William Wilson Hunter.

The imperial gazetteer of India (Volume 14) online

. (page 53 of 65)
Online LibraryWilliam Wilson HunterThe imperial gazetteer of India (Volume 14) → online text (page 53 of 65)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Sanavarapeta, town in Madras, xii. 193.

Sanawan, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 193, 194.

Sanawar, site of the Lawrence Military
Asylum, near Simla, Punjab, xii. 194.

Sanchi, village with Buddhist remains in
Central India, xii. 194-196.

Sanctity of the Ganges, article ' India,'
vi. 17, 18.

Sand, metallic, used for blotting, found
in Surat, xiii. 1 19.

Sandal- wood trees, found in Atur, i. 383;
Baba Biidan, i. 402 ; Biligiri-rangan,
ii. 457 ; Bombay, hi. 45 ; Coimbatore,
iv. 15 ; Coorg, iv. 32; Ganjam, v. 2 ;
Western Ghats, v. 59 ; Hassan, v.
346 ; Hosur, v. 460 ; Jawadi Hills,
vii. 162 ; Radur, vii. 283 ; Kashmir,
viii. 71; Kollamalai Hills, viii. 286;
Madras, ix. 7 ; Melagiri Hills, ix. 401;
Merkara, ix. 413; Mysore, x. 114;
Naltigiri Hills, x. 187 ; Nanjarajpatna,
x. 197 ; Nilgiri Hills, x. 323, 324;
Pachamalai Hills, x. 521 ; Palni
Mountains, xi. 19 ; Salem, xii. 152 ;
Satara, xii. 277 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii.
383 ; Siddhapur, xii. 473 ; Tiimkur,
xiii. 376. See also Oil and Wood-
carving.



San-daw, pagoda in Lower Burma, xii.
196.

Sandeman, Captain Sir R. G., his mission
to Rhelat, ii. ^2-

Sand-hills, their rapid advance on, and
destruction of Talkad, xiii. 167, 168.

Sandi, pargand and town in Oudh, xii.
196, 197-

Sandila, town, tahsll, and pargand in
Oudh, xii. 197, 198.

Sandoway, District in Lower Burma, xii.
198-205 ; physical aspects, 199, 200 ;
geology, 200 ; history, 200-201 ; anti-
quities, 201; population, 201, 202;
agriculture, 202, 203 ; manufactures,
203 ; administration, 203, 204; climate,
204.

Sandoway, town in Lower Burma, xii.
205.

Sandoway, river in Lower Burma, xii.
205.

Sandoway Myoma, township in Lower
Burma, xii. 206.

Sandrokottos. See Chandra Gupta.

Sandru, pass in Punjab, xii. 206.

Sandstone found, or quarried, on the
Alagar Hills, i. 161 ; Alwar, i. 203 ;
Amherst, i. 235 ; Andaman Islands,
i. 283 ; Arakan Hill Tracts, i. 298 ;
South Arcot, i. 327 ; Assam, i. 347 ;
Banda, ii. 47, 53 ; Bardwan, ii. 127 ;
Bassein, ii. 193 ; Bastar, ii. 204 ;
Beddadanol, ii. 223 ; Belgaum, ii.
231; Bhartpur, ii. 372; Bikaner, ii.
439; Bundelkhand, iii. 151 ; Central
India, iii. 294 ; Chhindwara, iii. 399 ;
Chittagong Hill Tracts, iii. 448 ; Cud-
dapah, iv. 48 ; Damoh, iv. 107, 108 ;
Deccan, iv. 165 ; Delhi, iv. 178 ;
Dholpur, iv. 273 ; Ganjam, v. 2 ;
Goalpara, v. 112; Gujrat, v. 188;
Gurgaon, v. 215; Gwalior, v. 227;
Haidarabad State, v. 241 ; Hathpor,
v - 353> 354 ; the Himalaya Mountains,
v. 410, 411 ; the Hindu Rush, v. 417 ;
Hoshangabad, v. 442 ; Ilol, v. 509 ;
Jaipur, vii. 51, 52; Jaisalmer, vii. 66;
Jehlam, vii. 166, 167 ; Jhalawar, vii.
199; Jodhpur, vii. 236, 246; Raimur,
vii. 298; Raladgi, vii. 315; Ralinjar,
vii. 331; Rangra, vii. 413; Rarauli,
vii. 471 ; Rhairagarh, viii. 129 ;
Rhairi-Murat, viii. 132 ; Rhisor Hills,
viii. 203; Rohat, viii. 242 ; Rorea,
viii. 297 ; Rumaun, viii. 349 ; Madras,
ix. 5, 6; Madura, ix. 121 ; Mahadeo-
pahar, ix. 154, 155; Manipur, ix.
324 ; Mergui Islands, ix. 412 ; Murree,
x. 17 ; Muttra, x. 45 ; Mysore, x. 92 ;
Nagari, x. 157 ; Nagpur, x. 165 ;
Nallamalai Hills, x. 185 ; Narsinghpur,
x. 217 ; Nicobar Islands, x. 295 ;
Panch Mahals, xi. 29 ; Pokaran, xi.



