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243; population, 243, 244; agriculture,

244; manufactures, 244; revenue, 244,

245 ; climate, 245.
Naushahro, town and taluk in Sind, x.

245.
Naushahro Abro, taluk in Sind, x. 245,

246.
Nauthan Duba, village in Bengal, x. 246.
Naval defences of Bombay, iii. 79.
Navasari, town in Baroda. See Nosari.
Navigable canals, article ' India,' vi. 553,

554. See also Canals.
Navpur, port in Bombay, x. 246.
Nawabandar, port in Bombay. See

Nawibandar.
Nawabganj, tahsil in Oudh, x. 246, 247.
Nawabganj, town in Bareilly, Oudh, x.

247.
Nawabganj, pargand in Bara Banki,

Oudh, x. 247.
Nawabganj, administrative head-quarters

of Bara Banki District, Oudh, x. 247,

248.
Nawabganj, pargand in Gonda, Oudh,

x. 248.
Nawabganj, town in Gonda, Oudh, x.

248, 249.



Nawabganj, town in Unao, Oudh, x. 249.

Nawabganj (North Barrackpur Munici-
pality), town in Bengal, x. 249.

Nawabganj, village in Bengal, x. 249.

Nawada, Sub-division in Bengal, x. 249,
250.

Nawada, town in Gaya, Bengal, x. 250.

Nawada, village in Midnapur, Bengal,
x. 250.

Nawagaon, hill range in Central Pro-
vinces, x. 250.

Nawagaon, artificial lake in Central
Provinces, x. 250.

Nawagaon, State in Bundelkhand. See
Naigaon Ribahi.

Nawagarh, fort in Bashahr State, Punjab,
x. 250.

Nawalgarh, town in Rajputana, x. 250.

Nawalgund, Sub-division in Bombay,
x. 250, 251.

Nawalgund, town in Bombay, x. 251.

Nawalpur, petty Bhil State in Bombay,
x. 251.

Nawanagar, Native State in Kathiawar,
x. 251-253.

Nawanagar, chief town of Nawanagar
State, x. 253, 254.

Nawanagar, old town in Bombay, x. 254.

Nawashahr, town and tahsil in Jalandhar,
Punjab, x. 254.

Nawashahr, town in Hazara, Punjab, x.
254,255.

Nawibandar, port in Kathiawar, x. 255.

Na-win, river in Burma, x. 255.

Naya Bagni, one of the chief channels by
which the Pad ma discharges into the
estuary of the Meghna, x. 255.

Naya-Dumka, Sub-division in Bengal, x.
255, 256.

Naya-Dumka, administrative head-quar-
ters of the Santal Parganas District,
Bengal, x. 256.

Nayagaon, State in Bundelkhand. See
Naigaon Ribahi.

Nayagaon, town in N.-W. Provinces, x.
256.

Nayagarh, petty State in Orissa, x. 256,

Nayak and Palegar chieftains of S.

India, vi. 288.
Nayakan-hatti, village in Mysore, x. 257.
Nayanagar, town in Ajmere - Merwara.

See Beawar.
Nazira, village in Assam, x. 257.
Nearchus, Alexander's admiral, the port

at which he stopped, Sonmiani in

Baluchistan, xiii. 61.
Neddiavattam, village in Madras, x. 258.
Nedumangarh, taluk in Travancore, x.

258.
Neemuch, cantonment and town in

Central India. See Nimach.
Negapatam, taluk in Madras, x. 258.



INDEX.



237



Negapatam, town and port in Madras, x.

258, 259.
Negrais, island in Burma. See Haing'

gyi-

Negrais, cape in Burma, x. 259.

Neffl, Col., at Allahabad (1857), i. 187,
188; at Cawnpur (July 1857), iii. 291 ;
sent off Major Renaud to Cawnpur
(June 1857), iv. 425 ; killed at relief of
Lucknow (Sept. 1S57), viii. 514; statue
of, at Madras, ix. 106.

Nekmard, annual fair in Bengal, x. 259.

Nelamangala, taluk in Mysore, x. 259.

Nelamangala, town in Mysore, x. 260.

