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Kasaragod, viii. 58 ; Kayalpatnam,
viii. 108 ; Kayenkolam, viii. 108 ;
Kelsi, viii. in, 112; Keti, viii. 118-
220 ; Kherna, viii. 199 ; Khun, viii.
210 ; Kodinar, viii. 240 ; Kolachel,
viii. 271, 272; Kolak, viii. 272;
Koteshvvar on the Kori, viii. 298 ;
Kotar, viii. 309, 310 ; Kulasekhara-
patnam, viii. 332 ; Kiimpta, viii. 360,
361 ; Kupili, viii. 367 ; Kyauk-pyu,
viii. 389, 390 ; Laichanpur, viii. 423 ;
Machhgaon, viii. 533 ; Madhapur, viii.
541 ; Madras, ix. 111-114; Mahad, ix.
153, 154; Mahim, ix. 180, 181 ; Mahul,
ix. 185, 186; Mahurigaon, ix. 187;
Mahuwa, ix. 187 ; Malwan, ix. 272,
273; Mandoi, ix. 310; Mandwa, ix.
311 ; Mangalore, ix. 313, 314; Mang-
rol, ix. 316, 317; Manori, ix. 339;
Marmagao, ix. 347, 348 ; Maroli, ix.
348 ; Masulipatam, ix. 352-357; Maul-
main, ix. 370-372; Mergui, ix. 411,
412 ; Miani (Kathiawar), ix. 422 ;
Mora, ix. 503, 504; Morrellganj,
ix. 518; Motupalli, ix. 521, 522;
Mulki, ix. 538 ; Mundra, x. 14 ;
Murdeswar, x. 17 ; Nagar, x. 155 ;
Narakal, x. 203 ; Narsapur, x. 214,
215; Navpur, x. 246 ; Nawanagar
(Bedi), x. 253, 254 ; Nawibandar, x.
2 55 ; Negapatam, x. 258, 259 ; Nevti,
x. 292; Nizampatam, x. 338; Pambam,
xi. 23 ; Panwel, xi. 52, 53 ; Pen, xi.
131, 132 ; Pentakota, xi. 134 ; Ponani,
xi. 197, 198; Porbandar, xi. 216;
Port Canning, xi. 216-221 ; Porto Novo,
xi. 221, 222; Puri, xi. 308; Purn-
garh, xi. 321 ; Quilandi, xi. 338, 339 ;
Quilon, xi. 339, 340 ; Rai, xi. 348 ;
Rajapur, xi. 384, 385 ; Rander, xi.
46S, 469; Rangoon, xi. 4S5-488;
Ratnagiri, xii. 12, 13; Redi, xii. 41 ;



