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Lally, Defeat of, at Wandewa^h by
Coote (1761), article 'India,' vi. 379,
380 ; siege and surrender of Pondicherri
and Gingi, vi. 380. Local notices —
Took Arcot (1758), i. 310 ; defeated at
Ami, i. 352 ; sent against Bellary, ii.
242 ; neglected to take Chengalpat
(1759), iii. 390; took Fort St. David
(1758), iv. 162; his surrender of Pon-
dicherri (1761), iv. 452 ; recalled Bussy
from the Northern Circars, v. 3 ; in
Madras, ix. 13 ; his siege of Madras,
ix. 103 ; fought battle of St. Thomas'
Mount (1759), xii. 143, 144; attacked
Tanjore (1750), xiii. 194; his defeat at
Wandewash, xiii. 518.

Lalmai Hills, range in Bengal, viii. 458.

Lai Singh, Sikh leader, tried to prevent
cession of Kashmir to Ghulab Singh,
xi. 265.

Lalsot, town in Rajputana, viii. 459.

Lalungs, aboriginal tribe in Assam, i.
351 ; Kamrup, vii. 355, 359 ; Lakhim-
pur, viii. 431 ; Nowgong, x. 409.



LamMiadis or Lumbadis, pack bullock
drivers in North Arcot, i. 315 ; Coim-
batore, iv. 15; Dharwar, iv. 260;
Madras, ix. 21.

Lambia, mountain pass in Punjab, viii.

459-

Land, cultivated and uncultivated. See
the Agricultural section of each
District article.

Land Law, The, of Bengal, ii. 2S0.

Landmaking powers of deltaic rivers,
article 'India,' vi. 22-25, 2 7- $ ee
Alluvion and Diluvion.

Land - reclamation, Balaghat, i. 456 ;
Bogra, iii. 29 ; Bombay, iii. 78 ; Goa,
v. 109 ; Katipara, viii. 99 ; Khandesh,
viii. 156, 157; Khulna, viii. 207, 20S ;
Kolaba, viii. 267, 268 ; Muzaffarnagar,
x. 68 ; Panch Mahals, xi. 32 ; Ranga-
mati, xi. 470; Sagar Island, xii. no;
Singhbhum, xii. 437 ; the Sundarbans,
xiii. 108, no, III ; Thana, xiii. 254;
Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 389.

Land revenue of India under the Mughals,
article ' India,' vi. 297-299 ; 304 ; land
revenue of British India, 452. See
also the Administrative section of each
District article ; and for systems of
land revenue, Assam, i. 363, 364;
Bengal, ii. 306-308 ; Bombay, iii. 56,
57 ; Madras, ix. 45-51 ; Oudh, x. 502-
506.

Land settlement, article ' India,' vi. 43S-
452 ; ancient land settlement of India,

438 ; Musalman land-tax, 439 ; the
Company's efforts at land settlement,

439 ; growth of private rights, 439 ;
the Permanent Settlement of Bengal,
(1793), 441 ; rights of the cultivators
and intermediate tenure-holders, 442,
443 ; oppression of the cultivators, 443 ;
land reform of 1859, 443, 444 ; the
Rent Commission (1879), and further
schemes for reform, 444, 445 ; tem-
porary .Settlement in Orissa, 445 ;
yearly Settlement in Assam, 445 ;
Madras rayatzudri Settlement, 445-447 ;
' survey ' tenure of Bombay, 448, 449 ;
Southern India Agriculturists' Relief
Acts (1879 and 1881), 449, 450; land
system of the N.-W. Provinces and the
Punjab, 451 ; tdlukddrs of Oudh, 451 ;
land system of the Central Province-,
452 ; the land revenue of India, 452 ;
nature of the land-tax, 469. See abo
Permanent Settlement.

Land tenures. See Tenures.

Landaur, hill station and cantonment in

N. -W. Provinces, viii. 459.
Landaura, town in N. - W. Provinces,

viii. 459.
Landi Khana, pass in Afghanistan, viii.

459, 460.



192



INDEX.



Lang, Colonel, defended Kanir (1783),
viii. 52.

Langai, river in Assam, viii. 460.

Langhorn, Sir \V., Governor of Madras
(1670-78), ix. 66.

Langles, M., on the palace of Haidar-
abad, quoted, v. 253.

Langrin, petty State in Assam, viii. 460.

Langtarai, hill range in Bengal, viii.
460.