Nelambiir, town in Malabar, Madras.
See Nilambur.

Nelambiir, town in Coimbatore, Madras.
See Nilambur.

Nelliampati, range of hills in Madras, x.
260.

Nellore, District in Madras, x. 260-271 ;
physical aspects, 260 - 262 ; geology,
261; history, 262-264; population,
264-266 ; agriculture, 266, 267 ; irriga-
tion, 267 ; cattle, 267 ; forests, 267,
268 ; natural calamities, 268 ; manu-
factures, trade, etc., 268-270; admini-
stration, 270; language, 270, 271;
medical aspects, 271.

Nellore, taluk in Madras, x. 271, 272.

Nellore, town in Madras, x. 272, 273.

Nelson, Mr. J., Hindu Law as Adminis-
tered by the High Court of Judicature
at Madras, quoted, article 'India,' vi.
117 (footnote i) ; 195 (footnote 2) ; his
Madura Country, quoted, on Palk's
Bay, xi. 12 ; the Pandya kingdom, xi.

4 2 -

Nelson, Captain, his efforts to reclaim

jungle land in Karnul, viii. 39.
Neo Dhura, pass in N.-W. Provinces, x.

273-

Neotini, town in Oudh, x. 273, 274.

Nepal, independent Native State, x.
274-291 ; boundaries, 274, 275 ; aspect
of the country, 275, 276 ; agriculture,
276, 277 ; products of the soil, 277 ;
animals, 277, 278; minerals, 278;
population, 278, 279 ; land tenures,
279, 280 ; military force, 280 ; re-
venue, 280 ; commerce and trade,
280-282 ; exports and imports, 282,
283 ; coinage and currency, 283, 284 ;
manufactures, 284 ; history, 284-291 ;
trade with, article ' India,' vi. 587-589.

Nepal, War with, article 'India,' vi.
400. See Gurkha war ; Gurkha assist-
ance in the Mutiny, Gurkhas and
Jang Bahadur.

Nepalis, aboriginal hill race, in Cham-
paran, iii. 338 ; Darjiling, iv. 130,
133 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 431.

Ner, town in Bombay, x. 291.



Ner, town in Berar, x. 291.

Nerbudda, Division of Central Provinces.
See Narbada.

Nerbudda, one of the great rivers of
India. See Narbada.

Neri, town in Central Provinces, x. 291.

Neriad, town in Bombay. See Nariad.

Nerini, Mgr., second Vicar-Apostolic of
Ava and Pegu, built Barnabite church
at Syriam, xiii. 158.

Nerla, town in Bombay, x. 291.

Ner Pinglai, town in Berar, x. 291.

Nerur, town in Madras, x. 291.

Nerwar, town in Gwalior State. See
Narwar.

Nestorianism among early Indian Chris-
tians, article ' India,' vi. 236 ; its wide
diffusion, 236, 237 ; its suppression
and downfall, 241-243; Nestorian
remnants, 242, 243.

Net for mosquito curtains, made at
Cachar, iii. 235, 237.

Netai, river in Assam. See Nitai.

Netravati, river in Madras, x. 292.

Neufville, Capt. de, released 5000 cap-
tives after an expedition against the
Singphos, xii. 542.

Nevti, port in Bombay, x. 292.

Newalganj-cum-Maharajganj, two adja-
cent towns in Oudh, x. 292.

Newars, artisans and weavers in Nepal,
x. 284.

Newasa, Sub-division in Bombay, x. 292,

293-

Newasa, town in Bombay, x. 293.

Newbold, his account of the temple of
Kumaraswami in Sandur, xii. 208, 209.