Rewadanda, xii. 44, 45 ; Revvas, xii.
56 ; Rohar, xii. 60 ; Chitakul, xii. 92 ;
Salaya, xii. 149, 150 ; Saratha, xii.
262, 263 ; Satpati, xii. 287, 28S ;
Shirali, xii. 407 ; Sonapur, xiii. 58 ;
Sonmiani, xiii. 61 ; Sriwardhan xiii.
83 ; Subarnarekha, xiii. 85 ; Surat,
xiii. 132-136; Tadri, xiii. 160;
Tankari, xiii. 198 ; Tamir, xiii. 199 ;
Tarapur, xiii. 212; Tavoy, xiii. 234;
Tellicherri, xiii. 237, 238 ; Thai, xiii.
247; Thana, xiii. 258,259; Tranquebar,
xiii. 340, 341 ; Trombay, xiii. 370 ;
Tuna, xiii. 382 ; Tuticorin, xiii. 385,
386 ; Umbargaon, xiii.. 422 ; Upleta,
xiii. 438 ; Utan, xiii. 454 ; Vengurla,
xiii. 469, 470 ; Verawal, xiii. 472 ;
Vesava, xiii. 472, 473 ; Vizagapatam,
xiii. 497, 498 ; Viziadr.ug, xiii. 498,
499 ; Wawanya, xiii. 534.
Portuguese in India, article ' India,' vi.
356-361; Covilham, 357; Vasco de
Gama, 357, 358 ; Cabral, 358 ; Fran-
cisco de Almeida, 359 ; Albuquerque,
359, 360 ; oppressions of, 359, 360 ;
downfall of, 360 ; Portuguese Indian
possessions in 1871, 361 ; mixed de-
scendants, 361; defeat of the Portu-
guese fleet at Swally off Surat (1615),
366 ; temporary expulsion of, from
Bengal, 368, 369 ; early Portuguese
trade with India, 560. Local notices —
Aden, i. 16; Agashi, i. 58; inArakan,
i. 151, 152; Martaban, i. 236; Bandel,
ii. 57; Barkalur, ii. 156; Bassein
(Wasim), ii. 191 ; Bengal, ii. 279 ;
Beypur, ii. 335 ; Bhatkal, ii. ^77 5
Bombay, iii. y] ; Broach, iii. 1 1*3 ;
Calicut, iii. 269, 270 ; Cannanore, iii.
276 ; Chaul, iii. 376 ; Chittagong, iii.
435> 436; Cochin, iv. 3, n ; Daman,
iv. 101 - 104 ; Diu, iv. 305 - 308 ;
Firinghi Bazar, iv. 436 ; Ghorbandar,
v. 75; Goa, v. 87-106; Honawar, v.
440 ; Hugli, v. 491, 499, 500 ; Kaylan,
vii 347 ; Karanja, vii. 467 ; Karnala,
viii. 29 ; Karwar, viii. 55 ; Kodun-
galiir, viii. 241 ; in the Konkan, viii.
290 ; in Madras Presidency, ix. 12 ;
founded Saint Thome (1504), ix. 104 ;
Mahim, ix. 180; in Malabar, ix. 221 ;
Mangalore, ix. 313; Negapatam, x.
259, xiii. 183; Noakhali, x. 341-343;
Porakad, xi. 214; Porto Novo, xi.
222; Quilon, xi. 340; Rander, xi. 46S,
469 ; Rewadanda, xii. 44 ; Sadashiv-
garh, xii. 92 ; St. Thomas' Mount, xii.
143 ; Salsette, xii. 169 ; Sandvvip
Island, xii. 210; Surat, xiii. 120, 121 ;
Syriam, xiii. 158; Tatta, xiii. 219;
Thana, xiii. 258 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 300 ;
Tuticorin, xiii. 385 ; Vesava, xiii.
473. See also Factories, Forts, and



260



INDEX.



the names of the chief Portuguese

leaders.
Portuguese Possessions, xi. 222, 223.

See also Daman, Diu, and Goa.
Porus, Defeat of, by Alexander the

Great, vi. 164; the battle-field identi-
fied with Chilianwala, iii. 415.
Postans, Mr., quoted, on the trade of

Shikarpur in 1841, xii. 395; on the

foundation of Tatta, xiii. 219.
Postin or sheepskin cloaks, made in

Afghanistan, i. 39 ; Ghazni, v. 72.
Post-Vedic Gods, Rise of, vi. 97, 98 ;

the Hindu triad, 98.
Potanur, railway station in Madras, xi.

223.
Potatoes, Cultivation of, in the Himalayas,

article ' India,' vi. 9. Local notices —

Cultivated on Mount Abu, i. 7 ; in

Assam, i. 362 ; Bardwan, ii. 130 ;

Bhutan, ii. 413; Bombay, iii. 53;

Upper Burma, iii. 210; Cawnpur, iii.

285 ; Cherra Punji, iii. 393 ; Chhind-

wara, iii. 401 ; Chikalda, iii. 408 ;

Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 451 ;

Coimbatore, iv. 18 ; Darjiling, iv. 134 ;

Deoria, iv. 206; Devanhalli, iv. 231 ;

Farukhabad, iv. 413 ; Gaya, v. 49 ;

Goa, v. 93 ; Haidarabad, v. 245 ;

Hazara, v. 365 ; Jabalpur, vii. ^ ;

Jessor, vii. 187 ; Kaimganj, vii. 298 ;

Kaiti, vii. 310; Kangra, vii. 424;

Khasi Hills, viii. 171-177; Khyrim,

viii. 215 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ; Kumaun,

viii. 354 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 433 ;

Madras, ix. 30; Mahram, ix. 185;

Mao-san-ram, ix. 343 ; Mysore, x.

100 ; Nasik, x. 232 ; Nepal, x. 277 ;

Nilgiri Hills, x. 313; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 375, 382 ; Palni Mountains,

xi. 19 ; Phagu, xi. 162 ; Puri, xi. 306 ;

Rangpur, xi. 496 ; Rawal Pindi, xii.

29 ; Satara, xii. 280 ; Sibsagar, xii.

466 ; Simla, xii. 493 ; Taung-ngu, xiii.

225; Tavoy, xiii. 231; Wellington,

xiii. 536.
Potegaon, chiefship in Central Provinces,

xi. 223.
Potikall, chiefship in Central Provinces,

xi. 223.
Potstone, found or quarried in :— Chital-

drug, iii. 423; Hassan, v. 346; Mysore,

x. 114 ; Salem, xii. 153 ; Tumkur, xiii.

