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Dewalgaon, iv. 235 ; Dharwar, iv.
264; Gujainli, v. 178; Gwalior
State, v. 228 ; Harnhalli, v. 341 ;
Hazaribagh, v. 378; Hiriyur, v. 423;
Hosdurga, v. 441 ; Jabalpur, vii. 34 ;
Kadur, vii. 287 ; Karanpura, vii. 468 ;
Karnul, viii. 41 ; Khasi Hills, viii.
1 7 1- 1 78; Khyrim, viii. 215; Kistna,
viii. 226 ; Koratigiri, viii. 296 ; Korea,
viii. 297 ; Kumaun, viii. 356 ; Madras,
ix. 5; Madura, ix. 121; Mandla, ix.
305 ; Monghyr, ix. 487 ; Mysore, x.
106; Nahan, x. 175; Narsinghpur, x.
223 ; Nong-krem, x. ^ 353 ; Nong-
spung, x. 354; Palmaner, xi. 15;
Panagur, xi. 24 ; Rairakhol, xi. 378 ;
Rajputana, xi. 401 ; Rasipur, xi. 513 ;
Rurki, xii. 86, 122; Sagar, xii. 101-
106; Salem, xii. 163 ; Santal Parganas,
xii. 234 ; Shahgarh, xii. 342 ; Shen-
damangalam, xii. 378 ; Singhbhum, xii.
531 ; by the Singphos, xii. 542 ; in
Sirmur, xii. 554; Sorab, xiii. 65;
Tegur, xiii. 235, 236 ; Tendukhera,
xiii. 241 ; Thammapatti, xiii. 248 ;
Trichinopoli, xiii. 355 ; Watrap, xiii.
534 ; Wun, xiii. 544.

Iron ware, hardware, iron implements,
etc., manufactured at Ahmadabad, i.
87 ; Ardabak, i. 329 ; in Assam, i.
367 ; Aurungabad, i. 388 ; Punganur
in South Arcot, i. 317 ; Badin, i. 409 ;
Bara Banki, ii. 113; Barot, ii. 173;
Beawar, ii. 222 ; Bhera, ii. 386 ;
Bhutan, ii. 414 ; Bihat, ii. 422 ;
Lower Burma, iii. 198 ; Chennapata,
iii. 368 ; Cochin, iv. 7 ; Dhampur, iv.
241 ; Dodderi, iv. 311 ; Ghotki, v. 75 ;
Gujrat (iron inlaid with gold), v. 177 ;
Gurgaon, v. 221 ; Haidarabad (Sind),
v. 282; Inchalkaranji, v. 510; Jag-
adhri, vii. 40; Kalabagh, vii. 314;
Kamalapuram, vii. 349 ; Kashmir,
viii. 74 ; Kashmor, viii. 79 ; Khairpur,
viii. 135; Kiratpur, viii. 220; Kol-
hapur, viii. 284 ; Lashkarpur, viii.
466 ; Lohardaga, viii. 484 Kha mb-



