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Oil-seeds, Cultivation of, article ' India,'
vi. 489. Local notices — Ajmere-Mer-
wara, i. 125; Akola, i. 144; Aligarh,
i. 175; Allahabad, i. 189; Alwar,
i. 205 ; Amraoti, i. 248 ; North Arcot,
i. 316; South Arcot, i. 323; Assam,
i. 362 ; Badakshan, i. 407 ; Bahraich,
i. 431 ; Bakarganj, i. 445 ; Balaghat,
i. 455 ; Balasinor, i. 460 ; Banda, ii.
51 ; Bangalore, ii. 63 ; Bankura, ii. 83 ;
Bardwan, ii. 130; Baroda, ii. 164;
Basim, ii. 186; Bastar, ii. 206; Bel-
gaum, ii. 235 ; Bellary, ii. 245 ; Bengal,
ii. 271, 303; Betul, ij. 331; Bhagal-
pur, ii. 348 ; Bhandara, ii. 364 ; Bilas-
pur, ii. 450 ; Birbhum, iii. 5 ; Bogra,
iii. 29 ; Bombay, iii. 53, 54 ; Bonai,
iii. 86 ; Broach, iii. 107 ; Buldana, iii.
146; Bundelkhand, iii. 152; Bundi,
iii. 159 ; Lower Burma, iii. 189 ;
Upper Burma, iii. 210; Cachar, iii.
236 ; Cawnpur, iii. 285 ; Central Pro-
vinces, iii. 318; Champaran, iii. 341 ;
Chanda, iii. 352 ; Chengalpat, iii.
386 ; Chhindwara, iii. 401 ; Chital-
driig, iii. 426 ; Chittagong, iii. 439 ;
Coimbatore, iv. 18 ; Coorg, iv. 36 ;
Cuddapah, iv. 52 ; Cuttack, iv. 71 ;
Dacca, iv. 85 ; Damoh, iv. in ; Dan-
gurli, iv. 117; Darbhangah, iv. 125;
Darjiling, iv. 134; Dera Ghazi Khan,
iv. 214 ; Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 224 ;
Dhar, iv. 246 ; Dinajpur, iv. 294 ;
Dungarpur, iv. 323 ; Eastern Dwars,
iv. 333 ; Edar, iv. 337 ; Ellichpur, iv.
345 ; Faizabad, iv. 384 ; Faridpur, iv.
403 ; Firozpur, iv. 447 ; Gangpur, iv.
478 ; Ganjam, v. 6 ; Gaya, v. 49 ;
Goalpara, v. 116; Godavari, v. 127;
Gujrat, v. 193; Gurdaspur, v. 211 ;
Gurgaon, v. 220 ; Gwalior, v. 228 ;
Haidarabad, v. 245 ; Berar, v. 270 ;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 280; Hassan,
v. 349 ; Hissar, v. 430 ; Hoshangabad,
v. 446 ; Hoshiarpur, v. 455 ; Howrah,
v. 463 ; Hiigli, v. 494 ; Indore, vii. 2 ;
Jabalpur, vii. 33 ; Jaipur, vii. 52 ;
Jalalabad, vii. 75 ; Jalpaiguri, vii.
112, 113; Jashpur, vii. 146; Jessor,
vii. 187 ; Jhansi, vii. 223 ; Junagarh,
vii. 262 ; Kaladgi, vii. 318 ; Kamriip,
vii. 354, 362 ; Karnul, viii. 37 ;
Karond, viii. 46 ; Kawardha, viii. 106 ;
Khandesh, viii. 156; Kistna, viii. 230;
Kolabira, viii. 271 ; Kolar, viii. 276;
Korea, viii. 297 ; Kiilu, viii. 342, 343 ;



