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of Portuguese India (1509), article
' India,' vi. 359; his capture of Goa,
and death there, 359 ; his policy to-
wards the natives, 359, 360. Local
notices — Attacked Aden, i. 16 ; burnt
Calicut, and was then defeated, iii. 269 ;
succoured Raja of Cochin, and built
first European fort there, iv. II, 12;
maintained village system in Goa, v.
92 ; his occupation and reconquest of
Goa, v. 100 ; his statue at Goa, v. 109 ;
landed at Perim, and called at Vera
Cruz, xi. 137.

Albuquerque, John de, first Bishop of
Goa (1539-53), vi. 244.

Aldeman, pargand in Oudh, i. 164, 165.

Aldercom, Colonel, attacked Wandewash,
xiii. 517.

Alengad, taluk in Madras, i. 164, 165.

Alexander the Great, his expedition to
India, and campaigns in the Punjab
and Sind (327-325 B.C.), article 'India,'
vi. 163-166; in Afghanistan, i. 48;
march through Baluchistan, ii. 28 ; the
Sakas, now Brahuis, in his army, iii.
98 ; coins found at Bulandshahr, iii.
141 ; battle with Porus at Chilianwala,
iii. 415 ; spent three days at Taxila,
iv. 270; jNikcea identified with Mong,
v. 189, ix. 478; founded Bucephala,
identified with Jalalpur, vii. 81 ;
crossed the Hydaspes, or Jehlam, at
Jalalpur, vii. 166 ; took Sangala, iden-
tified with Sanglawala Tiba, vii. 20,



10



INDEX.



xii. 214 ; supposed to have built Kan-
dahar, vii. 391 ; knew the Kori as
Lonibare, the chief mouth of the Indus,
viii. 298 ; took Multan, then capital of
the Malli, x. 3 ; campaign in the Pun-
jab, xi. 259, 260 ; in Rawal Pindi, xii.
23 ; remains of his fort at Sehwan,
xii. 306 ; took a fort of the Malli iden-
tified with Shorkot, xii. 424 ; the port
at which his admiral stopped identified
with Sonmiani, xiii. 61 ; took Talamba,
a town of the Malli, xiii. 163.

Alexandria, the modern Uchh in the
Punjab, founded by Alexander, vi. 166,
xiii. 400.

Alfred the Great's Mission to India
(883), vi. 239.

Alguada, dangerous reef in Bay of Ben-
gal, i. 165.

Aliabad, village in Oudh, i. 165.

Ali Adil Shah, king of Bijapur ( 1557-
79), husband of Cband Bibi, built
much at Bijapur, one of the victors at
Talikot, ii. 424 ; annexed Dharwar, iv.
259, 266 ; besieged Goa, but repulsed,
v. 101 ; strengthened Naldrue fort, x.
183, 184.

Alibagh, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, i. 165, 166.

Ali Bahadur, grandson of Peshwa, Baji
Rao I., established his authority in
Bundelkhand, iii. 155; died at siege
of Kalinjar, vii. 332.

Ali Bahadur, grandson of the ruler of
Bundelkhand, participated in the
Mutiny and deported, iii. 156.

Ali Bandar, town in Bombay, i. 166.

Aliganj, town and tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, i. 166, 167.

Aliganj, village in Oudh, i. 167.

Aliganj Sewan, town in Bengal, i. 167.

Aligarh, District in N.-W. Provinces, i.
167-177; physical aspects, 167-169;
history, 169-171 ; population, 171-173 ;
agriculture, 173, 174 ; natural calami-
ties, 174 ; commerce and trade, 174-
176 ; administration, 176, 177 ; medical
aspects, 177.

Aligarh, town and tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, i. 178, 179 ; where Lord Lake
defeated the Marathas, article ' India,'
vi. 398.

Aligarh, village in N.-W. Provinces, i.
179.

Aligarh, site of small fort near Calcutta,
i. 179.

Aligaum, town in Bombay, i. 179.

Ali Khan, Pathan chief of Utraula, his-
tory of, xiii. 156, 157.