376-
Potstone wares, made at Bhandara, ii.

365.,

Potter's clay. See Kaolin.

Pottery, article ' India,' vi. 60S ; 628.
Local notices — Ahmadabad, i. 96;
Akyab, i. 157; Alaipur, i. 161; Ali-
ganj Sewan, i. 167; Aligarh, i. 178;
Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 302 ; South
Arcot, i. 326 ; Ami, i. 331 ; Assam,



i. 367 ; Badin, i. 409 ; Baididanga,
i. 416 ; Bakarganj, i. 447 ; Bardwan,
ii. 132 ; Pattan in Baroda, ii. 159 ;
Bassein, i. 198; Betul, ii. 334; Bikaner,
ii. 442 ; Bulsar, iii. 149 ; Lower Burma,
hi. 198; Upper Burma, iii. 217; Cham-
paran, iii. 343 ; Chandpur, iii. 361 ;
Chapra, iii. 370 ; Chittagong, iii. 441 ;
Dacca, iv. 86; Darbhangah, iv. 125;
Darrang, iv. 148 ; Delhi, iv. 197 ; Dewa,
iv. 235 ; Dhandhuka, iv. 243 ; Dharam-
pur, iv. 249 ; Dhrangadra, iv. 279 ;
Doung-gyi, iv. 315; Faridpur, iv.
397 ; Garo Hills, v. 31 ; Gaya, v. 50;
Goalpara, v. 117; Haidarabad (Sind),
v. 282 ; New Hala, v. 294 ; Hantha-
wadi, v. 316 ; Hugh, v. 496 ; Inchal-
karanji, v. 510 ; Jehlam, vii. 175 ;
in Jessor, vii. 186; Jhajjar, vii. 197;
xii. 75 ; Jhalod, vii. 203 ; South
Kanara, vii. 376; Kesabpur, viii. 117 ;
Khairpur, viii. 135 ; Khanpur, viii.
164 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 178 ; Kohat,
viii. 248 ; Kolar, viii. 277 ; Kolhapur,
viii. 284; Krishnagar, viii. 317, x.
z 35> l 37 \ Kwon-chan-gon, viii. 382 ;
Kyauk-pyii, viii. 387, 388 ; Lakhim-
pur, viii. 434 ; Than, viii. 441 ;
Lohardaga, viii. 485 ; Lucknow Dis-
trict, viii. 500, city, viii. 516 ; Makhi,
ix. 215 ; Monghyr, ix. 487 ; Multan,
x.^ 13 ; Parseoni, xi. 67 ; Anhilwara
Patan, xi. 82 ; Pind Dadan Khan, xi.
183 ; Puri, xi. 308 ; Raichur, xi. 360 ;
Rampur, xi. 458, 459 ; Rangoon, xi.
479 ;^ Rohri, xii. 65 ; Saran, xii. 257 ;
Sargiija, xii. 268 ; Sawantwari, xii.
297 ; Sehwan, xii. 306 ; Kanhiwara
in Seoni, xii. 313 ; Shimoga, xii. 404 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 433 ; Sialkot, xii. 448 ;
Sirsa, xiii. 20; Susiimau, xiii. 139;
Sylhet, xiii. 154; Tando Muhammad
Khan, xiii. 179 ; Tavoy, xiii. 233 ;
Thana, xiii. 237 ; Tipperah, xiii. 319 ;
Tumkur, xiii. 379 ; Twan-te, xiii.
386, 387.
Pottinger, Major Eldred, defended Chari-

kar in first Afghan war, i. 34.
Pottinger, Sir Henry, Governor of
Madras (1848-54), ix. 67; made
commercial treaty with the Mirs of
Sind (1832), xii. 514.
Poung-day. See Paung-deh.
Poung-loung. See Paung-laung.
Powell, Col., his defeat of Shamsher

Bahadur, iii. 156.
Powlett, Major, quoted on Tijara, xiii.

294.
rownar. See Paunar.
Practical faith of the Hindus, its tolerance
and fairness to Christianity, vi. 226, 227.
Pradhans or bards of the Gonds in
M and la, ix. 304.



INDEX.



261



Prakaska, town in Bombay, xi. 223.
Pranhita, river in Central Provinces, xi.

