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in the Parla Kimedi and Gumsur
campaigns, did much to settle Ganjam,
v. 4 ; acting Governor of Madras
(1837), ix. 67; his suggestions for
the settlement of Vizagapatam, xiii.
486.

Russell, Sir Henry, his portrait by
Chinnery in the High Court, Cal-
cutta, iii. 251.

Russell, Mr., designed the Residency at
Haidarabad, v. 253.

Russell, Dr. \V. H., quoted on the ruins
of Old Goa, v. 108.

Russellkonda, town in Madras, xii. 87.

Rustam Khan Talpur, Mir, fled to
Imamgarh, but was pursued by Sir C.
Napier and surrendered, v. 509.

Rustam. See Rastam.

Rutlam. See Ratlam.

Rwa-taung. See Ywa-taung.

Rwe. See Ywe.

Rwon-za-leng. See Yun-za-lin.

Rybot, Lieut., had to fight his way
through the Singhora pass to relieve
Sambalpur (1857), xii. 178.



S



Saadat All Khan, first Nawab "VYazir of
Oudh (1732-43), made himself inde-
pendent (1732), v. 64; made Lucknow
his capital, viii. 505, 506; repulsed
the Marathas, x. 367 ; his reign and
history, x. 489 ; defeated the Marathas
at Sikandarabad (1736), xii. 478.

Saadat Ali Khan, sixth Nawab of Oudh
(1798- 1 8 14), first farmed out the taxes,
i. 428 ; his buildings at Lucknow, in-
cluding the Dilkusha, viii. 508, 509.

Saadatganj, town in Oudh, xii. 87.

Saadat-ulla Khan, first Nawab of the
Karnatik, made Arcot his capital, and
is buried there, i. 311, 313.

Sabarhad, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 87, 88.

Sabari, river in Madras, xii. $8.

Sabathu, cantonment in Punjab. See
Subathu.

Sabay-yon, township in Lower Burma,
xii. 88.

Sabdar Ali, murdered by Murtiza Ali at
Vellore (1741), xiii. 468.



INDEX.



Sabhar, village and ruins in Bengal, xii.

88.
Sabi, river in Punjab. See Sahibi.
Sabuktigin, Governor of Khorasan, and

father of Mahmiid of Ghazni, took

Peshawar (978), his invasion of the

Punjab, xi. 261.
Sabzavar, town in Afghanistan, i. 35.
Sachin, Native State in Bombay, xii.

88-90.
Sachin, capital of Sachin State, xii. 90.
Sacred Books of the East, by Prof. Max

Midler, quoted, vi. 161 (footnotes 4, 5,

6, 7, and 8).
Sacrifice, Human. See Human sacrifice.
Sadabad, tahsll in N.-W. Provinces, xii,

90, 91.
Sadabad, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

Sadalgi, town in Bombay, xii. 91, 92.

Sadashivgarh, hill fort in Bombay, xii. 92.

Sadat Masonda, village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 92.

Sadhaura, town in Punjab, xii. 92, 93.

Sadiya, tract in Assam, xii. 93.

Sadiya, military outpost and fair in
Assam, xii. 93, 94.

Sadras, town and old Dutch settlement
in Madras, xii. 94.

Sadri (Large), town in Rajputana, xii.

94, 95-
Sadri (Small), town in Rajputana, xii.

Sadr Jahan, Akbar's chancellor, his tomb

at Pihani, xi. 170.
Sadrpur, town and pargand in Oudh, xii.

95- ,

Sadullanagar, pargand in Oudh, xii. 95,
96.

Sadullanagar, village in Oudh, xii. 96.

Sadullapur, village in Bengal, xii. 96, 97.

Sadullapur, battle-field in the Punjab,
xii. 97.

Safdar Jang, second Nawab of Oudh
(1743-53), helcl Allahabad, i. 196;
his war with the Rohillas, ii. 139 ; j
whom he defeated at Bisauli, iv. 411 ;
conquered Fatehpur, iv. 424 ; built
the Machi Bhawan at Lucknow, viii.
506 ; his reign in Oudh, x. 489.

Safdar Jang, Sadozai chief, besieged
Kandahar (1842), vii. 393, 394.

