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Camels, Cattle, Cheetahs or Hunting
Leopards, Deer, Dogs, Elephants,
Poxes, Gazelles, Goats, Hogs (wild),
Horses, Hyaenas, Ibex, Leopards,
Lions, MithiUi or Wild Cows, Nilgai ox
Blue Cows, Otters, Ponies, Porcupines,
Rats, Rhinoceros, Sheep, Tigers,
Wolves, and Yaks.

Animals, hospitals for — Panjrdpols — a
surival of the Buddhistic tenderness for
animals, article 'India,' vi. 159. Local
notices — Ahmadabad, i. 97 ; Broach,
iii. 105 ; Surat, xiii. 134, 135.

Aniseed, found in Maler Kotla, ix. 255.

Anjangaon, town in Berar, i. 290.

Anjangaon Bari, town in Berar, i. 290.



Anjanwel, seaport in B unbay, i. 290.

Anjar, town in Bombay, i. 290, 291.

Anjengo, town in Madras, i. 291, 292.

Anji, town in Central Provinces, i. 292.

Anjinad, tract in Madras, i. 292.

Anjnas, cultivating race in Malwa, ix.
269.

Ankewallia, petty State in Kathiawar, i.
292.

Ankleswar,townand Sub-division in Bom-
bay, i. 292.

Ankola, Sub-division in Bombay, i. 293.

Ankola, town and seaport in Bombay, i.

2 93-
Annals and Antiquities of R&jasthdn.

See Tod, Col.
Annamarazpet, village in Madras, i.

2 93-
Annigeri, town in Bombay, i. 293.
Anta Dhiira, pass in X.-YV. Provinces, i.

293-
Antelope, or Black Buck, article ' India,'
vi. 657. Local notices — Ajmere, i.
119 ; Akola, i. 141 ; Allahabad, i. 185 ;
Amritsar, i. 255 ; Anantapur, i. 274 ;
Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Banda, ii. 47 ;
Belgaum, ii. 232 ; Bellary, ii. 242 ;
Bombay Presidency, iii. 46 ; Broach,
iii. 102; Budaun, iii. 117; Buland-
shahr, iii. 132 ; Buldana, iii. 143 ;
Upper Burma, iii. 212 ; Cambay, iii.
271; Cawnpur, iii. 280; Chengalpat,
iii. 382; Coimbatore, iv. 15; Cudda-
pah, iv. 48 ; Dharwar, iv. 259 ; Faiza-
bad, iv. 381 ; Fatehpur, iv. 423 ;
Firozpur, iv. 439 ; Gaya, v. 45 ; God-
avari, v. 123; Gonda, v. 147 ; Goona,
v. 159; Gwalior, v. 229; Hamirpur,
v. 298 ; Hardoi, v. 322 ; Hassan, v.
346 ; Himalaya Mountains, v. 409 ;
Hoshiarpur, v. 452 ; Jalandhar, vii.
85 ; Jalpaiguri, vii. 109 ; Kadur, vii.
283 ; Kaira, vii. 300 ; Kaladgi, vii.
315 ; Karachi, vii. 445 ; Karnal, viii.
20 ; Karnul, viii. 35, 36 ; Kathiawar,
viii. 96 ; Khairpur, viii. 133 ; Khan-
desh, viii. 150; Kheri, viii. 190;
Kistna, viii. 226 ; Kotah, viii. 304 ;
Lahore, viii. 405 ; Lalitpur, viii. 447 ;
Larkhana, viii. 463 ; Lohardaga, viii.
477; Madras Presidency, ix. 91;
Mainpuri, ix. 203 ; Mallani, ix. 261 ;
Mirzapur, ix. 453 ; Montgomery, ix.
495 ; Nallamalai Hills, x. 1*85 ; Nasik,
x. 228; Nellore, x. 262; Oudh, >.
483 ; Poona, xi. 200 ; Punjab, xi. 259 ;
Purniah, xi. 323 ; Raipur, xi. 368 ;
Rampur, xi. 455 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 4 ;
Saharanpur, xii. 115 ; Salem, xii. 152 ;
Shahjahanpur, xii. 344 ; Shahpur, xii.
361 ; Sialkot, xii. 441 ; Sind, xii. 507 ;
Sirsa, xiii. 10 ; Sultanpur, xiii. 97 ;
Surat, xiii. 120 ; Wardha, xiii. 524.



i6



INDEX.



Anthracite coal, found in Ravval Pindi,
xii. 2.

