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sore, x. 100; Nyamti, x. 420; Shimoga,
xii. 401, 402 ; Tiimkur, xiii. 377, 379 ;
Vadagenhalli, xiii. 460.

Linschot, Jean Hugues de, Dutch travel-
ler (1583), quoted, on Chaul, iii. 376;
the Portuguese ladies of Goa, v. 102.

Lio, village in Punjab, viii. 472, 473.

Lion, The Indian or maneless, of Gujarat,
article ' India,' vi. 652. Local notices
— Bombay, iii. 45-; Kathiawar, viii.
96 ; Kotah, viii. 304.

Lister, Col., Political Agent in the Khasi
Hills (1835-54), viii. 171.

Lister, Messrs., their attempts to culti-
vate silkworms in Dehra Dun, iv.

174-

Litar Gotra, petty State in Bombay, viii.

473-

Literature of Bengal, The, by Mr. Arcy
Dae, quoted, vi. 347 and footnote ; 348,
349, and footnote ; 352 (footnote).

Literature of India, article ' India,' vi.
1 18-129 ; 343-354 ; and 480, 481 ; the
Mahabharata, 118 -122; the Rama-
yana, 122-124; later Sanskrit epics,
124, 125 ; Valmiki, the author of the
Ramayana, 123; the poet Kalidasa,
125 ; the Sanskrit drama, 125, 126 ;
the Hindu novel, 127 ; Beast stories
and fables, 127; Sanskrit lyric poetry,
128 ; the Puranas or Brahmanical
mediaeval theological writings, 128,
129; modern Indian literature, 129;
Uriya literature and authors, 343, 344 ;
Rajputana sacred literature, 344 ; Hindi



INDEX.



'97



literature and authors, 345, 346 ; Ben-
gali literature and authors, 346-354 ;

480, 481.
Little, Captain, took Gandikot ( 1791),

iv. 464.
Little Baghmati. See Baghmati, Little.
Little Gandak. See Gandak, Little.
Little Ranjit. See Kanjit, Little.
Lives of the Lindsays, quoted, on the

condition of Sylhet in the last century,

xiii. 147.
Llota, tribe of the Nagas, x. 147.
Lloyd, Gen., his conduct in the Mutiny

at Dinapur(iS57), xi. 96, 97.
Lloyd, Major J. H., his monograph on

the Konkan, used, viii. 291, 292.
Loan. See Laun.
Local Finance, vi. 470.
Local and Internal Trade, Statistics of,

article 'India,' vi. 592-597.
Loch, Captain, routed Maong MyatThun

(1853), iv. 313; stormed stockades of

Akonk-taung, v. 385 ; killed at Dona-

byii, xiii. 389.
Loch, Mr. W. W., his monograph on

Poona, Satara, and Sholapur, used, xi.

201-204.
Lockhart, Colonel W. S. A., revised

Macgregor's account of Kabul, vii.

266-277.
Locusts, Ravages of, article 'India,' vi.

662. Local notices — Ahmadabad, i. 91 ;

Alwar, i. 205 ; Broach, iii. 107 ; Etah,

iv. 363 ; Kaira, vii. 304 ; Kolaba, viii.

269; Lahore, viii. 411; Manbhum,

ix. 284 ; Nasik, x. 233 ; Nowgong, x.

412 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 3 1, 32 ; Salem,

xii. 162 ; Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Sirohi,

xiii. 6 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 307.
Lodhika, petty State in Kathiawar, viii.

473-
Lodhikhera, town in Central Provinces,

viii. 473.
Lodhis, prosperous agricultural caste in

Allahabad, i. 189; Azamgarh, i. 395;

Balaghat, i. 455 ; Bulandshahr, iii. 137 ;

Cawnpur, iii. 283, 285 ; Damoh, iv.

no, in; Etah, iv. 361; Fatehpur,

iv. 426; Jabalpur, vii. 31, 32; Jhansi,

vii. 222 ; Sagar, xii. 104.
Lodhran, tahsil in Punjab, viii. 473,

474-

Lodi dynasty, The (1450-1526), article
' India,' vi. 286.