Kumaun, viii. 354 ; Lahore, viii. 410 ;
Lakhimpur, viii. 433 ; Larkhana, viii.
463 ; Lohardaga, viii. 483 ; Madras,
ix. 30 ; Madura, ix. 128, 129 ; Maiman-
singh, ix. 195 ; Malabar, ix. 229, 230 ;
Maldah, ix. 244; Mallani, ix. 261;
Manbhum, ix. 283 ; Mandla, ix. 304 ;
Manipur, ix. 331 ; Meerut, ix. 387 ;
Mehar, ix. 397 ; Mergui, ix. 409 ;
Midnapur, ix. 429 ; Mirzapur, ix. 458 ;
Mohanpur, ix. 474 ; Montgomery, ix.
498 ; Multan, x. 7 ; Murshidabad, x.
26 ; Mysore State, x. 100, District,
x. 119; Nadiya, x. 135, 136; Nagpur,
x. 170; Narsinghpur, x. 221; Nasik,
x. 232 ; Nepal, x. 277 ; Nimar, x.
333 ; Noakhali, x. 347 : N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 377; Nowgong, x. 411 ;
Orissa, x. 459 ; Oudh, x. 501 ; Pabna,
x. 515; Pal Lahara, xi. 13; Palni
Mountains, xi. 19 ; Panch Mahals, xi.
32 ; Patna District, xi. 101, State,
xi. 115; Peshawar, xi. 153 ; Phuljhar,
xi. 168 ; Poona, xi. 207 ; Punjab, xi.
278 ; Puri, xi. 306 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ;
Raipur, xi. 373 ; Rairakhol, xi. 378 ;
Rajpipla, xi. 392 ; Rajputana, xi. 418 ;
Rajshahi, xi. 433 ; Rangpur, xi. 496 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 8 ; Rawal Pindi, xii.
29 ; Sagar, xii. 105 ; Sakti, xii. 148 ;
Salem, xii. 161 ; Sambalpur, xii. 183 ;
Santal Parganas, xii. 232 ; Saran, xii.
257 ; Sarangarh, xii. 260 ; Sargiija, xii.
268 ; Satara, xii. 281 ; Savanur, xii.
293 ; Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Shahabad,
xii. 329 ; Shahpur, xii. 365 ; Shikarpur,
xii. 393 ; Sholapur, xii. 415 ; Sialkot,
xii. 446 ; Sibi, xii. 455 ; Sibsagar, xii.
466 ; Sikkim, xii. 486 ; Sind, xii. 520 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 538 ; Sirohi, xiii. 5 ;
Sirsa, xiii. 16 ; Sitapur, xiii. 34, 35 ;
Sonpur, xiii. 63; Supa, xiii. 116;
Surat, xiii. 126 ; Sylhet, xiii. 152 ;
Tanjore, xiii. 188; Tarai, xiii. 209;
Thar and Parkar, xiii. 269 ; Thayet-
myo, xiii. 283 ; Tigaria, xiii. 294 ;
Tinnevelli, xiii. 306 ; Tipperah, xiii.
317 ; Tumkur, xiii. 378 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 394, 395 ; Udaipur
State, xiii. 402 ; Udaipur (Bengal),
xiii. 412 ; Upper Sind Frontier, xiii.
446 ; Wardha, xiii. 526 ; Wun, xiii.

543-

Oil-seeds, Export of, article ' India,' vi.
573, 574. Trade in, centres of, Dacca,
iv. 91 ; Dhulia, iv. 282 ; Godna, v.
136; Patna, xi. ill, 112; Sahibganj,
xii. 135 ; Saifganj, xii. 141 ; Sherpur
(Maimansingh), xii. 382 ; Sirajganj,
xii. 548; Sirsa, xiii. 21; Somastipur,
xiii. 50 ; Wardha, xiii. 527.

Okhaldanga, village in N.-W. Provinces,
x. 421.



INDEX.



243



Ok-kan, river in Burma, x. 421, 422.

Ok-kan, village in Burma, x. 422.

Old Agartala, village in Hill Tipperah

State. See Agartala, Old.
Oldenberg, Professor Hermann, BuddJia,

his Life, his Doctrines, his Order,

quoted, article ' India,' vi. 161 (foot-
note 3).
Oldham, Dr., geologist, accompanied

Major Phayre's expedition to Burma

(1855), n i- 226; quoted, on the Rani-

ganj coal-fields, xi. 504, 505.
Old Maldah, town in Bengal. See

Maldah.
Old Udaipur, village and ruins in Hill

Tipperah State, x. 422.
Oliphant, Colonel, designed the bridge

over the Musi at Haidarabad, v. 253.
Oliver, Mr., Commissioner of Sirsa,

founded Ellenabad, iv. 344 ; and

Fazilka (1846), iv. 436.
Olpad, town and Sub-division in Bombay,

x. 423.
Omatwara, tract of country in Central

India, x. 423.
Ongole, taluk in Madras, x. 423, 424.
Ongole, town in Madras, x. 424.
Onions, grown in Akola, i. 143 ; North

Arcot, i. 316 ; Bombay, iii. 81 ; Upper

Burma, iii. 210; Dungarpur, iv. 323;

Goa, v. 93 ; Haidarabad State, v. 245 ;

Jhabua, vii. 195 ; Madras, ix. 30 ;

Nilgiri Hills, x. 313 ; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 382 ; Sibsagar, xii. 466 ;

Tanjore, xiii. 187 ; Thayet-myo, xiii.