Ali Mardan Khan, engineer of Shah
Jahan, laid out the Shalimar Gardens
at Baghbanpur, i. 416, xii. 374 ; made
the Hash Canal, ii. 153, v. 344, 345;



made branch from Jumna Canal to
bring water to Delhi, vii. 259 ; said to
have built the Char Chata at Kabul,
vii. 269 ; planned and partly carried
out the Eastern Jumna Canal, xii.
119; built the Badshah Mahal in
Saharanpur, xii. 116; his canal in
Sialkot, xii. 441.

Ali Muhammad, Rohilla chief, died and
was buried at Aonla, i. 296 ; his his-
tory, xi. 456.

Ali Murad Talpur, Mir, allowed to retain
part of Shikarpur, but condemned for
forgery, and deprived of some of his
territory, xii. 391.

Alipur, Sub-division in Bengal, i. 179.

Alipur, residence of Lieutenant-Governor
of Bengal, i. 179, 180.

Alipur, village and tahsil in Punjab, i.
180.

Alipur, village in Central Provinces, i.
180, 181.

Alipur. See Akalgarh.

Alipura, town and Native State in N.-W.
Provinces, i. 181.

Ali-Rajpur, town and Native State in
Bombay, i. 181, 182.

Ali Vardi Khan, Nawab of Bengal (1740-
56) ; construction of the Maratha ditch
around Calcutta as a protection against
the Marathas, article ' India,' vi. 381.
Local notices — Defeated Sarfaraz Khan
at Gheria and Marathas at Katwa, viii.
102 ; first extracted money revenue
from Laur, viii. 468, xiii. 146 ; his
capital at Murshidabad, x. 23 ; trick
played on him by Siraj-ud-daula, x. 36 ;
his tomb at Murshidabad, x. 38.

Aliwal, village in Punjab, i. 182 ; battle
of, in the first Sikh war, article ' India,'
vi. 411.

Aliyar, river in Madras, i. 182.

Allahabad, Division in N.-W. Provinces,
i. 182, 183.

Allahabad, District in N.-W. Provinces,
i. 183-194; physical aspects, 183-186;
history, 186-188; population, 188-189 ;
agriculture, 189-191 ; natural calami-
ties, 191 ; commerce and trade, 192,
193; administration, 193, 194 ; sani-
tary aspects, 194.

Allahabad, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces,
i. 194.

Allahabad, city in N.-W. Provinces, i.
I 95" I 99 5 population, 195; history,
195-199.

Allahabad and Kora made over to the
Mughal Emperor by Clive, article
'India,' vi. 387 and footnote; their
resumption by Hastings and sale to
the Waztr of Oudh, 389, 390.

Allah Band, long bank of earth in Bom-
bay, i. 199.



INDEX.



1 r



Allahganj, town in N.-W. Provinces, i.

199- , , y

Allan, Major, quoted on the Arakan \ oma
Mountains, xiii. 277.

Allan-myo, frontier town in Lower
Burma, i. 199, 200.

Alleppi, town and port in Madras, i.
200.

Allur, town in Madras, i. 200, 201.

Allur cum Kottapatnam, village in
Madras, i. 201.