Safed Koh, mountain range forming a
portion of the western boundary be-
tween British India and Afghanistan,
xii. 97-99; article 'India,' vi. 3, 6.

Safrlower, Export of, article 'India,' vi.
574. Local notices — Cultivated in Am-
bala, i. 220 ; Amritsar, i. 259 ; Bakar-
ganj, i. 445 ; Bijnaur, ii. 432 ; Bom-
bay, iii. 53 ; Bulandshahr, iii. 137 ;
Dacca, iv. 85 ; Daflapur, iv. 94 ;
Faridpur, iv. 403 ; Hoshiarpur, v.



455 ; Jahangirabad, vii. 44 ; Jath, vii.
148 ; Kaladgi, vii. 318 ; North Kanara,
vii. 372 ; Kolhapur, viii. 281 ; Meerut,
ix. 387; N.-W. Provinces, x. 380;
Shahabad, xii. 329 ; Sitapur, xiii. 34 ;
Tipperah, xiii. 317.

Saffrai, river in Assam, xii. 99.

Saffron, grown or prepared in Cuddapah,
iv. 52 ; Islamabad, vii. 26 ; Kalsia,
vii. 344 ; Kashmir, viii. 71 ; Madras,
ix. 30, 31 ; Pampur, xi. 24.

Safipur, tahsll in Oudh, xii. 99.

Safipur, pargand in Oudh, xii. 99, 100.

Safipur, town in Oudh, xii. 100.

Sagar, District in Central Provinces, xii.
100-107 5 physical aspects, 100, 101 ;
history, 101-103 ; mutiny, 102, 103 ;
population, 103-105 ; agriculture, 105,
106 ; commerce and trade, 106, 1 07 ;
administration, 107 ; medical aspects,
107.

Sagar, tahsll in Central Provinces, xii.
107, 108.

Sagar, town and cantonment in Central
Provinces, xii. 108, 109.

Sagar, island at the mouth of the Hugh
river, Bengal, xii. 109, no : celebrated
place of pilgrimage, article 'India,'
vi. 17, 18.

Sagar, taluk in Mysore, xii. no, III.

Sagar, town in Mysore, xii. in.

Sagargarh, hill fort and health resort in
Bombay, xii. III.

Sage, Gen., commanded at Sagar (1857),
and defended the fort there, xii. 103.

Sagri, tahsll in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
ill, 112.

Sah, local dynasty in Kathiawar, viii. 90.

Sah, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
112, 113.

Sahar, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii. 1 13.

Saharanpur, District in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 1 1 3- 1 24; physical aspects, 113-
115; wild animals, 115; history, 115-
118; population, 1 1 8-1 20 ; agriculture,
120, 121 ; natural calamities, 121, 122 ;
commerce and trade, 122 ; administra-
tion, 122, 123 ; education, 123 ; medi-
cal aspects, 123, 124.

Saharanpur, tahsll in N.-W. Provinces,
x. 124.

Saharanpur, city in N.-W. Provinces, x.

124, 125.

Sahariyas, aboriginal tribe in Lalitpur,

viii. '447, 451, 456.
Sahaspur, town in N.-W. Provinces, x.

125. r

Sahaswan, town and tahsll in N.-W.

Provinces. See Sah is wan.
Sahatwar, town in N.-W. Provinces.

See Mahatwar.
Sahawar, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

125, 126.



INDEX.



=83



Sahet Mahet, or Srdvasti, Buddhist anti-
quities and ruins in Oudh, xii. 126-134.

Sahibganj, town in Bengal, xii. 134. 135.

Sahibganj, civil station of Gaya District,
Bengal, xii. 135.

Sahibganj, village in Muzaffarpur, Bengal,
xii. 135.

Sahibganj, village in Rangpur, Bengal,
xii. 135.

Sahibganj, village in Bardwan, Bengal,

,, xiL ^S-
Sahibganj, village in Bakarganj, Bengal,

xii. 135.
Sahibi, hill stream in Punjab, xii. 136.
Sahib Singh, chief of Gujrat, his wars with

Ranjft Singh, deposed (1810), v. 190.
Sahispur, town in N.-W. Provinces. See

Sahaspur.
Sahiswan, tahsil and town in N.-W.