Antimony, found in Afghanistan, i. 36,
37 ; Anantapur, i. 274 ; Baluchistan,
ii. 36 ; Bellary, ii. 241 ; Lower Burma,
iii. 201, 202 ; Upper Burma, iii. 211 ;
Hazaribagh, v. 379 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ;
Kulu, viii. 337 ; Lakhi Mountains,
viii. 424 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 6 ;
Bajaur, xi. 146 ; Sandur Hills, xii.
209 ; Shwe-gyin, xii. 430.

Antimony, sulphide of, found in Bala-
ghat, i. 454.

Antimony, sulphuret of, found in Bhagal-
pur, ii. 345.

Antiquarian remains; in Mount Abu, i. 8;
Achala Basanta, i. 12 ; in Afghanistan,
i. 52, 53 ; in Afghan-Turkistan, i. 56 ;
at Ahar, i. 81 ; Ahmadabad, i. 97 ;
Ahmadgarh, i. 98; Ahobalam, i. no;
Ajaigarh, i. 112; Ajmere, i. 132;
Ajodhya, i. 134, 135 ; Akola, i. 141 ;
Allahabad, i. 196, 198 ; Amarnath, i.
210, 211 ; Amber, i. 228, 229 ; Amra-
vati, i. 252 ; Anamalai Hills, i. 270 ;
Araraj, i. 306 ; Asarur, i. 337 ; Assia,
i. 375; Atranji Khera, \. 379, 380;
Ava, i. 389 ; Azamgarh, i. 395 ; Bada-
mi, i. 407 ; Badrihat, i. 410 ; Bagher-
hat, i. 417 ; Bahraich, i. 427 ; Baidya-
nath, i. 436 ; Balihri, ii. 13 ; Balkh, ii.
14; Banda, ii. 55; Bannu, ii. 90;
Bara Banki, ii. 107 ; Barabar Hills,
ii. 115; Bareilly, ii. 141 ; Barkur, ii.
J 56, 157; Bassein, ii. 191, 192; Bela-
gavi, ii. 230 ; Benares, ii. 266 ; Bez-
wada, ii. 336 ; Bhacheswar, ii. 340 ;
Bhagalpur, ii. 348 ; Bhainsror, ii. 356 ;
Bhandak, ii. 359 ; Bhera, ii. 386 ;
Bhilsa, ii. 393, 394; Bhuj, ii. 408;
Bilgram, ii. 455, 456 ; Bishnupur, iii.
17 ; Boram, iii. 88 ; Brahmanabad, iii.
91 ; Buddh Gaya, iii. 125- 127 ; Buland-
shahr, iii. 141 ; Bundelkhand, iii. 154 ;
Burhanpur, iii. 164; Champaner, iii.
333; Champaran, iii. 334, 335, 340,
341 ; Chanda, iii. 352 ; Chandragiri,
iii. 363 ; Harchoka in Chang Bhakar,
iii. 367 ; Charsadda, iii. 2>T3 5 Chaul,
iii. 376, 377 ; Chitor, iii. 431 ; Coorg,
i v - 35? 36 ; Dalmi, iv. 100 ; Udainagar,
near Darapur, iv. 122 ; Darauti, iv.
122; Tezpur, near Darrang, iv. 143;
Daulatabad, iv. 158; Debi Patan, iv.
164; Delhi, iv. 189; Dheri Shahan,
iv. 269, 270 ; Dimapur, iv. 289, 290 ;
Dipalpur, iv. 304 ; Elephanta, iv. 341 ;
Eran, iv. 354, 355 ; Farukhabad, iv.
410 ; Gaur, v. 38-40 ; Gaya, v. 47-49 ;

. Ghazipur, v. 62, 63 ; Giriyak, v. 85 ;
Girnar, v. 85, 86 ; Gobardhan, v. 121 ;
Gujrat, v. 189; Gwalior, v. 234-236;
Halebid, v. 295 ; Hampi, v. 307, 308 ;



Harappa, v. 320; Hardwar, v. 331-
333 ; Harrand, v. 342 ; Hasan Abdal,
v. 342 ; Hassan, v. 346 ; Ikanua, v.