283 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 306 ; Wellington,

xiii. 536.
Onslow, A. P., Collector of Ganjam,

founded and endowed the school at

Chatrapur, iii. 375.
Onyxes, cut in Cambay, iii. 274 ; found

in Kapadwanj, vii. 439.
Oodeynullah, battle-field in Bengal. See

Udhanala.
Oodeypore, Native State and town in

Rajputana. See Udaipur.
Oojein, town in Central India. See

Ujjain.
Ook-kan, village and river in Burma.

See Ok-kan.
Oomercote, town and taluk in Sind. See

Umarkot.
Oomrawuttee, District and town in

Berar. See Amraoti.
Oomta, town in Baroda. See Umta.
Oorcha, Native State and town in Bun-

delkhand. See Orchha.
Ooreettaung, East and West, townships

and pagoda in Burma. See Urit-taung.
Oossoor, town in Madras. See Hosur

and Usur.
Ootacamund, hill station in Madras. See

Utakamand.



Oot-hpo, township and town in Burma.
See Ot-po.

Oot-poo, revenue circle in Burma. See
Ut-pu.

Opals, found in Madura, ix. 122.

Ophir, Solomon's, placed by Benfey,
Renaud, and Reland at Sopara, xiii.
65.

Ophthalmia, prevalent in Ahmadnagar,
i. 107; Ajmere - Menvara, i. 131 ;
Bellary, ii. 249; Bijnaur, ii. 435;
Chengalpat, iii. 388 ; Dacca, iv. 89 ;
Damoh, iv. 113; Haidarabad (State),
v. 243; Hissar, v. 433; Jalalabad,
vn - 75 '■> Jehlam, vii. 176 ; Khairpur,
viii. 137; Kheri, viii. 198; Kotah,
viii. 307 ; Larkhana, viii. 465 ; Lud-
hiana, viii. 525 ; Partabgarh, xi. 74 ;
Prome, xi. 235.

Opium, Excise duty on, article ' India,'
vi. 455 ; cultivation of, in Bengal
and Malwa, 498, 499 ; export of,
499 ; Bengal opium system, 499.
Local notices — Cultivated in Agra, i.
64; Ajmere-Merwara, i. 125; Allah-
abad, i. 189 ; Alwar, i. 205 ; Ambala,
i. 220; Amjhera, i. 244; Badakshan,
i. 407 ; Bahraich, i. 431 ; Ballia, ii.
21 ; Banda, ii. 51 ; Bangalore, ii. 63 ;
Bara Banki, ii. no; Baroda, ii. 164;
Bengal, ii. 271, 304, 305 ; Bijnaur, ii.
432 ; Budaun, iii. 120 ; Buldana, iii.
146; Bundi, iii. 159; Cambay, iii.
271 ; Cawnpur, iii. 285 ; Central
India, iii. 295 ; Champaran, iii. 341 ;
Daphla Hills, iv. 119; Deoria, iv.
206 ; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 214 ;
Devanhalli, iv. 231 ; Dhami, iv. 239;
Dhar, iv. 246 ; Dungarpur, iv. 323 ;
Etah, iv. 362 ; Etawah, iv. 374 ;
Faizabad, iv. 384 ; Gaya, v. 49, 50 ;
Ghazipur, v. 69 ; Goona, v. 159 ;
Gwalior, v. 228 : Hardoi, v. 326 ;
Hazaribagh, v. 375 ; Herat, v. 391 ;
Hindur, v. 420 ; Indore, vii. 2, 4 ;
Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Jais, vii. 65 ; Jalal-
abad, vii. 75 ; Jalandhar, vii. 88 ;
Jaora, vii. 142; Jaunpur, vii. 156;
Jhalawar, vii. 200 ; Jodhpur, vii. 23S ;
Kahlur, vii. 294; Karanja (C.P.),
vii. 468; Keonthal, viii. 115; Khil-
chipur, viii. 200 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ;
Kotah, viii. 306 ; Kulu, viii. 342 ;
Lucknow, viii. 498 ; Madras, ix. 30 ;
Maksudangarh, ix. 215 ; Western
Malwa, ix. 269 ; Mandi, ix. 29S ;
Mangal, ix. 312 ; Mirzapur, ix. 45S ;
Monghyr, ix. 485 ; Muhammadgarh,
ix. 531 ; Muzaffarpur, x. 81 ; Neotini,
x. 274; Nepal, x. 277; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 379, 380; Oudh, x. 501;
Partabgarh District, xi. 71, State, xi.
76; Patna District, xi. 101-103; Rai