Alluvion and diluvion, special instances
of, including changes in the banks of
rivers : Aligarh, i. 169 ; Amwa, i. 267 ;
Assam, i. 346; Baghar, i. 415; Bah-
raich, i. 425, 426 ; Bakarganj, i. 441 ;
Balasor, ii. 3, 4, 5 ; the Baleswar, ii.
12; Ballia, ii. 18; Bannu, ii. 89;
Bard wan, ii. 126 ; Bareilly, ii. 138 ;
the Barnadi, ii. 157; Bengal, ii. 271,
272, 273; Bhagalpur, ii. 343, 344;
the Bhagirathi, ii. 353 ; Bhagwangola,
ii. 355 ; Bilu-Gywon, ii. 460 ; Bogra,
iii. 25 ; Bombay, iii. 44 ; Brahmana-
bad, iii. 91 ; the Brahmaputra, iii. 95 ;
Budaun, iii. 116; Bulandshahr, iii.
132 ; Calcutta, iii. 246, 247 ; Cambay,
iii. 274; Chapra, iii. 370; the Chenab,
iii. 380 ; the Chilka Lake, iii. 415-417 ;
Chitlagong, iii. 433, 445 ; Churaman,
iii. 460 ; Coconada, iii. 472 ; Colgong,
iv. 23 ; Coringa, iv. 42 ; Cutch, iv. 59,
60 ; Cuttack, iv. 65-67 ; Dacca, iv. 79 ;
Dakshin Shahbazpur, iv. 96 ; the
Damodar, iv. 107-109; Dareh-bauk,
iv. 128; Darehbyu, iv. 128; Delhi,
iv. 178 ; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 209 ;
Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 219 ; Dera
Nanak, iv. 228 ; the Dhanauti, iv.
243; Dinajpur, iv. 290, 291 ; Dipal-
pur, iv. 304 ; Faridpur, iv. 394, 395 ;
Firozpur, iv. 438, 439 ; the Ganges,
iv. 472 ; Ghazipur, v. 62 ; the Girwa,
v. 87 ; Goa, v. 105 ; Goalpara, v. 112 ;
the Godavari, v. 123; the Gogra, v.
139 ; Gurdaspur, v. 207 ; Haiatpur, v.
239 ; Hala, v. 294 ; the Hugh, v. 467-
488 ; Hugh District, v. 490 ; the
Indus, vii. 14; the Irawadi, vii. 21 ;
Jalandhar, vii. 84; the Jamuna, vii. 135;
Jessor, vii. 183, 184 ; the Kalang, vii.
323 ; Kamriip, vii. 355 ; Karachi, vii.
444 ; Karnal, viii. 19 ; Kasimbazar,
viii. 81 ; Kayal, viii. 107 ; Kheri, viii.
189 ; Khulna, viii. 205, 206 ; Khushab,
viii. 213 ; Kolkai, viii. 286 ; the Kusi,
viii. 379, 380 ; Lahore, viii. 404 ; Lud-
hiana, viii. 519 ; the Mahanadi, ix.
163 ; the Mahananda, ix. 164 ; Mai-
mansingh, ix. 191; Maldah, ix. 240;
the Matabhanga, ix. 358, 359 ; Meerut,
ix. 382 ; the Meghna, ix. 395 ; Mid-
pur, ix. 425 ; Mithankot, ix. 467 ;



Montgomery, ix. 493; Murshidabad,

x. 21 ; Muzaffarnac;ar, x. 66; Nadiya,
x. 128, 129; Noakhali, x. 339, 340;
Orissa, x. 428; Oudh, x. 481 ; Pabna,
x. 511 ; Plassey, xi. 194; Purniab, xi.
322, 331, 332 ; Purushottapur, x. 332;
Rajmahal, xi. 390 ; the Western Ram-
ganga, xi. 446 ; Rangpur, xi. 488, 489 ;
the Rapti, xi. 522 ; the Ravi, xii. 15 ;
Saharanpur, xii. 121 ; Salem, xii. 151 ;
Sandwip Island, xii. 209, 210 ; Saran,
xii. 252 ; Shahbandur, xii. 340 ; Shah-
jahanpur, xii. 343 ; the Shwe-le, xii.
436 ; Sibsagar, xii. 460 ; Sind, xii.
504 ; Singraur, xii. 542 ; Sirajganj,
xii. 547; Sirsa, xiii. 10 ; the Son, xiii.
53, 54; Sriharikot, xiii. 75; the Sul>-
arnarekha, xiii. 85 ; Sultanpur (Ballia),
xiii. 106 ; the Sundarbans, xiii. 108 ;
Siiti, xiii. 140 ; the Swat, xiii. 142 ;
Sylhet, xiii. 144, 145 ; Tambaur, xiii.
169 ; Tamluk, xiii. 171, 172 ; Tandan,
xiii. 175; the Tapti, xiii. 203, 204;
Thayet-myo, xiii. 277, 278 ; Thon-gwa,
xiii. 288; Tipperah, xiii. 313 ; Twan-
te, xiii. 386 ; Twenty-four Parganas,
xiii. 387, 388 ; Udhanala, xiii. 415 ;
the Wan, xiii. 517 ; the Za-zun, xiii.
560.
Al Mas'udi, Arab geographer (10th cen-
tury), mentions caves of Ellora, iv.
349 ; on Multan, x. 2 ; mentions
Chitakul, xii. 92.
Almeida, Franciscode, Viceroy of Portu-
guese India (1505), article ' India,' vi.
359 ; at Cochin, iv. 12.
Almodh, chielship in Central Provinces,

i. 201.
Almond trees in the Andaman Islands,
i. 282 ; Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Mehar, ix.
396 ; Safed Koh Mountains, xii. 99.
Almora, town in N.-W. Provinces, i.

