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India, 189, 190.

Sea-borne trade of British India, article
'India,' vi. 559-581 ; the great sea-
ports, 559, 560 ; early European,
Portuguese, Dutch, and English traders,
560, 561 ; advancement of English
trade, 561,562; Indian trade (1878-85),
563, 564 ; staples of foreign sea-borne
import and export trade, 561-581. See
also Commerce and trade. Local notices
— Aden, i. 18, 19; Adrampet, i. 27;
Akyab, i. 160 ; Alleppi, i. 200 ; Anjan-
vvel, i. 290 ; Balasor, ii. 9 ; Bassein, ii.
202; Bengal, ii. 312-314; Beypur, ii. 335;
Bhaunagar, ii. 380 ; Bimlipatam, ii.
461 ; Bilimora, ii. 457, 458 ; Bombay
Presidency, iii. 65, city, iii. 81 ;
Broach, iii. 114; Bulsar, iii. 149;
Calcutta, iii. 262 - 267 ; Calicut, iii.
268 ; Cannanore, iii. 275 ; Chittagong,
iii. 445 ; Coconada, iii. 472 ; Cochin,
iv. 11; Coringa, iv. 42, 43 ; False
Point, iv. 391 ; Ghorbandar, v. 74 ;
Gopalpur, v. 162 ; Harnai, v. 340 ;
Honawar, v. 440 ; Jaitapur, vii. 7 1 ;
Kalingapatam, vii. 330 ; Kalyan, vii.
346 ; Karachi District, vii. 449 ;
Karachi port, vii. 456 ; Karwar, viii.
56; Keti, viii. 1 19; Kiimpta, viii.
361 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 63, 64,
city, ix. 112; Mangalore, ix. 313,
314; Masulipatam, ix. 353 ; Maulmain,
ix. 372 ; Mora, ix. 504 ; Bedi, x. 254 ;
Negapatam, x. 258, 259 ; Orissa, x.
460 ; Pen, xi. 132 ; Porbandar, xi.
216 ; Rangoon, xi. 486, 487 ; Ratna-
giri, xii. 1 1, 13; Sankshi ports, xii.
224 ; Surat, xiii. 128, 134 ; Tankari,
xiii. 198 ; Tavoy, xiii. 232, 233 ;
Tellicherri, xiii. 237 ; Thana, xiii. 259;
Trombay, xiii. 370 ; Tuticorin, xiii.
385, 386 ; Vengurla, xiii. 470 ; Vizaga-
patam, xiii. 498 ; Viziadrug, xiii. 499.

Sealing-wax, made at Sira, xii. 546 ;
Tumkur, xiii. 479.

Sealkote, District, lahsil, and town in
Punjab. See Sialkot.

Seaside watering places, Birkul, iii. 12,
13 ; Chandpur, iii. 361, 362; Ennore,
iv. 354-

Seaton, Sir Thomas, defeated the Etah
mutineers at Gangiri (Dec. 1857), iv.



360 ; and another band in Farukhaluid

(April 1858), iv. 411.
Seberi, river in Madras. See Sabari.
Secret orgies in Siva- worship, vi. 215.
Secretariats of the Government of India,

and of the Provincial governments, vi.

437, 438. . t .

Secretary of States India Council in
London, vi. 431.

Secular literature of the Hindus, article
'India,' vi. 118-128. See also chap,
xiii., 'The Indian Vernaculars and
their Literature,' 325-355.

Sect and national classification of the
population, article ' India,' vi. Appendix
X. 703. See also the Population
section of each District article.

Secunderabad, town and tahsil in N.-W.
Provinces. See Sikandarabad.

Secunderabad, British military canton-
ment in Haidarabad State, xii. 301-303.

Seebsaugor, District, Sub - division, and
town in Assam. See Sibsagar.

Segauli, town and cantonment in Bengal,
xii. 303 ; treaty of, the termination of
the Gurkha war (181 5), article 'India,'
vi. 400.

