capital at Talkad, xiii. 167.
Gangaikandapur, town in Madras, iv.

465, 466.
Ganga Govind Singh, baniya of Warren

Hastings, his large fortune and splendid

sraddha, vii. 405, 406.
Gangal, lake in Kashmir, iv. 466.
Gangapur, town in Rajputana, iv. 466.
Gangaru. See Gangiru.
Gangawali, port in Bombay, iv. 466.
Ganges, river of N. India, iv. 466-472 ;

its course, 466-469; its traffic, 469-471 ;

its discharge and average rise, 471,

472; article 'India,' vi. 11 ; 16-32;

its river system and course, 16, 17 ;

discharge, 17; sanctity, 17, 18; the

fertilizer and highway of Bengal, 19,

20 ; traffic, 20, 21 ; great cities, 20, 21 ;

different stages in the life of, 21-25 '■>
, as a silt collector, 21, 22 ; as a land-
maker, 22, 23 ; section of a deltaic

channel of, 23 ; combined delta of the

Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna,



24, 25 ; subterranean structure of the
Gangetic delta, 26 and footnote ; silt
brought down by, at Ghazipur, 27 and
footnote ; estimated silt of united river
system, 28 ; age of the Bengal delta, 28 ;
river irrigation, 28 ; the Ganges and
Jumna Canals, 28, 29; floods, 29 ; saline
deposits, 29 ; changes of channel, 30 ;
deserted river capitals, 30 ; the 'bore'
of the Ganges and Meghna, 30, 31 ;
the Goalanda railway station washed
away by, 31, 32 ; fluvial changes, allu-
vion and diluvion, 30, 32 ; navigation
on, 552.

Ganges Canals, vi. 28, 29 ; 532, 533.

Ganges Canal, irrigation work in N.-W.
Provinces, iv. 372-475. Local notices
— Aligarh, i. 169, 173, 175 ; Buland-
shahr, iii. 131 ; Cawnpur, hi. 280,
285 ; Etah, iv. 358 ; Etavvah, iv. 367 ;
starts from Hard war, v. 334; Mainpuri,
ix. 203 ; Meerut, ix. 382 ; Muzaffar-
nagar, x. 66, 67, 74 ; Rurki (head-
works), xii. 86; Saharanpur, xii. 1 14.

Ganges Canal, Lower, irrigation work in
N.-W. Provinces, iv. 475-477. Local
notices — Etah, iv. 358, 362 ; Etawah,
iv. 367 ; Mainpuri, ix. 203.

Gangetic historical and commercial cities,
vi. 20 ; deserted cities, vi. 30.

Gangiru, town in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

477-
Gangoh, town in N.-W. Provinces, iv.

477-

Gangotri, mountain temple in N.-W.
Provinces, iv. 477, 478.

Gangpur, Native State in Chutia Nagpur,
iv. 478, 479 ; history, 478, 479.

Gangrov, town in Rajputana, iv. 479.

Ganguria, village in Bengal, iv. 479.

Gdnjd or narcotic hemp, Excise duty on,
article ' India,' vi. 455 ; cultivated in
Bogra, iii. 29 ; Berar, v. 270 ; Naogaon,
x. 199 ; Nimar, xi. 333 ; Rajshahi, xi.

433, 434- .

Ganjam, District in Madras, v. 1-8 ;
physical aspects, 1-3 ; history, 3, 4 ;
population, 4, 5 ; agriculture, 6, 7 ;
natural calamities, 7 ; communications,
manufactures, etc., 7, 8; administra-
tion, 8.

Ganjam, taluk in Madras, v. 8, 9.

Ganjam, town in Madras, v. 9.

Ganjam. See Rishikuliya.

Ganjam, suburb of Seringapatam, v. 9.

Ganpat Rao Kharke, Sir, Diwan ot
Gwalior, v. 230.

Gantang, mountain pass in Punjab, v. 9.

Ganutia, town in Bengal, v. 9, 10.

Garag, town and tdhik in Bombay, v. 10.

Garai, river in Bengal, v. 10, 11.

Garamli Moti, State in Kathiawar,
v. 11.



INDEX.



125



Garamli Nam, State in Bombay, v. II.

Garaspur, town in Central India, v. II.

Garden Reach, suburb of Calcutta, v. II.