Newspapers, English and vernacular.
See each District article, and especi-
ally Agra, i. 66 ; Ahmadabad, i. 98 ;
Ahmadnagar, i. 107 ; Akola, i. 145 ;
Akyab, i. 158 ; Aligarh, i. 176 ; Allah-
abad, i. 192, 193 ; Amherst, i. 242 ;
Amraoti, i. 251; Amritsar, i. 262;
Assam, i. 372 ; Bassein, ii. 199 ;
Bengal, ii. 321 ; Bombay Presidency,
iii. 71, city, iii. 83 ; Cawnpur, iii.
293 ; Cochin, iv. 8 ; Dacca, iv. 87 ;
Darjiling, iv. 139; Dharwar, iv. 264;
Ellichpur, iv. 347 ; Fatehpur, iv. 431 ;
Ghazipur, v. 69 ; Goa, v. 96 ; Hugh',
v. 496 ; Kaira, vii. 307 ; Kaladgi, vii.
320 ; Karachi, vii. 459 ; Khandesh, viii.
158; Kolhapur, viii. 285; Madras, ix.
116; Madura, ix. 131 ; Malabar, ix.

234 ; Meerut, ix. 390 ; Midnapur, ix.
431; Nagarkoil, x. 158; Nasik, x.

235 ; Nellore, x. 271 ; Oudh, x. 509 ;
Patna, xi. 102 ; Poona, xi. 209 ; Rat-
nagiri, xii. 12 ; Salem, xii. 160 ;
Satara, xii. 284; Serampur ('The
Friend of India '), xii. 328 ; Sherpur
(Maimansingh), xii. 382 ; Sholapur,



2 3 8



INDEX.



xii. 419 ; Sialkot, xii. 448 ; Thana,
xiii. 258 ; Trivandrum, xiii. 370 ;
Twenty - four Parganas, xiii. 397 ;
Uttakamand, xiii. 453.
Neyatankarai, taluk in Travancore, x.

293-
Ngapi, or fish - paste, largely made in
Bassein, ii. 198 ; Lower Burma, iii.
198 ; Hanthawadi, v. 316 ; Rangoon,
xi. 479.
Nga-pi-seip, village in Burma, x. 293.
Nga-pu-taw, township in Burma, x. 293,

294.
Nga-pu-taw, village in Burma, x. 294.
Nga-thaing-chaung, town in Burma, x.
294.

Nga-won, river in Burma. See Bassein.
Niamti, village in Mysore. See Nyamti.

Niaz Muhammad, mutineer leader, de-
feated at Shamsabad by Sir Hope
Grant (1857), iii. 119.

Nibari, village in Assam, x. 294.

Nibrang, pass in Punjab, x. 294.

Nichlaval, village in N.-W. Provinces,
x. 294.

Nicholls, Colonel, took Almora in the
Gurkha war (1815), i. 201, viii. 351.

Nicholson, Admiral, sent to fortify Chit-
tagong for the East India Company
(1685), but only went as far as Hugli,
iii. 436.

Nicholson, Gen., his death at the storm
of Delhi, article 'India,' vi. 421.
Local notices — Monument to, in the
Murgalla pass, x. 18 ; defeated the
mutineers at Najafgarh Jhil, x. 179;
dispersed the mutineers in Peshawar,
xi. 150; commanded the force sent
down to Delhi from the Punjab, xi. 268.

Nickel, found in Jaipur, vii. 52; Raj-
putana, xi. 401.

Nicobars, cluster of islands in the Bay of
Bengal, x. 294-298 ; physical aspects,
295 ; population, 296, 297 ; agricul-
ture, 297 ; history, 297, 298 ; climate,
298.

Nicobarians, physical appearance, lan-
guage, manners, and customs of, x.
296.

Nidadaul, town in Madras, x. 298.

Nidhauli, village in N. -W. Provinces, x.
298.

Nidugal, fortified hill in Mysore, x. 298.

Nighasan, tahsil in Oudh, x. 298, 299.

Nighasan, pargatid in Oudh, x. 299.

Nigohan, pargand in Oudh, x. 299, 300.

Nigohan, town in Oudh, x. 300.

Nigriting, village in Assam, x. 300.

Nihalgarh Chak Jangla, town in Oudh,
x. 300.

Nihals, aboriginal tribe in Berar, ix. 404.

Nihtor, town in N.-W. Provinces, x.
300, 301.



Nijagal, hill in Mysore, x. 301.
Nikaia, town founded by Alexander the
Great, and identified with the modern
town of Mong in Gujrat, vi. 165.
Nikitin, Athanasius, Russian traveller
(1470), mentions Chaul as Chivil, iii.
376.
Nfla Koh, range of mountains in Punjab,

x. 301.
Nilambur, town in Coimbatore, Madras,

x. 301.
Nilambur, town in Malabar, Madras, x.