Seghur (Sigur) Ghat, pass in Madras, xii.

3°3-
Sehi, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

303, 304.

Sehora, village in Central Provinces, xii.
304.

Sehore, town and cantonment in Bhopal
State, Central India, xii. 304.

Sehwan, Sub-division in Sind, xii. 304, 305.

Sehwan, town and t&luk in Sind, xii. 305.

Sejakpur, petty State in Kathiawar,xii. 306.

Selam, District and town in Madras.
See Salem.

Selections from the Despatches of the Duke
of Wellington, by Sidney J. Owen,
quoted, article 'India,' vi. 317 (foot-
note 1).

Selections from the Despatches of the
Marquis VVellesley, by Sidney J.
Owen, quoted, vi. 317 (footnote 1).

Selere, river in Madras. See Siller.

Seleukos, Alexander's successor to his
conquests in Bactria and the Punjab
(312-306 B.C.), article ' India,' vi. 166,
167 ; cession of the Punjab to Chandra
Gupta, 167 ; Megasthenes' embassy to
Chandra Gupta's court at Pataliputra
(the modern Patna), 167, 168 ; his war
with Chandra Gupta, x. 362.

Selu, town in Central Provinces, xii. 307.

Sellings, aboriginal tribe of fishermen, etc.,
in Mergui, ix. 409; Mergui Archipelago,
ix. 412 ; Sullivan's Island, xiii. 95.

Sema Nagas, The, x. 147.

Sena dynasty, The, of Surashtra (70 B.C.-
235 A.D.), article 'India,' vi. 182.



294



INDEX.



Shendamangalam, town in Madras. See
Sendamangalam.

Sendgarsa, table-land in Bengal, xii.
307; .

Sendurjana, town in Berar, xii. 307.

Sengars, a tribe, originally Brahmans,
now Rajputs, in Jalaun, where they
plundered in 1857, vii. 97.

Senhati, town in Bengal, xii. 307.

Senna, grown, equal to Egyptian, in
Dindigal, iv. 301.

Sentapilli, village and lighthouse in
Madras. See Chantapilli.

Seodasheo Bhao, Maratha general, so
offended Suraj Mall of Bhartpur before
the battle of Panipat (1761) that he
left the army, ii. 373.

Seodivadar, petty State in Kathiawar,
xii. 307.

Seonath, river in Central Provinces, xii.

, 307,, 3p8.

Seondara, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 308.

Seonhra, town in Bundelkhand. See
Seorha.

Seoni, District in Central Provinces, xii.
308-314; physical aspects, 308, 309;
history, 309-311; population, 311,
312 ; agriculture, 312, 313 ; commerce
and trade, 313; administration, 313;
medical aspects, 313, 314.

Seoni, town and tahsil in Seoni District,
Central Provinces, xii. 314, 315.

Seoni, town and tahsil in Hoshangabad
District, Central Provinces, xii. 315,

, 316.

Seoniband, artificial lake in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 316.

Seopur, town in Central India, xii. 316.

Seoraj, tract of country in Kangra Dis-
trict, Punjab, xii. 316.

Seorha, town in Bundelkhand, xii. 316.

Seori Narayan, town and tahsil in Central
Provinces, xii. 316, 317.

Seo Singh, Raja of Edar (1753-91), lost
half his State to the Peshwa, and had
to pay tribute for the other half to the
Gaekwar, iv. ^8.

Seota, town in Oudh, xii. 317.

Sepoy mutiny. See Mutiny.

Sera, ancient name for the southern
Division of Dravida. See Chera.

Serajgunge, town and Sub -division in
Bengal. See Sirajganj.

Serampur, Sub-division in Bengal, xii.

. 317.

Serampur or Fredriksnagar, settlement
of the Danish East India Company
(1616), acquired by the English by
purchase (1845), article ' India,' vi. 372;
Baptist Mission at, founded by Carey,
Marshman, and Ward, 260; xii. 318.
Serfdom in India, vi. 49.



