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viii. 410 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 433 ; Lalit-
pur, viii. 452, 453 ; Larkhana, viii.
463 ; Lohardaga, viii. 483 ; Lucknow,
viii. 497 ; Ludhiana, viii. 522 ; Madras
Presidency, ix. 30, 87, 88 ; Maduia,
128, 129 ; Maimansingh, ix. 195 ;
Mainpuri, ix. 208 ; Makrai, ix. 215 ;
Malabar, ix. 229; Maldah, ix. 244;
Western Malwa, ix. 269 ; Manbhum.
ix. 283 ; Manipur, ix. 331 ; Manpur,
lx ' 339 ; Mansa, ix. 340 ; Meerut, ix.
3S7 ; Mehar, ix. 397 ; Midnapur, ix.
429; Miraj, ix. 440; Mirzapur, ix.
458; Montgomery, ix. 498; Moracl-
abad, ix. 509 ; Mudhol, ix. 527 ; Mul-
tan, x. 7 ; Murshidabad, x. 26, 29 ;
Muttra, x. 48 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 61 ;
Muzaffarnagar, x. 72 ; Mysore, x.
100; Nadiya, x. 135, 136; Nasik, x.
232 ; Nawanagar, x. 252 ; Nepal, x.
277; Noakhali, x. 347; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 377; Nowgong, x. 411;
Orissa, x. 459 ; Oudh, x. 501 ; Pabna,
x. 515 ; Palanpur, x. 537 ; Panch
Mahals, xi. 32; Partabgarh, xi. 71;
Patna District, xi. 101, State, xi. 115 ;
Peshawar, xi. 153; Phaltan, xi. 164;
Phuljhar, xi. 168; Poona, xi. 207;
Porbandar, xi. 215; Punjab, xi. 278;
Puri, xi. 306 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ;
Raipur, xi. 373 ; Rairakhol, xi. ^y& ;
Rajputana, xi. 418 ; Rajshahi, xi. 433 ;
Ramdrug, xi. 441 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 8 ;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 29 ; Rohtak, xii. 73 ;
Saharanpur, xii. 120; Salem, xii. 160;
Sangli, xii. 218 ; Santal Parganas, xii.
232 ; Saran, xii. 255 ; Sarangarh, xii.
260; Satara, xii. 281; Savanur, xii. 293;
Sawantwari, xii. 296 ; Shahabad, xii.
329 ; Shajahanpur, xii. 349 ; Shahpur,
xii. 365 ; Shikarpur, xii. 393 ; Shola-
pur, xii. 415 ; Sialkot, xii. 446 ;
Simla, xii. 493 ; Sind, xii. 520 ;
Sirohi, xiii. 5 ; Sirsa, xiii. 16 ; Sita-
pur, xiii. 34 ; Sonpur, xiii. 63 ; Sultan-
pur, xiii. 100; Sunth, xiii. 114; Supa,
xiii. 116; Surat, xiii. 126; Sylhet,
xiii. 152; Tanjore, xiii. 188; Tarai,
xiii. 209 ; Thana, xiii. 255 ; Tinne-



INDEX.



265



velli, xiii. 306; Tipperah, xiii. 317;
Trichinopoli, xiii. 360 ; Tumkur, xiii.
378 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 394,
395 ; Udaipur, xiii. 402 ; Wainad, xiii.
510; Wao, xiii. 519; Wun, xiii. 543.

Pulu, creek in Lower Burma, xi. 241.

Pumice stone, found in Aden, i. 15.

Piin, valuable timber tree, found in Bom-
bay, iii. 45 ; Cochin, iv. 2 ; Coorg,
iv. 32 ; Western Ghats, v. 59 ; Hassan,
v. 346 ; South Kanara, vii. 376 ;
Malabar, ix. 229; Padinalknad, x.
525 ; Shimoga, xii. 400 ; Travancore,
xiii. 344.

Puna. See Poona.

Punadra, petty State in Bombay, xi. 241.

Punakha, winter capital of Bhutan, xi.
241.

Punamallu, town and cantonment in
Madras, xi. 241, 242.

Punasa,town in Central Provinces, xi. 242.

Pundri, town in Punjab, xi. 242.

Pundur, tract in Punjab, xi. 242.

Punganur, town and estate in Madras, xi.
242, 243.