Languages (Aryan) of N. India, Sanskrit,
vi. 334 ; the evidence for and against
Sanskrit ever having been a spoken
language, 334-336 ; divergence of San-
skrit and Prakrit, 336 ; spread of the
Prakrits, 336, 337 ; classification of
Prakrits — the Maharashtri or Marathi,
the Sauraseni or Braj of the N.-W.
Provinces, the Magadhi or modern
Bihari, and the Paisachi or non-Aryan
dialects, 337 ; evolution of modern
vernaculars from the Prakrits, 338, 339 ;
the Sanskrit, Prakrit, and non-Aryan
elements in modern vernaculars, 339-
342 ; the seven modern vernaculars,
342, 343 ; vernacular literature and
writers, 343"354-

Languages of non- Aryan tribes, vi. 63-
68 ; the Dravidian languages of S.
India; Tamil, its principal develop-
ments, 330-333- .

Languages spoken in Afghanistan, i. 44 ;
the Andaman Islands, i. 285 ; Arakan
Hill Tracts, i. 299 - 301 ; by the
Baluchis and Brahuis, ii. 37, 38 ; iii.
98 ; in Bhandara, ii. 362 ; Bhutan, ii.
413, 414; Bombay Presidency, iii. 49,
50 ; the Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii.
449 ; Coorg, iv. 35 ; Dharwar, iv.
260 ; Haidarabad State, v. 246 ; South
Kanara, vii. 382, 383 ; of the Karens,
viii. 4; in Kashmir, viii. 71; Khandesh,
viii. 155 ; by the Khasis, viii. 175 ; in
the Laccadive Islands, viii. 395, 396 ;
Madras, ix. 18, 19 ; the Maldive
Islands, ix. 249, 252 ; Manipur, ix.
330 ; Multan, x. 7 ; Mysore, x. 100 ;
the Nicobar Islands, x. 296 ; by the
Todas, x. 310; in Sind, xii. 518;
Thar and Parkar, xiii. 267 ; Tuluva,

xiii. 375-
Languliya, river in Central Provinces,

viii. 460, 461.
Langur, hill fort in N.-W. Provinces,

viii. 461.
Lanji, town in Central Provinces, viii.

461.
Lao-bah, mountain range in Assam, viii.

4 61 '
Lao-ber-sat, mountain range in Assam,

viii. 461.

Laosyn-nia, mountain range in Assam,
viii. 461.



Lapha, estate in Central Provinces, viii. 46 1.

Laphagarh, hill fortress in Central Pro-
vinces, viii. 461.

Lapis-lazuli, found in Badakshan, i. 407.

Larawar, pargand in Central India, viii.
461, 462.

Larkhana, Sub - division in Sind, viii.
462-465 ; population, 463 ; agriculture,
463, 464 ; tenures, 464 ; natural calam-
ities, 464; manufactures, etc., 464;
revenues, 464, 465.

Larkhana, town and taluk in Sind, viii.

4 6 5-

Larminie's,Captain, description of Ghazni
in 1880, quoted, v. 72.

Lash, town in Afghanistan, i. 36.

Lashkarpur, village in Assam, viii. 465,
466.

Lassen's Indische Alterthumskunde,
quoted, article ' India,' vi. 161 (foot-
note 1); 191 (footnote 2); 340 (foot-
note 1). Local notices — Worked out
the chronology of the Gupta kings, iv.
410; his explanation of the affix 'bar' in
Malabar, ix. 217 ; fixed site of Sravasti
near ruins of Sahet Mahet, xii. 126.

Laswari, village in Rajputana, viii. 466 ;
defeat of Marathas at, article ' India,'
vi. 323; 398.

Latchmaji, author of a Kandh grammar,
vii. 401.

Laterite, article ' India,' vi. 628 ; 638,
639. Local notices — South Arcot, i.
326, 327 ; Balasor, ii. 2 ; Bankura, ii.
79 ; Bardwan, ii. 127 ; Bassein, ii.
193 ; Belgaum, ii. 231 ; Lower Burma,
iii. 201 ; Chengalpat, iii. 381 ; Cochin,
iv. 2, 7 ; Coorg, iv. 32 ; Dapoli, iv.
121 ; Dawna Hills, iv. 163 ; the
Deccan, iv. 165 ; Dharwar, iv. 258 ;
Galikonda Hills, iv. 461 ; Goa, v. 89 ;
Gyaing-than-lwin, v. 238 ; Hantha-
wadi, v. 312; Janjira, vii. 139; lash-
pur, vii. 145 ; Kaladgi, vii. 315 ; North
Kanara, vii. 369 ; South Kanara, vii.
375 ; the Konkan, viii. 291 ; Madura,
ix. 191; Western Malwa, ix. 268;
Mandla, ix. 300 ; Marmagao, ix. 347,
348; Mysore State, x. 91, 92, Dis-
trict, x. 114 ; Nagpur, x. 165 ; Nellore,
x. 261; Ratnagiri, xii. 12; Satara,
xii. 276 ; Satpura Range, xii. 288 ;
Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Seoni, xii. 308 ;
Shimoga, xii. 400 ; Shwe-gyin, xii.
430; Sirsi, xiii. 21 ; Taleparamba,
xiii. 167 ; Tanjore, xiii. 181 ; Trichi-
nopoli, xiii. 355.