Sergada, estate in Madras, xii. 318.

Seringapatam, the old capital of Mysore,
xii. 318-320; history, 318, 319;
general description, 320 ; capture of,
and death of Tipu Sultan, article
'India,' vi. 396, 397.

Seringham, town and temple in Madras.
See Srirangam.

Serpentine rock, found in the Andaman
Islands, i. 283 ; Assam, i. 347 ; Dun-
garpur, iv. 322 ; Henzada, v. 384 ;
Jambulghata, vii. 1 21 ; Mysore, x. 91 ;
Nagari, x. 157.

Serpent-worship, its influence on Hindu-
ism, article ' India,' vi. 185, 186 ;
serpent ornamentation in Hinduism,
Buddhism, and Christianity, 202,
203. Local notices — Bara Banki, ii.
107; Bhuj, ii. 408 ; Central Provinces,
iii. 310; Hiremagalur, x. 423; Talsana,
xii. 169.

Sesa, river in Assam, xii. 320.

Seshachalam, hill rangein Madras, xii. 32 1.

Sesodia Rajputs, one of the leading clans
of Rajputs, xi. 409, 410 ; in Udaipur,
xiii. 402.

Seths, money-lenders and bankers. See
Trading castes.

Seton, Daniel, last Lieut. -Governor of
Surat up to 1800, monument to, in
Bombay Cathedral, xiii. 123.

Settipattadai, town in Madras, xii. 321.

Settur, town in Madras, xii. 321.

Seven Pagodas, t town in Madras. See
Mahabalipur.

Severi, river in Madras. See Sabari.

Sewan, Sub-division in Bengal, xii. 321,
322.

Sewan, town in Bengal. See Aliganj
Sewan.

Sewan, town in Punjab, xii. 322.

Sewani, town in Punjab, xii. 322.

Sex, Population classified according to.
See Population section of each Pro-
vincial and District article.

Shabkadar, town and fort in Punjab, xii.
322.

Shagreen, made at Nawanagar, x. 252.

Shahabad, District in Bengal, xii. 322-
333 ; physical aspects, 323, 324 ;
minerals, 324 ; wild animals, 324, 325 ;
the Son Canals, 325, 326 ; population,

326, 327 ; urban and rural population,

327, 328 ; antiquities, 328 ; defence of
Arrah (1857), 328, 329; agriculture,
3 2 9 - 331 ; natural calamities, 331 ;
commerce and trade, 331, 332 ; ad -
ministration, 332; education, 333 ;
medical aspects, ^33-

Shahabad, tahsil in Oudh, xii. 333, 334.
Shahabad, pargand in Oudh, xii. 334.
Shahabad, town in Oudh, xii. 335, 2*36-
Shahabad, town in Punjab, xii. 336, ^37-



INDEX.



295



Shahabad, town in Rampur State, N.-W.

Provinces, xii. 337.
Shahabad, town in Kashmir, xii. 337.
Shahabazar, town in Bombay, xii. 337.
Shah Abbas, of Persia, his siege of

Farrah, i. 35.
Shahab-ud-din Ghori. See Muhammad

of Ghor.
Shahada, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

337-

Shahada, town in Bombay, xii. 337, 33S.

Shah Alam, Emperor, received Allahabad
from the English ( 1765), and returned
it (1771), i. 187 ; invaded Bengal, ii.
255 ; confirmed grant of jdgir of
Chengalpat to the Company (1763),
iii. 382 ; restored by the Marathas to
Delhi (1771), and remained subject to
them till Lake took Delhi (1803), iii.

193-

Shahamat All, administered Ratlam State,

xii. 1.
Shahapur, town and Sub - division in

Bombay, xii. 338.
Shahapur, town in Sangli State, Bombay,

xii. 338.
Shahara, town in Central Provinces, xii.