Punjab, Province under Lieut. -Governor,
xi. 243 - 293 ; physical aspects, 244-
259 ; mountain systems, 247 - 250 ;
the Sulaimans, 247 ; the Aravallis,
247 ; the Himalayan system, 247-249 ;
the Western Himalayas, 248 ; the
Mid - Himalayas, 248 ; the Outer
Himalayas, 248, 249 ; the hills of
Simla and Hazara, 249 ; the Siwaliks,
249 ; the Salt Range and Peshawar
Hills, 249, 250 ; the River system, 250-

252 ; the Jumna, 251 ; the Indus,
251 ; the Sutlej, 251 ; the Chenab,
251; the Beas and Ravi, 252; the
Jehlam, 252 ; the Punjab Plains, 252,

253 ; the Himalayan Tract, 253, 254 ;
the Submontane Tract, 254 ; the
Eastern Plains, 255, 256 ; the Western
Plains, 256, 257 ; natural divisions of
Western Plains. 257, 258 ; the Salt
Range Tract, 258 ; flora and fauna,
259 ; history, 259-267 ; the Mutiny,
267-270 ; form of administration, 270,
271 ; population, 271-277 ; the Punjab
'village,' 276; occupations of the
people, 277 ; agriculture, 277-286 ;
forests, 280 ; canals, 281 ; land ten-
ures, 281-286; commerce and trade,
286, 287 ; communications, 287 ; ad-
ministration, 288-291 ; jails and police,
288 ; revenue and expenditure, 289 ;
military, 290 ; education, 290 ; tem-
perature and climate, 291 ; rainfall,
292 ; medical aspects, 292, 293.

Punjab Native States, xi. 293-296 ; rela-
tions with Government, 293 ; area,
population, etc., 294 ; religion, 295 ;
race, 295 ; chiefs who are minors. 295.



Punnah. See Panna.

Pun-na-riep. See Pon-na-riep.

Punniar. See Panniar.

Punpiin, river of Bengal, xi. 296.

Pur, town in Rajputana, xi. 296.

Puraiyar, town in Madras, xi. 296.

Puranas, The, their place in Indian
literature, vi. 216, 217.

Purandhar, Sub-division in Bombay, xi.
296, 297.

Purandhar, historic hill fort in Bombay,
xi. 297, 298.

Puranigudam, village in Assam, xi. 299.

Purara, chiefship in Central Provinces,
xi. 299.

Purchas, quoted, on the population of
Bengal, ii. 270; of Noakhali, x. 341 ;
on Pegu, xi. 126, 127 ; on Sandwip
Island in 1620, xii. 210; on Satgaon,
xii. 286.

Puri, District in Orissa, xi. 299-309 ;
physical aspects, 299 - 301 ; history,
3 OI "303 ; population, 303-305 ; ma-
terial condition of the people, 305 ;
agriculture, 306, 307 ; natural calami-
ties, 307 ; manufactures, 308 ; admini-
stration, 308, 309 ; temperature, 309.

Puri, Sub-division in Orissa, xi. 309, 310.

Puri, sacred town in Orissa, xi. 310-320.
See also Jagannath and Orissa.

Purla Kimedi. See Parla Kimedi and
Kimedi.

Purna, river of Berar, xi. 320.

Purnabhaba, river of Bengal, xi. 320, 321.

Purnaiya, Diwan of Mysore, founded
Closepet (1800), iii. 471 ; his admini-
stration of Mysore (1799-1810), x.
95 ; called Papanalli, Srinivaspur,
after his son, xiii. 79 ; granted jdgir
of Yelandur by the British (1807), xiii.
552.

Purngarh, port in Bombay, xi. 321.

Purniah, District in Bengal, xi. 321-33 1 ;
physical aspects, 321-323; rivers, 322,
323 ; wild animals, 323 ; history, 323,
324; population, 324-326; religion,
325, 326 ; urban and rural population,
326 ; agriculture, 326, 327 ; natural
calamities, 327, 328 ; manufactures,
328 ; means of communication, 329 ;
administration, 329, 330 ; medical
aspects, 330, 331.

Purniah, Sub-division in Bengal, xi. 331.

Purniah, town in Bengal, xi. 331, 332.

Purulia, town and Sub-division in Ben-
gal, xi. 332.