Gardens, 'of Splendour,' Ajmere, i. 133 :
Zoological at Alipur, i. 180 ; the
Shalimar at Baghbanpur, i. 416, xii.
374; the Horticultural, the Lai Bagh
at Bangalore, ii. 68 ; at Bhakkar, ii.
358 ; Memorial at Cawnpur, iii. 290 ;
Chhindwara, iii. 403 ; Darjiling, iv.
141 ; Gonda, v. 157 ; Botanical at
Howrah, v. 465 ; Lai Bagh at Indore,
vii. 9 ; Jahanabad (N.-W. P.), vii. 44 ;
Ram Newas Jaipur, vii. 60; Jehlam,
vii. 178 ; Kairana, vii. 308 ; Botanical
at Kalhatti, vii. 325; the Temple at
Kamthi, vii. 367 ; Karachi, vii. 453 ;
floating in Kashmir, viii. 72 ; Khajuha,
viii. 140 ; Kora, viii. 295 ; Kulbaya,
viii. 333 ; the Lawrence at Lahore,
viii. 417 ; Horticultural at Madras, ix.
105 ; Memorial at Miani (Sind), ix.
422 ; Multan, x. 12 ; Botanical at
Mussooree, x. 42; Nagpur, x. 174;
Peshawar, xi. 159; Raipur, xi. 377;
Rajamahendri, xi. 382 ; Agri-Horticul-
tural Society's at Rangoon, xi. 484 ;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 37 ; Rewari, xii. 56 ;
Sagar, xii. 109 ; Botanical at Saharan-
pur, xii. 120, 125 ; Seoni, xii. 315 ;
Shahdara, xii. 341 ; Sialkot, xii. 452 ;
Royal Botanical at Sibpur, xii. 458 ;
Sikandra, xii. 481 ; Srinagar (floating),
xiii. yy ; Sultanpur, xiii. 105 ; Trivan-
drum, xiii. 370 ; Botanical at Utaka-
mand, xiii. 450 ; Wardha, xiii. 529.

Gardner, Col., made peace with the
Gurkhas (18 1 5), and Commissioner of
Kumaun (181 5- 17), viii. 351.

Gardner, Major, defeated and killed at
Akauk-taung in second Burmese war,
v. 385.

Gargaon. See Garhgaon.

Gargariba. See Haiatpur.

Garh, State in Bombay, v. II, 12.

Garha, historic town in Central Provinces,
v. 12.

Garha. See Gharra.

Garha Kalan, village in N.-W. Provinces,
v. 12.

Garhakota, town in Central Provinces, v.
12, 13.

Garhakota Ramna, teak forest in Central
Provinces, v. 14.

Garhauli, town in N.-W. Provinces, v. 14.

Garhbeta, town in Bengal, v. 14.

Garhbori, town and pargana in Central
Provinces, v. 14.

Garhdiwala, town in Punjab, v. 14.

Garhgaon, historic town in Assam, v.

14, 15.

Garhi, estate in Central India, v. 15.
Garhi-Adu-Shah, town in Bombay, v. 1 5.



Garhi Yasin, town in Bombay, v. 15.
Garhumkhtesar, historic town in N.-W.

Provinces, v. 15, 16.
Garhshankar, town and tahsil in Punjab,

v. 16.
Garhvi, river of Central Provinces, v.

16.
Garhwal, District in N.-W. Provinces, v.

16-23; physical aspects, 16, 17;

history, 17 - 19 ; population, 19, _ 20 ;

agriculture, 20, 21 ; natural calamities,

21, 22; commerce and trade, 22;

administration, 22, 23 ; medical aspects,

23-

Garhwal, Native State in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, v. 23, 24.

Garias or tailors, degraded Muhammadan
class in Kamrup, vii. 360.

Garnets, found in Bantwal, ii. 104 ;
Kistna, viii. 226 ; Madras, ix. 6 ;
Madura, ix. 122 ; Mysore, x. 92 ; Pur,
xi. 296 ; Rapur, xi. 512 ; Udaipur,
xiii. 401.

Garnimetta, town in Madras, v. 24.