338,339-

Shahbandar, Sub-division in Sind, xii. 339.

Shahbandar, taluk in Sind, xii. 339, 340.

Shahbandar, town in Sind, xii. 340.

Shahbaznagar, village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 340.

Shahbazpur, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 340.

Shahdadpur, taluk in Upper Sind Fron-
tier, Sind, xii. 340, 341.

Shahdadpur, town and t&luk in Haidar-
abad District, Sind, xii. 341.

Shahdara, village, with mausoleums, in
Punjab, xii. 341.

Shahdara, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
341, 342.

Shah Dheri, village and ruins in Punjab.
See Deri Shahan.

Shahganj, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

34 2 -

Shahganj, town in Oudh, xii. 342.

Shahgarh, town in Central Provinces,
xii. 342.

Shahi, canal in Punjab, xii. 342.

Shahiwal, town in Punjab. See Sahiwal.

Shah Jahan, fifth Mughal Emperor of
India (1628-58), article ' India,' vi.
302-305 ; chief events of his reign,
302 (footnote) ; loss of Kandahar
(1653), 303; Deccan conquests, 303,
304 ; Taj Mahal and other architec-
tural works, 304 ; revenues, 304 (foot-
note 3) ; deposed by his rebellious son,
Prince Aurangzeb, 305 ; magnificence
of his court, 305. Local notices — Pro-
claimed Emperor at Agra (1628), lived



there (1632-37), where he built the
Taj Mahal and Jama Masjid, and
spent his last days there after his depo
sition, i. 69 ; overthrew kingdom of
Ahmadnagar, i. 108 ; took Bard wan
(1624), ii. 127 ; Governor of Bengal
(1622-25), ii. 278 ; reconquered Berar
(1630), iii. 144 ; built the walls, palace,
and Jama Masjid of Delhi, iv. 186,
187, 188 ; which he called Shah-
jahanabad, iv. 193 ; built palace at
Gwalior, v. 236 ; established Muham-
madan colonies in Hardoi, v. 323 ; be-
cause refused refuge by the Portuguese
Governor of Hugli, when in rebellion
against his father, had that city stormed
(1629), v. 499, 500; his buildings at
Lahore, viii. 416 ; appointed special
governor to stamp out idolatry in
Muttra, x. 64 ; built Jama Masjid at
Tatta, because that city sheltered him
when a fugitive from his father, xiii.
219 ; as prince, commanded the army
which caused the Rana Umra of
Mewar to submit, xiii. 405 ; found an
asylum at Udaipur till his accession,
xiii. 410.
Shahjahanpur, District in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 342-355 ; physical aspects,
343, 344 ; wild animals, 344 ; history,
344-346 ; mutiny, 345, 346 ; popula-
tion, 346-348 ; material condition of
the people, 348, 349 ; agriculture, 349,
350; land tenures, rent, etc., 350,
351 ; natural calamities, 351, 352 ;
commerce and trade, 352, 353 ; ad-
ministration, 353, 354 ; medical aspects,

354, 355-
Shahjahanpur, tahsil'm N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 355-
Shahjahanpur, city in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 355-357-

Shahjahanpur, town in Gwalior State,
xii. 357-

Shah Jalal, Muhammadan fakir, who
accompanied the army which invaded
Sylhet, xiii. 146 ; his tomb a place of
worship, xiii. 157.

Shahji Bhonsla, founder of the Maratha
power (1634), article 'India,' vi. 317.
Local notices — Had his capital at Ban-
galore, ii. 60 ; an officer of the king of
Bijapur, ii. 424 ; commanded the Bija-
pur division at the capture of Gingi
(1638), v. 83; overran Kolaba (1632),
viii. 263 ; received Kolar in fief (1639),
which he bequeathed to Venkoji, viii.
274 ; his career, xi. 203, 204 ; had
Poona granted to him (1637), xi. 212 ;
Sira part of his jdgir, xii. 546 ; ruled
over Tumkiir, xiii. 376.

