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Palm-leaf writings, article ' India, vi.
102.

Palms, Varieties of, article ' India,' vi.
491. See also Areca-nut palms, Cocoa-
nut palms, Date palms, and Palmyra
palms.

Palmyra palms, grown in .South Arcot,
i. 323 ; Bombay, iii. 45 ; Broach, iii.
102 ; Upper Burma, iii. 210 ; Chengal-
pat, iii. 380 ; Godavari, v. 122 ; South
Kanara, vii. 376 ; Kanigiri, vii. 432 ;
the Konkan, viii. 291 ; Madras, ix.
29, 30; Madura, ix. 121 ; Malabar,
ix. 229 ; Nanguneri, x. 195 ; Nellore,
x. 268; Palanpur Agency, x. 537 ;
Palmyras Point, xi. 15 ; Ramnad, xi.
451 ; Salsette Island, xii. 169 ;
Secunderabad, xii. 302 ; Tinnevelli,
xiii. 298-306 ; Travancore, xiii. 342-
344 ; Tuticorin, xiii. 385.

Palmyras Point, headland in Orissa, xi.

Palnad, taluk in Madras, xi. 16.

Palni, town and taluk in Madras, xi.

16.
Palni, mountain range in Madras, xi. 16-

19.
Paluha, village in Central Provinces, xi.

20.
Palta, village in Bengal, xi. 20.
Palupare, ruins in Coorg, xi. 20.
Palwal, tahsil in Punjab, xi. 20.
Palwal, town in Punjab, xi. 21.
Pambai, river in Madras, xi. 21.
Pambam Passage, channel between S.

India and Ceylon, xi. 21-23.
Pambam, town in Madras, xi. 23.



248



INDEX.



Pamidi, town in Madras, xi. 23, 24.

Pampur, town in Kashmir, xi. 24.

Pan. See Betel-leaf.

Panabaras, chiefship and forest in Cen-
tral Provinces, xi. 24.

Panagur, town in Central Provinces, xi.
24.

Panahat, town and tdhsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xi. 24, 25.

Panapur, town in Bengal, xi. 25.

Panar, river in Bengal, xi. 25, 26.

Panchamnagar, village in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 26.

Panchannagram, suburbs of Calcutta, xi.
26.

Panchavra, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.
26.

Pane hay at s. See Trade Guilds.

Panchet, estate in Bengal, xi. 26, 27.

Panchet, hill in Bengal, xi. 27.

Panchipenta, ghat or pass in Madras, xi.
28.

Panchkot. See Panchet.

Panch Mahals. District in Bombay, xi.
28-34 ; physical aspects, 28-30 ; his-
tory, 30; population, 30, 31 ; agricul-
ture, 31, 32; trade, 32, 33; admini-
stration, 33, 34 ; medical aspects, 34.

Panchpara, river of Orissa, xi. 34.

Panchpukuria, village in Bengal, xi. 34.

Pandai, river of Bengal, xi. 34, 35.

Pandaria, village and chiefship in Central
Provinces, xi. 35.

Pandarkaura, town in Berar, xi. 35.

Panda Tarai, village in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 35.

Pandaul, village in Bengal, xi. 35.

Pandavas, the five brethren of the Ma-
hdbharata, their quarrel and struggle
with the Kauravas, vi. 1 29-1 21.

Pan-daw, town in Lower Burma, xi. 35,
36.

Pan-daw. See Ye-gyi.

Pandhana, village in Central Provinces,
xi. 36.

Pandharpur, Sub - division in Bombay,
xi. 36.

Pandharpur, sacred town in Bombay, xi.
,36-38.

Pandhurna, town in Central Provinces,
xi. 38.

Pandion, that is the king of Pandya, and
not Porus, sent embassy to Augustus,
xi. 42.

Pandri Kalan, town in Oudh, xi. 38.

Pandrinton, temple in Kashmir, xi. 38.
Pandu, petty State in Bombay, xi. 39.
Pandu Mehwas, group of petty States in

Bombay, xi. 39.
Panduah, town in Bengal, xi. 39.
Panduah, ruined town in Bengal, xi.

39-42.
Pandya, historic tract in S. India, xi.



42 ; ancient Hindu dynasty in S.