201.
Alompra. See Aloungpaya.
Alum, found in Anantapur, i. 274 ; Balu-
chistan, ii. 36 ; Bannu, ii. 90 ; Bellary,
ii. 241 ; Cutch, iv. 60 ; Dera Ghazi
Khan, iv. 210 ; Dera Ismail Khan, iv.
220; Kalabagh, vii. 313; Larkhana,
viii. 463 ; Maidani Hills, ix. 188 ;
Mehar, ix. 396 ; Rajputana, xi. 401 ;
Shahabad, xii. 324 ; Travancore, xiii.

345-
Alphabets of Ancient India, article

' India,' vi. 102. 103.
Altamsh, 3rd monarch of the Slave

dynasty (121 1-36), invasion by the

Mughals, article 'India,' vi. 279;

enlarged mosque of Kutab-ud-din at

Delhi, iv. 191 ; took Gwalior, v. 236.
Alur, village in Mysore, i. 201.
Alur, town and tdhik in Madras, i.

202.



12



INDEX.



Alva, Count de, killed in battle with the
Marathas, v. 104.

Alvarkurichchi, town in Madras, i. 202.

Alves, Colonel, Agent to the Governor-
General in Rajputana, wounded in a
riot at Jaipur, vii. 57.

Aiwa, petty State in Bombay, i. 202.

Alwar, State in Rajputana, i. 202-206 ;
population, 202, 203 ; hills and streams,
203 ; history, 203-205 ; crops, 205 ;
commerce, trade, manufactures, etc.,
205, 206 ; revenue, 206.

Alwar, capital of State in Rajputana,
i. 206, 207.

Alwaye, town in Madras, i. 207.

Alwaye, river in Madras, i. 207.

Amala, Dang State in Bombay, i. 207.

Amalapuram, town and taluk in Madras,
i. 207, 208.

Amalner, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, i. 208.

Amalyara, petty State in Bombay, i. 208,
209.

Amalyara, town in Bombay, i. 209.

A/nan, or winter rice crop. See Rice
cultivation.

Amanat, feeder of North Koel river,
Bengal, i. 209.

Amaniganj, market village in Oudh,
i. 209.

Amaniganj -hat, silk mart in Bengal,
i. 209.

Amapur, trading town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, i. 209.

Amarapura, town in Burma, i. 209, 210.

Amarapuram. See Amrapur.

Amarkantak, hill in Baghelkhand, i. 210.

Amarnath, village in Bombay, i. 210,

211.

Amarnath, cave in Punjab, i. 211.

Amar Singh Thappa, Gurkha General,
surrendered to General Ochterlony at
Malaun, ix. 237 ; his death, x. 289.

Amarwara, village in Central Provinces,
i. 211.

Amatti, town in Coorg, i. 211.

Amb, estate in Punjab, i. 211.

Ambad, town and tdluk in Nizam's
Dominions, i. 212.

Ambagarh Chauki, chiefship in Central
Provinces, i. 212.

Ambahta, town in N.-W. Provinces,
i. 213.

Ambaji-durga, hill in Mysore, i. 213.

Ambajipetta. See Machavaram.

Ambala, Division in Punjab, i. 213.

Ambala, District in Punjab, i. 213-224;
physical aspects, 213-215 ; history,
215-217; population, 217-220; agri-
culture, 220-222 ; natural calamities,
222; commerce and trade, etc., 222,
223 ; administration, 223 ; sanitary
aspects, 224.



Ambala, talis! I in Punjab, 224.

Ambala, city and cantonment in Punjab,
224-226 ; history, 224, 225 ; water-
supply, 225 ; population, 226 ; grand
darbdr there, article ' India,' vi. 425.

Ambalapulai, tdluk in Madras, i. 226.