Provinces, xii. 136.
Sahiwal, town in Punjab, xii. 136, 137.
Sahpau,tovvn in N.-W. Provinces, xii. 137.
Sahu, son and nominal successor of Sam-

bhaji, vi. 319, 320.
Sahuka, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.

Sahyadri, mountain range in Bombay,
xii. 137, 138.

Sai, river in Oudh, xii. 138, 139.

Saidabad, town in N.-W. Provinces. See
Sayyidabad.

Saidapet, taluk in Madras, xii. 139, 140.

Saidapet, town in Madras, xii. 140, 141 ;
Government model farm at, recently
closed, article 'India,' vi. 516; agri-
cultural school at, vi. 516.

Saidnagar, town in N.-W. Provinces.
See Sayyidnagar.

Saidpur, taluk in Sind. See Sayyidpur.

Saidpur, town in Bengal. See Sayyidpur.

Saidpur, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces. See
Sayyidpur.

Saidwala, town in Punjab. See Sayyid-
wala.

Saifganj, town in Bengal, xii. 141.

Saifganj Pirwaha, village in Bengal, xii.
141.

Sailana, Native State in Central India,
xii. 141, 142.

Sailana, chief town of Sailana State, xii.
142.

Sailors, Native. See Cutch, iv. 62 ;
Gogo, v. 137 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 7.

Sailu, town in Central Provinces. See
Selu.

Sain, mountain range in Punjab, xii. 142.

Sainkhera, town in Central Provinces,
xii. 142.

St. Barbe, Mr., last Resident at Man-
dalay, withdrawn (1879), uu 22 9-

St. Bartholomew the Apostle, his preach-
ings and alleged conversion of India
testified to by Pantcenus (190 a.d.)



and Hippolytus (220 A.D.), article
' India,' vi. 235.

Saint George, Fort. See Madras city.

St. John, Col. Sir Oliver, his estimate of
the population of Pish in, xi. 189.

St. Thomas the Apostle, the traditionary
founder of Christianity in India, vi.
229, 230 ; the three St. Thomas of
India, and the legends connected with
each, 230-232 ; tradition of the Indian
King Gondophorus and St. Thomas,
232, 233 ; Gondophorus an Ind<>-
Scythic Punjab monarch, 233 ; wide
meaning of India in the writings of the
Fathers, 233, 234 ; St. Thomas' work
in Persia and Central Asia instead of
in India proper, 235 ; localization of
the legend of" St. Thomas in North
India or Persia, 237 ; shrine of St.
Thomas at Madras, 237 ; mixed wor-
ship at St. Thomas' Mount, Madras,
238 ; St. Thomas' relics at Goa, 23S ;
the St. Thomas Nestorian Christians,
a powerful and respected military caste
in Southern India, 241 ; downfall of
Nestorianism, 241-243.

St. Thomas the Apostle of India, by the
Rev. Dr. Kennet, quoted, vi. 233
(footnote 3) ; 235 (footnote) ; 237
(footnote 4) ; 239 (footnote 1).

Saint Thomas Christians at Quilon, xii.
339, 340.

Saint Thomas' Mount, town and canton
ment in Madras, xii. 142-144.

Saint Thome, suburb of Madras, xii. 144.

St. Xavier, his labours in India, vi. 244,
245. See also Xavier.

Saipur, town in Oudh. See Safipur.

Sairi, village in the Simla Hills, xii. 144.

Saiyaji, Raja of Devikota, got the English
to try to retake his city from the Raja
of Tanjore (1749), iv. 234.

Sdj trees, found in Betul, ii. 329 ; Boras-
ambar, iii. 89 ; Chhindwara, iii. 39S ;
Mahagaon, ix. 155 ; the Melghat, ix.
402 ; Nimar, x. 328 ; Patna State, xi.
115; Potegaon, xi. 223; Raigarh, xi.
362 ; Raipur, xi. 368 ; Rampur (C. P.),
xi. 460; Rangi, xi. 471 ; Rewa, xii.
46 ; Sagar, xii. 101 ; Sambalpur, xii.
178; Sarangarh, xii. 260; Satpura,
xii. 289 ; Seoni, xii. 309.

SajjL See Carbonate of soda.

Sak, hill tribe in Arakan, iii. 183.