Garo Hills, District in Assam, v. 24-32 ;
physical aspects, 25, 26 ; history, 26,
27 ; population, 27 - 30 ; agriculture,
30, 31 ; manufactures, 31, 32; admini-
stration, 32 ; medical aspects, 32.

Carol, State in Bombay, v. 32.

Garola, estate in Central Provinces, v. 32.

Garos, aboriginal tribe in Assam, i. 351 ;
their manners and customs, v. 28-30 ;
in Goalpara, v. 115 ; Kamrup, vii.
355. 359 5 Kuch Behar, viii. 322 ;
Maimansingh, ix. 191, 192.

Garotha, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, v.

32, 33-

Garrauli, State in Central India, v. 33.

Garstin, Capt. John, built the Govern-
ment granary at Patna (1784), xi. 109.

Garstin, Mr., quoted, on Pondicherri, xi.
198, 199.

Garuda-giri, hill peak in Mysore, v. 33.

Garudanadi, river in Madras, v. 33.

Garumari, forest reserve in Assam, v. 33.

Garvi. See Dang States.

Garwa, town in Bengal, v. 33, 34.

Gathar, town in Bombay, v. 34.

Gaudas, The, of the Talu country, rose in
insurrection (1837), iv. 31.

Gauhali, State in Bombay, v. 34.

Gauhati, town in Assam, v. 34, 35.

Gaulis, ancient ruling race in the C.
Provinces, now a crushed tribe, article
'India,' vi. 71. Local notices — Bhan-
dara, ii. 361 ; their kingdoms, iii. 301 ;
Dongarthal, iv. 314 ; Gawilgarh, v. 43.

Gaur, historic capital of Bengal, v. 35-41.

Gaura. See Gora.

Gaura Jamiin, pargana in Oudh, v. 41.

Gaurangdihi, hills in Bengal, v. 41.

Gaurihar, State in Central India, v. 41.



126



INDEX.



Gauripur, village in Assam, v. 41, 42.

Gautama Buddha, founder of the Buddhist
religion. See Buddha and Buddhism.

Gautama, founder cf the Nyaya phil-
osophy of Indian logic, lived atGodna,

v \ : 35- .

Gavipur, village in Mysore, v. 42.

Gavridar, State in Kathiawar, v. 42.

Gawilgarh, hill range in Berar, v. 42.

Gawilgarh, hill fort in Berar, v. 42, 43.

Gawler, Col., his Sikkim, quoted, xii.
484 ; commanded the Sikkim expedi-
tion (1861), xii. 485.

Gaya, District in Bengal, v. 43-52 ; phy-
sical aspects, 43-45 ; history, 45, 46 ;
population, 46-49 ; agriculture, 49, 50 ;
natural calamities, 50 ; commerce and
trade, 50, 51 ; administration, 51, 52;
medical aspects, 52.

Gaya, Sub-division in Bengal, v. 52, 53.

Gaya, sacred town in Bengal, v. 53.

Gayawal Brahmans, a class in Gaya,
v. 46.

Gazelle, The Indian, article 'India,'
vi. 657. Local notices — Kaira, vii. 300;
Karnul, viii. 35 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 58 ;
Nallamalai Hills, x. 185 ; Upper Sind
Frontier, xiii. 440.

Gazzalhatti, pass in Madras, v. 53.

Gedi, State in Kathiawar, v. 53.

Geography of India. See Physical
aspects.

Geology of India, article 'India,' vi. chap,
xxii. pp. 631-640. Geology of the
Himalayas, 631 ; the central gneissic
axis, 631, 632 ; lower Himalayas,
633 ; the sub-Himalayas and Siwaliks,
632, 633 ; the Salt Range, 633 ; Indo-
Gangetic plain, its age, history, and
geological deposits, 633, 634 ; penin-
sular India, 634-639 ; the Vindhya
system, 635 ; Gondwana series, 635,
636 ; Panchet and Talcher group, 636 ;
Damodar series and coal-fields, 636-

638 ; Deccan trap and laterite, 638,

639 ; precious stones, 639 ; geological
structure of Burma, 639, 640. Local
notices — See Mount Abii, i. 5 ; Aden,
i. 15; Amherst, i. 235; Anamalai
Hills, i. 270; Andaman Islands, i. 283;
Aravalli Hills, i. 307, 308; North
Arcot, i. 311; Assam, i. 347; Ban-
galore, ii. 59; Bassein, ii. 193; Bastar,
ii. 204; Belgaum, ii. 231; Bengal,
ii. 271 ; Betul, ii. 328, 329 ; Bhandara,
ii. 360; Bhartpur, ii. 371; Birbhum,
iii. I ; Bombay, iii. 40, 41 ; Broach,
iii. 102; Bundelkhand, iii. 151; Central