244



INDEX.



Bareli, xi. 355; Rajgarh, xi. 3S6 ;

Rajputana, xi. 418; Rohna, xii. 63;

Sailana, xii. 142 ; Sangri, xii. 220 ;

Santal Parganas, xii. 232 ; Saran, xii.

251, 255; Shahabad, xii. 329; Shah-
pur, xii. 365 ; Simla, xii. 493 ; Sirmur,

xii. 555 ; Sitamau, xiii. 26 ; Sitapur,

xiii. 35 ; Sultanpur, xiii. 100 ; Udai-

pur, xiii. 402 ; Unao, xiii. 432.
Opium factories, in Behar, ii. 224 ;

Ghazipur, v. 69, 71; Indore, vii. 4;

Patna, xi. 103.
Opium smoking and eating, prevalent in

Hazara, v. 366 ; Kamrup, vii. 365 ;

among the Kotas, viii. 301 ; in Lak-

himpur, viii. 431.
Opium-trade, Centres of, Beawar, ii. 222;

Jaggayapet, vii. 42 ; Khamgaon, viii.

143 ; Ratlam, xii. 2 ; Ujjain, xiii.

417.
Oppert, Dr., on the language of the

Todas, x. 310.
Orai, town and tahsil in the N.-W. Pro-
vinces. See Urai.
Orakzais, tribe in Afghanistan, i. 42.
Oranges, grown in Allahabad, i. 190 ;

Assam, i. 362 ; Upper Burma, iii.

210; Cherra, iii. 392; Coorg, iv. 38;

Ellichpur, iv. 345 ; Golconda, v. 145 ;

Nagpur, v. 245 ; Kalhatti, vii. 325 ;

North Kanara, vii. 372 ; Kangra, vii.

412; Karachi, vii. 452; Karond, viii.

46 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 171, 177 ;

Khyrim, viii. 315 ; Kumaun, viii. 354;

Lahore, viii. 410 ; Lakhimpur, viii.

433 ; Mao-don, ix. 343 ; Mergui, ix.

410 ; Mishmi Hills, ix. 463 ; Muzaffar-

garh, x. 57 ; Nepal, x. 276 ; Nilgiri

Hills, x. 313 ; N.-W. Provinces, x.

381 ; Oudh, x. 482 ; Palni Mountains,

xi. 19 ; Shalamar Gardens, xii. 374 ;

Sheila, xii. ^78 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii.

383 ; Siddhapur, xii. 473 ; Sikkim,

xii. 486; Sind, xii. 520; Sitapur, xiii.

35 ; Tavoy, xiii. 232 ; Jacobabad, xiii.

446 ; Wellington, xiii. 536.
Orchha, Native State in Bundelkhand,

x. 425, 426.
Orchha, old capital of Orchha State,

x. 426.
Orchids, found in the Andaman Islands,

i. 282; Khasi Hills, viii. 173; Madras

Presidency, ix. 87; the Melghat, ix.

403.

Ordeal, Trial by, among the hill tribes in
the Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 301.

Origin of Christianity in India, its con-
nection with St. Thomas the Apostle,
article ' India,' vi. 229.