30I.
Nilangs, tribe on the Himalaya Moun-
tains, v. 412.
Nilapalli, town in Madras, x. 301.
Nil Darpan, a famous modern Bengali

play, article ' India,' vi. 127 ; 354.
Nileswaram, town in Madras, x. 301,

302.
Nilgai, or blue cow, article 'India,' vi.
657. Local notices — In Azamgarh, i.
393 ; Ballia, ii. 19 ; Banda, ii. 47 :
Bara Banki, ii. 106 ; Basti, ii. 209 :
Bombay Presidency, iii. 46 ; Budaun,
iii. 117; Buldana, iii. 143; Cambay,
iii. 271; Cawnpur, iii. 280; Etawan,
iv. 370 ; Fatehpur, iv. 423 ; Godavari,
v. 123; Gurgaon, v. 216; Gwalior,
v. 229 ; Hardoi, v. 322 ; Indore, vii.
2 ; Jalandhar, vii. 85 ; Karauli, vii.
471 ; Karnal, viii. 20; Khandesh, viii.
150; Kheri, viii. 190; Kotah, viii.
304 ; Lahore, viii. 405 ; Lohardaga,
viii. 477 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 91 ;
Mainpuri, ix. 203 ; Mirzapur, ix. 453 ;
Montgomery, ix. 495 ; Moradabad, ix.
505 ; Muttra, x. 45 ; Nawanagar. x.
252 ; Nimar, x. 328 ; Oudh, x. 483 ;
Partabgarh, xi. 69 ; Punjab, xi. 259 ;
Rai Bareli, xi. 353 ; Rampur, xi. 455 ;
Rewa Kantha, xii. 49 ; Saharanpur,
xii. 115; Shahabad, xii. 324; Shah-
jahanpur, xii. 344 ; Sitapur, xiii. 30 ;
Sultanpur, xiii. 97 ; Travancore, xiii.
345 ; Wardha, xiii. 524 ; Wun, xiii.
539-
Nilgiri Hills, District and range of moun-
tains in Madras, x. 302-325 ; jurisdic-
tion, 302, 303 ; history, 303 ; physical
aspects, 303-308 ; the s/iolds and their
flora, 305-308; population, 308-313;
hill tribes, 3°9-3 I 3; the Todas, 309,
310; the Badagas, 310, 311 ; the
Kotas, 311 ; the Kurumbas, 311, 312;
the Irulas, 312; agriculture, 313-319;
coffee, 313; tea, 313-316; cinchona,
316-318; ordinary crops, 318, 319;
tenures and waste land rules, 319-321 ;
natural calamities, 321 ; means of
communication, 321 ; manufactures
: and trade, 321 ; institutions, 321,
i 322 ; monumental remains, 322, 323 ;



INDEX.



239



forests, 323, 324 ; administration, 324,

325 ; medical aspects, 325 ; article

* India,' vi. 36.
Nilgiri, Native State in Orissa, x. 325,

326.
Nilkant Shah, last Gond king of Chanda,

conquered by Raghuji Bhonsla (1749),

and died in confinement, iii. 349.
Nil Nag, lake in Kashmir, x. 326.
Nilphamari, village and Sub-division in

Bengal, x. 326.
Nilvala, petty State in Kathiawar, x. 326.
Nimach, town and cantonment in Central

India, x. 326, 327.
Nimal, town in Punjab. See Namal.
Nimar, District in Central Provinces, x.

327-335; physical aspects, 327-329 ;

history, 329-331; population. 331-

333 5 agriculture, 333, 334 ; commerce

and trade, 334 ; administration, 334,

335 ; medical aspects, 335.
Nimchas, tribe in the Hindu Kush, v.

417.
Nimgiri, range of mountains in Madras,

x - 335-

Nimkhar, town in Oudh, x. 335, 336.

Nimkhera, petty State in Central India,
x. 336.

Nimrana, town in Rajputana, x. 336.

Nimunia, village in Bengal, x. 336.