Ambapeta, estate in Madras, i. 226.

Ambarnath. See Amarnath.

Ambasamudram, town and taluk in
Madras, i. 226.

Ambatmuri, pass in Madras, i. 126.
\ Ambela, mountain pass in Punjab, i.
226-228.

Amber, historic capital in Rajputana, i.
228, 229.

Ambergris, found in Nicobar Islands,
x. 297.
! Amber mines in Upper Burma, iii. 21 1.

Ambgaon, pargand in Central Provinces,
i. 229.

Ambika, river in Bombay, i. 229.

Amboyna, massacre of, article ' India,'
vi. 362, 368, 561.

Ambulupali, town in Madras, i. 230.

Ambur, town in Madras, i. 230.

Amburpet, town in Madras, i. 230.

Ambr. See Amber.

American Missions. See Missions.

Amet, town in Rajputana, i. 230.

Amethi, village in N.-W. Provinces,
i. 230, 231.

Amethi, pargand in Oudh, i. 231.

Amethi Dungar, town in Oudh, i. 231.

Amgaon, estate and village in Central
Provinces, i. 231, 232.

Amherst, Lord, Governor-General of
India (1823-28), first Burmese war,
capture of Bhartpur, article ' India,'
vi. 403, 404 ; first spent summer at
Simla, xii. 496.

Amherst, District in Burma, i. 232-243 ;
physical aspects, 232-235 ; geological
formation, 235 ; history, 235, 236 ;
antiquities, 236, 237 ; population, 237,
238; agriculture, etc., 239, 240; manu-
factures, etc., 241 ; administration,
241, 243; climate, etc., 243.

Amherst, town in Burma, i. 243.

Ami, river in N.-W. Provinces, i. 243.

Amindivi Islands. See Laccadives.

Amingadh, town in Bombay, i. 244.

Amir Khan, Pindari leader (1817),
article ' India,' vi. 404. Local notices
— Invaded Rohilkhand, ii. 140 ; de-
feated by Colonel Skinner near Afzal-
garh, ii. 430 ; plundered Dhampur,
iv. 241 ; checked by Major Shepherd
at Irich, which he afterwards made his
head-quarters, vii. 24 ; ravaged Jaipur,
vii. 56 ; called in to intervene between
Jaipur and Jodhpur, vii. 242 ; defeated
a British force near Kunch, viii. 363 ;
owned the state of Lawa, viii. 468 ;



INDEX.



i \



sacked Mandawar, ix. 293 ; sacked
Najina, x. 160; his ravages in Raj-
putana, xi. 406 ; made Navvab of Tonk,
xi. 407, xiii. 337 ; Rampura granted
him, xi. 461 ; twice plundered Sagar,
xii. 108 ; was granted Sironj by Holkar,
xiii. 7, 8 ; plundered Thakurdvvara,
xiii. 246 ; his history, xiii. 237t 33$ >
ravaged Mewar or Udaipur, xiii. 407.

Amjad AH Shah, 4th king of Oudh
( 1841-47), built the iron bridge across
the Gumti at Lucknow, viii. 510.

Amjhera, pargand in Central India, i.
244. ^

Amliyara. See Amalyara.

Ammapet, town in Madras, i. 244.

Ammayanayakanur, estate and village in
Madras, i. 244.

Amner, town and fort in Berar, i. 244,

245-

Amod, town and Sub-division in Bombay,
i. 245.

Amosi, town in Oudh, i. 245.

Ampta, village in Bengal, i. 245.

Amraoti, District in Berar, i. 245-250 ;
physical aspects, 246 ; history, 246,
247 ; population, 247 ; agriculture,
247, 248 ; land tenures, 248 ; natural
calamities, 248 ; manufactures, 248 ;
trade, 248, 249 ; roads and railways,
249 ; administration, 249 ; meteoro-
logical aspects, etc., 249, 250.

Amraoti, tahsil in Berar, i. 250.

Amraoti, town in Berar, i. 250, 251 ;
history, 250, 251 ; population, 251.

Amrapur. See Umrapur.

Amrapur, town in Madras, i. 251.

Amrapur, petty State in Bombay, i. 251.

Amravati, river in Madras, i. 252.