India, article ' India,' vi. 286.
Pangolin, or scaly ant - eater, found in

Singhbhum. xii. 532.
Panhan, town and pargand in Oudh, xi.

43-
Pan-hlaing, creek in Lower Burma, xi. 43.
Pania. See Paina.
Paniala, village in Punjab, xi. 43.
Panimar, village in Assam, xi. 43.
Panini, Sanskrit grammarian (350 B.C.),

vi. 100; 336.
Panipat, tahsil in Punjab, xi. 44.
Panipat, town and battle-field in Punjab,

xi. 44-48; article 'India,' defeat of

Ibrahim Lodi by Babar (1526), vi.

290 ; defeat of Afghans by Akbar,

and restoration of Humayun (1556),

291 ; defeat of the Marathas by the

Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durani

(1761), 315; 321.
Panjab. See Punjab.
Panjim. See Goa.
Panjnad, river of Punjab, xi. 48.
Pankhias, Muhammadan class in Shah-

jahanpur, xii. 347, 348.
Pan-ma-myit-ta, creek in Lower Burma,

xi. 48.
Pan-ma-wa-di, creek in Lower Burma,

xi. 48.
Panna, Native State in Bundelkhand, xi.

48-50.
Panna, capital of State in Bundelkhand,

xi. 50, 51.
Panna, Diamond mines of, article 'India,'

vi. 629.
Panniar, town and battle-field in Central

India, xi. 51.
Panroti, town in Madras, xi. 51.
Pans, semi-Hinduized aboriginal tribe in

Kenujhar, viii. 120; Khandpara, viii.

160; in Orissa Tributary States, x.

472.
Pantaenus, the Alexandrian stoic, his

evidence as to Christianity in India at

the end of the 2nd century, vi. 235.
Pantalaori, petty State in Bombay, xi. 51.
Pantan, forest reserve in Assam, xi. 51.
Pan - ta - naw, town and township in

Lower Burma, xi. 51, 52.
Panth - Piplanda, chiefship in Central

India, xi. 52.
Panwari. See Kulpahar.
Panwel, town, port, and Sub-division in

Bombay, xi. 52, 53.
Paoni. See Pauni.
Papaghni, river of S. India, xi. 53.
Papanasham, village and waterfall in

Madras, xi. 53.
Paper-making, article 'India,' vi. 617.

Local notices — Paper made at Ahmad -

abad, i. 96, 97 ; Alwar, i. 205 ; An-

antapur, i. 278 ; Ankleswar, i. 293 ;



INDEX.



249



Basim, ii. 187 ; Bhutan, ii. 414 ;

Bogra, iii. 30; Lower Burma, iii. 198 ;

Chhatarpur, iii. 396 ; Chitaldrug, iii.

426; Erandol, iv. 355; Gokak, v.

142 ; Gwalior, v. 237 ; Hugh', v. 496 ;

Jalalpur, vii. 81; Janjira, vii. 139;

Junnar, vii. 264 ; Kalpi, vii. 343 ;

Kanauj, vii. 387 ; Kandiaro, vii. 406 ;

Karra, viii. 48 ; Kashmir, viii. 74 ;

Khandesh, viii. 157; Kolhapur, viii.

284 ; Larkhana, viii. 464 ; Lucknow,

viii. 516; Madras Presidency, ix. 54;

Muzaffargarh, x. 63; Mysore, x. 120 ;

Nasriganj, x. 239 ; Naushahro, x.

244; Nepal, x. 284; Pabna, x. 517;

Panchamnagar, xi. 26 ; Krishnaganj

in Purniah, xi. 328 ; Rangpur, xi.

498 ; Rohri, xii. 68 ; Satara, xii. 283 ;

Serampur, xii. 318; in Shahabad, xii.

322 ; Shimoga, xii. 404 ; Sialkot, xii.