Shah-ki-dheri, village and ruins in Pun-
jab. See Deri Shahan.



'96



INDEX.



Shahlimar, gardens in Punjab. See
Shalamar.

Shahnavaz Khan, took refuge in Chait-
pet (1750), iii. 325.

Shah Nawaz Khan, Nawab of Tank,
restored by Edwardes (1846), xiii.
197.

Shahpur, District in Punjab, xii. 357-
367 ; physical aspects, 357-359 ; forest
conservancy, 360; minerals, 360, 361 ;
wild animals, 361 ; history, 361-363 ;
population, 363-365 ; agriculture, 365,
366 ; commerce and trade, 366 ; ad-
ministration, 366, 367 ; medical aspects,

3, 6 7-
Shahpur, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 367,

368.

Shahpur, town in Shahpur District, Pun-
jab, xii. 368.

Shahpur, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 368.

Shahpur, town in Gurdaspur District,
Punjab, xii. 368.

Shahpur, village in Sagar District, Cen-
tral Provinces, xii. 368.

Shahpur, village in Nimar District, Cen-
tral Provinces, xii. 368.

Shahpur, hill range in Central Provinces,
xii. 368, 369.

Shahpur, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.

Shahpura, Native State in Rajputana,

xii. 3 6 9> 37°-
Shahpura, capital of Shahpura State, xii.

370.
Shahpura, town in Central Provinces,

xii. 370.
Shahpuri, island in Chittagong District,

Bengal, xii. 370.
Shahr Sultan, town in Punjab, xii. 370,

371.

Shah Shuja, installed by the British as
Amir of Kabul (1839), article ' India,'
vi. 407. Local notices — Elphinstone's
mission to, i. 49 ; his restoration and
reign, i. 50, 51 ; failed to take Kanda-
har (1834), but crowned there after
British help (1839), vii. 392 ; his family
settled at Ludhiana, viii. 521 ; when in
exile, lived at Rawal Pindi, xii. 36 ;
invaded Shikarpur (1833), xii. 391 ;
defeated the Talpur Mirs at Sukkur
(1833), xiii. 94.

Shah Taryab, general of the Muham-
madans, who invaded Damoh (10th
century), where his descendants still
live, iv. 108.

Shahzadzpur, town in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 371.

Shaikhawati, province in Jaipur State,
Rajputana, xii. 371-373.

Shaikh Budin, hill and sanitarium in
Punjab, xii. 373.



Shaikhpura, town in Bengal, xii. 373.

Shaikhs. See Muhammadans, and Popu-
lation section in the Districts in which
Muhammadans are numerous.

Shaista Khan, nephew of Niir Jahan,
punished the king of Arakan for the
murder of Sultan Shuja, i. 152 ; Nawab
of Bengal (1664-75, 1680-89), ii-
278 ; conquered Chittagong (1664,
1665), iii. 436 ; his buildings at Dacca,
iv. 81 ; confiscated factory at Kasim-
bazar with other factories in Bengal
(1686), viii. 80; defeated the Por-
tuguese pirates of Noakhali, x. 342,
343; occupied Poona (1663), but was
defeated there by Sivaji, xi. 212 ; con-
quered Sandwip Island (1665), xii.
210.

Shakargarh, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 373.

Shakargarh, town and fort in Punjab.
See Shabkadar

Shakespear, Major, fought his way through
the Singhora Pass to relieve Sambalpur
(1857), xii. 178.

Shalamar, gardens, near Lahore, in the
Punjab, xii. 374.

Shall, hill in Punjab, xii. 374.

Shalvari, town in Bombay, xii. 374.

Sham Das, mutineer leader (1857), whose
village was destroyed by the Raja of
Faridkot, iv. 393.

Shami, town in Radhanpur State, Bom-
bay, xii. 374.^

Shamli, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

374, 375-
Shamli, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

375-,
Shamsabad, town in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 375-

Shamsha, river in Mysore, xii. 375, 376.