288



INDEX.



195 ; Rabkob, xi. 340 ; Raipur, xi.

367 ; Raisin, xi. 380 ; Ramgarh, xi.

446, 447 ; Ramtal, xi. 465 ; Rawal

Pindi, xii. 19 ; Rewa, xii. 45 ; Rewa

Kantha, xii. 49 ; Sagar, xii. 101 ;

Saharanpur, xii. 114, 115 ; Salbet

Island, xii. 150; Salwin Hill Tracts,

xii. 174; Sambalpur, xii. 179; Sanchi,

xii. 194; Santal Parganas, xii. 226;

the Satpura Range, xii. 2S9 ; Shah-

abad, xii. 324 ; Sironcha, xiii. 7 ;

Siwalik Hills, xiii. 43 ; Tanjore, xiii.

181 ; Udaipur (Bengal), xiii. 411 ;

Vindhyan Range, xiii. 475 ; Waira-

garh, xiii. 513 ; Wun, xiii. 538.
Sandiir, Native State in Madras, xii.

206-209 ; physical aspects, 206, 207 ;

history, 207, 208 ; population, 208 ;

places of interest, 208, 209 ; revenue,

209.
Sandur, range of hills in Madras, xii.

209.
Sandwip, island in the Bay of Bengal,

xii. 209-213 ; history, 210 ; ancient

administration, 211 ; slavery, 21 1,

212 ; the cyclone of 1876, 212, 213.

See also Slavery in, article ' India,'

vi. 49.
Sanga, Rand of Mewar, commanded the

confederated Rajput troops, defeated

by Babar at Khanua (1526), viii. 164;

and at Fatehpur Sikri (1527), xi. 404 ;

his reign in Udaipur, xiii. 403, 404.
Sangakhera, village in Central Provinces,

xii. 213.
Sangala, ruins in Punjab, xii. 213,

214.
Sangam, village and anicut in Madras,

xii. 214, 215.
Sangameshwar, Sub-division and village

in Bombay, xii. 215, 216.
Sangamner, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

216.
Sangamner, town in Bombay, xii. 216,

217.

Sanganer, town in Rajputana, xii. 217.
Sangarh, tahsilm Punjab, xii. 217.
Sangarbi, town in Central Provinces,

xii. 217.
Sanghi, town in Punjab, xii. 217, 218.
Sangli, Native State in Bombay, xii.

218, 219.

Sangli, chief town of Sangli State, xii.

219.
Sangod, town in Rajputana, xii. 219.
Sangola, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

219, 220.

Sangola, town in Bombay, xii. 220.

Sangrampur, town in Bengal, xii. 220.

Sangram Sah, 48th Gond Raja of Garha-
Mandla, conquered Sagar (16th cen-
tury), iii. 301 ; and Jabalpur, vii. 31 ;
the extent of his kingdom, ix. 301 ;



ruled over Narsinghpur, x. 21S; and
Seoni, xii. 309.

Sangri,oneofthe Simla Hill States, xii. 220.

Sangu, Sub-division in Bengal, xii. 220.

Sangu, river in Bengal, xii. 220, 221.