Nindo Shahr, village in Sind, x. 336.

Nipani, town in Bombay, x. 336.

Niphad, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, x. 337.

Nir, village in Oudh, x. 337.

Nirgunda, village in Mysore, x. 337.

Nirmal, fortified town in Deccan, x. 338.

Nirvana, Buddhist docrine of, vi. 142.

Nitai, river in Assam, x. 338.

Niti, pass in Punjab, x. 338.

Nitre, found in Afghanistan, i. y] ;
Upper Burma, iii. 211.

Nityanand, disciple of Chaitanya, re-
sided at Khardah, now a place of
Vaishnav pilgrimage, viii. 167.

Nizam AH, fourth Nizam (1761), granted
the N. Circars, except Gantur, to the
East India Company (1766), iii. 469,
v. 250 ; his treaties with Haidar Ali
(1767, 1779), iii. 469; granted Cudda-
pah in jdgir to Raymond, iv. 49 ;
his subsidiary treaty with the English
(1766), v. 250; his wars with Tipu
and the Marathas, and subsidiary
treaty of 1800, x. 251 ; defeated by
the Marathas at Kharda (1795), viii.
166; sacked Poona (1763), xi. 212;
his desertion of the English (1767),
and rejoining them (1768), xii. 154.

Nizampatam, port in Madras, x. 338.

Nizam's Dominions, State in the Deccan.
See Haidarabad.

Nizam Shahi, Muhammadan dynasty in



S. India (1490-1636), article 'India.'
vi. 288.

Nizam-ul-Mulk, The first. .S'^Asaf Jab.

Noakhali, District in Bengal, x. 338-
352; physical aspects, 338-341 :
history, 341 - 343 ; population, 343-
347 ; material condition of the people.
346 ; agriculture, 347 ; land tenures.
348, 349 ; natural calamities, 349,
350; commerce and trade, 350; ad-
ministration, 350-352 ; medical aspects.
352.

Noakhali, Sub-division in Bengal, x. 352.

Noakhali, town in Bengal. See Sud-
haram.

Noarband, outpost in Assam, x. 352,

353-

Nobilis, Robert de, founder of the
Madras Jesuits (1606-56), article
'India,' vi. 245. Local notices — In
Madras Presidency, ix. 25 ; Madura,
ix. 122 ; his life and teaching, ix. 125,
126; visited Salem (1623), xii. 154.

Noble, his missionary labours at Masuli-
patam (1841-65) College there, called
after him, ix. 354.

Nobra, tract of country in Kashmir, x.

353-

Noer, Count von, Life of Akbar, quoted,
on Panipat, xi. 44.

Noh, town and tahsil in the Punjab.
See Nuh.

Nohar, fort in Bahawalpur State. See
Islamgarh.

Nolan, Mr., quoted, on Sirajganj and its
river trade, xii. 547-550.

Nomadic cultivation, article ' India,' vi.
9 ; 47, 48 ; 522 ; the merits and de-
structiveness of, vi. 528. Local notices
— Under ^ the various names of jiuii.
dahya, taungya, etc., in Akyab, i. 156 :
Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 301 ; Assam, i.
362; Baragai, ii. 117 ; Betiil, ii. 331 ;
Bonai, iii. 87; Biirhapara, iii. 165,
166 ; Lower Burma, iii. 192 ; Central
Provinces, iii. 308, 309 ; Chittagong
Hill Tracts, iii. 450, 451 ; Daphla
Hills, iv. 119; Darjiling, iv. 134:
Dungarpur, iv. 322 ; Eastern Dwars,
iv. 329, 333 ; ^aro Hills, v. 30 ; Goa,
v. 89 ; Haung-tharaw, v. 358 ; Hill
Tipperah, v. 395, 400 ; Jaintia Hills,
vii. 49; Jalpaiguri, vii. 112; by the
Juangs, vii. 250 ; North Kanara, vii.



572 ; South Kanara,



379 ; Kan-



ker, vii. 434 ; by the Karens, viii. 5 ;
Karond, viii. 46 ; Khasi Hills, viii.