. Provinces, iii. 297, 298 ; Chitaldriig,
iii. 423; Coorg, iv. 31; the Deccan,
iv. 165; Dharwar, iv. 258; Diingarpur,
iv. 322 ; the Ghats, v. 60, 61 ; Haidar-
abad State, v. 241 ; Himalaya Moun-



tains, v. 409-412 ; Hindu Kush, v. 417;
Hoshangabad, v. 442, 443 ; Hoshiar-
pur, v. 450 ; Jabalpur, vii. 30 ; Jaipur,
vii. 51 ; Jashpur, vii. 145 ; Jhalawar,
vii. 198, 199; Jodhpur, vii. 236; North
Kanara, vii. 369 ; South Kanara, vii.
375 ; Karauli, vii. 470, 471 ; Karnul,
viii. 34, 35 ; Kashmir, viii. 62 ; Khan-
desh,viii. 151 ; Kolar,viii. 273 ; Konkan,
viii. 291 ; Kumaun, viii. 349 ; Madras,
ix. 4, 5 ; Madura, ix. 1 21 ; Western
Malwa, ix. 268, 269 ; Mandla, ix. 300 ;
Manipur, ix. 324 ; Mysore State,
x. 91, 92, District, x. 114; Nagpur,
x. 165 ; Nallamalai Hills, x. 185 ;
Narsinghpur, x. 217 ; Nasik, x. 228 ;
Nellore, x. 261 ; Panna, xi. 49 ; Parur,
xi. 78 ; Raipur, xi. 367 ; Rajputana,
xi. 400, 401 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 5 ; Rewa
Kantha, xii. 49 ; Sagar, xii. 100, 101 ;
Sahyadri Hills, xii. 138; Salem, xii.
152, 153; Sambalpur, xii. 179; San-
doway, xii. 200 ; Sandvir, xii. 206, 207 ;
Satpura Hills, xii. 288, 289 ; Seoni,
xii. 308, 309 ; Shahabad, xii. 324 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 430 ; Sirmur, xii. 553,
554 ; Aravalli Hills in Sirohi, xiii. 2 ;
Siwalik Hills, xiii. 43 ; Tanjore, xiii.
181 ; Tavoy, xiii. 228 ; Thon-gwa, xiii.
288 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 298 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 355; Tiimkur, xiii. 375, 376;
Udaipur, xiii. 401 ; Vindhyan Moun-
tains, xiii. 475 ; Wardha, xiii. 522 ;
Wun, xiii. 538.

Geonkhali, village and lighthouse in
Bengal, v. 53, 54.

Georgegarh, village in Punjab, v. 54.

Gericke, Lutheran missionary in Tinne-
velli, xiii. 304.

Germans in India. See Ostend and
Prussian.

Gewarda. See Giwarda.

Ghagar, river in Bengal, v. 54.

Ghaggar, river in Rajputana, v. 54, 55.

Ghagra. See Gogra.

Ghaibi Dero, estate in Bombay, v. 55.

Ghakkars, tribe in Rawal Pindi, their
invasions of India, and their present
descendants, article ' India,' vi. 185.
Local notices — Gujrat, v. 190; Hazara,
v. 361, 363 ; Jehlam, vii. 168, 169, 170,
171; Rawal Pindi, xii. 23-25; their
numbers, xii. 26, 267.

Ghalias, Nepali tribe who come to
pasture their cattle in Darjiling, iv.
130.

Ghamar. See Gahmar.

Ghan, river of Berar, v. 55.

Ghanchis, Muhammadan class in the
Panch Mahals, xi. 31.

Ghara, name applied to the united streams
of the Beas and the Sutlej, till their
junction with the Chenab, v. 55.



INDEX.