Sanitaria and hill stations, Mount Abu,
i. 7 ; Alwaye, i. 207 ; Amherst, i.
243; Belikeri, ii. 240; Birkul, iii. 12,
13; Chandpur, iii. 361, 362; Cherat,
iii. 391, 392 ; Chikalcla, iii. 408 ;
Coonoor, iv. 27, 28 ; Courtallum, iv.
44 ; Dalhousie, iv. 97, 98 ; Dalingkot,
iv. 98 ; Darjiling, iv. 140, 141 ;
Devaraydurga, iv. 232 ; Dharmsala,
iv. 255 ; Dungagali, iv. 321, 322 ;
Igatpuri, v. 506 ; Kasauli, viii. 58, 59 ;
Khandala, viii. 147 ; Kodaikand, viii.
239, 240 ; Kotagiri, viii. 303 ; Kudure-
mukha, viii. 329 ; Landaur, viii. 459 ;
Mahabaleshwar, ix. 141-143; Pach-
marhi in Mahadeopahar, ix. 155, x.
522 ; Matheran, ix. 362-364 ; Dhar
Jaro and Danna Towers in Mehar, ix.
396 ; Murree, x. 19 ; Mussooree, x.
41, 42; Naini Tal, x. 177, 178; Nan-
didrug, x. 192; Pawagarh, xi. 122;
Punamalla, xi. 242 ; Purandhar, xi.
297, 298; Ramanmalai, xi. 440, 441 :
Ranikhet, xi. 506, 507 ; Sagargarh,
xii. ill ; Sakar Pathar, xii. 144, 145 ;
Sakeswar, xii. 145 ; Samsa Parvat,
xii. 192, xiii. 52 ; Shaikh Budin, xii.
373 ; Simla, xii. 496-498 ; Sinhgarh,
xii. 543 ; Solan, xiii. 49 ; Subathu,
xiii. 85 ; Taragarh, xiii. 206 ; Than-
diani, xiii. 259 ; Utakamand, xiii. 452-
454 ; Wellington, xiii. 536 ; Yerkad,
xiii- 555, 556.

Saniversante, village in Coorg, xii. 221.

Sanjan, village in Bombay, xii. 221.

Sanjeli, petty State in Rewa Kantha, xii.
221.

Sankara, king of Yadava dynasty, taken
prisoner by Malik Naib Kafur at
Deogarh and killed, iv. 159.

Sankara Acharya, Sivaite religious re-
former (9th century a.d.), article
' India,' vi. 209, 210. Local notices —
By birth a Kayasth of Assam, i. 354 ;
his influence in Assam, i. 356 ; lived
seme time at Benares, ii. 267 ; and
then at Sringeri in Kadur (Mysore),
vii. 283 ; his settlement there, xiii.
78.

Sankaridrug, village in Madras, xii.
221.

Sankarkati, village in Bengal, xii. 221,
222.

Sankarnainarkoil, town and taluk in
Madras, xii. 222.

Sankarpur, town in Central Provinces,
xii. 222.

Sankeswar, town in Bombay, xii. 222.



INDEX.



289



Sanketi Brahmans, their head - quarters
at Bettadpur, ii. 327.

Sankh, river in Bengal, xii. 222, 223.

Sankha, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
223.

Sankhatra, town in Punjab, xii. 223.

Sankheda, town in Baroda. See Sakhera.

Sankheda Mewas, group of Native
States in Rewa Kantha. See Sindkher
Mewas.

Sankhund, spring in Bengal, xii. 223.

Sankhya, one of the six darsanas or
Brahmanical schools of philosophy,
article ' India,' vi. 99.

Sankisa, village and ruins in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 223, 224.

Sankshi, customs division of ports,
Bombay, xii. 224.

Sankshi, port in Bombay, xii. 224, 225.

Sankos, river in Bengal, xii. 225.

Sann, town in Sind, xii. 225.

Sanosra, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.
225.

Sansar Chand, Raja of Kangra, failed to
take Kamlagarh, vii. 353 ; his vigorous
rule in Kangra, and final submission to
the Gurkhas and Ranjit Singh, vii.
416 ; completed the palace of Sujanpur
Tira, xiii. 89.