Orissa, Division and Commissionership
in Bengal, x. 426-468; physical aspects,
426-428 ; the Orissa delta and rivers,
427, 428; history, 428-432; table of



area and population, 432 ; population,
433 " 437 '■> municipal statistics, 433 ;
religious classification, 434; Hinduism,
434-436 ; Muhammadans, 436 ; abori-
ginal tribes, 436 ; Christians, 436, 437 ;
the shrine and worship of Jagannath,
437-458 ; the sanctity of Orissa, 437,
43S ; history of Jagannath, 438-440 ;
Vishnuism, 440, 441 ; history of the
temple at Puri, 441, 442; Kabir, 442,
443 ; Chaitanya, 443, 444 ; Vallabha-
Swami, 444, 445 ; the wealth of Jagan-
nath, 445, 446 ; the temple at Puri,
447, 448 ; festivals, 448 ; the Car
Festival, 448, 449 ; pilgrimages to
Puri, 450-458 ; pilgrim hospitals, 458 ;
agriculture, 45S, 459 ; land revenue,
459 ; trade, 460 ; communications,
460, 461 ; education, 461, 462 ; muni-
cipalities, 462; natural calamities, 462,
463 ; sea inundations, 463 ; the famine
of 1866, 463-467; medical aspects,
467, 468; article 'India,' annexed to
the Mughal Empire by Akbar's Hindu
general, Raja Todar Mall (1574), vi.
294; ceded to the British (1803) by
the Nagpur Bhonsla on the termination
of the second Maratha war, 398 ; the
famine of 1866, 424; 542; settlement
of the land revenue, 445 ; canal system,

534-

Orissa Tributary States, a cluster of
seventeen dependent territories, x. 468-
478 ; table of the names, area, popula-
tion, tribute, and estimated revenue of
each State, 469 ; boundaries, 469 ;
general aspect of the country, 469-471 ;
rivers, 470, 471 ; minerals, 471 ;
population, 472 - 475 ; the Kandhs,
472 - 474 ; occupations, 474, 475 ;
religion and caste, 475 ; agriculture,
475; 476 ; trade and communications,
476 ; forests, 476 ; administration,
476 - 478 ; education, 477 ; climate,
etc., 478.

Orissa Canal System. See Mahanadi
river.

Orissa, by Sir W. W. Hunter, quoted,
article ' India,' vi. 91 (footnote); 173
(footnote 1); 193 (footnote 1) ; 194
(footnote 5); 215 (footnote 1) ; 224
(footnote 4) ; 225 (footnotes 2, 4, and
6) ; 343 (footnote 2).

Orme's Military Transactions in In-
doslan, quoted, article 'India,' vi. 379
(footnote) ; 380 (footnote 2). Local
notices — Robert Orme born at An-
jengo, i. 292 ; his works quoted, on
Karwaitnagar, viii. 52 ; Kondavir, viii.
287 ; his ms. volumes in the India
Office, ix. 9 ; quoted, on the siege of
Madras (1758), ix. 123; on the Kallars,
ix. 127; Masulipatam, ix. 353; the



INDEX.



245



operations round Trichinopoli, xiii.
357 ; Vellore, xiii. 467.
Ostend East India Company established
(1722), its factories at Covelong on
the Madras coast, and at Bankipur on
the Hugli, article ' India,' vi. 372-374;
political objects of the Ostend Com-
pany » 373> 374 j destruction of the
Bankipur settlement by the Muham-
madans (1733), 374; bankruptcy and
downfall of the Ostend Company

(1784-93), 374-

Osvvals, Jain traders. See Mdrwaris.

Otapidaram, town and tdluk in Madras,
x. 478.

Ot-po, township in Burma, x. 478, 479.

Ot-po, town in Burma, x. 479.

Otters, found in the Nakhi Talao on
Mount Abu, i. 5 ; Dera Ismail Khan,
iv. 220 ; Gwalior, v. 229 ; in the
Indus, vii. 14 ; Kangra, vii. 413 ;
Karauli, vii. 472 ; Kashmir, viii. 68 ;
Madras Presidency, ix. 89 ; Manipur,
ix. 326 ; Moradabad, ix. 505 ; Muzaf-
fargarh, x. 58 ; Peshawar, xi. 147 ;
the Sundarbans, xiii. 109 ; Surat, xiii.
120; Thar and Parkar, xiii. 264.

Ouchterlony, valley in Madras. See
Ochterlony.

