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gong, iii. 441 ; Coringa, iv. 32 ;

Daman, iv. 102 ; Maulmain, ix. 372 ;

Rangoon, xi. 485, 486.
Shiron, town in Baroda, xii. 407.
Shirali, port in Bombay, xii. 407.
Shiroda, petty State in Kathiawar, xii.

Shirol, town in Bombay, xii. 407.
Shirpur, Sub - division in Bombay, xii.

407, 408.
Shirpur, town in Bombay, xii. 408.
Shisham trees, found in Allahabad, i.

190 ; Assam, i. 349 ; Azamgarh, i.

393 ; Bannu, ii. 89 ; Bareilly, ii. 138 ;

Betul, ii. 329 ; Bhakkar, ii. 358 ;



INDEX.



299



Bijnaur, ii. 428 ; Bombay Presidency,
iii. 44; Bulandshahr, iii. 132; Daman,
iv. 102 ; Eastern Dwars, iv. 329 ; Jash-
pur, vii. 145 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ;
Karor, viii. 48 ; Kheri, viii. 190 ; the
Konkan, viii. 292; Kulsi, yiii. 335;
Lahore, viii. 404 ; Larkhana, viii.
463 ; Mainpuri, ix. 202 ; Mehar, ix.
396; Monghyr, ix. 480; MuzaflFar-
garh, x. 57;' Nepal, x. 277; N.-W.
Provinces, x. 380 ; Oudh, x. 482 ;
Peshawar, xi. 146 ; Punjab, xi. 280 ;
Purl, xi. 301 ; Rai Bareli, xi. 353 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 3 ; Rawal Pindi, xii.
21 ; Rewa Kantha, xii. 49 ; Shahpur,
xii. 360; Sind, xii. 506; Singhbhum,
xii. 521 ; Sitapur, xiii. 30; Sultanpur,
xiii. 97 ; Upper Sind Frontier, xiii.

439-
Shiurajpur, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 408, 409.
Shiurajpur, town in Cawnpur District,

N.-W. Provinces, xii. 409.
Shiurajpur, village in Allahabad District,

N.-W. Provinces, xii. 409.
Shiurajpur, village in Fatehpur District,

N.-W. Provinces, xii. 409.
Shivaganga, town and estate in Madras.

See Sivaganga.
Shivaganga, hill in Mysore. See Siva-
ganga.
Shivbara, petty Bhil State in Bombay.

See Dang States.
Shivgaon, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

409, 410.
Shivgaon, town in Bombay, xii. 410.
Shivner, hill fort in Bombay, xii. 410,

4ii-

Shiyali, town and taluk in Madras, xn.
411.

Sholagarh, town in Bengal, xn. 411.

Sholangipuram, town in Madras. See
Sholinghar.

Sholapur, District in Bombay, xii. 411-
420; physical aspects, 411, 412; his-
tory, 412, 413; population, 413, 414;
agriculture, 414, 415; irrigation, 415,
416 ; forests, 416 ; natural calamities,

416, 417 ; trade, communications, etc.,

417, 418 ; administration, 418, 419 ;
medical aspects, 419, 420.

Sholapur, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.
420.

Sholapur, town in Bombay, xii. 420-422.

Sholawandan, town in Madras, xii. 422.

Sholinghar, town in Madras, xii. 422, 423.

Shorapur, formerly a tributary State of
the Nizam, now a part of his dominions,
xii. 423, 424.

Shore, Sir John, Governor-General of
India, Lord Teignmouth (i793"9S),
article ' India,' vi. 394. Local notices
— Framed the Permanent Settlement



in Bengal, ii. 279 ; refused to interfere
in the war between the Nizam and the
Marathas, v. 251 ; his description <>f
his life as Political Agent at Murshid-
abad (177^73), x - 37- ,

Shorkot, ancient town and tahsil in
Punjab, xii. 424.

Shortt, Dr., quoted, on the Kotas, viii.
301 ; on the Nilgiri hill tribes, x. 310-
312; on the Nilgiri cromlechs, x. 323.

Shrankaji Narayan Sachiv, took Sinh-
garh (1706), xii. 544.

Shravan-belgola, village with statue oi
Gomateswara in Mysore, xii. 424, 425.