507 ; Jaintiapur, vii. 50 ; Jalalpur, vii.
81 ; Jaunpur, vii. 159, 160 ; in Jehlam,
vii. 169 ; Jerruck, vii. 182 ; Kachola,
vii. 278 ; Kafirkot, vii. 292 ; Kalinga-
patam, vii. 330; Kalinjar, vii. 333-337;
Kanarak, vii. 384, 385 ; Kanauj, vii.
2S7 ; Karakal, vii. 463 ; Karanja, vii.
467 ; Kasia, viii. 79 ; Katas, viii. 87 ;
Khajurahu, viii. 140, 141 ; Kora, viii.
295 ; Kudarkot, viii. 329 ; Lahore,
viii. 415 ; Mahabalipur, ix. 143-149 ;
Mahim, ix. 181 ; Mahoba, ix. 183 ;
Mandar Hill, ix. 292 ; Mandogarh, ix.
308, 309; Manikiala, ix. 319, 320;
Meerut, ix. 393 ; Mehkar, ix. 399 ;
Mergui, ix. 408 ; Munj, x. 15 ; Muttra,
x - 53> 54 ; Nadol, x. 142, 143 ; Palma,
xi. 14 ; Panduah, (Hiigli), xi. 39 ;
Panduah (Maldah), xi. 39-42 ;
Anhilwara Patan, xi. 82 ; Patana, xi.
84 ; Pehoa, xi. 129 ; Penukonda, xi.
135 ; Rajagriha, xi. 380, 381 ; Rajma-
hal, xi. 390 ; Ramgarh Hill, xi. 447 ;
Rangamati, xi. 469 ; Rani-nur, xi. 507,

508 ; Tsandavolu in Repulli, xii. 44 ;
in Rohri, xii. 64, 65 ; Rohtasgarh, xii.
78 ; Rupbas, xii. 83 ; Sahet Mahet or
Sravasti, xii. 126-134; Sakraypatna,
xii. 148 ; Salsette, xii. 169 ; Sanchi,
xii. 194-196; in Sandoway, xii. 201;
Sangala, xii. 214; Sankisa, xii. 223,
224 ; Sarai Aghat, xii. 249 ; Sarnath,
xii. 269, 270; Sayyidpur (N.-W. P.),
xii. 300 ; Sewan, xii. 322 ; in Shaha-
bad, xii. 328 ; in Shahpur, xii. 361 ;
Shimoga, xii. 400 ; Shorkot, xii. 424 ;
Sialkot, xii. 451 ; Simraon, xii. 501,
502 ; Sindkher, xii. 527 ; in Singh-
bhum, xii. 536 ; on the Singimari
River, xii. 541 ; Sivasamudram, xiii.
42 ; Somnath, xiii. 50 ; Sonargaon, xiii.
59 ; Sonpat, xiii. 62 ; Soron, xiii. 67 ;
Sumerpur, xiii. 107 ; Syriam, xiii. 158 ;
Talamba, xiii. 163 ; Talkad, xiii. 167 ;
Tamluk, xiii. 172 ; Tezpur, xiii. 244 ;
Than, xiii. 248, 249 ; Tharand Parkar,
xiii. 267 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 305 ; Tiru-
miirtikovil, xiii. 325 ; Tosham, xiii.
340 ; Uchh, xiii. 400 ; Ujjain, xiii.
417, 418; Ventipur, xiii. 471; Wala,
xiii. 514; Yusufzai, xiii. 558.

Antivilli, village in Bombay, i. 293.
Antora, seaport in Bombay, i. 293, 294.
Antravedi, shrine in Madras, i. 294.
Antri, pargand in Central India, i. 294.
Anumakonda, historic capital in Deccan,

i. 294. See Telingana.
Anupgarh, town in Rajputana, i. 294.
Anupshahr, town and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, i. 294.



INDEX.



'7



Anwa, town in Nizam's Dominions, i.

295-

Anwar-ud-di'n, Nawab of Arcot, defeated

by Muzaffar Jang at Ambur, i. 230 ;

granted the Northern Circars, iii. 468.

Aonla, ancient town and tahsil'm. N.-W.

Provinces, i. 295, 296.

Aornos, Mount, mentioned by Arrian,
different identifications of, xi. 506.

Apa Sahib (Mahduji Bhonsla), Raja of
Nagpur, sent his ladies and jewels to
Bhandara, ii. 361 ; Sagar and Narbada
annexed on his deposition, iii. 302 ;
his history, x. 167 ; his attack on the
Resident at Nagpur, x. 167 ; his defeat
and deposition, x. 168.

Appecherla, town in Madras, i. 296.

Appekondu, village in Madras, i. 296.

Apples ; grown in Afghanistan, i. 38 ;
Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Ghazni, v. 72 ;
Kalhatti, vii. 325 ; Kandahar, vii.
391 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ; Kashmir, viii.
71; Khairpur, viii. 136; Kumaun,
viii. 369 ; Manipur, ix. 331 ; Muzaf-
fargarh, x. 57 ; Mysore, x. 103 ;
Nilgiri Hills, x. 313 ; Peshawar, xi.
159; Shevaroy Hills, xii. 383; Sind,
xii. 520; Sukkur, xiii. 91.