Purushottapur, town in Madras, xi. 332,

333;

Purwa, town, tahsil, and pargand in

Oudh, 333.
Pus, river of Berar, xi. 334.
Pusa, Government village and tobacco

farm in Bengal, xi. 334.



2 66



INDEX.



Pusad, town and taluk in Berar, xi. 334,

335;

Pusesavli, town in Bombay, xi. 335.

Pushkar, sacred town and lake in Rajput-
ana, xi. 335.

Pushpa-giri, mountain peak in S. India,

xi - 335-
Putera. See Pitihra.
Puthanapuram, taluk in Travancore, xi.

336.
Putur, town in Madras, xi. 336.
Pii-zun-daung, river in Lower Burma, xi.

336-
Pwo, one of the chief tribes of the

Karens, viii. 3 ; in Upper Burma, iii.

213.
Pya-ma-law, one of the mouths of the

Irawadi, xi. 336.
Pya-pun, township in Lower Burma, xi.

33^
Pya-pun, village and creek in Lower

Burma, xi. 337.
Pyaw-bhway, village in Lower Burma,

xj. 337-
Pyin-gado, valuable timber tree, found

in Akyab, i. 150; Amherst, i. 234;

Bassein, ii. 193 ; Lower Burma, iii.

204 ; Hanthawadi, v. 313 ; Henzada,

v. 384 ; Hlaing, v. 435 ; Hpaung-lin,

v. 466 ; on the Hpyu river, v. 466 ;

Kyauk-pyu, viii. 385 ; Pa-daung, x.

523 ; Prome, xi. 226 ; Rangoon, xi.

473 ; Sandoway, xii. 199 ; Shwe-gyin,

xii. 430 ; Taung-ngu, xiii. 221 ; Tavoy,

xiii. 228 ; Thayet-myo, xiii. 279.
Pykara, river in Madras, xi. 337.
Pyouk-seit, town in Lower Burma, xi.

331-
Pyrard, quoted, on the ladies of Goa, v.

102 ; shipwrecked on the Maldive

Islands (1602), his 'adventures,' xi.

249.
Pyu. See Hpyu.
Pyun-wa, creek in Lower Burma, xi. 337.



Quarries, Agra, i. 65 ; AhmaJabad, i.
84; Ajmere-Merwara, i. 119; Allah-
abad, i. 186 ; North Arcot, i. 312 ;
South Arcot, i. 327 ; Bachireddipalem,
i. 406 ; Banda, ii. 47 ; Bangalore, ii.
59 ; Bankura, ii. 79 ; Bhandara, ii.
361 ; Bhartpur, ii. 372 ; Bhatala, ii.
376 ; Bikaner, ii. 439 ; Bilaspur, ii.
452 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 44 ;
Budaun, iii. 117 ; Chandausi, iii. 357 ;
Chitta Pahar, iii. 453 ; Coimbatore, iv.
15; Coorg, iv. 32; Cutch, iv. 60;
Danta, iv. 118; Dholpur, iv. 273;
Dowlaishvaram, iv. 315 ; Dungarpur,
iv. 322 ; Edar, iv. 337 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ;



Garhbori, v. 14 ; Garo Hills, v. 26 ;
Godavari, v. 123 ; Guledgarh, v. 197 ;
Gwalior, v. 227 ; Haidarabad State,
v. 241 ; Hassan, v. 346; Hoshangabad,
v. 443 ; Hoshiarpur, v. 452 ; Jabalpur,
v 'ii- 35 5 Jafarabad, vii. 39 ; Jaintia
Hills, vii. 49 ; Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Jalpai-
guri, vii. 109; Jambulghata, vii. 121 ;
Janjira, vii. 140; Jehlam, vii. 174;
Jhang, vii. 206 ; Jodhpur, vii. 239 ;
Kadaba, vii. 278 ; Kangra, vii. 413 ;
Karauli, vii. 471 ; Karnul, viii. 35,
41 ; Khairagarh, viii. 129 ; Bhusawal,
viii. 151 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 171 ;
Kolar, viii. 273 ; Kolhapur, viii. 281 ;
Kurwai, viii. 378 ; Langrin, viii. 460 ;
Western Malwa, ix. 268 ; Monghyr,
ix. 480 ; Abhaipur, ix. 487 ; Muttra,
x. 45 ; Mysore, x. 92 ; Nellore, x.
261; Nilgiri Hills, x. 325; N.-W.
Provinces, x. 396 ; Partabgarh, xi. 76 ;
Patiala, xi. 87 ; Patna District, xi. 94 ;
Pirpainti, xi. 187 ; Porbandar, xi. 215 ;
Rajputana, xi. 402 ; Sambalpur, xii.
179 ; Sandoway, xii. 200 ; Santal
Parganas, xii. 234 ; Sawantwari, xii.
296 ; Shahabad, xii. 324 ; Shiurajpur,
xii. 409; Sirmur, xii. 554; Tumkur,
xiii. 376 ; Wardha, xiii. 524.