448, 452; Sitpur, xiii. 39; Tijara,

xiii. 294 ; Yawal, xiii. 549.
Papier-mache, or papier-mache articles,

made at Jaunpur, vii. 160; Kashmir,

viii. 74 ; Mandawar, ix. 293.
Papikonda. See Bison Range.
Pappus of Alexandria, 4th century, men-
tions the Maldive Islands, ix. 250.
Pa-pun, village in Lower Burma, xi. 53.
Parad Singha, village in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 54.
Parahat, estate in Bengal, xi. 54-55.
Parambakudi. See Parmagudi.
Parameswara, the one First Cause, or

Supreme Deity of Hinduism, vi. 227.
Paramukka. See Ferokh.
Parangla, pass in the Himalayas, xi. 55.
Parantij, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xi. 55, 56.
Parasgarh, Sub-division in Bombay, xi.

5 6 > 57-

Parasnath, hill with Jain temples in
Bengal, xi. 57, 58; article 'India,' vi.

35 ; *59- ,

Paraspur-Ata, village in Oudh, xi. 58, 59.

Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of
Vishnu, his legendary war of extermi-
nation with the Kshattriyas, article
' India,' vi. 94.

Parasu Ram Bhao, Maratha general, took
Chiknayakanhalli (1791), iii. 411 ; took
Dharwar (1791), iv. 266.

Paraswara, village in Central Provinces,
xi. 59.

Paratwara, town and cantonment in
Berar, xi. 59.

Parauna. See Padrauna.

Paravanar, river of Madras, xi. 59.

Paravar, town and Sub - division in
Travancore, xi. 59, 60.

Paravars, Catholic class of fishermen in
Tinnevelli, xiii. 302.

Parbati, river of Punjab, xi. 60.



Parbati, river of Central India, xi. 60.
Parbattias, Cachari tribe. See Daos.
Pardhans, aboriginal tribe in Wun, xiii.

54i-

Pardhis, low-caste hunters and snarers in
Khandesh, viii. 154.

Pardi, town and Sub-division in Bombay,
xi. 60.

Parduman Sah. See Pridhiman Sah.

Parell, suburb of Bombay city, with
Governor's house, xi. 60-62.

Parenda, ruined fort in Deccan, xi. 62.

Parganas, The Twenty-four. See Twenty-
four Parganas.

Parghat, old ghdt or pass in Bombay, xi.
62.

Pariahs, or out - castes. See especially
Chengalpat, iii. 384 ; Madras Presi-
dency, ix. 21.

Pariar, town and pargand in Oudh, xi.

62, 63.

Parichat, Raja of Jaitpur, rebelled (1842)

and was deposed, vii. 71.
Parichhatgarh, ancient town in N.-W.

Provinces, xi. 63.
Parikud, group of islands in Orissa, xi.

63, 64.

Parkail, mountain peak in Punjab, xi. 64.

Parkar. See Nagar Parkar.

Parke, Gen., defeated Tantia Topi at
Chhota Udaipur (1858), iii. 405.

Parla Kimedi, ancient estate and town in
Madras, xi. 64, 65.

Parlakot, chiefship in Central Provinces,
xi. 65.

Parmagudi, town in Madras, xi. 65.

Parmal Deo, twentieth Chandel Raja, was
overthrown by Prithwi Raja of Ajmere
and Delhi (1183), iii. 154.

Parna, village in N.-W. Provinces, xi.
65.

Parnamis. See Dhamis.

Parnasala, temple in Madras, xi. 65.

Parner, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xi. 65, 66.

Parochial organization of Portuguese
India, vi. 247.

Parola, town in Bombay, xi. 66.

Parone, chiefship in Central India, xi.
66, 67.

Parpori, chiefship in Central Provinces,
xi. 67.

Parseoni, town in Central Provinces,
xi. 67.

Parshadepur, town and pargand in
Oudh, xi. 67, 68.

Parsis, specially numerous in Aden, i.
17 ; Baroda, ii. 159 ; Bengal, ii. 295 ;
Bilimora, ii. 457 ; Bombay Presidency,
iii. 52, city, iii. 80, 81 ; Broach Dis-
trict, iii. 103, 104, city, iii. 113, 114;
Lower Burma, iii. 179 ; Calcutta, iii.
256 ; Cambay, iii. 272 ; Berar, v. 267 ;



250



INDEX.



Nosari, x. 405 ; first landed at Sanjan,
xii. 221 ; Surat, xiii. 124, 133.

Partabganj , pargand in Oudh, xi. 68.