Saka, or Scythian era (78 A.D.), article
'India,' vi. 1S1. See also Scythic in-
vasions.

Sakse, troops in Alexander's army, from
whom the Brahuis are said to be de-
scended, iii. 98.

Sakala, ruins in Punjab. See Sangala.

Sakaldiha, town in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 144.



284



INDEX.



Sakar Pathar, sanitarium in Bombay, xii.

Sakas, tribe in Baluchistan, ii. 29.
Sakeswar, mountain in Punjab, xii. 145.
Sakhar, town, Sub-division, and taluk

in Sind. See Sukkur.
Sakhera, town in Baroda, xii. 145.
Sakhi-Sarwar, shrine in Punjab, xii. 145,

146 ; place of pilgrimage, sacred alike
to Hindus and Muhammadans, vi.
203, 204.

Sakit, ancient town in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 146.
Sakkampatti, town in Madras, xii. 146.
Sakkaraikottai, town in Madras, xii.

146.
Sakleshpur, village in Mysore, xii. 147.
Sakoli, tahsil in Central Provinces, xii.

147.
Sakrand, taluk in Sind, xii. 147.
Sakraypatna, village in Mysore, xii. 147,

148.
Sakri, river in Bengal, xii. 148.
Sakse, port and customs division in

Bombay. See Sankshi.
Sakta, or Tantrik, sect of Siva-wor-
shippers, article ' India,' vi. 214.
Sakti, State in Central Provinces, xii.

148.
Sakimtald, famous Sanskrit drama, vi.

126.
Sakya race customs, vi. 178.
Sal trees, found in Ambala, i. 215 ;

Assam, i. 349 ; Balaghat, i. 453 ;

Balasor, ii. 2 ; Bamra, ii. 41 ; Ban-

kura, ii. 79 ; Bard war, ii. 137 ; Bengal,

ii. 271 ; Bijnaur, ii. 428 ; Bilaspur, ii.

451 ; Bod, iii. 23 ; Bonai, iii. 85 ;

Borasambar, iii. 89 ; Biindi, iii. 157 ;

Central Provinces, iii. 299 ; Chang

Bhakar, iii. 366 ; Chirang Dwar, iii.

422 ; Cuttack, iv. 65 ; Darjiling, iv.

129 ; Denwa, iv. 198 ; Deori, iv. 205 ;

Dinajpur, iv. 291 ; Eastern Dwars, iv.

328, 329 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ; Giro Hills,

v. 25 ; Garumari, v. t>2> I Gilgaon, v.

77 ; on Girwar river, v. 87 ; Gonda, v.

147 ; Gorakhpur, v. 164 ; Hazaribagh,
v. 370 ; Himalaya Mountains, v. 409 ;
Hoshangabad, v. 443 ; Jalpaiguri, vii.
108, 109 ; Jashpur, vii. 145 ; Jira, vii.
233 ; Jirang, vii. 233 ; Kalesar, vii.
324 ; Kamriip, vii. 355 ; Kamtaranala,
vii. 366 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ; Karauli,
vii. 471; Kenda, viii. 113; Khand-
para, viii. 160; Kheri, viii. 190;
Korea, viii. 297 ; Kukra Mailani, viii.
330 ; Kulsi, viii. 335 ; Kumaun, viii.
349 ; Lakhipur, viii. 440 ; Laun, viii.
467 ; Lohardaga, viii. 476 ; Loisinh,
viii. 48S ; Madhupur, viii. 543, ix.
191 ; Madras, ix. 85 ; on the Little
Mahanadi, ix. 163 ; Maikal Hills, ix.