Shrigonda, town and Sub - division in
Bombay. See Srigonda.

Shrines common to different faiths,
article 'India,' vi. 203.

Shrines. See Temples and Tombs of
Muhammadan saints.

Shrivardhan, town in Bombay. See Sri-
wardhan.

Shuja, Sultan, son of Shah Jahan, mur-
dered by the king of Arakan (1661),
i. 152 ; Governor of Bengal (1639-60),
ii. 278 ; granted site of a factory in
Bengal to the East India Company
(1640), v. 491 ; rebelled, and was
finally defeated by Mir Jumla (1660),
xiii. 166.

Shujabad, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 425,426.

Shujabad, town in Punjab, xii. 426.

Shuja-ud-daula, Nawab of Oudh (i75 6 "
80), his wars with the Rohillas, ii. 139,
140; invaded Bengal with Shah Alam,
ii. 255 ; ceded Cawnpur and Fateh-
garh to the East India Company
(1765), iii. 291 ; made Faizabad his
capital (1760), iv. 382, 388 ; conquered
Rohilkhand (1774) with British help,
iv. 411 ; defeated the Rohillas at East
Fatehganj, iv. 419 ; surrendered Fateh-
pur to the Emperor (1765), and bought
it back from the British (1774), iv -
424; his reign in Oudh and treaties
with the Company, x. 489, 490; his
behaviour at the battle of Panipat
(1761), xi. 45, 46; founded Shahganj,
xii. 342.

Shuja-ud-din Khan, Nawab of Bengal
(1705-39), ii. 278; conquered Tip-

perah (i733)> xiii - 3H-

Shutar Gardan, pass in Afghanistan, xn.

426.
Shwe An-daw, pagoda in Lower Burma,

xii. 426.
Shwe Dagon, pagoda in Lower Burma,

xii. 426-428.
Shwe - daung, town and township in

Lower Burma, xii. 428.
Shwe-gyin, District in Lower Burma, xii.

428-434 ; physical aspects, 429, 430 ;

population, 43<>43 2 ; agriculture, 432,



3°°



INDEX.



433 ; manufactures and communica-
tions, 433 ; administration, 433, 434 ;
climate, 434.

Shwe-gyin, township in Lower Burma,
xii. 434, 435.

Shwe-gyin, town in Lower Burma, xii.

435-
Shwe-gyin, river in Lower Burma, xii.

435-
Shwe-laung, township in Lower Burma,

xii. 435, 436.
Shwe-le, river in Lower Burma, xii. 436.
Shwe-le, township in Lower Burma, xii.

436-
Shwe-maw-daw, pagoda in Lower Burma,

_, xii - 436, 437-

Shwe-myin-din, pagoda in Lower Burma,
xii. 437.

Shwe-nat-taung, pagoda in Lower Burma,
xii. 437.

Shwe-nyaung-bin, river in Lower Burma,
xii. 437.

Shwe-san-daw, pagoda in Rangoon Dis-
trict, Lower Burma, xii. 437, 438.

Shwe-san-daw, pagoda in Prome Dis-
trict, Lower Burma, xii. 438, 439.

Shwe-thek-lut, pagoda in Lower Burma,
xii. 439.

Shwe-tsu-taung-byi, pagoda in Lower
Burma. See Shwe-myin-din.

Shwe - tsway - daw, pagoda in Lower
Burma. See Shwe An-daw.

Sial Rajputs, ruled in Jehlam, vii. 170;
in Jhang, vii. 207-209.

Sialdah, village in Bengal, xii. 439.

Sialkot, District in Punjab, xii. 439-450 ;
physical aspects, 439 - 441 ; history,
441-443 ; population, 443-445 ; houses,
dress, and manner of life, 445, 446 ;
agriculture, 446, 447 ; commerce and
trade, 447, 448 ; means of communi-
cation, 448 ; administration, 448, 449 ;
medical aspects, 449, 450.

Sialkot, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 450.

Sialkot, town and cantonment in Punjab,
xii. 450-452.

Sialtek, village in Assam, xii. 452, 453.

Siam, trans - frontier trade with, article
' India,' vi. 589, 590.

Siana, town in N.-W. Provinces. See
Siyana.