Lathi, Native State and town in Kathia-
war, viii. 466, 467.

Lathia, village in N.-W. Provinces, viii.
467.

La Touche, Captain, killed in attack on
the Vagher outlaws (1S67), viii. 533.



INDEX.



i93



Latter, Major, occupied the Morang I
(1814), and made treaty with the Raja
of Sikkim against the Gurkhas, xii.

Laun, tract in Central Provinces, vm.

467-

Laur, tract in Assam, viii. 467, 468.

Law and Ctistom of Hindu Castes, by
Mr. Arthur Steele, quoted, vi. 195
(footnote 2).

Law, Brahmanical codes of, vi. 1 1 3- 1 18 ;
the Grihya Sutras, an outgrowth from
the Vedas, 113 ; code of Manu and iis
date, 113, 114; code of Vajnavalkya,
114, 115; scope of Hindu law, 115;
its rigid caste system, 115, 116 ; growth
of the law, 116; its incorporation of
local customs, 117; perils of modern
codification, 117, 118; modern legal
literature, 118.

Law, The, of British India, vi. 433,

434-

Law, M., joined by Samru (1757). and
defeated with Shah Alam at Gaya by
Carnac (1760), xii. 264.

Lawa, town in Punjab, viii. 464.

Lawa, Native State in Rajputana, viii.
468.

La war, town in N.-W. Provinces, viii.
468.

Lawrence Schools for children and
orphans of British soldiers on Mount
Abu, i. 7 ; Lovedale on the Nilgiri
Hills, viii. 490, x. 322 ; Murree, x.
19, xii. 34; Sanawar, near Kasauli,
xii. 194, 495 ; Utakamand, xiii. 453.

Lawrence, Lord, Viceroy of India (1864-
69) ; famine in Orissa ; Bhutan war ;
inquiry into the status of the Oudh
peasantry ; the commercial crisis of
1866, article 'India,' vi. 424, 425.
Local notices — His interview with Dost
Muhammad (1857), i. 51 ; statue of,
at Calcutta, iii. 250 ; first Lieutenant-
Governor of the Punjab (1859), xi. 270.

Lawrence, Major, his ineffectual siege of
Pondicherri in co-operation with the
English fleet under Boscawen (1748),
article ' India,' vi. 379. Local notices
— Took Devikota (1749), iv. 234 ;
defended Madras (1758), ix. 107 ; took
Settipa Hadai (1752), xii. 321; twice
relieved Trichinopoli, xiii. 356 ; de-
feated the French at Golden Rock,
xiii. 357; attacked Wandiwash (1752),
xiii. 517.

Lawrence, Sir George, British agent at
Peshawar, was delivered up to the
Sikhs on the outbreak of the second
Sikh war, viii. 244.

Lawrence, Sir Henry, Resident at Lahore
(1845), article 'India,' vi. 410; Chief
Commissioner of Oudh, 415 ; killed at
VOL. XIV.



Lucknow (1857), 420. L.ocal notices —
In charge of Firozpur (1839), iv. 441 ;
rebuilt town of Firozpur, iv. 447 ; his
discription of Sikh misrule in Kaithal,
quoted, viii. 21 ; his defence of Luck-
now Residency and death, viii. 512.

513. *• 495- , . . f

Lawrence, Sir Thomas, his portrait of
Sir William Burroughs in the High
Court, Calcutta, iii. 251.

Lawtie, Lieutenant, got guns to bear on
Taragarh fort (1814), when Gurkhas
evacuated it, xiii. 206.

Layada, hill range in Bengal, viii. 468.

Layard, Captain, quoted, on Rangamati,
xi. 469, 470.