Apricots, grown in Balkh, ii. 15 ; Balu-
chistan, ii. 36 ; Ghazni, v. 72 ; Gilghit,
v. 80 ; Kandahar, vii. 391 ; Kangra,
vii. 312 ; Kashmir, viii. 71 ; Khab,
viii. 122 ; Khabul, viii. 122 ; Kohat, viii.
242 ; Kulu, viii. 336, 338 ; Peshawar,
xi. 156 ; Sind, xii. 520.

Ar. See Ahar.

Arab expeditions to Bombay and Sind
(636-828), vi. 268.

Arabs — in Aden, i. 18 ; their tribes near
Aden, i. 24 {see Abdalis, Akrabis,
Fadhlis) ; in Bombay Presidency, iii.
49 ; City, iii. 81 ; plundered Diu, 1670,
iv. 308 ; Haidarabad, v. 253 ; South
Kanara, vii. 379 ; their defence of
Malegaon, May 1818, ix. 254; their
colony and power at Rander, xi. 468 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 7 ; their attack on
Songir, xiii. 61 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 304.
See also Labbays.

Arachalur, village in Madras, i. 296.

Aragonda, village in Madras, i. 296, 297.

Arail, village and tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, i. 297.

Arains, market gardeners and cultivators
in Jehlam, vii. 171.

Arakan, Division in Lower Burma, i.
297, 298.

Arakan. See Mro-haung.

Arakanese. See Maghs.

Arakan Hill Tracts, District in Lower
Burma, i. 298-304 ; physical aspects,
etc., 298, 299; history, 299; popula-
tion, 299-301 ; agriculture, etc., 301,
VOL. XIV.



302 ; manufactures, 302, 303 ; admini-
stration, 303, 304 ; climate, 304.

Arakan Oil Company, vi. 626, 627.

Arakan Yoma, or Roma, range of hills,
with important passes running down
Burma, i. 304, 305; article 'India,'
vi. 3-

Arakere, tract in Mysore, i. 305.

Arakhs, aboriginal tribe in Gonda, v.
151.

Aral River, channel in connection with
the Indus, i. 305, 306.

Arameri, village in Coorg, i. 306.

Aran, river in Berar, i. 306.

Arang, town in Central Provinces, i. 306.

Araraj, village in Bengal, i. 306.

Arariya, village and Sub-division in Ben-
gal, i. 306.

Arasalar, estuary in Madras, i. 307.

Araun, pargand in Central India, i. 307.

Arava-Kurichi, village in Madras, i. 307.

Aravalli Hills, range of mountains in
Rajputana, i. 307, 308.

Arazi, village in Bombay, i. 308.

Arbuthnot, Sir A. J., acting Governor of
Madras (1872), ix. 67.

Arbuthnot, Messrs., & Co., rented the
estate of Palakonda, ix. 534 ; their
introduction of indigo, and attempt to
introduce cotton, xiii. 492.

Archceological Survey of Western India,
Mr. E. Thomas' Papers in, quoted, vi.
147 (footnotes); 172 (footnotes); 175
(footnote 3) ; 182 (footnotes I and 4) ;
185 (footnote 4).
Archaeology of India. For Local notices
see Antiquarian Remains, Architecture,
Buddhist Antiquities, Coins, Mosques,
and Temples.
Architecture, ancient Indian, article
' India, 'vi. 1 12, 170; under the Mughal
Emperors, 294, 304. Local notices : —

(1) Buddhist architecture — Ajanta, i.
114-116; Amravati, i. 252; Bagh, i.
414 ; Bara Banki, ii. 107 ; Barkur, ii.
157; Benares, ii. 268; Bezwada, ii.
336 ; Bhander, ii. 338 ; Bhilsa, ii. 393,
394 ; Buddh Gaya, iii. 126, 127 ;
Champaran, iii. 340, 341 ; Ellora, iv.
349 ; Eran, iv. 354, 355 ; Junagarh,
vii. 263 ; Kanum, vii. 438 ; Kasia, viii.
79 ; Khandgiri, viii. 159 ; Mahabalipur,
ix. 143-149 ; Pandrinton, xi. 38, 39 :
Rani-mir, xi. 507, 508 ; Sanchi, xii.
194-196; Sankisa, xii. 223, 224;
Sarnath, xii. 269, 270 ; Udayagiri, xiii.