Siarkhawas, gipsy-like people in Balram-
pur, ii. 25.

Siarsol, coal-mine in Bengal, xii. 453.

Sibi, District in Southern Afghanistan,
ceded to the British (1881), xii. 453-
458 ; physical aspects, 453-455 5 agri-
culture, 455 ; population, 455, 456 ;
trade, etc., 456, 457 ; history, 457,

.458.
Sibi, village in Mysore. See Shibi.
Sibpur, suburb of Howrah town, Bengal,
xii. 458, 459.



Sibsagar, District in Assam, xii. 459-
472 ; physical aspects, 459, 460 ; his-
tory, 461, 462; population, 463-465;
material condition of the people, 465,
466 ; agriculture, 466, 467 ; spare
land, 467 ; landless labouring classes,
467, 468 ; natural calamities, 468 ;
manufactures, 468, 469 ; commerce
and trade, 469 ; tea cultivation and
manufacture, 469 ; means of communi-
cation, 469; administration, 469-471 ;
medical aspects, 471.

Sibsagar, town and Sub - division in
Assam, xii. 472.

Siddhapur, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

472, 473-
Siddhapur, village in Bombay, xii. 473.
Siddhaur, town and pargand in Oudh,

xii. 473.
Siddheshwara, peak in Coorg, xii. 473.
Siddheswar, village in Assam, xii. 474.
Sidhaut, town and taluk in Madras, xii.

474-

Sidhis, descendants of African slaves in
Haidarabad (Sind), v. 277; Janjira,
vii. 139; North Kanara, vii. 371.

Sidhpur, town in Baroda, xii. 474.

Sidlaghata, taluk in Mysore, xii. 474,

475-

Sidlaghata, town in Mysore, xii. 475.

Sidli, one of the Eastern Dwars, Assam,
xii. 475.

Sieges and assaults, in which Asiatics
only were engaged, Ajaigarh (1800), i.
112; Ajmere (1791), i. 131; Biana
(1004), "• 4 X § '■> Borsad (1748), iii. 90;
Champaner (1482-94^ 1535), iii. 333;
Deogiri, now Daulatabad (1294), iv.
259; Gingi (1690-98), v. 83, 84;
Golconda (1687), v. 144; Gooty
(1776), v. 160; Gurdaspur (1712), v.
214; Hoshangabad(i795, 1802, 1809),
v. 443, 444 ; Janjira (1682), vii. 1 41 ;
Kalinjar (1202, 1530, 1534, 1570), vii.
332; Kamlagarh (1840), vii. 353;
Kandahar (1737), vii. 392; Mankera
(1821), ix. 337 ; Multan (1818), x. 4 ;
Parenda (1630, 1633), xi. 62 ; Pawa-
garh(i484), xi. 122; Purandhar (1665),
xi. 298; Rahatgarh (1807), xi. 345;
Ramnagar (1795), x i- 45 2 5 Sambalpur
(1797), xii. 179, 180; Sampgaon
(1683), xu - I 9 1 ; Satara (1599-1606),
xii. 274; Seopur (18 16), xii. 316;
Singaurgarh, xii. 529 ; Sinhgarh (1665,
1670, 1702), xii. 544; Sohagpur (1803),
xiii. 47; Somnath (1024-26), xiii.
51 ; Surat (1573), xiii. 120; Udaipur
(1769), xiii. 409; Vellore (1676), xiii.
467 ; Warangal (1309), xiii. 521.

Sieges and assaults, in which Europeans
were engaged, Ahmadabad (1780), i.
95 ; Ahmadnagar (1803), i. 109; Ajai-



INDEX.