Lodi Bahlol (1450-88), deposed Alam
Shah at Budauti (1449), iii- "7 \
settled Gujrat, and founded Bahlolpur,
v. 189 ; his wars with Jaunpur, and
capture of Jaunpur (1479), vii. 152;
seized Lahore as first step to power
(1436), viii. 406 ; died at Sakit (1488),
xii. 146; founded Sultanpur in Saharan-
pur (1450), xiii. 106.



Loewenthal, suggested that Arrian's
Aornos was near Attock, xi. 506.

Loghassi. See Lughasi.

Lohagara, town in Bengal, viii. 474.

Lohaghat, cantonment in N. -W. Pro-
vinces, viii. 474.

Lohanos, Hindu official and trading class
in Haidarabad(Sind), v. 277 ; Karachi,
vii. 447; Khairpur, viii. 135; Shikar-
pur, xii. 392; Sind, xii. 519.

Lohara, estate in Central Provinces, viii.

474-

Lohara Sahaspur, estate in Central
Provinces, viii. 474, 475.

Lohardaga, District in Bengal, viii. 475-
486 ; physical aspects, 475, 476 ; jungle-
products, 476 ; minerals, 476, 477 ;
wild animals, 477 ; history, 477 _ 479 :
population, 479-481 ; urban and rural
population, 481, 482 ; agriculture, 482,
483 ; condition of the peasantry, 483,
484 ; natural calamities, 484 ; commerce
and trade, 484, 485 ; administration,

485, 486 ; medical aspects, 486.
Lohardaga, Sub-division in Bengal, viii.

486, 487.

Lohardaga, town in Bengal, viii. 487.
Lohargaon, village in N.-W. Provinces,

viii. 487.
Loharinaig, waterfall in N.-W. Provinces,

viii. 487.
Loharu, Native State in Punjab, viii.

487, 488.

Lohgarh, fort in Bombay, viii. 48S.
Lohit, river in Assam, viii. 488.
Loisinh, estate in Central Provinces, viii.

488.
Lonar, town in Berar, viii. 488, 489.
Lonara, town in Oudh, viii. 489.
Lonauli, town in Bombay, viii. 489, 490.
London Mission, The. See Protestant

Missions.
Long, Rev. James, translated the Nil

Darpan, article ' India,' vi. 354 ; quoted

on Rangamati, xi. 470 ; Tribeni, xiii.

353-

Loni, historic town in N.-W. Provinces,

viii. 490.
Lormi, estate in Central Provinces, viii.

490.
Losar, village in Punjab, viii. 490.
Loss by exchange, article ' India,' vi.

469.
Lourical, Marquis de, defeated the

Marathas at Bardez, v. 104.
Lovedale, hill station in Madras, viii.

490.
Love-poems in Krishna-worship, vi. 223.
Lovett, Mr., held Howrah (1785), v.

464.
Low, Col., Resident at Lucknow (1841),

his efforts to suppress Bhagwant Singh,

x. 493-



INDEX.



Lowa, town in Oudh, viii. 490.
Lowaghar. Sec Maidani.
Low-caste apostles in religious reforma-
tions in Siva and Vishnu worship, vi.
207, 208.
Lower Ganges Canal, Statistics of,
article 'India,' vi. 29; 532, 533. See
Ganges Canal, Lower, iv. 475-477.
Lucena, quoted, on the finding of the
cross on St. Thomas' Mount in 1547,
xii. 143.
Luckeeserai, railway station in Bengal,

viii. 490.
Lucknow, Division in Oudh, viii. 490-

492.
Lucknow, District in Oudh, viii. 492-
502 ; physical aspects, 492, 493 ; his-
tory, 493-496 ; population, 496, 497 ;
urban and rural population, 497 ; agri-
culture, 497-498 ; tenures, 498-499 ;
famines, 499 ; roads and communica-
tions, 499, 500 ; manufactures, trade,
etc., 500; administration, 500, 501 ;
medical aspects, 501, 502.
Lucknow, tahsil and fiargatid in Oudh,