Lead, article ' India,' vi. 626.^ Local
notices — Found in Afghanistan, i. 36,
37 ; Taragarh Hill in Ajmere-Mer-
wara, i. 118; Alwar, i. 203; Anan-
tapur, i. 274 ; Badakshan, i. 407 ;
Badvel, i. 412 ; Nal in Baluchistan, ii.
36 ; Bellary, ii. 241 ; Lower Burma,
iii. 201, 202; Upper Burma, iii. 211 ;
Cuddapah, iv. 48 ; Dera Ghazi Khan,
iv. 209 ; Garhwal, v. 22 ; the Hima-
laya Mountains, v. 412 ; Jehlam, vii.
167; Kangra, vii. 412, 413; Karnul,
viii. 34 ; Kashmir (sulphide of lead),
viii. 67 ; Kulu, viii. 337 ; Kumaun,
viii. 349 ; Lakhi Mountains, viii. 424 ;
Mergui, ix. 410 ; Nallamalai Hills,
x. 185 ; Nandikanama, x. 193 ; Nani-
kot, x. 226 ; on the Pakchan river, x.
531 ; near Subathu in Patiala, xi. 87 ;
Rajputana, xi. 401 ; Salwin Hill Tracts,
xii. 175; Shahpur, xii. 361; Shwe-
gyin, xii. 430 ; Sirmur, xii. 554 ;
Tavoy, xiii. 228 ; Udaipur, xiii. 401.

Leaf-wearing tribe of Orissa, vi. 56. See
Juangs.

Leather work, article ' India,' vi. 603 ;
leather factories at Cawnpur, vi. 417.
Local notices of tanneries, manufacture
of leather goods, shoes, saddles, etc. —
Agra, i. 76 ; Ahmadabad, i. 96 ;
Anupshahr, i. 295 ; Batala, ii. 216 ;
Bengal, ii. 308 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ;
Biria, iii. 12; Bisambha, iii. 15;
Bombay, iii. 81 ; Cawnpur, iii. 292,
x. 395, 396 ; Chakwal, iii. 327 ; Dod-
deri, iv. 311; Fatehpur (whips), iv.
431; Gujrat, v. 197; Berar, v. 270;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 282; Hoshiar-
pur, v. 456, 458 ; Hunsiir, v. 502, x.
120 ; Jabalpur, vii. 35 ; Jambusar, vii.
122; Jerruck, vii. 182; Jhang, vii.
211; Jodhpur, vii. 239; Kalanaur,
vii. 322, xii. 75 ; Kapadwanj, vii.
439 ; Karnal, viii. 29 ; Kashmor,
viii. 79 ; Kasur, viii. 85 ; Khair-
pur, viii. 135; Khanpur, viii. 164;
Kundla, viii. 364 ; Larkhana, viii.
N



194



INDEX.



464, 465 ; Maghiana, ix. 140 ; Manj-
hand, ix. 335 ; Mirpur, ix. 450 ;
Mitha Tiwana, ix. 468 ; Monghyr, ix.
487 ; Mul, ix. 535 ; Multan, x. 13 ;
Mysore, x. 106; Najibabad, x. 179;
Narowal, x. 214; Naushahro, x. 244;
Saharanpur, x. 396, xii. 122; Pil-
khuwa, xi. 180 ; Pind Dadan Khan
(whips), xi. 183 ; Punjab, xi. 287 ;
Purwa, xi. 334 ; Rahatgarh, xi. 346 ;
Raichur, xi. 360; Rajputana, xi. 421 ;
Ramnagar, xi. 452 ; Rania, xi. 502 ;
Ravval Pindi, xii. 32, 38 ; Reoti, xii.
43; Sahibganj, xii. 135; Khawasa in
Seoni, xii. 313 ; Shahdara (N.-W. P.),
xii. 341 ; Sialkot, xii. 448 ; Sind, xii.
526 ; Susiiman, xiii. 139 ; Talagang,
xiii. 162 ; Tando Muhammad Khan,
xiii. 179 ; Thar and Parkar, xiii. 270 ;
Thatia, xiii. 275 ; Upper Sind Fron-
tier, xiii. 447 ; Wadhwan, xiii. 506 ;
Wankaner, xiii. 519.

Lebong, mountain range in N. -W. Pro-
vinces, viii. 468.

Leckie, Daniel, found a mint existing at
Garha (1790), v. 12.

Leeches, very numerous in Coorg, iv. 37;
Sibsagar, xii. 459; Sikkim, xii. 484.

Left - hand and right - hand castes of
Madras, vi. 196, 197, ix. 21, 127.

Legislative Council of the Governor-
General, vi. 432 ; of Madras, Bombay,
and Bengal, 433.

Le-guya, township in Burma, viii. 468,

4 6 9- . ... r

Leh, town in Punjab, viii. 469.