301



garh (1809), i. 112; Alfgarh (1803),
i. 170, 171, 178; Ambur (176S), i. 230 ;
Arcot (1751. 1760), i. 309, 310; Arni
(1751, 17S2), i. 332; Arrah (1857),
i- 333. 334 5 Asirgarh (1803, 1S19), i.
339; Bangalore ( 1791 ), ii. 69; Bassein
U739, 1780), ii. 191, 192; Belgaum
(1818), ii. 239; Bhartpur (1805, 1827 s
ii. 374; Bobbili (1756), iii. 21; Broach
(1771, 1772), iii. 109; Cawnpur(i857),
iii. 2S2, 2S3, 291, 292 ; Chanda
(1818), iii. 350; Chengalpat (1752),
iii. 3S9 ; Chilambaram (1753, I759>
17S1), iii. 412,413; Coimbatore(i79i),
iv. 16; Cuddalore (1758, 17S3), iv.
46 ; Delhi (1804), iv. 193, (1857), iv.
!94. 195 ; Dig (1804), iv. 286 ; Diu
(153S, 1545), iv. 307; Gawilgarh
(1803), v. 43 ; Ghazni (1841, 1842), v.
72; Gingi (1761), v. 83; Gurramkonda
(1791, 1792), v. 224, 225; Hathras
(1817), v. 355; Hinglajgarh (1804), v.
422 ; Honawar (1783, 1784), v. 440 ;
Hugh (1629), v. 491 ; Jaitak (1814,
1815), vii. 71 ; Jalalabad (1841, 1842),
vii. j6 ; Jamalabad (1799), vii. 118 ;
Kalinjar (1812), vii. 333 ; Kalpi
(1803), vii. 342; Kalyan (1780-82),
vii. 346; Kamona (1807), vii. 353;
Kandahar (1842), vii. 393, 394, (1S80),
vii. 396; Karur (1760, 1783, 1790),
viii. 52 ; Kaveripuram (1 769), viii. 106;
Kondapilli (1768), viii. 287; Kondavir
(1757), viii. 288; Lahar (1780), viii.
400; Lucknow (1857, 1858), viii. 513-
515; Malaun (1815), ix. 237; Male-
gaon(i8i8), ix. 254; Mandla (1818),
ix. 303; Mandrak (1857), ix. 309;
Mangalore (1783, 1784), ix. 313;
Masulipatam (1759), ix. 354; Monier-
khal (1871), ix. 491 ; Multan (1848,
1849), x. 5 ; Nalapani (1814), x. 181 ;
Nandidrug (1791), x. 192; Nellore
( I 757)> x - 2 7 2 5 Pawangarh (1844), xi.
122; Pegu (1852), xi. 128; Peruma-
kal (1759), xi. 140, 141; Purandhar
(1818), xi. 298; Ragauli ([809), xi.
344; Rahatgarh (1858), xi. 346; Rai-
garh (1818), xi. 364; Sasni (1803),
xii. 273; Savandrug (1791), xii. 294;
Seringapatam (1792, 1799), xii. 319,
320; Settipadai (1753), xii. 321;
Sholapur (1818), xii. 421 ; Sikhar
(1781), xii. 483 ; Sinhgarh (1818), xii.
544; Tellicherri (1780-82), xiii. 237;
Thana (1774), xiii. 258; Tiagar (1790),
xiii. 293 ; Tiruvannamalai, xiii. 329 ; 1
Trichinopoli (1749-54), xiii. 356, 357;
Vellore (17S0-82), xiii. 468; Vizaga-
patam (17 10), xiii. 498; Wandiwash
H752, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1780-83),
xiii. 517, 518.
Sigur Ghat, pass in Madras. See Seghur. >



Sihonda, ancient town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii. 475, 476.

Sihor, town in Kathiawar, xii. 476.

Sihor, town in Bhopal State. See Sehore.

Sihora, petty State in Rewa Kantha,
xii. 476.

Sihora, tahsil in Central Provinces, xii.
476 ;

Sihora, town in Jabalpur District, Central
Provinces, xii. 477.

Sihora, town in Bhandara District,
Central Provinces, xii. 477.

Sijakpur, petty State in Kathiawar. See
Sejakpur.

Sijauli, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

.477-
Sijawal, taluk in Sind, xii. 477.
Siju, village and coal-mines in Assam,

. xii - 477 ,' ,
Sikandarabad, tahsil m N.-W. Provinces,

xii. 477, 478.

Sikandarabad, town in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 478.

Sikandarabad, town and cantonment in
Haidarabad State. 6'^Secunderabad.

Sikandar Lodi, Emperor, took Biana
(1491), ii. 418; conquered Sambhal
(1498), ix. 506; destroyed temples of
Muttra, x. 54; took Narwar (1506),
x. 227 ; founded Shikarpur (N.-W.
P.), xii. 396; founded Sikandarabad
(1498), xii. 478 ; and Sikandra (1495),
xii. 481.