177 ; Kyauk-pyii,



587 ; Lalmai



Hills, viii. 458 ; Lushai Hills, vm.
530; Maikal Hills, ix. 190; MandhL
ix. 305 ; Manipur, ix. 330, 331 •
Mikir Hills, ix. 436 ; Naga Hills, x.
150, 151; Nowgong, x. 409; Orissa



240



INDEX.



Tributary States, x. 475, 476 ; Prome,
xi. 232 ; Rampa Hills, xii. 454 ;
Salwin Hill Tracts, xii. 175 ; Satara,
xii. 280 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii. 383 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 432 ; Sirohi, xiii. 5 ;
Sylhet, xiii. 150; Thayet-myo, xiii.
284 ; Travancore, xiii. 345.
Nonai, the name of two rivers in Assam,

x. 353-

Non-Aryan or aboriginal races, article
'India,' vi. 51, 52. See also Abori-
ginal tribes, vi. chap, iii., and Appendix

v. 693.

Non-Aryan rites, merging into Hinduism,

article ' India,' vi. 207.
Non-Asiatic population of British India,

article ' India, vi. Appendix VII.

695, and Population section of each

District article.
Nong-khlao, petty State in Khasi Hills,

Assam, x. 353.
Nong-krem, village in Khasi Hills, x.

353, 354-

Nong-soh-phoh, petty State in Khasi
Hills, Assam, x. 354.

Nong-spung, petty State in Khasi Hills,
Assam, x. 354.

Nong-stoin, petty State in Khasi Hills,
Assam, x. 354.

Nong-tar-men, petty State in Khasi
Hills, Assam, x. 354.

Normal schools, article ' India,' vi. 479.
See the Administration section of each
District article, and especially Am-
ritsar, i. 262 ; Benares, ii. 267 ; Dacca,
iv. 87 ; Tezpur, iv. 149 ; Goal para, v.
119; Lahore, viii. 412; Bhanpur in
Midnapur, ix. 432 ; Nagpur, x. 174 ;
Patna, xi. 105; Poona, xi. 213; Sial-
kot, xii. 449; Sylhet, xiii. 156.

Norman, Mr., quoted, on the date of
the Tanjore temple, xiii. 195.

Northbrook, Earl of, Viceroy of India
(1872-76), deposition of the Gaek-
war of Baroda, visit of the Prince of
Wales to India, article ' India,' vi.
425, 426.

North Lakhimpur, village and Sub-
division in Assam. See Lakhimpur.

North-West Passage, attempts to reach
India by way of the, article ' India,'
vi. 363-

North - Western Provinces and Oudh,
Lieut. -Governorship and Chief Com-
missionership of British India, x. 354-
404 ; physical aspects, 355-361 ; table
of area and population, 356; rivers,
360, 361 ; lakes and //u'ls, 361 ; canals,
361; history, 361-370; population,
37°"375 5 density, 371 ; religion and
caste, 371-373; occupations, 373, 374;
urban and rural population, 374 ; chief
cities, 374, 375 ; agriculture, 375"38o 5



general remarks, 376 ; wheat, 376,
2,77 ; other food staples, 377 ; non-
food crops, 377 ; tea, 377-379 5 to-
bacco, 379 ; opium, 379, 380 ; forests,
jungle products, etc., 380-382; trees,
gums, dyes, 380, 381 ; fibres, 381 ;
lac, 381 ; fruits and vegetables, 381,
382 ; irrigation, 382, 383 ; land tenures,
383-387 ; rent, s^7, 388 ; classes of
cultivators, 389, 390 ; condition of the
peasantry, 390 ; natural calamities,
390-392; commerce, trade, etc., 392-
396 ; exports and imports, 392, 393 ;
centres of trade, 393 ; analysis of trade,
393, 394; trading castes, 394, 395;
artistic handicrafts, 395, 396 ; factories
and manufactures by steam, 396 ;
communications, 396, 397 ; admini-
stration, 397, 398 ; revenue and ex-
penditure, 398, 399 ; excise, 399 :
police, 399, 400 ; jails and criminal
statistics, 400 ; municipalities, 400 ;
university education, 400, 401 ; general
State education, 401-403; language,
403 ; medical aspects, 403, 404.