Partabgarh, District in Oudh, x. 68-74 ;
physical aspects, 68, 69 ; population,
69-71 ; agriculture, 71, 72; means of
communication, 72 ; trade, 72 5 a ^"
ministration, 73 ; medical aspects, 74.

Partabgarh, town, tahsil, and pargand in
Oudh, xi. 74, 75.

Partabgarh, State in Rajputana, x. 75-77.

Partabgarh, capital of State in Rajputana,
xi. 77.

Partabgarh, hill fort in Bombay, xi. 77,

7 8 ;
Partab Singh, Rana of Mewar (1572), his

struggle with Akbar, xiii. 404 ; lost

Udaipur (1577), and recovered it

(1586), xiii. 409.
Partap Singh, the most flourishing Raja

of Garhwal (1699), iv. 171.
Partition of the Gangetic valley by Clive

(1765), vi. 387.
Parur, town in Madras, xi. 78.
Parur. See Paravur.
Parvatipur, town and tract in Madras, xi.

7 8 '
Parviz, Prince, son of Jahangir, visited

by Sir T. Roe at Burhanpur (1614), hi.

163 ; defeated by Umra Singh, Rana

of Mewar, xiii. 404, 405.
Parwan, river of Bengal, xi. 78, 79.
Pasgawan, pargand in Oudh, xi. 79.
Pa-shin. See Pa-ta-shin.
Pashmind, woollen cloth, made at Batala,

ii. 216 ; Gujrat, v. 197 ; Kangra, vii.

426 ; Kashmir, viii. y^, 74 ; Ludhiana,

viii. 524.
Pasis, labouring class, specially numerous

in Allahabad, i. 189 ; Cuttack, iv. 69 ;

Fatehpur, iv. 426 ; Gonda, v. 15 1 ;

Lucknow, viii. 495, 496 ; Oudh, x.

498 ; Rai Bareli, xi. 354.
Pasriir, town and tahsil in Punjab, xi.

in Thayet-myo, xiii. 277.
Passes, mountain, in India, article

' India,' of the Himalayas, the

Khaibar, Kuram, Gwalari, Tal, and

Bolan passes, 6 ; of the Western

Ghats, the Bhor, Thai, and Palghat

passes, 36, 37. Local notices — Abla-

giindi, i. 3, 4 ; Achenkoil, i. 12;

Agiimbe, i. 78 ; in Akrani, i. 148 ;

Ambatmuri, i. 226 ; Ambela, i. 226-

228 ; Andar, i. 287 ; Anta Dhiira, i.

293 ; Ariankava, i. 329 ; Balcha, ii.

1 1 ; Bamsaru, ii. 42 ; Bandajan, ii.

56 ; Banihal, ii. 74 ; Bara Lacha, ii.

120; Barenda, ii. 148; Barga, ii. 148;

Barmiil, ii. 157 ; Bhairoghati, ii. 356,

357 ; Bhimagauni, ii. 395 ; Bhor Ghat,

ii. 406-408; Bians, ii. 418, 419;