halia, viii. 142 ; Khyrim, viii. 215 ;
Kolhapur, viii. 284 ; Lohardaga, viii.
485 ; Madgiri, viii. 540 ; Madras
Presidency, ix. 54 ; Maharam, ix. 166 ;
Mahram, ix. 185 ; Monghyr, ix. 487 ;
Naga Hills, x. 152; Najibabad, x.
179; Natagarh, x. 240; Nepal, x.
284 ; Nosari, x. 405 ; Nowgong, x.
412; Poona, xi. 213; Punjab, xi.
287 ; Rupar, xii. 83 ; Sahiwal, xii.
137 ; Sarguja, xii. 268 ; Sherghati, xii.
380 ; Shimoga, xii. 404 ; Srinivaspur,
xiii. 79; Sylhet, xiii. 153; Tando
Muhammad Khan, xiii. 179; Tanjore,
xiii. 191 ; Tarn Taran, xiii. 215 ;
Tipperah, xiii. 319; Tumkur, xiii.
379 ; Unao, xiii. 434 ; Wanthali, xiii.
519 ; Wazirabad, xiii. 535.
Iron-wood trees, found in the Andaman
Islands, i. 282 ; Arakan Hill Tracts,
i. 299 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 45 ;
L »wer Burma, iii. 204 ; Coorg, iv. 32 ;
Western Ghats, v. 59 ; North Kanara,
vii. 372 ; South Kanara, vii. 376 ;
Malabar, ix. 229 ; Tharawadi, xiii. 272.
Ironwork, article ' India,' vi. 606.
Irrigation, irrigated area in different
tracts, with statistics, article 'India,'
vi. 528-538 ; from hill streams in the
Himalayas, vi. 9 ; river irrigation in
the plains, vi. 28, 29. Local notices
— Ahmadabad, i. 90 ; Ahmadnagar, i.
102; Ajmere-Merwara, i. 118, 125;
Aligarh, i. 173 ; Alipur (C. P.), i. 181 ;
Ambala, i. 220, 221 ; Amritsar, i.
259; North Arcot, i. 312; Baha-
walpur, i. 422 ; Bankura, ii. 83 ;
Bannu, ii. 94 ; Bara Banki, ii. Ill;
Bengal, ii. 315; Bhandara, ii. 364;
from the Bhavani, ii. 382 ; in Bhutan,
ii. 413; Bombay, iii. 55, 56; Bukka-
cherla, iii. 129; Bulandshahr, iii. 131 ;
from the Cauvery, iii. 278, 279 ; in
Cawnpur, iii. 280 ; Champaran, iii.
342 ; Chitaldrug, iii. 426 ; Cuddapah,
iv. 53 ; Cuttack, iv. 67, 68 ; Delhi, iv.
183 ; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 214, 215 ;
Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 223 ; Etah, iv.
362 ; Etawah, iv. 375 ; Faizabad, iv.
384 ; Fatehpur, iv. 427 ; Firozpur, iv.
444 ; from the Ganges Canals, iv. 472
477 ; Gaya, v. 44, 49 ; from the Ghag-
gar, v. 55 ; Godavari, v. 127 ; Gonda,
v. 152; Gostanadi, v. 174; Gujran-
wala, v. 184 ; Gujrat, v. 193 ; Gurdas-
pur, v. 211; Gurgaon, v. 220;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 279, 280 ;
Hassan, v. 349 ; from the Hemavati,
v. 382 ; the Hindan, v. 414 ; Hissar,
v. 431; from the Indus, vii. 15, 16;
Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Jalandhar, vii. 88 ;
from the Jayamangali, vii. 164 ; in
Jehlam, vii. 173; Jhang, vii. 210;



INDEX.



163



Jhansi, vii. 223 ; from the Jumna
Canals, vii. 256-261 ; Kadi'ir, vii. 286;
Kamrup, vii. 362 ; Kangra, vii. 423,
424 ; Karachi, vii. 448 ; Karauli, vii.
473; Karnal, viii. 24; Karnul, viii. 39;
Kaveripak, viii. 105 ; from the Kendra-
pdra Canal, viii. 114; Khairpur, viii.
133; Khandesh, viii. 156; from the
Khanwah Canal, viii. 165; Kharakpur,
viii. 165; Kheri, viii. 193; Kistna, viii.
231 ; from the Kistna river, viii. 237 ;
Kohat, viii. 247 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ;
Kulu, viii. 343 ; from the Kuram, viii.
370 ; Lahore, viii. 410 ; from the
Lakshmantirtha, viii. 443 ; Lalitpur,
viii. 453 ; Ludhiana, viii. 522 ; Madras
Presidency, ix. 28, 29, 30, 40-44 ;
Madura, ix. 129 ; from the Mahanadf
(the Orissa Canal System), ix. 160-162;
Mainpuri, ix. 208 ; from the Ma-tun,
ix. 367 ; Meerut, ix. 388 ; from the
Midnapur High Level Canal, ix. 434,
435 ; Mirzapur, ix. 458 ; Monghyr,
ix. 485 ; Montgomery-, ix. 498, 499 ;
Moradabad, ix. 509 ; from the Moti-
talao, ix. 521 ; Multan, x. 8 ; Muzaffar-
garh, x. 57 ; Muzaffarnagar, x. 72 ;
Mysore State, x. 90, 91, District, x.
119; from the Eastern and Western
Nara, x. 200, 201 ; in Nasik, x. 232 ;
Nellore, x. 267; theN.-W. Provinces,
x. 382, 383 ; Nowgong, x. 411 ; Oudh,
x. 506 ; from the Palar, x. 541 ;
Partabgarh, xi. 71, 72; Patna, xi. 94,
IOI ; from the Penner, xi. 133, 134 ;
in Peshawar, xi. 154 ; Pilibhit, xi.
175 ; Pishin, xi. 190; the Punjab, xi.
278, 279 ; Rai Bareli, xi. 354 ;
Rajputana, xi. 418 ; Rohri, xii. 64,
65 ; Rohtak, xii. 73 ; Saharanpur, xii.
120 ; Santal Parganas, xii. 233 ; Saran,
xii. 257 ; Satara, xii. 276, 281 ; Shah-
abad (the Son Canals), xii. 325, 326 ;
Shahjahanpur, xii. 349, 350 ; Shahpur,
x ii- 359) 365 ; from the Sharadanadi,
xii. 376 ; the Sharavati, xii. 377 ; in
Shimoga, xii. 403, 404 ; Sholapur,
xii. 415, 416 ; Sialkot, xii. 440, 446,
447 ; Sibi, xii. 455 ; Sind, xii. 520,
521 ; from the Son Canals, xiii. 54-57 ;
Sulekere Lake, xiii. 95 ; Surat, xiii.
127 ; from the Tambraparni, xiii. 170 ;
Tanjore, xiii. 189- 191 ; Tinnevelli,
xiii. 307 ; Tumkur, xiii. 378, 379 ;
from the Tunga, xiii. 383 ; the Tunga-
bhadra, xiii. 383 ; in Unao, xiii. 426,
427, 432 ; Upper Sind Frontier, xiii.
439 ; from the Vaigai, xiii. 460 ; the
Vamadhara, xiii. 462 ; the Varahanadi,
xiii. 464 ; the Vedavati, xiii. 465 ; in
Vizagapatam, xiii. 493 ; from the
Yagachi, xiii. 547 ; in Yelandur, xiii.
552. See also Canals.