Oudh, Province and Chief Commissioner-
ship of British India, x. 479-510;
physical aspects, 479-483 ; table of
area and population, 480; rivers, 481 ;
soil, 482 ; general aspect of the country,
482 ; flora, 482, 483 ; fauna, 483 ;
history, 483-496; population, 496-501 ;
density, 496, 497 ; Muhammadans, I
497, 498 ; Hindus, 498, 499 ; Euro-
peans, 499 ; occupations, 499 ; urban
and rural population, 499, 500 ; towns
and villages, 500, 501 ; agriculture,
501, 502 ; land survey and settlement,
502-506 ; tenures, 504, 505 ; commerce
and manufactures, 506, 507 ; railways,
507, 508; administration, 508-510;
education, 509 ; municipalities, 509 ;
medical aspects, 510; article 'India,'
sale of Allahabad and Kora to the
Wazir of, by Warren Hastings (1773),
vi. 389 ; the Rohilla war, 390; plunder
of the Begams, 390, 391 ; annexation
of, 415 ; Lord Dalhousie's justifica-
tion of the measure, 416 ; mutiny in,
421 ; inquiry into the status of the
peasantry, 424.

Oudh, town on the Gogra river in Oudh.
See Ajodhya.

Ounces or snow leopards, found on the
Himalayas, v. 409 ; the Hindu Kush,
v. 419 ; Kashmir, viii. 68.

Ouseley, Colonel, discovered carved linga
at Juba, vii. 253 ; put down rising in
Sambalpur (1839), xii. 180.



Outram, Sir James, his work among the
Bhils of Khandesh, article ' India,' vi.
72, 73 ; annexation of Oudh, 416 ;
relief of Lucknow, 420. Local notices
— One of the first officers of the Bhii
corps, ii. 388 ; statue of, by Foley, at
Calcutta, iii. 250 ; joined Havelock at
Cawnpur (Oct. 1857), and marched
on Lucknow, iii. 283, 291 ; his in-
fluence over the Bhils, and formation
of the Bhil corps, iv. 115; which he
organized at Dharangaon (1825-30),
iv. 250 ; his defence of the Residency
near Haidarabad (Sind) against the
Baluchi's (1843), v. 288, xii. 515 ;
commanded the Residency at Lucknow
till the second relief (Sept. -Nov. 1857),
viii. 514 ; defended the Alambagh
until the third capture of Lucknow
(Nov. 1857-March 1858), viii. 515 ;
instituted panchayats (1838) for set-
tling biood-feuds among the Bhils of
Mahi Kantha, ix. 177 ; pacified the
Bhils of Nimar, x. 331 ; assigned the
date of the foundation of Tatta to 1445,
xiii. 219.

Over-crowded and under-peopled dis-
tricts, vi. 46, 47.

Owen, Sidney )., Selections from the
Despatches of the Marquis Wellesley,
quoted, article ' India,' vi. 317 (foot-
note i) ; Selections from the Indian
Despatches of the Duke of Wellington,
quoted, 317 (footnote 1).

Oxenden, Christopher, died 1659, his
mausoleum at Surat, xiii. 135.

Oxenden, Sir George, died 1669, the
inscription on the mausoleum of the
brothers Oxenden at Surat, xiii. 135.

Oxide of lead, manufactured at Jagadhri,
vii. 40.

Oyster Reef, sunken reef and lighthouse
off Lower Burma, x. 5 IO »

Oysters, found in the Andaman Islands,
i. 282; South Arcot, i. 321 ; Covelong,
iv. 44 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ; Janjira, vii.
139; Karachi, vii. 449; Kolak, viii.
272 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 98 ; Por-
bandar, xi. 215.



Pa, petty State in Kathiawar, x. 510.

Pab Hills, forming a portion of the
boundary between India and Balu-
chistan, article ' India,' vi. 7.

Pabar, river in Bashahr State, Punjab,
x. 510, 511.

Pabna, District in Bengal, x. 511-520;
physical aspects, 511, 512; history,
512, 513 ; agrarian riot of 1873, 513 ;
population, 513-515; agriculture, 515-



246



INDEX.



517; natural calamities, 517; manu-
factures, 517; commerce and trade,
517, 518; river traffic, 517, 518 ;
means of communication, 518 ; admini-
stration, 518, 519 ; education, 519 ;
medical aspects, 519, 520.

Pabna, town and Sub-division in Bengal,
x. 520.

Pachamalai, mountain range in Madras,
x. 520, 521.

Pachamba, formerly Sub-division in Ben-
gal. See Giridhi.

Pachamba, town in Bengal, x. 521.