Sansar Dhara, grotto, waterfall, and place
of pilgrimage in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
225.

Sansias, Muhammadan robber _ tribe in
Budaun, hi. 120 ; Karnal, viii. 26.

Sanskrit Grammar, by Prof. Whitney,
vi. 334 (footnote 1).

Sanskrit grammar and literature, article
'India,' vi. 100-104; 334-33 6 ; Panini's
grammar, 100, 101 ; Sanskrit and
Prakrit speech, 101 ; Sanskrit manu-
scripts, 101, 102 ; the Indian alphabet,
102, 103 ; Sanskrit writings almost
entirely verse, 103 ; prose a forgotten
art, 103, 104 ; Sanskrit dictionaries,
104 ; evidence as to whether Sanskrit
was ever a spoken vernacular, 334-

336.

Sanskrit Texts, by Dr. John Muir, quoted,
vi. 81 (footnote 2); 84 (footnote 3);
94 (footnote); 212 (footnote 4); 334
(footnotes 2 and 3).

Santal Parganas, The, District in Bengal,
xii. 226-236 ; physical aspects, 226,
227 ; forests, 227 ; jungle products,
227 ; minerals, 227 ; wild animals,
227 ; history, 227, 228 ; population,
228-232; agriculture, 232, 233; natural
calamities, 233, 234 ; commerce and
trade, 234 ; administration, 234-236 ;
medical aspects, 336.

Santals, The, aboriginal tribe in Bengal,
xii. 236-246 ; their numbers and dis-
tribution, 236, 237 ; origin, 237, 23S ;
VOL. XIV.



insurrection of 1854, 238 ; migratory
habits, 238, 239 ; physiognomy, 239,
240 ; tribal divisions, 249 ; village
polity, festivals, and religion, 240-242 ;
social customs, 242 ; music, 242 ;
dances, 242, 243 ; marriage ceremonies,
243, 244 ; hunting expeditions, 244,
245 ; dress, 245 ; funeral ceremonies,
245. 246. Local notices — Numerous
in Bamanghati, ii. 40 ; Bankura, ii.
78, 81 ; Bardwan, ii. 129 ; coal miners,
ii. 133; Bhagalpur, ii. 346; Daman-i-
Koh, iv. 104 ; Dinajpur, iv. 292 ;
Hazaribagh, v. 373 ; coal miners in the
Karharbari coal-field, viii. 9 ; Lakhim-
pur, viii. 431 ; Maldah, ix. 243 ;
Manbhum, ix. 280 ; Midnapur, ix.
417 ; Monghyr, ix. 483 ; Morbhanj,
ix. 516 ; Orissa, x. 436 ; Orissa Tribu-
tary States, x. 472 ; in the Raniganj
coal-field, xi. 505 ; Singhbhum, xii.
536. See also article 'India,' vi. 57 ;
their village government, 57 ; social
ceremonies, 58; religion, 58, 59; the
Santals under British rule, 59 ; Santal
rising (1855), 59, 60.

Santalpur- with -Chad chat, Native State
in Bombay, xii. 246, 247.

Santapilly, village and lighthouse in
Madras. See Chantapilli.

Santengs. See Syntengs.

Santipur, town in Bengal, xii. 247.

Sanudo, Marino, Venetian traveller,
mentions Cambay as one of the great
ports of India, iii. 274.

San-ywe, township in Lower Burma, xii.
247.

Saoli, town in Central Provinces, xn 247.

Saoligarh, forest in Central Provinces,
xii. 247.

Saoner, town in Central Provinces, xn.
248.

Saonts, aboriginal tribe in Keunjhar,
viii. 120.

Saorgaon, village in Central Provinces,
xii. 248.

Sapphires, found in Upper Burma, iii. 211.

Saptagram, ruined town in Bengal. See
Satgaon.

Sar, lake in Bengal, xii. 248.

Sara, pargand in Oudh, xii. 248, 249.

Saragaj, hill range in Assam, xii. 249.

Saragur, village in Mysore, xii. 249.

Sarahan, town in Bashahr State, Punjab,
xii. 249.

Sarai Aghat, town and ruins in N.-W.
Provinces, xii. 249.