Irrikur, village in Madras, vii. 24.
Irulars or Irulas, aboriginal tribe in

North Arcot, i. 315; South Arcot, i.

322; Coimbatore, iv. 17; Mysore, x.

99; Nilgiri Hills, x. 312.
Isakapalli, village in Madras, vii. 24.
Isakhel, town and tahsil in Punjab, vii.

24, 25.
Isanagar, village in Oudh, vii. 25.
Isarda, town in Rajputana, vii. 25.
Isauli, pargand in Oudh, vii. 25.
Isinglass, exported from Nawanagar, x.

252.
Iskardo, town in Kashmir, vii. 26.
Islamabad. See Chittagong.
Islamabad, town in Kashmir State, vii.

26.
Islamabad Bijhauli, village in Oudh, vii.

26, 27.
Islamgarh, fort in Punjab, vii. 27.
Islamkot, town in Bombay, vii. 27.
Islamnagar, town in N.-W. Provinces,

vii. 27.
Islampur, town in Bombay, vii. 27.
Islam Khan, Viceroy of Bengal, removed

the capital from Rajmahal to Dacca

{circa 1 610), iv. 80, 90.
Islands, near Aden, i. 15 ; Agradwip in

the Bhagirathi ; i. 77 ; the Andamans, i.

.281-287 ; Arnala, i. 331 ; inBakarganj,

i. 441 ; Balchari, ii. 11 ; Bassein (Bom-
bay), ii. 191; Beyt, ii. 336; Bilu-Gywom

ii. 459, 460 ; Bombay, iii. 73, 74 ;

Bukkur in the Indus, iii. 130 : Cheduba,

iii- 378, 379 ; Vypin, iv. 11 ; the Cocos,

iv. 13, 14; Dakshin Shahbazpur, iv.

96 ; Dharmapatam, iv. 253 ; Diamond

Island, iv. 284, 285 ; Diu, iv. 305-308 ;

Domel, iv. 313; Double Island, iv.

315 ; Elephanta, iv. 340-344 ; in Farid-

pur,^ iv. 395 ; Foul Island, iv. 450 ;

Patapatteshim in the Godavari, v. 123 ;

Haing-gyi, v. 290 ; Hatia, v. 355, 356 ;

Janjira, vii. 141 ; Ka-le-gauk, vii. 324 ;

Kalibhanj, vii. 326; Kiamari in Karachi

Bay, vii. 452, viii. 215 ; Karanja, vii.