223.
Pratapgarh. See Partabgarh.
Pratapgarh, estate in Central Provinces,

xi. 224.
Pratapgiri. See Kimedi.
Pratapnagar, village in Bengal, xi. 224.
Pratap Rao, Sivaji's general, first exacted

chanth in Berar (1671), iii. 144.
Prattipadu, village in Madras, xi. 224.
Pre-Ayran kingdoms in Northern India,

vi. 184 ; pre-Ayran civilisation, 328,

329-

Pre-BuddhisticScythianinflences in India,
connection of the Horse Sacrifice with
the Man Sacrifice of pre - Buddhistic
India, vi. 175, 176 ; 183, 184; Scythic
and Naga influences on Hinduism, and
on the religious and domestic life of
modern India, 189, 199.
Precious metals in India, imports of
treasure, article ' India,' vi. 562, 568,
569 ; gold-mining, 624, 625. See also
Gold.
Precious stones, article ' India,' vi. 9 ;
606; 628, 629; 639. See also Diamonds,
Garnets, Opals, Rubies, Sapphires, and
Turquoises.
Predatory hill races ; their conversion
from marauding tribes into peaceful
cultivators and good soldiers, vi. 71-73.
Premtoli, village in Bengal, xi. 224.
Prendergast, Colonel, defeated Viziaram
Raz of Vizianagram at Padmanabham
(1794), x. 525, xiii. 486.
Prasbyterian Missions, article ' India,' vi.

261. See also Protestant Missions.
Presidencies, Bengal, ii. 268 ; Bombay,

iii. 34-73 ; Madras, ix. 1-102.
Price's description of old Calcutta, quoted,

iii. 244, 245.
Price, Mary, curious inscription on her

tomb in Surat, xiii. 135.
Prices of staple articles of food. See
Agricultural section of each several
District article.
Pridhiman Sah, Raja of Garhwal (1803),

iv. 171, v. 18.
Primary education, article ' India,' vi.
477, 478. See also the Administrative
section of each District article, and
Campbell, Sir George, his reforms in
Bengal.
Primitive Ayran burial, article ' India,'

vi. 85-87.
Primrose, General J. M., in command at
Kandahar (Aprd 1880), and besieged
there (August 1880), vii. 395, 396.
Prince of Wales' visit to India (1875-76),

article ' India,' vi. 426.
Prinsep, Henry T., Narrative of Political
and Military Transactions of British



India tinder the Marquis of Hasting,
quoted, article ' India,' vi. 317 (foot-
note).

Prinsep, James, first deciphered the in-
scriptions on the pillars of Raja Dhava
and Asoka at Delhi, iv. 189, 192 ;
quoted, on the legend of Raja Rasalu of
Sialkot, xii. 451.

Printing presses. See the Administrative
section of each District article, and
especially Agra, i. 66 ; Ahmadabad, i.
93 ; Ajmere, i. 133 ; Aligarh, i. 176 ;
Allahabad, i. 193 ; Amritsar, i. 262 ;
Assam, i. 372 ; Bellary, ii. 247 ; Bom-
bay, iii. 71 ; Lower Burma, iii. 207 ;
Cawnpur, iii. 293 ; Chinsurah, iii. 389;
Cochin, iv. 7 ; Dacca, iv. 87 ; Dehra
Dun, iv. 175 ; Ellichpur, iv. 347 ;
Etah, iv. 364 ; Hissar, v. 342 ; Iloshi-
arpur, v. 457 ; North Kanara, vii. 374;
South Kanara, vii. 382 ; Khandesh,
viii. 158 ; Kuch Behar, viii. 326 ;
Ludhiana, viii. 524 ; Madras, ix. 116 ;
Madura, ix. 131 ; Mainpuri, ix. 210;
Malabar, ix. 234 ; Maulmain, ix. 272 ;
Meerut, ix. 390 ; Midnapur, ix. 428,
431,434; Mysore, x. 121 ; Nagarkoil,
x. 158; Nellore, x. 271; Oudh, x.
509; Saharanpur, xii. 122; Sialkot,
xii. 448; Tinnevelli, xiii. 309; Trichino-
poli, xiii. 362 ; Trivandrum, xiii. 370.

Prithwi Narayan, his conquest of Nepal
(1768), and death (1771), x. 285.

Prithwi Raja, last Chauhan ruler of
Ajmere and Delhi, defeated and put to
death by Muhammad Ghori (1 193), i.
120, iv. 191 ; defeated Parmal Deo
(1183), iii. 154; lived at Chanar, iii.
346 ; built wall round Delhi, iv. 190 ;
built fort of Loni, viii. 190.

Prithwi Singh, called in the Marathas,
and by their help became ruler of
Garhakota, v. 13.