Lehra, village in Bengal, viii. 469.

Leiah, town and tahsil in Punjab, viii.
469, 470.

Leigh, Capt., Surendra Sa surrendered
to (1858), xii. 181.

Leitner, Dr., on the tribes of the Hindu
Kush, quoted, v. 417, 418.

Le-mro, river in Burma, viii. 470.

Le-myet-hna, town and township in
Burma, viii. 470, 471.

Lengjut, village in Assam, viii. 471.

Leopard, The Indian, article 'India,'
vi. 653, 654. Local notices — Found
in Mount Abu, i. 6 ; in Ahmad-
nagar, i. 100; Ajmere, i. 119; Akola,
i. 141 ; Allahabad, i. 185 ; Amgaon,
i. 231; Anantapur, i. 274; Andipatti
Hills, i. 288; North Arcot, i. 312;
South Arcot, i. 320 ; Assam, i. 349 ;
Bakarganj, i. 442 ; Baluchistan, ii. 36 ;
Banda, ii. 47; Bankura, ii. 78, 79;
Bannu, ii. 90; Basim, ii. 184; Bel-
gaum, ii. 232 ; Bellary, ii. 241 ; Bhan-
dara, ii. 361 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ; Bogra,
iii. 26 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 46 ;
Bonai, iii. 85 ; Buldana, iii. 143 ;
Upper Burma, iii. 212 ; Cawnpur, iii.



280 ; Chamba, iii. 329 ; Chang Bhakar,
iii. 366 ; Chhindwara, iii. 399 ; Chital-
drug, iii. 423 ; Chittagong, iii. 435 ;
Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 448 ;
Cochin, iv. 2; Coimbatore, iv. 15;
Coorg, iv. 32 ; Cuddapah, iv. 48 ;
Cutch, iv. 60; Darjiling, iv. 130;
Dehra Dun, iv. 169 ; Mount Delly, iv.
197 ; Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 220 ;
Dhar, iv. 246 ; Dharwar, iv. 249 ;
Dinajpur, iv. 291 ; Etawah, iv. 370 ;
Fandpur, iv. 397 ; Fatehpur, iv. 423 ;
Gangpur, iv. 478 ; Gaya, v. 45 ;
Godavari, v. 123; Gonda, v. 147;
Goona, v. 159; Gurdaspur, v. 207;
Gurgaon, v. 216 ; Gwalior, v. 229 ;
Hamirpur, v. 298 ; Hardoi, v. 322 ;
Hassan, v. 346 ; Hazaribagh, v. 370 ;
Hill Tipperah, v. 395 ; Himalaya
Mountains, v. 409 ; Hissar, v. 427 ;
Hoshiarpnr, v. 452 ; Indore, vii. 2 ;
Jalpaiguri, vii. 109; Jerruck, vii. 180;
Jhansi, vii. 217 ; Kadur, vii. 283 ;
Kaladgi, vii. 315 ; Kamrup, vii. 355 ;
North Kanara, vii. 370 ; South Kanara,
vn - 377 '■> Kangra, vii. 413 ; Karachi,
vii. 445 ; Karnul, viii. 35, 36 ; Kash-
mir, viii. 68 ; Kathiawar, viii. 96 ;
Khandesh, viii. 150; Kheri, viii. 190;
Kistna, viii. 296 ; Kolaba, viii. 261 ;
Kolar, viii. 273 ; Kotah, viii. 304 ;
Kulu, viii. 338 ; Kumaun, viii. 349 ;
Lahore, viii. 405 ; Lalitpur, viii. 447 ;
Lohardaga, viii. 447 ; Madras, ix. 8,
89 ; Madura, ix. 121 ; Maimansingh,
ix. 192 ; Mainpuri, ix. 203 ; Malabar,
ix. 220 ; Malwa, ix. 268 ; Manbhiim,
ix. 272 ; Manipur, ix. 325 ; Mergui,
ix. 407 ; Midnapur, ix. 425 ; Mirza-
pur, ix. 453 ; Monghyr, ix. 481 ;
Moradabad, ix. 505 ; Muttra, x. 45 ;
Mysore, x. 115; Nadiya, x. 130:
Naga. Hills, x. 143 ; Nallamalai Hills,
x. 185 ; Nasik, x. 229 ; Nawanagar,
x. 252 ; Nellore, x. 262 ; Nepal, x.
278 ; Nilgiri Hills, x. 308 ; Nimar, x.
328 ; Noakhali, x. 341 ; Oudh, x.
483 ; Pabna, x. 512 ; Palkonda Hills,
xi. II ; Palni Mountains, xi. 17;
Patna State, xi. 115; Phuljhar, xi.
168; Pilibhit, xi. 172; Pishin, xi.
188; Polur, xi. 197; Poona, xi. 200;
Punjab, xi. 259 ; Purniah, xi. 323 ;
Raipur, xi. 368 ; Rajshahi, xi. 429 ;
Rampa, xi. 454 ; Rampur, xi. 455 ;
Rangpur, xi. 489 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 4 ;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 22 ; Rewa Kantha,
xii. 49 ; Rohtak, xii. 69 ; Saharanpur,
xii. 115; Salem, xii. 152; Sandur,
xii. 206 ; Santal Parganas, xii. 227 ;
Sarangarh, xii. 260 ; Sawantwari, xii.
296 ; Shahabad, xii. 324 ; Shahjahan-
pur, xii. 344 ; Shahpur, xii. 361 ;