Sarai Akil, town in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 249, 250.

Saraikala, estate and village in Bengal,
xii. 250.

Sarai Kheta, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 250.



290



INDEX.



Sarai Mir, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
250.

Sardis or native inns, remarkable for
their fortification or architecture,
Chata, iii. 374; Daudnagar, iv. 158;
Jahanabad (N. -W. P. ), vii. 44 ; Nachan-
gaon, x. 127; Nur Mahal, x. 418;
Peshawar, xi. 159 ; Shikarpur
(N.-W. P.), xii. 396 ; Syambazar, xiii.

x 43-

Sarai Saleh, town in Punjab, xii. 250.

Sarai Sidhu, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 250.

Sarai Sidhu, town in Punjab, xii. 251.

Saran, District in Bengal, xii. 251-259 ;
jurisdiction, xii. 251 ; physical aspects,
251, 252; population, 252-254;
material condition of the people, 254,
255 ; agriculture, 255, 256 ; natural
calamities, 256, 257 ; means of com-
munication, trade, etc., 257 ; admini-
stration, 257, 258 ; medical aspects,
,258, 259.

Saran, Sub-division in Bengal. See
Chapra.

Saranda, hill range in Bengal, xii. 259.

Saranda, pir or group of villages in
Singhbhum District, Bengal, xii. 259.

Sarang, Sultan, chief of the Ghakkars,
submitted to Babar, and was rewarded,
xii. 24.

Sarangarh, Native State in Central Pro-
xii. 259, 260.

Sarangarh, chief town of Sarangarh State,
xii. 260.

Sarangpur, town in Central India, xii.
260.

Saraniyas, aboriginal tribe in Kamriip,

vh. 359-
Saraogis. See Trading castes.
Saraspur, hill range in Assam, xii. 260,

261.
Saraswati, sacred river in N.-W. India,

now nearly silted up, xii. 261, 262.
Saraswati, silted up river in Bengal, xii.

262.
Saraswati, river in Western India, xii.

262.
Saratha, port in Orissa, xii. 262, 263.
Sarath Deogarh, town and Sub-division

in Bengal. See Deogarh.
Sarauli, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

263.
Sarawaks. See Trading castes.
Sarayan, river in Oudh, xii. 263.
Sarda, river in North-Western India and

Oudh, xii. 263.
Sardar Khan, Haidar All's general,

besieged Tellicherri (1780-82), xiii.

Sardar Shahr, town in Rajputana, xii.

263.^
Sardhana, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 263, 264.



Sardhana, town in N.-W. Provinces,
former capital of Begam Samru, xii.
264-266.

Sardines, caught at Karachi, vii. 451 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 12, 13.

Sareni, pargand in Oudh, xii. 266.

Sarfaraz Khan, Nawab of Bengal (1739,
1740), ii. 278; defeated by Ali Vardi
Khan at Gheria (1740), v. 73.

Sarfaraz Khan Kalhora, ruler of Sind
(1772-75), caused the Company to
withdraw their factory from Tatta, xii.
512.

Sargent, Dr., consecrated C.M.S. Bishop
of Tinnevelli (1877), xiii. 304.

Sarguja, Native State in Chutia Nagpur,
xii. 266-268 ; physical aspects, 266,
267 ; history, 267 ; population, 267
268 ; agriculture, 268 ; administration,
268.

Sargur, town in Mysore. See Saragur.

Sarh Salimpur, tahsil in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 268.

Sarila, petty State in Bundelkhand, xii.
268, 269.

Sariputta, apostle of Buddhism, his
ashes found at Sahet Mahet, xii.
127.

Sdrls or women's robes, manufactured at
Ahmadnagar, i. 109 ; Bardwan, ii.
132 ; Dabhoi in Baroda, ii. 159 ;
Bombay, iii. 59 ; Chakrabari, iii. 326 ;
Dholka, iv. 272 ; Dhulia, iv. 282,
283 ; Garhbori, v. 14 ; Ghusri, v. 76 ;
Ilkal, v. 509; Janjira, vii. 139;
Makes war, ix. 173 ; Margram, ix. 345 ;
Memari, ix. 405 ; Sinnar, xii. 545.