Pacheco, Duarte, defended Cochin
against the Zamorin of Calicut (1504),
iv. 12.

Pachhegam, petty State in Kathiawar, x.
521.

Pachhimrath, pargand in Oudh, x. 521,
522.

Pachhoha, pargand in Oudh, x. 522.

Pachipeta, ghat or pass in Madras. See
Panchipenta.

Pachmarhi, estate, plateau, and sani-
tarium in Central Provinces, x. 522.

Pachora, Sub-division in Bombay, x. 522,

523-
Pachora, village in Bombay, x. 523.
Pa-daung, township in Burma, x. 523,

5 2 4-
Pa-daung, town in Burma, x. 524.
Padda, name of the main stream of the

Ganges in E. Bengal. See Ganges.
Pa-de, stream in Burma, x. 524.
Padinalknad, taluk in Coorg, x. 524, 525.
Padma, name of the main stream of the

Ganges in E. Bengal. See Ganges.
Padmanabham, battle-field in Madras,

x - 525-

Padmavati, town in Orissa, x. 525.

Padra, Sub-division in Baroda, x. 525.

Padra, town in Baroda, x. 525, 526.

Padrauna, tali si I in Oudh, x. 526.

Padrauna, town in Oudh, x. 526, 527.

Pagara, estate in the Central Provinces,
x. 527.

Pa-gat, township and village in Burma.
See Hpa-gat.

Paget, Gen. Hon. Sir E., suppressed
mutiny at Barrackpur (1824), ii. 175.

Pagla, river in Bengal, x. 527.

Pagodas, Burmese, Amarapura, i. 210 ;
Amherst, i. 236, 237 ; An-daw, i.
287 ; Ava, i. 389 ; Shwe Mu-htaw,
Bassein, ii. 201 ; Bun-maw, iii. 160,
161 ; Dam-ma-tha, iv. 105 ; in Hanth-
awadi, v. 314 ; Kama, vii. 348 ;
Kyaik-kauk, viii. 382, 383 ; Kyaik-
than-lan, viii. 383 ; Kyaik-ti-yo, viii.
383; Mahamuni, ix. 156; Mandalay,
ix. 289 ; Martaban, ix. 349 ; Maul-
main, ix. 371 ; in Mergui, ix. 408;
Myaung-mya, x. 85 ; Nan-daw, x.



189 ; Negrais, x. 259 ; Ok-kan, x.
422; Pegu, xi. 126; in Prome, xi.
231 ; Pyaw-bhway, xi. 337; Rangoon,
xi. 483, 484 ; San-daw, xii. 196 ; in
Sandoway, xii. 201 ; Shin-da-we, xii.
406 ; Shin-maw, xii. 407 ; Shin-mut-ti,
xii. 407 ; Shwe-an-daw, xii. 426 ;
Shwe-Dagon, xii. 426-428; Shwe-
daung, xii. 428 ; Ke-la-tha in Shwe-
gyin, xii. 429 ; Shwe-maw-daw, xii.
436, 437 ; Shwe-myin-din, xii. 437 ;
Shwe-nat-taung, xii. 437 ; Shwe-san-
daw in Rangoon, xii. 437, 438 ; in
Prome, xii. 438, 439 ; Shwe-thek-lut,
xii. 439 ; in Tavoy, xiii. 229, 230 ;
U-rit-taung, xiii. 451.
Pagodas, ruined Burmese, Danut-Paya-
gyi, iv. 118; Detanaw, iv. 230; Tha-
tun, xiii. 275 ; Ya-theth-myo, xiii.

549-

Pagodas, Hindu. See Temples, Hindu.

Paharapur, pargand in Oudh, x. 527.

Paharias, aboriginal tribe in Manbhum,
iv. 99 ; included with the Santals in
the Santal Parganas, xii. 230, 231.

Pahari Banka, estate in Bundelkhand, x.

527, 528. m
Paharis or 'mountaineers, race in the

Himalayas, v. 412.
Paharpur, town in Punjab, x. 528.
Pahar Singh, chief of Faridkot, helped

the British in the first Sikh war, and

was given part of Nabha, iv. 393.
Pahar Sirgira, old Gond chiefship in the

Central Provinces, x. 528.
Pahasu, town in N.-W. Provinces, x.

528.
Pahlanpur, collection of States, State,

and town. See Palanpur.
Pahra, petty State in Bundelkhand, x.