Quartz, found in the Anamalai Hills, i.
270 ; Aravalli Hills, i. 307, 308 ;
Belgaum, ii. 231; Bhandara, ii. 360;
Dharwar, iv. 258 ; Dubrajpur, iv. 318 ;
Dungarpur, iv. 322 ; Hassan, v. 346 ;
the Hindu Kush, v. 417 ; Hoshang-
abad, v. 442; Jabalpur, vii. 30; Jhansi,
vii. 216; Jodhpur, vii. 236; Kaira,
vii. 300 ; South Kanara, vii. 375 ;
Madras, ix. 4, 5 ; Madura, ix. 121 ;
Mattod, ix. 366; Mysore State, x. 91,
92, District, x. 114; Nellore, x. 272;
Palni Mountains, xi. 17 ; Rajagriha
Hills, xi. 380 ; Rewa, xii. 45 ; Sando-
way, xii. 200 ; Sandur, xii. 206, 207 ;
Sirohi, xiii. 2; Sirsi, xiii. 21 ; Tavoy,
xiii. 228 ; Udaipur, xiii. 401.

Quetta, district of Baluchistan under
British administration, xi. 337, 338.

Quetta, town and cantonment in Balu-
chistan, xi. 338.

Quilandi, town in Madras, xi. 338, 339.

Quilon, taluk in Travancore, xi. 339.

Quilon, town and historic port in Travan-
core, xi. 339, 340.

Quinine. See Cinchona.



R



Raban, Captain, commanded expedition
against the Lushais (1861), xiii. 315.

Rabhas, aboriginal tribe in Assam, i.
351 ; Darrang, iv. 145 ; Garo Hills, v.



INDEX.



267



28; Goalpara, v. 115; Kamrup, vii.

359 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 431.
Rabkavi, town in Bombay, xi. 340.
Rabkob, village with gold mine in Chutia

Nagpur, xi. 340.
Rabnabad, estuary in Gangetic delta,

xi. 340, 341.
Rabnabad, islands in Gangetic delta, xi.

341-

Rabupura, town in N.-W. Provinces, xi.

341-

Race-courses, Bangalore, ii. 66 ; Cawn-
pur, iii. 289 ; Gaya, v. 53 ; Jamalpur,
vii. 119; Mirzapur, ix. 462; Morad-
abad, ix. 513 ; Peshawar, xi. 161 ;
Sonpur, xiii. 63.

Race origin of caste modified by 'occu-
pation' and ' locality,' article 'India,'
vi. 192, 193.

Radaur, town in Punjab, xi. 341.

Radhanpur, Native State in Bombay, xi.

341-343.
Radhanpur, chief town of Native State

in Bombay, xi. 343.
Radhapuram, town in Madras, xi. 344.
Rae Bareli. See Rai Bareli.
Raegarh. See Raigarh.
Raeka. See Raika.
Raekot. See Raikot.
Raesen. See Raisin.
Raft Festival, The, at Murshidabad,x. 35.
Ragauli, hill fort in N.-W. Provinces, xi.

344-

Raghuba, claimant to the Peshwaship in
Baroda, ii. 162 ; favourite residence
Kopargaon, viii. 293 ; action with
Trimbak Rao at Pandharpur (1774),
xi. 37.

Raghubar Dayal, contractor for the
taxes of Bahraich (1846-47), ruined
that District, i. 429.

Raghugarh, chief township in Central
India, xi. 344.

Raghugarh, town in Central India, xi. 345.

Raghunandan, hill range in Assam, xi.

345-
Raghunathapuram, town in Madras, xi.

345-

Raghunathpur, hill in Bengal, xi. 345.

Rtigi. See Millets.

Raha, village in Assam, xi. 345.

Rahatgarh, town in Central Provinces,
xi. 345. 346.