viii. 502, 503.
Lucknow, capital of Oudh, viii. 503-518 ;
situation and general appearance, 503,
504; history, 504-511 ; architecture,
511, 512; mutiny narrative, 512-515;
population, 515, 516; commerce and
trade, 5 J 6; administration, 517; edu-
cation, etc., 517; military statistics,
517, 518; siege and relief of, article
' India,' vi. 420, 421.
Ludhiana, District in Punjab, viii. 518-
525; physical aspects, 518, 519; his-
tory, 519-521 ; population, 521 ; urban
and rural population, 521, 522 ; agri-
culture, 522, 523 ; natural calamities,
523 ; commerce and trade, 523, 524 ;
administration, 524, 525 ; medical
aspects, 525.
Ludhiana, tahsil in Punjab, viii. 525, 526.
Ludhiana, town in Punjab, viii. 526.
Lugard, Gen. Sir Edward, defeated Kuar

Singh at Azamgarh (1858), i. 395.
Lughasi, Native State in Central India,

viii. 527.
Lugu, hill in Bengal, viii. 527.
Luka, river in Assam, viii. 527.
Lukman-jo-Tando. See Tando Lukman.
Lumbaiong, mountain range in Assam,

viii. 527.
Lumsden, General Sir H. B., his mission
to Kabul (1857-58), i. 51 ; quoted, on
the Kafirs, vii. 290 ; on Kandahar, vii.
394 ; on the fighting men in the Kuram
valley, viii. 368.
Lumsden, General Sir P. S., took com-
mand of the Commission for marking the
N. boundary of Afghanistan, vii. 275.
Lunatic asylums. See the different Pro-



vincial articles, and particularly at

Ahmadabad, i. 93; Ajmere, i. 131;

Tezpur in Assam, i. 373 ; in Bengal,

ii. 322 ; Berhampur, ii. 325, x. 31 ;

Bhawanipur (for Europeans), ii. 384 ;

in Bombay Presidency, iii. 73 ; Kolaba,

hi. 84, viii. 27 ; Calicut, iii. 268,

ix. 80 ; Dacca, iv. 89 ; Delhi, iv. 196 ;

Dhalandhar, iv. 238 ; Dharwar, iv.

265 ; Haidarahad (Sind), v. 288 ;

Lahore, viii. 413 ; Lucknow, viii. 502 ;

in Madras Presidency, ix. 80 ; Banga-
lore, x. 113; Nagpur, x. 172, 174:

Rangoon, xi. 484 ; in the Twenty-four

Parganas, xiii. 399 ; Vizagapatam, xiii.

496.
Lunawara, Native State in Bombay, viii.

527, 528.
Lunawara, capital of State in Bombay,

viii. 528, 529.
Lushai Hills, tract on N.-E. frontier, viii.

529-532.
Lushais or Kukis, aboriginal tribe on

N.-E. frontier, i. 351 ; Cachar, iii.

231, 235 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii.

448, 449, 450 ; Hill Tipperah, v. 399 ;

Jaintia Hills, vii. 148 ; Manipur, ix.

130; Naga Hills, x. 150, 151 ; Sylhet,

xiii. 149.
Lushington, S. R., Governor of Madras

(1827-32), ix. 67.
Lushington, S. T., Commissioner of

Kumaun, carried out settlement there,

viii. 351.
Lutheran Missions, article 'India,' vi.

259, 260. See Protestant Missions.
Lyall, Sir A. C, Lieutenant-Governor of

the N.-W. Provinces and Oudh (1882),

x. 37o.
Lyell, vSir Charles, Principles of Geology,

quoted, vi. 27.
Lytton, Lord, Viceroy of India (1876-80),
Proclamation of the Queen as Empress
of India, great famine of 1877-78,

second Afghan war, article ' India,*

vi. 426, 427 ; his attempt to establish

British agencies in Afghanistan, i. 52.