190; Malkangiri, ix. 258 ; Manbhum,
ix. 278 ; Mandla, ix. 300, 305 ; Matai-
khar, ix. 359 ; Milmillia, ix. 438 ;
Monghyr, ix. 480 ; Nepal, x. 277 ;
Nibari, x. 294 ; Nilgiri Hills, x. 305 ;
N.-W. Provinces, x. 380 ; Nowgong,
x. 407 ; Oudh, x. 482 ; Pachmarhi, x.
522 ; Palkhera, xi. 10 ; Pal Lahara,
xi. 13 ; Pantan, xi. 51 ; Patna State,
xi. 115; Phuljhar, xi. 168; Pratap-
garh, xi. 224 ; Punjab, xi. 280 ; Puri,
xi. 301 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ; Raipur, xi.
368 ; Rairakhol, xi. 378 ; Rampur
(C. P.), xi. 460; Rangpur, xi. 486;
Rewa, xii. 46 ; Sadullanagar, xii. 95 ;
on the Salandi river, xii. 149 ; Sam-
balpur, xii. 178 ; Santal Parganas, xii.
227 ; Saoligarh, xii. 247 ; Sargiija, xii.
267 ; Shahjahanpur, xii. 344 ; Sidli,
xii. 474 ; Sinchula Hills, xii. 502 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 531 ; Sirmur, xii.
553 ; Siwalik Hills, xiii. 43 ; Vizaga-
patam, xiii. 484.

Sakibat Jang, third Nizam (1752-61),
ceded the Northern Circars to the
French (1752), iii. 469 ; including
Ganjam, v. 3 ; made Nizam by the
French, v. 249 ; dethroned by his
brother Nizam All (1761), and killed
by him (1763), v. 250 ; took Karnul
with Bussy (1752), viii. 42.

Salabat Khan, friend of Sir Arthur
Wellesley, under whom he served in
1863, much improved his city of
Ellichpur, iv. 346.

Salambha, village in Punjab, xii. 148, 149.

Sal-ammoniac, found in Afghanistan, i.
37 ; Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Karnal, viii.
20, 25.

Salandi, river in Bengal, xii. 149.

Salar Masaiid Ghazi, nephew of Mah-
mud of Ghazni, invaded Bahraich
(1033), defeated and killed there, i.
427 ; alleged tomb at Bahraich a place
of pilgrimage, i. 435 ; in Bara Banki,
ii. 108; took Biana (1004), ii. 41S ;
invaded Budaun (1028), iii. 337 ; took
Deoband, iv. 199 ; invaded Faizabad
(1030), iv. 382 ; his army destroyed by
Sohildeo, Jain king of Gonda, v. 147 ;
defeated the Thatheras at Gopamau, v.
162 ; occupied Bawan and Isauli, v.
322 ; defeated and killed Raja Kans
and Kasmandi Kalan (1030), viii. 83 ;
results of his invasion of Lucknow, viii.
494 ; alleged tomb at Sikandra, xii.
481 ; his disastrous march through
Unao, xiii. 428.

Salar Sahu, brother-in-law of Mahmud
of Ghazni, took Satrikh, where is his
shrine, xii. 289, 290.

Salaya, port in Kathiawar, xii. 149, 150.

Salbai, village in Gwalior, Central India,



INDEX.



2S5



xii. 150 ; treaty of, article ' India,' vi.
323 5.392.

Salbaldi, village and springs on the
Marii river, xii. 150.

Salbet, island off Kathiawar, xii. 150.

Sale, Gen. Sir R. II., his defence of
Jalalabad, i. 50, vii. 76.

Salem, District in Madras, xii. 150-165;
physical aspects, 151-155 ; geology,
153 ; history, 153-155 ; administrative
history, 155-157 ; tenures, 157, 158 ;
population, 158-160 ; agriculture, 160-
162 ; natural calamities, 162, 163 ;
industries and trade, 163, 164 ; com-
munications, 164; administration, 164,
165 ; medical aspects, 165.

Salem, taluk in Madras, xii. 165, 166.

Salem, town in Madras, xii. 166.

Salem, village in Madras, xii. 166, 167.

Saletekri, estate in the Central Provinces,
xii. 167.

Salim, Prince, Akbar's favourite son and
successor as the Emperor Jahangir,
article 'India,' vi. 300-302. See
Jahangir.

Salimpur, town in Oudh, xii. 167.

Salimpur, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 167.

Salimpur-Majauli, two adjacent villages
in N.-W. Provinces, xii. 167.

Saline deposits from river plains, article
' India,' vi. 29. See Usdr plains.

Salivahana, king of S. India, his wars
with the Scythians, vi. 181.

Salkhid, suburb of Howrah, xii. 167.

Salnadi, river in Bengal. See Salandi.

Salois or Shalois, agricultural caste in
Assam, who claim to be Kayasths, i.
356.