Pritzler, General, took Purandhar (1S18),
xi. 298; stormed Sinhgarh (1818), xii.

544-
Proclamation of the Queen as Empress of

India, vi. 426.
Proddatar, town and taluk in Madras, xi.

224.
Products and Agriculture. See Agriculture

and Products.
Prome, District in Lower Burma, xi.

225-235 ; physical aspects, 225, 226 ;

history, 226-229 ; population, 229-231 ;

agriculture, 231, 232 ; manufactures,

232, 233 ; administration, 234, 235 ;

climate, 235.
Prome, town in Lower Burma, xi. 235-

237.
Protection to person and property. See
Administrative section in each District
article.



262



INDEX.



Protestant Missions in India, article
' India,' vi. 259-269 ; first translation
of the Bible into the vernacular, 260 ;
Schwartz, Kiernander, Marshman,
Carey, and Ward, 260, 261 ; opposi-
tion of the Company to Christian
missionaries, 260 ; withdrawal of the
Company's opposition, 260, 261 ;
Bishopric of Calcutta, 261 ; statistics
of Protestant Missions, 261-264. Local
notices : —

1. American Missions — (1) Baptist,
Maulmain, i. 242 ; Assam, i. 359 ;
Bassein, ii. 200, 201 ; Tura, v. 30, xiii.
384; Goalpara, v. 115, 119; Henzada,
v. 389; Kamrup, vii. 359, 360; among
the Karens, viii. 4, 6, 7 ; Lahore, viii.
408 ; Mergui, ix. 411 ; Midnapur, ix.
428, 434 ; Nellore, x. 273 ; Nowgong,
x. 410, 414 ; Ongole, x. 424 ; Pauri,
xi. 120 ; Prome, xi. 235 ; Rangoon,
xi. 481 ; Shahjahanpur, xii. 348 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 431-434; Sibsagar; xii.
464 ; Taung-ngu, xiii. 226 ; Tavoy,
xiii. 233 ; Vizagapatam, xiii. 491.
(2) Methodist, Bahraich, i. 435. (3)
Methodist Episcopalian, Bijnaur, ii.
434 ; Budaun, iii. 123, 124 ; Lahore,
viii. 408 ; Moradabad, ix. 508. (4)
Lutheran, Guntur, viii. 234 ; Rajama-
hendri, xi. 382. (5) Presbyterian,
Dehra, iv. 168, 176 ; Fatehgarh, iv.
421 ; Jalandhar, vii. 92; Jehlam, vii.
171 ; Kulu, viii. 340; Ludhiana, viii.
526 ; Mainpuri, ix. 213 ; Rurki, xii.
119; Saharanpur, xii. 1 19; Sialkot,
xii. 444 ; Subathu, xii. 495, xiii. 85.
(6) Unspecified, Ahmadnagar, i. 10 1 ;
Ambala, i. 225 ; North Arcot, i. 315 ;
Lucknow, viii. 527 ; Madura, ix. 126,
I 3 I ) 135 ; Ranipet, xi. 509; Sambhal,
xii. 187; Sonai, xiii. 57.

2. Australian Baptist Mission at
Faridpur, iv. 401, 407.

3. Baptist Missions, Benares, ii. 267;
Borsad, iii. 90 ; Chhagan Gobra, iii.
394 ; Cuttack, iv. 69 ; Dacca, iv.
83; Entalli, iv. 354; Karnul, viii. 37;
Madras Presidency, ix. 23, 24, city, ix.
116; Monghyr, ix. 484; Serampur,
xii. 318; Twenty - four Parganas,
xiii. 393. See also American and
Australian.

4. Basel Mission, Anandapur, i. 272 ;
Dharwar, iv. 260, 266 ; Guledgarh, v.
197 ; Kaiti, vii. 310 ; South Kanara,
X11 - 379> 3% 2 '■> Malabar, ix. 228 ;
Mangalore, ix. 314 ; Merkara, ix. 414 ;
Palghat, x. 543.

5. Calvinistic Mission. See Welsh.

6. Canadian Presbyterian Mission,
Indore, vii. 8.

7. Church of England Mission,



Benares, ii. 267; Bulandshahr, iii. 141;
Calicut, iii. 268 ; Cannanore, iii. 276 ;
Darrang, iv. 145 ; Lohardaga, viii.
481; Lucknow, viii. 517; Narowal, x.
214 ; Tanjore, xiii. 186 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 393.

8. Church of Scotland Mission,
North Arcot, i. 315 ; Darjiling, iv.
139; Madras, ix. 116; Sialkot, xii.
445 ; Wazirabad, xiii. 535.