Shamsher Bahadur, son of AH Bahadur
of Bundelkhand, defeated by Colonel
Powell, and deposed, iii. 156.

Shamsherganj, village in Assam, xii. 376.

Shams-ud-din Altamsh. See Altamsh.

Shams-ud-din, Governor of Bengal, over-
ran Noakhali (1353), x. 341.

Shanans, toddy - drawers, generally
demon-worshippers, in Madras Presi-
dency, ix. 20 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 302.

Shandus, aboriginal tribe in Arakan Hill
Tracts, i. 300; Lower Burma, iii. I S3,
1 84 ; their raids on the Chittagong Hill
Tracts, iii. 448, 450.

Shank or conch shells, found in and ex-
ported from Tinnevelli, xiii. 308.

Shanor, petty State in Rewa Kantha, -
xii. 376.

Shans, in Amherst, i. 238, 242 ; Bassein,
ii. 196; Lower Burma, iii. 182; Upper
Burma, iii. 212; Henzada, v. 386;
Prome, xi. 230 ; Rangoon, xi. 476,
477; Salwin Hill Tracts, xii. 175;



INDEX.



297



Shwe-gyin, xii. 431 ; Taung-ngu, xiii.

224 ; Tharawadi, xiii. 272 ; Shan-zu,

near Twan-te, xiii. 386.
Shapur, petty State in Kathiawar. See

Shah pur.
Sharabhojf, last Maratha Raja of Tanjore,

ceded it to the Company (1799), xiii.

182 ; and died (1832), xiii. 183.
Sharadanadi, river in Madras, xii. 376.
Sharakpur, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 376.
Sharakpur, town in Punjab, xii. 376,

377 ' • -otv ••

Sharavati, river m S. India, xii. 377.

Sharif Khan, Governor of Ellichpur
(1741-52), deposed by the Nizam
for pretending to equality, iv. 346.

Sharkey, Mrs. , maintained mission school
for girls at Masulipatam for 31 years,

ix - 355-

Sharki Dynasty of jaunpur, History of,
vii. 152, x. 364, 365.

Sharks' fins, exported from Chittagong,
iii. 434.

Sharretalai, town and taluk in Travan-
core, xii. 377.

Shatal, pass in Punjab, xii. 377.

Shaw, R. B., Resident at Mandalay,
where he died (1879), iii. 229 ; quoted,
on the Karakoram Pass, xii. 464.

Shawl-edging, made at Gujranwala, v.
187 ; Kila Sobha Singh, viii. 217 ;
Narowal, x. 214; Sialkot, xii. 447,
448.

Shawls, article 'India,' vi. 112; 603;
an Indian jewelled shawl, vi. 604.
Local notices— Shawls made at Am-
ritsar, i. 265 ; Benares, ii. 266 ; Delhi,
iv. 197 ; Dera Nanak, iv. 229 ; Fateh-
garh, iv. 421 ; Gujrat, v. 197 ; Islam-
abad, vii. 26; Jalalpur, vii. 80; Kangra,
vii. 426 ; Kashmir, viii. 73 ; Kistawar,
viii. 215; Lucknow, viii. 516; Ludhi-
ana, viii. 523, 526 ; Nurpur, x. 419 ;
Pathankot, xi. 86 ; Punjab, xi. 287 ;
Rampur, xi. 460, xii. 494.

Shawl-wool trade, at Leh, viii. 469.

Sheep, article 'India,' yi. 521, 522.
Local notices — Afghanistan, i. 39;
Chanda, iii. 353 ; Chitaldrug, iii. 426 ;
Garhwal, v. 21, 22; Hunsur, v. 502;
Jaisalmer, vii. 69 ; Kathiawar, viii.
96; Kolar, viii. 276; Ladakh, viii.
397 ; Madras, ix. 8, 9 ; Malvalli, ix.
266 ; Mandya, ix. 311 ; Nepal, x. 277,
278 ; Purniah, xi. 322 ; Rajputana,
xi. 418 ; Saifganj, xii. 141 ; Sirmur,

• xii. 555 ; Tumkur, xiii. 379 ; Udaipur,
xiii. 402.