M



Macartney, Lord, Governor of Madias

(1781-85), ix. 67.
Macaulay, Lord, first Law Member of the

Council of India, article ' India,' vi.

406 ; quoted on Clive's defence of

Arcot, i. 310.
Macdonald, Mr., sub-Collector of Cudda-

pah, murdered in a riot there (1832),

iv. 50.
Macdonald, Major, Commandant of Fort

Michni, murdered byMohmands(i873),

ix. 475-



INDEX.



r 99



Macgregor, Sir C. M., his estimate of
the population of Afghanistan, i. 45 ;
use made of his account of Herat, v.
391 ; of Kabul, vii. 266-277 ; of Kan-
dahar, vii. 389-398 ; of the Khaibar
Pass, viii. 124-127; quoted, on the
Kuram valley, viii. 369 ; on the Safed
Koh Mountains, xii. 97-99 ; on the
Sulaiman Hills, xiii. 94.

Macharda, village in Kathiawar, viii.

532, 533-

Machari, village in Rajputana, vm. 533.
Machavaram, town in Madras, viii. 533.
Machhgaon, port in Bengal, viii. 533.
Machhgaon Canal, branch of the Orissa

Canal System, viii. 533.
Machhligaon, village in Oudh, viii. 533.
Machhlishahr, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, viii. 533, 534.
Machhreta, town and pargand in Oudh,

viii. 534, 535.
Machida, estate in Central Provinces,

viii- 535-

Machiwara, town in Punjab, vm. 535.

Mackenzie, Gordon, quoted, on the storm-
wave at Masulipatam (1864), ix. 355-

Mackeson, Lieut., his attack on Ah

Masjid (1839), viii. 124.
Mackeson, Fort, military outpost in

Punjab, viii. 535, 536.
Maclean, J. M., quoted, on the Govern-
ment House at Parell, xi. 61 ; on the

Vehar Reservoir, xiii. 465, 466.
Macleod, Sir Donald, Donald town,

Lahore, named after, viii. 417, 418 ;

third Lieut. -Governor of the Punjab,

xi. 270.
Macleod, Capt., put down the rising of

the Naikdas in the Panch Mahals

(1868), xi. 30.
Macmorine, Col., his victory at Gadar-

wara (1818), x. 219.
Macnaghten, .Sir Francis, Portrait of, in

the High Court, Calcutta, iii. 251.
Macnaghten, Sir William, Assassination

of, at Kabul (1841), i. 50, vi. 408;

indignities offered to his body, vii.

272, 273.
Macpherson, Sir H. T., sent from

Kabul to disperse Afghans, vii. 274 ;

his brigade at the battle of Kandahar

(1880), vii. 397.
Macpherson, Sir John, Governor-General,

(1785, 1786), ii. 278.
Macpherson, Major S. C, his manage-
ment of the Kandhs, vii. 404, 405.
Macrae, James, Governor of Madras,

(1725-30), ix. 67.
Madahis, aboriginal tribe in Assam, i.

351 ; Darrang, iv. 145.
Madahpura, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, viii. 536.



Madaksira, town and taluk in Madras,

viii. 536.
Madanapalli, town and taluk in Madras,

viii. 537-
Madanganj, town in Bengal, viii. 537.
Madanpur, estate in Central Provinces,

viii. 537-

Madapollam, historic weaving village in

Madras, viii. 537, 538.
Madari, river in Bengal, viii. 538.
Madaria, town in N.-W. Provinces, viii.

538. . . .

Madanpur, village and Sub-division in

Bengal, viii. 538.
Madat Khan, Pathan leader, destroyed

Badin in a raid on Sind, i. 409.
Madavarvilagam, town in Madras, viii.

538, 539.
Madder, grown in Afghanistan, i. 38 ;

Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Nepal, x. 277 ;

Sandoway, xii. 202, 203.
Maddikera, town in Madras, viii. 539.
Maddock, Sir Herbert, agent at Sagar,

built great house at Gachakota, v. 13.
Maddi'ir, village and taluk in Mysore,

viii. 539.
Made, village in Coorg, viii. 539.
Madgiri, town and taluk in Mysore, viii.