528, 529.

Pai-bin, creek in Burma, x. 529.
Pai-gu, Division, township, town, and

river in Burma. See Pegu.
Paikasht rdyats, or temporary cultivators,

vi. 48.
Paila, pargand in Oudh, x. 529.
Pailani, village and tahsil in N.-W.

Provinces, x. 529.
Paina, town in N.-W. Provinces, x. 529,

530.
Painam, village in Bengal. See Sonar-

gaon.
Painda, offshoot of the Surma river in

Assam, x. 530.
Painganga, river in Berar. See Penganga.
Paing-kyun, creek in Burma, x. 530.
Paintepur, town in Oudh, x. 530.
Painting, Indian art of, article ' India,'

vi. 113.
Paithan, town in Deccan, x. 530, 531.
Pakaur, Sub-division in Bengal, x. 531
Pak-chan, river in Burma, x. 531.



INDEX.



247



Pakhal, lake or tank in Deccan, x. 531, I

,53 2 -
Pakpattan, tahsil in Punjab, x. 532.
Pakpattan, town in Punjab, x. 532, 533.
Pal, petty State in Bombay. See Pol.
Pal, petty State in Kathiawar, x. 533.
Palakollu, town in Madras, x. 533, 534.
Palakonda, town in Madras, x. 534.
Palakonda, ancient estate and td.uk in

Madras, x. 534.
Palali, petty State in Kathiawar, x. 534.
Palamainer, town in Madras. See

Palmaner.
Palamau, Sub-division in Bengal, x.

534, 535;
Palamkotta, town in Madras, x. 535.
Palampur, town in Punjab, x. 535.
Palani, town and hills in Madras. See

Palni.
Palanpur Agency, The, collection of

Native States in Bombay, x. 535-539 ;

physical aspects, 535, 536 ; names of

States, 536 ; history, 537 ; population,

537 '■> agriculture, 537 ; commerce and
trade, 538 ; revenue and tributes,

538 ; natural calamities, 539.
Palanpur, Native State in Bombay, x.

,539, 540. _
Palanpur, chief town of Palanpur State,

x. 540, 54i-
Palar, river of S. India, x. 541.
Palasbari, market village in Assam, x.

54i-

Palasbihar, petty State in Bombay. See

Dang States.
Palasgaon, estate in Central Provinces,

x. 542.
Palasgarh, estate in Central Provinces,

x. 542.
Palasni, petty State in Rewa Kantha, x.

542.
Palaveram, town in Madras. See Palla-

varam.
Paldeo, petty State in Bundelkhand, x.

542.
Palegar and Nayak chieftains in S. India,

vi. 288.
Pal ghat, taluk in Madras, x. 542, 543.
Palghat, town in Madras, x. 543.
Palghat Pass, remarkable break or gap

in the Western Ghats, article 'India,'

vk 37-
Palguralapalli, village in Madras, x. 543.
Palhalli, village in Mysore, x. 543, 544.
Pali, town in Rajputana, xi. I.
Pali, town and pargand in Oudh, xi. 1,

2.
Palia, town and pargand in Oudh, xi. 2,

3-

Paliganj, town in Bengal, xi. 3.
Palis. See Kochs.

Palitana, Native State in Kathiawar, xi.
3,4-



Palitana, town with Jain temples in
Kathiawar, xi. 4-10; article 'India,'
vi. 159.

Palivela, town in Madras, xi. 10.

Paliyad, State in Kathiawar, xi. 10.

Paliyaverkadu. See Pulicat.

Palk, Robert, Governor of Madras (1763-
67), ix. 67 ; bay and straits called
after, xi. 1 1.

Palkhera, estate in Central Provinces, xi.
10.

Palkole. See Palakollu.

Palkonda, mountains in Madras, xi. 10,
II.

Palkonda. See Palakonda.

Palk's Bay and Straits, channel between
S. India and Ceylon, xi. II, 12.

Palladam, village and taluk in Madras,
xi. 12, 13.

Pal Lahara, State in Orissa, xi. 13.

Pallapatti. See Arava Kurichi.

Pallava dynasty, The, in Salem, xii. 153.

Pallavaram, town in Madras, xi. 13, 14.

Palma, Jain ruins in Bengal, xi. 14.

Palmaner, town and taluk in Madias, xi.
14, 15.



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