Sarishpur, hill range in Assam. See
Saraspur.

Sarjapur, village in Mysore, xii. 269.

Sarju, river in N.-W. Provinces. See
Gogra.

Sarkandi, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 269.

Sarkar Agrahara Vellalur, town in
Madras, xii. 269.

Sarmastipur, village in Bengal. See
Somastipur.

Sarmor (or Nahan), Punjab Hill State.
See Sirmur.

Sarnath, Buddhist ruins in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 269, 270.

Saromannagar, town and pargand in
Oudh, xii. 270.

Sarpara, tribe in Baluchistan, ii. 29.

Sarsa, town in Bombay, xii. 270.

Sarsaganj, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 270, 271.

Sarsaparilla, grown at Dindigal, iv. 301.

Sarsawa, ancient town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 271.

Sarsuti, river in N.-W. India. See
Saraswati.



INDEX.



291



Sartorius, Lutheran missionary in S.India,

ix. 25.
Sa.ru, hill in Bengal, xii. 271.
Sarvasiddhi, taluk in Madras, xii. 271.
Sarvepalli, town in Madras, xii. 271.
Sarwan, village in Oudh, xii. 271, 272.
Sarwar, town in Raj pu tana, xii. 272.
Sarwar Khan, Nawab of Tank, his

administrative power, had to submit to

the Sikhs, xiii. 196, 197.
Sarya, indigo factory in Bengal, xii. 272,

273-
Sasni, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii. 273.
Sasseram, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, xii. 273.
Sastri, Hon. Seshia, supplied materials

for article on Travancore, xiii. 340-

355-

Sasu, river in Assam. See Sesa.
Saswar, town in Bombay, xii. 274.
Sata, channel of the Indus in Sind, xii.

, 2 7 4 -

Satana, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xii. 274, 275.
Satanones, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.

2 75- ,
Satanwari, fort in Central India, xii.

275-

Satara, District in Bombay, xii. 275-284 ;
physical aspects, 275 - 277 ; history,
277, 278 ; population, 278, 279 ;
agriculture, 280, 281 ; irrigation, 281 ;
natural calamities, 281, 282 ; com-
merce and manufactures, 282, 283 ;
means of communication, 283 ; admini-
stration, 283, 284 ; medical aspects,
284.

Satara, Native State, lapsed to the
British for want of heirs (1849), article
1 India,' vi. 415.

Satara, town in Bombay, xii. 284, 285.

Satara Jagirs, The, group of Native
States* in Bombay, xii. 285, 286.

Satasgarh, ruin in Bengal. See Panduah.

Satgaon, ruined town and former mer-
cantile capital of Bengal, xii. 286.

Sathamba, petty State in Mahi Kantha,
Bombay, xii. 286.

Sathan, town in Oudh, xii. 286.

Sat/, or widow-burning, unknown in the
Rig- Veda, article 'India,' vi. 78;
abolition of, by Lord W. Bentinck, vi.

405-
Satkhira, town and Sub-division in

Bengal, xii. 287.
Satlaj, one of the five rivers of the Punjab.

See Sutlej.
Satlasna, Native State in Mahi Kantha,

Bombay, xii. 287.
Satnamis, reformed Vishnuite sect in the

Central Provinces, article 'India,' vi.

223. Local notices — Central Provinces,

iii. 312, 313; Chhatisgarh, iii. 396;



their founder born at Daryabad, iv.

451 ; Raipur, xi. 371.
Satodar "Waori, petty State in Kathiawar,

xii. 267.
Satpati, port in Bombay, xii. 287, 288.
Satpura, range of mountains in Bombay

and Central India, xii. 288, 289; article

' India,' vi. 35.
Satpura, forest in Central Provinces, xii.

289.
Satrikh, town and parg and in Oudh, xii.

289.
Satrunjaya, sacred hill in Kathiawar.

See Palitana.
Sattanapalli, taluk in Madras, xii. 290.
Sattankulam, town in Madras, xii. 290.
Satur, village and taluk in Madras, xii. 290.
Satyamangalam, town and taluk in

Madras, xii. 290, 291.
Sauda, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay. See Savda.
Saugor, District, Sub-division, and town

in Central Provinces. See Sagar.
Saugor, island at the mouth of the Hugh.