539-

Madgiri-drug, hill in Mysore, vm. 540.

Madgula, town in Madras, viii. 540.

Madha, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, viii. 540, 541.

Madham, petty State in Punjab, vin.

54-1-
Madhapur, town in Kathiawar, viii. 541.
Madhava Acharya, Sanskrit religious

writer of the 14th century, vi. 191.
Madhava Rao, Sir, Diwan of Baroda

(1875), ii. 168.
Madhepur, town in Bengal, vm. 541.
Madheswaranmalai, town in Madras, viii.

541,542.
Madhopur, town in Rajputana, vm. 542.
Madhubani, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, viii. 542.
Madhugarh, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, viii. 542, 543.
Madhumati. See Baleswar.
Madhuna Panth, Maratha Brahman,

prime minister of the last king of

Golconda, killed at Haidarabad (1686),

v. 256.
Madhupur, village in Punjab, viii. 543.
Madhupur, jungle in E. Bengal, viii. 543.
Madhupur. See Madhepur.
Madhu Rao, fourth Peshwa (1761-72},

article 'India,' vi. 321. See also

Marathas.
Madhu Rao Narayan, sixth Peshwa

(1774-95), first Maratha war, and

treaty of Salbai, article 'India,' vi.

323. See also Marathas.



2 00



INDEX.



Madhu Sudan Datta, Bengali epic poet
of the 19th century, article ' India,' vi.

354- , ...

Madhwapur, village in Bengal, viu. 543.
Madhyarjunam, town in Madras, viii.

543, 544-

Madnagarb, reservoir in Central Pro-
vinces, viii. 544.

Madras Presidency, ix. 1-102 ; bound-
aries, I, 2 ; general aspect, 2, 3 ;
rivers, mountains, and lakes, 3, 4 ;
minerals, 4-6 ; forests, 6-8 ; wild and
domestic animals, 8, 9; history, 9-15 ;
people, 15, 18 ; ethnical classification,
18, 19 ; castes, 19-21 ; religious classi-
fication, 21-25 ; occupations, 25, 26 ;
emigration, 26 ; houses and towns, 26,
27 ; agriculture, 27-31 ; coffee planta-
tions, 31, 32 ; tea plantations, 32 ;
tobacco cultivation, 32-34 ; cinchona,
34, 35 ; government farm, 35 ; wages
and prices, 35, 36 ; famine of 1876-78,
37-40 ; irrigation, 40-44 ; land tenures,
44-50 ; survey and settlement, 50, 51 ;
zaminddri or permanently settled
estates, 51 ; indms or revenue-free
grants, 52, 53 ; manufactures, 53, 54 ;
salt manufacture, 54-57 ; history of
dbkdri in Madras, 57, 58 ; arrack and
toddy, 58-60 ; railways, 60 ; commerce
and trade, 60-64 ; administration, 64-
66 ; governors of Madras under British
rule, 66, 67 ; local and municipal ad-
ministration, 67 - 69 ; revenue and
expenditure, 69-74 > Madras army, 74,
75 ; police, 75, 76 ; criminal statistics,
77 ; jails, 77 ; education, 77-79 ;
medical aspects, 79, 80 ; botany and
zoology of Madras. 80-82 ; climate of
Southern India as affecting vegetation,
82, 83 ; general character of the flora,
83 ; dry region, 83-85 ; moist region,
85, 86 ; very moist region, 86, 87 ;
food-grains and pulses, 87, 88 ; fauna
of Southern India, 88 ; Mammals : —
quadrumana — cheiroptera — insectivora
— carnivora — rodentia — edentata —
proboscidea — ungulata, 88-91 ; Birds :
— raptores or birds of prey — passeres
or perching birds — scansores — tenui-
rostres — dentirostres — conirostres —
gallinse vel rasores or game birds —
grallatores — natatores, 91-94; Reptiles :
— turtles, lizards, etc. — snakes, 94-
96 ; Amphibians : — frogs, toads, 96 ;
Fishes : — fresh- water fishes — brackish -
water fishes — sea fishes, 96, 97 ;
Mollusca : — cephalopoda — ophisto-
branchiata, 98 ; Insects : — coleoptera —
orthoptera — hymenoptera — lepidoptera
— diptera — rhynchota — arachnicla —
myriapoda, 99-102 ; Crustacea, 102.