Amravati, town in Madras with ruined
temples, i. 252.

Amravati or Chatia Hill, tank and hill
in Bengal, i. 252, 253.

Amreli, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, i. 253.

Amri, village in Bombay, i. 253.

Amrita Bazar or Magura, village in
Bengal, i. 253.

Amrit Rao, son of Raghubai Peshwa,
lived at Tarahwan on a pension, xiii.
207.

Amritsar, Division in Punjab, i. 253, 254.

Amritsar, District in Punjab, i. 254-263 ;
physical aspects, 254-256 ; history,
256, 257; population, 257-259; agri-
culture, 259-261 ; natural calamities,
261 ; commerce and trade, etc., 261,
262 ; administration, 262, 263 ; sani-
tary aspects, 263.

Amritsar, tahsil in Punjab, i. 263.

Amritsar, city in Punjab, i. 263-266 ;
history, 263-265 ; commerce and trade,
265 ; population, 266.



Amroha, historic town and tahsil in

N.-W. Provinces, i. 266.
Amsiri, town and pargand in Oudh,

i. 266, 267.
Annua Bhauriari, village in Bengal, i.

267.
Amurnath, cave in Punjab, i. 267. See

Amarnath.
Amwa, village in N.-W. Provinces, i.

267.
Amyatt, Mr., murdered near Kasimbazar,

xi. 95.
An, or Aeng, pass over the Arakan Yoma

Mountains in Burma, vi. 6.
An, or Aeng, river in Burma, i. 267.
An, or Aeng, town and township in

Burma, i. 267, 268.
Anagundi, capital of the Narapathi

dynasty of Southern India in the 14th

century. See Vijayanagar.
Anahadgarh, town in Punjab, i. 268
Anaimudi, plateau in Madras, i. 268.
Anakapalle, estate, town, and tdiuk in

Madras, i. 268, 269.
Analysis of the Constitution of the East

India Company, by P. Auber, quoted,

article ' India,' vi. 364, 365 (foot-
notes).
Analysis of Indian foreign import and

export trade, principal staples, article

1 India,' vi. 565-581.
Anamalai, range of hills in Madras, i.

269-271.
Anamalai, town in Madras, i. 271.
Anamasamudrampet, village in Madras,

i. 271, 272.
Anand, town and Sub-division in Bombay,

i. 272.
Anandapur, Christian village in Coorg, i.

272.
Ananda Raz Gajapati, Raja of Viziana-

gram (1757), surrendered the Northern

Circars to the Company, iii. 469 ;

accompanied Col. Forde in his march

on Masulipatam, xiii. 500.
Anandpur, petty State in Kathiawar, i.

272.
Anandpur, town in Punjab, i. 272, 273.
Anandpur, village in Bengal, i. 273.
Anand Rao Paur, received grant of State

ofDharfrom Baji Rao Peshwa, iv. 247.
Anang Bhim Deo, king of Orissa (1174-

1205), built temple of Jagannath at

Puri, x. 441, 442.
Anang Pal, made Delhi capital of the

Tuar Rajas (circa 736), iv. 190.
Anang Pal 11., a second time made Delhi

capital of the Tuar Rajas on being

driven from Kanauj (1052), iv. 190.
Anang Pal ill., last Tuar Raja, driven

from Delhi by the Chauhans of Ajmere

(1 154), iv. 190.
Anantagiri, village in Madras, i. 273.



14



INDEX.



Anantapur, ancient town in Mysore, i.

273-,

Anantapur, District in Madras, i. 273-
279 ; physical aspects, 273, 374 ; his-
tory, 274, 275 ; population, 275, 276 ;
agriculture, 276, 277 ; natural calami-
ties, 277, 278 ; commerce and trade,
278 ; administration, 278, 279 ; medical
aspects, 279.

Anantapur, taluk in Madras, i. 279, 280.

Anantapur, town in Madras, i. 280.

Anawrata, Emperor of Pagan, destroyed
the Talaings in the nth century, iii.
174 ; conquered Hanthawadi, v. 313.

Anchittai-durgam, hill fort in Madras, i.
281.