9. Church Missionary Society, Agar-
para, i. 57; Batala (college), ii. 216 ;
Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 225-227; Ed-
wardesabad, iv. 339 ; Ellore, iv. 352 ;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 284 ; Kangra,
vii. 430 ; Masulipatam, viii. 234, ix.
354; Kotayam, viii. 310; Krishnagar
in Nadiya, viii. 317, x. 134; Lahore,
viii. 408 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 24,
25, city, ix. 116; Mihrpur, ix. 436;
Monghyr, ix. 484; Multan, x. 12;
Palamkotta, x. 535; Peshawar, ix. 151,
156 ; Santal Parganas, xii. 230; Shu-
jabad, xii. 426 ; Sikandra (orphanage),
xii. 481 ; Thakurpukur, xiii. 246 ;
Tinnevelli, xiii. 304 ; Travancore, xiii.
352 ; Trichur, xiii. 365 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 393.

10. Chutia Nagpur Mission, Lohar-
daga, viii. 481.

11. Danish Lutheran Missions, North
Arcot, i. 315 ; South Arcot, i. 322.

12. Episcopalian Missions. See
American Methodist, Church of Eng-
land, Church Missionary Society, and
Society for the Propagation of the
Gospel.

13. Evangelical Missions, Coimba-
tore, iv. 16 ; Gopalganj, v. 161.

14. Free Church Mission (Scotch),
Chengalpat, iii. 389 ; Chhindwara, iii.
403 ; Jalna, vii. 107 ; Kalna, vii. 340 ;
Nagpur, x. 174; Nellore, x. 265, 273;
Pachamba, x. 521.

15. German - Lutheran Missions,
Calicut, iii. 268 ; Cannanore, iii. 276 ;
Chamarlakota, iii. 328 ; Chapra, iii.
370, xii. 254 ; Lohardaga, viii. 481 ;
Madras, ix. 116; Manbhiim, ix. 282;
Nellore, x. 264 ; Sadras, xii. 94 ;
Sagar, xii. 104 ; Salem, xii. 165 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 536; Tanjore, xiii. 185;
Tranquebar (printing press), xiii. 341 ;
Trichinopoli, xiii. 365.

16. Irish Presbyterian Mission,
Rajkot, xi. 389.

17. Leipzig Mission, Coimbatore,
iv. 16.

18. London Mission, Atur, i. ^8^ ;
Bellary, ii. 249 ; Benares, ii. 267 ;
Coimbatore, iv. 16 ; Ernial, iv. 356 ;
Chikballapur in Kolar, viii. 278 ;
Madras, ix. 116; Mirzapur, ix. 462;



INDEX.



263



Mysore, x. 112; Nagarkoil, x. 15S ;
Salem, xii. 165; Travancore, xiii. 352;
Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 393 ;
Vizagapatam, xiii. 491.

19. Lutheran Missions. See Ameri-
can, Basel, Danish, German, and
Leipzig Missions.

20. Moravian Mission, Kailang, vii.
296; Kye-lang, viii. 390, 391.

21. Presbyterian Missions. See
An erican, Canadian, Irish, Scotch,
and United Presbyterian Missions ;
also Allahabad (printing press), i. 193;
and Rawal Pindi, xii. 37, which are
unspecified.

22. Punjab Religious Book Society,
Lahore, viii. 408.

23. Santal Home Mission, the San-
:al Parganas, xii. 230.

24. Scotch Presbyterian Missions.
See Church of Scotland and Free
Church.

25. Society for the Propagation of
the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Assam,
i. 359 ; Baruipur, ii. 177 ; Delhi, iv.
1S5 ; Henzada, v. 389, 390 ; Jamma-
lamadugu, vii. 129 ; Kanandagudi,
vii. 368 ; Karnal, viii. 23 ; Khari, viii.
167 ; Madras, ix. 24, 25 ; Pattukottai,
xi. 118; Radhapuram, xi. 344; Ram-
nad, xi. 451 ; Rurki, xii. 86 ; Singh -
bhum, xii. 536 ; Tanjore, xiii. 186 ;
Tinnevelli, xiii. 304 ; Trichinopoli,
xiii. 365 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii.

393-

26. United Presbyterian Mission,
Ajmere, i. 130.

27. Welsh Calvinistic Mission,
Sylhet, i. 359 ; Nong Saulia, near
Cherra Punji, iii. 392, 393 ; Khasi and
Jaintia Hills, viii. 179 ; Maw-phlang,
ix. 343 ; Sheila, xii. 378.