Nosari, division in Baroda, x. 404, 405.

Nosari, town in Baroda, x. 405.

Nott, General Sir W. , his march from
Kandahar to Kabul (1842), article
' India,' vi. 408, 409. Local notices —
Held Khelat (1840), ii. 31 ; recaptured
Ghazni (1842), v. 72; his defence of
Kandahar, vii. 393, 394 ; his rear-guard
attacked in retiring through the Khai-
bar Pass (1842), viii. 127.

Nova Castelho, Juan de, visited Cochin
(1501), iv. 11.

Nowgong, District in Assam, x. 405-415 ;
physical aspects, 406, 407 ; history,
407, 408; population, 408-410; ma-
terial condition of the people, 410,
411; agriculture, 411, 412; natural
calamities, 412 ; manufactures, 412 ;
commerce and trade, 412, 413 ; tea
cultivation, 413 ; administration, 413,
414 ; education, 414 ; medical aspects,

414, 415.
Nowgong, town in Assam, x. 415.
Nowgong, town and cantonment in Bun-

delkhand, x. 415, 416.
Nowshera, town, cantonment, and tahsil

in Peshawar, Punjab. See Naushahra.
Nowshera, town in Hazara District,

Punjab. See Nawashahr.
Nowshero, taluk in Sind. See Nau-

shahro Abro.
Nowshero, Sub-division, taluk> and town

in Sind. See Naushahro.
Noyagni, pass in Kashmir. See Nabog

Nai.
Noyil, river in Madras, x. 416.
Nuddea, District, Sub-division, and town

in Bengal. See Nadiya.



INDEX.



241



Niih, tahsilxn Punjab, x. 416, 417.
Nun, town in Punjab, x. 417.
Nujikal, river in S. India, x. 417.
Numismata Orientalia (Ceylon fasc),

article ' India,' vi. 167 (footnote 2).
Nun, river in Orissa, x. 417.
Nuna, embankment in Orissa, x. 417.
Nundy, village in Mysore. See Nandi.
Nundydroog, Division and hill fort in

Mysore. See Nandidrug.
Nuniyas, saltpetre makers in Cham-

paran, iii. 338, 343 ; Saran, xii. 251.
Nurabad, town in Gwalior State, x. 417,

418.
Nur Jahan, the Queen of the Emperor

Jahangir, article ' India,' vi. 301.

Local notices — Her mausoleum at Shah-

dara, Lahore, viii. 416, xii. 341 ; built

the Dargah of Shah Pir at Meerut,

jx- 393-
Nur Mahal, town in Punjab, x. 41S.
Nur Muhammad, second Kalhora ruler of

Sind (1719-54), his wars with Nadir

Shah and Ahmad Shah, xii. 512.
Niirokal-betta, peak in Coorg, x. 418.
Nurpur, lahsil in Punjab, x. 418.
Nurpur, town in Punjab, x. 418, 419.
Nur-ud-din Bamizai, general of Ahmad

Shah Durani, laid waste Shahpur(i757),

xii. 361, 362.
Nusseerabad, cantonment in Ajmere. See

Nasirabad.
Nusseerabad, tdhik and town in Sind.

See Nasirabad.
Nusseerabad, town inOudh. See Nasirabad.
Nusseerabad, town in Bombay. See

Nasirabad.
Nusseerabad, town in Bengal. See

Nasirabad.
Nutmegs, grown in the Palni Moun-
tains, xi. 19 ; in Taung-ngu, xiii. 225 ;

in Tavoy, xiii. 231.
Nuzvid, town and estate in Madras, x.

420.
Nyamti, village in Mysore, x. 420.
Nyaung-dun, town in Burma, x. 420.
Nyaya, one of the six darsanas or Brah-

manical schools of philosophy, vi. 99.
Nyehatti, town in Bengal. See Naihati.



Oakeley, Sir Charles, Governor of Madras
(1792-94), ix. 67.