Madras City, capital of Madras Pre-



sidency, ix. 102-119 ; history, 103, 104 ;
general appearance, 104-107 ; popula-
tion, 107, 108 ; religions, 108, 109 ;
municipality, 109-m ; port, trade, etc.,
111-114; industries, 114; live stock,
prices of produce, 114; sporting, 114;
communications, 114, 115; education,
etc., 115, 116; judicial, 116, 117;
police, 117; institutions, 117-119;
climate, etc., 119; article 'India,'
founded in 1639, the first territorial
British possession in India, vi. 369 ;
378 ; capture of, by the French ; in-
effectual siege of, by the British ;
restoration to the British, vi. 379.

Madrasas or Muhammadan Colleges, at
Calcutta, article ' India,' vi. 473 ; hi.
259 ; Dacca, iv. 87, 92 ; Hugh, v.
498.

Madura, District in Madras, ix. 1 19-132 ;
physical aspects, 120-122 ; history,
122-124; population, 124-128; agri-
culture, 128, 129 ; natural calamities,
129, 130; manufactures, etc., 130;
communications, 130 ; administra-
tion, 131 ; medical aspects, 13 1,
132.

Madura, taluk in Madras, ix. 132.

Madura, town in Madras, ix. 132-135.

Madura, river in Assam, ix. 135.

Madurantakam, taluk in Madras, ix.

135-

Mafuz Bandar. See Chicacole.

Magadha, kings of, their power in India,
ii. 227; in the N.-W. Provinces, x.
362 ; their capitals at Patna, xi. 106,
107 ; and Rajagriha, xi. 380.

Magadi, village and taluk in Mysore, ix.

J 36.

Maganand, mountain pass in Punjab, ix.
136.

Magars, aboriginal tribe, in the Hima-
layas, v. 413 ; in Nepal, x. 279.

Magar Talao, tank, hot springs, and
temple in Bombay, ix. 136-139.

Magdapur, pargand in Oudh, ix. 139.

Maghar, village in N.-W. Provinces, ix.

139-
Maghera, town in N.-W. Provinces, ix.

139-

Maghiana, town in Punjab, ix. 139, 140.

Maghs or Arakanese, in Bakarganj, i.
443, 444 ; Chittagong (their ravages),
iii. 435, 436 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts,
iii. 449 ; Cox's Bazar, iv. 45 ; Kyauk-
pyu, viii. 386 ; the Sundarbans, xiii.
in; Taung-ngu, xiii. 223; Tavoy,
xiii. 230.

Magori, petty State in Bombay, ix. 140.

Magrah, town in Bengal, ix. 140.

Magrayar, pargand in Oudh, ix. 140, 141.

Magura, town and Sub-division in Bengal,
ix. 141.



INDEX.



20I



Mahabaleshwar, hill station and sani-
tarium in Bombay, ix. 141 -143.

Mahabalipur, village, with temples, in
Madras, ix. 143-149.

Mahaban, tahsll in N.-W. Provinces, ix.
149, 150.

Mahaban, historic town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, ix. 150-152.

Mahaban, mountain in Yagistan, ix. 152.

Maha Bandula, besieged Rangoon (1S24,
iii. 224, 225, iv. 313 ; defeated and
killed at Donabyu (1825), xiii. 289. _

Mahabar, range of hills in Bengal, ix.