Sikandarpur, pargand in Oudh, xii. 478-
480.

Sikandarpur, town in N.-W. Provinces,
xii. 480.

Sikandra, village in Agra District, N.-W.
Provinces, xii. 480, 481 ; tomb of
Akbar at, article 'India,' vi. 295.

Sikandra, village in Allahabad District,
N.-W. Provinces, xii. 481, 4S2.

Sikandra Rao, town and tahsil in N.-W.
Provinces, xii. 482.

Sikar, town in Rajputana, xii. 4S2.

Sikhar, town and fort in N. -W. Provinces,
xii. 482, 483.

Sikhs, history of the. Nanak, the founder
of the religious sect, article ' India,' vi.
223; 410; Ranjit Singh, the founder of
the kingdom, 410, 411 ; first Sikh war
(1845); battles of Mudki, Firozshah,
Aliwal, and Sobraon, 411 ; second
Sikh war (1848-49); battles of Chilian-
wala and Gujrat, 412,413; annexation
of the Punjab and its pacification, 413;
loyalty of the Sikhs during the Mutiny
of 1857, 419, 420. Local notices —
Their defeat at Aliwal, i. 182 ; their
gurus and history in Amritsar, i. 256,
257; their attempts to conquer Bannu,
ii. 91 ; the battle of Chilianwala, iii.
414, 415 ; incursions into Dehra Dun,



302



INDEX.



iv. 171 ; conquered Dera Ismail Khan,
iv. 221 ; conquered Firozpur, iv. 440;
the first Sikh war fought in that
District, iv. 441 ; defeated at Firoz-
shah, iv. 449 ; conquered Gujranwala,
v. 181, 182; and Gujrat, in which
second Sikh war was fought, v. 190 ;
conquered Hazara with difficulty, v.
361, 362 ; and Hoshiarpur, v. 453 ;
their conquest and oppressive rule in
the Jalandhar Doab, vii. 85, 86 ; con-
quered Jehlam, vii. 169 ; defeated
the Gurkhas in Kangra, and con-
quered that District, vii. 416, 417;
conquest of Karnal and misgovernment
there, viii. 20, 21 ; conquered Kashmir
(1819), viii. 61 ; stormed Kasur (1763,
1770), and at last conquered it (1809),
viii. 84 ; in Kulu, viii. 339 ; ruled in
Lahore, viii. 406; conquered Ludhiana,
viii. 520 ; their attack on Maler Kotla,
which ended in the treaty of 1809, ix.
255 ; their defeat at Mudki, ix. 528 ;
their invasions, conquest, and rule in
Multan, x. 4, 5 ; conquest of Muzaffar-
nagar, x. 69 ; their history in Patiala,
xi. 88-90 ; invasion and final conquest
of Peshawar, xi. 149 ; their rise and
history in the Punjab, xi. 262-266; the
Sikh wars and treaties of Lahore, xi.
265-267; action at Ramnagar, xi. 452 ;
their history in Rawal Pindi, xii. 24,
25, where they laid down their arms
(1849), xii. 36, 37 ; action at Sadulla-
pur, xii. 97; their invasions of Saharan-
pur, xii. 116, 117; defeated by the
British at Charaon (1804), xii. 117 ; in
Shahpur, xii. 362, 363 ; invasions of
Sialkot, xii. 442 ; partial conquest of
Sirsa, xiii. 1 1 ; defeat at Sobraon, xiii.
45 ; invasion of Spiti (1841), xiii. 70.
See also Ranjit Singh.

Sikhs, an important section of the popula-
tion in Ambala, i. 216, 217; Amritsar,
i. 257; Bundala, iii. 150; Gujranwala,
v. 183 ; Gujrat, v. 192 ; Gurdaspur, v.
209 ; Haidarabad (Sind), v. 278 ; Jeh-
lam, vii. 170; Karachi, vii. 447;
Lahore, viii. 507 ; the Punjab, xi. 273,
274 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 26 ; Shahpur,
xii. 364 ; Sialkot, xii. 444 ; Sind, xii.
517, 519 ; Sirsa, xiii. 13.