466, 467 ; Karumbhar, viii. 50, 51 ;

Kolaba, viii. 262 ; Kutabdia, viii. 380 ;

the Laccadives, viii. 392-396; Mahuwa,

ix. 187 ; the Maldives, ix. 248-252 ;

Mandhata, ix. 293-297 ; Mashkal, ix.

351 ; Mergui Archipelago, ix. 412 ;

the Moscos, ix. 520 ; Nalbana, x. 182 ;

Nga-pu-taw, x. 293 ; the Nicobars, x.

294-298 ; in Noakhali, x. 339 ; Parikud,

xi. 63, 64; Perim (2), xi. 137-139;

Pigeon (2), xi. 169 ; Rabnabad, xi. 341 ;

Rameswaram, xi. 442-445 ; Ramri, xi.

463 ; Rojhi, xii. 79 ; Sagar, xii. 109,

no; Salbet, xii. 150; Salsette, xii.

l68-i70;Sandwip,xii. 209-213; Seringa-

patam, xii. 318-320; Shahpuri, xii.

370; Sherpur, xii. 381; Sivasamudram,



164



INDEX.



xiii. 42, 43 ; Sullivan's, xiii. 95 ; at the

mouth of the Taung-gup, xiii. 220;

Tavoy, viii. 235 ; Khanderi, xiii. 247;

Tribeni, xiii. 353 ; Umananda, xiii.

419 ; Vypin, xiii. 504.
Ismail Beg, besieged Sindia in Agra

(1787), but was defeated by De Boigne

(1788), i. 70.
Ismail Khan, son of Malik Sohrab,

first of the Hot dynasty, and founder

of Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 221.
Ishmail Shah, second king of Bijapur

(1510-34), ii. 424.
Istalif, town in Afghanistan, i. 33, 34.
Jstimrdri, a land tenure. See Tenures.
Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, famous

modern Hindu social reformer, article

' India,' vi. 353.
Ita, hills in Assam, vii. 27.
Italy, India's trade with, article ' India,'

vi. 578, 579-
Itarsi, town in Central Provinces, vn.

27.
Itawa, estate in Central Provinces, vii. 28.
Itinerary Jesuit missionaries in the 15th

and 1 6th centuries, their labours and

conversions, article ' India,' vi. 250,

251.
Itkuri, coal-field in Bengal, vii. 28.
Itra Gadhala, State in Bombay, vii. 28.
Ittamukkala, town in Madras, vii. 28.
Itwad, State in Bombay, vii. 28, 29.
Iviker, town in Madras, vii. 29.
Ivory, Carving in, and manufacture of

ivory-inlaid articles, article ' India,' vi.

609. Local notices — Alahyar-jo-Tando,

i. 161 ; Assam, i. 367 ; Bikaner, ii. 439 ;

Lower Burma, iii. 198 ; Cochin, iv. 7 ;

Hoshiarpur, v. 456, 458; Jambusar,

vii. 122; Kathiawar, viii. 96; Vizaga-

patam, ix. 54; Mandalay, ix. 290;

Mangrol, ix. 316; Murshidabad, x.

39 ; Poona, xi. 213 ; Rangpur, xi. 498 ;

Sahiwal, xii. 137; Sylhet, xiii. 157;

Vizagapatam, xiii. 494, 498.



Jabalpur, Division in Central Provinces,

vii. 29.
Jabalpur, District in Central Provinces,

vii. 29-36 ; physical aspects, 30, 31 ;

history, 31, 32; population, 32, 33;

division into town and country, 33 ;

agriculture, 33, 34 ; national calamities,

34 ; commerce and manufactures, 34,

35 ; administration, 35, 36 ; medical
aspects, 36.

Jabalpur, tahsil in Central Provinces, vii.

36, 37-

Jabalpur, town in Central Provinces, vn.

37, 38.



Jabria Bhil, estate in Central India,

vii. 38.
Jabuah. See Jhabua.
Jackal, The Indian, article ' India,' vi.

654-

Jackson, Lowis D'A., Hydraulic
Manual, quoted, article ' India,' vi.
17 (footnote).

Jacob, Capt. Le Grand, quoted,^ on the
plague of rats in Kathiawar, viii. 97.

Jacob, Gen. John, founded Jacobabad
(1847), where he died (1858), vii. 38,
39 ; his treaty of Khelat (1854), "• 3 1 *
32 ; quoted on the Baluchi tribes on
the Upper Sind Frontier, and his sup-
pression of them, xiii. 441-445.