Bijaya, ii. 425; Birchigaon, iii. II,



12 ; Bisali, iii. 14; Bolan, iii. 33, 34;
Bul-Tul, iii. 149 ; Charmadi, iii. 372 ;
Chengama, iii. 390 ; Chholaand Jelep,
iii. 404 ; Damalcherri, iv. 100, 101 ;
Dankia, iv. 118 ; in Dera Ghazi Khan,
iv. 209 ; Dhangain, iv. 244 ; Dharma,
iv. 252; Dornal Ghat, iv. 314; Dub,
iv. 317 ; Dub-chi, iv. 317 ; Dwarband,
iv. 327 ; Gantang, v. 9 ; Gazzalhatti,
v. 53 ; Ghusal, v. 76 ; Ghutasan Devi,
v. 76 ; Gwalari, v. 76 ; Gidhaur Gala,
v. 77 ; Guleri, v. 197 ; Gumal, v. 198 ;
Gunas, v. 201; Hangrang, v. 310;
Hassanur, v. 351, 352; of the Hima-
laya Mountains, v. 403-407 ; of the
Hindu Kush, v. 416, 417 ; Hosangadi,
v. 441 ; Kalingia, vii. 330, 331 ;
Kallur, vii. 339 ; Kanzam, vii. 438 ;
Karakoram, vii. 463, 464 ; in Kashmir,
viii. 64 ; Katra, viii. 100 ; Keobrang,
viii. 115; Khaibar, viii. 123-127;
Kimlia, viii. 219 ; the Kohat, viii.
248 ; in Kolaba, viii. 261, 269 ; Kol-
lur, viii. 286 ; Komulmair, viii. 287 ;
Kotagiri, viii. 303 ; the Mokandarra in
Kotah, viii. 304 ; Kuttiyadi, viii. 381 ;
Lakhi, viii. 424 ; Lakshmipur, viii.
444 ; Lal-darwaza, viii. 445 ; Lambia,
viii. 459 ; Landi Khana, viii. 459,
460 ; Lebong, viii. 468 ; Maganand,
ix. 136 ; Mana, ix. 274 ; Manerang,
ix. 311, 312; Mantrala Kanama, ix.
342 ; Marja, ix. 347 ; in the Mel-
ghat, ix. 402 ; in Mergui, ix. 407 ;
Moginand, ix. 469, 470 ; Mohand, ix.
472 ; Mukandwara, ix. 533 ; Mula, ix.
536 ; Nabog Nai, x. 127 ; Nagkanda,
x. 160 ; Nalgiin, x. 184 ; Nandika-
nama, x. 193 ; Neo Dhura, x. 273 ;
Nibrang, x. 294 ; Niti, x. 338 ; Pan-
chipenta, xi. 28 ; Parangla, xi. 55 ;
Parghat, xi. 62 ; across the Paung-
laung Range, xi. 120 ; Periya, xi. 139 ;
Piming, xi. 180 ; Pir Panjal, xi. 187,
188 ; Rayavalasa, xii. 41 ; Rohtang,
xii. 77, 78; Runang, xii. 81, 82;
Sampaji Ghat, xii. 190 ; Sandru, xii.
206 ; Seghur Ghat, xii. 303 ; Shatal,
xii. 377 ; in the Shevaroy Hills, xii.
382, 383 ; Shiar, xii. 385 ; Shutar
Gardan, xii. 426 ; in Sikkim, xii. 483 ;
Sindwa, xii. 527 ; Singa, xii. 528 ;
Sispara, xiii. 24 ; Sitampetta, xiii. 27 ;
Tamarasseri, xiii. 169 ; Tatiparthi, xiii.
217 ; in Tavoy, xiii. 228 ; Teliagarhi,
xiii. 236 ; Thalghat, xiii. 247, 248 ;
79, 80.

Pata Cuddapah, suburb of Cuddapah,
Madras, xi. 81.

Patala, town founded by Alexander the
Great, and identified with the modern
Haidarabad, the historic capital of Sind,
vi. 166.



IXDEX.



251



Patamari, village in Assam, xi. 80.
Patan, town and pargand in Oudh, xi.

80, 81.
Patan, town and Sub-division in Bombay,

xi. 81.
Patan, Sub-division in Baroda, xi. 81.
Patan, ancient town in Baroda, xi. 82.
Patan, ancient town in Kathiawar, xi.

82. See also Somnath.
Patan, ancient town in Rajputana, ix.

82,83.
Patan, ancient town in Nepal, xi. 83.
Patan, chiefship in Rajputana, xi. 84.
Patan, village in Central Provinces, xi.

Patana, village in Bengal, xi. 84.

Patan Saongi, town in Central Provinces,

xi. 84.
Pa-ta-shin, river in Lower Burma, xi.

84.
Pataudi, State in Punjab, xi. 84, 85.
Patera. See Pitihra.
Patera, village in Central Provinces, xi.

, 8 5',
Patgram, estate in Bengal, xi. 85.

Pathan architecture. See Architecture,

Muhammadan.

Pathan Kings of Delhi, by Mr. E.
Thomas, quoted, article ' India,' vi.
271 (footnote) ; 279, 280, 281 (foot-
notes) ; 283 (footnotes I and 2) ; 284
(footnote 1); 285 (footnote 3); 287
(footnote 2) ; 291 (footnote).

Pathankot, town and tahsil in Punjab,
xi. 85, 86.