127



Gharipuri. See Elephanta.
Gharo, village in Bombay, v. 56.
Gharra, State in Central India, v. 56.
Ghasi Das, founder of the sect of the
Satnamis in Chhatisgarh, iii. 312,

3 : 3-

Ghatal, town and Sub-division in Bengal,

v - 56.

Ghatampur, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, v. 56, 57.
Ghatampur, town and pargand in Oudh,

v - 57-

Ghatkul, pargand in Central Provinces,

v - 57- . .

Ghats, two ranges of mountains in

Southern India, v. 57-61.
Ghats, Eastern, mountain range along
the E. coast of India, article ' India,'
vi. 36 ; 3S ; forests of, 39.
Ghats, Western, mountain range along
the W. coast of India, article ' India,'
vi. 36 ; the Bhor Ghat pass, 36 ; Thai
Ghat pass, 37 ; Palghat pass, 37 ;
rivers of, 37, 38 ; rainfall, 38 ; forests,
39.
Ghats or bathing steps, remarkable archi-
tecturally, at Benares, ii. 262, 264,
265 ; Brindaban, iii. 100; Bulandshahr,
iii. 142 ; Cawnpur, iii. 290 ; Chitarkot,
iii. 430; Deoband, iv. 199; Dera Ghazi
Khan, iv. 218 ; Etawah, iv. 379 ; Gaur,
v. 39; Hardwar, v. 331, 333; Jas-
wantnagar, vii. 147 ; Kurundwad, viii.
377; Maghidna, ix. 139; Gokul, ix.
152; Maheswar, ix. 173; Mandhata,
ix. 294 ; Mirzapur, ix. 461 ; Murliganj,
x. 17; Muttra, x. 53; Pandharpur,
xi. 37 ; Pauni, xi. 120 ; Pukhra, xi.
239 ; Pushkar, xi. 335 ; Ramghat, xi.
449; Ramtek, xi. 466; Raver (C. P.),
xii. 14 ; Sadullapur, xii. 96, 97 ; Sagar,
xii. 108; Shiron, xii. 407; Sirajganj,
xii. 547 ; Soron, xiii. 67 ; Srinagar,
xiii. 76; Surajpur, xiii. 117; Tribeni,
xiii. 353 ; Wai, xiii. 509 ; Yedator,
xiii. 530.
Ghatwals, formerly guardians of the
passes, now landholders in Hazaribagh,
v. 371, 373.
Ghaus Khan, mutineer leader, held Koil

against the English (1857), xii. 482.
Ghaziabad, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, v. 61.
Ghazipur, District in N.-W. Provinces,
v. 61-70; physical aspects, 62 ; history,
62-65 ; population, 65-67 ; agriculture,
67, 68 ; natural calamities, 68 ; com-
merce and trade, 69 ; administration,

69, 70 ; sanitary aspects, 70.
Ghazipur, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces,

v. 70.
Ghazipur, city in N.-W. Provinces, v.

70, 71.



Ghazipur, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces,

v. 71.
Ghazipur Khas, town in N.-W. Provinces,

v. 71.
Ghazi-ud-din Haidar, first king of Oudh
(1814-27), his buildings at Lucknow,
viii. 509.
Ghazi-ud-din-nagar. See Ghaziabad.
Ghazni, town in Afghanistan, v. 71-73.
Gheria. See Vijaiadrug.
Gheria, town in Bengal, v. 73 ; defeat of
Mir Kasim at, by Major Adams, article
'India,' vi. 386.
Ghes, estate in Central Provinces, v. 73.
Ghi or butter, exported from Bahraich, i.
432; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 215;
Etawah, iv. 370 ; Faridpur, iv. 405 ;
Gujranwala, v. 185; Gujrat, v. 194;
Gurgaon, v. 219; Hazara, v. 366;
Hazaribagh, v. 378 ; Kaira, vii. 307 ;
Kheri, viii. 196; Lalipur, viii. 455;
Lohardaga, viii. 484 ; Maimansingh,
ix. 198 ; Manbhum, ix. 285 ; Man-
durda, ix. 310; Melghat, ix. 403;
Miani, ix. 421 ; Monghyr, ix. 487 ;
Montgomery, ix. 500 ; Miiltan, x. 3 ;
Muzaffargarh , x. 63 ; Nariad, x. 212 ;
Partabgarh, xi. 73 ; Rajauli, xi. 386 ;
Rusera, xii. 87 ; Sahiwal, xii. 137 ;
Salaya, xii. 149; Sandila, xii. 198;
Shahpur, xii. 366 ; Somastipur, xiii.
50 ; Unao, xiii. 435 ; Wardha, xiii. 527.
Ghias-ud-din, Pathan king of Gaur, buried

at Badrihat, i. 410.
Ghilzais, tribe in Afghanistan, i. 41, 42 ;