28. Wesleyan Mission, Madras, ix.
116; Mannargudi, ix. 338; Mysore,
x. 112 ; Negapatam, x. 258; Rangpur,
xi. 494; Sadras, xii. 94; Tanjore, xiii.
186; Trichinopoli, xiii. 365; Tumkur,
xiii. 377, 382.

29. Zenana Mission, Lahore, viii.
408 ; Nadiya, x. 134 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 393.

30. Unspecified Missions, Akola, i.
147 ; Alleppi, i. 200 ; Hoshiarpur, v.
457 ; Muthialpad and Nandial in
Karnul, viii. 37 ; Palakollu, x. 534.

Prother, Col., took Lohgarh (18 18), viii.
488 ; and Mahad, ix. 154.

Provinces of British India, Ajmere-Mer-
wara, i. 117-131 ; Assam, i. 341-374 ;
Behar, ii. 223-227 ; Bengal, ii. 269-
323 ; Bombay, iii. 34 - 73 ; Lower
Burma, iii. 167-209 ; Upper (formerly
Independent) Burma, iii. 209 - 229 ;



Central Provinces, iii. 297-323; Coorg,
iv. 28-42; Gujarat, v. 179; Berar
(llaidarabad Assigned Districts), v.
258-274 ; Madras, ix. I - 102 ; N.-W.
Provinces and Oudh, x. 354-404;
Orissa, x. 426-468; Oudh, x. 479-510;
Punjab, xi. 243 - 293 ; Rajputana, xi.
395-424; Sind, xii. 502-525.

Provincial administration, ' Regulation '
and ' Non-Regulation ' territory, Dis-
trict officers and their duties, article
' India,' vi. 434-437.

Prussian and Embden East India Com-
panies (1750 and 1753), Dutch and
English jealousy of, and their downfall,
vi. 374-376.

Ptolemy, the Greek geographer, quoted
or referred to, on Amber, i. 228 ; the
Andaman Islands, i. 283 ; Andhra, i.
287 ; Arcot, i. 308 ; Banavasi, ii. 45,
xii. 400; Bassein, ii. 194; his 'Golden
Chersonese,' the delta of the Irawadi,
iii. 172, 220 ; Calimere Point, iii. 270;
Pushkalavati, iii. 373; Chaul, iii. 376;
Chola, iii. 455 ; Dipalpur, iv. 304 ;
Dravida, iv. 316 ; Ghorbandar, v. 74,
75 ; the Himalaya Mountains, v. 401 ;
the Jehlam, vii. 165; Kaladgi, vii. 315;
Kalinjar, vii. 331 ; the Savars, vii.
401; Karur, viii. 51; Kayal, viii. 107,
286 ; Kolaba, viii. 262 ; the Konkan,
viii. 290 ; the Kori, viii. 298 ; Kotar,
viii. 309; the Pandyan kingdom, ix.
122, xi. 42; Maharashtra, ix. 166; the
Maldive Islands, ix. 250 ; Masura, ix.
357 ; Mro-haung, ix. 523 ; Multan, x.
3 ; Muttra, x. 43 ; the Narbada, x.
207 ; Nevti, x. 292 ; Nosari, x. 405 ;
Oudh, x. 484 ; Paithan, x. 530 ; Surat,
xiii. 120; the Sutlej, xiii. 141 ; Uraiyur
(Trichinopoli), xiii. 364.

Public Works expenditure, article ' India,'
vi. 469, 470. See also Means of com-
munication, Railway systems, Roads,
Canals, etc.

Pubna. See Pabna.

Pudukottai, Native State in Madras, xi.
237, 238.

Pudukottai, chief town of State in
Madras, xi. 238.

Pukhra, town in Oudh, xi. 239.

Pulali. See Palali.

Pulgaon, railway station in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 239.

Puliangudi, town in Madras, xi. 239.

Puliars, wild aboriginal tribe in Madras,
article 'India,' vi. 55. Local notices —
Anaimudi, i. 268 ; Anamalai Hills, i.
271 ; Coimbatore, iv. 17 ; Palni Moun-
tains, xi. 18.

Pulicat, town in Madras, earliest Dutch
settlement in India, xi. 239, 240.

Pulikonda, village in Madras, xi. 240.



264



INDEX.



Pi'ilivendala, town and taluk in Madras,
xi. 240.

Pullampet, town and taluk in Madras,
xi. 240, 241.

Pulney. See Palni.