See Sagar.
Saundatti, town in Bombay, xii. 291.
Saunders, Thomas, Governor of Madras

at Fort St. David (1750-52) and at

Madras (1752-55), ix. 67.
Saunders, Trelawny, on the source of

the Sutlej, quoted, xiii. 140.
Saunt Jot, village in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 291.
Sauras. See Savars.
Saurath, village and fair in Bengal, xii.

291, 292.

Sausar, town and tahsil in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 292.
Savali, town in Baroda, xii. 292.
Savanur, Native State in Bombay, xii.

292, 293. _

Savanur, chief town of Savanur State,

xii. 293.
Savandrug, hill fort in Mysore, xii. 293,

2 94;

Savari, river in Madras. See Sabari.

Savars or Sauras, aboriginal race, especi-
ally numerous in Baramba, ii. 121 ;
Barunibunta Hills, ii. 178; Cuttack,
iv. 69 ; Ganjam, v. 5 ; Keunjhar, viii.
120; Khandpara, viii. 160; Kharsal,
viii. 16S ; Madras Presidency, ix. 21 ;
Orissa Tributary States, x. 472 ; Pal
Lohara, xi. 13 ; Parla Kimedi, xi. 64 ;
Raipur, xi. 371 ; Sambalpur, xii. 182 ;
Yizagapatam, xiii. 491.

Savda, Sub-division of Bombay, xii. 294.

Savda, town in Bombay, xii. 294, 295.

Savitri, river in Bombay, xii. 295.

Sawan Mall of Multan, received Dera
Ghazi Khan in farm from Ranjit Singh
(1832), iv. 312; tried to keep order,
ix. 496; ruled Multan (1829-44), x.



292



INDEX.



5 ; encouraged indigo planting there,
x. 7; his cenotaph, x. 12.

Sawantwari, Native State in Bombay,
xii. 295-299 ; physical aspects, crops,
etc., 296 ; population, 296, 297 ; manu-
factures, 297; means of communication,
297 ; trade, 297 ; history, 297-299.

Sawantwari, chief town of Sawantwari
State. See Wari.

Sawar, town in Rajputana, xii. 299.

Saw mills (steam), Amherst, i. 241 ;
Lower Burma, hi. 197 ; Dala, iv. 97 ;
Howrah, v. 465; Yellapur, vii. 373,
xiii. 553 ; Rangoon, xi. 484 ; Ratna-
giri, xii. II.

Sayana, ancient town in N. -W. Provinces.
See Siyana.

Sayla, Native State in Kathiawar, xii.

2 99-
Sayla, chief town of Sayla State, xn.

299.

Sayyidabad, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces.
See Sadabad.

Sayyid Ahmad, leader of the Wahabi
movement in India, visited Patna
(1820), xi. 99.

Sayyid dynasty, The (1414-50), article
' India,' vi. 286.

Sayyid Husain, murdered at Taragarh
(1210), i. 120; to whose shrine Akbar
went in procession on the birth of a
son, i. 121.

Sayyidnagar, decayed town in N.-W.
Provinces, xii. 299.

Sayyidpur, town in Bengal, xii. 300.

Sayyidpur, tahsil, village, and ruins in
N.-W. Provinces, xii. 300.

Sayyidpur, taluk in Sind, xii. 300, 301.

Say y ids, Muhammad an class of import-
ance, in Afghanistan, i. 40 ; Bombay
Presidency, hi. 52 ; Broach, iii. 103 ;
Gujrat, v. 192; Gurgaon, v. 218;
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 276 ; Hazara,
v. 364 ; Jalali, vii. 79 ; Jansath, vii.
142 ; Jar'cha, vii. 143 ; Muzaffargarh,
x. 60; Muzaffarnagar, x. 71 ; Pesha-
war, xi. 151 ; Pishin,xi. 189; Punjab,
xi. 273 ; Sind, xii. 518.

Sayyid Sara wan, village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 301.

Sayyid Shah, Haidar Ali's general, sur-
rendered Gurramkonda to Trimbak
Rao (1771), v. 224.