Jacobabad, town and taluk in Sind, vii.

38, 39-
Jacobi, Hermann, The Jaina Sutras,

forming vol. xii. of Max Midler's

'Sacred Books of the East,' quoted,

article 'India,' vi. 161 (footnotes 4

and 5); 167 (footnote 1).
Jacobite branch of the Syrian Church in

India, article ' India,' vi. 242, 243 ;

257. Local notices — Cochin, iv. 4, 1 1 ;

Travancore, xiii. 348.
Jacquemont, M. Victor, quoted, on

Amber, i. 228 ; Dignagar, iv. 287 ;

Kedar Kanta, viii. 109 ; Panna, xi.

49 ; his last labours at Salsette, xii.

169.
Jade (ya), found in Upper Burma, iii.

211.

Jadon Rao Lakhji, grandfather of Sivaji,
iv. 230.

Jaenicke, missionary in Tinnevelli (1792-
1800), ix. 25, xiii. 304.

Jafarabad, State in Bombay, vii. 39.

Jafarabad, town in Kathiawar, vii. 39.

Jafarganj, village in Bengal, vii. 39.

Jafar Khan, a Rajput renegade, founded
the Muhammadan dynasty of Ahmad -
abad (1403), iii. 36.

Jaflang, village in Assam, vii. 39.

Jagadhri, town and tahsil in Punjab, vii.
40.

Jagalur, village in Mysore, vii. 41.

Jagan, town in Bombay, vii. 41.

Jagannath, Worship of, article ' India,'
vi. 223 - 226 ; his Brahmanical and
Buddhist origin, 224 ; the Car festival,
225 ; English calumnies against Jagan-
nath, self-immolation seldom practised,
224, 225 ; his bloodless worship and
gentle doctrines, 225, 226. See also
Orissa, x. 437-458 ; history of the
religion, 437 - 439 ; Vishnuism, 439-

441 ; legend of the temple at Puri, 441,

442 ; Kabir, 442, 443 ; Chaitanya,
443, 444 ; Vallabha-Swami, 444, 445 ;
the wealth of Jagannath, 445, 446 -, the
temple at Puri, 447, 448 j festivals,



INDEX.



165



448 ; the Car festival, 448, 449 ; pil-
grims to Jagannath, 450-455 ; mortality
among the pilgrims, 455"457 '■> pilgrim
hospitals, 458; and Puri, xi. 311-320.

Jagat Seth, wealthy Hindu banker, built
temple at Bhagalpur, ii. 352 ; his im-
portance at Murshidabad, x. 23.

Jagat Singh, Rana of Mewar (1716-52),
paid chanth to the Marathas, and went
to war with Todhpur, xiii. 405, 406.

Jagatsinghpw, village in Bengal, vii. 41.

Jagdalpur, town in Central Provinces,
vii. 41.

Jagdispur, town in Bengal, vii. 41.

Jagdispur, pargand in Oudh, vii. 41, 42.

Jagdispur-Nihalgarh, town in Oudh, vii.

42.

Jaggayyapet, town in Madras, vn. 42. ^

Jagir, historic name for tract in S. India,
granted by the Nawab of Arcot to the

, East India Company (1760), vii. 42. _

jagraon, town and tahsil in Punjab, vii.
42, 43-

Jagra Singh, Sikh chief of the Ranghana
confederacy, established a Principality
of the Ravi (1783), v. 208.

Jahalu. See Jhalu.

Jahanabad, town and Sub-division in
Bengal, vii. 43, 44.

Jahanabad, town and Sub-division in
Bengal, vii. 44.

Jahanabad, town in N.-W. Provinces,
vii. 44.

Jahandar Shah, son of the Emperor
Bahadur Shah, defeated his brother
Azim-us-Shah, and became Emperor
(1712), v. 257.

Jahangir, fourth Mughal Emperor of
India (1605-27), article 'India,' vi.
300-302 ; chief events of his reign, 300
(footnote 2); rebellion of his son Shah
Jahan, 301 ; his Empress Nur Jahan,
301 ; personal character, justice and
religious toleration, 301, 302. Local
notices — Received Sir T. Roe at Aj mere,
i. 21 ; his buildings at Agra before
161 8, i. 69; ruled, before becoming
Emperor, at Allahabad, where he re-
erected Asoka's column, i. 186, 187 ;
built palace at Gwalior, v. 236 ; incited
Bir Singh of Orchha to murder Abul
Fazl, vii. 217; put down rebellions
in Kangra, vii. 415 ; built palace and
pearl mosque at Lahore, viii. 415 ; his
mausoleum at Shahdara, viii. 415, 416,
xii. 341 ; completed Akbar's tomb at
Sikandra, xii. 481 ; laid out the Shali-
mar Bagh at Srinagar, xiii. 77; defeated

, by Rana Umra of Mewar, who after-
wards submitted, xiii. 405, 406.