Salon, tahsilm Oudh, xii. 167, 168.

Salon, town and parga?id in Oudh, xii.
168.

Salones. See Selungs.

Salor Hirapur, village in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 168.

Salsette, island to the north of Bombay
city, xii. 168-170.

Salt administration, article ' India,' vi.
452 ; sources of supply and systems of
manufacture, 453, 454 ; the Madras
monopoly, 453 ; equalization of duty,
453, 454 ; yield of salt duty, 468 ; the
Rajputana salt lakes, and Punjab salt
mines, 622, 623.

Salt manufactured by evaporation, etc.
from the sea, salt wells, salt marshes,
salt lakes, etc. ; at Adrampet, i. 27 ;
Kharagora in Ahmadabad, i. 87 ;
Akola^ i. 141 ; Akyab, i. 157 ; Alay
Khyaung, i. 164; Alay Kywon, i.
164 ; Allahabad, i. 192 ; Anantapur, i.
274 ; South Arcot, i. 326 ; Bakarganj,
i. 442 ; Balasor, ii. 8, 9 ; Bassein, ii.



19S ; Bellary, ii. 241 ; Bengal, ii. 274 ;
Bikaner, ii. 43S ; Binginapalli, ii. 461 ;
Bombay, iii. 58; Lower Burma, iii.
199 ; Cachar, iii. 234 ; Cambay. iii.
272 ; Chadchat (earth), iii. 324 ; Chen-
galpat, iii. 387 ; Chilka Lake, iii. 416 ;
Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 44S ;
Cochin, iv. 7 ; Covelong, iv. 44 ;
Cuttack, iv. 72 ; Dera Ghazi Khan, iv.
210 ; Dhrangadra, iv. 278 ; Durgaraya-
patnam, iv. 326 ; Ennore, iv. 354 ;
Farukhnagar, iv. 418 ; Ganjam, v.
8, 9; Goa, v. 94; Gurgaon, v. 216;
Ilanthawadi, v. 316; Hijili, v. 394;
Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Janjira, vii. 139 ;
Jodhpur, vii. 235, 237 ; Kalingapatam,
vii. 330 ; North Kanara, vii. 273 5
Sirganda creek, Karachi (bay salt), vii.
449, xii. 523 ; Karanja, vii. 466 ;
Karnul (earth), viii. 41 ; Kayalpatnam,
viii. 108; Khairpur, viii. 136; Kistna,
viii. 232 ; Kolaba, viii. 269 ; Kupili,
viii. 367 ; Kyauk-pyu, viii. 388 ; Lake
Lonar, viii. 489 ; Madras, ix. 54-57 ;
Madura, ix. 130; Malwan, ix. 273;
Manipur, ix. 324 ; Maulmain, ix. 372 ;
Mogultur, ix. 470 ; Naupada, x. 242 ;
Negapatam, x. 258 ; Nellore, x. 269 ;
Nizampatam, x. ^8 ; Orissa, x. 460 ;
Parikud Islands, xi. 63, 64 ; Puri, xi.
308; Rajputana, xi. 420; Rangoon,
xi. 479 ; SambharLake, xii. 188, 189 ;
Santalpur (earth), xii. 246 ; Lake
Kachor-Rewas in Shaikhawati, xii.
371 ; Shwe-gyin, xii. 433; Surla, near
Sonapur, xiii. 58; Sultanpur (Gur-
gaon), xiii. 106 ; Tavoy, xiii. 233 ;
Thana, xiii. 257 ; Wadhwan, xiii. 506 ;
Wankaner, xiii. 518; Warahi (earth),
xiii. 521.

Salt mines, Chal in Afghan-Turkistan, i.
55; Bahadur Khel, i. 421; Bannu, ii.
89, 90 ; Upper Burma, iii. 211 ; Guma,
v. _ 198 ; Haidarabad (Sind), v. 282 ;
Himalaya Mountains, v. 412 ; Jatta,
v »; 149 ; Jehlam, vii. 167, 168, 175 ;
Kalabagh, vii. 313; Karrak, viii. 49 ;
Khatak Hills, viii. 180, 181 ; Kohat,
viii. 243 ; Malgin, ix. 256; Mandi, ix.
298 ; the Mayo, ix. Z11-Z19 5 Narri,
x. 214 ; the Salt Range, xii. 171;
Warcha in Shahpur, xii. 360, xiii. 522.