Sheep as beasts of burden in the Hima-
layas, article ' India,' vi. 10.

Sheep, Wild, tcridl, jungle sheep, etc.,
article ' India.' vi. 657. Local notices
— Baluchistan, ii.36; Bannu, ii. 90;



Chamba, iii. 329 ; Chengalpat, iii.

382 ; Coorg, iv. 32 ; Gilghit, v. 78 ;

Hassan, v. 346 ; Himalaya Mountains,

v. 409 ; Hindu Kush, v. 419 ; Karachi,

vii. 445 ; Ladakh, viii. 397 ; Palni

Mountains, xi. 17; Peshawar, xi. 147;

Pishin, xi. 188 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 23 ;

Shahpur, xii. 361 ; Shevaroy Hills,

xii. 383 ; Shimoga, xii. 400.
Shegaon, town in Berar, xii. 377, 378.
Shekhawati, province in Rajputana. See

Shaikhawati.
Shekh Budin, sanitarium in Punjab. See

Shaikh Budin.
Shekohpura, ancient town in Punjab,

xii. 378.
Sheila, petty State in the Khasi Hills,

xii. 378.
Shell-carving, at Dacca, iv. 16 ; Sylhet,

xiii. 157.
Shell-fish, found in the Andaman Islands,

i. 282 ; Faridpur, iv. 396 ; Madras

Presidency, ix. 102 ; Nicobar Islands,

x. 295 ; the Sundarbans, xiii. 389.
Shell-lac, manufactured at Birbhum, iii. 9 ;

Lohardaga, viii. 484 ; Mirzapur, ix.

462.
Shell-lime. See Lime.
Shendamangalam, xii. 378.
Shendurjana, town in Berar. See Sen-

durjana.
Shendurni, town in Bombay, xii. 378,

379-
Sheng-dha-wai, pagoda in Lower Burma.

See Shin -da- we.
Sheng-maw, pagoda in Lower Burma.

See Shin-maw.
Sheng-mut-ti, pagoda in Lower Burma.

See Shin-mut-ti.
Shenkotta, town and taluk in Travancore,

xii - 379-
Sheogaon, town and Sub-division in

Bombay. See Shivgaon.
Sheopur, town in Gwalior State. See

Seopur.
Shepherd, Major, checked the advance

of Amir Khan on Irich (1804), vii. 24.
Sher, river in Central Provinces, xii.

379-

Sheraingil, taluk in Travancore, xn. 379.

Sher All, port in Bombay. See Shirali.

Sher Ali Khan, Amir of Afghanistan,
interview with Lord Mayo at Ambala,
i. 51 ; died in exile (1879), i. 52; his
capture of Kandahar (1865), and re-
capture (1868), vii. 395.

Shergarh, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
380.

Shergarh, ruined village in Bengal, xii.
380.

Sherghati, town in Bengal, xii. 380.

Sherkot, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
380.



298



INDEX.



Shermadevi, town in Madras, xii. 381.

Sher Muhammad Khan, Nawab of Chica-
cole, in Vizagapatam (1652), iii. 21 ;
ruled over Ganjam, v. 3.

Sher Muhammad Khan, Nawab of Dera
Ismail Khan, lost part of his territory
to the Sikhs (1821), and the rest (1836),
iv. 221.

Sheroda, State in Kathiawar. See Shi-
rod a.

Sherpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

Sherpur, town in Bogra District, Bengal,
xii. 381.

Sherpur, town in Maimansingh District,
Bengal, xii. 381. 382.

Sherpur, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay. See Shirpur.