INDEX.



195



Shevaroy Hills, xii. 383; Shimoga,
xii. 400; Singhbhum, xii. 531; Sir-
mur, xii. 554; Sirohi, xiii. 2; Siwalik
Hills, xiii. 43 ; Sorab, xiii. 65 ; the
Sundarbans, xiii. 109, 389 ; Surat,
xiii. 120 ; Tarai, xiii. 208 ; Tavoy,
xiii. 229; Thayet-myo, xiii. 279;
Tipperah, xiii. 313 ; Travancore, xiii.
345 ; Tiimkur, xiii. 376 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 389 ; Wardha, xiii.
524 ; Wun, xiii. 539.

Lepchas, aboriginal tribe, pasture their
cattle in Darjiling, iv. 130 ; the primi-
tive inhabitants of Sikkim, iv. 133,
xii. 485 ; in the Himalayas, v. 412,
413 ; Nepal, x. 279.

Lepers, Asylums for, at Agra, i. 67 ;
Ahmadabad, i. 97 ; Ambala, i. 224 ;
Tarn Taran, near Amritsar, i. 263 ;
Indore, vii. 8 ; Almora, viii. 357 ;
Bangalore, x. 113 ; Nagpur, x. 172;
Ratnagiri, xii. 13 ; Rawal Pindi, xii.
38 ; Pathanwali in Sialkot, xii. 450 ;
Subathu, xiii. 85 ; Tarn Taran, xiii.
215.

Leprosy, especially prevalent in N. Arcot,
i. 319 ; S. Arcot, i. 328 ; Bankura,
ii. 86; Bhagalpur, ii. 351; Birbhum,
iii. 1 1 ; Lower Burma, iii. 208 ;
Cochin, iv. 10 ; Gaya, v. 52 ; Kam-
rup, vii. 365 ; Kheri, viii. 197 ;
Kumaun, viii. 357 ; Laccadive Islands,
viii. 396; Madras, ix. 119; Monghyr,
ix. 489; Nellore, x. 271 ; Nowgong,
x. 415; Ratnagiri, xii. 12; Sibsagar,
xii. 471 ; Simla, xii. 495 ; Sultanpur,
xiii. 103 ; Tarn Taran, xiii. 215 ; Unao,
xiii. 435 ; Vizagapatam, xiii. 497.

Levassoult, M., married the Begam
Samru ( 1792 ), committed suicide
(1795), xii. 265.

Lewin, Capt. T. H., accompanied Chit-
tagong column in Lushai expedition
(1871) as political officer, viii. 531 ;
his Hill Tracts of Chittagong, quoted,
iii. 446, 447 ; on jum cultivation, iii.
450 ; on the Tipperahs, v. 399 ; on
the river Matamori, ix. 360.

Li. See Spiti.

Libraries and Reading-rooms are enume-
rated in each District article. See
especially Ahmadabad, i. 97 ; Ahmad -
nagar, i. 107 ; Aligarh, i. 176, 178 ;
Allahabad, i. 192 ; the Carmichael at
Benares, ii. 267 ; Bombay, iii. 72 ;
Chinsurah, iii. 419 ; Cochin, iv. 7 ;
Coonoor, iv. 28 ; Delhi, iv. 196 ;
Gaya, v. 53; Gonda, v. 156; Hugh,
v. 496; Kaira, vii. 307; Karachi, vii.
454 ; Kolhapur, viii. 284 ; Kuch
Behar, viii. 326; Madras, ix. 118;
Mahabaleshwar, ix. 143 ; Peshawar,
xi. 160 ; Anhilwara Patan, xi. 82 ;