Ancient capitals: Chandravati, near Mount
Abu, i. 8 ; Ahar, i. 81 ; Ajodhya, i. 134,
135 ; Amber, i. 228, 229 ; Anagundi, i.
268 ; Aror, i. 332 ; Asanir, i. 337 ;
Bidar, ii. 419 ; Bijapur, ii. 423-425 ;
Birudankarayapuram, iii. 13 ; Brah-
manabad, iii. 91 ; Champaner, iii. 333;
Combaconum, iv. 24 ; Conjevaram, iv.
26 ; Dacca, iv. 89-92 ; Daulatabad, iv.
158-160; Dausa, iv. 161 ; Delhi, iv.
189 ; Deogarh, iv. 202 ; Deolia, iv.
204 ; Dimapur, iv. 289, 290 ; Dipalpur,
iv. 303, 304 ; Dunwon, iv. 325 ; Ellich-
pur, iv. 347, 348 ; Fatehpur Sikri, iv.
433-435 ; Garha, v., 12; Garhgaon, v.
14, 15 ; Gauhati, v. 34, 35 ; Gaur, v. 35-
41 ; Golconda, v. 143, 144 ; Goraghat,
v. 163 ; Halebid, v. 295 ; Hampi, v.
306-308 ; Hastinapur, v. 352 ; Humcha,
v. 501, 502 ; Ikkeri, v. 508 ; Jaunpur,
vii. 159, 160; Kalingapatam, vii. 330;
Kanauj, vii. 386, 387 ; Kariir, viii. 51,
52 ; Kasipur, viii. 82 ; Khajurahu, viii.
140, 141 ; Lahore, viii. 415 : Madura,
ix. 133-135; Maibang, ix. 187, 188;
Mandawar, ix. 292, 293 ; Mandogarh,
ix. 308, 309 ; Mandor, ix. 309 ;
Martaban, ix. 349, 350 ; Mro-haung,
ix. 523, 524 ; Murshidabad, x. 31-39 ;
Nadiya, x. 141, 142 ; Nagar, x. 155 ;
Nagar (Bednur), x. 155 ; Old Udaipur,
x. 422 ; Paithan, x. 530, 531 ; Panduah
(Hugh), xi. 39 ; Panduah (Maldah),
xi. 39-42 ; Parenda, xi. 62 ; Anhilwara
Patan, xi. 82 ; Pegu, xi. 125-128 ;
Rajagriha, xi. 380, 381 ; Rajamahendri,
xi. 382, 383 ; Rajmahal, xi. 390 ;
Ramnagar, xi. 453 : Rangpur, xi. 501,
502; Sabhar, xii. 88; Sahet Mahet,
xii. 126; Sankisa, xii. 223, 224;
Seringapatam, xii. 318-320 ; Simraon,
xii. 501, 502 ; Sitpur, xiii. 39 ; Sonar-
gaon, xiii. 59; Sopara, xiii. 65; Talkad,
xiii. 167, 168; Tamluk, xiii. 171-173;
Tandan, xiii. 175, 176 ; Tanjore, xiii.
194-196; Thana, xiii. 258, 259; Tha-
tun, xiii. 275 ; Udayagiri (Madras),



xiii. 415 ; Ujjain, xiii. 417, 418 ;
Umattur, xiii. 421 ; Vijayanagar, xiii.
473 ; Wala, xiii. 514; Warangal, xiii.
521 ; Ya-theth-myo, xiii. 549.

Ancient India as described by Megas-
thenes and Arrian, by Mr. J. M'Crin-
dle, quoted, article 'India,' vi. 168
(footnote 1), 356 (footnote).

Ancient kingdoms : Andhra, i. 287 ;
Chera, iii. 390, 391 ; Chola, iii. 455,
456 ; Kalinga, vii. 328-330 ; Kanauj,
vii. 386, 387 ; Maharashtra, ix. 166-
168 ; Pandya, xi. 42 ; Tuluva, xiii.
375 '■> Vijayanagar, xiii. 473 ; Walabhi,
xiii. 514.

Ancient land system of India, vi. 438.

Ancient mingling of castes, vi. 195, 196.

Ancient stone circles. See Stone monu-
ments, Ancient.