Jahangirabad, town in N.-W. Provinces,
vii. 44.

Jahangirabad, town in Oudh, vii. 45.



Jahazgarh, fortress in Punjab, vii. 45.
Jahazpur, town in Rajputana, vii. 45.
Jahnavi, river in N.-W. Provinces, vii.

45-

Jai Chanel, Raja of Kanauj, peopled the
country south of the Kali Nadi, iv.
410; killed in battle with Kutab-ud-
din, v. 63.

Taigarh, port in Bombay, vii. 45, 46.

Jail statistics, article 'India,' vi. 472;
vital statistics of Indian prisons, 684,
685. See also under administrative
section of each District article.

Jails, Central or important, at Agra, i.
66; Alipur, i. 180; Allahabad, i. 193,
199 ; Bahawalpur, i. 422 ; Bangalore,
ii. 64, 65 ; Bareilly, ii. 144 ; Benares,
ii. 260, 261 ; Lahore, viii. 412 ; Kul-
barga, viii. 333 ; Multan, x. 9 ; Nagpur,
x. 174; Rajamahendri, xi. 3S2 ; Ran-
goon, xi. 484; Rassa (female), xi. 515;
Sagar, xii. 109 ; Sialkot (military), xii.
452 ; Vellore, xiii. 467.

Jainagar, town in Bengal, vii. 46.

Jains, the modern representatives of
Buddhism in India, article 'India,' vi.
158; Jain population in India, 158
(footnote) ; Jain doctrines, 159 ; temple
cities, 159 ; relation of Jainism to Bud-
dhism, 159, 160; antiquity of the Jains,
160; date of the Jain scriptures, 161 ;
the Jains, an independent sect, 162 ;
modern Jainism, 162. Local notices —
Jains particularly numerous or note-
worthy, at Aden, i. 17 ; Ahmadabad, i.
95; North Arcot, i. 314; Assam, i.
359) 3 DO ; Bagpat, i- 4 J 9 '■> Baroda, ii.
159; Beria, ii. 326; Bombay Presi-
dency, iii. 35, 52 ; Bombay city, iii. 80,
81 ; Broach, iii. 103, 104, III; Central
India, iii. 295 ; Central Provinces, iii.
317; Chaprauli, iii. 317; Champanagar,
iii. 233 '■> Cutch, iv. 60 ; Damoh, iv.
109 ; their meetings at Kundalpur, iv.
112; Deulgaon Raja, iv. 230; Berar,
v. 267 ; Harpanahalli, v. 342 ; Hassan,
v. 347 ; Hazaribagh, v. 374 ; Humcha,
v. 501, 502; South Kanara, vii. 379;
Madras, ix. 22 ; Mainpuri, ix. 206 ;
Meerut, ix. 386 ; Murshidabad, x. 25 ;
Muzaffarnagar, x. 71 ; Mysore, x. 100;
Palanpur Agency, x. 537; Palitana,
xi. 3, 4; Anhilwara Patan, xi. 82;
Rajputana, xi. 408, 410 ; Rampur
(N.-W. P.), xi. 460; Rangpur, xi.
494 ; Ranipur, xi. 509 ; Rohtak, xii.
72; Sagar, xii. 104, 105; Sarsaganj,
xii. 271; Satara, xii. 280; Shravan-
belgola, xii. 415; Sialkot, xii. 452;
Sibsagar, xii. 464; Sirohi, xiii. 4;
Sultanpur, xiii. 106; Surat, xiii. 124;
Udaipur, xiii. 402. See also Architec-
ture, Jain, and Temples, Jain.



i66



INDEX.



Jaintia, tract in Assam, vii. 46, 47 ;

Jaintia Hills, Sub-division in Assam,
yii. 47-49.

Jaintiapur, village in Assam, vii. 49, 50.