Oak trees, found in Bhutan, ii. 414;
Cachar, iii. 234 ; Dehra Dun, iv. 169 ;
Dhaola Dhar, iv. 245 ; Himalaya
Mountains, v. 409 ; on the Hpyu river,
v. 466 ; Mount Jako, vii. 74 ; Kangra,
vii. 411 ; Kedar Kanta, viii. 109 ;
Khasi Hills, viii. 173 ; Kulu, viii.
33 6 > 337, 33% J Manipur, ix. 325 ;
VOL. XIV.



Murree Hills, x. iS ; Nepal, x. 276,
277 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 21 ; Mount
Sakeswar, xii. 145 ; Simla, xii. 497 ;
Sirmur, xii. 555.

Oats, cultivated in Agra, i. 64 ; Bareilly,
ii. 142; Basti, ii. 211 ; Benares, ii.
258; Budaun, iii. 120; Cawnpur, iii.
285 ; Faridpur, iv. 403 ; Fatehpur, iv.
427 ; Ghazipur, v. 67 ; Gorakhpur, v.
169 ; Jaunpur, vii. 155 ; Maimansingh,
ix. 195 ; Meerut, ix. 387 ; Nilgiri
Hills, x. 313.

Obalagandi, pass in Madras. See Abla-
gundi.

Obelisks. See Monuments.

Observatories, at Benares, ii. 265 ; Jaipur,
vii. 60, 61 ; Kolaba, viii. 270 ; Leh,
viii. 469 ; Lucknow, viii. 509 ; Madras,
ix. 117; Manora, ix. 339; Rurki, xii.
86 ; Sagar Island, xii. 1 10 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 365 ; Trivandrum, xiii. 369 ;
Ujjain, xiii. 418.

Occupation basis of caste, article ' India,'
vi. 196, 197.

Ochres, red or yellow, found in Alwar,
i. 203 ; Balagliat, i. 454 ; Bhandara,
ii. 361 ; Chanda, iii. 349 ; Dera Ismail
Khan, iv. 220 ; Gurgaon, v. 216 ;
Jehlam, vii. 167 ; Mysore, x. 92 ;
Raipur, xi. 368 ; Wun, xiii. 539.

Ochterlony, General Sir David, his cam-
paignsin Nepal ( 1 8 14- 1 5), article ' India,'
vi. 400, 401. Local notices — De-
fended the Residency of Delhi against
Holkar (1804), iv. 193; his advance
against the Gurkhas, iv. 204 ; occupied
Ludhiana as political agent for the
cis-Sutlej States (1809), viii. 526;
his capture of Malaun, ix. 237 ;
marched against Ranjit Singh to pro-
tect Maler Kotla (1808), ix. 255 ; laid
out cantonment at Nasirabad, x. 239,
his campaigns in Nepal, x. 288, 289 ;
took Ramgarh (1814), xi. 448 ; expelled
the Gurkhas from Sirmur, xiii. 554.

Ochterlony, Colonel James, quoted, on
the Todas, x. 309, 310 ; valley called
after, x. 421.

Ochterlony, valley in Madras, x. 421.

Oculists, family of native, at Kurauli,
viii. 371.

Od, town in Bombay, x. 421.

Oel, town in Oudh, x. 421.

Oil, pressed in South Arcot, i. 326 ;
Bakarganj, i. 447 ; Bhaunagar, ii. 3S0 ;
Berar, v. 271 ; Kadur, vii. 287 ; Kal-
meshwar, vii. 339 ; North Kanara, vii.
3J3 ; South Kanara, vii. 376, ix. 54 ;
Kolaba, viii. 269 ; Kolar, viii. 277 ;
Kyauk-pyii, viii. 387 ; Magura, ix.
141 ; Morasa, ix. 516; Nandurbar, x.
195 ; Naushahro, x. 244 ; Nawanagar,
x. 253 ; Phaltan, xi. 164 ; Rawal
Q



242



INDEX.



Pindi, xii. 32, 38 ; Shahdadpur, xii.
341; Shimoga, xii. 404; Sholapur,
xii. 418 ; Sihor, xii. 476 ; Sindi, xii.
526 ; Sonmiani, xiii. 61 ; Talegaon
Dabhara, xiii. 166 ; Tumkur, xiii. 379 ;
Walajapet, xiii. 515.

Oil, Mineral. See Petroleum.



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