Rahimatpur, town in Bombay, xi. 346.

Rahimnagar Pandiawan, town in Oudh,
xi. 346.

Rahman-Garh, hill in Mysore, xi. 347.

Rahon, town in Punjab, xi. 347.

Rahtor Rajputs, the dominant clan in
Ajmere-Merwara, i. 123 ; Mallani, ix.
261 ; Rajputana, xi. 409, 410.

Rahuri, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xi. 347, 348.



Rai, port in Bombay, xi. 348.

Rai Bareli, Division or Commissionership
in Oudh, xi. 348-351.

Rai Bareli, District in Oudh, xi. 351-359;
changes of jurisdiction, 351, 352 ;
physical aspects, 352, 353 ; popula-
tion, 353, 354 ; agriculture, 354-357 ;
natural calamities, 356 ; land tenures,
357 ; means of communication, 357 ;
administration, 357, 358 ; medical
aspects, 358, 359.

Rai Bareli, tahsil in Oudh, xi. 359.

Rai Bareli, town in Oudh, xi. 359, 360.

Raichur, town and fort in the Deccan,
xi. 360.

Raidhak, river of N. Bengal, xi. 361.

Raidrug, Sub - division of Madras, xi.
361.

Raidrug, town and historic hill fort in
Madras, xi. 361, 362.

Raids by hill tribes, by the Abars, i. 1,2;
on Agror, i. 78 ; by the Akas, i. 135,
136 ; by the Angami Nagas into Assam,
i. 345 ; into Bannu, ii. 92 ; Bhagal-
pur, ii. 345 ; by the Bhutias, ii. 417 ;
into Birbhum, iii. 2, 3 ; into Cachar,
iii. 232 ; by the Lushais into the
Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 448 ; by
the Daphlas, iv. 120 ; into Darrang,
iv. 144 ; into Dera Ghazi Khan, iv.
212 ; by the Garos, v. 27 ; into Hill
Tipperah, v. 397 ; by the Jaintias, vii.
47 ; by the Khamtis into Lakhimpur,
viii. 429 ; by the Lushais, viii. 530,
531 ; into Maimansingh, ix. 193 ; of
the Nagas, x. 144-146; on the Salwin
Hill Tracts, xii. 176 ; of the Singphos,
xii. 542 ; into Sylhet, xiii. 146 ; of the
Lushais into Tipperah, xiii. 314; on
the Upper Sind Frontier, xiii. 442-

445-

Raiganj, town in Bengal, xi. 362.

Raigarh, Native State in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 362, 363.

Raigarh, chief town of State in Central
Provinces, xi. 363.

Raigarh, historic hill fort in Bombay, xi.
363, 364 ; enthronement of Sivaji as
an independent monarch at (1674),
article ' India,' vi. 319, xi. 364.

Raigarh, town in Oudh, xi. 364.

Raika, petty State in Bombay, xi. 364.

Raikes, Mr., quoted, on the exactions of
the Talpur Mirs in Thar and Parkar,
xiii. 264.

Raikot, town in Punjab, xi. 364, 365.

Railway system of India, inaugurated by
Lord Dalhousie, article ' India,' vi.

545 ; extended by Lord Mayo, 545,

546 ; the eight guaranteed trunk lme>,
546, 547 ; State and ' Assisted ' rail-
ways, 547, 548 ; railways in Native
States, 548, 549 ; statistics of traffic



268



INDEX.