152, 153. ' . ,

Mahabat Khan, Akbar's general, occupied

Udaipur (1577), xiii. 409.
Mahal >harata, the epic poem of the
heroic age in N. India, article 'India,'
vi. 118-122; the struggle between the
Kauravas and Pandavas, 119, 120;
the polyandry of Draupadi, 121.
Mahad, town and Sub-division in Bombay,

ix. 153, 154-
Mahadanapuram, town in Madras, ix.

154.
Mahadeo, river in Assam, ix. 154.
Mahadeopahar, group of hills in Central

Provinces, ix. 154, 155.
Mahadeva, pargand in Oudh, ix. 155.
Mahagaon, estate in Central Provinces,

ix. 155-

Mahaklidurga, hill in Mysore, ix. 155.

Mahalingpur, town in Bombay, ix. 155.

Mahamuni, Buddhist temple in Bengal,
ix. 155, 156.

Mahamuni, pagoda in Burma, ix. 156.

Mahanadi, river in Central Provinces and
Orissa, ix. 156-163 ; course of the river,
156-158; floods, 158; canal system,
158-160 ; general view of the Orissa
canals, 160 ; irrigation capabilities,
160-162 ; financial aspects, 162, 163 ;
physical action of the river, 163.

Mahanadi, river in Orissa and Madras,
ix. 163. See Rushikuliya.

Mahanadi, Little, river in Central Pro-
vinces, ix. 163, 164.

Mahananda, river in N. Bengal, ix. 164.

Mahan Singh, father of Ranjit Singh, his
mausoleum at Gujranwala, v. 187 ; his
wars with Sahib Singh of Gujrat, v.
190; restored town and salt trade of
Miani (1787), ix. 421 ; conquered
Miani (1783), xii. 362; sacked Jamu
(1784,) xii. 442.

Maharajganj, trading town in Saran
District, Bengal, ix. 164.

Maharajganj, trading suburb of Patna
city, Bengal, ix. 164.

Maharajganj, town and taJisil in N.-W.
Provinces, ix. 165.

Maharajganj. See Newalganj.

Maharajnagar, village in Oudh, ix. 165.



Maharajnagar, town in Central India, ix.

l6 5-,
Maharajpur, village in Central Provinces,

ix. 165, 166.

Maharam. Sec Mah-ram.

Maharam, petty State in Assam, ix. 166.

Maharashtra, historic kingdom in W.

India, ix. 166- 168.
Mahasthangarh, ancient shrine in Bengal,

ix. 168.
Mahasu, mountain near Simla, Punjab,

ix. 168, 169.
Mahathaman, township in Burma, ix. 169.
Mahatpur, town in Punjab, ix. 169, 170.
Mahatwar, town in N.-W. Provinces, ix.

170.
Mahavinyaka, peak in Bengal, ix. 170.
Mahe, French settlement in Madras, ix.

170, 171.
Maheji, town in Bombay, ix. 171, 172.
Mahendragiri, mountain peak in Madras,

ix. 172.
Mahendratanaya, river in Madras, ix. 172.
Mahesar. See Maheswar.
Mahesh, village in Bengal, ix. 172.
Mahesh-rekha. See Ulubaria.
Mahespur, town in Bengal, ix. 172, 173.
Maheswar, town in Central India, ix.

173-

Mahgawan, town in Oudh, ix. 173.

Mahi, river in Bombay, ix. 173, 174.

Mahiganj, town in Bengal, ix. 175.

Mahi Kantha, The, group of Native
States in Bombay, ix. 175-179; physi-
cal aspects, 176 ; history, 176, 177 ;
population, 177, 178; Bhils, 178,
179; agriculture, trade, etc., 179.

Mahim, Sub-division in Bombay, ix. 179,
180.

Mahim, town in Bombay, ix. 180, 181.

Mahim, historic town in Punjab, ix. 181.

Mahlog, State in Punjab, ix. 181.