Pathans, or Indian Afghans, specially
numerous in Ambala, i. 219 ; Amristar,
i. 258 ; Bagrasi, i. 420 ; Bannu, ii.
92, 93 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 49,
81; Broach, iii. 103; Delhi, iv. 182;
Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 213; Dera
Ismail Khan, iv. 223 ; Doaba Daudzai,
iv. 310; Haidarabad (Sind), v. 276;
Hindu Kush, v. 427 ; Hoshiarpur, v.
455 ; Kaimganj, vii. 298 ; Kotah, viii.
247 ; Lahore, viii. 407 ; Ludhiana, viii.
527 ; Madras, ix. 23 ; Muzaffargarh, x.
60; Peshawar, xi. 150, 15 1 ; Punjab,
xi. 273 ; Rajputana, xi. 408 ; Rawal
Pindi, xii. 27 ; Rohtak, xii. 72 ; Sibi,
xii. 455. 456; Sind, xii. 517, 518;
Teri, xiii. 243 ; Tonk, xiii. 337 ;
Udaipur, xiii. 401.

Pathardi, town in Bombay, xi. 86.

Pathari, State in Central India, xi. 86, 87.

Patharia, hill range in Assam, xi. 87.

Patharia, village in Central Provinces,
xi. 87.

Pathri, village in Central Provinces, xi.

8 7-
Pathrot, town in Berar, xi. 87.

Pathsdldi, or indigenous village schools.

See the Education section in each



Bengal District article, and Campbell,

Sir George.
Patiala, Native State in Punjab, xi.

S7-90.
Patiala, capital of Native State in Punjab,

xi. 90.
Patiali, ancient town in N.-W. Provinces,

xi. 90.
Patkulanda, chiefship in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 90.
Patna, Division or Commissionership in

Bengal, xi. 90-93.
Patna, District in Bengal, xi. 93-106;

physical aspects, 93, 94 ; history, 94-

98; population, 98-100; agriculture,

100, 101 ; natural calamities, 101, 102;

trade, 102 ; opium manufacture, 102,

103 ; administration, 103-105 ; medical

aspects, 105.
Patna, Sub-division in Bengal, xi. 106.
Patna, city in Bengal, xi. 106-114;

history, 106-108 ; description, 108-

110; population, 108; trade, 110-

114.
Patna, East India Company s Agency

at (1620), article 'India,' vi. 367;

massacre of, 386 ; trade of, 595, 596.
Patna Canal, in Bengal, xi. 114.
Patna, Native State in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 114-116.
Patna, chief town of State in Central

Provinces, xi. 116.
Patna, river in Central Provinces, xi.

116.
Paton, Col., relieved Chamberlain at

Chichawatni, ix. 496.
Patri, petty State in Kathiawar, xi. 116.
Patri, town in Bombay, xi. 116, 117.
Pattaputtu, town in Madras, xi. 117.
Patti, town in Punjab, xi. 117.
Patti, tahsil in Oudh, xi. 117.
Pattikonda, town and taluk in Madras,

xi. 117, 118.
Pattukotai, town and taluk in Madras,

xi. 118.
Patuakhali, Sub-division in Bengal, xi.

118.
Patiir, town in Berar, xi. 118, 119.
Paumben. See Pambam.
Paunar, ancient town in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 119.
Paung-deh, town and township in Lower

Burma, xi. 119.
Paung-laung, hill range in Lower Burma,

xi. 119, 120.
Paung-lin, township in Lower Burma,

xi. 120.
Pauni, town in Central Provinces, xi.

120.
Pauri, village in N.-W. Provinces, xi.

120.
Pavagada, village and tdluk in Mysore,

xi. 121, 122.



252



INDEX,



Pawagarh, hill fort in Bombay, xi. 121,

122.

Pawangarh, hill fort in Bombay, xi. 122.

Pawayan, town and tahsil in N.-W.
Provinces, xi. 122.

Pawi Mulanda, chiefship in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 123.

Payanghat, tract in Berar, xi. 123.

Payrdapala, village in Madras, xi. 123.

Peach, Col., defeated the chief of Parla
Kimedi at Jalmur (1768), xi. 64.