and capital invested, 549, 550. Ses
also Means of Communication section
in each Provincial and District article ;
and especially Agra, i. 65, 66 ; Allah-
abad, i. 192 ; Ambala, i. 222 ; Am-
ritsar, i. 261 ; Arkonam, i. 331 ; Ban-
galore, ii. 64, 70; Bardwan, ii. 132;
Baroda, ii. 166 ; Behar, ii. 224 ;
Bengal, ii. 313, 314 ; Bhaunagar, ii.
380 ; Bhopal, ii. 405 ; Bhusawal, ii.
411; Bombay, iii. 61, 64; Calcutta,
iii. 267 ; Cawnpur, iii. 292 ; Central
Provinces, iii. 320 ; Coimbatore, iv.
20 ; Darjiling, iv. 138 ; Delhi, iv. 184,
196 ; Dharwar, iv. 264 ; Firozpur, iv.
445 ; Ghazipur, v. 69 ; Goa, v. 94 ;
Gwalior, v. 228 ; Haidarabad, v. 248 ;
Berar, v. 271 ; Hiigli, v. 496 ; Indore,
vii. 3, 4 ; Jabalpur, vii. 35 ; Jaipur,
vii. 54 ; Jehlam, vii. 175 ; Jessor, vii.
189 ; Karachi, vii. 449 ; Kathiawar,
viii. 94, 95; Lahore, viii. 411, 418;
Lucknow, viii. 516 ; Madras Presi-
dency, ix. 60, city, ix. 115 ; Mirzapur,
ix. 459 ; Miiltan, x. 8 ; Mysore, x.
107, 108; N.-W. Provinces, x. 396,
397 ; Oudh, x. 507 ; Patna, xi. 102 ;
Peshawar, xi. 155; Poona, xi. 208;
Punjab, xi. 287 ; Rangoon, xi. 480 ;
Rawal Pindi, xii. 33 ; Saharanpur, xii.
122; Shahjahanpur, xii. 352; Sialkot,
xii. 448 ; Sind, xii. 523 ; Tanjore, xiii.
191 ; Thana, xiii. 256, 257 ; Tinne-
velli, xiii. 308, 309 ; Trichinopoli, xiii.
361 ; Tuticorin, xiii. 386 ; Twenty-four
Parganas, xiii. 397. See also Bridges.

Railway works, Bhusawal, ii. 411 ; Igat-
puri, v. 506; Jamalpur, vii. 119;
Lucknow, viii. 516.

Raimangal, estuary of the Gangetic delta,
xi. 365.

Raimatla. See Matla.

Raina, village in Bengal, xi. 365.

Rainfall, Himalayan, article ' India,' vi.
7 ; Western Ghats, 38 ; statistics of
rainfall for 435 Indian stations, 649,
650. See also Meteorological statistics.

Raingarh, hill fort in Punjab, xi. 365,

Raipur, District in Central Provinces, xi.

366-376 ; physical aspects, 366-368 ;

history, 368-370 ; population, 370-373 ;

agriculture, 373, 374 ; trade, 374, 375 ;

administration, 375 ; medical aspects,

375> 376.
Raipur, tahsil in Central Provinces, xi.

376.
Raipur, town and cantonment in Central

Provinces, xi. 376-378.
Raipur, tahsil in Oudh, xi. 378.
Rairakhol, petty State in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 378, 379.
Rairi, hill fort in Bombay, xi. 379.



Rai Sankli, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.
380.

Raisin, fort in Central India, xi. 380.

Rai Singh, brother of the Raja of Jodh-
pur, conquered Edar (1729), recovered
it (1753), and ruled till 1766, iv.

237.

Rai Singh, Sikh conqueror, rebuilt Jaga-
dhri (1783) and made it a manufactur-
ing town, vii. 40.

Rajaborari, State forest in Central Pro-
vinces, xi. 380.

Rajagriha, hill range in Bengal, xi. 380.

Rajagriha, Buddhist ruins in Bengal, xi.
380, 381.

Rajahmundry. See Rajamahendri.

Raja Jang, town in Bengal, xi. 381.

Rajakularaman, town in Madras, xi. 381,
382.

Rajamahendri, taluk in Madras, xi. 382.

Rajamahendri, historic town in Madras,
xi. 382, 383.

Rajanpur, town and tahsil in Punjab, xi.

383, 384. . . o
Rajapalaiyam, town in Madras, xi. 384.
Rajapur, Sub-division in Bombay, xi.

384.
Rajapur, ancient town in Bombay, xi.

384, 385-

Rajapur, commercial town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xi. 385, 386.

Raja Ram, king of Vijayanagar, defeated
by the kings of Bijapur, Golconda, and
Ahmadnagar (1564) at Talikot, i. 108,
ii. 424.

Raja Sahib, besieged Clive in Arcot
(1751), i. 309, 310.

Raja Sansi, town in Punjab, xi. 386.

Rajauli, town in Bengal, xi. 386.

Rajbhars. See Bhars.

Rajbansis. See Kochs.

Rajendra Lakshmi, ruled Nepal as regent
for her son (1775-86), x. 285, 286.

Rajendra Singh, Raja of Jaintia, deposed
(1815) for sacrificing British subjects,
vii. 46, 47.