Sikh temples. See Temples, Sikh.

Sikkim, Native State in the Eastern
Himalayas, xii. 483 - 488 ; physical
aspects, 483, 484 ; history, 484, 485 ;
population, 485, 486 ; agriculture, land
tenures, and revenue system, xii. 486,
487 ; commerce and trade, 487, 488 ;
climate and medical aspects, 488.

Sikrol, suburb of Benares city, xii. 448.

Siladatiya, Buddhist king of Northern
India (634 A.D.), vi. 156.



Silai, river in Bengal, xii. 488.

Silana, petty State in Kathiawar, xii. 448.

Silanath, village in Bengal, xii. 488, 489.

Silanchis, Pathan tribe in Sibi, xii. 456.

Silang, mountain range and station in
Assam. See Shillong.

Silchar, town and cantonment in Assam,
xii. 489.

Silheti, petty chiefship in the Central
Provinces, xii. 489.

Silk and sericulture, article ' India,' vi.
511-515; the Company's factories, 511,
512; area and out-turn, 512, 513;
silk-weaving in Bengal, Burma, and
Assam, 602, 603 ; jungle silks {tasar),
513, 514 ; steam silk factories, 603.

Silk manufacture, spinning, weaving, etc. :
in Adoni, i. 26 ; Afghanistan, i. 39 ;
Ahmadabad, i. 96 ; Ahmadnagar, i.
109 ; Alahyar-jo-Tando, i. 161 ; Am-
raoti, i. 251 ; Amritsar, i. 265; Anand-
pur (Bengal), i. 273 ; South Arcot, i.
326 ; Assam, i. 367 ; Attikuppa, i.
381 ; Bagalkot, i. 413; Bahawalpur,
i. 422; Bangalore, ii. 64, 70; Bankura,
ii. 85 ; Bard wan, ii. 132 ; Batala, ii.
216; Behar, ii. 228; Benares, ii. 266;
Bengal, ii. 309 ; Berhampur (Madras),
ii. 324 ; Birbhum, iii. 6, 7, 9 ; Bish-
nupur, iii. 17; Bogra, iii. 30; Bulsar,
iii. 349 ; Burhanpur, iii. 165 ; Lower
Burma, iii. 198 ; Upper Burma, iii.
217; Chanda, iii. 354, 355; Chanray-
patna, iii. 369 ; Chilambaram, iii. 412 ;
Chitaldrug, iii. 426 ; Cutch, iv. 62 ;
Darrang, iv. 147, 148 ; Dera Ghazi
Khan, iv. 218 ; Deulgaon Raja, iv.
230 ; Dharwar, iv. 264 ; Dindigal, iv.
301 ; Eastern Dwars, iv. 334; Ganutia,
v. 10; Goalpara, v. 117; Gudur, v.
178; Guledgarh, v. 197; Haidarabad
(Sind), v. 228 ; Hanthawadi, v. 316 ;
Hassan, v. 349 ; Hugh, v. 496 ; Jekal,
v. 509; Jehlam, vii. 175; Kaladgi, vii.
319 ; Kampti, vii. 354 ; Kandahar, vii.
391; Kashmir, viii. 74; Kathiawar,
viii. 96; Kengeri, viii. 114, 115;
Khairpur, viii. 135 ; Khushab, viii.
213, xii. 366; Khyrim, viii. 215;
Kila Sobha. Singh, viii. 217; Jaggaya-
pet in Kistna, viii. 232 ; Kolar, viii.
277; Koratagiri, viii. 296; Kuch Behar,
viii. 324; Kyauk-pyu, viii. 387; Lahore,
viii. 418 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 434 ;
Maheswar, ix. 173 ; Maimansingh, ix.
198 ; Maldah, ix. 245, 246 ; Man-
bhum, ix. 284 ; Mandalav, ix. 290 ;
Margram, ix. 345 ; Mau Natbhanjan,
ix. 373 ; Maureswar, ix. 374; Memari,
ix. 405 ; Midnapur, ix. 430-434 ; Mul-
tan, x. 13 ; Murshidabad, x. 28, 29 ;
Nawanagar, x. 235; Nowgong, x. 412;
Paithan, x. 530 ; Pakpattan, x. 533 ;



IXDEX.