Kandahar, vii. 389, 390.
Ghinghiz Khan, destroyed Farrah, i. 35 ;
left military colonies in the Kulni valley
of 1000 men, wdience the name Hazara,
v. 361 ; took Kandahar (1222), vii.
392 ; overran the Punjab (1245), xi.
261.
Ghiyas-ud-din Balban. See Balban.
Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlak, founder of the
Tughlak dynasty (1320-24), article
'India,' vi. 283 ; founded Tughlakabad,
iv. 192.
Ghodbandar. See Ghorbandar.
Ghogha. See Gogo.
Ghogharo, town in Bombay, v. 73.
Gholghat, village in Bengal, v. 74.
Gholwad, town in Bombay, v. 74.
Ghor, Dynasty of (1 152-1206), Muham-
mad of Ghor's invasions, his first
defeats and ultimate conquest of N.
India and Bengal, article ' India,' vi.
275-278.
Ghora. See Jobat.
Ghorabari, taluk in Bombay, v. 74.
Ghorasar, State in Bombay, v. 74.
Ghorbandar, port in Bombay, v. 74, 75.
Ghori dynasty, The, of Malwa (1387-
1526), ix. 267.



128



INDEX.



Ghorian, town in Afghanistan, i. 36.
Ghotana, town in Bombay, v. 75.
Ghotki, town and taluk in Bombay, v.

75-
Ghugus, village in Central Provinces, v.

75, 76.

Ghulab Singh, Raja of Kashmir and
Jamu, put down the Hazara rebellion
(1847), v. 362 ; annexed Iskardo, vii.
26 ; his history, viii. 61 ; conquest of
Ladakh, viii. 399, 400.

Ghulam, class of slaves, descendants of
captives taken in war in Peshawar, xi.

I 5 I -

Ghulam Haidar Khan, son of Dost Mu-
hammad, ruler of Kandahar (1855-57),

vii. 394.
Ghulam Kadir Khan, Rohilla chief, held

Aligarh, i. 270 ; defeated and killed by

Sindia (1788), xii. 116.
Ghulam Kadir Khan, Nawab of Shahja-

hanpur, rose in the Mutiny, and ruled

that District (1857-58), xii. 345, 346-
Ghulam Muhammad, son of Tipu Sultan,

built mosque at Calcutta (1842), iii.

251.
Ghulam Nabi Khan Kalhora, ruler of

Sind (1777), killed in battle with Mir

Bijar Talpur, xii. 512.
Ghulam Shah Kalhora, ruler of Sind

(1757-62), founded Haidarabad, v. 287 ;

built great dam across Kori, viii. 298; his

history, xii. 512 ; allowed Company to

establish factory at Tatta (1758), xiii.

218.
Ghusal, mountain pass in Punjab, v. 76.
Ghusri, village in Bengal, v. 76.
Ghutasan Devi, hill pass in Punjab, v. 76.
Gh ut in or nodular limestone. See Kankar.
Ghwalari, pass in Punjab, v. 76 ; article

' India,' vi. 6.
Gibbings, Capt., murdered at Sultanpur

(1857), xiii. 97.
Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman

Empire, quoted, article ' India,' vi.

230 (footnote 1); 239 (footnote 2).
Gibbs, Lt. J. E., referred to, on the tank

at Rupgarh, xii. 83.
Gidhaur, town in Bengal, v. 76.
Gidhaur Gala, pass in Punjab, v. 77.
Gidu-jo-Tando, town in Bombay, v. 77.
Gigasaran, State in Kathiawar, v. 77.
Gigianis, Pathan tribe in Peshawar, xi.

149-

Gijigarh, town in Rajputana, v. 77.

Gilgaon, historic estate in Central Pro-
vinces, v. 77.

Gilghit, valley and district in Himalayas,
v. 77-81.