Serampur, xii. 318 ; Tanjore, xiii. 196 ;
Utakamand, xiii. 453 ; Uttarpara, xiii
459; Wari, xiii. 531.
Lidar, river in Punjab, viii. 471.
Liddell, Col., cleared the mutineers out

of Mau (1858), vii. 220.
Light - houses, lightships, and beacons,
at Aden, i. 15 ; Agoada Head, i. 59 ;
Savage Island (Akyab), i. 159, viii.
331 ; Alguada Reef, i. 165, iv. 284 ;
Alleppi, i. 200 ; Double Island (Am-
herst), i. 233 ; Armagon, i. 331 ; Cali-
cut, iii. 269 ; Chantapilli, iii. 369 ;
Cocanada, iii. 472; Cochin, iv. 13;
the Cocos Islands, iv. 13 ; Coringa,
iv. 43 ; Covelong, iv. 44 ; mouth of
the Devi, iv. 233 ; Devjagaon, iv.
234 ; Dhamra, iv. 241 ; Dholera, iv.
271 ; Divi Point, iv. 308 ; Double
Island, iv. 315 ; False Point, iv. 390 ;
Geonkhali, v. 53, 54 ; Gopalpur, v.
161 ; Hajamro, v. 290, vii. 14 ; Jata-
pur, vii. 71 ; Janjira (under construc-
tion), vii. 141 ; Kalingapatam, vii.
330; Manora Head, Karachi, vii.
452, ix. 338; Karumbhar, viii. 51,
xii. 149 ; Deogarh Island, Karwar
Bay, viii. 55 ; Khun, viii. 210; Khan-
dari Island, viii. 269, 270, xiii. 247 ;
Kolaba, viii. 271 ; Kumpta, viii. 360;
Kutabdia, viii. 380; Madras, ix. 113;
legri Bluff, Mahawa, ix. 187 ; Mandvi,
ix. 310 ; Mangalore, ix. 314 ; Mangrol,
ix. 316, 317 ; Masulipatam, ix. 353 ;
Negapatam, x. 259 ; Oyster Reef, x.
510 ; Pambam, xi. 23 ; Perim (Red
Sea), xi. 138 ; Perim (Gulf of Cambay),
xi. 138, 139 ; Pondicherri, xi. 199 ;
Port Canning (lightship), xi. 221 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 13; Rojhi, xii. 79;
Sagar Island, xii. no; the Tapti,
xiii. 205 ; Tellicherri, xiii. 237 ; Hare
Island, Tuticorin, xiii. 385 ; Vengurla
Point, xiii. 470 ; Vengurla Rock, xiii.
470.
Likhi, petty State in Bombay, viii. 471.
Lilajan, river in Bengal, viii. 471.
Lima, Lopez de, Governor-General of
Goa, deposed by a military revolt, v.
106.
Limbus, aboriginal tribe in the Hima-
layas, v. 413 ; Nepal, x. 279 ; Sikkim,
xii. 486.
Lime found, or burnt from shells or lime-
stone, in Amherst (carbonate of), i.
235 ; N. Arcot, i. 312 ; Assam, i.
348; Bankura, ii. 79; Bassein, ii.
194 ; Basti, ii. 209 ; Bikaner, ii. 439 ;
Belgaum, iii. 44 ; Lower Burma, iii.
202 ; Cherra, iii. 392 ; Chitta Pahar,
iii. 452; Darjiling, iv. 138; Darrang,
iv. 142 ; Dungarpur, iv. 322 ; Garo
Hills, v. 26; Gujrat, v. 194; Kan-



196



INDEX.