3°5



Anhilwdra Patan. xi. 82 ; Pauni, xi.
120; Phaltan, xi. 164; Poona, xi.
209-213 ; Porbandar, xi. 215 ; Prome,
xi. 233 ; Pudukottai, xi. 237, 238 ;
Punjab, xi. 278 ; Rajshahi, xi. 435 ;
Rangoon, xi. 479 ; Rangpur, xi. 498 ;
Ranibennur, xi. 503 ; Rasipur, xi. 513:
Sandovvay, xii. 203 ; Sangarhi, xii.
217; Santal Parganas, xii. 234 ; Sava-
nur, xii. 293 ; Sholapur, xii. 418 ;
Shwe-gyin, xii. 433 ; Sialkot, xii. 448 ;
Sibsagar, xii. 468 ; Sinnar, xii. 545 ;
Sohagpur, xiii. 47; Tanjore, xiii. 191,
196; Tatta, xiii. 21S ; Taun^-ngu,
xiii. 225 ; Thana, xiii. 257 ; Tumkur,
xiii. 379; Walajapet, xiii. 515; Yeola,

xiii. 555- . . £

Silkworms, Rearing of: in Assam, 1. 367;
Birbhum, iii. 7-9 ; Darrang, iv. 147,
148; Gurdaspur, v. 212; Howrah, v.
462 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 432-435 ; Now-
gong, x. 412 ; Sibsagar, xii. 466, 467.
See also Mulberries.

Silk, Tasar. See Tasar silk.

Sillana, Native State in Central India.
See Sailana.

Siller, river in Madras, xii. 489.

Silondi, town in Central Provinces, xii.
489.

Silpata, village and fair in Assam, xii. 490.

Silt islands in the Brahmaputra, article
4 India,' vi. 14, 15; in the estuaries
and along the sea-face of Bengal, vi.
24, 25.

Silva, Bernardo Peres de, native of Goa,
made Governor-General of Portuguese
India (1835), but overthrown on pro-
posing reforms, v. 106.

Silveira, Antonio de, defended Diu against
Muhammad III. of Gujarat (1538), iv.

307.
Silver, found in Afghanistan, i. 36 ;

Akrani, i. 148; Balaghat, i. 412;

Baluchistan, ii. 36 ; Upper Burma, iii.

211 ; grey carbonate of, found in

Dharwar, iv. 258 ; Garhwal, v. 22 ;

Jaora, vii. 142 ; Kangra, vii. 413 ;

Lalmai Hills, viii. 458 ; Madras, ix.

6 ; Naga Hills, x. 144 ; Nallamalai

Hills, x. 185 ; Nandikanama, x. 193 ;

Santal Parganas, xii. 217.
Silver work, in Lower Burma, iii. 198 ;

Cutch, iv. 62 ; Dabha, iv. 76 ; Dacca,

iv. 86 ; Gopamau (arsis), v. 163 ;

Khairpur, viii. 135 ; Khasi Hills, viii.

178 ; Makhi, ix. 215 ; Nasik, x. 223 ;

Panipat, xi. 47 ; Poona, xi. 209 ;

Vizagapatam, xiii. 494, 498. See also

Gold and Silver.
Sim, Major, his experiments in deepening

the Pambam Passage (1828), xi. 22.
Simga, town and tahsil in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 490.



Simhachalam, temple in Madras. See
Sinhachalam.

Simla, District in Punjab, xii. 490-495 ;
physical aspects, 490 - 492 ; history,
492; population, 492, 493; agriculture,
493) 494 '■> commerce, communications,
etc., 494; administration, 494 ; educa-
tional establishments, 494, 495; medi-
cal aspects, 495.

Simla, tahsil in Punjab, xii. 495.

Simla, hill station, sanitarium, and sum-
mer capital of British India, xii. 496-
498.

Simla Hill States, collection of twenty-
three Native States, surrounding the
sanitarium of Simla, xii. 498-501; table
of area and population, xii. 499.

Simraon, ruined town in Bengal, xii.
501, 502.

Simrauta, pargand in Oudh, xii. 502.