Jaipal, Hindu Raja of Lahore, his defeats
by Sabuktigin and Mahmud of Ghazni,
article ' India,' vi. 272, xi. 148, 261.

Jaipur, Native State in Rajputana, vii.
50-59 ; physical aspects, 50-52 ; agri-
culture, 52 ; population, 52, 53 ; com-
merce, etc., 53, 54; communications,
54, 55 ; history, 55-58 ; administration,
58 ; climate, 58, 59.

Jaipur city, capital of State in Rajputana,
vii. 59-61.

Jaipur, town in Assam, vii. 61.

Jaipur, estate in Madras, vii. 61-64.

Jaipur, town in Madras, vii. 64, 65.

Jaipurite or syepoorite, found in Raj-
putana, xi. 401.

Jais, town and pai-gand in Oudh, vii. 65.

Jaisalmer, State in Rajputana, vii. 65-70 ;
physical aspects, 66 ; climate, 66, 67 ;
history, 67, 68 ; agriculture, 68, 69 ;
population, 69 ; trade, 69 ; administra-
tion, 69, 70.

Jaisalmer city, capital of State in Raj-
putana, vii. 70.

Jai Singh, Raja of Jaipur, his astronomical
observatories at Jaipur, Delhi, Benares,
Muttra, and Ujjain in the 1 8th century,
article 'India,' vi. 105, 106. Local
notices — His observatory at Benares, ii.
265 ; completed the palace of Amber,
i. 228 ; his reign, vii. 56 ; founded
Jaipur (1728), vii. 59; observatory at
Ujjain, xiii. 418.

Jaisinghnagar, village in Central Pro-
vinces, vii. 70, 71.

Jaitak, hill fort in Punjab, vii. 71.

Jaitapur, port in Bombay, vii. 71.

Jaitpur, historic town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, vii. 71, 72.

Jajamau, town in Oudh, vii. 72.

Jajhoti, historic name of Bundelkhand,
vii. 72.

Jajis, an important, semi - independent
tribe in the Kuram valley, viii. 368.

Jajmau, town and tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, vii. 72, 73.

Jajpur, town and Sub-division in Bengal,
vii. 73.

Jajpur, town in Central India, vii. 73.

Jakanachari, architect and sculptor, his
carvings at Belur, ii. 252 ; born at
Kaidala, legend about, vii. 295 ; his
carvings at Somnathpur, xiii. 51.

Jakhan, State in Kathiawar, vii. 74.

Jakhau, port in Bombay, vii. 74.

Jakkatala. See Wellington.
Jako, mountain peak in Punjab, vii. 74.
Jakranis, Baluchi tribe on the Upper Sind
Frontier, xiii. 440, 443.



Jalalabad, district in Afghanistan, vii.
74-76 ; agriculture, 75 ; administration,

Jalalabad, town in Afghanistan, vii. 76,

77;

Jalalabad, town in Oudh, vii. 77.
Jalalabad, town in Muzaffarnagar District,

N.-W. Provinces, vii. 77.
Jalalabad, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, vii.

77, 7,8.
Jalalabad, town in Shahjahanpur District,

N.-W. Provinces, vii. 78, 79.
Jalali, town in N.-W. Provinces, vii. 79.
Jalalkhera, town in Central Provinces,

vii. 79-
Jalalpur, Sub-division in Bombay, vii.

79, 80.
Jalalpur, town and tahsil in Punjab, vii.

80.
Jalalpur, village in Punjab, vii. 80, 81.
Jalalpur, historic town in Punjab, vii. 81.
Jalalpur-Dehi, town in Oudh, vii. 8l.
Jalalpur-Nahvi, town in Oudh, vii. 81,

82.
Jalal-ud-din, the first king of the Khilji

dynasty (1290-95), article 'India,'

vi. 280. Local notices — Founded

new dynasty at Delhi, iv. 191, 192 ;

his unsuccessful siege of Ranthambor

(1291), xi. 511.
Jalandhar, Division in Punjab, vii. 82,

Jalandhar, District in Punjab, vii. 83-90 ;
physical aspects, 83 - 85 ; history,
85, 86 ; population, 86, 87 ; agri-
culture, 87-89 ; commerce and trade,
89 ; administration, 89, 90 ; medical
aspects, 90.

Jalandhar, tahsil in Punjab, vii. 90, 91.

Jalandhar, town in Punjab, vii. 91, 92.