414, 4*5-

(2) Burmese architecture — Amara-
piira, i. 210 ; Amherst, i. 236 ; Ava, i.
389 ; Upper Burma, iii. 217 ; Kyaik-
kauk, viii. 382 ; Kyaik-ti-yo, viii. 383 ;
Mahamuni, ix. 156; Mandalay, ix.
289 ; Shwe-Dagon, xii. 426, 427 ;

B



i8



INDEX.



Shwe-maw-daw, xii. 436 ; Shwe-nat-
taung, xii. 437 ; Shwe-san-daw, xii.
438 ; Shwe-thek-lut, xii. 439.

(3) Dutch architecture — Cochin, iv.
II, 12; Coringa, iv. 42; Sadras, xii.
94.

(4) English and modern architecture
— Agra, i. 70, 75 ; Alipur, i. 179, 180;
Allahabad, i. 198 ; Ambala, i. 225 ;
Bangalore, ii. 67 ; Baroda, ii. 171 ;
Benares, ii. 266 ; Bombay, iii. 78,
79 ; Calcutta, iii. 250-253 ; Cawnpur,
iii. 290 ; Darjiling, iv. 140, 141 ; Delhi,
iv. 196 ; Ganjam, v. 9 ; Haidarabad,
v. 253, 254 ; Karachi, vii. 454 ; Lahore,
viii. 417, 418 ; Madras, ix. 105, 106 ;
Meerut, ix. 393 ; Patna, xi. 109 ; Poona,
xi. 213, 214; Rangoon, xi. 483, 484;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 37, 38 ; Simla, xii.
147 ; Surat, xiii. 134, 135.

(5) Hindu architecture — Ahmadabad,
i. 97, 98 ; Ajodhya, i. 135 ; Allahabad,
i. 196, 198 ; Amarnath, i. 210, 211 ;
Amber, i. 228 ; Arsikere, i. 355 ; Bard-
wan, ii. 157 ; Baroda, ii. 170 ; Bela-
gavi, ii. 230 ; Benares, ii. 266, 268 ;
Bhuvaneswar, ii. 417, 418 ; Bikaner,
ii. 443 ; Brindaban, iii. 100 ; Chilam-
baram, iii. 413, 414 ; Conjevaram, iv.
26 ; Dig, iv. 286 ; Elephanta, iv. 341-
343 ; Ellora, iv. 349-351 ; Gangaikan-
dapur, iv. 465 ; Gingi, v. 82, 83 ;
Gwalior, v. 235 ; Halebid, v. 295 ;
Jambukeswaram, vii. 120, 12 1 ; Kana-
rak, vii. 384, 385 ; Karli, viii. 13-16 ;
Kera, viii. 116 ; Khajurahu, viii. 140 ;
Kotae, viii. 302, 303 ; Madura, ix. 133,
134 ; Mandhata, ix. 295, 296 ; Matan,
ix. 360, 361 ; Muttra, x. 54; Nanjangad,
x. 196; Puri, x. 447, 448; xi. 316,
317 ; Pandharpur, xi. 37 ; Patan, xi.
82, 83 ; Rameswaram, xi. 443-445 ;
Ramtek, xi. 466, 467 ; Sandur, xii.
208, 209 ; Srirangam, xiii. 80, 81 ;
Tanjore, xiii. 195, 196 ; Tinnevelli,
xiii. 311 ; Tirupati, xiii. 326; Udaipur,
xiii. 410, 411.

(6) Jain architecture — Mount Abu,
i. 8-12; Ahmadabad, i. 97, 98;
Ajodhya, i. 134 ; Bhadreswar, ii.
340 ; Bikaner, ii. 442 ; Boram, iii. 88 ;
Budhpur, iii. 128 ; Charra, iii. 372 ;
Datia, iv. 157 ; Ellora, iv. 349 ; Girnar,
v. 86 ; Gwalior, v. 235 ; Kalinjera, vii.
337 ; Kapadwanj, vii. 440 ; Karakal,
vii. 463 ; Khiirja, viii. 212 ; Mandhata,
ix. 296 ; Mudbidri, ix. 525 ; Nadol,
x. 142, 143 ; Satrunjaya hill, Palitana,
xi. 4-10 ; Palma, xi. 14 ; Rakabdeo,
xi. 439 ; Rampura, xi. 461, 462 ;
Sanganer, xii. 217 ; Shravan-belgola,
xii. 425 ; Sirpur, xiii. 8 ; Yenur, xiii.
554.