Sherring's, Rev. M. A., Hindu Tribes and
Castes, vi. 193 (footnote 1) ; 194 (foot-
notes 2, 3, and 4) ; 195 (footnote 2) ;
221 (footnote 4).

Sher Shah, Afghan Emperor of Delhi
(1540-45), killed while storming the
fortress of Kalinjar, article 'India,' vi.
291. Local notices — Defeated Hum-
ayim at Chausa (1539), iii. 378; took
Delhi (1540), and built fortress of Sa-
limgarh, iv. 193 ; attempted to settle
Etawah, iv. 371 ; sacked Gaur (1537),
v. 36; took Gwalior (1543), v. 236;
killed at Kalinjar, vii. 332 ; defeated
Humayun at Kanauj (1540), vii. 386;
took Raisin (1543), xi. 380; took
Rohtasgarh (1539), xii. 78; built fort
of Rotas (1540), xii. 80 ; his mausoleum
at Sasseram, xii. 273 ; terminus of his
Great Trunk Road at Sonargaon, xiii.

Sher Shah, village in the Punjab, xii.
382.

Sher Singh, Sikh general, defeated Say-
yid Ahmad at Derband (1827), iv.
229; defeated at Gujrat (1849), v.
190; repaired the Khanwah Canal
(1843), vn i- I ^5 i commander-in-chief
in second Sikh war, xi. 266 ; action at
Ramnagar, xi. 452 ; laid down arms at
Rawal Pindi (1849), xii. 36,37 ; action
at Sadullapur, xii. 97.

Shervarayar Malai. See Shevaroy Hills.

Shetrunja (Satrunjaya), place of pilgrim-
age. See Palitana.

Shevaroy, hill range in Madras, xii. 382-

385.

Shiah Posh. See Kafirs.

Shiahs, one of the great Muhammadan
sects. See Muhammadans, the Popu-
lation section of each District article,
and especially Faizabad, iv. 383 ;
Jaunpur, vii. 154; Lucknow District,
viii. 496, 497, city, v. 515.

Shiar, pass in Punjab, xii. 385.



Shibi, village in Mysore, xii. 385.
Shidhpur, town in Baroda. See Sidhpur.
Shi-gun, village in Lower Burma, xii.

385.

Shikaris or Daphers, Muhammadan class
in Haidarabad (Sind), v. 277.

Shikarpur, District in Sind, xii. 385-394 ;
physical aspects, 385, 386 ; history,
386-392 ; population, 392, 393 ; agri-
culture, 393 ; natural calamities, 393 ;
commerce and trade, 393 ; administra-
tion, 393, 394 ; medical aspects, 394.

Shikarpur, taluk in Sind, xii. 394.

Shikarpur, town in Sind, xii. 394-396.

Shikarpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
396.

Shikarpur, taluk in Mysore, xii. 396.

Shikarpur, village in Mysore, xii. 396,

397-
Shikohabad, tahsll in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 397.
Shikohabad, town in N.-W. Provinces,

xii- 397, 398.
Shillong, hill station and administrative

head-quarters of Assam, xii. 398, 399.
Shillong, mountain range in Assam, xii.

399-
Shimoga, District in Mysore, xii. 399-

406 ; physical aspects, 399, 400 ; his-
tory, 400, 401 ; population, 401-403 ;

agriculture, 403, 404 ; manufactures

and trade, 404 ; administration, 404,

405 ; medical aspects, 405, 406.
Shimoga, town and taluk in Mysore, xii.

406.
Shimshupa, river in Mysore. See Sham-

sha.
Shin-da-we, pagoda in Lower Burma,

xii. 406.
Shingnapur, town in Bombay, xii. 406,

407.
Shin-maw, pagoda in Lower Burma, xii.

407.
Shin-mtit-ti, pagoda in Lower Burma,

xii. 407.
Shins, tribe in Gilghit, v. 78, 80, 81 ;

the Hindu Kush, v. 417, 418.
Ship-building in Balasor, ii. 4 ; Chitta-



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