Gillespie, Gen. Sir R. R., killed at
Nalapani in the Gurkha war, x. 181 ;
put down mutiny at Vellore (1806),
xiii. 469.



Ginaur. See Gunaur.

Gingelly. See Oil-seeds.

Ginger, grown in Bengal, ii. 271, 304 ;
Cochin, iv. 5 ; Dungarpur, iv. 323 ;
Garo Hills, v. 31 ; Goa, v. 93 ;
Gwalior, v. 228 ; Haidarabad, v. 245 ;
Howrah, v. 463 ; Jhabua, vii. 195 ;
Kahlur, vii. 294; North Kanara, vii.
372 ; Kumaun, viii. 354 ; Mahram,
ix. 185 ; Malabar, ix. 229, 230 ; Mani-
pur, ix. 331 ; Mao-san-ram, ix. 343 ;
Nelliampati Hills, x. 260; Nepal, x.
277 ; Palni Mountains, xi. 19 ; Rang-
pur, xi. 496 ; Simla, xii. 493 ; Shmur,
xii. 555 ; Sitapur, xiii. 35 ; Tarai, xiii.
209 ; Tipperah, xiii. 317.

Gingi, fort in Madras, v. 81-84 ; history,
83, 84 ; surrender of, by the French to
Sir Eyre Coote, article ' India,' vi. 380.

Gingi. See Ariakupum.

Gipsy clans, article 'India,' vi. 71.

Gir, range of hills in Kathiawar, v. 84.

Girar, town in Central Provinces, v. 84.

Girasias, aboriginal tribe in Sirohi, xiii.

4> 5-

Girdabadi, peak in Madras, v. 84.

Giridhi, Sub-division in Bengal, v. 84, 85.

Girishk, town in Afghanistan, i. 35.

Giriyak, village in Bengal, v. 85.

Girls' schools, article ' India,' vi. 478,
479. See also Education.

Girnar, sacred hill in Bombay, v. 85, 86.

Girwa, river of Nepal and Oudh, v. 86, 87.

Girwan, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, v. 87.

Gita Govinda, The, or 'Divine Herds-
man,' the song of Krishna, article
' India,' vi. 128.

Glass and glass articles, made at Ahraura,
i. in; Anantapur, i. 278 ; Kalahasti
in North Arcot, i. 317, vii. 321 ;
Bangalore, ii. 64 ; Bellary, ii. 247;
Bhagalpur, ii. 350 ; Channapata, iii.
368 ; Chitaldrug, iii. 426 ; Dewa, iv.
235 ; Dharwar, iv. 264 ; Hiriyur, v.
423 ; by the Ghakkars in Sultanpur,
vii. 175 ; Kapadwanj, vii. 439 ; Pani-
pat in Karnal, viii. 25 ; Kelod, viii.
Ill; Kittur, viii. 238 ; Kolhapur, viii.
284 ; Koratagiri, viii. 296 ; Lucknow,
viii. 516; Mattod, ix. 366; Nagina,
x. 160 ; Nasirabad, x. 238 ; Panipat,
xi. 47; Sawansa in Partabgarh, xi. 73 ;
Rai Bareli, xi. 357 ; Rampur (N.-W.
P. ), xi. 460 ; Sohna, xiii. 48 ; Targaon,
xiii. 213; Tumkur, xiii. 379; Mangrul
in Wi'm, xiii. 544.

Glasson, Mr., opened first coffee planta-
tion in the Wainad (1840), ix. 31.

Glauber's salts {gulbar sora), found in
Saran, xii. 252.

Glazier, Mr. , quoted, on the course of the
Tista, xiii. 331, 332 ; on its flood,
xiii. 332-334.



INDEX.