(7) Muhammadan architecture, in-
cluding Mughal and Pathan— Agra,
i. 71-75; Ahmadabad, i. 97, 98;
Ahmadnagar, i. 109 ; Ajmere, i. 132,
133 ; Allahabad, i. 198 ; Aurungabad,
i. 387 ; Bahraich, i. 435 ; Balkh, ii. 14 ;
Baroda, ii. 170; Benares, ii. 268;
Bijapur, ii. 424 ; Burhanpur, iii. 164 ;
Dabhol, iv. 77 ; Delhi, iv. 186-188,
191, 192 ; Fatehpur Sikri, iv. 464 ;
Gaur, v. 40; Jaunpur, vii. 159, 160;
Lahore, viii. 415, 416 ; Lucknow, viii.
506-510; Mandogarh, ix. 308; Meerut,
i x - 393 ; Murshidabad, x. 33, 34 ;
Narnala, x. 213 ; Panduah, xi. 41, 42 ;
Patna, xi. no; Rajmahal, xi. 390;
Seringapatam, xii. 320 ; Sikandra, xii.
481 ; Surat, xiii. 135.

(8) Nepalese architecture — Benares,
ii. 265 ; Khatmandu, viii. 183.

(9) Portuguese architecture — Bassein,
ii. 191 ; Cochin, iv. 12, 13 ; Diu, iv.
307 ; Goa, v. 107, 108 ; Salsette^ xii.
169.

(10) Sikh architecture — Amritsar, i.
335 ; Lahore, viii. 417, 418 ; Ramdas,
xi. 441 ; Sialkot, xii. 451, 452 ; Tarn
Taran, xiii. 215.

Arcot, taluk in Madras, i. 308.

Arcot, town in Madras, i. 308-311 ;
history, 308-311 ; defence of, by Clive
(1751), i. 309, 310, vi. 379; rival
French and English nominees for the
throne of, vi. 379.

Arcot, North, District in Madras, i. 311-
319; physical aspects, 311, 312; his-
tory, 312-314 ; population, 314, 315 ;
agriculture, 315-317 ; natural calami-
ties, 317; commerce and trade, 317,
318; administration, 318, 319 ; medical
aspects, 319.

Arcot, South, District in Madras, i. 319-
328 ; physical aspects, 320, 321 ; his-
tory, 321, 322 ; population, 322, 323 ;
agriculture, 323-325 ; natural calami-
ties, 325, 326 ; commerce and trade,
326, 327 ; administration, 327, 328 ;
medical aspects, 328.

Ardabak, village in Bengal, i. 329.

Area, towns, villages, houses, population,
etc., of British India, article 'India,'
vol. vi., appendix I. p. 689.

Areca nut or betel nut palms, in Akyab,
i. 155, 156 ; Amalapuram, i. 207 ;
Amherst, i. 239 ; Arkalgad, i. 330 ;
Assam, i. 362 ; Atur, i. 383 ; Bakar-
ganj, i. 441, 445 ; Bangalore, ii. 63 ;
on the Beliapatam, ii. 239 ; at Bellary,
ii. 245 ; Bombay, iii. 45 ; Cherra, iii.
392; Chiknayakanhalli, iii. 411;
Chitaldrug, iii. 426 ; Cochin, iv. 5 ;
Dacca, iv. 85 ; Eastern Dwars, iv.
3 2 8} 333 ; Faridpur, iv. 394 ; Goa, v.



INDEX.



i9



92, 93 ; Godavari, v. 122 ; Hajiganj,
v. 290 ; Hassan, v. 349 ; Howrah, v.
463 ; Jalpaiguri, vii. 108 ; Kadur, vii.
286 ; Kalasa, vii. 324 ; North Kanara,
vii. 372 ; South Kanara, vii. 380 ;
Karnul, viii 38 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 177 ;
Khyrim, viii. 215 ; Kolaba, viii. 260 ;
the Konkan, viii. 291 ; Lakvalli, viii.
444 ; Madras, ix. 30, 87 ; Malabar, ix.
230 ; Mertigudda, ix. 415 ; Mysore
State, x. 100, IOI, District, x. 119;
the Nicobar Islands, x. 295 ; Noakhali,
*• 339, 345 » 347 5 Sagar (Mysore), xii.
in ; Salwin Hill Tracts, xii. 175 ;
Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Sheila, xii. 378 ;
Shimoga, xii. 400, 403 ; Shwe-gyin,
xii. 432 ; Sibsagar, xii. 466 ; Tavoy,
xiii. 232; Tipperah, xiii. 317, 318;
Travancore, xii. 342, 349 ; Trichino-
poli, xiii. 360 ; Tumkur, xiii. 378, 381,
Vengurla, xiii. 469 ; Yedator, xiii. 550;
Yellapur, xiii. 553.