Jalangi, river in Bengal, vii. 92, 93.

Jalarapetta. See Jollarpet.

Jalaun, District in N.-W. Provinces, vii.
93-102 ; physical aspects, 93, 94 ; his-
tory, 94-96 ; people, 96-98 ; agricul-
ture, 98, 99 ; natural calamities, 99,
100 ; commerce and trade, 100 ; ad-
ministration, 100, 101 ; medical as-
pects, 102.

Jalaun, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, vii.
102.

Jalaun, town in N.-W. Provinces, vii.
102, 103.

Jaldhaka, river of Bengal, vii. 103.

Jalesar, town and tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, vii. 103.

Jaleswar, town in Bengal, vii. 104.

Jalgaon, town in Bombay, vii. 104.

Jalgaon, village in Central Provinces,
vii. 104, 105.

Jalgaon, taluk in Berar, vii. 105.

Jalgaon, pargand in Central India, vii.
105.



INDEX.



167



Jalgaon - Jambod, town in Berar, vii.
105, 106.

Jalgars, gold - washers in Dhdrwar, iv.
258. ,

Jalia Amraji, State in Kathiawar, vii.
106.

Jalia Dewani, State in Bombay, vii. 106.

Jalia Manaji, State in Kathiawar, vii. 106.

Jaliyas, caste of fishermen, especially
numerous in Bengal, ii. 296 ; Dinajpur,
iv. 292; Goalpara, v. 115.

Jalna, town in the Deccan, vii. 106, 107.

Jaloka, son of Asoka, said to have a
temple, now a mosque, at Srinagar,
xiii. 76.

Jalor, town in Rajputana, vii. 107.

Jalori, mountain range in Punjab, vii.
107.

Jalpaiguri, District in Bengal, vii. 107
117; physical aspects, 107-109; his-
tory, 109-111; population, 111-113;
agriculture, 113, 114; tea, 114, 115;
manufactures, etc., 115, 116; admini-
stration, 116, 117; medical aspects,

"7-

Jalpaiguri, Sub-division in Bengal, vii.

"7-

Jalpaiguri, town in Bengal, vii. 117, 118.
Jalpesh, town in Bengal, vii. 1 1 8.
Jamalabad, town in Madras, vii. 118.
Jamalavaya Durga, hill in Madras, vii.

118.
Jamalis, Baluchi tribe in Larkhana, viii.

463 ; Uppef Sind Frontier, xiii. 440,

443-
Jamalpur, Sub-division in Bengal, vii.

318, 319.
Jamalpur, town in Bengal, vii. 119.
Jama Masjid, Shah Jahan's great mosque

at Delhi, article ' India,' vi. 304. See

also Mosques.
Jambu, river in Bengal, vii. 119.
Jambughora, village in Bombay, vii. 120.
Jambukeswaram, historic temple in

Madras, vii. 120, 121.
Jambulghata, town in Central Provinces,

vii. 121.
Jambur, village in Coorg, vii. 121.
Jambusar, Sub-division in Bombay, vii.

121, 122.
Jambusar, town in Bombay, vii. 122,

, I2 3-
Jambva, river in Bombay, vn. 123.
James, Commodore, took Bankot, the

resort of the Angria pirates U755)>

iv. 449.
James, Colonel, suggested St. Thomas'

Mount as head-quarters of the Madras

artillery (1774), xii. 144.
James and Mary Sands, in the Hugh

river, v. 123-126. See also Hugh

river.
Jami, town in Madras, vii. 126.



Jamira, tidal estuary of the Ganges, vii.
126.

Tam-jo-Tando, town in Sind, vii. 127.

Jamkhandi, State in Bombay, vii. 127.

Jamkhandi, town in Bombay, vii. 127.

Jamkhher, Sub-division in Bombay, vii.
127, 128.

Jamki, town in Punjab, vii. 128.

Jamli, village in Central India, vii. 128.

Jammalamadugu, town and tdhik in
Madras, vii. 128, 129.

Jammu, Province and town in Kashmir,
vii. 129, 130.

Jamna. See Jumna.

Jamnagar. See Nawanagar.

Jamner, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, vii. 130, 131.

Jamni, river in Central India, vii. 131.

Jamnia, chiefship in Central India, vii.
131, 132.

Jamnotri, hot springs in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, vii. 132.

Jamod, town in Berar, vii. 132.



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