Sinawan, tahsil in Punjab. 5^ Sana wan.

Sinchal Pahar, mountain spur in Bengal,
xii. 502.

Sinchula, hill range in Bengal, xii. 502.

Sinclair, Major, stormed hill fort of
Hinglajgarh (1804), v. 422.

Sind, Province or Commissionership of
British India under Governor of Bom-
bay, xii. 502-525 ; table of area and
population, 503 ; physical aspects, 504-
508 ; trees, 506, 507 ; fauna, 507 ;
history, 508-516 ; population, 516-519 ;
cities and towns, 519, 520; agriculture,
520, 521 ; commerce and communica-
tions, 521 - 523 ; statistics of wheat
trade, 522 ; administration, 523, 524 ;
education, 524 ; medical aspects, 524,

5 2 5- ,

Sindewahi, town in Central Provinces,
xii. 525.

Sindgi, Sub-division in Bombay, xii. 525,
526.

Sindgi, village in Bombay, xii. 526.

Sindhia, the family name of the ruler of
the Maratha State of Gwalior in
Central India ; rise of the family to
power, article ' India,' vi. 322 ; wars
with the English, 323.

Sindhia, Daulat Rao, Maharaja of
Gwalior (1794-1827), obtained Ahmad -
nngar (1797), i. 108 ; ceded Ajmere to
the East India Company (1818), i.
122 ; defeated at Assaye( 1803), i. 374 ;
repaired temple of Deoprayag, iv. 205 ;
had to give up Gohad, Gwalior, and
Dholpur (1804), but got back two first
from Lord Cornwallis (1805), iv. 277 ;
sacked Fatehkhelda before Assaye,
iv. 422 ; helped chief of Garhakota
against the Raja of Nagpur, v. 13 ;
his history, v. 230-232 ; defeated by
Jaswant Rao Holkar (1802), vii. 6 ;
conquered Chanderi (1811-14), viii.



3°4



INDEX.



448 ; war declared against him when
encamped at Malkapur (1803), ix. 259;
took Rahatgarh (1807), xi. 345 ; over-
ran Sunth (1819), but persuaded to
withdraw, xiii. 115; removed his
capital from Ujjain to Gwalior (1810),
xiii. 417.

Sindhia, Jaiaji Rao, Maharaja of Gwalior
(1843-1886), placed in power by the
British after the battle of Maharajpur ;
his conduct in the Mutiny, v. 233 ; his
banner, v. 234.

Sindhia, Jhankuji, Maharaja of Gwalior
(1827-43), tne disturbances between
him and Baiza Bai, v. 232, 233.

Sindia, Mahadaji, took Agra (1784),
and besieged there (1787) till relieved
by De Boigne, i. 70 ; took Koil
(1784), and organized his troops there,
i. 170 ; obtained Broach by treaty
of Salbai, iii. 109 ; took Delhi, and
the person of the Emperor (17S8),
iv. 193 ; took Dholpur (1782), iv. 276 ;
took Gwalior (1777 and 1782), iv. 277 ;
his history, v. 230 ; conquered Jodhpur
and annexed Ajmere, vii. 241 ; de-
feated Raja of Jodhpur at Merta
(1754), ix. 415 ; defeated with the rest
of the Marathas at Panipat (1761), xi.
45-47 ; took Pawagarh (1771), xi. 122 ;
his intervention in Mewar and lands
ceded to him, xiii. 405-407 ; granted
away Jawal (1788), xiii. 549.

Sindhia, Ranoji, founder of the Sindhia
dynasty, his history, v. 230 ; took
Sindkher about 1743, xii. 527.

Sindhiapura, petty State in Rewa Kantha,
xii. 526.

Sindhora, village in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
526.

Sindi, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.
526.

Sindis, or inhabitants of Sind, their cha-
racter, Haidarabad (Sind), v. 276 ;
Sind, xii. 517, 518.

Sindkher, town in Berar, xii. 526, 527.

Sindkhera, town in Bombay, xii. 527.

Sindiir, or red lead, at Sonwani, xiii. 64.

Sindurjana, town in Berar. See Sendur-
jana.

Sindwa, village and fort in Central
India, xii. 527, 528.

Singa, pass in Punjab, xii. 528.



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