Rajgarh, State in Central India, xi. 386,

387.
Rajgarh, petty State in Central India,

xi. 387.
Rajgarh, pargand in Central Provinces,

xi. 387.
Rajgarh, fort in Punjab, xi. 387.
Rajgarh, town in Rajputana, xi. 387.
Rajghat, fort in N.-W. Provinces, xi.

3 8 7-
Rajgir. See Rajagriha.
Rajim, town in Central Provinces, xi.

388.
Rajkot, State in Kathiawar, xi. 388,

389- , ,

Rajkot, chief town of State in Kathiawar,
xi. 389.



INDEX.



269



Rajmahal, Sub-division in Bengal, xi.

389, 390.
Rajmahal, historic town in Bengal, xi.

390.
Rajmahal Hills, range in Bengal, xi.

39°-
Rajnagar, town in Rajputana, xi. 391.
Rajnagar. See Xagar.
Kajndld, The, a history of the Rajas of

Hill Tipperah, the oldest Bengali

poem extant, v. 396.
Rajoli, estate in Central Provinces, xi.

391.

Raj pare, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.

39i.
Rajpipla, State in Bombay, xi. 391-393.
Rajpipla, old capital of State in Bombay,

xi. 393-
Rajpur, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.

393-
Rajpur, petty State in Bombay, xi. 393.
Rajpur, town in Bengal, xi. 393, 394.
Rajpura, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.

394-

Rajpur Ali, State in Central India, xi.

394, 395-

Rajputana, group of Native States, xi.
395-424 ; area and population, 395 ;
physical aspects, 396-403 ; rivers and
water system, 399, 400 ; hill ranges,
400 ; geology, 400-402 ; forests, 402 ;
history, 403-407 ; population, 407-417 ;
religious sects, 416 ; agriculture, 417-
420; land tenures, 418-420 ; industrial
occupations, 420, 421 ; climate and
hygiene, 421-424.

Rajputana literature and sacred poetry,
vi. 344.

Rajputs, their reputed Scythian origin,
article 'India,' vi. 180; number of
Rajput castes in modern India, 194 ;
distribution of Rajputs in the 12th
century A.D., 276, 277; Rajput revolts
against the Slave kings, 280 ; against
the Khilji dynasty, 282 ; against the
Tughlak dynasty, 284 ; conciliation of
Rajputs by Akbar, 293 ; revolt against
Jahangir, 301 ; against Aurangzeb, [
309, 310. Local notices of Rajputs
and Kshattriyas, where specially
numerous or otherwise important,
Ahmadabad, i. 85, 86 ; Ajmere-Mer-
wara, i. 122 ; Aligarh, i. 172 ; Allah-
abad, i. 189 ; Alwar, i. 203 ; Azam-
garh, i. 395 ; Ballia, ii. 19, 20 ;
Banda, ii. 50 ; Bengal, ii. 296 ; Bom-
bay, iii. 51 ; Broach, iii. 104 ; Budaun,
iii. 121 ; Bulandshahr, iii. 135; Cawn-
pur, iii. 283 ; Central India, iii. 295 ;
Central Provinces, iii. 316 ; Champaran,
iii. 338 ; Cuddapah, iv. 50 ; Cutch, iv.
61 ; Dehra Dun, iv. 173 ; Dungarpur,
iv. 323 ; Etah, iv. 361 ; Etawah, iv.