Argaum, town in Berar, i. 329 ; battle
of (1803), vi. 323, 398.

Arghun dynasty, The, in Sind (16th
century), xii. 510.

Arhar. See Pulses.

Arhar Nawargaon, town in Central Pro-
vinces, i. 329.

Ariadaha, village in Bengal, i. 329.

Ariakupam, fort in Madras, i. 329.

Arial Khan, river in Bengal, i. 329.

Ariankaon, village, pass, and shrine in
Madras, i. 329.

Ariapad, shrine in Madras, i. 329, 330.

Arikkod, town in Madras, i. 330.

Arisillar. See Arasalar.

Arjun, Sikh Guru, son of Ram Das, founded
Kartarpur, where his descendants have
an estate, viii. 50 ; died in prison at
Lahore, where his shrine is, viii. 415 ;
founded Srigovindpur, xiii. 75 ; built
town, temple, and tank of Tarn Taran,
xiii. 214, 215.

Arjuni, estate in Central Provinces, i.
330.

Arjunpur, village in N.-W. Provinces,
1. 330.

Arkalgad, town and taluk in Mysore, i.
330.

Arkavati, river in Mysore, i. 330.



Arkonam, town in Madras, i.



(31-



Armagon, shoal and lighthouse in
Madras, i. 331 ; East India Company's
factory established at (1625-26), vi. 368.

Armenians in Bengal, ii. 295 ; Bombay,
iii. 52 ; Calcutta, iii. 256 ; Dacca, iv.
90, 91 ; Surat, xiii. 134.

Armori, town in Central Provinces, i.

33i-

Army of India, its constitution, article
' India,' vi. 470, 471 ; the armies of
the three Presidencies, 471 ; strength,



471 ; health and vital statistics, 675-
684. Local notices — in Bengal, ii. 319 ;
Bombay, iii. 67 ; Haidarabad Contin-
gent, v. 252, xii. 302 ; Madras, ix.
74, 75 ; Punjab, xi. 290 ; the Haidar-
abad reformed troops, xii. 302. See
also Arsenals, Cantonments, and Mili-
tary Forces of Native States.

Arna, river in Berar, i. 331.

Arnala, island in Bombay, i. 331.

Ami, town and estate in Madras, i. 331.

Aror, historic town in Bombay, i. 332.

Aroras. See Trading Castes.

Arpalli, pargana in Central Provinces, i.

33 2 -

Arrah, town in Bengal, i. 333, 334 ;
population, 333 ; history, 333, 334.

Arrah Canal, branch of the Son Canal,
Bengal, i. 334, 335.

Arrian, Greek historian, quoted or referred
to — on Alexander's march through
Baluchistan, ii. 28 ; on the defence of a
chief of Pushkalavati against Hephais-
tion, iii.373; onTaxila,iv. 27o;onAstes,
identified with Hashtnagar, v. 344 ;
on Muttra, x. 43 ; preserved Megas-
thenes' account of Palibothra (Patna),
xi. 107 ; on Penkelas or Pushkalavati,
xi. 147 ; the different identifications of
his Mount Aornos, xi. 506 ; calls the
Ravi, the Hydraotes, xii. 14, and the
Sam bus a tributary of the Jumna, xii.
139 ; on Sangala, xii. 214; the Erra-
noboas, indentified with the Son, xiii.
51 ; the Port of Alexandra, identified
with Sonmiani, xiii. 61.

Arrowsmith's old map of India referred to,
on the River Sai, xii. 139.

Arsenals— Ahmadabad, i, 97 ; Allahabad,
i. 198 ; Bangalore, ii. 66 ; Bellary, ii.
261 ; Firozpur, iv. 448 ; Haidarabad
(Sind), v. 287 ; Madras, ix. 107 ;
Merkara, ix. 414 ; Mhow, ix. 420 ;
Nagpur, x. 174, 175 ; Rawal Pindi,
x11 - 35> 37 '■> Secunderabad, xii. 301 ;
Thayet-myo, xiii. 287 ; Trivandrum,
xiii. 369 ; Vizagapatam, xiii. 498.

Arshed Beg, revenue officer of Tipu
Sultan, made rdyatwdri settlement in
Malabar, ix. 46.