Andaman Islands, in Bay of Bengal, i.
281-287 ; physical aspects, 282, 283 ;
history, 283, 284 ; population, 284,
285 ; agriculture, 285, 286 ; medical
aspects, etc., 286, 287 ; assassination
of Lord Mayo at Port Blair, vi. 425.

Andaman Islanders, The, article ' India,'
vi- 55-

Andai , ghat or pass in Madras, i. 287.

Andaw, pagoda in Burma, i. 287.

Anderson, Cob, connected the Sutlej and
and Upper Sohag Canal, xiii. 46.

Anderson, Dr., member of commission to
open trade route through Burma, iii.
228.

Anderson, Lieut., murdered at Multan,
obelisk to, x. 12.

Andhargaon, town in Central Provinces,
i. 287.

Andhra, ancient kingdom in S. India, i.
287.

Andhra, estate in Madras, i. 287.

Andhs, aboriginal tribe in Berar, xiii.
541.

Andipatti, range of hills in Madras, i.
287, 288.

Andipatti, town in Madras, i. 288.

Andiyur, town in Madras, i. 288.

Andra. See Andhra.

Anecdota Oxonensia, Aryan series, vi.
102 and footnote.

Anechankur, toll station in Coorg, i. 288.

Anekal, town and taluk in Mysore, i. 288.

Angadipuram, town in Madras, i. 288, 289.

Angarbari, detached peak in Bengal, i.
289.

Anghad, petty State in Bombay, i. 289.

Angrezabad. See English Bazar.

Angria, Maratha pirate dynasty, strong-
holds stormed by Clive and Watson
(1756), iii. 38; took Jaigarh (1713),
vii. 46 ; in Kolaba, viii. 263, 264 ;
ravages on the Malabar coast, ix. 221 ;
held Rajapur, xi. 385 ; their history in



INDEX.



Ratnagifi, xii. 6 ; their capital Vizia-

dnig, xiii. 499.
Angul, Government estate in Orissa, i.

289, 290.
Angul, village in Orissa, i. 290.
Anhilwara dynasty, Rajput (746-1300),

Broach, a flourishing port under, iii.

Anicuts or Dams, on the Amravati, 1.
252 ; at Bezwada, ii. 336 ; at Bukkach-
erla, iii. 129; on the Cauvery, iii. 277,
279 ; on the Coleroon, iv. 22 ; Cortel-
liar, iv. 43 ; Adniamayapalli in Cudda-
pah, iv. 53, 54 ; Dowlaishvaram, iv.
316; on the Godavari, v. 53; on the
Honnuhole, v. 441 ; Kampli, vii.
354 ; at Sunkesala in Karnul, viii.
34 ; on the Kistna at Bezwada, viii.
237 ; in the Madras Presidency, ix.
41, 42, 43; Nellore, x. 261, 267;
on the Noyil, x. 416 ; on the Palar,
x. 541 ; on the Penner, xi. 133, 134;
on the Poini, xi. 194; Sangam (under
construction), xii. 214, 215 ; at Dehri-
on-Son in Shahabad, xii. 325 ; across
the Shamsha near Maddur, xii. 376 ;
across the Sharadanadi, xii. 376 ;
across the Sharavati, xii. 377 ; the
Dehri, xiii. 54, 55; the Srivaikantham,
xiii. 170, 171 ; in Tanjore, xiii. 189,
190 ; in Tenkasi, xiii. 241 ; across the
Tungabhadra. xiii. 383 ; across the
Varada, xiii. 463 ; across the Vara-
hanadi, xiii. 464 ; Vellar, xiii. 467 ;
across the Yagachi, xiii. 547 ; Yelan-
dur, xiii. 552.

Animals, wild and domestic, article
' India,' vi. 652-659. Local notices-
See section Physical Aspects under each
District article, and especially Afghan-
istan, i. 36, 37 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ; Bom-
bay, iii. 45, 46 ; Upper Burma, iii. 212 ;
Kashmir, viii. 68; Madras, ix. 88-91 ;
Nepal, x. 277, 278 ; Oudh, x. 483 ;
Punjab, xi. 259 ; Sind, xii. 507. — For
special notices, see also Antelopes,
Asses (wild), Bears, Bison, Buffaloes,



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