gundi, vii. 431 ; Karauli, vii. 471 ;
Khasi Hills, viii. 171, 173; Khyrim,
viii. 215; Langrin, viii. 460; Lohar-
daga, viii. 476; Ludhiana, viii. 519;
Madura, ix. 121 ; Mao-iong, ix. 343 ;
Mao-san-ram, ix. 343 ; Monghyr, ix.
481 ; Nepal, x. 278; Pilibhit, xi. 171 ;
Punganur, xi. 243 ; Rohri, xii. 65 ;
Salem, xii. 153 ; Sandoway, xii. 200 ;
Saran, xii. 252 ; Satara, xii. 276 ;
Shahabad, xii. 324 ; Shahjahanpur,
xii. 344; the Sundarbans, xiii. 112;
Talcher, xiii. 164; Thayet-myo, xiii.
278 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 298.
Limestone, article 'India,' vi. 41, 42;
627, 628. Local notices — Found, or
quarried, in Ambala, i. 215 ; Amherst,
i. 232, 235 ; Avcot, i. 308 ; N. Arcot,
i. 312; S. Arcot, i. 327; Assam, i.
347 ; Banda, ii. 47 ; Bangalore, ii. 59 ;
Bassein, ii. 193 ; Bellary, ii. 241 ;
Birbhum, iii. 2 ; Bombay, iii. 44 ;
Broach, iii. 102 ; Bundelkhand, iii.
151 ; Lower Burma, iii. 201, 202 ;
Upper Burma, iii. 211 ; Central India,
iii. 295 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii.
448 ; Chitta Pahar, iii. 453 ; Cudda-
pah, iv. 48 ; Dam-ma-tha, iv. 104,
105 ; Darrang, iv. 142 ; the Deccan,
iv. 165 ; Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 220 ;
Dholpur, iv. 273 ; Gangaon, v. 2 ;
Garhbori, v. 14; Godavari, v. 123;
Gujrat, v. 189 ;\ Gyaing-than-lwin, v.
238 ; Haidarabad State, v. 241, (Sind),
v. 275; Hanthawadi, v. 312; the
Himalayas, v. 411; Hindu Kush, v.
417 ; Hoshangabad, v. 442 ; Hoshiar-
pur, v. 452; Jabalpur, vii. 31, 35;
Jaintia Hills, vii. 49 ; Jaipur, vii. 52 ;
Jalpaiguri, vii. 109 ; the Jamuna
(Assam), vii. 136 ; Jhalawar, vii.
199 ; Kaimur, vii. 298 ; Kaira, vii.
300; Kaladgi, vii. 315 ; Kalahasti,
vii. 321 ; N. Kanara, vii. 369 ; Kan-
gra, vii. 413 ; Karakoram Pass, vii.
461 ; Karanpura, vii. 468 ; Karauli,
vii. 471; Karnul, viii. 34; Kedar
Kanta, viii. 109 ; Khair-Murab, viii.
152; Khairpur, viii. 133; Khandesh,
viii. 151; Khasi Hills, viii. 171, 173;
Khisor Hills, viii. 203 ; Kohat, viii.
242 ; Kumaun, viii. 349 ; Kyauk-pyii,
386 ; Laccadive Islands, viii. 393 ;
Lakhimpur, viii. 427 ; Langrin, viii.
460; Maharam, ix. 166; Mahram,
ix. 185 ; Western Malwa, ix. 269 ;
Mandla, ix. 300 ; Manipur, ix. 324 ;
Mao-don, Mao-iong, and Mao-san-
ram, ix. 343 ; Muttra, x. 43 ; Myaung-
mya, x. 85 ; Mysore, x. 92 ; Naga
Hills, x. 143 ; Nambar, x. 188 ;
Nepal, x. 278; Nicobar Islands, x.
295; Nong-stoin, x. 354; Nong-tar-



men, x. 354; Nowgong, x. 407;
Orissa Tributary States, x. 471 ; Pa-
daung, x. 523 ; Panch Mahals, xi.
29 ; Panimar, xi. 43 ; Porbandar, xi.
215 ; Raipur, xi. 367 ; Rajputana, xi.
397, 402 ; Ramri, xi. 463 ; Rewa, xii.
45 5 Sagar, xii. 101 ; Salem, xii. 153 ;
Salt Range, xii. 171 ; Salwin Hill
Tracts, xii. 174; Sambalpur, xii. 179;
Sameswari river, xii. 184; Sandoway,
xii. 200 ; Shahabad, xii. 324 ; Shikar-
pur, xii. 385 ; Sialkot, xii. 441 ; Sind,
xii. 504 ; Sirmur, xii. 553 ; Sirohi,
xiii. 2 ; Taung-ngu, xiii. 221 ; Thana,
xiii. 251 ; Trichinopoli, xiii. 355 ;
Wi'in, xiii. 538.

Limra, petty State in Kathiawar, viii.
471.

Limri, petty State in Bombay, viii. 471,
472.

Limri, town in Kathiawar, viii. 472.

Lingana, hill fort in Bombay, viii. 472.

Lingayats, trading class of Siva-worship-
pers, numerous in Belgaum, ii. 232, 233 ;
Chellakera, iii. 329 ; Chitaldrug, iii.
425 ; Coorg, iv. 34 ; Dharvvar, iv. 267 ;
Berar, v. 267 ; Hassan, v. 347 ; Kadur,
vii. 285; Madras, ix. 20, 21, 22; My-



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