Arsikere, village in Mysore, i. 335.

Art and architecture in ancient India, vi.
112; 170, 171. See also Architec-
ture.

Arts and manufactures, article ' India,'
vi. 112, 113, also chap. xx. pp. 598-
617. English competition with native
art-work, 598 ; native rural industries,
599 ; fortified weaving settlements of
the East India Company, 599 ; cotton-
weaving an indigenous industry in
India, 599 ; its decline, but still a
domestic industry supplying three-fifths



20



INDEX.



of the Indian consumption, 600 ; cot-
ton-weaving in different Provinces,
600, 601 ; special Indian cotton fabrics,
601-603; Indian silk-weaving in Bur-
ma, Assam, and Bengal, 602 ; classes
of silk fabrics, 602, 603 ; steam silk
factories, 603 ; embroidery, 603 ; Kash-
mir shawls, 603 ; leather work, 603 ;
velvet work, 603 ; jewelled embroidery,
604 ; carpets and rugs, 604, 605 ;
goldsmith's work and jewellery, 605,
606 ; precious stones, 606 ; iron work
and cutlery, 606 ; chain armour and
damascene work, 606, 607 ; brass,
copper, and bell-metal work, 607, 608 ;
pottery and tile work, 608 ; sculpture,
608, 609 ; wood carving, 609 ; inlaying
and ivory carving, 609 ; European in-
dustries, cotton mills, 610-615 ; jute
mills, 614-616 ; breweries, 616, 617 ;
paper mills, 617 ; leather factories,
617.,
Arundangi, tract and fortress in Madras,

\ 335-
Arunuthmangalam, village in Madras, i.

335-

Aruppakotai, town in Madras, i. 335.

Arvi, town and tahsil in Central Pro-
vinces, i. 335, 336.

Arwal, produce depot in Bengal, i. 336.

Arwal, village in Oudh, i. 336.

Aryahir, town in Madras, i. 336.

Aryan and Turanian migrations from
Central Asia, vi. 174, 175; 130, 131.

Aryan races of India, number in 1 88 1,
vi. 51. Also chap. iv. pp. 75-131.
The Aryan stock, its European and
Eastern branches, 75 ; the Aryans in
their primitive home, 75, 76 ; Euro-
pean and Indian languages merely
varieties of Aryan speech, 76 ; Indo-
European words, 76 ; common origin
of European and Indian religions, 76 ;
the Indo-Aryans on the march, and
in their new settlements, 76, 77 ; the
Rig- Veda, its supposed dates, 77 ;
Vedic hymns, 78 ; caste and widow
burning unknown to the Rig-Veda,
7S ; Aryan civilisation in the Veda, 79 ;
eastern spread of the Aryans, 79 ; the
gods of the Veda, 79 ; Indra, the Cloud
Compeller or rain-bringer, and Agni,
the God of Fire, 80, 81 ; other Vedic
gods, 81 ; the Brahmanical triad, 81 ;
blood-loving deities of Hinduism
scarcely known in the Veda, 82 ; the
Horse Sacrifice a substitution for
Human Sacrifice, 82; Vedic conceptions
of the Deity, 82 ; a Vedic hymn, 82,
83 ; primitive Aryan burial, 84 ; burn-
ing of the dead, 84, 85 ; Vedic legend
of Yama, the King of Death, 85 ;
Vedic farewell to the dead, 85 ; Vedic



conception of immortality, 86 ; Aryan
advance towards the Jumna and Upper
Ganges, 86 ; Aryan tribes organized
into kingdoms, 87 ; origin of priestly
families, 87 ; growth of the priest-
hood, 87, 88.; the four Vedas, 88 ; the
Brahmanas, 88, 89 ; the Sutras or
sacred traditions, 89 ; formation
of the Brahman caste, 89 ; growth
of the warrior or Kshattriya caste,
89, 90 ; the cultivating caste (Vaisya),
90 ; the four Hindu castes, 90, 91 ;
increase of Brahman, Kshattriya, and
Sudra castes, 91 ; decrease of Vaisyas,
91, 92 ; struggle between the priestly
and warrior castes, 92 ; rising preten-
sion of the Brahmans, 92 ; well-known
prehistoric legendsof Kshattriyas attain-
ing Brahmanhood, 92, 93 ; the Middle-
land, the focus of Brahmanism, 93 ;
Aryan tribes outside the Brahmanical
pale, 93 ; establishment of Brahman
supremacy, 94 ; four stages of a
Brahman's life, 95 ; the Brahman rule
of life and its hereditary results on



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