Pulses, Cultivation of, article ' India,' vi.
489. Local notices — Mount Abu, i. 7 ;
Agra, i. 64 ; Ahmadabad, i. 90 ;
Ahmadnagar, i. 103 ; Ajmere-Mer-
wara, i. 125 ; Akalkot, i. 137 ; Akola,
i. 143, 144; Aligarh, i. 175; Allah-
abad, i. 189 ; Alwar, i. 205 ; Ambala,
i. 220 ; Amraoti, i. 247 ; Amritsar, i.
259; North Arcot, i. 316; South
Arcot, i. 323 ; Assam, i. 362 ; Aundh,
i. 384 ; Azamgarh, i. 398 ; Bakarganj,
i. 445 ; Balasinor, i. 460 ; Ballia, ii.
21; Bamra, ii. 42; Banda, ii. 50;
Bangalore, ii. 63 ; Bankura, ii. 83 ;
Bannu, ii. 94 ; Bardwan, ii. 130 ;
Bareilly, ii. 142; Basti, ii. 211; Bel-
gaum, ii. 235 ; Bellary, ii. 245 ;
Benares, ii. 258; Bengal, ii. 271;
Betul, ii. 331; Bhandara, ii. 364;
Birbhum, iii. 5 ; Bogra, iii. 29 ;
Bombay, iii. 53 ; Bonai, iii. 86 ;
Borasambar, iii. 89 ; Broach, iii. 107 ;
Budaun, iii. 120 ; Bulandshahr, iii.
x 56, 157; Buldana, iii. 146; Bundel-
khand, iii. 152 ; Biindi, iii. 159 ; Upper
Burma, iii. 210; Cachar, iii. 236;
Cambay, iii. 271 ; Cawnpur, iii. 285 ;
Central India, iii. 291 ; Champaran,
iii. 341 ; Chanda, iii. 352 ; Chandra-
pur, iii. 365 ; Chengalpat, iii. 386 ;
Chitaldrug, iii. 425 ; Chittagong, iii.
439 ; Coimbatore, iv. 18 ; Cuddapah,
iv. 52 ; Cutch, iv. 61 ; Cuttack, iv.
71 ; Dacca, iv. 85; Daphla Hills, iv.
119; Darjiling, iv. 134; Delhi, iv.
183; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv. 214;
Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 224 ; Dhar, iv.
246 ; Dharampur, iv. 249 ; Dharwar,
iv. 263 ; Dinajpur, iv. 294 ; Dungar-
pur, iv. 323 ; Ellichpur, iv. 345 ;
Etawah, iv. 374 ; Faizabad, iv. 384 ;
Faridpur, iv. 403 ; Fatehpur, iv. 427 ;
Firozpur, iv. 443 ; Garo Hills, v. 30 ;
Gaya, v. 49 ; Ghazipur, v. 67 ; Goda-
vari, v. 127; Gonda, v. 152; Goona,
v. 159; Gorakhpur, v. 169; Gujran-
wala, v. 184; Gujrat, v. 193 ; Gurdas-
pur, v. 210, 211; Gurgaon, v. 220;
Gwalior, v. 228 ; Hamirpur, v. 302 ;
Hazaribagh, v. 375 ; Hissar, v. 430 ;
Hoshiarpur, v. 455 ; Hugh', v. 494 ;
Indore, vii. 2 ; Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Jalal-
abad, vii. 75 ; jalandhar, vii. 88 ;
Jalaun, vii. 98 ; Jamkhandi, vii. 127 ;
Jath, vii. 148; Jaunpur, vii. 155;
Jessor, vii. 187 ; Jhabua, vii. 195 ;
Jhang, vii. 210 ; Jhansi, vii. 223 ;
Jodhpur, vii. 238 ; junagarh, vii. 262 ;



Kaira, vii. 303 ; Kaladgi, vii. 317 ;
Kamriip, vii. 372 ; South Kanara, vii.
380 ; Karauli, vii. 472 ; Karnal, viii.
24 ; Karniil, viii. 37 ; Karond, viii.
46 ; Kashmir, viii. 72 ; Kathi, viii.
87; Khairagarh, viii. 130; Khairpur,
viii. 136; Khandesh, viii. 156; Khasi
Hills, viii. 177 ; Kheri, viii. 193 ;
Khulna, viii. 207 ; Kistna, viii. 230 ;
Kohat, viii. 247; Kolabira, viii. 271 ;
Kolar, viii. 276 ; Kondka, viii. 288 ;
Korea, viii. 297 ; Kuch Behav, viii.
323 ; Kulu, viii. 342 ; Kumaun, viii.
354 ; Kurundwad, viii. 376 ; Lahore,



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