Sayyidwala, village in Punjab, xii. 301.

Scarcities. See Famines.

Scarves (lungis), made at Bahawalpur, i.
422 ; Dera Ismail Khan, iv. 228 ;
Dodderi, iv. 311 ; Gujranvvala, v. 187;
Hoshiarpur, v. 456 ; Rahon in Jaland-
har, vii. 89 ; Jodhpur, vii. 239 ;
Khushab, viii. 213, xii. 366 ; Kohat,
viii. 248 ; Ludhiana, viii. 526 ; Pesha-
war, xi. 154, 155 ; Tatta, xiii. 218.



Scents. See Perfumes.

Schiller, Ferdinand, his proposals with
regard to Port Canning, xi. 218.

Schmid, missionary in Tinnevelli (1820),
xiii. 304.

Schools. See Educational paragraph of
the administrative section of each
District article.

Schools, Normal. See Normal schools.

School of agriculture, Guindy, v. 178.

Schools of art, the Jamsetji Jejeebhoy, at
Bombay, iii. 60, 71, 81 ; Government
at Calcutta, iii. 259 ; at Jaipur, vii. 60 ;
Lahore, viii. 412; Madras, ix. 116;
Rajkot, xi. 389.

Schools of industry, at Lahore, viii. 413 ;
Madras, ix. 116 ; Ratnagiri, xii. 1 1.

Schools, Sanskrit. See Tols.

Schultze, Lutheran missionary in S.
India, ix. 25.

Schwartz, Protestant missionary in S.
India, article ' India,' vi. 260. Local
notices — His labours in Madras, ix. 25;
buried in St. Mary's Church, Madras,
ix. 107 ; founded mission in Tanjore
(1778), xiii. 185 ; at first in Tinnevelli
(1770), xiii. 303.

Schwarz, Ritter von, his report on the
iron of the Central Provinces, iii. 300.

Scotch missions. See Protestant missions.

Scott, Col., defeated the Peshwa at
Pardarkaura (1818), xi. 35, xiii. 540.

Scott, Mr., first British Political Agent
in the Khasi Hills, introduced potato-
growing (1830), viii. 121.

Scott-Waring, Mr. Edward, History of
the Mardthds, quoted, article ' India,'
vi. 317 (footnote 1).

Scully, Dr., on the Karakoram Pass,
quoted, vii. 464.

Sculpture, Greek and Indian types of, vi.
171 ; 608, 609.

Scythic invasions and inroads (126 B.C.
to 544 a.d. ), article ' India,' vi. chap,
vii. pp. 174-190. Aryan and Turanian
invasions from Central Asia, 174 ;
Scythic movements towards India, 174,
175 ; Kanishka's fourth Buddhist
Council (40 A. D.), 175 ; pre-Buddhistic
Scythic influences, 175 ; Buddha a
Sakya (? Scythian), 176, 177 ; early
Tibetan traditions, 177, 178 ; Sakya
race customs, 178 ; Scythic Buddhism
in India, 178, 179 ; Scythic elements
in the Indian population — the Jats and
Rajputs, 179, 180 ; Indian struggle
against the Scythians, 180-182; Vikra-
maditya's achievements, 181 ; Sen,
Gupta, and Vallabhi dynasties, 182,
183 ; the pre- Aryan element in ancient
India, 183 ; ancient pre- Aryan king-
doms, 184-189 ; the Takshaksof Rawal
Pindi, 184, 185 ; the Nagas, 185, 1S6;



INDEX.



293



the Ghakkars of Rawal Pindi, 1S6 ;
the Bhars of Oudh and the N.-W.
Provinces, 187 ; Koch kingdom of
Northern Bengal, 187, 188 ; the
Ahams of Assam, 188; Bundelas, 188;
Gonds, Ahirs, and Bhils of Central
India, 189 ; pre - Aryan aboriginal
tribes of Lower Bengal and Southern
India, 189 ; Scythic and Naga in-
fluences on Hinduism, and on the
religion and domestic life of modern



Online LibraryWilliam Wilson HunterThe imperial gazetteer of India (Volume 14) → online text (page 53 of 65)