Mahmud of Ghazni (1001-30), article
'India,' vi. 272-275; his seventeen
invasions of India, 272, 273 ; patriotic
resistance of the Hindus, 273 ; sack of
Somnath, 273, 274 ; conquest of the
Punjab, 274 ; Mahmiid's justice and
thrift, 274, 275. Local notices — Sacked
Ajmere, i. 119, 120; took Bhatnair,
ii. 378 ; at Bulandshahr, iii. 133 ; con-
ciliated by the Chandei Raja, iii. 154 ;
plundered Etawah, iv. 379; defeated
Ajai Pal, Raja of Kanauj, iv. 410;
besieged Gwalior, v. 236 ; besieged
Kalinjar, vii. 332 ; took Kanauj, vii.
386 ; took Kandahar, vii. 392 ;
plundered shrine of Kangra, vii.
414 ; invaded Karachi, vii. 446 ; and
Kashmir, viii. 61 ; sacked Somnath,
viii. 90, xiii. 51 ; occupied Lahore,
viii. 405 ; sacked Mahaban, ix. 150 ;
attacked the Dor Raja of Baran, ix.



INDEX.



383 ; took Miiltan, x. 4 ; and Munj,
x. 15 ; sacked Muttra, x. 54 ; his
invasions of the N.-W. Provinces,
x - 363 ; made Peshawar base for his
invasions, xi. 148 ; defeated the Raj-
puts under Prithwi Raja on the plains
of Chach, xii. 23 ; sacked Sharwa and
defeated Raja Chand, xii. 271 ; con-
quered Shikarpur, xii. 386 ; took
Talamba, xiii. 163 ; sacked Thaneswar,
xiii. 260 ; took Uchh, xiii. 400.

Mahmiid Gawan, minister of the last
Bahmani king, his attempt to settle
Maharashtra (1472), xi. 202.

Mahmiid Shah, last independent king of
Bengal, died at Colgong (1539), iv.

23.
Mahmiid Shah Begara, king of Gujarat,

completed fortifications of Ahmadabad,

i. 94 ; took Champaner, iii. 333 ;

built mosque at Junagarh, vii. 263 ;

founded Mehmadabad (1479), ix. 400 ;

took Pawagarh (1484), xi. 122.
Mahmiid, Sultan of Jaunpur, defeated at

Delhi by Bahlol Lodi (1452), vii. 152 ;

took Kalpi (1442), vii. 342.
Mahmiid Tughlak, last king of the Tugh-

lak dynasy (1398- 1414), invasion of

Timiir (Tamerlane), vi. 285.
Mahmiidabad, town and pargand in

Oudh, ix. 181, 182.
Mahoba, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, ix.

182.
Mahoba, historic town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, ix. 182, 183.
Mahogany trees, in Malabar, ix. 229.
Maholi, pargand in Oudh, ix. 183, 184.
Mahona, town and pargand in Oudh, ix.

184.
Mahraj, town in Punjab, ix. 184, 185.
Mahram, petty State in Assam, ix. 185.
Mahrauni. See Mihrauni.
Ma-htiin. See Ma-tun.
Mahud trees, found in Aligarh, i. 168 ;

Allahabad, i. 190 ; Asoha, i. 340 ;

Bachhrawan, i. 405 ; Bailgaon, i.

437; Banda, ii. 51 ; Basim, ii. 184;

Bhagalpur, ii. 343 ; Bhandara, ii. 361 ;

Bihar, ii. 420; Birhar, iii. 12; Bom-
bay, iii. 45 ; Bundelkhand, iii. 152 ;

Biirhapara, iii. 165 ; Cawnpur, iii.

280 ; Chanda, iii. 349 ; Chhota Udai-

pur, iii. 405 ; Dharampur, iv. 249 ;

Diingarpur, iv. 323 ; Edar, iv. 337 ;

Fatehpur, iv. 423 ; Gaya, v. 44 ;

Gonda, v. 146 ; Hazaribagh, v. 370 ;

Jaunpur, vii. 150; Kantha, vii. 437;

Kathi, viii. 87 ; Kawardha, viii. 106 ;

Lalitpur, viii. 447 ; Lohara, viii.

474 ; Lohardaga, viii. 476 ; Makrai,



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