373; Faizdbad, iv. 383; Farukhabad,
iv. 412 ; Fatehpur, iv. 425 ; Firozpur,
iv. 440, 442 ; Gaya, v. 46 ; Gonda, v.
150; Gujranwala, v. 183; Gujrat, v.
191, 192 ; Gwalior, v. 229 ; Ilamirpur,
v. 301 ; Hardoi, v. 325 ; Hazaribagh,
v. 3J3 ; Hissar, v. 429 ; Hoshiarpur,
v. 454 ; Jaipur, vii. 53 ; Jaisalmer, vii.
67 ; jalandhar, vii. 87 ; Jalaun, vii.
97 ; Jehlam, vii. 170 ; Jhang, vii. 207-
209 ; Jhansi, vii. 222 ; Jodhpur, vii.
237 ; Kaira, vii. 302 ; Kangra, vii.
418 ; Karauli, vii. 472 ; Karnal, viii.
23 ; Khairpur, viii. 135 ; Khandesh,
viii. 154; Kumaun, viii. 353; Lohar-
daga, viii. 481 ; Lucknow, viii. 493,
494 ; Ludhiana, viii. 521 ; Madras, ix.
19; Mainpuri, ix. 205; Mallani, ix.
261 ; Malwa, ix. 269 ; Meerut, ix.
387 ; Multan, x. 6 ; Muzaffarnagar, x.
71 ; Muzaffarpur, x. 79 ; Orissa, x.
435 ; Oudh, x.495 ; Purniah, xi. 325 ;
Rai Bareli, xi. 354 ; Raipur, xi. 372 ;
Rajputana, xi. 409, 410 ; Rawal Pindi,
xii. 26 ; Rohtak, xii. 71, 72; Saharan-
pur, xii. 118; Saran, xii. 253; Shah-
abad, xii. 327 ; Shahjahanpur, xii.
347 ; Sialkot, xii. 444 ; Sirohi, xiii. 4 ;
Sirsa, xiii. 13, 14 ; Sitapur, xiii. 30-32 ;
Sultanpur, xiii. 98 ; Thar and Parkar,
xiii. 266 ; Udaipur, xiii. 402 ; Unao,
xiii. 440.

Rajshahi, Division or Commissionership
in Bengal, xi. 424-427.

Rajshahi, District in Bengal, xi. 427-
439 5 physical aspects, 427-429 ; wild
animals, 429; history, 429-431 ; popu-
lation, 43 x -433 5 agriculture, 433"435 ;
condition of the peasants, 434 ; manu-
factures, etc., 435-437 ; administration
437, 43& ; medical aspects, 438.

Rajshahi, Sub-division in Bengal, xi.

439-
Raj Singh, of Mewar, his war with

Aurangzeb, died from his wounds

(16S1), xiii. 405.
Rakabden, village in Rajputana, xi.

439-
Rakaings, aboriginal tribe. See Chaung-

thas.
Raldang, mountain in the Himalayas,

Punjab, xi. 439.
Ralli Brothers, Messrs., have important

agency at Godna, v. 136.
Rama, the hero of the Sanskrit epic, the

kdmdyana, vi. 123, 124.
Ramachandrapuram, taluk in Madras, xi.

439, 440.
Ramallakota, taluk in Madras, xi. 440.
Ramanada-puram. See Ramnad.
Ramanand, Vishnuite religious reformer

(1300- 1400), his low-caste disciples, vi.

218 ; his doctrines, x. 442.



270



INDEX.



Ramandrug. See Ramanmalai.
Ramanka, petty State in Kathiawar, xi.

440.

Ramanmalai, hill sanitarium in Madras,
440.

Ramanuja, Vishnuite religious reformer
(1150), article ' India,' vi. 217. Local
notices — Mentions the sacred banian
tree of Allahabad, i. 196 ; lived at
Melukote, ix. 404 ; granted the island
of Seringapatam, xii. 319 ; born at
Sriperambudur, his philosophy, xiii.
79, 80 ; died at Srirangam, xiii. 80.

Ramas, petty State in Bombay, xi.
441.

Ramaswami Mudaliyar, restored the
bridges across the Kaveri to Sivasa-
mudram (1824), xiii. 42.

Rdmdyana, the Sanskrit epic relating to
the Aryan advance into Southern India,
vi. 121, 122 ; the story of Rama, his
exile together with his wife Sita ; the
war with the aboriginal king of Ceylon,
and triumphant return, 123, 124.

Rambha, village in Madras, xi. 441.

Rambrai, petty State in Khasi Hills, xi.
441.

Ramchandra, king of Deogarh, his wars
with Ala-ud-din Khilji (1294-1306), iv.

159.

Ram Das, fourth Sikh guru ( 1 574-81),
founded Amritsar, i. 256.

Ramdas, town in Punjab, xi. 441.

Ramdrug, State in Bombay, xi. 441,
442.

Ramdrug, chief town of State in Bombay,
xi. 442.

Rameswaram, island and temple in
south of Madras, xi. 442-445.

Rameswaran, town in Madras, xi. 445.

Ramganga, Eastern, river in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xi. 445.

Ramganga, Western, river in N.-W.
Provinces and Oudh, xi. 446, 447.

Ramgarh, coal-field in Bengal, xi. 446.

Ramgarh, hill with ruins in Chutia Nag-
pur, xi. 446, 447.



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