Peaches, grown in Baluchistan, ii. 36 ;
Jabalpur, vii. 33 ; Kalhatti, vii. 325 ;
Kandahar, vii. 391 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ;
Kashmir, viii. 71 ; Lahore, viii. 410 ;
Nilgiri Hills, ix. 86, x. 313 ; Mani-
pur, ix. 331 ; Mishmi Hills, ix. 463 ;
Mysore, x. 103 ; Nepal, x. 276 ; Pesha-
war, xi. 146, 159; Shevaroy Hills,
xii. 383 ; Sind, xii. 520 ; Jacobabad,
xiii. 446 ; Wellington, xiii. 536.

Pearl fisheries, article ' India,' vi. 629.
Local notices — Pearl mussels or oysters
found at Dindigal, iv. 300 ; Faridpur,
iv« 397 5 Karachi, vii. 449, 450 ;
Manar Gulf, ix. 275, 276 ; Nawanagar,
x. 252, 253 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 308.

Pearse, Col. , first colonel commandant of
the Bengal Artillery, Monument to, in
Dum-Dum Church, iv. 320.

Pebbles, polished, exported from Banda,

ii- 53-
Peddapur, town and taluk in Madras, xi.

123.
Pedda Viziarama Raz, Maharaja of

Vizianagram (1710-57), his history,

xiii. 499, 500.
Peerpointee. See Pirpainti.
Pegu, Division of Lower Burma, xi. 124,

125 ; annexation of, as the result of

the second Burmese war, article

'India,' vi. 413, 414.
Pegu, township in Lower Burma, xi. 125.
Pegu, town in Lower Burma, xi. 125-

128.
Pegu, river in Lower Burma, xi. 128,

129.
Pegu Yoma. See Yoma.
Pehoa, ancient town in Punjab, xi. 1 29.
Peint, Sub-division (formerly State) in

Bombay, xi. 1 29- 13 1.
Peint, town in Bombay, xi. 131.
Pellew, Mr., quoted on the storm-wave

in Sandwip Island (1876), xii. 212,

213.
Pemberton, Capt., mission to Bhutan

(1826), ii. 412, 416; quoted on Kyauk-

pyu, viii. 390.
Pen, town and Sub-division in Bombay,

xi. 131, 132.
Pena. See Paina.
Pench, river of Central Provinces, xi.

132.



Penchalakonda, hill peak in Madras, xi.
132.

Pendhat, sacred village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xi. 132.

Pendra, chiefship in Central Provinces,
vi. 132.

Penganga, river of Berar, xi. 132, 133.

Peninsular India, Geology of, vi. 634-

639-
Penna, Horace della, quoted on Sikkim,

xii. 484.
Pennar (Northern), river of S. India, xi.

133, 134- . . .

Pennar (Southern), river of S. India, xi.

134.
Penny, Gen., killed in battle with the

mutineers at Kakrala (1858), iii. 119,

vii. 312.
Pentakota, fishing village in Madras, xi.

Penukonda, taluk in Madras, xi. 134,

135.
Penukonda, fortified town in Madras, xi.

135-

People, Material condition of. See Con-
dition of the people.

Pepali, town in Madras, xi. 135, 136.

Pepper, in Bengal, ii. 271 ; Bombay, iii.
53 ; Champaran, iii. 337 ; Cochin, iv.
5 ; Eastern Dwars, iv. 329 ; Garo
Hills, v. 30 ; Western Ghats, v. 59 ;
Hassan, v. 346 ; North Kanara, vii.
372; Khyrim, viii. 215; Lakhimpur,
viii. 433; Madras, ix. 30, 83; Madura,
ix. 121 ; Maharam, ix. 166; Mahram,
ix. 185 ; Malabar, ix. 229, 230 ; Mani-
pur, ix. 331; Mysore, x. 100; Nelliam-
pati Hills, x. 260 ; Nepal, x. 277 ;
Palni Mountains, xi. 19 ; Puri, xi.
306; Sagar (Mysore), xii. Hi; Sawant-
wari, xii. 296; Shimoga, xii. 400-403;
Sorab, xiii. 65; Supa, xiii. 1 16 ; Tarai,
xiii. 209 ; Taung-ngu, xiii. 225 ; Tavoy,
xiii. 231 ; Travancore, xiii. 345-349.

Perambakam, town in Madras, xi. 136.