Salt, Centres of trade in, Adrampet, i.
27 ; Isakapalli, vii. 21 ; Kalabagh,
vii. 313 ; Khushab, viii. 213 ; Miani,
ix. 421 ; Nawashahr, x. 254 ; Patna,
xi. 113; Pind Dadan Khan, xi. 1S3 ;
Ponani, xi. 197 ; Rusera, xii. 87 ;
Sahibganj, xii. 135 ; Sirsa, xiii. 18 ;
Sultanpur, xiii. 106 ; Turtipar, xiii.
385 ; Ula Kandi, xiii. 418.

Saltpetre, Manufacture of, article 'India,'
vi. 623, 624. Local notices— Aligarh,



286



INDEX.



i. 175; Allahabad, i. 192; Athni, i.
378; Basti, ii. 212 ; Bellary, ii. 241 ;
Bengal, ii. 309 ; Bhagalpur, ii. 350 ;
Bulandshahr, iii. 138 ; Champaran, iii.
343 ; Chapra, iii. 370 ; Digsar, iv.
287 ; Ellore, iv. 352 ; Fatehpur, iv.
390; Farukhabad, iv. 415 ; Gaya, v.
51 ; Ghazipur, v. 69 ; Gujrat, v. 194 ;
Haidargarh, v. 290 ; Hissar, v. 431,
432 ; Hoshiarpur, v. 452 ; Jais, vii.
65 ; Jarwal, vii. 145 ; Kaithal, vii.
310; Kandhla, vii. 399; Khairapur,
viii. 136; Kheri, viii. 190 ; Kistna,
viii. 232 ; Mainpuri, ix. 210 ; Mallan-
wan, ix. 263 ; Montgomery, ix. 494 ;
Muzaffarpur, x. 81 ; Nellore, x. 261 ;
Padrauna, x. 526 ; Radhanpur, xi.
342; Rath, xi. 518; Saran, xii. 251,
257 ; Shahabad, xii. 332 ; Sholapur,
xii. 418 ; Sirsa, xiii. 18 ; Sitamarhi,
xiii. 26 ; Tambaur, xiii. 169 ; Taung-
ngu, xiii. 225.

Salt Range, The, hill system in Punjab,
xii. 170-172; geology of, article
' India,' vi. 633.

Salt-water Lake (or Dhapa), lake in
Bengal, xii. 172.

Salumbar, town in Rajputana, xii. 172.

Salur, town, tdhik, and estate in Madras,
xii. 172.

Sahvin, river in Burma, xii. 172-174.

Salwin Hill Tracts, District in Lower
Burma, xii. 174-176; physical aspects,
174, 175 ; population, 175 ; agricul-
ture, 175 ; administration, 176.

Sama, The, dynasty in Sind, xii. 510.

Samadhiala, petty State in Kathiawar,
xii. 176.

Samadhiala Chabharia, petty State in
Kathiawar, xii. 176.

Samadhiala Charan, petty State in Kathi-
awar, xii. 176, 177.

Samadhpur, village in N. -W. Provinces,
xii. 177.

Samaguting, hill station in Assam, xii.
177.

Samalkot, town in Madras. See Chamar-
lakota.

Samarkha, town in Bombay, xii. 177.

Sama- Veda, The, article ' India, vi. 88.

Sambalpur, District in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 177-185; physical aspects,
177-179; history, 179-181 ; popula-
tion, 181-183; agriculture, 183; trade
and commerce, 183, 184 ; administra-
tion, 184; medical aspects, 184, 185.

Sambalpur, tahsil in Central Provinces,
xii. 185.

Sambalpur, town in Central Provinces,
xii. 285, 286.

Sambalpur, Diamonds of, article ' India,'
vi. 628.

Sambhaji, son and successor of Sivaji,



put to death by Aurangzeb, article
1 India,' vi. 319. Local notices —
Plundered Dharangaon (1685), iv. 250 ;
ravaged up to the gates of Goa (1683),
v. 104; his treaty with Abu Husain,
last king of Golconda, v. 256 ; failed to
take Janjira (1682), vii. 141 ; repulsed
from Sonda (1682), xiii. 60.