129



Gneiss, found or quarried, in the Ana-
malai Hills, i. 270 ; Aravalli Hills, i.
307 ; Bachireddipalem, i. 406 ; Banda,
ii. 46 ; Bangalore, ii. 59 ; the Deccan,
iv. 165 ; Dharwar, iv. 258 ; Dubrajpur,
iv. 318; Dungarpur, iv. 322; Gali-
konda Hills, iv. 460; the Ghats, v.
60; Haidarabad State, v. 241; the
Himalaya Mountains, v. 410-412 ; the
Hindu Kush, v. 417 ; Jashpur, vii.
145 ; Jodhpur, vii. 236 ; South Kanara,
vn - 375 '■> Kapargddi, vii. 440 ; Ku-
maun, viii. 349 ; Madras, ix. 4 ;
Madura, ix. 121 ; Mahendragiri, ix.
172; Malabar, ix. 218; Mysore State,
x. 92, District, x. 114; Nadol, x.
142 ; Nagari, x. 157 ; Nagpur, x. 165 ;
Nandidrug, x. 192 ; Nellore, x. 261 ;
Palni Mountains, xi. 17 ; Raipur, xi.
367; Salem, xii. 153; Sandur Hills,
xii. 209 ; Sankaridrug, xii. 221 ; Santal
Parganas, xii. 226 ; Sattanapalli, xii.
290 ; Seoni, xii. 308 ; Sirohi, xiii. 2 ;
Tinnevelli, xiii. 298 ; Tricbinopoli, xiii.

3S5» 364.

Goa, Portuguese Settlement in W. India,
v. 87-106; physical aspects, 88, 89;
population, 89-92 ; agriculture, 92-95 ;
administration, 95-99 ; history, 99-106.

Goa city, v. 106-109 ; Nova Goa, ic8 ;
supposed relics of St. Thomas at,
article 'India,' vi. 238; John de
Albuquerque, first bishop of (1539-53),
244; establishment of Archbishopric of,
245; Archbishop de Menezes( 1 596-99),
245 ; jurisdiction of the Goa Arch-
bishopric, 255, 256 ; capture of Goa
by Albuquerque (15 10), 359.

Goalanda, Sub-division in Bengal, v. 109.

Goalanda, river mart in Bengal, v. 109-
III; its railway station washed away
by the Ganges, article ' India,' vi. 31.

Goalas. See Ahirs.

Goalpara, District in Assam, v. m-120;
physical aspects, ill, 112; history,
112-114; people, 114-116; agriculture,
116, 117; manufactures, 117, 118;
administration, 118, 119; medical
aspects, 119, 120.

Goalpara, Sub-division in Assam, v. 120.

Goalpara, trading town in Assam, v. 120,
121.

Goats, article 'India,' vi. 521. Local
notices — Afghanistan, i. 39 ; Chanda,
hi. 353; Garhwal, v. 21, 22; Kani-
giri, vii. 432 ; Kashmir, viii. 73 ;
Kolaba, viii. 262 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ;
Ladakh, viii. 397 ; Udaipur, xiii. 402.

Goats, Wild, markhor, etc., article
' India,' vi. 657. Local notices — Ara-
kan Hill Tracts, i. 299 ; Baluchistan,
ii. 1,6 ; Bannu, ii. 90 ; Himalaya
Mountains, v. 409 ; Hindu Kush, v.
VOL. XIV.



419 ; Kashmir, viii. 6S ; Ladakh, viii.
397 ; Lushai Hills, viii. 530 ; Peshawar,
xi. 147 ; Wardha, xiii. 524.

Gobardanga, town in Bengal, v. 121.

Gobardhan, historic town in N.-YV. Pro-
vinces, v. 121.

Gobardhangiri, fortified hill in Mysore,
v. 121.

Gobind Chandra, last Raja, of Cachar,
attacked by the Burmese, restored by
the British, and assassinated (1830),
iii. 231, 232.

Gobinclpur. See Govindpur.

Gobra, village in Bengal, v. 121.

Gobra, village in Central Provinces, v.
121.

Godagari, village in Bengal, v. 121.

Godavari, District of Madras, v. 122-131 ;
physical aspects, 122, 123 ; history,
123-125 ; population, 125-127 ; agricul-
ture, 127-129; natural calamities, 129;
means of communication, manufactures,
trade, etc., 129 ; administration, 1 30 ;
medical aspects, 130; storms, 130, 131.

Godavari, river of Central India, v. 131-
134; article 'India,' vi. 7; irrigation
works, improvement of navigation on,
vi. 551, 552.

Godda, Sub-division in Bengal, v. 134.

Goddard, General, his march across India
during the first Maratha war, article
'India,' vi. 391. Local notices —
Stormed Ahmadabad (1780), i. 95 ;
besieged Arnala (1781), i. 331 ; made



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