Perambalur, town and taluk in Madras,
xi. 136.

Perambur, suburb of Madras city, xi. 136.

Percots, Mgr. G. M., Bishop of Massulis,
murdered by Alaung-paya (1756), his
life referred to, xiii. 158.

Perfumes, Scents, and Essences, made at
Jarwal, vii. 144 ; Jaunpur, vii. 160 ;
Kanauj, vii. 387 ; Kathiawar, viii. 96 ;
Kolhapur, viii. 284 ; Kondavir, viii.
288 ; Patharia, xi. 87 ; Patna, xi. 1 10 ;
Sikandarpur, xii. 480.

Periakulam, town and taluk in Madras,
xi. 136, 137.

Perim, island in mouth of Red Sea, xi.

137, 138.
Perim, island in Gulf of Cambay, xi. 138,

139.



INDEX.



'■53



Perindurai, village in Madras, xi. 139.

Periplus, The, mentions Aden, i. 15 ;
Chaul, iii. 376; Cape Comorin, iv. 25;
Kalyan, vii. 347 ; Kolkai, viii. 286 ;
the Konkan, viii. 290; Kota, viii. 309;
Madura, ix. 122 ; Maharashtra, ix.
166, 167 ; Masi'ira, ix. 357 ; the Nar-
bada, x. 210; Paithan, x. 530; Pandya,
xi. 42 ; Perim, xi. 137 ; Sopara, xiii.
65.

Periya, ghat or pass in Madras, xi. 139.

Periyakulam. See Periakulam.

Periyapatna, village and taluk in Mysore,
xi. 139, 140.

Periyar, river of Travancore, xi. 140.

Perkins, Col., Deputy Commissioner of
Oudh, founded the bazar of Perkins-
ganj (1858), xiii. 101.

Permanent Settlement, The, of Lord
Cornwallis and Sir John Shore, article
1 India,' vi. 393, 394. Local notices —
Bard wan, ii. 128 ; Bengal, ii. 306; its
lightness in Goalpara, v. 113; failure
of similar system in Godavari, v.
125.

Perron, M., Sindia's French general, de-
feated by Lord Lake at Aligarh (1803),
i. 170; established system of jdgirs for

. his veterans at Hapur, v. 318 ; sent
Bourquien to expel George Thomas
(1802), v. 237 5 ceded Kaman to
Ranjit Singh (1782), vii. 351 ; his
brigade quartered at Sikandarabad,
xii. 478.

Perrot, General, formerly head of the
Government stud at Karnul, established
private stud there (1875), *'*"• 2 4-

Persians in India. See Bombay Presi-
dency, iii. 49, city, iii. Si ; Kandahar,
viii. 390.

Peruah. See Panduah.

Perumakal, village and hill fort in Madras,
xi. 140, 141.

Perianal dynasty in Travancore, xiii.

345-347-

Perungudi, town in Madras, xi. 141.

Penir, village in Madras, xi. 141.

Perzagarh, hill range in Central Provinces,
xi. 141.

Peshawar, Division or Commissionership
in Punjab, xi. 141 -144.

Peshawar, District in Punjab, xi. 144-
157; physical aspects, 144-147; history,
147-150 ; population, 150-152 ; village
life, 152, 153; agriculture, 153, 154;
trade, 154; means of communication,
155; administration, 155, 156; educa-
tion, 156 ; medical aspects, climate,

Peshawar, tahsil'm Punjab, xi. 157, 15S.
Peshawar, city in Punjab, xi. 158-160.
Peshawar, cantonment in Punjab, xi. 160,
161.



Peshwas, the rise and progress of their
power (1718-1818), article ' India,' vi.
320-324; annexation of the Peshwa's
dominions, 402. See also Marathas,
and names of individual Peshwas.

Pestana, Count de, Governor-General of
Goa, nearly brought about rupture with
the Bombay Government, v. 106.

Pet Budhwara, village in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 161.

Peth, town in Bombay, xi. 161.

Pethapur, town and State in Bombay, xi.
161, 162.

Petlad, town and Sub-division in Baroda,
xi. 162.

Petley, Lieut., R.X., furnished the article
on Hugli river, v. 469.

Petley, Mr., his plantations in Taung-ngu,



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