Sambhal, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
186, 187.

Sambhal, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

, l8 7- ,. ,

Sambhar, great salt lake in Rajputana,

xii. 187-189.

Sambhar, town in Rajputana, xii. 189.

Sambhar deer, article ' India,' vi. 657,
658. Local notices — Mount Abu, i. 6 ;
Akola, i. 141 ; Anamalai Hills, i. 270 ;
South Arcot, i. 320 ; Belgaum, ii. 232 ;
Bellary, ii. 241 ; Biligiri-rangan, ii.
457 ; Bombay Presidency, iii. 46 ;
Buldana, iii. 143 ; Upper Burma, iii.
212 ; Cachar, iii. 234 ; Chengalpat, iii.
382 ; Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 448 ;
Cochin, iv. 2 ; Cuddapah, iv. 48 ;
Darjiling, iv. 131 ; Mount Delly, iv.
197 ; Western Ghats, v. 59 ; Godavari,
v. 123 ; Hassan, v. 346 ; North Kan-
ara, vii. 370 ; South Kanara, vii. 377 ;
Karauli, vii. 471 ; Khandesh, viii.
150; Kiggat-nad, viii. 216; Kistna,
viii. 226 ; Kotah, viii. 304 ; Lalit-
pur, viii. 447 ; Lohardaga, viii. 477 ;
Madras Presidency, ix. 90 ; Madura,
ix. 121 ; Malabar, ix. 220 ; Manipur,
ix. 325 ; Mirzapur, ix. 453 ; Monghyr,
ix. 481 ; Mysore, x. 115 ; Nallamalai
Hills, x. 185 ; Nellore, x. 262 ; Nilgiri
Hills, x. 307 ; Nimar, x. 328 ; Pal-
konda Hills, xi. 1 1 ; Palni Mountains,
xi. 17 ; Polur, xi. 197 ; Poona, xi.
200 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 4 ; Rewa Kantha,
xii. 49 ; Salem, xii. 152 ; Sandur, xii.
206 ; Satara, xii. 277 ; Sawantwari,
xii. 296 ; Shimoga, xii. 400 ; Sirohi,
xiii. 2 ; Travancore, xiii. 345 ; Wun,
xiii. 539.

Sambhudan, the leader of the Cachari
rising (1882), killed in it, ix. 188.

Sambhuganj, village in Bengal, xii. 189.

Sameswari, river in Assam, xii. 189, 190.

Sami, town in Bombay. See Shami.

Samla, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.
190.

Samnagar, town in Bengal. See Syam-
nagar.

Samod, town in Rajputana, xii. 190.

Sampaji Ghat, pass in Madras, xii. 190.

Sampgaon, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.
190.

Sampgaon, town in Bombay, xii. 191.

Sampla, tahsil and village in Punjab, xii.
191.



INDEX.



287



Samra, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
191.

Samrala, tahsll in Funjab, xii. 191, 192.

Samru, Walter Reinhardt, known as,
took Agra with Suraj Mall (1764), i.
69 ; ruled northern part of Meerut
(1775-78), ix. 384; his share in the
massacre of Patna (1763), xi. 96;
granted fief of Sardhana by Najaf
Khan (1777), his history, xii. 264.

Samru, Begam, owned Gurgaon, which
lapsed to the British on her death
(1S36), v. 223 ; also Jewar, vii. 193;
ruled North Meerut ( 1 778-1803) in-
dependently, and (1803-36) under
British protection, ix. 384 ; owned
jdgir of Pahasu, x. 528 ; her will and
charities, xi. 96 ; her capital, Sard-
hana, her history, xii. 264, 265 ; had
fort at Tappal, xiii. 200.

Samsa Parvat, peak in Madras, xii. 192.

Samthar, Native State in Bundelkhand,
xii. 192.

Samthar, chief town of Samthar State,
xii. 192.

Samulkota, town in Madras. See Cham-
arlakota.

Samuri. See Zamorin.

Samvat and Saka eras (57 and 7S A.D. ),
article ' India,' vi. 181.

Sanala, petty State in Rathiawar, xii.
192.

Sanand, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xii. 193.

Sanatoria. See Sanitaria.



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